Clarion-Ledger from Jackson, Mississippi on June 2, 1951 · Page 1
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Clarion-Ledger from Jackson, Mississippi · Page 1

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Jackson, Mississippi
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Saturday, June 2, 1951
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Today's Index AMUSEMENTS Pg 6 CHURCH PAGE Pa9 2 CLASSIFIED ADS Page 9-11 COMICS 7-1 EDITORIAL Pag 4 FINANCIAL Pot 8 RADIO LOG Page 6 SOCIETY Pog 8 SPORTS Pagtt 5-6 SATURDAY FORECAST Fair to partly cloudy, continued hot. Expected high 99, expected low 73. Sunrise 4:54 a.m., sunset 7:04 p.m. FRIDAY RECORD High 102 at 2:30 p.m., low 70 at 6 a. m. Pearl River at Jackson, 4.7, down 0.3 foot. Mississippi River at Vlcksburg 25.7 down 0.7 foot. Mississippi's Leading Newspaper For More Than A Century Established 1837 5c PER COPY Jackson, Mississippi, Saturday Morning, June 2, 1951 VOL CXI 1 1 NO. 143 Full AP end INS Reports Mercury Soars To Record 102 Here On Friday Wright And Corley Join In Calls For Statewide Prayer People of the Southland, and in Mississippi particularly, might well turn to the Omnipotent One In a lime of emergency evolved by the 41-day drought now current, which is threatening to destroy the crops, pasture lands and forests of our section. ' Oov. Fielding L. Wright Joined with commissioner of Agriculture 61 Corley in a statement Friday, advancing this thought as follows: "This is a trying hour for our agricultural state. We feel that WW M M m- H mtmm mm mmm mmmm t m An all-time weather bureau record win broken Friday afternoon when the temperature roue to 102 degrees. Friday was not only the hottest June 1 on record, but it wa the hottest day this early In the season ever recorded for Jackson and vicinity. No rain was forecast for the Jackson area, however, a few clouds during the mid and late afternoon were basis for a little hope that relief might not be as far away as it has been. Rome sections of the state are getting rrllef. A good rain fell in Laurel beginning at 3:55 p.m. Friday, thunder was heard In Hattiesburg. and some surrounding sections of the city received a few showers. The coastal section got a fair rain Friday also. On Thursday some sections of north and east Mississippi got some relief with an inch of rain reported at Columbus, an Inch at Batesville. and some at Aberdeen and other areas. But as Friday passed, so did the 41st day without rain in the Jackson area. only Ood himself controls our destiny, and. at this time, when we find ourselves and our economy endangered by a circumstance over which we have no control, that we should turn to God Almighty. "Therefore, we are suggesting to the people of this state, both white and colored, and to the clergy. If thev will permit, that our people as thev gather in the churches on Sunday, offer a prayer that the emergency .which faces us be lifted, if it is God's will. "We need rain, as perhaps our atate has never needed it before. Our crops are drying up, our past-urelands are parching. Ruin and hardship mav face us, if we do not get rain, and soon. "It is our hope that we shall all turn to Him who controls, a 1 1, at this time. May we pray for rain." the governor and commissioner of agriculture said. The drought that exists in Mls-alsslpnl at this time similarly exists throughout most of the Southland. This section is one of the finest producing areas of the nation. Mr. Corlev cited that our government has asked Mississippi this year for 2.000,000 bales of cotton as an aid to our defense effort. He calls to attention that wide acreas of planted cotton have not reached a stand due to lack of moisture from the clouds. Corn, vegetables, pastures and either crops are threatened with complete destruction unless me rains come. "I have been approached by a would-be rainmaker, and tests may be made with dry ice to cause precipitation." Mr. Corley said. "The wonders of science are many, and T f e e 1 that any end would be Justified, so long as it is honorable, to produce rain. "But. in the last analysis. I know where to turn, and I hope that the citizens in the rural areas and the urbanites alike, will deal in prayer that our present lack of rain may be set aside by the will of God," Mr. Corley concluded. Gen. Hanna Relieved From Active Duly Atlanta. June 1 INS Brig. Gen. Waiter J. Hanna, who has been critical of sending Inadequately trained recruits to Korea, was relieved from active duty at his own request today. Third army spokesman at Fort Mac Pherson said the Birmingham, Ala., officer will go on inactive duty Saturday. Hanna recently was relieved of duties as assistant division commander of the 31st (Dixie) Division at Fort Jackson. S. C. but Army spokesman said that action had nothing to do with Hanna's well-pub-lictzed criticism of Korean policies. Col. N. J. Thompson, third army information officer, said "It's Just an intra-divlsion affair." Hanna requested relief from active duty in order to return to his post as Adjutant General of Alabama. He was holding that position when the 31st National Guard Division was called to active service last January. Cattle Sales Up In Lamar County Lumberton, June 1 Cattle sales at the Lamar County Sales Barn Just north of Lumberton. are mounting and on Wednesday of this w eek 250 head were auctioned off at prices that pleased cattle raisers. Good calves Drought 36 cents a pound. One Shorthorn bull sold for $5C0. and a woman cattle raiser sold a group ot 74 cows, yearlings and calves that averag. ed over $100 a head. The barn is operated by Clifford Byrd and Herman Bilbo, with. "Suck Batson a auctioneer. TEXAS BOOTS were presented the Governor and Mayor here Friday by Gladewater, Tex., band. They are enroute to the national Jaycee convention in Miami. (Left to right) Ann Brown, Governor Wright, Nancy Stevens and Mayor Thompson. (Photo by Cliff Bingham) Big Manufacturers Grab Brakes To Stop Spread Of Memphis. Tenn., June 1 VF The price dam broke here today with sharp reductions on some electric appliances and an announcement that more cuts on fair trade Items were on the way. The price attacks was opened by Nathan Shalnberg, president of Black and White stores. Some goods were priced down as much as 30 per cent. "And more cuts are coming," aid Shainberg. At about the same time. Col. J. D. Chambers, head of Bry's Department store said he was meeting these reductions in the price of RCA television sets: 17-inch, from $399.50 to $307.62, 16-Inch, from S399.95 to $314.69, and 19-inch, from $469.50 to $369.90. On the price war. Chambers said: "Of course, it's sill v. We're going to meet them all. We won't be undersold." New York. June 1 PV Big man ufacturers grabbed for the brakes today as New York's price war threatened to spread. Eversharp, Inc., which makes pens and pencils cut off deliveries to Macy's. The manufacturer of Palm Beach suits threatened to do the same. The big New York department store head over heels in the middle of the price battle had no immediate reply to the ultimatums. Maccy's has cut Palm Beach suits as low as $17.94. They regularly sell for $29.95. Local Carpenter Signs Confession Admits Criminal Assault On Negro The 48-year-old Jackson carpenter who was arrested Thursday for criminal assault on a 14-year-old negro girl signed a full confession of the attack here late Friday afternoon. Meanwhile, he is being held without bond. H. L. Morrow, unemployed carpenter of 925 Langley street, was picked from a line-up of seven prisoners held in the Hinds county Jail by his victim, a 9th grade Lanier High School student Thursday. He told officers how he drove through a negro section of South Jackscfn to find the 14-year-old girl that he carried four miles south of U. S. 80, eround 8 a. m. Thursday. The girl was picked up at her house under the pretense of going to baby-sit" for Morrow and bis family while they went fishing. Chief Criminal Deputy J. T. Naugher said Morrow admitted carrying the girl off the Wiggins road near an old lake, but dented that he forcibly "raped" her. He told the officers that the girl did not resist his Intimacies with her but that she did become frightened when he first turned off the main road. He signed a confession which related how he re-assured the youthful girl that he "was not going to throw her into the lake." The girl's mother told officers, who were summoned as soon as she returned home between 9:30 and 10 a. m. Thursday, that her daughter returned home crying and bleeding. She was treated by a Clinton physician, who also revealed to deputies from the office of the Hinds county sheriff, that the 14-year-old girl has been assaulted. Morrow, who has no previous record of arrests according to the officers, is married and has a 23-year-old daughter. He was arrested at his residence on Langley street around 11 a. m. Thursday. Chief Deputy Naugher related Friday how the officers had to study "license tag numbers In order to obtain the correct identity of the man the victim described. Naugher said the girl was off on one number of the license tag. but the "Juggling" of numbers provided the license tag of the Chevrolet coup belonging to Morrow. County attorney Hugh B. Gillespie told officers Friday that bond would not be allowed for Morrow, however he had not had a preliminary hearing. Irving Kathman. Eversharp vice president, messaged Macy s: "In view of your failure to main tain fair trade minimum prices on our writing Instruments, and have publicly advertised price cuts, we feel compelled to discontinue hon-oring your orders." Palm Beach suits are made by Goodall Fabrics, Inc. Their presi dent, E. L. Ward, said in Chicago that Macy's must charge regular prices hereafter or go without any more Palm Beach suits. Ward singled out Macy's, he said because the other big New York stores cut prices in self-defense af ter Macy's started it. .The suit manufacturer said the other stores will be blacklisted by Goodall if they continued to slash Palm Beach prices. He called the ultimatum "the only thing a manufacturer with a name worth anything and a product with intrinsic value can do. The New York price cutting war went through a third day at fever heat. Hordes of bargain hunters, Jost- Leflore Jury Finds Earl Scott Guilty Sentence Will Be Passed Tomorrow Greenwood, Miss., June 1 (CP) A circuit court Jury tonight con victed Earl Scott of Robbery with firearms. Sentence will be passed tomor row. Normally such convictions car ry penalties of three years to life. Scott's attorneys said they would appeal. The Jury deliberated the case. involving a $15,000 robbery, for 32 minutes. Scott testified he was 112 miles away at his brother's home In Columbus on the night Dewey Ellis was robbed. His testimony brought out a struggle for customers between Scott, who said he was a whisky dealer, and Ellis, listed by the state tax collector as a wholesale and retail liquor dealer. Earl and his brother. W. R. Scott, are two of seven men indicted for armed robbery in the holdup. S Two Hurt As Cars Hit On Highway 80 Two people were hurt and five others escaped injury when two cars ran together at the intersection of Highway 80 and Robinson road about 9 p.m. Friday. Highway Patrolman Robert Burton identified the injured as Mrs. George McDaniel and Mrs. R. L. Gwin. both of Gilbert. Louisiana, passengers In the Ford. The Patrolman said Mrs. McDaniel suffered lacerations about the head and Mrs. Gwin received a broken arm. Burton said the accident occurred when the 1950 Dodge, driven by Mrs. J. V. Mangrum. Ma gee. made a left turn eff Highway 80 onto Robinson Road and collided with the 1940 Ford driven by Robert Lee Gwin. who was traveling west on Highway 80. Mr. J. V. Mangrum. a passenger In the Dodge, was not Injured, the patrolman said. Billy Pinington. 22. Myrtle McDaniel and Mr. W. L. McDaniel, all of Gilbert, passengers in the Fcrd. were shaken up but not injured. Burton said. Assisting Burton in the investigation was Patrolman Ray Gentry. TYRONE POWER SUSPENDED Hollywood. June 1 (INS) Tyrone Power was under suspension at 20th Century-Fox today for refusing to do another costume picture. The actor was taken off salary and will be off for eight weeks. He j balked at playing the lead In a film called "Lydia Bailey." He said that four cf his last five pictures have been costume productions and that he intends to wait until the studio has a modern story lor him. r Price War ling each- ether in eagerness to buy, cleaned out .stocks of such ar tides as men's summer suits and small electrical appliances. They Jammed three and four deep around counters: tney des cended on clothing racks- while harried clerks tried to fill their needs. Some men bought three or four suits each. There was one big difference In today's battle of the retailers prices held fairly steady at yesterday's lowest levels. Legal Group Opposes Present Liquor Laws On Record Favoring State-Owned Stores Biloxi. Miss., June 1 UV- The Mississippi Bar Association went on record today as being opposed to the laws which now prohibit the sale of alcoholic liquors in this state and as being in favor of the odop-tion of laws which would legalize their sale. The afternoon session of the meeting of the Mississippi bar heard a report by E. Cage Brewer of Clarksdale, president of the Junior Bar, on the results of a poll taken last year, then put the question be' fore the meeting. A motion expressing the feelings of a majority, was Dassed. A second motion raised the ques tion as to whether the bar shouVl implement its views by sponsoring an educational campaign at no expense to the bar. This, too, was carried. Even before the motion was pass ed by the lawyers present, it was apparent from the results or tne previously-taken poll, that the sen-iments of Mississippi's Attorneys were against prohibition. The question had been asked whether they favored the present laws and the vote was 59 for these laws and 649 opposed. On the question as to whether laws should be adopted legalizing liquor, the answers were 656 for the change and 69 against. As to whether liquor should be sold through state-owned stores or privately o-perated shops, the vote was 368 for state operation and 244 for tne pn vately run stores. Earlier today Association Presi dent Gibson Witherspoon of Meri' dian, told the lawyers: "Freedom as we customarily know it will be restricted and will tend to disappear, the more intensive military preparations become. Our great task ' as lawyers in such a period is to make sure that essential liberties are not needlessly sacrificed. The immediate problem is to maintain the maximum of freedom under effective mobilization." James Palmer, Jr., "Washington, special assistant to the Attorney General and past national president of the Federal Bar Association, told the bar that "the dignity of the legal profession has suffered considerably in recent years." Palmer pointed to the nation wide publicity given to the conduct of many attorneys in cases that have received much public attention. Hon. Rcss R. Barnett, candidate for governor, introduced Mr. Palm er, setting forth that Mr. Palmer's "life represents the fulfillment of the ideal of a well-rounded career." Mr. Palmer was represented in the introductory statements as a man who has "served hij nation in war and in peace in the armed forces and the department of Jus tice, as a leader and a guide." He cited that Mr. Palmer has served as editor of many legal publications and especially as the biographer of Senator Carter Glass. Past State Bar President Bar nett described Mr. Palmer as a servant of the youth of the land and their worried parents as adviser and counsellor, and recalled that Palmer bad served as president of the American Bar Association, president of the Big Brothers of the District of Columbia and many other high posts. Mr. Barnett declared that "deep down in me. I get a special feeling of exaltation to think that James E. Palmer was jorn In Mississippi, my own state." Allies Slog Slowly Forward; Truman Appeals To Iranians; Acheson Defends War Policy Chinese Bringing Up Reserves To Guard Supply Base Area BY DON HUTH Tokyo. Saturday. June 2 Uft Fresh Chinese Communist troops were moved up Friday into defense positions guarding their rugged supply base area in North Korea. The Allied advance above parallel 38 Inched ahead in deep mud. Red China was dipping again into its reserve manpower to rebuild armies shot to pieces in the futile April and May offensives Red casualties in the first were es timated at more than 75,000. The U. S. Defense Department estimated more than 162,000 Red losses from mid-May to the 30th the period preceding and during the second Communist offensive Combined, the losses in the two drives were nearly one-half the estimated Chinese and Korean Red combat strength. Communist reinforcements pour ing into a ridgeline defense short of the 38th parallel indicated a determination to hold the Chorwon- Kumh-wa-Pyonggang assembly and supply triangle in Central Korea. It was from that massing area that hordes of Red infantrymen were moved southward in th e two ill-fated spring offensives. Concentrated Allied artillery, aerial bom' bardment'and heroic stands by ground troops sent the Reds reeling back. A mud-caked allied tank patrol rolled into the southeast corner of the Red buildup triangle without opposition Friday. This was at Yanggu, at the eastern end of Hwachon reservoir and eight miles north of 38. It was the second day the patrol entered the town. It had met stub born resistance Thursday. Aggressive United Nations pa' trols were meeting Increasing re sistance everywhere else along tne twisting front, except in the far East-Central sector. Chinese artillery fire was becom ing heavier. Communist MIG-15 Jet fighter forays were becoming bolder. A flight of four U. S. F-86 sabre Jets destroyed two Russian -built MIGS in an air battle that began near the Yalu river boundary of Manchuria and swirled southward more than 100 miles to a point high above Pyongyang. It was the first time In recent months that Red jets went as far south as the Korean Red capital. A tail gunner in an American B- 29 bomber bagged a third Red Jet Friday. It brought the total to six MIGS destroyed and four damaged in two days of air fighting. On the western front, American forces were stopped for the fourth straight day at Yonchon, six mues north of the Red border and 12 miles southwest of Chorwon. A heavily censored field dispatch reported "the enemy was not only stopping his long retreat but was moving new forces south." On the West-central front, tne hills and craggy ridgelines north of the Hantan river were reported swarming with Red groups of 50 to 500 men. On the Central front, American patrols probing toward Kumhwa on the main road from Hwachon were stubbornly resisted. The U. S. Eighth Army communique re ported advances m that general area ragged from 1,000 yards to nearly 2 1-2 miles. Kumhwa is 20 air mues norm of parallel 38 and about 19 miles northwest of Hwachon. Price Support Set On Cottonseed Washington. June 1 The Depart ment of Agriculture Friday an nounced that price support loans on the 1951 crop of cottonseed wui be available at $65.50 per ton for basis grade $100 and that in areas where a purchase program may be necessary purchases will be made at 61.50 a ton basis grade (siuuj cottonseed nrices "of 1951-crop. Cottonseed will be supported by means of loans, purchase agree ments, and purchases or cottonseed and of cottonseed products. The supports reflect 90 percent of the January 15. 1951 parity price of $71 a ton for average quality seed. Officials said the supports are In line with the 90 percent of parity support which the department an nounced in February for 1951 crop soybeans. Other provisions of the support program for 1951-crop cotton seed will be developed and announced later. HungryTwo-Year-Old Falls Three Stories; Unhurt Still Hungry New York, June 1 UFi Two- year-old Harry Dancizer, anxious about his brtakfast, crawled out- of his crib today and tumbled three and a half stories from a window of his Brooklyn home. His mother said he apparent ly became eager for his morning milk feeding,' and climbed to the window ledge. He landed on concrete courtyard. Doctors could find nothing wrong with nun. Except he was still hungry. President Seeks Way To SettleDispute Over Oil Field By KINGSBURY SMITH Tehran, June 1 (INS) President Truman appealed to Iranian Premier Mohammed Mossadegh today to negotiate with Britain in the dangerous oil nationalization dispute. Informants said his mes-age got a chilly reception. The premier was understood to have told U. S. Ambassador Henry F. Grady, who delivered the message, that the United States was not keeping "A neutral position" in the situation. Grady in an hour's talk at the bedside of the Premier, who is suffering from a fever, replied that the United States is neutral but not indifferent to a situation which might provoke a grave threat to world peace. Iran last month decreed nationalization of the British-controlled Anglo-Iranian Oil Cdmpany despite a contract supposedly valid until 1993. Iran has rejected a British bid to negotiate a settlement. President Truman was understood to have referred to the "explosive" situation, but contents . of his message were not officially disclosed. . Observers predicted increased anti-American demonstrations in Tehran once the news of the presidential appeal beebmes generally known. President Truman's message was understood to have made these points: that it is urgently necessary for Iran and Britain to get together as friends and settle the dispute, and that Iran can not just ignore its contract with the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company. The issue involves a danger to world peace. The premier told Grady he would deliver the President's message to a joint session of Parliament tomorrow. The Premier also was reported to have called a special cabinet meeting. Grady took the message to the Premier's bedside a half hour after receiving it from Washington, then later informed British Ambassador Sir Francis Shepherd. London officials also were informed by Ambassador Walter Gifford. (A presidential message to Prime Minister Attlee was delivered in London by Gifford. It is believed to have expressed hope that Britain was doing everything possible to facilitate a settlement. Anglo-American informants said the presidential messages were prompted by an American belief that there has been a "sudden worsening" of the situation. They said Mossadegh was 'very uncooperative" at the Tuesday luncheon meeting with Grady and the British ambassador. (The London Admiralty said, meanwhile, nothing was known of a Malta report that a British tank landing ship Is enroute to the Persian Gulf oil area from its anchorage in the Red Sea.) In Tehran American diplomats were represented as feeling that the British are not making enough public gestures to convince the Iranians of their willingness to negotiate a mutually satisfactory settlement. Local Iranian extremists are becoming impatient at Mossadegh's reluctance to use drastic measures in applying the nationalization law. CONVICTION UPHELD Washington, June 1 (MP)) The U. S. Court' of Appeals today upheld the Washington espionage conviction of J Judith Coplan but left the way open for a possible new trial because of alleged government wire tapping. Tiger Are Weather Hot Beat Ocean Springs 20-3; Enter Finals By WAYNE THOMPSON Jackson's Central High Tigers picked the hottest day of tne year to put the South Mississippi base ball championship on ice witn a 20-3 victory over the Ocean Springs Greyhounds Friday afternoon. That gave the Bengals two straight wins over the Coast nine and made them eligible to play the North Mississippi champion for the state title. Thus, Jackson won its fifth Southern diamond title in six years and is on its way to seeking its fourth state title in the same span. Sophomore righthander Jimmy Wells went the route for the Bengals Friday on the Millsaps' diamond, giving-up but three hits while fanning eight and issuing a half dozen walks. It . was Wells' second win against no defeats. Only in the sixth stanza was Wells in any trouble at all, although Ernest Cox did touch Jimmy for the first Greyhound hit in the fifth stanza. In the sixth, Donald Catchott led with a walk with one out and Robert Cox, Ocean Springs receiver, hit a long drive over Mike Stanley s head in deepest left field good for four i bases and two runs. After Alvin Endt became his eighth strike-out victim for the se cond out Ernest Cox followed with his second hit and a pair of Bengal errors. Beaugez came on around with the Greyhounds last threat or score. However, by that time tiie game. victory and championship were Secretary Of State Declares Allies Have Won Victory Over Communists; Senators Vote To Make Public Secret State Papers Washington, June 1 CTV Secretary of State Achesan told senators today the United Nations army has won a powerful victory over Communism in Korea and upset Red "imperialist aims" throughout all Asie. He said the Kremlin's plan to shake the free world with a quick and easy conquest in Korea has backfired and resulted instead in bringing the United Nations allies closer together in the test of "collective security." Acheson brought to the Senate Armed Services and Foreign Relations committee studying the ouster of Gen. Douglas MacArthur a fighting defense of Administration war policies. Senate Approves Draff-UMT Bill Compromise Measure Now Goes To House Washington, June 1 W The Senate today stamped its final approval on a bill to extend the Draft until mid-1955 and set up the mechanics for a permanent Universal Military Training program. Passage of the compromise measure, affecting the lives of millions of young Americans, was by voice vote. The bill which had been worked out in a Senate-House conference committee, now goes to the house for scheduled action next week. Major provisions of the legislation call for: 1. Reduction of the draft age from 19 to 18 1-2, but no draft board may induct men under 19 ua-til it has exhausted Its pool of eligible men between 19-26. 2. Increasing draft service from 21 to 24 months. 3. Authority for the President to call reservists for 24 months of active duty, until July 1, 1953. It would allow inactive reservists veterans of World War II, to be re leased within 17 months. 4. Reduction of mental standards from a score of 70 to 65 on the mental qualification test to bring in an estimated 150,000 f-Fs and lowering of physical standards back to the level of Jan. 1, 1945 5. Leaving the authority to defer students up to the draft boards but men who get occupational de ferments would be liable for indue ton up to the age of 35. The bill also sets a 5,000,000 ceil ing on the Armed Forces. Senate passage came after Sen ator McCarthy (R-Wis) announced that if the bill had come to a roll call vote, he would have voted against it because of what he term ed the policies of Secretary of State Acheson. . The Wisconsin senator, a bitter critic of Acheson, said the State Department was blocking the use of 600,000 Chinese Nationalists troops in the Korean war, and he told the senate: "As a result, only American boys are allowed to die on the bat tlefield in the fight against com munism." Senator Smathers (D-Fla.) also took the floor to- attack defense de partment policy of calling up thous ands of World War n veterans and asking them to fight again in Ko rea. safely on ice as the Tigers had .held a 14-0 lead going into the top oi tne sixtn. In fact, the Bengals did their heaviest scoring damage in the fifth and sixth frames pushing over eigni tames in. tne fifth and coming back with six in the sixth batting more than around both frames. In the six offensive frames for the Bengals, the locals pounded a trio of Ocean Springs hurlers for 14 hits while drawing 10 bases on balls and taking advantage of two Greyhound errors. Also adding to the rout were seven wild pitches and a pair of passed bails by tne ocean Springs battery. Julian Sandifer with four hits in four official trips led the attack. with one of his hits being a four- master with the bases empty in the third frame. Stanley. Benny Kirkland. Crow Parnell and Wells contributed a pair of safeties to the attack. Leny Butler started on the hill for Ocean Springs and lasted until that fatal fifth Third sacker Ernest Cox came in to retire one batter in the same frame while Centerfieller Alvin Endt finished tne futn and somehow managed to stagger through the sixth. The Bengajs really clinched the decision in the opening frame with a four run outbrust. Bobby Matthews led a single; Stanley singled; and Billy Kinardj Cf tinted mm Fc ) But he lost the first round when senators forced into the open a secret 1949 State Department document which said the island of Formosa had "no special military significance" and its loss to Red China was expected. The inquiry group overrode by a 15 to 9 vote Acheson's protests that the desclosure would provide Russia with propaganda material which would hurt the "voice of America" program abroad. Those voting to release the memorandum were: Russell (D-Ga), George (D-Ga), Wiley (R-Wis). Smith (R-NJ), Hickenlooper (R-Iowa), Lodge (R-Mass), Brewster (R-Me), Byrd (D-Va), Johnson (D-Tex), Stennis (D-Miss), Bridges (R-NH), Salton-stall (R-Mass), Knowland (R-Calif), Cain (R-Wash), and Flanders (R-Vt). Voting against release: Green (D-RI), McMahon (D-Conn), Fulbright (D-Ark), Spark-man (D-Ala), Gillette (D-Iowa), Connally (D-Tex), Kefauver (D-Tenn), Hunt (D-Wyo), and Morse (R-Ore). Gen. Douglas MacArthur and top-ranking military leaders have testified the Chinese Nationalist stronghold of Formosa has great value in the strategic defense of the United States and it must not be permitted to fall to Red China. Acheson insisted the document-in the form of a memorandum-was sent to consular officers in December, 1949. as a move to guard U.S. prestige in case Formosa fell to the Reds. He argued the U.S. policy toward Formosa has not changed from October, 1948, to June, 1950, despite the document. He said the policy in that period was to try to keep Formosa out of Red hands by diplomatic means rather than by military action. "First of all," he told senators, "it was understood and agreed that Formosa has strategic importance so far as the United States was concerned." He declared the document was sent out as a guidance "to minimize the damaging effects to the United States of the possible fall of Formosa." - Acheson did not run Into the barrage of questions expevted from Republicans who have aimed at the him most of the criticism of administration foreign policy. But this was because most of the day was consumed in debate about release of the Formosa document and direct questioning was limited. He will be questioned again tomorrow starting at 9 a. m., E.S.T. Questioned by Chairman Russell (D-Ga) of the inquiry group, Acheson said the U.-S. government has made on effort to get United Nations allies to impose a naval blockade against Red Chine. . Admiral Forrest Sherman, Chief of Naval Operations, has proposed a naval blockade as the next step after economic sanctions to shut off the flow of war goods to the Red armies. Acheson said: "we have always felt that if we can get a very effective economic blockade, a naval blockade becomes much less important." He added the government has had "considerable success" In getting allies to go along with the economic blockade. The secretary rejected the Mac-Arthur war plan to carrythe Korean conflict against Red China because, he contended, it would not be conclusive and might draw Russia into the war. ' Oil WeHest Has Produced Dry Ice Madison County Hole Has Promise Dry ice has been produced bv n oil drilling crew at the John R. Cameron test 6 1-2 miles northwest of Canton in Madison county. It was reported here Friday. The Continental Oil Company in drilling the hole, which has reached a depth of 14.000 feet. Earlier showines of poisonous Vv. drogen sulphide are diminishing and at another level, the dry ice (carbon dioxide) has appeared. The pressure is some 1220 pounds, and as this is relieved, the carbon dioxide gas congeals. worKmen report that ooenlns of valves of the piped well brings a shower of the dry ice until the spigot freezes over completely. Valve must then be closed to allow the drv ice to evaporate. H. M. (Don) Morse, director of the State Oil and Gas Board, said that it is not anticipated by the drillers that the drv ice will" h used and that continuing search for oil will be the aim of the company. It is reported that good showings of oil were shown at several hnri. zons during the drilling of the hole. n nas been piped, and the oil com pany is gradually moving upward from various sand strata, making tests for paying quantities of oil. Dry ice has come prominently to attention here the last several days with reports that a professional rainmaker would spray the chemical in the clouds from an air plane to produce moisture precipi tously, if paid for his work. it is reported that a test is to b made by an amateur pilot. uui. me ou well drillers for Con. tinental are not interested in dry ice. They feel confident that they have sufficient oil showings in th John Cameron test to -assure them of a producer. i.

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