Clarion-Ledger from Jackson, Mississippi on April 15, 1955 · Page 1
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Clarion-Ledger from Jackson, Mississippi · Page 1

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Jackson, Mississippi
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Friday, April 15, 1955
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Page 1
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FRIDAY FORECAST ' Fair and mild. Expected low 52$ expected high 80. THURSDAY RECORD High 75 at 4p.m., low 54 at 5 a.m. Pearl River at Jackson 29.8 feet, up 4.2. Mississippi River at Vicksburg 36 feet, down 0.5. AMUSEMENTS Pagt 17, See. I CLASSIFIED ADS .... Pcqci 5-7, Sec. Ill COMICS Pages 14-15, See. I EDITORIAL Page 12, Sec. I MISSISSIPPI NOTEBOOK. . Page 8, Sec. I RADIO LOG Poge 17, Sec. I SOCIETY Paget 5 & 13, Sec. I SPORTS Pages 1-3 & 8, See. Ill TV LOGS Page 16, Sec. I Mississippi's Leading Newspaper For More Than A Century SUNNY Established 1837 5c PER COPY Jackson, Mississippi, Friday Morning, April 15, 1955 VOL. CXVI I NO. 359 Full AP end INS Report INDEX Vss ssO i t f - -- Possible Storm Victims - Six Men Feared NATCHEZ. Miss.. April 14 tft Six men were reported missing tonight and fears arose they were in two cars which plunged off a flood-wrecked bridge 18 miles south of here. Relatives of P. 0. Brady. 33-year old salesman from Baton Rouge, La., said he left here shortly before the Homochitto River tore out a section of the Highway 61 bridge yesterday afternoon. Brady failed to arrive on schedule at Woodville, Miss. Fire chief W. J. Druetta. head of the fescue operations, said five Natchez oil field workers had been reported missing. He said they were believed to have been in a Czech Students Obtain Freedom Fly Their Plane To West Germany REGENSBURG. Germany, April 14 UP) Two Czech students sought asylum in the West tonight after a flight from communism in a stolen sports plane. Karel Kucera, 20, of Prague, and Zdnek Nachmilner, 19, of Fisver- able, crashlanded their single-engine plane in a Bavarian farm field shortly after dawn today. There was less than a gallon of gas left in the tank but their flight had taken them 45 miles inside West Germany. U. S. officials took them to Nuernberg for questioning, the usual procedure before details of such escapes are made public. A startled German farm woman was the first to speak to them. She was on her way to chores in the field when the tiny, German-made plane landed. "We are not Communists," one of them told her in German. "We stole this plane last night in Czechoslovakia. Please tell us where the nearest police station is. We want to ask for political asylum." The flight of the two young Czechs was the latest in a series of bizarre escapes from Communist Czechoslovakia. On May 12, 1954, a shivering 23-year-old Czech, wearing only shorts, landed a stolen plane at the U. S. Army training grounds at Grafenwoehr. A year earlier, three Czechs took over an airliner at pistol point and made the pilot fly to the West. Twenty-three aboard the plane were returned to Czechoslovakia at their own request Others have escaped by commandeering a train, and one group fled in a "freedom tank," made out of an armored car. Republicans Argue Question Of Corsi Dulles To Testify During Next Week WASHINGTON, April 14 CD Democrats sat back and watched Republicans argue today as a Senate subcommittee announced public hearings will open tomorrow in the controversy over Edward Corsi's ouster as State Department adviser on refugee problems. Sen. Langer (R-ND), chairman of a Judiciary subcommittee investigating Corsi's charge of "scandalous failure" in carrying out the refugee program, said Secretary of State Dulles will be invited to testify, "very likely next week." He also said one witness will be called from the White House, but declined to identify him or specifically to say whether it might be Max Raab, President Eisenhower's adviser on the problems of minority groups. Eoth have been interviewed at closed door sessions, Corsi today and McLeod yesterday. Langer said after today's session that the tow were in "very sharp disagreement" as to how the special refugee relief act has worked. Two Republican Congress members defended the State Department's handling of the program and a third criticized it. Siding with McLeod were Sen. Watkins of Utah, a member of Langer's subcommittee, and Rep. Bow of Ohio. Sen. Ives lined up behind Corsi, a fellow New Yorker, saying he had been "disappointed in the prolonged delays" in carrying out the program. 11 Russian Editors Balk At Fingerprints, Miss "Boat To America WASHINGTON, April 14 Ml - Eleven Russian editors who waited nearly a year for permission to enter the United States missed their boat . today as a result of balking at being fingerprinted. However, the State Department laid it still expects them to come. Reported Missing, Lost In Homochitto car on Highway 61 at the time of the bridge washout. Dragging operations began this morning but rescue workers failed to find anything. A diver came from New Orleans tonight to help in the search. The National Guard at Camp Shelby, Miss., sent searchlights and boats and other equipment. A pipeline worker from Vidalia, La., J. E. Lay, saw the cars plunge into the river near Natchez. Lay said he escaped the same fate by four feet. He said he tried to stop the other two cars, which were approaching from the opposite end of the bridge, by waving a sweat shirt One driver apparently never saw Late Thursday night, two am phibious "Ducks" from the National Guard armory at Camp Shel by were en route to the search scene, along with other Guard equipment. The searchers were preparing to use new grappling hooks made in Natchez Thursday when it was found the original hooks could not grasp an unidentified object found beneath the water. Highway patrolmen continued to mount guard at both ends of the collapsed bridge as they have continuously done since the span was wrecked. the signal. The second jammed on bis brakes too late. "I waved as hard as I could and hollered .... They just went straight out into the water and out of sight." Lay said he didn't see the cars cr occupants again. Heavy rains brought on the high waters which caused three other bridges in Adams County to collapse. Rivers and creeks in south Mis sissippi, southeastern .Louisiana and parts of Alabama passed flood stage as the result of the heavy rains the last several days. Damage will run into hundreds of thousands. Sixteen schools with 12,500 pu pils in the Orichard, Ala. area, near Mobile, closed today to help conserve water. Another 2,500 chil dren were kept from school in Mo bile County by high water. The critical water situation at Prichard developed when rampaging creeks poured into the water plant. Officials said the flood conditions in southeast and soutn Louisiana are "getting worse." A threat of more rain for Mis sissippi noverea over tne tiooa-stricken state. It probably will fall Saturday and Sunday. "People ought to plan on that," the Jackson weather bureau said. "They might be hoping against hope that there won't be any more ram" Cities and towns along the Pearl, Leaf and Chickasawhay Rivers in Mississippi saw the rivers climb above flood stage during the last 24 hours. More is coming. Columbia, already hit by a flash flood rolling down a creek Tuesday night and yesterday morning, saw the Pearl River stand at five feet above flood stage at noon. The riv er is expected to crest at 25 feet April 17, eight feet above flood stage. The Leaf River is expected to crest at Hattiesburg tomorrow about one foot above flood stage. The river reached 21.2 feet this morning. Flood stage is 22.5 feet. On the Chickasawhay, the water will crest at near flood stage at Enterprise, Shubuta and Waynesboro. The Bogue Chitto River rose to 15.6 feet at noon today, already 4.6 feet above flood stage and expected to crest at 17 feet tonight. The Tombigbee River, which Paul B. Johnson's Hat's in the Ring LUCEDALE. April 14 Paul B. Johnson. Jr., of Hattiesburg, told a crowd at a Lucedale livestock auction Thursday that he is a candidate for governor. Although it had been generally expected for some time that John son would enter the gubernatorial race, Thursday's statement was his first public declaration of bis intentions. He told those attending the auc tion that: "We are putting a great deal of emphasis on industrial growth In Mississippi and this is good. However, from the state level we must encourage and continuously promote the agnculural and livestock growth of Mississippi. Our state has the largest cattle population of any state east of the Mississippi River and south of the Ohio River, but the type of the cattle being raised here must be improved. We must offer a better breed and a better finish for sale at the auctions. flooded much of northeast Missis sippi last month, edged past flood stage at Aberdeen today but weath er forecasters did not expect the situation to become serious. The Pascagoula River passed flood stage at Merrill at 11 a.m. today. It stood at 22.4 feet, only .4 feet above flood stage. It will go higher before cresting, the weather bureau, said. The Pearl River, standing 12 feet above flood stage at Jackson, was expected to crest there tonight with no great damage. Downstream, it is expected to. go 10.5 feet above flood stage at Monticello; eight feet over at Columbia, and 5.4 feet over at Bogalusa, La. Cook Heading For Southern Home Town Paper Spreads Report HATTIESBURG, Miss., April 14 CP The Hattiesburg American said today Dr. R. C. Cook, gen eral manager of the State Times newspaper in Jackson, will return to Mississippi Southern. In Jackson, Dr. Cook said he was completely surprised by the report. The American said the Board of Trustees of Institutions of Higher Learning will re-elect Dr. Cook president of the Hattiesburg school. The board is scheduled to meet April 21. The newspaper did not give the source of its information. Dr. Cook resigned the presidency of Mississippi Southern last fall to assume his present post with the new Jackson newspaper. He became general manager of the newspaper Jan. 1. "I am happy to know my friends in Hattiesburg want me to return," he said. "Beyond this, I have no information on which to base any further comment and I am completely engrossed in the challenging job here at the State Times." Dumas Milner. president of Citizens Publishing Co. which publish es the State Times, said if Cook has decided to return to Southern, "it's without our knowledge." The editor of the newspaper, Norman Bradley, said there was "nothing" to the rumor. Under a front page streamer, "Southern Cook-ing again," the American's story said: "For the past few months he (CookKhas been swamped with requests to come back to Southern. He finally agreed to the suggestion and his availability was conveyed to the board. "When the trustees meet on April 21 Dr. Cook's name will be the only one to be presented. Inter views which had been planned with other applicants for the Southern presidency have been held up pending expected action." The newspaper said it had been unable to reach Dr. Cook by tele phone. Rumors that Dr. Cook was returning became so strong today on the school's campus that Wimpy's, the college grill, was serving free coffee, the newspaper said. Dr. R. A. McLemore has been acting president of Southern. Germans To Rebuild Community Shelters BONN, Germany, April 14 WV Three thousand of the giant community shelters Germany had in World War II are to be rebuilt under a civil defense plan. The shelters are in cities considered prime targets in any future war. "In my campaign for governor I shall advocate the construction of a large coliseum in Jackson or some other central location where the 4-II club members, FFA and all other farm organization members and all persons interested in the display of livestock may show their best cattle, sheep, hogs, horses, chickens, etc. "The large state show would be the follow-up to all the county and district shows each spring." t'As the situation is now, we have our county and district shows and this is the end, unless we try to show in Louisiana, Texas or somewhere else. The state show would be open to all of our people and a rodeo could be held in conjunction with the show, which would make the entrance fees extremely small. The show at Fort Worth this year attracted over 400,000 people. This large building could also be used for all large public functions and sporting events. It would pay for itself in a few years." Ike's Boys Ask An Extension Of U.S. Wage Law Minimum Pay Of 90 Cents Recommended By ROWLAND EVANS JR. WASHINGTON, April 14 WV-The Eisenhower administration asked Congress today to apply the mini mum' wage to 2,200,000 more work ers and raise the minimum to 90 cents an hour from 75. Secretary of Labor Mitchell re sisted all efforts by Sen. Douglas (D-Ill), chairman of a Senate Labor subcommittee, to put him on record as personally favoring an increase to $1 or more. Strong sympathy has been ex pressed by Northern members of Congress for the $1 figure. Some senators of both political parties are supporting a $1.25 wage floor, the goal for which the AFL and CIO are fighting. Hearings on the political issue started today and may continue before the Douglas subcommittee for three or four weeks. Mitchell, choosing his words carefully, said it was the admin istration's "serious recommenda tion" that Congress consider exten sion of coverage to multistate r e t a i 1 . establishments, such as chain grocery stores; to employes of chain hotels and motion picture theaters; and to some 150,000 em ployes engaged in wholly intrastate work but whose employers are principally in the interstate field. "No sound reason appears why the act (Fair Labor Standards Act) should not apply throughout these businesses which are controlled on an interstate basis," Mitchell said. The present 75 cent minimum applies to 24 million workers Mitchell said. A 15-cent boost would mean immediate higher pay checks for 1,300,000 workers now making less than 90 cents an hour. Mitchell said the cost of living since 1950, when the 75-cent floor was set, has increased 13 per cent. A new minimum of 90 cents, he testified, would more than compensate for that cost-of-living increase. Douglas said a 90-cent wage would give a wage-earner with four persons to support less than one half the amount he would need in many areas of the country ac cording to Bureau of Labor Statis tics figures. But Mitchell said the minimum is by no means the "prevailing" or average wage. "I think it is important to keep in mind that the statutory minimum is intended as a floor under wages not as a prevailing wage and not as a substitute for collec tive bargaining or employer-em ploye negotiations" on wages. 164,367,000 Persons Is U. S. Populafon WASHINGTON, April 13 (INS) The Census Bureau today estimated the total population of the United States, including armed for ces overseas, at 164,367,000 on March 1. This figure represented an in crease of 13,235,000 or 8.8 per cent since April 1, 1950, the date of the last census, and an increase of 2,825,000 or 1.7 per cent during the past year. No 'Dummy' Polio Shots In Mississippi Last Year Riley To you parents who might be worried whether your child got a "dummy" polio vaccine shot last year in Mississippi anywhere quit worrying. Not a SINGLE "Dummy" vaccine shot was administered in Mississippi. Dr. George Riley. Jackson and Hinds County health officer, is authority for this statement. He asked the C 1 a r 1 o n Ledger to make this clear to the anxious parents, some of whom have telephoned h 1 m about whether their offspring got "dummy" shots as was the case in other states. "Tell 'em." Dr. Riley said, "that EVERY vaccine shot was a real Salk polio vaccine shot. There were NO dummies in Mississippi." FIRE ALARMS Since 12:01 a. m. Thundir 7:23 a. m. 2210 Peale; falae. 6:32 D. m. Owen Drlv.In. Rail. lv. neon alsn. POLICE ARRESTS Since 12:01 a. m. Thunday Total 8. Drunk it Invrstiiiatlon of crand larceny 1 i working without a health per mit 1; viniatin liquor law z. CITY TRAFFIC ACCIDENTS Since S a. m. Thursday Total 2. Auto-motor acnotpr li auto. truck 1. WJT For M Governor Calls LEAC Meeting To Hear Report On School Talks Gov. Hueh White Tupsdav rnllpd a meeting of the Legal Education Advisory Committee April 26 to hear a report of its delecates to the U.S. Supreme Court segregation nearing in Washington. Shortly after the governor an-nouned the meetine. Lt. Gov. Car roll Gartin, one of the three dele gates, telephoned from his Laurel home to say, "the Supreme Court has a bear by the tail . . . and realizes it." The other two delegates, Atty. Gen. J. P. Coleman and Tom Tubb of Wrest Point, were reported en- route to Mississippi today. The governor exnerts a full r port from the attornev eeneral with sidelights filled in by Gartin' and Tubb. The U. S. Supreme Court held hearings on how to set into opera tion its decision outlawing public scnool segregation. Mississippi was not involved in the cases before the court, but the LEAC sent the three men to listen. Gov. Hugh White said Thursday that Mississippi plans to solve its own school problems. "Education is. a state and local responsit'Iii.r." h said. "When we abandon this concept we will surrender one of freedom's great est safeguards." White said in a typewritten state ment that ihe recent special session of the legislature did not ask for federal aid when it sought to finance the multi-million-dollar program to equa'ize Negro and white schools. ". . . Education for all children will therefore be financed by Mis- sissippians at the local and state level," he said. "Our problem L unquestionably more acute than that of any other state, but we propose to solve it ourselves, and if Mississippi can upgrade her schools from her own resources, every other state in the Union can do likewise." Suspicious Voter Preferred Lawyer To Bubba's Glare Circuit Clerk Bubba Ashford tells this tale of a fellow who apparently believes one can't be too careful these days. Carrying out instructions of a new voter's requirement law passed by the legislature, Ashford asked the man to copy a section of the United States constitution. Once this was done, Ashford asked him to interpret the section he had just copied. After staring suspiciously at Ashford for a moment, the man picked up the document and started for the door. "Hey, fellow, you can't take that. Where are you going?" Ashford yelled. "I'm going to see my lawyer," the man declared. Actress Loretta Young Is Slightly Improved OXNARD. Calif., April 14 WV-Actress Loretta Young has shown slight improvement but is still in serious condition from an attack of peritonitis. Grand Jury Commends Sheriff Urges Shutdown Be Extended The Hinds County grand jury Thursday commended Sheriff Car roll Robinson for effective law en forcement during the period the jury has been in session and sug gested further commendation could be earned by continuing "this same brand of vigilance." Again commending the sheriff for the largest staff of deputies, the jurors suggested that the sheriff "consider the possibility that he needs still more trained men to uphold standards of enforcement of all laws, which the county has a right to expect from an official as well compensated as is the sheriff of Hinds County today." These were among recommenda tions made in the final report submitted to' Circuit Judge Leon Hendrick. The report was read by Purser Hewitt, foreman of the 18-man panel which remained in session throughout the Circuit Court criminal term. The session was opened with a request from Judge Hendrick that the grand jury investigate reports sks ve T Channel 12 IT f X J - ? - V i V f ' i X A w r . v . i I'l.W w, : V-- -! : i ' ' -: W. R. Newman, left and T. M. Hederman, Jr., shake hands over an agreement to seek permission of the FCC for Television Station WJTV to move to Channel 12, where WSLI-TV is now operating. Tribunal Will Study School Arguments By CHARLES M. HILLS Clarion-Ledger Staff Writer WASHINGTON, April 14 Hear ings on desegregation of public schools in five cases brought before the U. S. Supreme Court from South Carolina, Kansas, Vir ginia, Delaware and the District of Columbia were concluded here this afternoon. The court took the cases under advisement. The government, along with all states affected and several others indirectly affected, asked that no forthwith order be given for desegregation by any given date or that the matter of integration be left at the disposal of the lower federal courts. On the other hand, attorneys for the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People insisted that only an immediate decree calling for complete desegregation by Sept. 1 this year would satisfy them. Simon E. Sobeloff, U. S. Solicitor General, asked the court to remand the cases to the lower courts, but with instructions that some showing should be made by all states within 90 days. However, along with the disput ing states, he agreed that local conditions would have an import ant effect on the ultimate comple tion of integration of public schools. . Sobeloff argued for class desegre gation in school districts rather than decrees affecting only liti gants in cases. Important to all segregated states was the admission b both the government and the attorneys for the Negroes that no decrees can effect more of violations of gambling and liquor laws in the county. "On this subject," the report states, "we have interrogated a number of witnesses and failed to get many others to appear before us." The report continues: "We would like to call to the attention of all law enforcement officers of the county: there is no property right in liquor and gambling equipment under state law, and destruction, of such liquor and equipment is more conducive to extermination of these rackets than is mere capture and confiscation." The jury commended Sheriff Robinson "for his . . . effective law enforcement in the county during this period. We suggest Sheriff Robinson and his staff could earn added commendation by continuing this same brand of vigilance." During its six week session, the grand jury examined 203 witnesses and returned 89 true bills. Judge Hendrick had high praise FCC Permit 1 than the one school district m which a suit is brought. Attorney General J. P. Coleman here as an observer, said that this means that to get total desegregation in Mississippi suits would have to be brought and won in every one of the nearly 2000 school districts in his state. "In addition" Coleman advised "I cannot see how the Supreme Court can classify students who are not involved in a suit as litigants under the suggestion made by Mr. Sobeloff for class inclusion." Coleman said that in his opinion regardless of the Supreme Court's action it will be a long time before all schools in Mississippi can be integrated even by court decree and enforced mandates. "I see nothing in view that will revolutionize Mississippi's public school system" Coleman reiterated. However, he also repeated his warning to Mississippi to stand aside from centralization of school authority, leaving autonomy as the guiding hand in the state's public school system. Only two arguments were heard here today by the Supreme Court, Sobeloff making his representatives as a wind-up of the government's stand in the case, and Thurgood Marshall, Negro attorney, making a repetitious plea for a "date certain" decree setting a time limit for de-segregation. He pleaded that the constitution of the United States cannot be violated by degrees depending on locale and urged a sweeping decree mandating immediate integra tion of all white schools. for the 18 men as he dismissed them, calling the investigative panel, "the best I have observed or dealt with since I began practicing law in 1920." "Reports have come in to me of the effectiveness of your long session," the judge said. "It has been healthy for the county and law violators have certainly stayed under cover during this time." Judge Hendrick added that he may call another grand jury in May, "if I think it would benefit the community." In its comparatively brief report the grand jury commended the Mississippi legislature for allocating funds for an assistant district attorney. Jackson's city police department was commended "for its work in law enforcement in the city" and the "unusually high order" of its cooperation with the grand jury. Judge Hendrick extended special congratulations to grand jury member, John L. Black, who became the father of a baby girl during the lengthy session. Ctewman, Hederman Make Announcement New Operation Would Aid Viewers Permission is being requested of the Federal Communications Commission at Washington for moving WJTV, Mississippi's first television station, to Channel 12. This announcement was released jointly Thursday night by W. R. Newman, president of the Standard Life Insurance Company and T. M. Hederman, Jr., vice-president of Mississippi Publishers Corporation. Permission is also being request ed for Mississippi Publishers Cor poration to purchase an interest in the Standard Life Broadcasting company, which now . operates WSLI-TV on Channel 12, and WSLI. AM radio station. These moves will enable WJTV, over Channel 12, to bring the best in television viewing to a considerably larger number of set own ers. It is planned for WJTV to bring, in the new operation, the finest array of CBS, ABC and Du- mont television entertainment to an expanded audience. It is felt that WJTV on Channel 12, with the fine programs avail able, would give viewers in this area assurance of the best television entertainment offered any where. L. M. "Max" Sepaugh will be general manager of WJTV on Channel 12 and of WSLI radio. All personnel of WJTV, WSLI-TV and Radio Station WSLI will be retained and will -give WJTV and Radio WSLI unusually strong and experienced staffs of television and radio people. Mr. Newman and Mr. Hederman further stated that they feel this new operation would greatly benefit the television viewers in this area. White To Attend Meeting On Strike Governors Plan To Talk Situation Governor Hugh White Thursday afternoon said he would attend a meeting in Nashville. Tenn.. to discuss ways to achieve settlement of regional telephone and railroad strikes now in their 32nd dav. The meeting, first suggested by White, was called by Gov. Lawrence Wetherby of Kentucky. "I'm going to attend." Whita said. "I'm very happy he (Wether by) lias called the meeting and Thursday evening, a portion of the New York Stock Market exchange quotations was lost when service was interrupted by a cable cutting between Jackson and New York. that it affects both the railroad and the telephone strikes. No officials of either the unions or the companies are invited just the governors who will discuss the situation " Governor Wetherby, chairman of the Southern Governors Confer ence, called the meeting for 11 a. m. (CST) in Governor Frank Clement's office at Nashville. Wetherby asked governors of the conference whose states are affected by either or both of the strikes to attend. The strikebound Louisville and Nashville Railroad serves 14 states, mostly in the southern region, and the Southern Bell Telephone Si Telegraph Co. operates in nine states of the South. The meeting, Wetherby said, is "for the purpose of discussing a plan of action for the governors as a group to take to bring about a settlement of these controver sies. internal Revenue Offices Stay Open Local Internal Revenue offices will remain open until 12 midnight on Friday to handle last minute returns on 1S34 taxes and also declarations of estimated incomes. District Director J. L. Enochs reports the cashier's office will be open on the 2nd floor, along with other deputies to give taxpayers assistance. He estimated that roughly, calling it a "wild guess" that, some 70,000 more individual returns are yet to go. But, quite a lot of mail already received has not yet been opened. Friday, April 15th is the deadline for all returns as well as the deadline date on estimates, he said. Internal Revenue offices are located in the Post Office Building, 2nd floor.

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