PAGE 4 SATURDAY, AUGUST \6, T9S9 I pledge allegiance to the Flag of the United States of America and to the Republic for which it sta.ids, one nation under God, indivisible, with liberty and justice for all. College President-High-risk Job ' The plight of a college president today is like that of a man who decided to make his homo in the quiet country, away from the tension and conflicts of the city, only to find himself smack in the path of a Hew freeway. College presidents, who once presided benignly over peaceful companies of fellow scholars in the tranquil groves of academe, have been run over right and left by the juggernaut of student unrest. One, Courtney Smith of Swarthmore College, was literally a casualty. He died of a heart attack brought on by a violent confrontation with militant black students demanding special programs. In the space of a few weeks this year, the presidents of five large state universities resigned, pleading the equivalent of "combat fatigue." Something like 80 to 100 four-year colleges and universities are currently looking for new presidents. The high rate of attrition among proxies is also reflected in the drop in average tenure. In 1960. the -average was 10 years; in 19S8, it was just under six. ^There is a lot of talk these days about a "new breed" of college president being needed, the tvpe who will stand up to students -- in a word, with "backbone." But this kind of talk reveals some fundamental misconceptions about the actual powers of a president and the way most colleges and universities are governed, cautions one college head. "The president can have all the 'backbone' in the world," says Dr. John A. Logan Jr., president of Hollins College in Virginia, "but if his faculty fails to assume its rightful share of the responsibility, an appearance of institutional spinelessness is inevitable." No president will long exercise authority without the active support of the faculty, says Logan. Faculty- power is a fact, especially in those areas of most intense concern to dissident students. Faculties make the decisions about curricular matters which determine whether courses shall be 'relevant," in the sense students are demanding, or whether good teaching shall come first. Faculty decisions determine whether to accept research contracts from what the radicals call the "military-industrial complex." The same can be said of giving academic credit for ROTC or establishing separate black studies departments. Too often, he charges, faculties have vacillated in their support of a president faced with campus upheaval. Too often, a minority of student radicals has been abetted and encouraged by a few members of the faculty who have deserted scholarship to become polemiscists and who have substituted dogma for reasoned argument. We must never lose sight of the fact, he says, that the essence of the college or university is that it is the place, above all other places, where the truth is sought--and the truth is the necessary foundation for action in behalf of constructive social change. But if anti-intellectualism is openly tolerated on campuses, he asks, how can we expect that it will not flourish in society at large? "Our society needs our colleges and universities as never before, and our colleges and universities need leaders who are educators, not martinets. Good men will come forward if they can be assured of support from their faculties and from the moderate majority of students." At the moment, however, in too many institutions, such support is at best passive and unorganized. The consequence, says Logan, is that the considerable respect the nation's institutions of higher learning have enjoyed is declining, and with it much of their potential as a humanizing influence. BII,L M e \VLDI\'S C/lrtTOO.V THE WORLD SCENE . . . by Kinsubory STMlh U.S. And Soviet-imposed Mideast Peace Preferred ABOUT TOWN Â· Â« . Â· C*n* Bocfc *]'P $AY Wt (WTÂ£ fKE #JÂ£ Â· Oft A HUCiXM ARM Met."' Soviet Cools It In Mideast But Nasser Strains Leash By LEON PENXEN UXtTED NATIONS, N. V. XEA) -- According to East European diplomats, Soviet military observers of ttie aerial dog- fighfs along tne Suez Canal are convinced that Egypt's air force represents as yet no real challenge to Isreal. Even President Nasser acknowledged this in private talks witti the dn'.orrnls. lie also conceded that the Israeli army iras more than a match for all the Arab forces combined. Why, then, does Egjpl's president multiply the little "wars ot attrition" lo the accompaniment of blood-curdling threats against Israel? Thc.atvswer seems to be that Nasser is under great pressure from Arab militants and extreme nationalists who wan', him to lake a more aggressive s'anco against Israel. He has been continuously fighting for his political life ever since the Arabs were defeated in the 1967 six-day war. He is taking new risks to appease (he young officers in the Egyptian antiy vrhc are said to be conspiring against him. But even Nasser's Russian sponsors are alarmed by his increasingly "adver.turist policy." It was to warn him of the dangers involved teal Soviet Foreign Minister Andrei Gromyko hurried to Cairo in June. Gromyko reportedly stressed the need for a diplomatic solution of (he Mideast crisis and strongly condemned pro-Chinese Arabs who want to push Egypt into a new war with Israel. Moscow spent some $2 billion Coin Collector's Corner JAMAICA'S NEW DOLLAR By ROBERT SVENSSON As we mentioned previously, this is the year that the little island nation of Jamaica joins the parade to the decimal system of coinage. Jamaica's new coins -will be In denominations from one dollar down to one cent. It differs from U.S. denominations in only two respects. There will be no half dollar, but there will be a twenty-cent piece. (Just in case some readers rush to te!! me that we do not have a dollar coin, Jet's se! (ha record straight. We do have su:h a coin in our sysiem despite the fact (bat it does not circulate.) NEW DOLLAR T-he outstanding coin in the new Jamaican series, and the one collectors will clamor for, wilt undoubtedly be (be new one dollar piece. This coin pays tribute to Sir William Alexander Bustamante, Jamaica's- first Prime Minister. Perhaps more than any other person, Sir William is responsible for Jamaica's present status as an independent country. Jamaica is, however, still a member of the British Commonwealth. Buatamante first appeared on the Jamaican scene in 1932, taking an immediate interest in the island's politics, which were not always as tranquil as tie delightful climate. In fact, Bustamante was interned for strike activities in mi-42. Through the years his influence ccr.'!r,;;cci to be fait and he was responsible for much of Jamaica's forward momentum. In 1961 he successfully led Jamaica's secession from the Federation of Ihe West Indies and in 1962 he formed the island's first government in independence. As a British Commonwealth nation, Jamaica is still ruled by Queen Elizabeth II through a Governor General. Sir William Alexander Bustamante retired from active politics in 1967 and now is honored Eifiblrihi* Mirth W. 1IU 113] Jickion Street, AniiMson, Infant 46015 Telephone 643-5371 Publiihta eviry cvinlng MÂ»pT Sonrfiy by AndÂ«rÂ«n Niwspaittrt. tnc OEOIGI O. CRIUENSiRGEH MlTdlnf, !9MÂ»Â« VI KOBER1 L JACKSON PrÂ«si/inr odd Managtr JANE [ONE* SCOn Vitt-Pmiilint CKAJHES W UUGHUM Stular fetantf Cleu Potion oolJ Â«l AadmiA, In*. jbicrlplleA Rain IF YOU MISS YOUR PAPER, PHONE 612-4240 BETWEEN 5 P.M. and 7 P.M. by the new coin which bears his effigy. The Bustamanle Dollar is copper - nickel srd part of a Proof Set being issued this year by the Government of Jamaica. The coins are being struck by the Royal Mint of London. "HOW TO MAKE PROFITS WITH SILVER DOLLARS" is a fact-filled illustrated booklet for collectors and investors. Lists all dates and mints, many Â·with high premium value. For cony, send 50 cents (coin) and two 6 cent stamps to COIN COLLECTOR'S CORNER, D e p[. 34B, Anderson Daily Bulletin, P.O. Box 5690 Hollytvood, California 90Q2J). NOW YOU KNOW The highest measured mountains on the moon Â»ower to a height of nearly 35,000 feel, more than a mile higher than Alt. Everest. Where To Write Your Legislators G AT WASHINGTON Senate Sea. R. Vance Hartke Room 451 Old Senate Office Building Washington, D. C. 20510 Sen. Birch E. Bayh Jr. Roam 304 Old Senate Office Building Washington, D C. 20310 House Rep. David W. Dennis Room 1729 Longfforth Office Building Washington, D. C. 20J15 (ncDresenllni; (he lOlh Distrlcl ir.- cltidlr.K Madison, Delaware and Henry commits In this a-cj.) Rep. Richard L. Roudcbush Room 2452 Rayburn 0,'fice Building rt, D.C. 20515 MEMin 0) ASSOCIUED r Ih, *,l.cl- Â·I ill l!i nw All Â·)!!,'Â· Â· ' ( N ) 2,0 . . . n- rltrting Grant, Tip:m and Hamillon iuur::ic Lr, [his r.re.u fiep. William G. Bray Room 2305 Kayburn Office Building Washington, D. C. 20515 (Riwese.itjag Hie 6th Dijlricl, In- r.iidmg Hancock Coumy in ih:j to re-equip Egypt's army and air force sin;e 1967 and it is ulike- !y that the Kremlin leaders are willing to see their weapons and planes destroyed a second time in a premature war. The Russians also have real interest -military and economic Â·-- in reopening Ihe Suez Canal. What is even more alarming tor Moscow is Red China's growing influence among young revolutionary officers and Arab guerrillas. Mao Tse-tung has laken ad- var.tage of the Mideast crisis to disparage the "nesv Russian czars" ar,3 present hiniseH as the only true friend of Ihe Arab cause. He recently offered to build rocket missile sites in Syria and supply the Arab guerrillas (vilh weapons to be Uied against Israel. The terrorist Palestine Liberation Organization now has ils OHD "ambassador" in Pekir.g. This is a matter of grave concern not on!)' to Russia but to Nasser and Jordan's King Hus- se'm who are backir.g, however reluctantly, current American- Soviet negotiations for soma Mideast solution. The threat of Peking's propaganda is repeatedly stressed by Mohammad Heykal, editor of Egypt's influential newspaper Al Aiiram and Nasser's spokesman. After Gromyko's trip (o Cairo, Heykal charged that "psychological warfare" was being used in the -Middle East to create misunderstanding between Russia and Ihe Arabs. He accused Mao's partisans amocg rbe young officers and terrorists of trying to create tSie impression that Moscow sold out the Arabs in a political deal wilh the United States. Fu:i-s:ale hostilities in Ih* MicUJe E3st are thus hardly in Mo-cow's interest. There is evidence that Russia is as anxious as the United States lo prevent the crisis from boiling over into another war. This accounts for the cautious optimism in diplomatic civcles. But even the optimists agree that all the ingredients for a sudden explosion are tfaerc. The 1867 war was sparked by the decision of U Thant, secretary general of lie United Nations, to withdraw U,N. forces from the GuS of Aqaba. Now he threatens- to wiibdraw U.N. observers from the Suez Canal. Thus, while war in the Middle East is r,o: imminent, time is no 1 , on the side of peace. There i; only one way lo prevent anoxier explosion -- joint agreement and speedy acliun by (he United States and Russia. BUCHAREST - The United States has concluded thai an imposed solution is the only '.lope for achieving an Arai- Israeli peace settlement in the forseeable future. R u s s i a shares the American viewpoint, but there is as yet no understanding between the two superpowers as lo exactly what kind of solution should be imposed, or how it should be imposed. This information, 1 learned exclusively, was conveyed lo Romanian President Nicolae Ceaucescu by Joseph J. Sisco, American Assislant Secrclary of State for Middle Eastern Affairs, during President Nixon's visit to Bucharest. At President Nixon's request Siscq gave the Romanian Communist leader a fill-in on his recent talks with Soviet leaders in Moscow. Sisco also reported thai the American government believes Gunnar Jsr- rtog. UN Secretary -General U Tuaiil's special mediator in tlie Middle East, is loo weak personally io continue in that role and a stronger man must be found for it. Jarring, who is also Swedish Ambassador to the Soviet Union, has been trying in vain for months to bring about a settlement between Israel and her neighboring Arab sfates. He returned to Moscow recently and may stay there. One reason the American government is understood to feel an imposed solution is necessary is the growing conviction thai il may be politically impossible for either Egypt or Israel to willingly agree to a settlement acceptable to the other. This is believed to be particularly so in the case of Egyptian President Nasser. Toere is considered to be no hope whatsoever of gelling Israel to acquiesce, even under an imposed solution, to a settlement that does not provide for Israeli retention of some of the Arab territory conquered during the J967 six-day war, especially the Gaza Strip. Nasser, howftver, has assured his people time and time again that he will never accept any settlement that does not provide for the complete withdrawal of Israeli forces from all of occupied Arab, and especially Egyptian, territory. His posilion internally is thought to be so weak now that a willing acceptance by dim of a settlement that left any or the Sinai Peninsula in Israel's hands could be political suicide. Extremist mob leaders, students and fanatical young military officers, who are ignorantly over-confident and eager for war revenge against Israel, could become masters of the situation if Nasser made an unpopular settlement with Israel. If, on the other hand, Nasser could tell his people that a settlement had been imposed on him by the great powers and he had accepted it reluctantly and under strong pressure, he might be able to get away with There is some reason to believe he might even welcoms an imposed solution. He is re- ported to feel that liis hand is being forced by extremists and thai he may be driven lo launch an attack against Israel which he knows could only become another military disaster for Egypt. If an imposed solution would avert that danger, he might be relieved by it. It is difficult to sÂ«e l;ow the big powers, or the UN, could impose a selllevnenl without resorting lo tlie throat of economic sanctions, or an embargo on shipments of amis to Israel asd the Arab states. The Russians have refused to enter any discussions with the United Stales on an anus limitation agreement in the Middle East. They apparently do not wish to lie their hands in any way concerning their freedom to ship arms to the Arab countries. Supplying the Arabs wilh military equipment is what has secured for Russia its long cherished ambition of a foothold in the Mediterranean, including air and naval facilities and ofher privileges. For example, Ihe planes which shadow Ihe U. S. s:h Fleet are Soviet aircraft wilh Egyptian markings, but t h e y are piloted by Russian crews. The American government's view about the necessily of an imposed solulion in Ihe Middle East may have been Ihe reason Israel decided Ihis week lo make it clear thai it would not under any circumstances give up the Golan Heights, Gaza Strip or a considerable part of the eastern and southern Sinai Peninsula. The key to the Middle East problem remains a kind ot security guarantee thai the United States and Russia will give Israel concerning ils future fronliers. What has been offered to date in American and Russian peace plans is considered far from sufficient assurance to induce Israel to give up any of Ihe occupied territory which provides more defensible frontiers than me Jewish state had before the 1967 war. The nature of aid that would be rendered to Israel if altack- ed by the Arabs is vague. And how promptly it would be rendered is even more vague. It will be surprising if Russia agrees lo an imposed solulion that would assure a lasting peace between the Arab states and Israel. Western diplomats still doubt Russia wants a settlement that would no longer make the Arabs dependent on Soviet support. Russia is believed to want neither war nor psace, but a continuation of the controlled tension Kial wilj enable it to strengthen its position in '.he Arab countries. Mini-revolt On Nixon's Conservatism Is Sparked i By MARRIANNE MEANS WASHINGTON -- A handful ot liberal-to-moderate Republican Senators, frustrated and disappointed by President Nixon's increasingly conservative policies, have begun to organize a mini-revolt. They have not yet reached the point where they dare plot openly to overthrow Senate Minority Leader Everett Dirksen, but that is clearly where they are headed. "Mat What's ihe dittertnc* betofttn yj on' gitls " The new pressure bloc is being organized by four GOP freshmen who have become known as the "fearless four" for their consistent opposition to the President on such major issues as the Safeguard antiballistic missus authorization, voting rights changes, and the softening of school integration guidelines. They are Sens. Marlow Cook, of Kentucky; Richard Schweiker, ot Pennsylvania; Charles Mathias, of Maryland and Sen. William Saxbe, of Ohio. The first luncheon ot the new group was held secretly about two weeks ago; of 10 liberal Republicans invited, nine showed up. A second luncheon with a larger list is being planned for next week. The natural leader of the group, and probable beneficiary of any eventual move lo dump Dirksen, is Pennsylvania Sen. Hugh Scott, a progressive who is currenlly the GOP Whip. Sen. Scott, however, did not attend the organizing luncheon. The liberals are secretive bout the membership of the group, in part because they hope to expand it a great deal beyond the initial nine. It is known, however, that one of the founding members is Massachusetts Sen. Edward Brooke, whose attitude toward the Nixon Administration is publicly in. creasingly hostile. If the Republicans succeed in creating a functioning organization, on the order of the various philosophical "clubs" that op- erale in the House, they wfll have accomplished a first. In modern Senate history no dissirient group of either party has ever succeeded in organizing a cohesive, independent power bloc through which lo provide new leadership and direction. Approximately a dozen liberal Democrats a t t e m p t e d last See Page 7 And There Was Also Betty, Our Other 'Miss Indiana? The days are beginning to stand on emi as the promoters try lo cope with the tremendous demand over the state for the personal appearances of our "Miss Indiana", Jill Jackson, wlio will be heading for Atlantic Cily within a few days to enter the Miss America Pageant. It certainly figures, for .Till is one of the most popular little Â·gals over lo represent our Hoosier slale. She lias a lot of tilings going for her j n addition to her wholesome good looks. She can sing, slie can dance, she can acl. And the really big deal with her sponsors: she can ac- compnny lierself on the piano as she sings. And io top it all off, she has had enough contact with Ihe public in her numerous local stage appearances that it just comes naturally with her lo have thai sincerity ot charm that puts her over. Her parents, Joe and Annabelle Jackson, are properly appalled, and you can say "that again, over the mounting schedule that just doesn't permit her the rest that she needs so badly if she is Io look her best when the big show starts. This week she has been back in Michigan City for a dizzying round of rehearsals, wardrobe fittings and, well, big planning. She has been appearing at U:e Laporte County Fair under (he auspices ot the Layorte bank. The Jacksons pray meanwhile that she gets Sunday off to catch up on some sleep. Then Monday she hustles down to Indianapolis to model coats and (rocks and gowns for three days in connection with the reopening of a remodeled major Washington Street store. Then back to Anderson on FYi. day. Tlien the following week she represents the Toni Company at Ayr-Way in Indianapolis. The bookings already on f.le go through Thursday,' the 2Â«th. That will allow her exactly one day to catch her breath at home before she has (o take off on Saturday, the Mill, for Atlantic City. Naturally, Joe and Annabelle have the same hopes as any of the other fond parenis -- but just the same they shudder (o thinlr: should she land in, say, the lop three she'd be lost troin them for a whole year. Heavens, she's almost a stranger in Hie house already out on South Main Street! Jill is our first "Miss Indiana under the auspices of the Miss America Pageant, that is true. But there was once another "MUs Indiana" from Anderson, and how bright is the memory of this lovely girl even after (he passage of 41 years. Her name was Betlie M. Dumbris. She was sweet 16 at toe time, a sophomore in Anderson High School and the daughter of A. Paul and Sadie Dumbris, who Jived at 2131 Meridian Street. Later they lived at 3127 East Lynn before returning to their former home in Washington D. C. But we just called her Betty and that's Ihe name she went by when she entered the contest at the local level and proceeded to find wonderful things at the bottom of the rainbow. And like Jill, sbe had appeared in numerous stage productions in this area. She was also a singer. But her specialty was dancing and that, added with her once- in-a-million good looks, took her right into the rea! life role of the Cinderella from Anderson. 4 ft * Today the "Miss Universe" contest is a major event ar.d beauties from all over the worW are entered. But back in '28, it was struggling to get ot( the ground. Not sure, but we think it started about 1926, down at Galveston, Tex. The first inkling that the Anderson and Madison County area had of impending everts was a full-page ad in The BuHetin of Monday, April 16, 1926. We strong-iy suspect our old friend, Bill Grimas, of having concocted it. Bill was z lot younger then , . . Anyway, brace yourselves: "The eye never looked uoon such a galaxy of pretty girls, ar.d they're from Anderson, too. Who'H be 'Miss Anderson'? "In connection with the showing Â« Mary Ptckford's latest picture production. 'My Beit Girl--two nigdls, Thursday and Friday, April 13 and 20--let's see wiio will be Anderson's best and most beautiful girl in the Beauty Contest to be staged by the Indiana Theatre and Ballroom ot Indianapolis and the Crystal Theatre. We're going to send a girl from Anderson. "Who will be 'Miss Anderson'?" The ad proceeded to describe how the winner here would enter the "'Miss Indiana" contest on Monday, May 7, and the winner there, in turn, would be sent to Galveslon for the International Pageant of Beauty on Ju^e 2, 3, \ and 5. The winner of the title "Miss Universe" would receive a cash prize of $5,000. At the bottom of the ad were the instructions: "Girls can enter now by filling out the application blank below or leaving your name at the Crystal Theatre box office." And there was the come-on postscript: "Please note: The young ladies in the contest are not required to wear bathing suits on the stage." It was not until May 5 t h a t we found a picture and modest article in The Bulletin to tho effect that "Miss Betty Dumbris, age 16, student in Anderson High School'', had been chosen the local winner. The last paragraph said "Friends of the high school beauty feel that she has a good chance to capture the state contest. Sno has appeared in a number of home talent productions here. She is a well-trained dancer and also a singer of ability." Well, Betty made Page 1 on Tuesday, May 8. She had been chosen as the prettiest in a lield of entrants representing 22 Indiana cities. In the issue of June 2 we read that "three score ot beautiful girls from two continents will enter the third annual international pageant of pulchritude" at Galveston. First they would select a "Miss U.S.A." on Monday nighl, then she and winners from Mexico, Cuba, Canada and seven European countries would enter the final contest to select a "Miss Universe." It was quite a spell before we found out that Betty had placed fifth in the "Miss U.S.A." event. But that isn't the end of Ihe .sjory ; In The Bulletin of Dec. 19, 3932, we find an account in the social news that best sums up what Belly found at the end of the rainbow: "Announcement was made last night in New York that Miss Betty Dumbris, noted Follies beauty and a former Anderson girl, had been married to Ray Mayr, wealthy New York merchant. Only meager information has been received by Anderson friends regarding the wedding other than that she married the New York business man after a whirlwind courtship. She and Mr, Mayr met for the first time about two weeks ago and their marriage occurred Saturday. "The beauty of the Anderson girl and her achievement at Galveston won her an opportunity from the late Florenz Ziegfeld to appear in his Follies productions late in 1929, her first contact being as a member of the chorus in numerous Ziegfeld productions as a show girl, her reputation gaining her prominence in New York and positions as a model. "After the death of Mr. Ziegfeld, she appeared in George White's 'Scandals' and a musical show, 'Forward March', The former Anderson girl has been highly successful in her stage career. Whether or not Miss Dumbris w i l l continue this career has not been learned." A THOUGHT There shall he one law for tlie native and for the stranger "ho sojourns among you." -- Kiorlus 12:48. The law, in its majestic equality, forhids the rirti as irell 33 liie poor to sleep under bridges to beg in Ihe streets, and (o steal bread. --Analole France, French, novelist. AROUND TOWN 25 YEARS AGO Around Anderson In -Pierce Governor Co. officials slated that the new addition west of the factory was in full operation. The addilion, 100x175 feet, increased floor space by some 15 per cent and was used for receiving, heavy grinding, heat treatment, rough stock, and test departments. The expansion was necessary due (o increased needs for war production. Harry Kelly was contractor for the slruclure. PFC Douglas Boyle, 33, suffered shrapnel wounds in Ihe neck nCiile in Normandy. Tie was awarded Ihe Purple Heart. Before entering the Army in Oct., IMS, Boyle operated a camera shop. Marine Corp. George F. Abney, son of Mr. and Mrs, George W. Abney, received shoulder, arm, and h e a d wounds while fighting in Guam. Abney was graduated from Markleville High and then went to work at Dclco-Hemy Division prior lo joining the Marines in Dec., 1942; he went overseas in Aug., '43. PFC Lowell Walker, 24, euf. fered log injuries as he was fighting in France. He was transferred to an English hos- pilal. His parents were Ihe Rev. and Mrs. Walter Walker. Mrs. Augusta Lanigan received word that her spouse, Pvf. Wilbur Lanigan, 20, was wounded July 28 in France. Lanigan, who was employed al Dclco- Remy, was treated in England for his shoulder and thigh injuries.
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