The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on February 28, 1931 · Page 3
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 3

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Saturday, February 28, 1931
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SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 28, 1931 m,YTHEVILLE. (ARK.) COUHIEH NEWS These Workers Make Money-and Lots of II Russian Workmin. Enjoys Prestige Hut Has Fewi Personal Rights BY EUGENE United I'rots Stall CoiKsponsltnl MOSCOW. Feb. 28. tUP>— Tlu •working class has been lilted u power by the Rtr.sir.n lirolml-in. The whole Bolshevik Stale is run m its name and dedicated to Us service. The very word "rabLiU-hi"— workingman—rings in Soviet ears like n litlc of ncliility. The power and Ui3 glary, hsv. 1 - tver, are largely collective things. The worker, as an inciividmi, n-.v, for Ilic lime being lost what is no.-- mally his fundamental risht. tlr: right to chcose Ins own job an.! place pf employment. He has become part of a hi»: army which is maneuvered by !.::• highest organs of the Communes: Party, as required by Ch2 great v^ar for indiistmlteirn; this country. Present Mobilization ' • Masses of workers are thrown where necessary lo reinforce a weak sector of the economic front, sliili- PAfiE THRRK cd to new positions or pressed to | Thcrc nre '[ cw money-makers anywhere who can comjare with the workers at Hit British mint in London, eWencIes of tTie'^ivc-Ycin^Vh'' i and ' llcrc sr<: photos showing how the shilling—the Polish silver piece that ranks approximately with the At this svrlllng, for instance, mo- ! American 25-cent piece—is tuiiu'd out. At Ihe tr.lt a worker runs silver strips through a cutting machine men and men blllzatlon of all former transport | that cuts out the new coins. Above, at (he risht, siorkc.'3 a:a ::rt!ng the new shillings for defects. Below the Rondmii'it from page one) 85 acres near the Joiner well anil plans Intensive drilling operations. Thousands of fortune hunters have r "-ed here from nil parts of the cv, .itry. Representatives of large oil concerns, oil scouts. IP.™ seekers. unemployed and hangers- on are present from Jar mid ivlclf. LoiiKvicw. lislrd' In lhi> 1930 census with a population of 6025. .siij-; dcniv finds itself a city of M.OOO. KIlBore, a village of a couple of hundred, now boasts a pOj>i:!ullon of nearly 10.000. Henderson, nearest town to the Joiner well, has alxml an equal number, while a typical oil town of about WOO has spuing up near the well niul christened itself "Joinervlllc." tangs-lew ho'.els are overllawlnz aixl itie newest and lurgesl hotel already Is starling work on a G-l- room addition, while plans for n 10-Mcry 500-rooin hostelry have been announced. Every 'vacant uuUdltiK has boon occupied, and plans are under way for s;vcral large office bulldtnjjs. Eicrts of Workfi-* White there are already 14 producing wells In tho area, moit of them in the Jolntr section, there is still an excess of oil field work- workers is under way. They aru | sh'lHins Pre bein being torn out cf accustomed pi:-,; and assigned to service on the rail- I roads. It has nil the onlsvnrd appearance of a military conscription, j leaving the recruit no choice bu; | to register and accept service and ' "providing penalties lor evaders^ As far as possible Ihe government seeks to give men and women the work whic hthey desire and for which they are especially jaalifiej. I It, would be stupid not lo do s-j.' Bui the need of the Stale is Ine determining factor nlways: Uie in-j dividual has a choice bttsveen the j "ork assigned and starvation. • .Considerations This system must be viewed from t the Soviet angle, againt the back- j ground of a i>eople only recently freed from an o!d autocracy ami In the midst of a vast historical undertaking. Here are a few thiujs to consider, ^ One. The freedom of labor enjoyed by workers under the capi- veiched in ba^s. Each of the bags shov.ii contain;American moiuy. -^ f coins worth 100 pounds—$500 in Lifters Rain or Shine •ers by"'nor ' at i Klt " llc ;l --sm'ance of weath condi- linz at wo-s't a tions any more favorril)le thiul IVIIS, ill \SU.fll. a I tl _ . . ..„„_ ,. ., rj...,,,, ;„ With vivid recollection of the •vorrt driiught in the history of talist system seems to the Coin- ! nnr countr l'. »•»" hundreds of our munisU;. and to the majority of ' " :c - :e ri "! x ' n ' lc!u W- n charity.and the Russian workers best a relative thing, „, ,, W;}1 „ , . delusion. They argue that with the '• tilosc ol iasL ycar ' exception of a small aristocracy ot iacor. workers everywhere, in' the world Uike what job is available and are glad ennugh to get it. "Your freedom of labor," 'they insist, "is in the long-r'un Just me freedom to starve if preferrc-d." That is the burden of the song in the Soviet press. Widespread un- emtloyment now provides the tune ready lo the South is pilch another with a triumphant accompaniment. | r , 0 , t f., „„„•„,.,,, T.^rt Tl.« C^.-I^i II-:...- 1^.... I ^""^ e*- 1 "--'- 1 - those o! eetlinj cirp. .What will the harvest be? A heavier burden of debt bringing wilh it yid^r spread poverty and distress? Or will il bn a generous measure cf the prosperity and contentment that will abound throughout the South- when the balanced farming methods so known and advocated to- Two. The Soviet Union Considers itstlf in a stutc uf civil war, fighting against enormous odds for the establishment of a new social order. The labor forces arc its army and the need for its proper deployment with, absolute discipline for hhc individlusl snMter—is from that point of view incILspulable. Ii is a national duty. Three. If labor is a conscripted army, al least it is the most pampered army ever mobilized. It has the world's most comprehensive social insurance, a universal eisht- hour day quickly being reduce;! to seven hours, the best pf what- the country possesses (although that is still small enough by outside standards), vacations with full pay, etc. Above all, it has won a new seii- rcspect which means so much more here, where chattel slavery is only a thing of yesterday. Four. The whole procedure has a stamp of approval by the working elements as a whole, if not by individuals, which makes it voluntary In the larger collective ssr.sa. An upwelling of enthusiasm In t^e k ranks of the ordinary workers ha-; made possible the Industrial victories which surprised the world and raised the cry of "dumpip.j; Wherever-the Five-Year Pbn is being rushed to completion there arc "shock brigades," setting the pace for their comrades; there is "socialist competition:" gencMllv an intensive drive to fulfill plans Plan Sold A good deal of this enthusiasm is no doubt artiflcinlly stimulated Yet a prolonged view of thc-c liM years of strain reveals clearly thit the government has "so'd" th" Five-Year plan to its population. It has been shouldered by the active decisive minority of the working class In a spirit of self-sacrificing patriotism and the rest o! the workers have naturally followed. Tlic collective gains by t^e new ruling class are being paid for by collective sacrifices. It all enters in• • tq ^he price the country is paying for its projected future. Tlie hard work, the shortage of fcod and goods, a hundred privations anc.' limitations upon human freedom— these are accepted as an investment for the near future. Whether the investment is safe and profitable lime will show. In (he interim this point of view makes hardship more bearable. It provides a' reasonable explanation for current discomforts. I Talk to an Intelligent worko- f ^ cr e and he will not conceal his '• lrf iiblos. He is more likely to ex- "uSerate them. But in the end h; Misfortune in one form or an- oihe- is pretty sure to overtake tis alt sooner or later, bul it takes a powerful wallop to knock the out of Southern farmers who "live at home and board at (he sam opiate." They are generally in shape to take the floods and '.'-ugh's as they come: \Viiy is il that si m.-.ny Southern farmers will ^t out in the cotton patch before sunup and hoe and plow as long as they can see, while' hay crops spoil, weeds Sake the. ;ardcr.<; and livestock starves for' lac!: of feed and water? Even if; they make any mr-ney cut of the] cctton that they slave over, they have to turn right around and spend it for the things they let go to waste The scarcity of money and the tightness of credit, this Spring, bid fair to f"rce the reduction of acreage devoted to cotton and other so-called "money crops," thus les- rening the danri?r of over produc- ti-n. But the reduction of acre- ^ign will no Icnjer be an issue when our farmers concern themselves first of all with making the living on t'ri! farm. M. I-. H3nccck, of Upson County, Gco7?ia, has been fanning for thirty years and has yet to buy a bushel of corn or a piece of meal. And it has not been a case ofdoing without, either. His firm feeds seventy-two people, fourteen head of w.rk sleek, thiriy head of caltlc and fifty (o seventy-five head of hogs, and S-IO w!l cov-;r his annual grovcry bill. And J. W. Moore, of Tift County Georgia, hasn't had to buy feed but once during the 43 vears that he his been farn.ins. The other forty-two years he has| ha' Besides showing his name and address, the business card used >y Farm Agent G. O. Smith, of Salon Rcugc. La., bears Ihe following ucod-huiiiarcil but veiy- miich-lo-the-poini comment: "THE SOUTHERN FARMER" " The average Southern farmer gets up to the alarm of a Connecticut deck, buttons Chicago «i?jv;nders to a pair of Detroit overalls, washes his face with Cincinnati soap, site dovm to a Grand Rapids table, cats Chicago meat and Mihnesof>| flour cooked on a Sears-Roebuck stove, goes cut to his barn and puts a New York bridle on Missouri mule fed with Colorado alfalfa and Kansas oats; plows impoverished land covered by a Vermont mortgage v.'ilh an Indiana plow, in an effort to make cotton for Key England gamblers to speculate When bedtime com.es, he rends a chapter in a BiWe printed in Boston, says a prayer w-ritten in Jerusalem, crawis under a New Bedford blanket, only to be awakened by the bari; cf a hound dog. the only home product, on the farm. Then he wonders v;hy in the hex he can't make money raising cotton." "This litlle skit was handed to me by a friend. It may tc a litlle bit overdrawn, but con tains suzsesticns for a lot of sound thinking. Hens. h<-gs, milk cows, feed crops, a-home i£?rden and orchard coupled with soil improvements is the h:-; Insurr.ncc thjre is a'ainst a harp cupboard and the inability to buy baby a new dress in which to get dirty on Sunday. "A fertile s~il menus a pros- percus people. Get greater yields from smailcr fields. . . . improving the soil is like courting a widow, you cannot overdo It . . . Insane people do not cooperate, neither do shiftless farmers. ... It is no rarder to farm than ir is lo hunt cr fish 2nd there is as much sport in the one as there is in the other If we t^ke that view of it. . Safe farming—safo eating." ing the Richmond County Board o! Agriculture, met at the Office o! vised to stay away. However, the more experienced are rapidly finding work us the new drilling pro- lects nrc startde. The laytn; of tour pipe lines into the held to handle the oil output Is giving employment lo hundreds, Work 0:1 three refineries is expected (3 slart soon. Along with the development ol the oil field has come the problem of overproduction, which lias le: to a number of meetings by oil operators Interested in prorallou. which has been In cflect ui Texas oil fields for several months under supervision of (he railroad commission. Alarmed at (lie prospect of oil from the. new field, those oil Honor North Carolina Senator volvcd'In a murder Injtead;. The pathetic, little clerk blossoms .out bravely, wins several thousand marks in a gambling 'hall, and nulto unexpectedly finds himself running off with the stenographer.' Atitt the war veterans tetters feebly through every scene, surrounded by a vibrant and eventful life in which • he can take no part, condemned lo boredom on the sidelines. All of this, basically, is pure melodrama. But Miss Baum has a very effective way of getting under all of these iwoplo's siclns. fn turn, yon fcl the yearning of the llttb clerk, the restless daring of tho thief, Ihe despondency of the dancer. th3 confused groping of the in- • diistrlalisl. and Ihe boredom of th; | war veteran. As a-result (he b;o!: < has an appeal that Is miltc out of i! the ordinary, and makes \c:y :-n!, lertalnlng reading. || It Is ottered by Doubloday. Dr.ran I;A Co. at »2.W. H is the Febniiry choice of the Book of the Month Chit. lI)eBt!;ied for u j.luco ir. Ilio rotunda of tho eniiltcl at Wn-ili V C., Is this bust o( former Senator Claude Kliclici, of Kor ' ililiiition ° I tiiatoiu', IUIUOUH IntoriiaUoun] tjeslde his.work, THE BOOK SURVEY show, For » N'cw I'oint.cf Vlr.w on n Great | Tlic plan failed uccailso Wilson's l-'iRiirc, Hcail "Wllsire ' health broke down. Mr. Wells bc- i THE .GOLD RUSH WITH I Till'. fil.OSS KIHWKU OFF. i "Tlie Course of Empire" pro vicici a series of first-hand glimpses ci the great California gold rush of • '49. Vnleska Barl has taken ox-'. tracts from a dozen or more articles published by writers of that day and has tied them together in book which makes that 'colorful em real and vivid. ' ,.' : i Not all of the quotations show thj 49-ers as heroes. The old Span'-- ard, for example, saw them as a horde of unscrupulous pirates bent on pillage. The man who actually found tho first traces of gold at (Uid th« Unknown"— Y o u I'rubably | lleves that If the ninn had retained ' Won't Agree With 11, Hut It Con-'] his physical vigor he would have tains Some . Interesting Thccrlt- .fiuceeded. Ho would have been our llrst. third-term president, the Democratic parly would have become BY BRUCE CATTON NKA Service Writer For n startling new explanation of the tragic downfall of Woodrow Wilson, I suggest that you read "Wilson the Unknown," written by an unnamed New York lawyer who uses thu |x>n name of Wells Wells. This writer, in brief, explains Wilson somewhat as follows: Wilson took office as (he head at a minority parly. To cairy out his liberal policies he had lo be reelected in 1010; but in tlic ordinary who wnnt the impending produc-! course of things he was tound to tion curtailed have urged that J ' defealed. Hence he used the thu majority party for at least Imlf a ccntuiy, and world history In the last ilccnde would have been much smoother and happier all around. It Is relalkcly easy to pick Haws In this theory, I suppose; but at any rate it is extremely interesting, and certainly provides one will, a new angle of vision on Wilson. The uook is published by Scrlb- ners, ami sells at $2.GO; "GRAND HOTKL" A NICELY DUKSSKD-UI" MELODRAMA. "Grand Hotel" Is really a melodrama. pure and simple. V.'hal Sutlers' Mill lias a sad story to tsll, likewise, of rapacity and lawless- • ness. Various "argonauts" whc wow among the first lo come to the'njw empire have left bitter accounts of their disillusionment. The founder' of Ihe Vigilantes has a good deal to soy about crime and corruption.. But If the book takes a little o! the tinsel off of ti profoundly • in- lercstlng epoch In American' history it is, for that very reason, nil the more valuable. It shows one • the gold rush as.lt looked at the 1 time, before Iho romancers had had lime to prettify, ft. It cannot de-. siroy Its true color and excitement. 'The Cm.rsc of Empire" Is published by Cownrd-McCann and costs $4. . plan for orderly development be "kept us out of war" slc^au, even ] make* it worth while Is lhi> unusu- evopment e , adopted and tmve been strongly op- j though he knew thai America must posed by a group that wants the j eventually enter the w.ir; and he area fully exploited. deferred this entry lulu the war Advocates of Immediate proratlon declare that the apparently great simply to get, a chance to bring the nation in on his own terms. per year, but that the sum cf S3,«2.72<; was being paid out per vnir for (ho corn, wheat, oats, hay, potatoes, beef, pork, milk, poultry ar.d egg; that the county should but did not prcduce. A balanced funning program was adopted [ fleld threatens to drive the price of Th(! defeat ot Russia and the " down. The opposition demands' anti-submarine campaign gave him Ihe chance. America went lo war. Then the war was won and Wdaon went to Paris. There he tied the peace treaty and ihe League of Nations covenant together inextrlcv Famous Serlo Organ ._ to be Heard Again al sympathy and tenderness with EMBRYONIC REPORTERS BUSK IvfADlSON, WIs. (UP)— Unlversi- • Five, of the 136 students enrolled sorted people.: o slick Jewel thief planning n b!g Job, a worn-out llt- lle clerk who Is lie-ill on.'havlng one final fling teforc he dies, a maimed veteran ol the World War. a pompous industrialist, an aging danscuse. :v young stenographer who wistful- In the sophomore reporting clan this year exceeded 500 inches each" and two wrote over 1,000 Inchjj. Most of the copy appeared .In Wisconsin papers. • • which MBTHUEN, Mass. (UP)—The ia- bly—not bcca.uk! he was out-gen- ' ly sighs after luxury and doesn't eralcd by shrewd Europeans, but 1 care greatly how she gets It. because he wished It to. tor rea-' The thief tries to rob the'dancer sons of his o\vn. land ends by falling In, lovo with Both the covenant mid the treaty ] her liiinsclf. The industrialist g;nerally carried out.imous Serlo organ, built imperfect. Wilson | his alfairs tangled, plans lo elopo cannot fail to correct the deplorable ccndiUons that havg resulted from the one-crop sys'tem. But, as the committee wisely pointed • out, the j'nb is too big for Just a few soon will be heard a?aln. The huge musical instrument, which has S.flM pipes only nine of which are mut«. has been pur-, cruised by ErneU M. Skinner of 185 *> knew It, ^nd was not dismayed. It I with the stenographer and gels ih- wns his Idea that America, by tak- ——, workiue alone, and the program; West Newton from Mrs. Lillian W. will not succeed unless It has the,Andrew of this town. wlio!e-!iearted support oi every Richmond County citizen. Officials tf the National City Bank, of Rome, Ga., recently More than »MO,OM was paid for the orpih and Serlo Hall, which houses it. Tho org»n once was part of the them mikes a regular practice of the food and feed required on his farm. 1 Half Moon School with ttie ottier orchestral instruments. Skinner plans to have, the used in a concert program organ soon. Dormitory Named For WILUAMSBURO. Va. <UP)_ Those pupils who met honor rolH Tll » new women's dormitory at Wllr requirements are: Rena Youn?, j Ham and Mary Collegs will be r.fartha Polk. Jimmy Buck. Max- named Chandler Hall In honor of !ne Holland. Ora Lee Hawkins, Francella Faught. Juanita Gaines, ,lamic D. Polk. B. F. ;Gay Jr., Es- I I her Haskiiis. Mildred Vlnston. T. i C Hawkins. Hazel Galnes. Primar! ies: James Alexander, Lealous Jr-nos and J. L. Holland. The school wishes to thank Mr. Kcedlmn Jones for plowing the schoil garden and W.-H. Richardsen for contributing the wire for President J. A. C. Chandler. Ing an energetic- part In the league's activities, could remedy both matters. But it could not do that with anyone but himself as pfesitUnt. Consequently, as early aj 1DI8, vU'son was alter a tlilril term. Meanwhile, in the congressional elections ot 1918, he nrrmed -the country by asking for a Demccrat- ic Congress. Why- Because he was poor politician? No. says Mr. Wells—because lie was a superlatively good one. He knew Iherc would be a terrific reaction from war-time loyalty to the administration. He wanted this reaction to come In the 1918 election, so that by 1920 the pendulum could swing back the other way and make a Democratic, victory possible. Then the treaty of Versailles came up in the Senate, and was defeated. Tills again, says cur author, was Wilson's own doing. He wanted the treaty bealcn—so that he coukt go to the country with it f,,,*tn<, in, • i . n ^ ^ P T ry , rCOn! hiv f|l"nch to Misses Outlaw, Mcllaney, already had a nice donat.on of nrn , proved wading material is sub- milted ., .... , wwii* gu \*j LUC wuiiuy mill ll, u~> Mrs. Hargelt had as her guests, his Issue in 1920. Furthermore.'if Thursday of last week. Miss Out-,the treaty was beaten the countrv law and Miss McHancy, Primary wou i d slll | be at wnr n ,, d lhc , teachers in Ihe Blythevllie school |tUUotl Ja ,. s womd slll| tc „, „„;.,., t-nrir it it,? m ^J^ °^? n ' C i, r i—»'hlch would give a campaigning ^served Helices' £#»**«* * ™»» ° f **•*•»"« INFLUENZA SPREADING Check Cohls at once Vvith t566 Tnke it 'aa"a"preventive 1 . •• Use 666 Salve Jor Babies.' COAL and FEED Kentucky and Alabama Red Ash Coals.. Delivered Anywhere. Hay, Ear Corn, O^ts, Mixed Feed. ''Special Prices on Car Lots.. C. L. Bennett & Co. Phone 64 Chicago Mill A^ Lumber Corporation Washington-Lincoln pro- feeds. ! The i sram rendered last Friday render, crl last Friday was well attended. • The eighth grade class met In n business session Tuesday aftpr i iclicol to discuss plans j cloiug exercises. I Evcrjone enjoyed the Valentine j party very nucfv Mrs. Hargett and j r.?r pupils -.vere guests of the ad| vanred ro-m. At the close of the 1 ]:nrty, dainty cookies Vs'cre served. ad a sm-Dlus Mr. Moore says hsi been «niply demonstrated that Esll!cr "askms, member of the exnects 1931 to be another good t're in the South with n ur almost n " nh g rat ' c c 1 ^. ''*« b« n chosen w?r 'or him h' car nround t'rcwlnj season it i s i librarian for the last semester. Q 'ir. \, 'hn Ohir, Sfile' an easv mt " !er lo nnk c *he gar- 1 Three "Good Lilerature" clubs Specialise at .he Oh » State. dcn thani "«« fccm f° r 'ncd. Joseph Port- University have est mated ,hat the | [hat Q AbN t| sumter S.i ^ "r.d Ted Brock are President !?a"^3^thT'4ct^es each C., for example, has flsu ,c, to.how •"«! L™>' '"the eighth _grade vear. This figure wmild seem to indicate that a gooi Burden Is easily worth as much as five to ttn acres of average cotlon. But it has will probably say what one said to me recently: "At least we in the Soviet Union have something to look forward U>. We suffer for a purpose. What little there is in Ihe counlry is divided equally among us all. But what have your unemployed In America to lock forward to? They can hug their precious freedom of labor to an empty stomach and watch their lucKer countrymen living In plenty." MONDAY: Real Russian Ruler the Soviet Parly. that last year he sold $1,320.30 and T - c - Hawkns ttnd Maxine ivorth and canned 6'il quarts of Holland for the sixth and B. F. products from his one and one- Oa >' i r " an(1 Hftzcl Galnes for the half acres. He cleared more from fourth grades. A record of all out- his garden than he did from his £lde reading Is kept and only np- flve-i'orse farm- : . And tfo possibilities of cash pro- i fits from the garden are by no means the most important inducements. Mrs. N. L. Couch, another South Carolina gardener. Is proud of the fact that from her quarter- acre garden last yenr she sold S7G4.39 worth of products .canned' 203 quarts, and made 1.870 servings f'r a family of six. But she says Ihe health and happiness which | she and her family derived fromj the garden cannot ts measured In; dollars and cents. i and Hodges. Mrs. B. F. Gay sent hot chocolate for the lunch. Both rooms have been drawing tulips and jonquils In their drawing periods this week. for "the Mlss Turner, County supervisor,1 spent Thursday afternoon visiting i the advanced room. The first two; periods she spent in helping us, with our art program- The rest of, the afternoon she "listened in" on' our history, engllsh and geography: recitations. Other shcool visitors for this: n-.onth were: B. P. Gay, Mrs. Buckj Mrs. Hanr.on. Mrs. Hawkins, Mrs. Jones, Mr. and Hrs. Shaneyfelt,' Mrs. Portlock, Mrs B. F. Gay,! Samuel O'neal, William Billings and Mrs. Henry Buck. Teachers—| Elva Hodges and Cassie Caldvell Hargett. Read Courier News want ads In November of last year a group: • r hone 315 of representative farmers, compris-j ^.----—--_-,_ ; ^. Free Brake Testing On our modem Rayhcstos Brake Testing Machine, under the expert supervision of Roy Willis. The finest brake service between Memphis and St. Louis. Dixie Service Station Ash & Broadws? ATTENTION The Foreign Wars « Will help you make out applications and notes for your adjusted service pay, or any other help you need. Service Office MTV UAII Ul I I llHLL Arkansas

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