THURSDAY, MAY 26, 19-19 BLYTHEVTLLE (ARK.) COURIER NEWS PAGE THREE Indians to Mark 'Citizenship Day' 400,000 to Celebrate 25th Anniversary of V Rights as Citizens By Kobt-rl E. G tiger WASHINGTON—M»)—On June 2, Indians will celebrate the 25th anniversary of the date on which they gained full citizenship. Although they hnvc been citizens for 25 years many of them did not win the right to vole imlil last year. The 1948 presidential election was the first in which many could legally cast ballots. The U. S. Constitution excluded Indians from the census that determined, on ji basis of population, each state's representation In the House of Pepre? tit lives. Many states later Interpret ed this as excluding Indians from elections. The 14th Amendment, adopted it 1856, f?ave citizenship to nil persons horn ov naturalised In Ihe United States. But slill mnnv Indians were excluded from elections. Then In 1870 the 15th Amend ment provided Ihnt the rleht of cit- terns to vole should not bp denied hv anv s*M,e on arronnt of rare color "or orevions condition of servitude". The l«m law rxtended rlt- izrnship to Indians born In the United Rlnt.es. But. a.s late a-; UlSfi .seven sHtes—Ari?ona, N>w Mexico. .Idaho. Washington, Soufh Dakota. 'Colorado and Utah—withheld voting rights. fourt Derision Ilrlps They did this on various grounds, the most, common being that, the Indian was not taxed. Before the November election last year, Arizona and New Mexico were the only states excluding Indians, from the ballot booths. About one fourth of all U, S. Indians—now numbering around 400.000—live in these .states The Arizona st.ite snnreme court overruled n earlier decision that denied the vote to "a person under .guardianship." This had beeu applied to reservation Indians hecausn they are. In some ways, wards of the government. Thus the new decision cleared the w«v to the ballot box for Arizona Indians. In New Mexico n federal court ruling prohibited election clerks from refusing to register Indians who are not taxed. So this gave New Mexico Indians the voting privilege. II. S. Indian Service officials say Oklahoma Indians probablv are the most Influential in politics. They have had voting rights ever since Oklahoma became a state. More Interested In Tribe P But these officials do not expect other Indians to take an Influential part In politics Immediately. Th Is goes for the st at cs A rl zon n and New Mexico—where full-blooded Indians are the most numerous. For one thing the Indians have strong tribal councils. They are more Interested in tribal politics thin in the white man's politics. Many Indians also fear that If they vote they, will lose special privileges that have been granted them such as freedom from land taxes the right to live on reservation lands and enjoy government services like school and hospitals, Indian Service officials -say all these fears are unfounded, and they are urging the Indians to vote. The Indians also fear that if they become entangled in the whit man's politics it will cause triha Levees -or Missouri Towns Asked WASHINGTON, May 2(3. </!>) — The House I'ubhc Works Commlt- eo was asked yesterday to approve lew Icvoc.s lo protect Cape Glrw- lenvi and Canton, Mo., from Mississippi River flood waters. Rep. Pnul C. JOHWJ (O-Mol toW Ihe conunlllee that In recent years a result of levees built In tho llltnolii side of the river, Ci\pe GJr- nrdciui hn.s suffered from mnn> floods. He and n. 13. OHvrr. Caue CJhar- deau lawyer, asked the commit lot to approve expenditures of $4,750.000 lo bultd levees nloi.s the rlvei front which would protect bu*l and Industrial areas. In addition lornl interc.st.s would put up $135, 000, Col. H. C. Gee of the Army ICn«l neer.s .said the Canton project wonli cost $1.1(50.000 of which local Inter e.sts would pay $73,500. The pro JIT nvolvc.s construcllots of nn enrt levee almost completely circling Ih town. preside of money and power. "U Is now possible," Klleh! siiy.s, "for a .student who d(it\s tin JUST A REMINDER—Not even this st.-Uue was safe, when political posters were plastered on a street corner in Trieste, as campEitgtnrig begins lor the Urst local administrative elections since the war. Although the elections ore local, the results may indicate the temper ot (he people with regard to the future of the free territory, smack on Russia's iron curtain. tales In June, learn Ku^Hsh wo nmnlhs and enter a unlver.sl n September." She- admits he mi ave a hard time at first. Rut nflcr wo months' full time work, he cnn et along In his new language nnti )niclice will make his work progressively easier. English As Language of the Future A Possible End to "Curse of Bablc" Al* Sherry Hnwen eMsfealuies \Vrit«r NEW YORK— Can English end the curse of liabct? Some experts not only believe it can but is well alotiR the road. In the centuries to come, some say. English can become a language like Latin in the Middle Ages in which all educated men can understand each other. Only this inny be more Important because far more University, spells tbat out. She cttes one count which shows that the 850 simples words in Basic English have 12,425 meaning.; when of the people are educated. Nobody knows how many people speak English today. Estimates vary from H. L. Mencken's 175.000,000 lo 1049 World Almanac's 270,000,00. Dr. Albert, IT. Marckwardt of > University of Michigan makes "guess" that 230,000.000 people ave English as n native language Thiil compares with four or five nllion in 1582. "It is, however, in Us development as a second language that the I eal opportunities for the future ievelopment of English seem to lie," Marckwardt says. He says estimates of the number of people using Engish as n second language vary from Cf -000,000 to 125,000,000. But In another century, he says, "we can assume that probably 500.000,000 people will be .speaking some form of English cither as n first or a second language." Of international languages such as Basic English and Esperanto he now English to to the UniU WORLD BANKER—Eugene R. Rlurk, nbovc, of AUmiln, Oil,, former vice president of New York's Chase Nnlioiml Hank, succeeds John J. MoCloy as pvosidenl ot the World Hunk, liliick served under MeCloy. who was niuncd U. S. hliih commissioner for Germany, us executive director of Ihu UN hscul Institution. *artial Grain Embargo et for Wheat Region WASHINGTON, May 2(j. (A'J — tie Association ol AiiU'rlcan llall- >mls announced) yi'.stcrday u imr- al einb:ui:o mi grain .shipments lu le winter whiml bell, effectivo Jam- Tl 10 ncllon affoot.*; only uraIn Hi-sl^ncd for .stoniRc. It Is aimed. u 1 n.ssoHiitlon said, al pawn ting oiU'iexUou nml undue delity of box nus t Hcnln storuge iwlnt.i. Th embargo will caver Knnsu.s, Ni'br skn. CVIonuEo, Missouri, Ok- Uini m, Texas, except the porl.s of Inlv .ston, Houston ami Port Ar- Inir), Council Bluffs, In,, and E'tsl at. I/nils, ill. Tlio Ilr.st boat race between Hur- vnrd uwl Yalo was singed on Lake Wiii>il|iesiU!kw lu 1852. , Norlh Carolina's death r»U k the lowest ol nil the >tat« cut of. Ihe Mississippi (7.8 per tboiuand). The mass, or weluht. of (he oiirlh 6.5Bn,00().000.0(HI.OOn.OOO.OOO (six L'X.-.lilllnn 5)11! quhllllllon) si nil I (OILS. Manager for Million Dollar Life Insurance Agency Wnnii'd nmmiKt'i' fur Alillii)n-))oll»r going ordinary HKi'iH-y in N(n-llit'nsl Arkansas. Musi b« successful IK-rsunal producer. Will he (ruined in home office—2 week I.. 1. A. Rl. A. scliool of agency rnitnagement. An uuusiml ii|)|M)r(uuily for u nuin interested in earning mote niuiu'V. (live complete educutionul and business li;it'kKn)iui(l. KiicliiHc recent i>hntoj;riiph. Reply Box A11C, '/<> (his news|M<i>cr. In lf)'20. Magellan found South America's soilllH-ru-ll]) island "slurk with cold' 1 and he mimed it 'I'ieiru del KIICRO (laiul of llrel hecunsc Ihe luiltvcs had .sc> many lives to keep \varni. Rend Courier News Wuiil Ads. according to the Basic English rulp.s Anil the Oxford Dictionary 1?,416 sense for those same words In addition, she says, n living Inn- uage must grow from life. It. words and forms must reflect thing and ideas people use. Here are some of the reasons th experts thing English has a chanc to spread aud pos.siblv to bccom the international language of th future: 1- It Is (he native language of two of the world's great powers. 2. it Is widcl" used. It Is one of the two working languages in the United Nations. And Dr. Marckwardt estimates, for Instance, that three-fifths of the world's radio stations broadcast in Engli^. 3. It is widely centered. It is used as a native laneitagc on at least four of the continents. Russian, its nearest big rival, is centered on two continents. 4. It is well standardized The dialects which prevent many Chinese, for instance, from understanding each other are absent. 1 5. It is already wide.lv tamrht as a .second language. Marckwardt savs [ It Is replacing French as a second language In latin America. And Its says, "We can only conclude that no one of them has yet been sufficiently successful to Justify much confidence in its future." Dr. Ailecn T Kitehin, associate teaching Is important In Holland. Scandinavia auri even In Russia. 6. New methods of teaching matte H easier for men to learn anolher language. This is expected to help boost the language which already professor of the teaching of Eng- has the advantage and vriilch Is na- dissension. Despite these fears many Indians participated in th primaries and the national election of 1948. For instance, the all-Pueblo Council In New Mexico, which for 300 years has b een th e organ! ?,a t ion through which 20 Pueblo villages threshed out common problems, sent a questionnaire to each of the candidates in the election, it asked written views on many questions, such as whether the candidate ue- • lieved that Indians should, receive social security payments, Serve In Congress However, Manual Lnjan, the gov- v *rnor of the Taos Pueblo, urged his |f people not to take part In the white man's politics. There are about 35.000 Indians in New Mexico and only about 3,000 reservation Indians were registered in the 1948 elections. Several persons with Indian blood have been members of both the U. S. Senate and House of Representatives. The late Vice Presi- ' dent Charles Curtis was of Kaw Indian blood on his mother's side. There are Indian tribes In 26 states, but Indian Service officials say the greatest concentration of full-blooded Indians is in the second congressional t'istncl in Arizona. The district contains 40.000 Navajos on the Navajo reservation, but the total population in the district, including whites, is more than 300,000. Even Long Island has an Indian tribe, the Shlnnecocks. 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