The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on June 27, 1966 · Page 1
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 1

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Monday, June 27, 1966
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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS VOL. 62—NO. 88 BLYTHEVILLE, ABKANSAS (72815) MONDAY, JUNE 27,1968 TIN CINTS 12 PAGES ERHARD SEEKS SOVIET OIL TO CALM GERMAN WATERS By JOHN M. HIGHi'OWER AP Special Correspondent BONN, Germany (AP) Chancellor Ludwig Erhard says he is ready to meet with Soviet leaders at any time here or in Moscow for talks on German problems. Renewed interest in the possibility of such talks has developed as a result of declining East-West tensions in Europe, currently dramatized by French President Charles de Gaulle's visit to the Soviet Union. Erhard told The Associated Press in the course of an informal discussion of defense and foreign policy problems that Soviet leaders have a standing invitation to visit West Germany. Asked whether he would be willing to go to Moscow instead, he replied: "I would also be ready to go to Moscow." On other major issues covered during the • discussion in Erhard's office at the Palais Schamburg, the chancellor made these points: 1. He opposes any major withdrawals of U.S. troops from West Germany on the ground that heavy cutbacks could increase the danger of nuclear war and undermine the sense of security of the German people. 2. He wants modification of the agreement under which West Germany buys arms in the United States to offset Ameri- can dollar expenditures (or maintaining six divisions in West Germany. The agreement should be changed, Erhard said, to allow West Germany to buy peaceful space equipment as well as arms for this purpose. 3. Some transitional arrangement will have to be made to cover French troops remaining in West Germany after they are formally separated from the North Atlantic Treaty Organization July 1. Eriiard said he wants the French troops to stay new legal basis justifying their presence has not been negotiated with France. 4. Reunification of Germany is essential to secure peace and stability in Europe but this cannot be obtained through the efforts of Germans alone. It is also a responsibility of the Unitr ed States, Britain, France and the Soviet Union. Only the Soviet Union has refused reunification, Erhard said, so the key to achieving it lies in Moscow. Erhard did not specify what but a new military mission and I problems he would like to take up with Soviet leaders, but there is no doubt reunification would be at the top of the list. The chancellor praised De Gaulle's handling of this issue during his mission to Moscow. He said he was not concerned about the French president's trip. "At my last talk with De Gaulle (in February)," Erbard said, "his trip to Moscow was already decided on. He said then that he would under all circumstances represent the German point of view in the sense and to the extent that he US Troops Near Victory in Hills By ROBERT TUCMAN SAIGON, South Viet Nam (AP)—Thousands of U.S. air calvarymen joined the pursuit today for three North Vietnamese battalions swarming the coastal hills of South Viet Nam's central plateau. In North Viet Nam, U.S. Navy bombers left a large fuel dump in raging flames which sent up billows of smoke visible from as far off as their carrier 150 miles away, an American spokesman reported. C of C Team Goes North Chamber of Commerce president Dan Surge today emphasized the importance of completion of the Chamber's $150,000 industrial fund drive in order that Chamber spokesmen may advertise a 151-acre industrial park to industrial firms which are considering locating here. Burge pointed out that members of the Chamber's industrial committee left today for talks with representatives of industries in Illinois and Indiana. "We're in fairly good shape for these conversations, because Typhoon Headed For Japan TOKYO (AP) - A major typhoon with devastating 173-mile winds moved steadily toward southern Japan today. The Weather Bureau said Typhoon Kit may hit the central coast Tuesday afternoon or evening if it stays on its present course. we're pretty close to owning the property." The Chamber, Burge said, has collected almost $100,000 of the $150,000 needed to purchase the industrial park area. Burge said the additional $50,000 has been pledged but not yet received. When all monies are raised, he said, the property — east of the city near transportation routes — may be purchased and development begun. "In that case, we'll really have something tangible to show potential tenants." E. M. Regenold and R. A. Porter are co-chairmen of the Chamber's industrial fund drive. Burge cited several large donors for their contributions to the drive. These were: Ark-Mo Power Co.: $10,000: Farmers' Bank and Trust: $7,500; First National Banks: $7,500; Blytheville Water Company: $5,000; Southwestern Bell and Telephone Co.: $5,000; and Blytheville Federal Savings and Loan Co.: $4,000. The reinforcements of sky- troopers turned Operation Nathan Hale into a giant seareh- and-destroy sweep involving at least 6,000 U.S. combat troops. The prime target were the battered survivors of a stubborn North Vietnamese battalion hit repeatedly in eight days of fighting. U.S. intelligence sources reported that two other battalions of North Viet Nam's 18B army regiment were in the same area 240 miles northeast of Saigon. Together the three battalions total about 1,500 men, the sources said. So far 359 Communists have been reported killed as the allied force, in small units, painstakingly went after the camouflaged North Vietnamese, making sporadic contact with them. Nineteen Reds were reported captured and 141 weapons were seized. The new spearhead brought bulk of the U.S. 1st Cavalry Airmobile Division into action with elements of the 101st Airborne Division, U.S. Marines and several South Vietnamese Battalions in the expanding Operation Nathan Hale and put the air cavalry's commander, Maj. Gen. John Norton, in overall charge. Eight Army helicopter crewmen were killed today when two choppers collided near Tuy Hoa. To the North, U.S. Marines and Vietnamese troops went after the remnants of another battalion of North Vietnamese regulars and hardcore guerillas in tunnels and .bunkers northwest of Hue, 400 miles northeast of Saigon. The Leathernecks counted 66 enemy bodies, took four North Vietnamese regulars prisoner and captured 37 weapons, a spokesman reported in Saigon. Marine officers at the battle estimated that relentless U.S. air and artillery fire may have cost the lives of 300 Communists, or about half the enemy force. U.S. 7th Fleet ships offshore joined in the barrage. The air raid against the North Vietnamese oil installation left an inferno that glowed late into the night. Twelve hours after the strike by twin-jet A6 Intruders from the carrier Constellation the strategic oil stores were still engulfed in flames, Navy reconnaissance pilots said. The target was a fuel storage area 35 miles northeast of Vinh and 160 miles south of Hanoi. U.S. military men said the raid—one of 68 missions against the Communist North Sunday- was a particularly successful blow at North Viet Nam's vital fuel reserves. These stores have been the target of intensified See VIET NAM on Page 12 Wrecks Kill Three Over Weekend By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Three persons were killed in traffic accidents during the weekend, two of them in separate accidents near Fort Smith. Rose Ann Leding, 21, of Fort Smith was killed when the car in which she was riding left U.F. 71 about 71 about 12 miles south of Fort Smith Saturday. Her two brothers were injured. Leroy Blackford, 33, of North Little Rock was killed when his pickup truck left a road in Fort Smith and overturned Saturday. Larry McPherson, 14, Pocahontas was killed Sunday when the motorbike he was riding was struck by a car driven by Victor Lee, 20, of Memphis, State Trooper Bill Rose reported. The accident occurred on Arkansas 90 in Pocahontas. considers reunification indispensable if peace and security are to return to Europe. "He also said that Russia must be interested in seeing on its western flank - that is, in Europe — not a restless but a pacified Europe. He has done what he said. "De Gaulle in this has done us good service." Erhard made clear that he was not worried about French troops remaining in Germany for a time after July 1 without a new agreement. A transitional arrangement, it is understood, may be worked out with the French when De Gaulle returns from Moscow this week or the German government may issue a declaration of its own to deal with the situation. "We are ready to negotiate about everything and to find a formula," Erhard said. "Whether it takes more or less time seems to me not so important as to maintain that the situation on the first of July will also have changed for us because of what the French have done (in pull ing out from NATO). "Naturally we want to do this in a way that doesn't break any porcelain." Hospitals Buck Welfare Pact After July 1, warns the Arkansas Hospital Association, the state Welfare Department must pay the full cost of treatment it authorizes for patients or face rejection of these patients by most Arkansas hospitals. The Association claims support for its stand from hospital accounting for 60 per cent, or 5,800 of the 6,000, hospital beds in the state. Timing its stand to coincide with the beginning of Medicare benefits on July 1, the assoca- tion said Medicare will result in reduction of average 30 - day payments for welfare patients from $600 to $40 for the state. "That would be a savings of $560 for each patient they've been sending us," said John Cherry, administrator of Chickasawba Hospital in BlvtheviHe and president-elect of the association. The association said State Welfare Comissioner Jim Phillips last week declined to change his position of refusing to pay the full cost of treatment after 30 days, claiming insufficient funds as a reason. "But we don't believe that," an association spokesman said. The association exempted emergency cases from its stand, but said all other welfare patients must be accounted for in welfare office funds or member hospitals will not renew contracts with the state. FATAL ACCIDENT — Rex Tucker, 23, was killed when the bread truck he was driving collided with a car driven by Herman Forman, 21, at Kinfolk Ridge Road and South Ward near Caruthersville Saturday afternoon. Forman and occupants of his car were hospt talized. (Photo by Taylor) At Journey's End Meredith Criticizes 'White Supremacy By JOHN S. LANG JACKSON, Miss. (AP) - The long and turbulent Mississippi march has ended with James H. Meredith — who started it as a "jaurney against fear" — saying the "governor and every other person is going to pay attention to the Negro. "The system of white supremacy wUl reign no longer," Meredih told a heavily guarded rally behind the imposing State Capitol Building Sunday. Some 16,000 persons, most of them Negroes, flowed through Jackson streets to jam into a portion of the Capitol grounds and adjacent areas. The final leg of the march — from Tougiloo College on the outskirts of Jackson to the Capitol — and the rally were marked by a subdued atmosphere. Meredith, 33-year-old Air Force veteran, led the procession with a number of national civil right 1 - leaders, including Dr. Martin ^uther King Jr. Meredith drew the greatest response from the crowd, which couldn't hear half of what was said from the flatbed truck which served as a speaker's platform. Meredith said his father, now dead, told him most white persons "are pretty decent. It's true that we got some mean white folks in Mississippi, but these people can be decent. "There is only one thing that is holding them back. And that thing is the system of white supremacy. "The purpose of the march that I started three weeks ago was to point up and to challenge that thing at the base of the system of white supremacy. That thing is fear — a fear that grips the Negro in America to his very bones, not only in Missis- sippi, but in every section of this country, because every inch of the country is controlled by the system of white suprema cy." Meredith recalled that he was shot on the second day of his march "but as you can see here, that didn't end a thing." Meredith began the trek June A. F. Barham Dies at Home In Osceola Funeral services were held at 2 p.m. today at First Christian Church in Osceola for Albert Franklin Barham, Osceola attorney, who died Saturday at his home. Burial was in Ermen Cemetery of Osceola, with Memphis Funeral Home in charge. He was 82. Mr. Barham, born in North Carolina, moved to Arkansas as a young man. He was the oldest member of the Mississippi County Bar Association and had been active for his entire life in civil and political activities in the state. ,A Rotarian, he was president and one of the incorporators of the Student Aid Foundation, Inc., an organization begun in the early 1950's to aid Osceola area students with college loans. He leaves his wife, Mrs. Beu!ah Barham of Osceola; A daughter, Mrs. Tom Johnston of Osceola; A son, A. F. Barham, Jr., of Durham, N. C.; A sister, Mrs. Rose Hall of Parma, Mo.; And two grandchildren. 5 at Memphis, Tenn., 225 miles north of Jackson. .He was wounded by a blast of birdshot from a shotgun the -day near Hernando, Miss., after covering 27 miles. A white man, Aubrey .Nprvell, of Memphis; was charged with attempted murder and is free on a $25,000 bond in the case. King" and other lational civil rights figures rushed in to take up the marathon mission, turning it into a Negro voter regis- ration crusade. They led the marchers off U.S. 51 — the route planned by Meredith — and meandered through the heavily Negro populated delta area. The trek covered 252 miles on the highways, many more inside such Mississippi towns as Batesville, Grenada, Greenwood, Itta Bena, and Belzoni. A side trip by auto to Philadelphia for a rally unleashed violence and a task force from the march returned to the east-central Mississippi town last Friday for a two-mile walk to he courthouse under heavy police guard. There was also violence at Canton, where the marchers were dispersed by police tear gas when they tried to set up tents on a school yard which authorities had forbidden them to use. Meredith recuperated from MS wounds in New York, where is a law student at Columbia University. He returned Friday, triumphantly leading a column down U.S. 51 from Canton to Tougaloo College. Meredith walked at the front of Sunday's final procession for a while. He had to drop out arid ride ahead in an auto because lis leg, still not healed from the lirdshot wounds, began swell- See MEREDITH on Page 12 Drowns Conservative Leaders Philosophy Negro Marchers Rally to Chant of 'Black Power By DON MCKEE JACKSON, Miss. (AP) - A chant echoes still from the Mississippi civil rights march, voicing clearly the Negro's disillusionment with past methods and his growing belief that political strength holds the key to his problem. "Black power! Black power!" became he rallying cry suddenly after the march had been in progress for nearly two weeks. This was the slogan that more than anything struck responsive chords. The eagerness with which the Ne^ro masses seized upon the word disconcerted the more eonierviUve leaders. It deepened the philosophical rift within the civil rights movement. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., who got into the march against the advice of a key associate, found himself fighting for control against a militant faction that talked of power, violence and disorders. King, in the end, maintained his dominant role among the leadership but recognized the changing mood of Negroes. He defended nonviolence in integration but quit talking about new federal legislation — apparently no one was interested, The march, (ram all indica- ions, stirred many Negroes to action. Hundreds flocked to voter registration offices; they joined in rallies and trudge doggedly down the pavement. * * * In contrast to the Alabama march of 1965, the Mississippi march touched the masses with a message of hope and self-respect. The Alabama march had a single purpose — to get a federal voting rights law enacted. While the Mississippi demonstration gave considerable emphasis to a proposed law now in Congress, it's real significance lies in its triggering response among Negroes in Mississippi. Today' Negroes are not concerned about legslation. They talk about bread on the table, money in their pockets, and Negro officeholders in the towns and counties. The march emphasized deepening resentment of what is considered by some Negro leaders to be inaction by the federal government and particularly President Johnson in imple- indeed menting the major civil rights laws enacted in the past two years. The man who started the marathon march, James H. Meredith, said he had set out to help Negroes everccme their fears. Perhaps he did to some| extent. The march disclosed a new mood of belligerence among Negroes, a growing frustration over conditions and widespread rejection of nonvilence. Developments during the long, tortuous trek over miles of Mississippi highways and streets indicated that many Negroes have indeed lost their fear of repri- als for civil rights activities. Negroes fought back when attacked by whites in Philadelphia, Miss. A Negro man had to be forcibly restrained during a dispute with state highway patrolmen in Belzoni. Significantly, the developments confirmed a statement made two months ago by Stokely Carmichael, naional chairman of the radical Student Nonviolent Coordinating Comittee. "Integration is irrelevant," lie said. This attitude prevailed among Negroes interviewed along the march route. * * * It was Carmichael and other SNCC leaders who began talking of black power. But, while this was interpreted by some observers is black supremacy, many of the Negro leaders decided it meant merely political power. That the march reached the rural Negroes was plainly evident by the way in which food and shelter were cheerfully provided all along the route by local Negroes. The march revealed, too, that funds do not pour in as a result of marches and dramatic or violent confrontations as they have in the past, particularly a Selma and Birmingham, Ala. Appeals for donations were made at two huge rallies in Jackson and King said two days ago money had not been coming in at a rate sufficient to meet the needs of the march. The long march opened the way for more concerted voter drives and political activity pat- terned after the Mississippi Freedom Democratic party line. Henry Smith, 60, Greenwood, Miss., a man who took part in the 1963 march on Washington and the Alabama march last year, was asked what had the march accomplished. "I believe, a heap," he said. illllllllllllillllllllllllllillilillllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllUilH Weather Forecast Clear to partly cloudy with little temperature change through Tuesday. Highs today and tomorrow 90-100. Overnight lows: 64-72. For Wesnesday: partly cloudy and continued hot. 1

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