Clarion-Ledger from Jackson, Mississippi on August 22, 1954 · Page 8
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Clarion-Ledger from Jackson, Mississippi · Page 8

Jackson, Mississippi
Issue Date:
Sunday, August 22, 1954
Page 8
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PAGE 8 THE CLARION-LEDGER, JACKSON, MISS., SUNDAY MORNING, AUGUST 22, 1954 SECTION ONE arter Runs Comp seated Six-Foot Torch Of Launches Test In Blue Flame Smaclcover (Editor's Not: The following Interesting- article on an expert-mental wildcat test In Madison county, near Canton, was prepared by Th Carter Oil Co., which is drilling: the test). A six-foot torch of blue flame shot info the 5ky from the top of an 87-foot steel tower. Thus, early in July, began a complicated field experiment that brought together the experienced know-how of veteran Carter production experts and crews of skilled specialists from well-known oil field service companies. If the experiment succeeds . . . Carter will have brought in the first commercial oil and gas production from the deeply buried Smackover formation in Central Mississippi. In Arkansas and portions of Texas the thick Smack-over has yielded prolific production. Should the experiment fail . . . and the wildcat prove non-commercial, then Carter with 71 per cent ownership and Its partners in the challenging venture will have poured hundreds of thousands of dollars down a hole more than 2 1-3 miles deep. Even before our experiment began it cost $300,000 just to drill the deep wildcat. The experimental wildcat test is the No. 1 s. L. Brown in the Loring area, 5 miles northeast of Canton. Mississippi. Drilling began there early in 1953. Then, more than a year ago. Carter reached the Smackover formation. Casing was run and cemented. Tests for possible shows cf oil and gas were made. It was there all right. Roarine to the surface came gas and 49 degree gravity distillate. This was a good sign. It indicat ed potential production from the Smackover in Mississippi. But the gas was freakish. It wouldn't burn. Only on extremely rare occasions had similar gas been found before. Furthermore the gas was worthless. It had a high non-combus tible carbon dioxide content of 68 per cent compared to usual values of less than 2 per cent. Riding piggy back on the Siamese twins of valuble distillate and useless carbon dioxide as they came to the surface was still another unwelcome chemical hoodlum. It was hydrogen sulphide, the pas which smells like rotten eggs. Such gas couicin t De turnea ioos? in the air. It had to be destroyed bv burning. It is true this smelly gas contains appreciable amounts of sulphura valuable chemical. But sulphur mixed with crude oil is a-r.other matter. It. is highly objectionable to refiners. Before a refiner will buy the distillate from the wildcat its sulphur content must he reduced to V2 grams or less per gallon. Unfortunately there is no commercial process for stripping sulphur from the carbon dioxide-laden gases. It, has been done only in a laboratory. Fere then was our problem summed by H. R. Shannon. Southern D:vision Frodurtm Manager: "Carter had distillate no refinery would buy and gas no one could i;e." We reeded the answers to three long-range questions. 1. Would the wildcat produce distillate in paving quantities? 2. Would short-time production Indicate reserves large enough to justifv drilling more deep wells? 3. Would the forecast of the size of the pool and the amount of sulphur ever justify building a costlv sulphur removal plant even if a practical stripping plant could be designed irom tne lao model? We also needed to know two things almost immediately. 1 "Could we. while producing the distillate, safely dispose of useless gases? 2. Could we remove enough sulphur to make the distillate marketable? At that point Shannon called a temporarv halt, in testing operations while Carter engineers pulled out their slide rules and wrest-led with the problem. Our engineers came up with an answer a relatively simple temporary hookup for testing the well. Before we could take the proposal to the Mississippi Oil and Gas Board, however, we needed the cooperation of royalty owners. Data then available indicated to our engineers and geologists that any spacing less than 640 acres per well was rot justified. Rhea Smith. Division land man and his field men. got busy. They contacted the royalty owners and proposed a voluntary royalty owners' unitization agreement. They found them willing and most co operative. Our land people women hard. Thev got signatures from mineral owners for 97.25 per cent of the acreage in tne unit. This cleared the way for the Mississippi board to study the Car ter proposal. Pointing out that the distillate is useless unless it can be produced and sold, the board granted Carter special permission to flare the gas during a test period of 12 months or less. Encouraged, the engineers quick ly assembled the testing equip ment. Before we could get a single an swer to our five questions, how ver. the well had to be reopen ed. Because of depth, high pres sure, temperatur and objectionable able gases this was to De ro or rinarv completion. To help them do the job without a slip Carter's veteran production people called in a regular on field narade of skilled technicians. Each crew, backed up by trucks and tailor-made equipment did a highly specialized job. First to arrive in June was a crew of skilled rig builders who moved in over the board road built when the well was first armea. Girt by girt a giant 136-foot drilling derrick went up on an extra high substructure or platform a-vv the "Christmas tree." Truckers, roustabouts and rough necks unloaded and riggea up tne massive drilling equipment, ee cause the well had rip-snorting shut-in bottom-hold pressures as high as 6,000 pounds per square Inch, extra precautions had to be taken. Three blow-out preventers were bolted beneath the extra high derrick floor to keep the well from blowing wildly out ot control if it eama in unexpectedly. Heavy, special chemical laden drilling mud was mixed to a 12-pound, formula as carefully as a WX.V i -1 ' I . -"V - - ' It"''!' i t ' ,'- f ; J 'J tit S - '-!--. . r 81'-.! O xpenmen n Madison' 1 I - . -ilk I .A .i 3 .X VjKA&A. ft 'i THICK FROST coats separator and pipes during testing of Loring wildcat. Blue flame of objectionable gases burning atop the flare tower in background cannot be seen with naked eye in daytime. At night its eerie glow barely illuminates tower. i .i.i mi i iir.m'"w".)Miw.uniu.iiii" Ct'y ' : .xT-,' -Ha. i.: Heater 1 1 Vw - 5. .is DRILLING RIG shows beyond legs of flare tower on hill, lease tanks and separator are between well and flare. housewife stirs up her favorite cake batter. J. M. Clark, a mud en-ginneer crouched over the shale shatoer, testing and checking the mud as it came to the surface with every stroke of the pumps. Into the hole went the drill bit and crews added Joint after joint of pipe. More than two miles down the bit touched, then cut through cement and a cast iron bridge plug. The plug was put there a year earlier to keep the mud off the producing formation and hold the wildcat in check. Next came electrical survey experts. They lowered their sensitive instruments into the hole. This directional survey told our engineers the approximate location of the bottom of the hole. Now we needed a trap-door or packer to seal off the producing formation from the cased hole a- bove. Ordinarily it goes in the pea-size rocks in the gas stream sounding as big as bowling balls. Safety men with sensitive telltale gas "sniffers" continued to prowl the lines and separators checking for the smallest of leaks. A second time the acid trucks connected their lines and engines roared as 10,000 gallons of hydrochloric acid were pumped 12,000 feet below to eat into the Smackover formation and increase the flow of gas and distillate. Johnny Murray gradually turn ed off the propane gas feeding the flames atop the burning tower. Now only three small propane pil ot lights fed the blaze. Yet the "gas that wouldn't burn" when touched with a lighted match, con tinued to burn enriched only by the small amount of propane in the pilot lights. The burning tower idea was a success Bright, blue flame was disposing hole on a wire line to the desired'" depth. But at the Loring test it wouldn't go down. All the efforts of veteran drilling superintendent C. A. (Slim) Davis and his skilled crew, sweating in the 100 and above temperatures of "Rock" Pavatt gave the order to shut in the well tmpirarily while the derrick and heavy drilling machinery were dismantled. One victory has been won. And we Know tne answer to tne se M,!""- i-nd" immediatr qistion. Addlt- ional heating and a caustic wash - a a. nf J Tr t u. - ;i , nrZ Lw i ,nH rTahhXolwi1 reduce sulphur content and LS ?l -h S Prw,,l marketable distillate from the mud like so much cottage.,,,- ..,, cheese. a,...', (U i The packer was put on the endfie -m J 1 trou,hdthe SSrri fltS. res'e.rVh and through the mud as a packer spe- ptnprimpnt. tinn engineers in Mississippi forecast the chances for a "pay-out" from the deeply buried Smackover for- imation HD Picnic Proves Delightful Event ' MONTICELLO A delightful occasion for all present was the picnic given Tuesday evening at eight o'clock in the Magnolia Roadside Park near Monticello for members of Home Demonstration clubs and members of 4-H clubs in Lawrence county. This is an annual recreation feature for members of these organizations and the picnic this year was on.? of the most enjoyable ever sponsored. It was given unaer tne supervision of Miss Florrie Fulton, direc tor of the work for members of Home Demonstration clubs for wo men and the 4-H clubs for girls and County Agent Marcus W. Peterson, with the picnic a family affair for all members of the family. Each family brought a picnic lunch. Monticello, Old Silver Creek, Topeka and Sontag were repre sented by both Home Demonstration club members and 4-H Club members. Mrs. Annette Schmidt, president of the Lawrence County Council of Home Demonstrate clubs, was present and her husband. Roy Schmidt, offered thanks before the delicious chicken supper was .enjoyed by the large group present. $ Lauderdale Schools Seek Lunch Rooms MERIDIAN - All Lauderdale county white schools Saturday had submitted applications to operate lunch rooms during the 1954-55 school term to Miss Katherine Dale, area supervisor for the school lunch program. State Department of Education, Jackson. White schools w'hich declared th desire to operate lunch rooms are: Bonita, Causeyville, enter Hill, Clarkdale, Collinsville, Dixie Highway, Lauderdale, Long Creek, Marion, Martin, Meehan, Ponta. Suq- qualena, Vimville Whynot, Meridian City schools and St. Aloysius. Colored schools applying are: Bailey vocational, Daleville elementary, St. Joseph's Academy, Lebanon and Stevenson vocational. other outbreak of "late blight," such as damaged the tomato crop in tne vicinity oi urystai springs m 1950. and again this summer. ft F.Hi TRl t KS pump 500 gallons of special acid into well to eat away mud. White tanks in background hold propane. it cialist called the shots to set at 12.100 feet. From 200 miles awav in Louis iana, a hydraulic testing crew drove in. Each tubing joint was tested at pressures above 9.000, . pounds before it was lowered into Dlanf Rnsri Malf ar the well. A contractor with air I IUIII UUUIU riQftCJ tongs tightened each joint uniformly just another precaution to guard against failure when the unusual wildcat started producing. Thick, black bunker fuel, haul-i statf am .x .v.r.v. -Reran, nt ed in by truck, was pumped down,a reduction in fruiting and the the tubing to displace the heavy iShedding of many squares and mun so careiuny mixed just a iew;voimg bolls caused by continued days before. Now it had to come,hrit di-v weather the hnii out to lighten the load holding back; infestation showed some' increase gas ana distillate. Tne annuiariduring the past week according to space behind the tubing, however. I th state -plant 'RnarH tr, m,mr was left filled with the heavy oil 'fields of older cotton it is difficult w, j unrni corrro on oi me casing i tr, find enough squares to make Final Veevil Report New Delta Volume Tiny But Delightful and tubing exterior. We were ready at last. Tense expectancy surged in the hot. dusty j air around the rig. Pumps circulat-i ed the first of the bunker fuel from the well back into the tanks. About 9 p. m. there was a sullen rumble in the line leading into the oil storage tank and black bunker fuel, propelled on wings of gas. .belched through the open manhole. yuickly the well was shut in. More specialists arrived to set a special plug in the tubing. The three blowout preventers had to be stripped away so the regular production "Christmas tree" could be put back on the well. H. R. Shannon, Southern Division production manager; E. A Rose, district superintendent; James Wible, district engineer; J. M. Ivy, safety engineer, and others were on hand to keep anxious eves on guages as T. C. "Rock" Pavatt. district foreman, and John Murray, development foreman, started the tests. First the burner built to burn the "gas that wouldn't burn' had to be lighted. A spark plug igniter on the ground set off pilot lights atop the tower. They in turn fired three streams of propane feeding the burner. In minutes Murray had the burner going with a steady roar. Cautiously he began to ease open me master valve on the well until it opened a tiny slot smaller than a lead pencil. Gas hissed out into the separator which stripped it of us valuable distillate. Magically, thick white frost coated flow lines and separator. The icy pipes were caused by the same principle upon which your refrigerator operates. Gas under high pressure spurting through a small orifice and expanding abruptly, expels heat hence the frost. From the tower on the hill came a low-pitched swoosh like a jet plane 30,000 feet overhead. Gas from the well, enriched by three streams of propane, began to burn. After flowing a couple of hours the well was shut in. Huge acid-hauling trucks now rumbled up. A highly trained crew more specialists pumped 500 gallons of special acid down the well to scour away and digest the last of the heavy recipe mud which had done its Job. Bunker oil was used as a "chaser" to push the acid back out of the hole. Again testing was resumed. Tiny infestation counts. Due to this fact. tnis win be the last report that will be made his season. Cotton is beginning to open throughout many sections of the state and gin ning is now in progress. STRICLTT FERSONAL By Leroy Allen Democrat Printing Co., Greenville, Miss. $1.50 Reviewed by Charles Cason The Delta's done it again. Produced another took. It is tiny but stimulating, a good evening's demi- tasse. That unpredictable "49th state", formed by the treacherous Mississippi from stolen soil, has won prizes for growing cotton, corn, the Greenwood edge of the Delta. Short-winded from climbing hills and out of gulleys they craved "to bog down rather than to wear down". After a trial of the Tallahatchie they finally reached the promised land of Deer Creek, the international trademark for long staple cotton, and the producer of our able Alf Stone. This diminutive Delta collection of touched up yarns is good writing. It is good reading. I spent two weeks and two stamps just trying to learn where I could get Embargo On Tomatoes Will Be Continued STATE COLLEGE An em bargo on the importation of tomato plants from any other state is now in effect, and will continue indefinitely, according to Dr. Ross Hutch- ins of State College, secretary and member of the State Plant Board. The State Plant Board decided upon this restriction to prevent an- it. Farmer Allen heard about the quest and the printer's failure to answer me and rewarded me with beans, oats, rice and cattle. Now it's growing books right on the finlJc TTrt . i tVrr A 1 Ifin ie real. .Mi.. U1R p,,.,! wt.rK. t iieiasv R farrner. A Delta planter! what I am assuming is a compli- LrStar""?1"'! ""I' "y telephone. Not Leroy. Helmenniry copy. Anyway, it's too Board inspectors, Federal entom-rides his own machines includ- late now. w gi and coPPrators and i98or;inr hjs T.model typewriter. Better buy one through your a bout82 percent found to be infest-1 Th author had'been contribute dealer. I guarantee it. fi. xni- average uiic.siauon in inei; cr,mn rharmimr anH hilariniiR' infested fields was 6 percent asmi, n viS t oionrt Prrtrri compared to 9 percent last week : anr1 1 he r.reenville Democrat-Times Tour Problem la Easy! RENT .A New FPIANO Plot Drayi( Rental applies if yon decide to buy later. ELLIS PIANO CO. 505 East Pearl Street Barnett-Madden Bids. Jackson, Miss. "Mississippi's Largest Piano Boose" and about 17 percent at this time last year. Even though 16 percent of the squares are punctured, the general weevil population is considerably below normal because very few squares remain on plants as a re suit of the hot. windy conditions which have prevailed over most of the state during the past two weeks. Spider mites were reported from various sections of the state and especially heavy infestations were noted in the southwestern section. These spider mite infestations have probably caused some damage but in cases where cotton is opening, control at this time would be. of little value according to Ross E. Hutchins. entomologist of the State Plant Board. In younger cotton which is still green, or in cotton which hws been tilled iru. lie ttuvics t"imiii wuuiu a III I be beneficial. The application of In I amar Hi rhnnlC .5 pound of aramite or one pound III LUlllCH III JUIUUIj of parathion or .3 to .4 pound of systox per acre will control these PURVIS When schools of La insects saiisiactorny. mar COUntv open for the new school Bollworm eggs were reported in year on Wednesday, Sept. 8, two in iit-iua who a maximum oi ijtj;0f the high schools the county He just revised and assembled them between laying-by-and pick ing time into this published potpourri. (Been trying ever since col lege days to lasso that word, what-erer it means). Like his cook's illegtimate grand child, finally called Di. short lor Dilemma, this little book at first had no name, never a price mark. Letters flooded the author and the printers. They had to run more and name a price. The Fioregrosso of Commercial Appeal's Greenhouse gave it a whole lyrical column, probably starting, certainly swelling the parading purchasers. Late in the last century the Al len family came from the hills to if ii iTiir to nm iiiii li iimiiiiiMii imniiiiiiiiiii---ntiiMiiiiini n I ran I niii! i nvu i i Build A Hoti Foir Yois Lawyers To Discuss Income Tax Changes UNIVERSITY The new Eisen hower income tax revision law will be analyzed for Mid-South lawyers at the third annual tax program scheduled at the University of Mississippi Aug. 23-27. The three day program is designed to give practicing attorneys a professional understanding of how the new tax law will work. This program is being sponsored as a special service by the University Law School Professor Harold Wren of the law school faculty, is supervising the program. Scheduled speakers for the meeting include: Roscoe' Cross, May- field, Ky., Robert Ash, Washington, D. C. Wiliam H. Loeb, Atlanta; Gerald L. Wallace, New York Uni versity, William H. Bowen. Little Rock. Ark., and Charles A. Carter, Jackson. Thekygrowd cf the South! Overlooking fhe Golf of Mexfcs Bidwoy Between Gulfport t Bilsxl EDGE WATER PARK. MISSISSIPPI JpiiimKlifinflf SICK? Want To Get Well? SEE ME! My natural drugless methods may differ from those you are accustomed to but, if the usual methods have failed, does not that in itself indicate the need of different treatment? OVERTON'S CHIROPRACTIC CLINIC 63Z North Sr. 3-5235 A. P. Shoemaker, Jr. General Manager Overlooking the beautiful Coif of Mexico! Situated on 700 acres of private property devoted to recreation, including our own; famous 18-hoIe golf coarse with-j in a few hundred feet of hotel; outdoor swimming pool; wading pool for and playgrounds for children; salt and fresh water fishing, plus many other acto'W I ities. Beautifully landscaped lawns and gardens. Finest accommodations 95 of rooms face Golf. Completely air-conditioned. Open, Year Around. MODERATE' RATES, also SPECIAL FAMILY PLAN RATES. titnt Stud HH FWf t Into SdMi BAML. T- ii v .,i l'T'fl Amazing miracle of mnrltu I scienc. A non-melting, rr agabla I , ' . Jj't'U" artificial k that keep food 1 'fCCtUcfV i and beverage, cold ap t 72 I UTOTKAilxX J CAN BE USED OVR uiuAwnr i and over agan uveiuad by I 1 V I V f"7 i jr Ideal lot picnics, bunting cad Tb FreezM t A tl vPi W t - 1 fishing trips, traveling, ship Corp. of ft, l u) 11 tjsk v I,-:- i ping perishables, keeping Awerita VJ W VyLF ' A baby's formula coot Lssts rot SAU AT GBOCOT, DRUG. SPOST1NG GOODS AND OMt tfikSMG 32! t 0113 Clf JeicEf SOi'S ost Experliici 1 oeie Udders . , OBI Your Lot! Major Changes Made eggs being found per hundred terminal buds, while the average was about 11. Larvae were reported in 293 fields with a maximum of will have some major changes un der the new school program. At Purvis six new classrooms are being added to the grammar 10 worms per nunared terminal crhnnl hmlriincr at. a rnst. nf ho. buds, while the average was slight- tween $25,000 and $30,000 and all ly more than 2. In fields where erammar school dudUs of the'dis- heavy shedding of squares and young bolls has occurred, the boll-j worm will probably not continue to be a serious threat. On the other hand, however, Dr. Hutchins says that in younger fields and in irrigated fields where-the cotton is still green, heavy infestations can be expected Several applications! of poison to control this pest will probably be necessary in younger or irrigatdd fields. the Truck Totals One-half of the world's trucks are operaed in tbe U.S. trict will be brought to the Purvis school: This means doing a-way with grammar schools at Yawn Corinth, Progress, Pine Grove and Oklahola, and the addition of a-bout 130 pupils to those previously taught in the schools at Purvis. No addition is being made to the school plant at Sumraall but all pupils except those from Hick ory Grove will be transported to the Sumrall grammar school. No changes are being made in schools at Lumberton and at Oak Grove so far as transportation is I concerned. More than 125 plans to choose from or we will build your own plan. Build on your own lot or choose from choice lots we have available. We can arrange all financing, insurance, and handle all details. Kimbrough Homes, one of Jackson's most experienced home builders will build you a custom-built home on your own lot by your own plans, or you can select from more than 100 plans that we have on hand. If you do not own your lot we have lots in all sections of the city to choose from. For full information without obligation visit Kimbrough homes. 263 E. Pearl St. or... Dial 5-3445 leaftors Duilders 263 E. PEARL ST. DIAL 53445 'SB

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