Cloudy Increasing cloudiness to- day with highs in the upper 30s. Mostly cloudy tonight with the possibility of snow late tonight then changing to rain Sunday. Low tonight in the 20s. High Sunday around Q VOL. LXV, NO. 227 JEFFERSON CITY, MISSOURI SATURDAY MORNING, JANUARY 22, 1977 ,15c f Snow drift house Flvt-yÂ«or-old H*nry Harmon stands fnsid* thÂ« door h* and his brothers and slst*rs scooptd out of mow piled along a highway near their home at Kankley, III., near Streator, III. (Associated Press laserphoto) Weather effects charted (By Associated Press) Temperatures rose much nearer normal winter levels on Friday in a break in the cold wave which has caused fuel shortages, layoffs, and heavy crop damage in Florida. Tens of thousands of workers have been sent home and plants have closed or reduced work hours because of fuel shortages brought on by the heavy demand for home heating. From 15,000 to 22,000 coal miners remained laid off in West Virginia because coal already mined has frozen in the railroad cars. Coal shipping points at Norfolk and Newport News, Va., and Baltimore report ship loading was running up to 75 per cent behind schedule. The delays mean there are no empty railroad cars for coal loading in West Virginia. But if the eastern half of the nation was suffering from too much winter, the economic impact came from the opposite side of the coin in the West. in Idaho, Key Airlines has laid off half its employes because of red'uced ski traffic to Sun Valley. James Bacon, vice president and general manager of Key, said Thursday the airline dismissed 43 of its 99 employes. "Everv week we're eoine without snow at Sun Valley, it's costing Key Ajrlines about $50,000 worth of revenue," Bacon iaid. In Minnesota, having power troubles because of the bitter cold, Gov. Rudy Perpich and top state officials decided Friday to adopt a four-day, 40-hour work week for state office employes as an energy conservation measure, beginning next week. Perpich also directed state colleges and universities . to adopt energy conservation measures which would save a minimum of 20 per cent but he asked them to attempt to reduce their fuel consumption by 5 per cent more. The governor also appealed to business to immediately stop the use of outdoor lighting for advertising. Florida agricultural officials said the sudden freeze has caused millions of dollars in damage and undoubtedly will result in higher fruit and vegetable prices for consumers especially in the eastern half of the nation. Natural gas plans aired WASHINGTON (AP) - President Carter's new energy Czar, James R. Schlesinger, convened a White House meeting Friday, his first day in office, to consider proposals by natural gas pipelines for legislation to let them allocate scarce gas supplies among themselves. The pipelines also suggested legislation to allow emergency sales of natural gas at unregulated prices for up to 180 days, an idea which was ruled out under existing law by the federal courts last year. Carter issued a statement following the two-hour meeting, saying: "I have instructed Dr. Schlesinger to work with congressional leaders to develop emergency legislation that will augment our legal means to distribute equitably our available supplies, protect property and safeguard the health and safety of our people." Carter's statement did not explain the type of legislation under consideration. A participant in the meeting, former Federal Power Commission Chairman LeeC. White, told a reporter of the pipeline proposals and said no decisions on them were reached at the session. White said he got the impression the White House would make an effort over the next few days to see if it could draft legislation that would "be helpful but avoid the difficult, controversial areas so it won't get bogged down in Congress." White said the pipelines have made some voluntary transfers of natural gas, but as shortages deepen they want legislation protecting them against possible legal liability or antitrust violations if they are to divert gas from their normal customers to other pipelines whose customers face severe shortages. White, who now represents an energy consumers group, said that proposal might be acceptable, but he had some doubts about the second proposal to authorize 180-day emergency sales above the ceiling prices set by the FPC. " He said the proposals were presented by an official of the Interstate Natural Gas Association of America, who was accompanied by representatives of a number of pipelines. In his statement, Carter urged all Americans to turn down their thermostats to 65 degrees during the day and lower at night to save energy, regardless how their homes are heated. "I am immediately directing that this discipline be observed in all government installations," Carter added. See NATURAL, page 6 Corn increase expected WASHINGTON (AP) -- Farmers plan to increase corn plantings one-half of one per cent this spring and soybean acreages 6 per cent from last year, two crops which are important to future consumer food prices, the Agriculture Department said Friday. The department's Crop Reporting Board, in its first general look at 1977 harvest potential said that farmers indicated in surveys dn Jan', l that they intend to plant about 84.5 million acres of corn for harvest this year, compared with 84.1 million in 1976. Soybean plantings were indicated at 53.1 million acres against 50.3 million planted last year. The report did not project what 1977 crops may actually produce, only the number of acres farmers said they intend to plant. Another planting survey will be announced April 14, about the time many farmers are sowing their fields. As livestock feed, corn is the major U.S. grain for producing the bulk of the beef, pork, poultry, eggs and milk. Soybeans are crushed into vegetable oil and meal which is a high protein ingredient for livestock feed. Record grain crops, including corn, have been f produced the past two years and have contributed to an easing of the consumer food price spiral from annual increase rates of 14.5 per cent each in 1973 and 1974 to 8.5 per cent in 1975 and 3 per cent last year. Partly as a result of those bumper harvests, food prices are expected to be held to a 3 to 4 per cent gain in 1977, according to USDA experts. The report said also that cotton producers 'intend to plant more this year, about 12.8 million acres against 11.6 million for the 1976 harvest, an increase of 10 per cent. When farmers planted 84.1 million acres of corn last spring, it was the largest acreage since 1949 and produced a record harvest last fall of more than 6.2 billion bushels, up 7 per cent from the previous high of 5.8 billion in 1975. Based on the latest survey, this year's corn plantings now will be the largest since 1949. The corn boost last year was partly at the expense of soybean plantings which, because of a poor price outlook at the time, were reduced sharolv. Last vfiar's soybean harvest was about 1.26 billion bushels, down. 18 per cent from 1975. See CORN page 6 Carter's amnesty action creates sharp criticism WASHINGTON (AP) - President Carter on his first full day in office kept a campaign promise by granting a full, complete and un- conditional pardon Friday to all Vietnam-era draft evaders who were not involved in any violent acts. Draft evaders who are overseas and who qualify can now return home without fear of prosecution, Carter's press secretary, Jody Powell, said. The pardon does not apply to military deserters. The pardon was sharply criticized by veterans' groups and some members of Con- gress who said it would make future military mobilization more difficult. Some groups criticized Carter for not going far enough. T. Cooper Holt, executive director of the Washington office of the Veterans of Foreign Wars, said: "This is probably one of the sad- dest days in the history of our country, even surpassing the Watergate days. President Carter will have to accept the reponsibility of arming our military in case of another confrontation with a foreign power." The new President acted less then than a week after outgoing President Ford decided not to grant any new pardons. Carter did not grant pardons to military deserters. Instead, he ordered immediate Pentagon review of their cases with a view to some unspecified future action affecting them. Carter also ordered a review of general and undesirable discharges with a view to possible improvements in their status. But the White House said no further action is con- templated on bad conduct or dishonorable discharges. "We want to look at all our options of what to do if anything, he said. At the Justice Department, spokesman John Russell said, "We calculate that around 10,000 people will be affected" by Carter's pardon. Department officials are working on a system to notify those people about the par- don and hope to have the procedure ready to submit to Griffin Bell when he is confirmed as attorney general, Russell said. He said most of those affected are the 8,700 who have been convicted of draft violations. Another 1,800 are fugitives, about 1,300 in Canada, 300 in other countries and 200 whose whereabouts are unknown. About 2,700 are under indictment on draft charges, including many of the fugitives. Russell reported. Carter's pardon means freedom for at least five men now in federal prisons for draft convictions. Department officials are reviewing prison records to determine if other draft violators now are confined. Russell said there may be many other "people who failed to register for Selective Service during that period and are unknown" to the department and they, too, would be affected bv the pardon. Under the program of opening the way for draft evaders to return home, those who have become citizens of another country can come home to visit families, but if they wish to regain U.S citizenship they will have to ap- ply under the same terms and conditions as any other alien, Powell said. See AMNESTY, page 6 PSC members FBI admits wish to interrogate GI on missing pair await meetings The members of the Missouri Public Service Com- mission and Gov. Joseph Teasdale will meet next Wednesday for the first time since Teasdale began criticizing the commission a year ago in his political campaign. "I'm glad that it's finally happening," said Commissioner Stephen Jones on Friday. "It will finally give us a chance to clear the air and find out where everyone stands.". Teasdale, whose representative termed the meetings as "a visit" with the governor, will meet with each member of the commission individually for about 30 minutes. The meetings will be private since attempts to meet secretly with the entire commission were determined illegal. The telephone call setting up the meetings was the first contact the new administration has had with the five-member PSC other than through the press. Teasdale went through his entire campaign accusing the commission of approving "unfair and unjust" hikes in utility rates and claiming the members are controlled by the companies they regulate. He says he will ask for the resignations of four of the commissioners, claiming only James Mulvaney, who has built a reputation as a consumer advocate, should continue to serve. It was a popular stance in a time of spiraling inflation and continually rising utility, rates, and Teasdale capitalized on it to win the governor's race' with an upset victory. But the only proof he has offered of his charges against the commission was the earnings statements of utilities, which continued to show good profits. Throughout the campaign, the commissioners declined to respond to Teasdale's charges, contending they did not want to become politically involved while continuing to serve on the PSC. See PSC, page 6 Town of Polo asks water aid POLO, Mb". (AP) - Polo pu: out another call for help Friday. An old tractor-trailer tank truck the tiny northwestern Missouri town has been using to haul water to keep from running dry'broke down. The office of state Rep. Bob Griffin relayed Polo's call for temporary loan of a truck-tractor to which it could hook up its water tank until repairs can be made. Â·Polo has been keeping its 438 residents in water during the winter by hauling from 5,000 to 10,000 gallons a day from neighboring Caldwell County communities Braymer and Hamilton. That water is needed to supplement Polo's dwindling supply from five city wells which have been averaging less than 20,000 gallons a day. Polo requires about 30,000 gallons daily. Mrs. Omar Berry, wife of the mayor, reported that "pressure was getting a little low last night, and they' had to haul another load of water." Then, the truck's clutch and brakes went out. Polo overcame a recent shortage of natural gas by blending it with propane gas to make up the difference and pumping the mixture through the city mains. FT. LEONARD WOOD (AP) - The FBI acknowledged it is seeking but has not found any connection between the slaying of three young people on this A r m y post last week and the disappearance of a teenage boy and girl in October. The only trace of Alfred Hofmann Marshall and Teresa Gossage, children of military men stationed at Ft. Leonard Wood, was a car abandoned in a remote area but some distance from the scene of the recent slayings. "After all this time the only thing we have to go on in that case is an abandon- ed car and the fact that two young people are missing," said Bill Williams, special agent in charge of the FBI office at Kan- sas City. Williams reported Friday that the in- vestigators have decided they cannot yet question Spec. 4 Johnnie Lee Thornton. The 23-year-old military policeman from Russellville, Ark., is charged in connection with the murder of one of the three teenagers whose bodies were found last week. He is undergoing a 90- day psychiatric evaluation at the Medical Center for Federal Prisoners at Springfield, Mo. Williams said there will be no questioning of him by c r i m i n a l investigators at least until after his preliminary hearing, scheduled for next Monday in Springfield, or presentation of the case to a federal grand jury in Kansas City on Tuesday. "They kept telling us they are runaways," said Alfred Marshall's mother, Mrs. Helga Marshall. But. she doesn't believe it, and after last week's violence she is afraid her son and Teresa Gossage are dead. "I pray and wait and hope," she said. "It never goes out of my head. It drives me crazy. He was my only child." Col. and Mrs. Donald Gossage, Teresa's parents, declined to comment on the new develpments but confirmed they have not heard from their daughter since she disappeared in October. The only survivor of last week's slaughter was Juanita Deckard, 19, who was on a double date with the three other teenagers who lived in the Ozarks just south of the military reservation. Investigators quoted her as saying a military policeman stopped their car on a state highway which goes through an edge' of the post. She said she and her companions were forced to get into the MP vehicle and were driven to an isolated part of the reservation. All were shot and buried in a snow drift. Miss Deckard's wounds were superficial, but she pretended to be dead. Despite her wounds, the snow and bitter cold she managed to to struggle six miles to a highway and was picked up hours later and taken to a hospital. Spec. 4 Thornton also served as a game warden, and Mrs. Marshall fears that her son and Teresa Gossage en- countered someone they knew or trusted. "The Car was parked and locked, and See FBI, page 6 Vocational school growths expected Good morning A mental patient's question reveals a corn-, mon misconception -- that digging into the post to find the "cause" of one's mental health problem is the only effective treatment. Ac- tually, it is pointed out, this approach is not effective in a majority of cases. Open Mind, page 10 Weather page 3 Crossword page 9 Editorials Â· page 4 Good health page 9 Women page 5 Dr. Brothers page 10 Ann Landers page 5 Daily record page 11 Sports pages?, 8 Obituaries page 11 Comics parte9 Classified pages.11-13 Vocational school enrollment will shoot up four-fold before the end of the century, a state Board of Education task force reports. In its report, which the board has taken under advisement, Task Force 1990 says more than half a million Missourians will need vocational train- ing by 1990 and the group recommends extensive enlargement of the present vocational school facilities. The 18-member study committee'was appointed by the board in 1975 to make projections for the state's vocational training needs for the next 15 years. It presented its report in the board's regular meeting Friday. In 1975, the vocational school enrollment was 123,547. That figure is expected to more than double by 1980, with 270,000 high school students, post- secondary trainees and adults enrolled, the report says. Changing needs of technology will force about 10 per cent of Missourians between the ages of 25 and 49 to seek more advanced training by 1990, the reportadds. To meet the rising demand for voca- tional education, the task force recom- mends expansion and improvement of the state's 53 area vocational schools, and construction of four more vocational schools. Those new schools should be located in Platte County, southern Clin- ton County, southern Buchanan County and in Clay County, the report says. The report suggests that regular schools in north-central, northeast and south-central Missouri offer a wider pro- gram of vocational course because of the lack of vocational schools in those areas. Commissioner of Education Arthur L. Mallory said he was not surprised by the task force's projections. "When you study the population trends and the rapid change of technology, the numbers are there." Mallory noted that education is not an end to itself, and "useful, productive skills are badly needed in the world of work. This fact has to be a major con- sideration in a good education system." High school students will continue to dominate the vocational school enroll- ment in 1990, the report says, with 162,000--more than half of the total--at- tending vocational schools. Young persons, the report added, are becoming more determined to choose a career of their liking rather than for r e a s o n s of t r a d i t i o n or status--often because of skyrocketing college tuition costs.
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