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'tfHE'BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS \<J! ,' THE COURIER NEWS CO. ' *-, „ • , ' H. W, HAINES, Publisher < -i, ' , SAMUEL P, NORRIS, Editor , ' j ' < JAMES A. GATENS/ Advertising Manager Sole National Advertising Representative*; - Wallace Wl Inter Co, New York, Chicago D«£ troit, Atlanta, Memphis. I / . Published Every Afternoon Except Sunday Entered ns second class matter at the post- office at Blythevillc, Arkansas, under act ot Congress, October 9, 1917. Served by the United Press ' SUBSCRIPTION RATES By carrier In the city of Blythevllle, ZOc per week, or 85c per month. „ •' By mail, within a radius of 40 miles, $4 00 per year, $2 Op for six montlis, Jl.oo lor three months; by mail outside 50 mile zone,"$10.00 per year payable In advance. The Fourth Term Once a precedent is broken nobody V gets very excited over the subsequent <* breaking of one of its pieces. So pcr- ",, flaps the least remarkable thing about the beginning'of President HoosovcllV fourth term is Die fourth term itself. I But this does not mean that his becomingly brief and simple inauguration is not an important milestone. For one tiling it serves as a good place lo pause for a look at what has happened since Mr. Roosevelt's third ,' re-election. Momentous events have taken place in those ten weeks—the - German offensive in .Belgium, tho manpower and production crisis at home, and the outspoken differences ,. of Allied policy. These events have served to quiet the high emotions of the November election and to bring the country back to sober and rather disheartening ;; reality. Their very seriousness has re- I solved many of our domestic differ-'. ~: ences. They have brought some hot•_ headed proposals of solution, of course, .\ but their general effect has' been to ; unify. ; A promise of unity 1ms been seen - in Washington as well as elsewhere in the country It was evident in the President's conciliatory message to Congress and in his new appointments, to the Slate Department. It was further evident hr Senator Vamlenberg's speech on foreign policy, which gave hope of greater co-operation between Congress and the White House in the •futiire. ' -Sir. Roosevelt's State Department .selections distressed some of the New Deal press and puMc, but they' seem to'have found'favor with a bipartisan -majority of Americans. It was apparent that'domestic politics and policies -'were not uppermost in tho President's mind when he made them. And in making them it was obvious that he had eased toward the middle from his self-styled course "a little left of center." This move of tho President's was matched by the influential Republican leader, Senator - Vandenberg-, whose foieign.policy program swung him very close lo Mr. Roosevelt's. The promise of these events to- Sethet i .™' th the 'SOod news frpm the i'™ 8 !?"} Wl&eat- Wlff\Wi 'fronts,' 'pernlit'tad' ' Jtosfevelt'b Hm-d term to end at a hopeful. moment. That hope did not however, translate itself into last summer's national mood of fatuous optimism. i,vi? r V R T evcU ° CCUpics the spotlight of public attention today not be cause he is our first fourth-term President. The public attention is directed beyond the inauguration to Mr. Roose S^ri! 10111 am ' micial m <*H"B with Mr. Churchill and Mr. Stalin' He carries to this meeting a more -ct mandate than any he has tak, leader, T™* conferences of national Uscem safe to say that it BLFfIWILLB COURIER HEWS was Mr. Roosevelt's -experience and wisdom in former meetings which played si large part in his re-election. But i( _ is aiso clear that, while he takes with him again the American people's confidence nnd trust, he al.so carries their demand for action and solution, and a candid accounting of decisions reached. : • . '• v Phoo-ee A piece of radio publicity we came upon •mentioned •something 1 about a "combat returnee," and revived our concern over just how far this doub'lc-e business is going to go. The war has brought us the draftee (or that nice-nelly substitute, .selectee) and the trainee. Now we have the returnee, and very likely the dischargee will be coming along when he has reduced (he German and the Jap to the plains of vanquisiiee, In a recent dispatch from Stockholm, a French "escapee" described his experience in a Berlin prison. The possibilities are limited only by the number of.English nouns identifying the performer of an action. And that's what frightens us. 'For, by wholesale application of a stiff and tiresome practice of the law and busi- ' ness world, every prefdrmer can have his performce, every lover his iovec, etc. ...'•., Where it all will end is beyond us. Perhaps there will have to be some or- ' gnhized crusade to rescue the language of Shakespeare ami Bernard Shaw and II. L. Mencken from the ad writers, press agents and other professional' word-coiners, and give it back to those, who still prefer to call a spade a spade, or a combat returnee just a plain soldier come home. ••production la thh Munn ol editorial! tram •iber Mwipapen *« DM nec«wUj BMU •odofwrnni M b u •efaunrltdfmcnt of to. Ip UM Hbleoti Arkansas and the Marriage Institution To remove any c'.™bt: about the legality of mnrringcs under Uccnscs signed In blank by coxmly. clerks and lillcd. In. by justices or the peace m Mississippi nnd several other ' count l-< Senator B. mnk Williams' validating bill al- rendy linacd wlthoul opposition in the senate' should bo approved by the House. The affected! couples obtained their marriage license In good faith before Attorney General Guy E. \Villlams had held that such licenses were not legal •But the legislature should go farther 'than that, it should act at long last lo tighten up Arkansas' marriage laws. This business of expediting marriages as a fee-collecting enterprise Is one more demonstration of the loos-ness which has prevailed. A House bill introduced by Representative Shofner of.Pulaski county would go for toward end,ng the nuick-and-i-asy marriage industry by reqmrnig thai- llc C1)sc appUcations be made at three days before the Hcenses were issued. those who favor this much necdcd „, should renioe that measures wit h similar purpos- Mve .been In.roducod at ottry sowioll ' fo , ^ . «d hav.-b.eA qu let?y put lo d call,'l,, com —ARKANSAS GAZETITE. They (wounded Germans) cry f si&s <suncn wnwv^^jWamMwuMuiM.wjiAM^H^^il^^ .1MS BV NF* SEfiVtCE. INC". T. M. RIG. V. 5, PAT, OfF SATURDAY" JANUARY 20,1945 'Wonta Hire a Guide, Mister?" \Vc tmzc lor a \vi-cl; 1ml George was too patriotic to call the supmiiloiHleiil- finally I complained and the man and sliox\ed me hosv lo turn on our radiators 1" THIS CURIOUS WORLD ING DROPPED TO FIGHTERS IN CONTAINERS COPIED FROANTHEDESl&N . . AND THE CONTAINERS SPIRAL-TO EARTH IN THE S4A\E AUNNER THAT THE AMPLE SEED WINGS ITS WAY TO EARTH IN SPRlNe. WE MILKY WAY 15 ALSO CALLED LJ A GALAXY QAA'iERIDIAN U A CONSTELLATION IN AN ADULT. IF LAID END TO END, WOULD REACH fOU& is only one of many in,! evacuation hospital commander. Announcements The courier News has been ou- ihorized to announce the following :andldacles for the Municipal Elec- lon in April. ' Municipal Judge BAEHAM Read Courier News Want Ads. FARMERS We have plenty of Iron Rooftop and Rough Cypress Barn timbers. 3 Year FHA Terms U desired. £. C. Robinson Lumber Co. BY .E'ilSKINE JOHNSON NEA Staff Correspondent HOLLYWOOD, Jan. 20-neddest fuce in the. United States,today.be- longs .lo |nu : b^ljcrii injigaziiie .'publisher who? .i'year n'gdjjprjnlctriy photograph Of Shirley Teinpie aboVe the caption, "The Greatest Has- Been in the History of Hollywood." Yep. Shirley has beeir slipping— uphill—ever since. Six months ago she went into her first film as a "big girl" after playing child roles since she \VRS five Today, after two llims, "Since You Welit Away" luicl.'TH Be Seeing You," she's one of the "hottest" personnliiies in the movies. Producers nil over town arc asking lor her nnd story departments are scrambling for vehicles tlint tit her. She's the same old Shirley. Tho first time \vc met.her, 10 years ago, we were completely charmed by her personality and because shc was not a 'movie brat. Other day. seeing her for the first lime since she's grown up—she's Going on 17—we fell, in love with her ail over again. She's a beautiful young lady. J.R.Williams fV ii- Q~ _I- ii uur Board inn House y IUUie I OWT HELP IT, MMOP,—TUis SHCWER OF BRICKS GMIWOS ME OF THE DI2ZV DOPE t SAW AM U6LV FftCE. PEtRlMG FLIT ALONG CLOUDS AW' BARELY TOUCH TH 1 e TOO MUCH FRICTIOM' There's nothing lah-dc-clah about her. In fact, she's the most unaffected young lady we've met in Hollywood for a long time ; .ifShe jwas;wearing a pilot's wings. '; I S'TKdVMy; friend?" wo • asked.' - •Shirle'y'laughed.''' ' " '-' •'•'" "I'm not sure." she said. "I think he married someone else." HERE'S'SHIRLEY 'You've probably been wondering, so here's Shirley Temple today: She makes her own decisions about her work. When David O. Sclznick wanted her to sign n seven-year contract, he first approached her mother. "Ask Sliirl." said Mrs. Temple. That's what they do now—about everything. She's her own woman. Her school subjects at Westlake School for Girls, where she' -is in her senior year, are English, chemistry, botany, biology, French, civics chorus and dramatics. Last term shc made all A's—but this isn't usual. She made B's. the year bc- rore. Although she has been studying French since she was seven, she doesn't know enough to order a good dinner—and failed miserably when shc went to French rostau- > rants in New York. She ordered « She Is allowed dates only on Friday and Saturday nights, nnd can't stay past one. Her mother meets her boy friends before she' goes out with them. •', When someone asked her what the best age was for movie stars to marry, shc sold 22, "because .they're more sensible at that age", "Who told you that?" she was 1 asked. "My mother," said Shirley "who married at 17." J..1KKS 'EM "RUGGED" Shirley doesn't go Into ccstacics over Frankte the Voice. Shc prefers Johnny Johnston or Dick Haymes.i who arc more "rugged." Eastern writers say she'll go to Wellesley or Vasstir, but she'll tell you she prefers Stanford—if she decides to go to college at-all. She' likes to pretend that George Temple, her father, is the biggest worry of her life. Shc stiys ho U always disgracing her with terrible puns. She admires her mother this side ot Idolatry. She has n couple of million dollars in tho bank but until recently her monthly allowance was $10 Couple of weeks ago it was increased to $20 a month. "I nm now a very rich young lady," shc laughed. Office Training Shorthand, Bookkeeping and Typing MRS. L.M.BURNETT 1010 Ilearn' • < Bhbne 3270 Whole sole'your worn footwear for Winter anil obtain stnrdr wet resisting soles, greatly lengthening the shoe's life. Buy Your Winter Supply of WOOD and KINDLING While It IB Available. PLANTATION OWNERS' SPECIAL PRICE ON 100 RANK LOTS? BARKSDALE MFG. CO. BIytheville, Ark. waaas Phone 2911 GUARANTEED TIRE RECAPPING! 24 Hour Service Also—Vulcanizing and Tire Sep^r WADE COAL CO. N. Hw7. 61 CEILING PRICES Phone 2291 Planters Hdw. Co., Inc. home of SHERWIN-WILLIAMS PAINT DE LAVAL MILKERS and SEPARATORS GOULD'S ELECTRIC WATER PUMPS U. S. BELTING and PACKING CANDLEWICK CRYSTALWARE COMPLETE LINES OF HARDWARE Phone 515, Blythevilie, Ark, • A GEOnCtiVTOWN IN 1807 j VI TNDUSTUY in the Southern . states at this period was almost wholly agricultural. Factories did not exist, but every town the _ize of Augusta hM many smull • -ork- shops where the proprietor was assisted by a few workmen. They made a variety of articles, incIiK.- ing beaver hats, shoe;, wagons, harness, simple Inrniturc i ". small household articles. The blacksmiths hammered out nails nnd horseshoe;, and some o! them made such Sarm implements as hoes, rakes and plows. It was an ago of craftsmen instead of, machines; mass production was still to come. . j These skilled workers were not ; nll free white men. Among them rwerc many Negro slaves who had jbcen trained in craftsmanship. :One of these Negro artisans, not ;in Augusta but in Charleston, :made grilled iron work o_ such ! grace and beauty that gateways •made by him still sell at fancy ; prices. j The cotton mill jra did not bc- jgin until the middle of the 13<h j century. I Tho large slave plantations pro- ;dnced nearly everything that wo. j actually needed by those who 'worked on them. On Harvey Earle's Fairvicv.- plantation, near I Augusta, there were 65 slaves, including both young -and old; also two white overseer with their familier. Six oj the Negro women spent .11 their time in the spinning an-' weaving shed; they spun the cotton fiber and then wove i' into cloth. A tho slaves' garments were mad chiefly <:'. cotton cloth, there wo littl. necessity to buy them clothing. Jj. the ishoe shop a veteran shoemaker— an old .\Vegro with white hair— ^worked steadily making th? rough shoes that the Negroes wore in UK winter lime. During the summer they went barefoot. All the rough unpaintcd furniture of tho Negro cabins was made in the plantation carpenter shop. Besides cotton, as the chief crop, the plantation also produced tobacco, cor:., sugr.r, peaches and a variety o: vegetable;. The cotton crop occupied about half of the tillable soil, and tobacco was cultivated in about one-half of the remainder. Sugar cane was •grown for th sole purpose ol providing molasses for the Negroes-,n the place, am", corn t- furnish meal. There was no cqm'pment-at Fairview lor making sugar, b •': the molasses was produced by boiling thi cane juice. • « * IT was generally believed at that time, by plantation owners and overseers, that a Negr.- farm hand in tho course of r. day's labor would accomplish about two- thirds as much ; -. a white man put to the same task. '. ': generalization was open to many exceptions, for there were great differences in the energy, intelligence, and willingness of. the Negroes. The plantation overseers were always white men. As n class they were coarse, illiterate and entirely lacking in the courtly graces. They were slave drivers, but this does not mean that they were all cruel, or that they mistreated the Negroes in their charge. The letters ,-nd records of !he slavcca era show that many plantation' owners would -iot permit their Negroes to be cruelly treated in any circumstances whatever. On the other hand, there arc records of sadistic slave owners and brutal overseers who drove their people to work under the lash and half-starved them, but owners of slaves who treated them cruelly, or permitted'their overseers to do it, were almost invariably ostracized by their neighbors. Overseers were never considered "gentlemen," \vithin the old- timo Southern meaning of that term. Their pay was astonishingly low in view of. the great responsibility placed on their! shoulders. Eight hundred dollars a year was looked upon as high wages indeed for an overseer. Besides he had his house rent free, and most of his food cost nothing. From eight hun-/j dred dollars as the top the scale of>^ pay ran down to about three him- i dred. For an average good over-i seer the standard was four hundred dollars a year. * * * 'THE large plantations were few in number as compared to the •hole agricultural industry. About nine-tenths of the while cultivators of the soil consisted ot poor farmers who owned no slaves. They lived on their small farms, arid cultivated them with the help of their families. These poor whites occupied the least productive land; in every section of the South the wealthy plantation owners had crowded the small fanners out of the rich and fertile land near the rivers and creeks. The poor cotton growers lived chiefly among the semi-barren hills— hence the name "hillbilly"—and endeavored fo make a living from soil which was unsuitable for profitable farming. These poverly-slricken whites had to compete with slave labor, with Negro farm hands who received no wages at all. As a result they were eventually pulled down to the Negro's economic level. Another result was tho degradation; of labor in the minds of the uppeti/ classes. Gentlemen did not plow or hoe for a living, but niada others work for them, so in tha course of time men who worked with their hands on land or in shops or factories became the pb~ jects of a social contempt, for they were doing , what slaves were forced to do. This was the most deplorable result of the Southern slave civilization, and it was not lived down for many years. NEXT: FOUR YOUNG MEN JV THB GOLD RUSH.