The Minneapolis Star from Minneapolis, Minnesota on August 19, 1961 · Page 1
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The Minneapolis Star from Minneapolis, Minnesota · Page 1

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Minneapolis, Minnesota
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Saturday, August 19, 1961
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Page 1
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MINNEAPOLIS TEMPERATURES Midnight . .62 1 a.m. i , , ,60 2 a.m 59 S a.m, ,,,,56 3 a.m 54 10 a.m.... 60 6 a.m. , ,, ,53 7 a.m. . , 52 11 a.m. ...62 Noon 65 1 p.m. ...67 ITl.nffl.lal The Minneapolis 8 a.m. ... ,54 9 a.m. . . . . 56 4 a.m. ,,..35 Preclp., 12 a.m. to Noon, none. Forecast: 1 Fair. Saturday, Aug. 19, 1961 lxxxiii-no 229 Two Sections 26 PAGES Telcphono FE. 3-3111 7c Price PEOPLE TAKE LAST LOOK AT FREEDOM '5-mile Wail Fenc n East Berlin Stair tng EDITOR'S NOTE; The Communists are erecting a 25-mile wall around West Berlin so that soon the peoples fci ULder their r(0im U'M nt even be able to see the shiny showcase of a free people. A UPI correspondent uho drove through East Berlin tells what the barrier means in the following dispatch. By EDWARD J. SHIELDS BERLIN (UPI) Two tired, gray-haired women try to smile through tears as they wave their handkerchiefs. Ten yards away, in West Berlin, a smartly dressed young wife-and her husband wave back and hold up their baby for its grandmothers to see. The grandmas know they may never hold the child. Between them is the wall. Perhaps within days they will not even be able Russ Reject West Protest on Berlin MOSCOW (UPI) The Soviet Union, in a swift answer, announced today it has "categorically rejected" United States, British and French protests over the communist closing of the West Berlin border. The allied protest notes were delivered to the Kremlin Thursday and were rejected as "groundless" in re-plies delivered to the big three western governments Friday all within 24 hours. The Soviet reply re-stated Moscow's previous position that East Germany was acting as a "sovereign state" to protect its own borders and this was no other government's business. In its 2,500-word reply to the United States, the Soviet government accused the western powers and West Germany of being responsible for the conditions that it said forced the East German government to close the East-West Berlin border last Sunday. It said the Soviet government "fully understands and supports" the East German regime's "temporary" border closing. Mrs. Paige, Legislator, Dies at 91 Mrs. James Paige, legislator, lawyer and civic leader, who became the first woman member of the Minnesota legislature and served there for 23 years, died today. She was 91. Born in Newport, Mass., in 1870, the daughter of Dr. Edward Payson Hurd and Elizabeth Hurd Paige received her preliminary education there before going to the University of Nebraska. Leaving Nebraska after one year, she attended the Nor-mall Art school in Boston, Mass., before going to Paris where she studied at the Julian Art Academie in 1894. Returning to America, she came to Minneapolis as supervisor of art in the Minneapolis public schools, and in 1895 married James Paige, professor of law and an acting dean of the law school of the University of Minnesota. Gave Up Art Giving up her career in art, she was admitted to the Minnesota bar five years later. She became prominent in PAIGE Turn to Page 3A Features Comics, Page 4A. Editorial, Page 6A. Sports, Pages 10, 11 A. Theaters, Pages 12, 13 A. Radio and TV, Page 13A. Day's Records, Pages 12A, 12B. Weather, Page 12B. rauaee Joins ILL r Eerfin British Rushing Troop Carriers BULLETIN PARIS (UPI) France announced today it will join the United States and Britain in sending military reinforcements to West Berlin. LONDON (UPI) Britain joined the United States today in reinforcing its garrison in West Berlin. An official announcement for the war office said that a consignment of armored troop carriers is being sent by train to Berlin today. The announcement said 18 armored personnel carriers and 16 scout cars were being sent to reinforce the British garrison of some 3,000 men. The equipment is being sent by rail through East Germany from a British base in West Germany. It is due to arrive in West Berlin later today. A defense ministry spokesman said there were no plans to send additional British troops to West Berlin at this time. The British move was designed as a gesture, in alignment with the United States, to demonstrate allied determination to stay in Berlin and keep the routes to the city open. It also was intended to bolster morale in the city. HEIDELBERG, Germany (UPI) A battle group of 1,500 American soldiers left its base near Mannheim today and headed for West Berlin under orders from President J : BRAUNSCHWEIG---.. JuSa 1 V EASTGERMANY X 0Bnuu )A ""ll",,""-'7""l'llHH Jm paw rWEST GERMANY 1 UJ H UPI Facsimile map BLACK LINE SHOWS ROUTE OF AMERICAN TROOPS INTO BERLIN Force from Mannheim base will spend tonight in Braunschweig to see their children and their grandchild across the border. The wall is growing higher day by day. A green-uniformed "peoples policeman" carrying a rifle slouches over. "Come on, Oma (Grandma)," he says, not unkindly. "You must move back from the border." "Why do we have to be walled in like a ghetto?" one of the elderly ladies snaps. 'Protective' Measure "It's for your own protection. You know perfectly well." This is the Communist party reply the border guards give a thousand times a day. "So we need protection against our grandchildren, against that baby?" But they know words will not tear down the wall. With one last wave they turn and walk into the dusk to their tiny rooms. The scene was repeated over and over as we i4 ' - jJTSTf. Mpa Mice Smoke obscures the trees as a simulat-lieai mi&d e(j shell explodes near men of the Third battle group, engaging in a training exercise at Camp McCoy, Wis. Officers report the men, with the Berlin Kennedy to bolster the United States garrison in the isolated city. A spokesman at the headquarters of the United States army in Europe identified the unit as the 1st battle group of the 8th infantry division's 18th infantry. The announcement said the troops carried full combat gear. The battle group started TROOPS Turn to Page 3A EYE-OPENER FOR NEWCOMERS Aldermen Join Police on Rounds of Trouble Spots By CHRIS PORTERFIELD Minneapolis Star Staff Writer New Minneapolis aldermen are doing homework on some drove along the East Berlin side of the border at the end of the day, watching workmen mortaring stones on concrete blocks, raising the wall higher and higher. Three days ago it was rusty rolls of barbed wire. Yesterday it was four-foot high concrete blocks. Today it is five feet high and topped by bricks. Tomorrow? The East Berliners may be shut behind the 25-mile long "Chinese wall" without even a peephole to the west. Sudden Decision A Vopo (people's policeman) lounges a few steps away from his fellows. A dozen or so West Berliners stand across the street, jeering and shouting "why don't you dig potatoes? Why don't you dig (Communist boss Walter) Ulbricht's grave?" Suddenly, it happens. The lounging Vopo straightens, grabs his submachine gun, takes three quick paces, leaps to the top of the wall and stumbles 09 O i 9 GI's situation in mind, have higher morale than ever before and are throwing their hearts into their work. Story and more pictures on an inside page. of the city's problems by tagging, along with police on nighttime rounds of local trouble spots. Three freshmen members of the city council have taken a first-hand look at the local crime picture by accompanying the police morals squad on its investigations, cruising with patrolmen in a squad car, inspecting a precinct and touring headquarters and city jails. At 3 a.m. today, Alderman Donald P. Risk of the first ward took part in a morals squad raid at a north Minneapolis house. Six men and a .. woman were n arrested on suspicion of illegally buying and selling liquor. "It was educational," Risk said later, "and tiring. Those boys didn't knock off until 5 a.m., and they'd been working most of the day before. I take my hat off to them." Janes' Idea The idea was started by Alderman Robert P. Janes of Fitein in on the Twelfth ward, who rode in a squad car about a month ago. He encouraged other council members to take advantage of the opportunity to get a close look at city problems. "Several new members, including Mrs. Elsa Johnson, said they intend to get in on it," Janes said. "We also want to get down to the fire department and look through some of the other wards besides our own, so we'll be familiar with the situation throughout the city," he added. Last Saturday, Janes and Alderman Gerald R. Nelson of the fourth ward were given a tour of trouble spots by the morals squad. "I was really shocked to see what goes on down on Hennepin avenue," Nelson said. "I don't think most people have any idea of what it's like." Both aldermen were encouraged at recent police efforts to eliminate prostitution. But Janes said the tour impressed upon him the need ROUNDS Turn to Page 3A into freedom. "I just suddenly felt ashamed," he mutters as West Berliners clap him on the back and take him off to a refugee shelter. Bodies wait for burial on the border. The grave diggers arc East Berliners, but the only entrance to the graveyard is in West Berlin. The grave diggers can no longer cross. In another border cemetery in a working-class district, with entrances from both east and west, armed Vopos patrol the paths between the mourners. A few escapees have madeit through here, playing a grim game of hide-and-seek around the tombstones and burial mounds to slip past the Vopos. Hansi Goes Home In a remote corner of the border, where the work crews have not yet got around to replacing the barbed wire with concrete blocks, a worried, middle-aged woman cries across to two West Berliners, Way Johnson in Berlin, Vows 'No Retreat' BERLIN (UPI) Vice President Johnson flew into isolated West Berlin today with a pledge to its people that the United States would follow a firm policy of "no retreat" in the Berlin crisis Johnson's pledge had earlier been delivered to Chancellor Konrad Adenauer in a brief stopover in the West German capital of Bonn. Johnson was accompanied on the flight from Bonn to West Berlin by West German Foreign Minister Hemnch von Brentano. It had been thought that Adenauer might also go to Berlin, but his office announced that he would not go along. Also flying with the vice LYNDON Turn to Page 3A Dranow Jury Deliberating A Minneapolis federal court jury resumed deliberations today in the mail fraud case of Benjamin Dranow, 53, former owner of the John W. Thomas Co. The case went to the jury Friday at 3:25 p.m. after instructions from Judge Gun-nar H. Nordbye. Dranow, owner of the department store from 1956 to 1958, if convicted, faces a maximum prison term of five years on each of 21 counts as well as heavy fines. The present management of the store, head by Stanley D. Smith, is not involved in the trial. I WMMWPMM AP Wirephoto EAST BERLIN WORKERS WORK ON WALL Concrete blocks will separate two sectors "Please find out how my Hansi is. Last week I took him to the hospital over there. Now I can't visit him. He should be home with me." The West Berliners locate her child. The doctors arrange for an ambulance. The Communists unbend a little and the West Berlin vehicle drives through an opening in the wall to take young Hansi home. At Wollank St. one of only 12 heavily controlled breaches in the wall, hundreds of East Berliners gather after work to peer under the railway bridge at the swirling traffic and bright shop windows on the western side. A dozen armed .Vopos keep them moving. But a tavern on the corner reaps the profit. Every table is full, for the open door commands a view across the barrier, and the Vopos dot not yet move a man away from his beer. The customers stare longingly at the west. But nobody wants to talk to us. We are obviously westerners, and at the back of the restaurant a hardened Communist in factory workers militia uniform is keeping an ear on careless conversations. Game of Catch On Bernauer St., coils of barbed wire across a grassy vacant lot mark where the concrete wall will rise. A well-dressed woman carrying a shopping bag strolls up to it. Across the wire, in East Berlin, a girl in her early twenties holding a small child by the hand, stands waiting. Suddenly the woman reaches in her bag and throws a package of food across the wire. The girl moves to catch it but a chubby Vopo is quicker. He scoops it up and tosses it back to West Berlin. The woman turns and walks away in tears. "That was my daughter," she says. In Teltow, the border is a canal. A commuter who worked in a West Berlin factory until last Saturday suddenly finds himself cut off from his 600 marks a month job. He received 360 east marks a month and 240 west marks which he could exchange in West Berlin for another 1,200 cheap east marks. In Communist East Germany, that meant good middle-class comfort. The Communists gave him a new job at 340 east marks a month. As the Vopo guard turns WALL Turn to Page 3A

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