The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on August 10, 1936 · Page 10
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 10

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Blytheville, Arkansas
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Monday, August 10, 1936
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Page 10
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PAGE-TEN Economic Difficulties Following Military Defeat Bring Disorders Tills Is the foilrlli ami last of a scries on (he history of Spain. 11V WI1XIS TIIOIINTON KEA Service Staff Correspondent The brief war W'Wrh put an end to Spain's colonial empire ami to her pretensions as a world po'.ver Is more fnmlliar to people of the United Stales than is the rest of Spanish history. Tnnl is because It was the United States which administered the blow. Older people today will remember the Indignation that swept this country when tales of oppression ana atrocities came up from Cuba, where "Butcher" Weylei. the ; Spanish commander, used medieval methods In keeping tiic Cubans under subjection. When the U. S. battleship Maine was blown up hi Hnvnna harbor, the United Slate. 1 ; demanded that Spain get out of Cuba. War followed, swift and decisive. Two Spanish fleets were destroyed — that of Montojo by Dewey at Manila, and that of Cervera by Sclilcy and Sampson off 'Saultngo.' 'Hie American expeditionary forces look Manila and Havana. Spain lost Cuba and the Philip- pines/nnd her foreign empire faded nwny. Well lost, too, ninny Spaniards felt, because It had been n drain rather than n resource. But (here remained a tremendous war debt nud n spirit of . pessimism spread Ihrotighoiil the country. It was frit ilial Spain must begin again at the bottom. ; ') , AI.,FHONS'O ON 'n I it ONE 2, Alphonso XIII came of ;,took tlio Ihrone, ending cy. ; of Queen Chrlstlnn. became n continual •TTO';"5"»i-i»ilnLslerlnl crises, with **% 'radicalism, of the most violent t>'pe growing in the great cities. When the King wns married to Princess Victoria Eugenia or nal- tenburg In 1906, an anarchist bombed the procession, killing.20 men. As early as 1909 there were nn- tl-elcrlcal and anarchist risings in Barcelona, suppressed only by bloodshed. By 1D10, Alphonso was himself advocating In speeches tho reduction of the power of tlic religious orders, which had continued (o hold vast properties and lo control education. Republican elements' opposing the monaichy were so badly divided that though their number incicased, the king actually gained power. At the same time, he could'-make few rpforms.^Hnlf the voters were, anil ore today, unable to .read or write. WAR HEU'S SPAIN During the.World War, prosperity . came again to Spain as one of the few piomincnt neutrals. Wealth povncd in again, but wiu no bcttci distributed than before. Pood prices rose, and In the midst of tlic war "piosperity" there were bread riots. Syndicalists, anarchists, and Icis violent radicals flourished. People began to move toward the two extremes of radicalism and conservatism. In 1920 there wns a widespread general strike. The very next year disaster came in Morocco. A !arge force of Spanish regulars In eastern Morocco were suddenly attacked by • Abd : cl-Krim, chief of the Riffs; 15,000 more Spanish soldiers lay deal in tlic Moroccan desert. The Moors advanced to the gates of Mclilln, capUnl of Spanish Morocco. It was a 1000-year flashback to the ancient conflict between Moor and Christian. The prestige of the conslitution- nl monarchy was so shaken by this disaster that U never recoov- ered. For nvo years the Moroccan campaign dragged on before n joint offensive with the French brought victory 1 . TDK RIVERA RISES But, in the meantime, Primo dc Rivera, one of the more successful officers of the Moroccan campaign, had become captain-general of Barcelona. Here in 1923 was organized a military revolt, not against the crown, but against the cabinet. Rivera's revolt spread, and he was soon In a position to demand leadership of the government, which Alphonso granted. Rivera assumed all the cabinet posts himself, clamped down a censorship, and began to Inlrodiico efficiency and public works on the model of Fascist Italy. Victory In Morocco brought Ri vera's military directory Into high public favor about 1925, but it failed lo stay there. Rivera ignored all politicians, offended many officers In the army itself. By 1927 there was open rebellion ln:Catalqnia, and by 1930, m. '.vb'rn realized he was through. He resigned, went to Paris, and died only a few weeks later, exhausted and defeated. -, Alphonso tried to re-establish constitutional monarchy, but • it was loo late. The country was hopelessly split Into small minority parties" and factions. General Bcrcngcr as premier soon had to Suppress- a revolt at Jaca, and Communists liotslcd the red nag in Madrid. , By, 1931, the elections showed country so pronouncedly republican Hint the Mug wns convinced Hint civil wo'r was Inevitable. Rather Hum prcclpHtite It, lie loft the country without formally nbniulonlng his lights as ruler. The Second Republic wns then Mlfibllslieit. nnd tills is (lie OIK now lighting for existence pgninst fi Fascist revolt. It inherited n set of problems which 'most, other countries I mil Already solved—vnst feud.il estates nnd n Rovcnimcnt closely allied with an intrenclu-d church, which controlled education, soclnl work, and n fjorxl shnrc of the budget, nnd whose priests were politically nctlve. COONTHV NIJAK CHAOS The budget wns out of balance, and 11 political pmtle.s stru(rglcd in the Cortes for ascendancy. A million unemployed. 50 per cent of nil children without schooltnj:, Provincial ambitions for independence, nnd n rising Communist element, gradually converting Ihe Individualistic nuarchlst radicals to political methods. In 1932 there was an abortive monarchist revolt. In 19311 another by (he nnarch-.syndlcnllsls. find In If>:i4 still another |>y ||, c ] c rt-' whig ra'dlcnls. nurliiK all the.ie, there was a continual bcdlnin of strikes, riots, and demonstrations. President Manuel Awim, an able, parliamentarian, was not nble to dispose of the rebels. Army officers known 'to be disloyal lo (he republic were sent lo the Canary or Balearic Isles, where ihey had plenty of opportunity to plot revolt. COMMUNISTS STAND ItliADV Now the same people who' were BLYTHEVILLE, (ARK,)' COURIER NEWS He'll Sail Barrel-Over Atlantic The three men In a. tub were pikers alongside Ernest niegazski, 45, Dutralo, N. Y., war veteran, who plans a yachting trip across the Allantic In the oversized barrel with which ho Is shown above. The huge .keg will be equipped with radii;, a keel, sail and (jo clays' supply of food and water for (lie ocean crossing. . Married 'and father of two, Blcsjaiuikl spent Ms $1.000 bonus money for the barrel, hoping to make Inquisitive Europeans pay to sec It revolting In 19M arc defending Hie republic In Ihe united popular front which triumphed at the last elections. The army officers land-owners, priests, and grandees arc attempting to win Spain for Fascism. Awina is In much the same position as Korcnsky—ir ho saves tlic republic, the Communist.-: are ready lo take It over. '?Vision' B eh ing Bumper Crops, Farmer Argues STRATFORD. Out. (UP)—Herman Oreve, amateur farmer, explains the amazing results he has obtained In growing vegetables in three small plots Tiere U> "a vision like an angel, fair as a woman," which came to him In a dream long ago. Oreve has grown carrots measuring 20 inches in length and 4 Indies In diameter; beets weighing 25 ounces, and an average of 121 bags of jxjtatoes a year, all In three plats hardly more than an acre In she. "The gardening education I have received came lo me In a dream about 12 years ago," Grcvc says, "but I had little opportunity to we the Information until two years ago. The vlsloon was like an angel, fair as a woman. It showed me haw to grow plants." (ireve refused lo reveal the source of his "information" on crop-raising, but admitted the plan "had something to do with conditions and changes of the moon." Although he did not attribute (tie "vision's" power as Mug re- sixmslble. the fact remains Grove's plots are the only ones in Ihe clly which showed no ill effects from (lie prolonged droulh which almost mined general fanning production la tills district. Vote for Virgil Greene For County Judge MONDAY AUGUST i 0) me MCDONALD RALLY EOF. MCDONALD FQR GOVERNOR HEAR ED F. McDONALD, JR. ATOSCEOLA Monday, August 10,1936 8p.m. 50 PIECE BAND CONCERT 6:30 to 7:30 Announcements by local candidates will be made beginning at 7.30 p. m. MISSISSIPPI COUNTY is FOR MCDONALD .,. * McDonald by Tlwusands McDonald Will Protect Arkansas Arkansas' future is at stake. • l^l^^fc 0 ^"^' had b f en '«•?•!«*«» by t^ old «dd ' " e •« eo«,y . and destroyed the confidence of the people in Sfcre Government eould n " be ca * ei ' and the o Arkansas has progressed during the Futrell Administration. The State expense, have been cut in half. Old debts left by the wrecking crew hove been poid. The State Refunding Act, which Ed McDonald helped to admin! l^V-V^ mem er °* the Booro V has reestablished the state's credit sav»H $31,250,000.00 in interest alone on highway bonds, restored value to our °le i n if^'ov"^ " h0011 ° nd re$tored eom P le ^ confidence of the peo- " >e " " ...... i _ . . . This Progress Must Continue fh K T S - He has pr °P° sed defi " ife nS« to further the best interests of all people. His platform and policies are ac- co± FHVM'n^ir, 6 by hard "° rkin 9< fair-thinking citizen , who re- ' Gogn ze Ed F. McDonald as on -executive capable of making Arkansos one . of its greatest governors. He will protect the best interest of Arkansas -• Constructive Policies ~*^ • • '•'''•' "Kansas cannot afford to turn the management of its .affairs over to the same predatory 'un^r^.rir^'o'rlr^nriS ^HtolMlrjI^d ballvZT *"""* ° • CQnd ' dat9 whose ID F. McDONOLD PROPOSES: I. That the State take over the entire operating expenses of the Asrieulluraf Ex- DemmsVaVion AgenlsT""' ' ' nC ' Ude5 ^""^ °- solaries of Cout "l' *&<^ and.Home . 2 -- T 5jat the slate pay the entire operating expenses of the State Tuberculosis'Sanl- ' O ',' u " 1 . a ' ooonevil*. At the present time H'counties in Arkansas are legally unable to unohl, ,o P n 0 "™ u P °L" :ntS i" '^ Tuberculosis Sonilorium because these counties am unoble to pay (be weekly charge demanded of counties for each patient i, .-« V S C " mma1 ne ?' ect lo dcn V offerers of tuberculosis admittance to this splendid institution because count.es are unable lo pay fees, and when I become governor I propose to moke the sanitarium strictly State supported. H'VI~« i" f n n~ 3 ' A*? e ? tab ' ishmernt °f on active, honorary commission os a Stole agency to closely follow and develop federal co-operolion in: "-lu.^ a. Flood control. > b. 'Payment of maximum of old age pensions •' • c. Aid lo dependent children. „-'' d. Aid to dependent mothers. t»i • ." e. Aid to blind. .' - Iff f. Agricultural relief. 4. Refiindino of school district bonds along the some lines os followed by the •us Ketundmg Program of Highway and Road Improvement District Bonds ^conltnucmce of the Bond Refunding program. for the purpose ol paying Old Age Pensions, ond for the support of ., » • tono i. the school? 8 meri- / WARNING! The opponents of Ed F. McDonald are making futile attempts to stop his inevitable victory by diverting attention from the issues of the campaign to circulation of last minute propaganda. It should be understood that ony candidate with enough .money con buy a printing press, and citizens are warned to disregard lost minute attacks. . BAILEY SURRENDERS That candidate Carl Bailey recoq- nizes his defeat is seen in his move to becloud the issues of the campaign and to divert attention from the principles and policies advocated by McDonald. He trumped up charges in Crittenden county, t H I M h n e ' eCtion ™chinery was con! F K?* ^ ' .°u Qfd su PP° rter *. J^9= G. •n r 'tt T h ' S °PP |i <:otion for a writ COUnty ' Tnere i Refunding Plan Flea Sounded by Futrell In Backing McDonald Little Rock, Aug. 8.—Declaring completion of the state's refunding program vitally important to.Ark- , onsas, and Secretary of State Ed F. McDonald best suited as governor to carry out this and other Futrell administration, policies, Governor Fulrell todoy proclaimed himself solid!/ behind McDonald's candidacy and said he "wilf remain unchanged until the last vote is cost." The governor's statement • followed a radio address Thursday night in which he'said the candidacy of Wr. McDonald had his full approval. In his statement today Governor Futrell emphasized the necessity of carrying on the state's bond refunding program. "Pfans hove already been worked out to this end," the governor said, "and they ore understood by McDonald. If the confidence of lha commercial world is once shaken, the possibility of funding thesa bonds goes out of the picture. Importance of this matter should ap- peot to all thinking people." "\ know that McDonald thoroughly understands the policies that retrieved this State frorn iri tcrribfe conditions in 1933. He appreciates the overpowering necessity that these policies must not be abandoned or els* the State w3l] ffo ropldfy backward." —Commercial Appeal Tht rttch i F. McDonold hoi received Su«4udi of tttcphoM c«tl« «nd |L"' Il8lln « ""f Hi* McDonald lidt of rktofr would i« cl»n campaign conjgct.d by Mr. McDonald »d tk« tovnd dvocottt hovt tint universal favor wirh rk« citiiMiMp of

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