BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS VOL. 62—NO. 91 BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS (72816) THURSDAY, JUNE 30,1966 TIN CENTS 14 PAGES Will Air Strikes Serve Red Chinese Aims? By WILLIAM L. RYAN AP Special Correspondent One aim of U.S. air strikes close to Hanoi and Haiphong, Washington says, is to make North Viet Mam's support of the Viet Cong war more costly. Another may have been to change the Communist North's attitude toward peace talks. But a big calculated risk may have been involved — the risk of confrontation with the Soviet Union. A Soviet-U.S. clash long has been a major aim of Red Chinese policy, thwarted up to now by apparent Soviet reluctance to become more deeply Involved in Viet Nam at a time when Moscow's energies were centered on its domestic problems and at a time of cautious approaches to the West. * * » The air strikes may have severely damaged North Viet Nam's potential for supplying men and material to the Viet Cong. The raids could make a big dent in the morale of the North Vietnamese. At the same time, the action poses a prospect of closer world Communist support for the Vietnamese Communists, if only as a Soviet answer to Red Chinese accusations that the Kremlin betrays revolutionary causes. Hanoi propaganda for some time has been predicting U.S. bombing of Hanoi and Hai- phong. North Viet Nam's Foreign Ministry has said that raids in those areas represented "new and extremely dangerous steps forward in the air war" and has pleaded with all Red nations to prevent new U.S. "crimes." The Hanoi regime is likely to regard the raids as an attempt to force North Viet Nam to negotiate. Premier Pliam Van Dong was quoted recently as saying that 'every time Washington starts a so-called peace Initiative, the American rulers feverishly escalate the war." Hanoi, evidently suspecting »n ultimate purpose in the raids, now may rely on the impact elsewhere of the U.S. action to rally more support to its side. It may judge that the pros- pec of more direct involvement of other Communist nations will frighten the rest of the world into concerted action to stay the American hand. * * * The decision ,o attack so close to North Viet Nam's capital and its chief port came at a time when the tempo of Viet Cong attacks in the South was flagging. Possibly Viet Cong morale was shaken by U.S. .nil- itary successes and this was judged the psychological time to interdict supplies and men from the North. To cut off all effective aid from the North, however, might require sealing off Haiphong port completely either by bombing, blockade or both. Either would involve or endanger Soviet and other Communist shipping, to'say nothing of the shipping of non-Communist nations which trade with North Viet Nam. That, in turn, could lead to confrontation. Communist reports have indicated that North Viet Nam already was suffering from, the war situation in interruptions of transport and shortages of commodities. Rice, meat, sugar and other necessities are strictly rationed. * * * Hanoi is described as looking like a ghost city, deeply marked by austerity and harsh discipline. People have been digging trenches, shelters and underground tunnels everywhere. Haiphong, a city of 370,000, is much the same. The principal port which supplies the nation with goods from the outside, resembles an armed camp. The bombings can increase the two cities' woes immeasurably. There is even a threat of breaking the Red River dikes which the rice crop depends. If Hanoi's will to carry on the war in such conditions was a : matter of its own choice, attacks shattering public morale might bear fruit. But Red China ts in the background, a huge neighbor flexing muscle and' claiming domination of all Asia. China has a stake in continued war in Viet Nam. Although morale already may have been low and although Hanoi expected the American attacks, the regime's attitude toward peace talks actually hardened in recent weeks. It seems doubtful that the bombings brought talks any nearer. -* Draft Revamp Asked By BOB HORTON WASHINGTON (AP)-A long•waited Defense Department study concluded today that the draft should be redesigned to Induct the youngest eligible men first and not men nearest 26—"those who are the most settled in their careers." The change would shift the emphasis to the 19-20 age bracket. "Combat commanders prefer the younger age group" the study said, "and about eight of 10 volunteers are in the age group under 20." The study, presented to the House Armed Services Committee by Asst. Secretary of Defense Thomas D. Morris, made these other principal points: —Tha United States can not look forward to discontinuing the draft in the next decade unless changing world conditions reduce needs substantially below the force levels required since Korea. —An all-volunteer force cannot be justified because it would cost anywhere between $4 billion and $17 billion to increase military pay enough to attract the volunteers needed even for a pre-Viet Nam force of 2.7 million. More than 3 million are in service now. —The present deferment system is "basically sound." Morris, in charge of manpower for the Defense Department, testified as the committee wound up its hearings into the operations of the Selective Service System. The Pentagon study was ordered by President Johnson two years ago but had not been made public, despite some grumbling from Congress. Morris told the committee the report indicates that volunteer service should continue to be emphasized and civilians should replace military men wherever possible. In addition, he said, the nation should "perfect techniques of remedial training and physical rehabilitation so as to make military service available to every man who wishes it and is able to serve." Morris posed the following j approach as a way of concentrating military service among the 19-20 age class: —All men would be classified as at present by local boards and present deferment rules would be continued. Therefore 19 or 20 year olds would, for the most part, make up most of the class 1A manpower. —For men who want to finish college before serving, de- See DRAFT on Page 7 JUNIOR WINNERS—In the Junior Miss Northeast Arkansas beauty contest at Osceola last night Ton! Butler, 15, a blue-eyed brunette, was crowned junior queen. First alternate was Laura Meadows of Osceola (right). Carol Jane Wilson of Leaehville was sceond alternate. Miss Butler is the daughter-of Mr. and Mrs. Gene Butler of Osceola. Tonight's show at. 7:30 will decide the new Miss Northeast Arkansas. (Courier News Photo) Court Delays Osceola SPA Plan Chancellor Eugene Bradley yesterday enjoined the city of Osceola from condemning right of way for a 50-mile electrical transmission line Hickman Speaker Bob Hickman of Union Life Insurance Co., in Little Rock will be the principal speaker at Friday's meeting of Blythevilte Life Underwriters' Association. The group meets at noon at Goff Hotel. Hickman is president of the Arkansas Association of Life Underwriters and is former president of the Little Rock UoojtrwrUari Iraqi Army Overthrows Government WASHINGTON (AP) -Baghdad radio reported today a revolution apparently ousted the government of Iraq Wednesday night, The Iraqi radio said "the army will assume power" and "the revolution seeks to establish security internally." Official announcements 'on the radio were made in the name of Arif Abdel Razzaq. A man with that name had been Iraq's prime minister for 11 days in September 1965. Baghdad radio went on the air with the news at 9:15 a.m. (EOT). Razzaq's statements were made in the name of the "council of the Revolutionary Command." The statements said that the revoutionary command will support the foreign policy of the United Arab Republic, for nonallgnment and for peaceful coexistence. Razzaq imposed a curfew and closed all airports in Iraq. Baghdad Radio did not say what happened to the president, Maj. Gen. Abdel Rahman Gen. Arif became president last April when his brother, Abdel Salam Mohammed Arif, was killed io « helicopter erwh, across the property of several landowners in order to bring Southwest Power Administration power to Osceola. Bradley delivered his decision in Chancery Court at Osceola yesterday in answer, to a suit brought by several of the affected landowners. These included John Caudili, G. G. Caudili, Jr., Lee Wilson Trusts, Mrs. Dorothy Surles, R. C. Langston, Mrs. Gerald Edward,?, and Mrs. Clem Whistle. At issue, according was the question of Osceola's powers of condemnation of farmland for these purposes. City attorneys indicated af- Third Quake Hits California PASO ROBLES, Calif. (AP)A strong earthquake, the third in three days, has jolted a wide area of central California. It caused little damage, however, because of the remoteness of its epicenter. Seismologists at the University of California recorded the quake at 12:35 p.m. PDT Wednesday and measured its intensity at 5 on the Richter scale. As before, it was followed by a large number of aftershocks. The two previous quakes, originating in the same area of Monterey County about 20 miles northeast of Paso Robles, struck Monday night and caused a two- inch slippage along the San Andreas fault. The same fault caused the disastrous 1906 San Francisco quake, which measured 8,25 Richie?, ter Bradley's decision that they will file an immediate appeal to the state Supreme Court, hoping to get an early hearing during the summer. Holiday Starts On Saturday The long Fourth of July weekend will be even longer for some county, state and federal offices. The court house, the State Revenue Department and the Social Security office, all will close all day Saturday in addition to the Monday holiday. Final hours for the court house will be 4:30 Friday afternoon. Most merchants will observe regular store hours on Saturday. Almost every business establishment will be closed Monday. Smoking Increases Despite Warnings WASHINGTON (AP)-Despite warnings, including those now printed on packages, Americans continue to smoke, smoke, smoke those cigarettes. During the fiscal year which ends today, me Department of Agriculture says Americans, including military forces overseas, consumed a record 534 billion cigarettes, give or take a pack or two. That's 2 bilion more than last year's record. While Americans smoked more cigarettes than ever, there were slight declines, the department reported, in consumption of cigars, small cigars anc pipe tobacco during the past 12 JETS RAID HANOI'S FUEL DUMPS AGAIN By EDWIN Q. WHITE i SAIGON, South Viet Nam (AP) — American bombers attacked Communist fuel depots in the vicinity of Hanoi for the second straight day today, the U. S. command announced. Both Navy and Air Force planes participated in the raids, which hit fuel dumps around the capital of Communist North Viet Nam. • The closest raid today to Hanoi was seven and a half miles from the capital, a U. S. spokesman said. Wednesday, in their closest penetration to Hanoi, Air Force bombers smashed a big fuel depot only three miles from the heart of the city. There was no immediate estimate of the damage done by the raiders. An Air Force spokesman said no Communist MIG jets were sighted and no surface-to-air missiles were fired before the American planes roared away. The raids continued the American strategy designed to deprive the North Vietnamese army of its vital fuel supplies and thus hamper its movement of men and supplies to the Viet Cong in South Viet Nam. Earlier U.S. military officials proclaimed the attacks Wedne day on the fuel depots at Hanoi and Haiphong a spectacular success, and an Air Force general termed them the "most significant, most important strike of the war." "This ought to prove that we can take out any military target we want to, although this is no sign that we will do that," added Maj. Gen. Gilbert L. Meyers, deputy commander of the 7th U.S. Air Force. Today, the U.S. command announced, Navy planes attacked a key radar site 38 miles north of Hanoi and a fuel dump 25 miles north of the capital in the area of Bac Giang, while Air Force F105 Thunderchiefs attacked the Nguyen Khe fuel de- Boat, Truck Tags on Sale If it rolls or floats, chances are it needs a license. Tomorrow, truck and boat licenses go on sale in the State Revenue Department offices on second floor of City Hall tomorrow and will be sold without penalty throughout July. "One change should make boat owners happy," State Revenue Inspector Otis Austin pointed but today. "Their 1965-6S registration will be honored all through July. They won't Jace any fines using it until Aug. 1." All persons who are applying for a boat or truck license must first report to the assessor's office on the first floor of the court house. Regular office hours for the Revenue Department here are 8:30 a.m. until 4:30 p.m. The office will be closed Saturday and Monday. Auto licenses will sell at one- half the normal rate for the remainder of the year, Austin Mid. pot seven and a half miles north of Hanoi and the Viet Tri fuel dump 28 miles northwest of the Red Capital. While Radio Hanoi broadcast GOP Claims McMillan Offers Deal LITTLE ROCK (AP)-Saying they felt a moral responsibility to the Republican Party and to Arkansans, the GOF officials charged Wednesday that Gus McMillan had offered to pull out of the governor's race for $82,000. ' ' "This is not true," McMillan said from his hometown of Sheridan. McMilan's late entry into the governor's race forced the GOP to set up machinery for a statewide GOP primary. McMillan called the action a "dirty tactic, just as rotten as it can be from start to finish." He said it was "an attempt to intimidate me and force me to give up my race for governor. They told me this morning they would do it." The Republicans made the charge at a news conference. The GOP presented a tape recording which Odell Pollard of Searcy, the GOP's general counsel, said carried a conversation between McMillan and Truman Altenbaumer, the party's executive director. In the tape recording a voice which Altenbaumer said was McMillan's said: "You hand me over $80,000 and I'll sign that letter. You give me my ($1,500) fee back, $500 and I'll leave the state." Altenbaumer said the voice was talking about a letter of withdrawal which McMillan had handed him and offered to sign if he was paid. McMillan said be was called to the GOP headquarters Wednesday and told he would be given his filing fee if he would withdraw from the race. "I refused to do so," he said. "Then they shoved me into a room with these other men, and they began to ask me about a thousand questions, incuding some that left the impression that I had asked for $80,000, even though I hadn't done it." McMillan said a tape recording was played "for my benefit," that was "four-fifths not even my voice, and the rest of it was distortion of things I had said at other places and it had been pieced together in such a way as to give a distorted picture of what. I really said." Altenbaumer denied that any offer of any kind was made to McMillan. Pollard said the GOP memo- wt diKiund at length whether McMillan the information should be made public. 'We felt we had a moral responsibility to the Republican Party and the people of Arkansas," he said. "If we did not make theinformation available, we would be doing what we are against." Pollard said the GOP's executive committee will meet soon to discuss whether it should try to get McMillan's name off the ballot. He said he was not sure tbe party had any legal basis for removing McMillan's name and rather doubted that it did. Wayne Babbit of North Little Rock, vice chairman of the state party, said, "If there is a legal way to get him off the ballot, I encourage it." McMillan said he not only did not offer to withdraw, but had no plans whatsoever to get out of the race. "I think the Arkansas people will reject this," McMillan said. "I'm ready to fight for myself, for my people and my state. 'I'm not going to stand for this." McMillan said the tape recording contained "about one or two statements that I had really made, but the rest of it was all false. This is a rigged deal." In the tape, the voice said to be McMillan's, talked at length about the posiibe ambarass- ment to the GOP over a small turnout In tbe party primary when Rockefeller got a large vote in the 1964 general •lec- tion, angry denunciations of the United States, a captured American pilot was paraded through the streets of Hanoi Wednesday night in an open car under the glare of searchlights, and angry crowds shouted "Down with American imperialists!", 'the Soviet News agency Tass- reported from the North Vietnamese capital. " The flier was identified as';Air Force 'Gapt. : Murphy : Neal Jones, 28, of Baton Rouge, La., a 6-foot-2 former Tulane football star who apparently piloted the lone U.S. jet reported lost by American' authorities in the raids. Hanoi Radio said seven planes were shot down.. ; 'The 'Nprtn'. Vietnamese later displayed Jones at t news conference where, standing under kleig lights, Tass quoted him as saying: "I regret very much that I undertook this criminal action against the Vietnamese people." ' In Baton Rouge, a friend who played high school football with Jones, Gus Kinchen, said: "That .doesn't sound. like him. It doesn't sound like a quote to me. He was a loyal-type person and was sensitive about his loyalties." In an interview In Saigon, Gen. Meyers said the fuel dumps, which stored an estimated 60 per cent of North Viet Nam's oil reserves, got "surgical-type target treatment." "This means the holding of civilian casualties to an absolute minimum and putting the bombs right on the money," Meyers said. "It was really an outstanding success. I don't see how it could have been done any better." Forty-six planes did the actual bombing, but many more participated as escort and reconnaissance craft. Four Air Force Thunderchiefs tangled with four Communist MIG17s 25 miles northwest of Hanoi. One of the Soviet-designed planes was believed shot down by cannon fire from an F105 piloted by Maj. Fred L. Tracy of Goldsboro, N.C. The Communist plane disappeared into the clouds after a violent evasive maneuver but U.S. pilots did not see it hit the ground. Malvern Man Killed LITTLE ROCK (AP) - Tommy Coston, 22, of Malvern died Wednesday night of injuries suffered in a two-car collision between Malvern and Arkadelphia on U.S. 270 on May 21. Coston was a student at Ouachita Baptist University at Arkadelphia. Wtather f oncost Clear to partly cloudy with not much change in temperatures through Friday. Scattered thun- ly afternoon and evening thundershowers. High Friday mostly In the 90s. Low tonight 68-74.
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