THJt DOMINANT NKW8PAPEK OF'NO«rHKA8T ARKANSAS AND BOUTHUU3T UIBSOUm JiFNEWS VOL. XLI—NO. 260 BlytheviUe Dally Newi BlythertD* Herald BJythevill* Courier Mississippi Vallty Le«d«r BLYTHEVILI-E, .ARKANSAS, MONDAY, JANUARY 22, 104G SINGLE COPIES FIVE CENTS" RUSSIAN TROOPS 182 MILES FROM BERLIN Wallace Fight Soon May Break On Capitol Hill Picked By President To Succeed Jones As Commerce Secretary WASHINGTON, Jnn. 22 (UP) — President Roosevelt has formally nominated former Vice President Henry Wallace to become Secre- .tary of Commerce— thus touching off what promises lo be one of the bitterest fights of his presidential career.- Wallace's predecessor, Jesse Jones has agreed to step down, but not without a parting shot. He says he feels Wallace Is unsuitcd for his proposed new job With the cabinet post will go supervision of the tremendous financial operations of the Reconstruction Finance Corporation, which Jones has headed since 1933. It is over this job that the anticipated Senate fight is expected lo break. Less than one hour before the nomination went to the Senate, Wallace issued n statement in which he snid his conception of the new job would be "to promote a maximum of national employment by private business." "The common man," said Wallace, "need not tolerate less prosperity in time of peace than In time of war." PAC Influence Charged 111 the congressional rooms at the Cp.pltol, senators expressed strong views on both sides of the, ques- S. Navy Planes $ton Over Formosa and RyukyWlslands; Americans Push Beyond Tarlac WASHINGTON, Jan.' 22 (U.P.)—The island stepping stones.between the Philippines'and Japan, apparently were under terrific American air assault this afternoon. Tokyo.radio rcpgrted that two separate American nava 1 forces are standing off the southern coast of Formosa, and that clouds of carrier planes have been hammering both Formosa and the Ryukyu Islands .to the north. According; to the Japs, more than 550 American carrier planes hit Okinawa Island in the Ryukyu? today, for the tion,-. , .there were charges that . the Jones ; ouster .was dictated by the CIO Political Action Committee. . . Senator W. Lee O'Danlel — like Jones, a Texas Democrat — says he will fight Wallace's appointment on grounds that it is a political move to take : care, of: a lame duck. . . : ^Another Texas -Democrat, this one in the House', says' that with Wallace as ;• head of . the lending agencies, the President' will' find it hard, to get appropriations 'for the .EPCfr"..' ; .; ;l .-r;-";v.-;^':.^--" -.-'• . .Though Republican ; opinion to the , | nomination', has not yet been canvassed,- Seatpr Robert Taft : of Ohio terms •' the ex-vice-president "a very unwise change." Republican Senator Harlan Bush• field of North Dakota praised Jones ns the "best man In the administration" and says his ouster is a big mistake. However, the Wallace nomination found friends , in other . senatorial quarters : where; Democrats Lister Hill of Alabama 'and Tom, Stewart of , Tennessee' agreed'- that 'Wallace will fill the new posE skilfully. And Senator .Theqdori: -Bilbo ,of Mississippi predicts that there will be no floor, fight against Wallace. Williams Picked For REA President Roosevelt also submitted ,'or nomination another name familiar to congressional disputes the name of Aubrey Williams. The President . has nominated Williams to succeed Harry Slattery as chief of Ihe Rural Electrification Administration. Slattery resigned last December ns the result of a dispute over tlic authority or his office. Williams resigned as administrator of the old National Youth administration after a hostile congress eliminated that agency's funds in September of 1943. The already busy senate also heard from the administration in another quarter today. Secretary of State Edward Stettinius Jr., urged the body to approve the United Stales water treaty wilh Mexico and claimed lhat rejection would mean .hardship, misunderstanding, and bitterness between the two nations. In the House, the Military Affairs Committee voted today to exempt workers assigned to war jobs under the work-or-else bill from closed shop provisions of union contracts. The vote on this hotly contested issue is reported lo have been 14 to 10 in favor of the amendment to the May Bill. Committee Chairman Andrew May of Kentucky says his committee will complete action on the measure late today. While the' House waited for the May Bill, Democratic Senator James Murray of Montana introduced his long-promised full-employment bill. The measure carries the endorsement of senators Robert Wagner of New York, "Elbert Homas of Utah, and Joseph O'Mahoney of Wyoming, all Democrats. Murray's bill is designed to provide job opportunities for all who want to work and to strengthen adherence to capitalism and free enterprise. , ' Calumet Soldier Killed On Leyte William B. Pock, 26, Won Battle Citation On Kwajaiein Atoll Tech. Sergt. William B. Pack. 26 son of James Oscar Pack of Calumet commuiiity, died Dec. 6 of wounds received on Leyte, the War Department has informed hi., father. No details of when or ' how wounded were revealed cither in the formal telegram "or in a letter from his commanding officr received the following day. Veteran of much action, Sergeant Pack last Fall was awarded the newly authorized Bronze Star for heroic service in connection' with" military operations against the enemy during the battle for Kwa- Jaleiri Atoll with Maj.- Gen. A. V. Arnold, of the Seventh Infantry Division, presenting the award in a formal ceremony at a Central Pacific base. - • Sergeant Pack, member of an Infantry assault unit, 'received the decoration in'' recognition of his outstanding actions beyond the cal : of duty, in life-bitter five-day battle for. Kwajaiein, center 'of the Jap'h.eld Marshall ;Islands. :.'. Veteran i of -iwov-.campaigns. will the Seventh Division, Sergeant Pack participating in, driving the Japanese;from the fop-bound Aleutian Islands more thnn a year ago. In addition to the Bronze Star, lie wore the National Defense Ribbon, the Asiatic-Pacific Theater Ribbon, with" several battle stars, the Combat Infantry's Badge and the Good Conduct Medal. Volunteering almost three years ago,, he trained in California, bc- second'straight day. Yesterday, according to the en- my broadcasts,, botli Rmnosa and Okinawa were hammered for nine ours by 456 planes. None of these atlncks hns been confirmed as yet by' Admiral Nimttz, 'but .there's no' particular reason to doubt these enemy re- jorts. Land-based ; bombers from the Philippines also have gone Into the air offensive.. General ' MncArthui >ps 'announced that his planes started fires, on Formosa, am scored a direct, hit on a large Ja| vessel off Amoy, on the China coast. Thus,, it may not be long before the Philippines will be one of the largest air base's in - the Pacific American (roops on Luzon Island arc pushing beyond captured Tnrlac, toward .the excellent network of airdromes, at Clark Field. They have about 20 miles to (jo, and dispatches from Luzon indicate' that MncArthur intends lo push on with all the speed he can muster;- In an effort to tnic -them quickly. . '. By taking Tarlac, and also the town of'La : Paz, some distance to the southeast," the Yanks have now pushed to .within 58 miles of Manila, and more than 10 miles Inland from their Lingayen Gulf beachhead. . ' " ! Late Bulletins LONDON, Jan. 22. (Uri-Mar sli;il Stalin announced , loniEhl ihat Ihe lied Ar'my had tiptured Gnlezno, 168 miles from Berlin. WASHINGTON, Jail..'». (UP) —Democratic Senator jame* M. Mead, of New York, told the Senate todny lhat al the Norfolk navy yard, salil lo be short'4,MO essential workers, a war Inyestl- Kathifi ciiminlKjc last week J found "excess manpower, wasted ,Ubor hoarded labor anil enforced kmC- inn." .•-•'•. ,. WASHINGTON, Jin. 22''.(DP) —The Navy today annouuc^t the loss of landing slilp 1,ST 359 as a resull of enemy action In Ihe Al lantlc. ' •-,'• The craft carried a 'normal complement of 50 men of whom two were killed. The icmalndcr of the crew wus rescued, Including 1C wounded men. Allen J. Pipkin , fpro '' , : to; the V, Aleutians •,'.• and , . later ' to' Hawaii '.• ••bef bre,'Yg6lng' .'into. the Philippine, area. ,;,:..!. i-'--'' reared there anl later he was made his home In California with a sister. His father came to Mississippi County in 1936 and in 1939 Sergeant Pack spent a. \ear at Blj'- theville before returning to California. • ' A brother, Pfc. Thomas Pack, is with the Second Air Corps in Italy where stationed more than a year. He also is survived by five sisters, Mrs. Rober-t Eoyd, Mrs. Charles Dunlap and Mrs. Gene Slunio of Linden, Calif., Mrs. Edgar Clayton of Matthews. Mo., and Miss Ressa Pack of Calumet; a half-brother, Alvin Pack, and a half-sister, Anne Lee Pack, both of Calumet, and a step-sister, Eula Freeman, who also makes her home with the elder Mr. Pack. Livestock ST. LOUIS. Jan. 22 (UP)— Hogs 13,500, salable 13,000, top 14.70 110 300 Ibs 14.70, 140-160 IDS 14-14.60, good sows 13.95. Cattle 4,800, salable 4,500, calves 1,200, all salable mixed yearlings and heifer 11.50-14, cows 8.25-H, canners and cutters 6-1.15, slaughter steers 9.50-16,10, slaughter heif-. crs 8.50-15.75, stocker and feeder steers 8-13.25. Camden Plant May Be In Operation March 7 LITTLE ROCK, Jan. 22 (U.P.)— Regional War Manpower Commissioner Floyd Sharp says the first unit of the big naval ordnance plant at Camden probably will be in operation the first of March. Sharp says the current demands for work-or-fight legislation lias resulted in an increase of workers applying for Jobs at the plant. A request for 1000 soldiers to assist in construction of the plant has been withdrawn because of the speed with which workers have been sent to the plant. BlytheviUe Carpenter Is Fatally Injured In Fall While At Work Allen Jerome Pipkin, 56-ycnr-oid carpenter, died Saturday night of injuries received .Friday when he Fell from a saw horse while working nt Blytheyllle Cotton Oil Mill. - Removed , to. \Valls Hospital, examinations:'disclosed a frncturcd left :hip, injuries to the chest aiid fractured 'skull. He died there at 7 p. m. Resident of BlytheviUe 26 years, he came here following World War I in which he served In the Navy. Born, in Hcnning, Tenn., he was reared there and long had followed the carpentry trade. - He is survived by his wife, Mrs. Lucille Pipkin; :&, daughter,' Doris Pipkin of BlytheviUe; two sons, Fred Pipkin of the Navy stationed al Little Creek, Va., nnd Edward Pipkin of BlytheviUe; two stepsons. Murray Harris of St. Louis and Staff Sergt. Glenn Harris of the Army at Fort Leonard Wood, Mo.; two brothers, Dr. Thomas Pipkin of Hennlng, Tenn., and Talmadge Pipkin of Ripley, Tenn., and three sisters, Mrs. John Dunavant of Hcnning, Mrs. Minnie Strickland of Piggott and Mrs. Ida Pinkerston of Dallas, Texas. Funeral arrangements are incomplete but services are expected to bo held here Tuesday afternoon. Cobb Funeral Home is In charge. Nazis Racing From Belgium At Full Speed PARIS, Jim. 22 (UP)—The •Germans apimrenlly are pulling out ol their pocket In Belgium nt to] speed, Just as they came. Front reports sny two' .densely packed German columns arc head- Ing back for the homeland safety of the Siegfried line. And Amerlcar Thunderbolts are swarming . ove: the columns, spraying bullets aiid bombs over Ihc retreating Germans The 'outbound German movemen froni the erstwhile bulge Indliati that Field Marshal Von Rundslcjl hns decided to write off his,Christ nuts., offensive. After weeks, 6 touch-and-go, yard-by-yard '' :pro eress, the American doughboys an having a" hard time hanging on ti the, ..Nazi's heels. Tlicy've siirgci ahead fol- gains of four miles am more.all along the thinning, bulge They've entered the rond ce'ritcr Wllitz, once the southern ' he German lines. And etlnK: pnlv Jhe ny resistance?.-;. • t The,, Jail if, .'Saint .. .own tlie Germans dro^ef :n December, is expected 7 hourly; Returning fliers sny the Germans apparently are shifting 'the force hcy're drawing oul of Belgium t he north and the south, lo nice the French and Brllish threats. Those two drives still are mnkln progress. The French First Arm is carving out slow an^ stead gains across the snowsw'ept Alsnc plains. And the British,'at Ihe fa north of the front, arc flghtln forward toward Slttard.hv anolhe Chicago Wheat- open high low close pr.c!. May . IGI',6 161% IGOVi lOl'/i 16114 July , 152','j 1531i 152 153 152% Proclaims Kiwanis Anniversary Week Mayor E. R .Jackson today issued a nroclamatlon desianating the period beginning yesterday nnd continuing through next Saturday, as Kiwanis Anniversary Week in Blylhevillc. In issuing the proclamation. Mayor Jackson stated that members of the Kiwanis Club In Blvtheville, with 139.000 other Kiwanlans in some 2,250 clubs throughout the United States and Canada, have cooperated in the war effort by purchasing bonds, donating blood, giving their time to draft, ration and other emergency boards, and working In war plants, and urged all citizens to further strengthen the community and promote the war program by supporting activities such as those carried on by the Kiwanis Club. N.Y. Stocks A T & T 163 1-2 Amer Tobacco Anaconda Copper G8 1-2 30 1-8 blinding xnowstornv. .•/> Despite Ihc ' blizzards raging the south • and norlh ends of Hi front, more than 200 Flying For tresses took off from England th morning to give Germany's wanln fuel resources another bombln Th c Forts bombed the synthetic 0 plant at Stcrkrnde. Beth Steel 67 7-8 Chrysler . D3 1-4 Coca Cola 137 Gen Electric 381-2 3en Motors 62 5-8 Monlgomcry Ward 48 7-8 N Y Central 22 7-8 Int Harvester 76 1-2 North Am Aviation 91-2 Republic Steel 191-8 iladlo . ; H 1-1 Socony Vacuum 15 Studebakcr . ID 3-4 Standard of N J 57 Texas COrp 0 '... 51 5-8 Packard --vn.;:. 57-8 U S''Stecl"H-: 59 3-8 Meyer Names Chairmen For Paralysis Fund Community chnlrmcn for the Ir fnnlile Paralysis Campaign In II OsScola District have been !>i nounced by John W. Meyer of Wi son, chairman for thnt district. They Include Steve Rnlph, Osc oln; R. L. Houck, Luxora; Carl Bir Wilson; Harold Ohlcndorf, Gride C. J. Lowrance Jr., Driver; Calv Williams, Bassctt; J. B. Wilso Joiner; c. C. Speck, Frenchman Bayou; Emmett Chiles. Pcca Point; C. L. Denton Jr., Denwoo Jimmy Easlcy.Whitton; D. E. Blac' man, Dycss; Carey Eason, Stillma Lloyd Shclton, Hatcher; W. B. Tyc West Ridge; G. I. Byrd, MIlHean Ridge; Colcman Crews. Crews lateral; n. H. Wihnoth, Etowah; Mrs. R. H. Robinson, Reiser; A. M. Rogers, Victoria; J. T. Cromer, Carson Lake. ; Louis Davis of Blythcvlllc Is serving as chairman for cnlire Missis* slppi County in the campaign sponsored this year for the second time by members of the Blylhevillc Junior Chamber of Commerce. - Breslau Is on Superhighway to Berlin Four Big Rail Towns Of East Poland Fal! To Victorious Reds MOSCOW, Jan. 22 (U.P)—Victory announcements cgimnng to bo heard in Moscow again this afternoon fiy. one o'clock this afternoon (CWT.), Marshal Stalin mtl issued three special orders of the day. One told of tho nplm-c of four biff rail towns }n eastern Poland, putting soviet forces within 182 miles of Berlin. The other told ot 1 ho cn-pliiro of Allcnetein on the last trunk line running out Jf I'nmin And (mother told of the fall of tho East Prussian ortrcst. city of Inatorburg, objective sought by the Russians since last Fall. Instoburg Is the largest city and -lie greatest center for rail uncl ilghway junctions In trie ,path of he Soylet troops pushing on to the 3ast PruasUm capital of Konlgsbcrg It lle« Just about midway between the border of the German province and the caplUUclty itself Only as far Irom Berlin as Pittsburgh Is from Washington, Bi'calnn, as shown on upper map, Is on one.of !lltlei"s famed superhighways ,lo the German c;ipllal. Chief Industrial center of .cnslem Germany, It Is nlso :tn Important transport hub, being on Ihc Ucrlln- iViennn rollway arid serving iis a Junction of main Hues lo 'Berlin ,and_lo the Eastern Front. Lower map shows.-nroalau-liovllu urea " ~"'ln rolullonUo balllc ilnes nfound Polish border. . _£iney Norriinees To Be Acted Oh : 3y Legislature LITTLE HOCK, Jan. 22 (UP) — Governor Ben Lnncy'Vns losubmit i list of appointments today lo the Arkansas. Highway and Penitentiary 3omnilssions to the .Stale Senate 'or •confirmation.' vilh. ask • the Senate lo m his Appointment or seven rtvny . cpmmlssloncfs ami ."'five Bblr.Kotutlie penitentiary. coi'Vr clifion. However, Lancy's list'does- n't Include the nnine of Ihe successor to William Mitchell ns highway director. Nor docs 11 designate who will be appointed superintendent of the stntc peiillcnilnry. Named lo the; highway commls- «loii were Dan Pulton of Mnrlnnnn; Byron D, Brogdon of Sprlngdhle; L. P. Mnnn or Newport; Eininctt William's of Garlnnd City; W. E Thompson of McGhcc; Harold Snd- ler of Little Rock, nnd M. B. Pence of Magnolia. Appointed to the penllcntlarj commission were Edgar Pryor of Camdcn; \V. H. McLurc of Dnrdn- ncllc; J. A. Nenville of Orlffithvlllc: A. R. Merrill o fShlrlcy, and Lloyd Sndlcr of Morrllton. TODAY'S WAB ANALT8» Germans May Attempt Stand At Oder River ; ti Bj HAVlD WEEKS United PKM SMt Tho next 14 dayt, probably will de- ornilne how long Germany uui drag oul the war. 'Tlii! siwcil of tho Russian ndvftiic& Ledo-Burma Road Cleared Of Jap Troops By United Tress : The highway from India through Burma into China hns been finally cleared of all Japanese troops, and may be open for full traffic soon, following tile capture of Wanting, the last Jnp stronghold on the road. A Chinese expcditlonnry force out of China, linked up In force with Lieutenant General Sultan's Chinese army in Burma. The first big convoy of trucks from India already Is at Myllkylnn waiting to complete the last leg Into China ns soon as the rest of the highway Is put Into condition. . In western Burma, the British have extended their control along the Arakan coast by a landing oh Rnmree Island, below Akyab. Other British troops In middle Burma are reported,lo be fighllng h hnnd-lo- hnnd battle for control of nn important railroad town 55 miles northwest of Mandalay. Chicago Rye open high low close pr.cl. 110% 112 ' 110H 111-Vi HOS 106-y. 108',4 106% 108W 101 . May July Power Company Plans Outlined Construction Program Will Cost £800,000, •Workers Arc Told v The Arkansas-Missouri Powe Company's annual . customci'i, serv 'cc mooting of nil • nmnaacrt;, .111) 'oremeiv; chief o'pcrntors, nnd • dc imrlment.hDiids, Is being .held 'to day ntul "tptijbrrow' at Noble Holt for 'the purpose ''of discussing ,nn solving pVohlom-i brought about b wnr conditions, so Ihnt .cuslomc service can be Improved' nnd nihit tallied nt Its highest possible slum nrd. Jame.i'Hl.il Jr., presldenl, openc the meeting' nnd urged timt n pnrllclpatc ; Jn Ihe discussions fo lowing each department head's prr scntatlon of the subjects, to IK rti llvei'ctl hi the t\\'o-dny : progrnm. Charles liny Ncwcomb, sccrclary nnd trensufcr of the -company. briefly outlined Ihe progress of Ihc company's •condition during the lust 10 years. He contrasted the condition existing In the Fall of 1D34 and today, by citing the In- slr.ncc of • the poorly maintained property at Ihc time . that, funds •ere.- not available to allow $GOO xpenclllure lo do .some ' badly ceded repairs. Today the company hns.immed- ntc and future plan.? cnlllng for ' I.ugc Increase in various opernl- ng budpcU lo tnke cnre of In- reused dcmntttls for electric power or government wnr agencies, In- ustry. commercial cslablLshmcnls, estdenllal users, rural dcvclop- ncnt.s, and Improvement of com)any lines and equipment lo nninlnln dependable and low cost ilcctric service. Geo. D. Pollock Jr., presented :onstructlon plans for 1945, which "all for Ihe expenditure of $800,000. :t Is the company's plan to con- .truct lines from Reclor to Corn- IIE and from Rector to Poi tagc- 'lltc, completing n loop in Ihe system which will give additional rapacity and provide better service n those towns and tlirouglMut Ihc •Icctric system. Probably one of .he most interesting projects to be luross Poland Indicates that unless the Germans do somothlng'.drastlc nnd do 11 quickly, Dorlln will j» open lo direct nssault before not too long Tho Germans undoubtedly have ilnns foi n defense on the cnsterr front. Hut tho very pattern as Ml shapes 1 up now, indicates the desperate lengths to which tho Nazis have been forced by the' terrible attrition Inflicted upon them. Slnco the' atnrl of the Russian winter, offensive, thn Red Army ha not yut had to make a real fight for ajiyof-tho around, It tins gninod The Russians took Warsaw almost 'vJllhv comparative cube, nillltnrllj sncaklnu They cnpUncd the area Polish: steel city ( of Lod/, and tin Industrial hub of Krnkow nflci bi Ic The pace of, the Soviet advance ncrosa < Fjut Pruwia is threatening to topple* th,e German defenses all along the Biltlc B«a, to mako'it tm- ixmlblo for ^tie-ilazls lo m^ke a long-drawn,-out ' Tobruk-sland r as they A10, in Estonia, In Latvia and again in Lithuania. • • ,The Russians before capturing Insterburg, outflanked ih6 city, and they now are .less than 33 miles from the East Prussian capital Gtjrmini Prepare- Defenses A London^broadcait reports that the Germani nre throwing up hasty defenses before that New York Cotton Mar. . May . July . Oct. . Dec. . 2200 2181 2H6 2067 2061 2206 2188 2155 2081 2076 2197 2202 2178 2185 2143 2154 2065 2080 2059 2075 2201 2184 2151 2077 Canada's poultry population is said lo be six times greater its human population. than Johnston Calls U. S. Cotton Program Failure MEMPHIS, Jan. 22 fUP>—Presi- dent Oscar Johnston of the Cot- Ion Council of America says the government's cotton purchase program has been a failure; and he recommends ithat It be discontinued in June when it comes up for renewal. Johnston's charge was contained In his .annual report to the council which is meeting In Memphis for ils seventh annual conference. Johnston maintains that the government program has not secured parity for farmers, and, In addition, has worked a iiardship on the cotton marketing'"system. He believes the progrn'hi ultimately would payment plan. lead to the destruction of private enterprise In marketing American cotton and that it would lead to government handling of the entire crop. Johnston's talk reflected the serious concern of cotton men over the future. For example, lie recommends thnt the council ask for a congressional committee to make what he calls a "full, fearless, unbiased" study of the relative merits of cotton and rayon. In his discussion, the President also recommended thnt Congress replace the present export subsidy program with a price adjustment And a law embodying principles of the Bankhead-Enslland Bill. war. That's a proposal to utilize tarlfl receipts for disposal of Amcricav agricultural products abroad. The price adjustment plan woulc give producers an adjustment rep rescnlinj? the difference belweci parity, or a designated pcrccntagi of parity, and Ihe average price prevailing on the ten American spol cotton markets at the time the cot ton Is sold. Johnston warned lhat an expor .subsidy leads In his own words tc 'a throat-culling price war betwcci nations, ill will and bad blood, am 'almost Inevitably lo Intermillona completed soon Is the Installation n newly invented piece of ncnl called "Gaps", on the ilgh lines which arc Ihc main •sources of supply of electricity In .he lerrltory served by Ark-Mo Power. These Gaps which arc lo he us tailed approximately every feet, will protect the hich 1000 line against lightning which will eliminate the source of frequent heretofore uncontrolle^. jintcrniptl-'Mis. The budget tor.rural,dcvelopmen In 1945 has been -double and t rural development engineer, H. P Richardson, Blythcvlllc, Is devot ing his cnlire time to this work Mr. Pollock staled. "Of 7 course tlv war effort Is the No. 1 Job, and al of our plans are contingent upoi the availability of necessary ma tcrials and labor alter the armed forces have been supplied all thn they need." R. C. Crawford, line foreman o Caruthersvlllc, led the discussioi on the two previous subjects. Other subjects discussed tcda; were metering problems by W. I Crnfton, with discussion led by \\ L. French, of Hayll. G. O. Ladd statistician engineer of BlytheviUe discussed rates and contracts, am j. c, Davis of BlytheviUe tnlkei on customer billing, followed by discuss ion, led. by R. N. P.iync o Rector,""'.."" 1 . "' The Soviets stoimed ln(o Gorinai Silesia, mooting resistance com|x>sct largely .of Qcrmnn Volksstium, o homo guards" They've urn Into Iho same kind of second-rate opposition In theli M-rlh) through southwestern Enst PriiBsia In. a drive'-toward Danzig nnd the Baltic, to Isolate Iho Prusslnn province. Saving Betler.Troops Here, then. Is how the. Niinl- foriso ifilrntegy shapes up; The'Ger- mans are still trading land. The main German armies, the best flght- . troops', are being pulled back ito Germany wiicro comniunlcn- lon lines are. shorter. The Russians are being forced to xlcnd their communications over csolatcd territory, Tho Important thing lo remember s that although the Russians have alncd tremendous ground hva short pace of. time'during their current rive,'they have forced no decision, They have not yet destroyed any real part of the German army.' The obvious German strategy is to orce the Russians out to the end of heir supply lines and thcb risk the leclslve stand. It's the sainc .pattern hey have followed through all their Htlsallng retreats from their farthest roaches Into Russia. The main difference between this ind all the other German .strategic withdrawals is .that this Is tiie end of the rope. After this retreat, the Jcrninns face the final decision. There can be no repent performance. Tills lime, the 6crmahs will have ,hcir backs to Berlin Usclf. It's dangerous strategy, thjs final defense ilnn of the Germans, but probably ess dnngerous than any of the al- .crnatlvcs. Sacrifice East Prussia III effect, the Nazis ore throwing away Enst Prussia. They're sacrificing their eastern Ruhr. To Iry 16 defend cither, would commit too great n portion of Germany's re- nalning fighting strength in a pre mature battle. They'd risk a decisive battle before Soviet supply llneb began to feel a strain. Moreover, they'd risk a decisive battle without the advantage of any natural barrier to give them Just lhal much more of an edge. Thus, the only choice, to fall back to Ihc Oder river, where thelr.own lines can be shortened, t the Russian lines lengthened, and a river barrier to aid them. , If the Germans can succeed In slopping the Russian drive '. at tho Odor, then they may stave off de- Icat for several months while Hie Red Army builds up again. »But If the Russians get acros* the Oder in strength, the'Jig is up Tho next two weeks may tell the story. With the Russians already ii Silesia, lljey are In position to sweep rapidly up the flat corridor aloni the east bank of the Oder river t< Breslau. This Is the section where the Ode is at it-s narrowest and shallowest It's only 100 feet across at Breslai and less than that farther-south It's too deep, however, to put troops across except by bridge or boa] Throwing a bridge'across is ftcult operation under battle condl lions, but one which American, en gincers linVe done time and again Helen-ten ui:iuiu ^cvuingiuerg) unit they've dug,themselves into tlie city with a ring of, trenches and nre making ready for n last-ditch stand At the same time, the lo^er arm of the vast Red Army pincers on East Prussia ,fast Is, closing In on the, estimated 2gO ; QfV)'Germans In the piovlncc. Marshal Rokosso\sky's for'ccs driving 1 up to the Baltic Ssa from (he south-are less than 45 miles from thb coast. They've overrun Tunnenberg, v the city where Ger- mnn Gcneial von Hin'dcnburg gnve Rllssla tlw defeat iHat knocked her .out of World War I'And Berlin snys , I tho drlvo'.for tho Baltic sCill Is de\eloping, gnthqilng 'momentum "nt whut tliOj Germans call a llehtnlnlj Tace " i A" >•',"" ' ' 1 tlnlted tPress Correspondent Hony Shapiro reports from Moscow that he German defenses arc "cruni-, | like a house of cards" before Rokossovsky'b men He adds tlut- he Russian officers nic forced to -hango their operational mnps sov- Tol times a day The spfeetl of their iwn.ndvance is more*than they'd ilanncd' for, Draw Near Posen Shapiro adds that the Russians arc grimly measuring tlie miles to Jerlln, as well they might with Marshal.- Zhukov's > forces only ;182 nllee of the German capital Zhu- tov's Droops, In .sweeping thiough he four y large rail cities, now ftie. only 62 miles from one of Russia s main objectives on the way to Berin, the city of Posen In far western 'oland .' ' -, _; At laht reports, the Soviets were advancing < toward Polen at whnt one correspondent calls a mlle-an- lour clip Zhukov's new gains In Po- and have brought his rolling armies abreast of''Marshal Konev's. men farther south in Silesia Berlin still U telling most of the news about tho spectaculni Russian drive through Silesia. At last reports Germany had the Red Army forces Just 29 miles.east^'of the so- called "Little R:uhr" capital, Breslau.' Soviet front dispatches say simply that the Russians are 19 miles Inside. the SUesiari border,. that Nazi resistance -ls : slowly stiffening. The GermanS.'arc trying desperately to stall the Russians They've called up everjl' clerk and school teacher, shut down virtually every mine nnd factory to man the fighting line In Silesia And these men are fighllng with lh( echo of a Berlin warning ringing }n their cars Radio Berlin sent out this chilling word, that German civilians' cari. expect only deportation to Siberia if the Red Army breaks through. Veteran Back In U.S. Fvi. Glenn W. Bunch, son of l!r. and Mrs. Acle Bunch of Yarbro, has arrived In the United States for medical, treatment after seven months overseas service In the European theater. I A Veteran' 1 , of .several battles In France,'Private Bunch'.riow Is in a government hospital on Long Island for treatment for shell shock. He'hopes lo be able to come to Yarbro ^ithui a month to spend a 21-day furlough with his parents Pr Ivkte', •'; Bunch's. wife.; has been making her home in Detroit whila he was in foreign service Weather, ? ARKAtfeAS—Fair' Ihis aftemibn, tonight and ' Tuesda;'. Colder tonight with lowest tempera lures 20 to 25 in north and 54 • to 30 in south: . * on the \5«stern front In prance, J?c> gium and Holland. ^ ', » Whether the Germans can or cannot hold the Oder river line, should bc*clcar In the next; H tfejs.^ „,'
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