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COUNTER NEWS BLYTHEVILLB COURIER MEWS —oa O. BUUA*. it up to th« governments of all the signatory countriei to set their people •traight before any further steps toward ratification are taken. »rton««. mitt «* at COB- t, un o> Tb» SUB8CRIPT1ON «rrt« ID U» ^ mbm 1 — " withlr • radiu* ol SO mll««, »*4» P" tta month* $UM tot three month*: ootfKto 40 mlto «a to •dnno* Meditations By filth the wall* of Jericho fell down, after th«y ww wmpaaaed about aeven d«a.-Het>re»a 11:*. • • • F»lth build! » bridge acrou the gull of Death, To break the shock blind nature c»nnot shun, And land* Thought smoothly on the lurther ihore.—Young. Barbs A hen In Maryland laid a lavender egg. What, no old lace? * » * We BOW have the daj» when the le«thef-lunjed dtbw «- «et » new d«l b, .Imply jelllnf •tak* tm oo tf A dietitian aaya no matter how you cook; .pinach kids are apt to refuse It. Just in old spinach cuttoml There are moreen 10,000 earthquake, a year hi the world, according to scientists. Shocking to aar the least! • • • Twin evils for an auto: a loose tire and a tight driver. Food for Public Interest Blytheville within the past week has received a lap full of problems which merit fullest consideration in order that a proper solution can be reached—one which will serve the best interests of the greatest number of citizens of the community. A decision is to be made on whether war-imposed controls of rentals on housing units are to be lifted or retained. There are sound reasons to be offered on both sides of the question. The housing shortage continues and those who oppose the lifting of controls contend that renters will suffer hardships if rents should go higher. Those seeking a lifting of controls insist that greater freedom for landlords and investors will result in more and better living quarters and that competition will take cure of the price situation for the tonnnts. Chose your own side and then fight for what you believe to be right. That's democracy. Two utilities are seeking increased rates. They offer what seem to be sound arguments to justify granting of their requests. Oura still is a democracy and the man who foots the bills has a right to have his say, provided he acts before the Arkansas Public Service Commission must act on the petitions which have been filed by the owners of the two utilities—the Blytheville Water , Company and the Southwestern Bell Meaning of North Atlantic Telephone Company. Pact Must Be Made Clear The North Atlantic Treaty got talked about in some plain words the^other day when James P. Warburg paid a visit to the Senate Foreign Relations Committee. He and Senators Connally and Vandenberg didn't agree on every point- But they were together on a general conclusion that might be summed up as saying, "Let's not kid ourselves or anybody else." "Before the treaty Is ratified," said Mr. Warburg, a former New York banker, "I think the American people have a .right to know what it means. I think our friends abroad have a right to know what it means. Either we are, or we are not, undertaking to defend western Europe against invasion. "If we are, let us not deceive ourselves about the costs' or the risks involved. If we are not—if we are merely undertaking to deter invasion—let us not permit our friends to be deceived." It seems to us that Mr. Warburg explained the clear meaning of the pact in that phrase which he tossed casually, almost contemptuously, into the last sentence quoted above. The dictionary says that deter means "to turn aside or discourage through fear; hence, to prevent from action by fear of consequences." That, as we have understood it, is precisely the purpose of the North Atlantic Treaty. It is a gamble, a big gamble, and the odds would not be favorable in an early showdown. But it is not a bluff. It is doubtful that any intelligent realist in any of the treaty countries believes that we are going to arm Europe to the teeth. As Mr. Vandenberg said, "There is to be no Maginot Line." It is only necessary to look at the figure of the proposed military aid budget to realize the truth of that statement. The figure, $1,130,000,000, is a lot of money. But it is not going lo put a dozen countries in shape to 1'ight and win a war. The pact members can only hope lo prevent Russia from aggressive action by fear of consequences. If war should come, then both sides would have to risk everything. The indications are that the western allies, if they survived the • •- > first attacks, would have a better chance of winning a war by outproducing and outlasting their opponents. But those are indications, not certainties, i The gamble is on both sides. And i the western nations can only hope that j' Russia is as unwilling to take the gamble ' as they are. The obvious purpose of the alliance is to muster strength enough 'to keep Russia from being tempted to open fire oh a sitting duck. ; . Total unpreparedness would invile '•' destruction. Total armament would invite economic collapse. There seem to be no choice beyond "merely undevtak- ;-.-'". ' ing to deter invasion." If there is wide on that point, then It Right Start, at Least The new German constitution adopted at Bonn is only a blueprint, though an excellent one, and thus no cause for any extravagant hopes. But there is at least one encouraging thing about it. Someone has noted that it is different in several important respects from the Weimar constitution, under which the pre-Hitler government functioned. Remembering the frailty and early death of the Weimar Republic, any lack of resemblance between its constitution and the present one almost has to be taken as a good sign. Whittler's Paradise Washington News Notebook MONDAY, MAY 23, 1949 Acheson Views Developments In China, But No Aid Pledged Th« DOCTOR SAYS By Edwin P. Jordan, M. D. Written for NEA Service The cause of brain tumors Is not known. Since they may occur almost anywhere Inside the skull symptoms depend on where the tumor is located and I Is size. In some cases, it may produce difficulties in swallowing. In others, the symptoms may Involve the hearing, the eyesight .or muscular co-oprl- natlon in one part of the body or another, Headache is a fairly common symptom of brain tumor and so Is persistent vomiting. If a brain tumor Is suspected, the nervous system must be carefully examined to find out the exact location of the tumor before an option is considered. Such tests Include examining the scular strength, the vision and arlng, and the nerve reactions, uld must be removed from the inal canal or the openings in the aln and examined. Other fluids be injected into the canal lich will show up in X-rays and uis help in locating the tumor. Air can be injected into the spaces the brain — this sounds wor.ie han II is—and this, too, helps to ocate the area of th= tumor. In oce ca = es. measuring the electrical aves which pnss through the bram also of great value. Several Kinds There are several kinds of tumors ., well as many locations. Some grow slowly and are 'benign; ' otu- B> Hewitt Mackenzie AF Foreljn Affairs Analyst There is a tendency In some Chinese Nallonallst circles to find encouragement In secretary of Stats Acheson's statement to a Senat^ committee that America won't ree«§» ognize a Communist regime in China so Ions as a Nationalist govern- rnent exi.sU. However, it strikes me a rather grasping at straws for Nationalists to try to extract much satisfaction from such a general remark. True, the statement secnis to Indicate that Washington has no intention of recognizing a Communist regime at this time. That in Itself mast be a matter of gratification for the Chinese Nationalists, .since th/.'e has been much speculation whether the United States might recOK- nizc the Red Chinese If they dominated the country. Still. II Fhould be noled that Mr. Acheson didn't pledge himself very far In any direction. He appears to be pursuing a course of watchful waiting. No Aid Promised liy t).S. This much seems clear from recent development. 1 !: Washington has no present intention of rushine to Government Pays $74,500,000,000 In Subsidies to Farmers and Others rs are rapidly growing and 'mahs- ant." in spite of all these diffl- ulties, however, a great many tu mors can be found and successful! cinovcd surgically. If It is found possible to remo all of the tumor tissue they wi not grow back. If the tumor ha not destroyed important parts the brain tissue, complete recove: Is possible. Today many brain tumors can be discovered early and can be successfully removed by the highly skilled surgical methods which have been developed. Although there are still tragedies from brain tumors, prom-ess has been great and the results are continuing to improve. VIEWS OF OTHERS Telephone No-Man's Land By Peter Edson | NEA Washington Correspondent WASHINGTON —(NEA)— U.S. overnment subsidies paid to pri- ale business and the farmers for he 15 years of 1934 through 1948 otal more than J14.500.000.000. This figure comes from a new Budget Bureau tabulation. It does not nclucte the cost of the food nnd cotton stamp plans of 1930-43 nor he school lunch program of 193640 and 1947-49. They would boost the total by another sC43.000.000. Grand total Is more than $15,000.000,000, or over a billion dollars a year. This new subsidy total docs not Include the programs lor grants in aid to the states. In 1947 Sen. Harry .'. Byrd's~Jolnt Congressional Committee on Expenditures Issued - If Southwestern Bell Telephone Co. is granted a "second round" rate increase in Missouri, the public and member! of the Missouri Public Service Commluion will be worried at the <nd with at least one serious doubt. The doubt will arise because the company's heavy bill for telephone equipment is controlled by neither free competition nor public authority. Southwestern gets most of Its supplies and eqi|lpmtnt from Western Electric Co., a. sister member of the Bell System family. The situation is made to order for price-paddlni. Western Electric is a practical monopoly. The phone companies are subject to public control, but Weitem Electric today is as free from public control as a soap maker or automobile manufacturer. A technical committee of the National Association of Railroads and Public Utility Commissioners believes that Western Electric prices and profits are too high— and the company has hinted to the N.A.R.U.C. that they may go still higher this year. An Idea of what the over-pricing of equipment means to phone subscribers can be gained from the fact that Southwestern Bell spent nearly $102,000,000 with Western Electric last year. This money and hundreds of millions spent In the past all show up eventually in the bills for telephone service, plus au added allowance for return on investment. But how can overpricing be prevented? It cannot be prevented today, and the slate commissions have complained for years about this frustration. The Justice Department Is suing to divorce Western Electric from the Bell System in the hope that competition will then regulate equipment prices. An alternative solution would be to bring Western Electric under control by the Federal Communications Commission. This might well be a better answer than the divorcement of Western Electric, but II would require an act ol Congress. Western Electric is an acute Issue In telephone rate cases all across the country, so why docsn t Congress interest itself in the problem? —ST. LOUIS POST-DISPATCH. Budget Bureau tabulation on that. It showed 85 of these grants-maid programs In operation in 1:145. stales up to $300,000,000 a year. The new Brannan farm plan is under consideration. It will cost unknown millions of dollars. In the offing is a federal health plan of uncertain specifications and size. Before any of these things goes through In" final form, it Ls important to know what federal subsidy programs have been In the past and where they are today. The U.S. government got Into tills direct subsidy business in a big way In the earlf days of the New Deal. It was completely a depression, farm-relief program then. It rnn from 5300,000.000 to Just under $1.000,000.000 a year from 1934 to the start nf the war. Of the 40-odd programs classified as subsidies In the new Budget Bu reau tabulation, only nine are no of direct benefit to the farmer. H For 12 years, 1934 through 1946 such programs cost the taxpayers nearly $30,000.000.000. Add S13.000.- 000000 of direct sub period and the total is $43,000.000.000 or »3,500,000.000 a year on the average. Not Included in either of these nbulattons are the indirect or hid- 4,000,000. They rose to $82,000, 1946. Total Maritime Commission ubsidles. in 1936-48, were $390,000,000. Of this amount $50,000,000 were operating subsidies, the rest construction subsidies. Most of these subsidies can of course be charged up to war costs and to keeping the American merchant marine on the rilgh seas. Government subsidy operations have been considerably reduced since 1948. For the fiscal year ending June 30, 1949. and for the fiscal year of 1950. Budget Bureau estimates ol subsidies to business and the fanners total S500.000.000 a year. But since Congress has not yet completed action on 1950 appropriation bills, it is of course Impossible lo make accurate estimates. There are only a dozen direct Note- Dr. Jordan Is unable to answer Individual questions from readers. However, each day Ire will answer one of the most frequently ashed questions in his column. QUESTION- Can a person have at the same time-in different part of the body-both hypertropic aud rheumatoid arthritis? ANSWER. Yes. 15 Years Ago In Blythtville A crew toda: ery the of about 20 men began ismantle the old Cream;e plant purchased by the Blylheville Relief There are only a dozen direct ,-, ,1 if contains subsidy payments now in operation, 'or tne rn.iLL[i.^ ^ const • le aid of Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek's refugee Nationalist gov- rnment. The generalissimo, whose ersonal slock Is below par in Vashlngton, will have to produce * more liberal and progressive orm of iiovernment before he can vin much further support. . This doesn't mean that Uncli^r Sam Is going to put the stamp ot approval on any Communist government and give It his supr^rl. We are against communism. Kowever. we recognize numerous communist governments, and malnlaln representatives In their capitals. Thus there's no reason for anyone to assume that the United State* wouldn't recognize a Chinese Communist government if It was «n established and going concern. Bv the same token there's no reason lo assume—al leasj a« I see It —that the United States might not even give support to some new government, should such be formed by .ibstantial and progressive elements and demonstrate that It could pull Its weight. That Idea, by the way, may not be so far fetched as might seem. Generalissimo Chiang gets much of his support from powerful warlords. Those warlords might regroup and establish a new regime. As a malter of fact. Chiang might be smart If he encouraged ]ust such » move In view of the political bankruptcy of his own government. Chlans SfHI a Fighter — However, Ihe generalissimo long*> ago demonstrated that he is a lighter. He has given no Indication that he intends to withdraw from the picture, but appears to be exceedingly active In directing the defense against the Communist offensive from the north. I hear'from a good source that the Nationalists may abandon the project of establishing the government on the big island of Formosa. They are said to have concluded that while Formosa would make an admirable defensive position, yet It hich i would be too far removed from the has had 11 out of every 15 subsidy Soil conservation payments will be about S227.000.000 this year. Sugar act payments will be S70.000.000. dollar.*;. den federal subsidies. They go for such things as crop Insurance losses low grazing fees on public lands, postal deficits, aids to aviation, flood :ontrol works, public power developments, housing developments, government loans to business, payments to veterans and pensions.! They would run the figures higher, If included In the totals. More Subsidies Can Be Exnrolcrl he Senate has i"st passed a Federal Aid to Education bill. callcs for grants in aid lo the A Treasury subsidy program for reduction of interest on farm mortgages ran from 1936 through 1946. Total cost, $334,000.000. •Reconstruction Finance Corporation subsidy programs began in 1942 and ran through 1948 for a total cost ol over $3.000,000.000. Its peak expenditures were Sl.200.000- Export subsidies on farm products Commodity Credit Corporation has no direct subsidy programs. Its losses on price support programs for cotton, eggs, potatoes, and wool will be about $190,000,000. On corn 000 in 19415. HFC paid the consumer- I and wheat. CCC hopes to make subsidies on butter, coffee, flour, suuar and meat. Main purpose of these subsidies was to keep down the cost of living about S600.000 profit this year. These figures do not Include the school lunch program, fnr which S7o.000.QOO has been approprialed N HOLLYWOOD SO THEY SAY Before the Marshall Plan the willingness o the German people to work was at a low ebb. Bu now the people believe in work again, this tm\ for peace.—Dr. Ludwlg Erhard, economic directo of the German Bi-Zonal Administration. * • * We have oue weapon more powerful than a the atomic bombs, the guided missiles, the battle ships, the airplanes aud the tanks. It is Ihe spirit of freedom.—Secretary of Defense Louis A. Johnson. I feel like the hound-dog that was shot after It caught a rabbit.—MaJ.-Gen. Lewis B. Hcrshcy, Selective Service director, commenting on a UOUM out In teltctiv* Mrvlc* appropriation*. that wages could also be held this year, clown as part of the wartime antl- Maritime Inflalion program. Cost of these tion subsidies will cost around subsidies was over $2.000.000,000 for $8000.000 this year, with the five-year war period. Three- ating subsidies budgeted. Next year fo»rths went to the meat Industry It Is expected that construction Wartime Sbipninf Costs Hich < subsidies will dron to 42.400,000. will be used in the construction of the hanger at the airport and hundred Blytheville people •pendant upon the sale of , and script for their Jobs, wiii You Meln Them? <\s in the past the annual May Breakfast of the First Methort- ,„„ Church Is causing much interest This year it will be held on law of Mr. and Mrs. U. S. with a special southern nned. Tickets may be had ing Mrs. M. O. Goodwin. Pollyann Stewart daughter of Mr. :. Bryant Stewart entertained 18 little friends Saturday after the Branson heart of activities to make a good base for general purposes. Therefore, the nationalist high, command Is said to have decided tn move the government back to th« war-time capital ol Chungking, if the communists are able to continue their drive southward. Chung- king would make a better rallying point, especially since the publle associates it with victory against the Japanese and the world war. noon at her home birthday. in honor ot her Balloons and all day suckers. Ice cream and the children haVi The University of Minnesota ranked sixth among the nation's colleges and universities In ber of doctors' degrees num- granted made al grand time. Tlie New Deal's Maritime Commission subsidies began in 1938 at while oneratlng to S34.000.000. subsidies will rise By Erskine Johnson NEA Sfaff Correspondent HOLLYWOOD. INEAI — There two things I almost alwavs do in llywood—go lo Lana Turner's ddings and Interview boy mil- nalrcs who come to town to be- nic movie producers. The former has ber-n interesting time. UP to now. the latlcr has en discouraging. The boy millionaires were all Ihe me—young fellows who inherited rtuncs and invaded Hnllywood tvvecn polo matches to Impress a t of dolls with an office door tirkcri "Movie Pioduccr." I can't remember one who ever rodneed a picture. \ Twcnly-ulne-ycar-old Rowland W Ronnie" Alcom looks like the cx- eptton. He inherited nolhinir. He's from the wrong M" of Ihe tracks, spent four years In an Indlina reform school, once worked as x barker al a New York tlra cirrus and married a j;irl who worked in a launrlry. Two years ago. on a borrowed $1000. he made a fircat deal of money in the international craln markets With a partner. Dave Jackman of the Kansas Milling Co of Wichita, he sold a million sacks of flour lo the Brazilian government. Now he's In Ihe movies as well as Ihe grain business. "Jus* a itiim" Ronnie Alonrn doesn't look like a boy millionaire or act like oue eform school wcare Alcorn spent , four years of his life, from the I ge of 13 to 16. "I never did anything really bad." he told me. "1 wns just a chronic truant. I hated school and constantly ran away from home. That part of the story is (ami! j iar A hovel tor a home in Mun cic. lud.. a big family—11 children —a runaway father. The children of whom Ronnie was next to the youngest, left of) the strccls to fend for themselves. Voting Rounlc was sellinc newspapers al fi. dllrhlnn school for Ihrrr days at a time by the lime lie was 8. At 13. juvenile authorities dcclilrd he would be better off .it Plalnficlil. That was 1!)32. • II was the greatest thing thai ever happened to me." he said •For the- first time in my life I was See HOLLYWOOD on Taje » them during the month of May to Betty Clark in New York City, they would contribute all their profits on this merchandise to the National Council to Combat Blindness. Betty, who uses Braille cards, is determined to learn hosv to play bridge. I told her that one of the first things she must learn is the rule of 11. I explained that in order to apply this rule, your partner must lead the fiurth best of a suit. You subtract llv card led from ele- uie The pink moif was used in decorating, the cake. Mrs. Stewart, was assisted by Mrs. Charles F. Wood and Mrs. Louis Green. Read Courier News Want Ads from 1936 to 1945. The first five, in, order were Cornell, Wisconsin, Illinois, Chicago and Columbia. Firms in New York Stale get about one-fifth of all U.S. spend^ ing for business, personnel arttf repair services. New York interior decorators and advertisers get almost half the nation's business in their lines. Marsupial Answer to Previous Pmzla ' McKENNEY ON BRIDGE Rule of Eleven /s il/tvs/ for Beginners By William E. McKeivncy America's Card Authority \Vritlen for NKA Service I always enjoy a visit with my little friend Belty Clark, the charin- » J104 «AJ684 *J10 VKS • 652 . *AKQ53 Rubber—E-W vul. S»uth W«* North 1 + Pass ' * 1N.T. Pass 3N.T. Opening— t 6 E»M Pass Pass HORIZONTAL I Depicted marsupial g It destroys vcn, and the result gives vou the number of outstandng cards in the other three hands higher than the card led. in today's hand the six of heart was the opening lead. Six from 1 leaves five. There were card . liiaher than tin six on the board and Bet y (East) held two. There fore. knew that South hel higher lhan the si The pi entirely al the Indiana Boys School «t puinfltld, Ind. 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