The Catholic Advance from Wichita, Kansas on July 2, 1943 · Page 5
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The Catholic Advance from Wichita, Kansas · Page 5

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nn nn uJ UVU'U M MEMBER OF AUDIT BUBKAO Of CIHCOLATIONg era 0 Ml i f 'a 01 ' y - it -T I . ! ..M.-yxu r. Hiram Motherwell, in 1 pamphlet, Rebuilding Europe After Victory, say that we are going to find tome 300-000,000 men and women hungry on Af-mistice Day. They will " 5 be people who' know chronic hunger. Even though they have had three meals a day, they have never had enough to eat in any of them. Chronic hunger gradually makes a man unbalanced. He may believe any beautiful lie that a soapbox orator or ama teur evangelist tells him. Until they are fed, these people will be in no condition to have anv reconstruction peace plan o: fered to them. This HiwiHstr Ru th International Nrwi Strrlea (Win and Hall), to NCWO Naws Berrlea (Iaclodln Kadioa and Cabin) Ita Own SpaeiaJ Berviea, lUllctoua Ncwa Berviea, Fidel Renriea, Lomn Serviea of China, International Illtntratad Newt, KCWC rictura service, rnoto feature, ana wide World roetoe. na u ueiuaiva aearare Article. CD) fff CCl P 5r OV Europe will have only about half its normal food produc Hon on Armistice Day. Trans, portation will be so demoral ized that the equal distribution of even that will be interfered with. Not only vast amounts of food, but also the three great morale builders soap, coffee, and tobacco must be sent. Emergency food will have to come chiefly from the Western Hemisphere, espe- i cially from the United States, TJ--. W? 'II . I 1 f dui Europe win not oe anil to pay for it. For a long time, trade will have to be on the barter basis. Motherwell thinks we had better forget about "policing" Europe. The picture of a cop with a night stick making peo ple behave has little meaning in so chaotic a situation. The Nazis have shown that you cannot shoot a whole people into being contented. (Pam phlet issued by Public Affairs Committee. Inc., 30 Roekefel Ier Plaza, New York, N. Y.) The Roman Question Just what the form of gov' ernment will be in Italy after (Turn to Page 4 Column 1) Archdiocese Raises $361,385 in Campaign Baltimore. Contributions totaling $361,385 were received in the campaign to raise $300,000 conducted in the Archdiocese of Bal timore and Washington by Archbishop Michael J. Curley. John A. McKeown directed the drive. Governor Herbert R. O'Conor of Maryland and Mayor Theodore R. McKeldin of Baltimore, were among the speakers at the reception in honor of the Archbishop, at which time public announcement of the campaign results was made. (Name Registered in the V. S. Patent Office) FRIDAY, JULY 2, 1943 SECTION TWO Prelate Visits Land of 22 African Martyrs Archbishop Spellman Trip Shows Importance of U. S. Mission Work New York. The visit of Arch bishop Francis J. Spellman to dis tricts in Africa where great mis sion activity is being carried on despite the war emphasizes the 1m portance of "America's role in the mission program of the Chureh," averred the Rt. Rev. Thomas J McDonnell, national director of the Pontifical Society for the Prop- agation of the Faith. Archbishop Spellman, Military Vicar of the U. S. armed forces, is also chair man of the U. S. Episcopal com Fr. Serra's Cause Is Advancing . ' The ranse of Father Junipero Serra, O.F.M., (above) whose friends hope will be rewarded with sainthood for his work in the West ern United Mates, continues to move forward. The search for Serra documents has uncovered about 1,500 pages of correspondence that will be ready for printing and submission to Rome in 18 months. The work on the 18th century manuscripts is being done by the Rev. Maximin Pietle, O.F.M., aided by the Rev. John Howard of Capitola, Calif. Problems of Negro Considered Sheil School in Chicago Shows Folly of Race Riots Chicago. (Special) As racial trouble flared into riots in several parts of the U. S., the Sheil School of Social Studies here proviaea an example of inter-racial good will that all the nation might well heea Japanese Intern Three Canadian Mission Workers Ottawa. Three Catholic mis sionaries are among 24 Canadians interned by the Japanese in Changi camp on tne isiana 01 oingapure. They are Brother Adolphus of the Order of St. Gabriel, Brother V in- cent of the same order, and Brother Anthony. No details are available as to which order Brother Anthony belongs, and the Department of Ex ternal Affairs has asked any one with information concerning him to communicate with it. Cardinal Hinsley Leaves Fund to Aid Religion London. H. Em. Cardinal Arthur Hinsley, Archbishop of Westminster, who died on March 17. has left all his property. 1,338 pounds ($5,350) in trust for the advancement of the Catholic religion "in mv Diocese of Westminster," A feature of the CYO night school's summer program is a course on "The Negro in America." , Members of all races and creeds are welcome to attend the school's classes, for which no fee is charged. Prominent Colored leaders are among the faculty members con sidering the racial problem. Among them are A. L. oster, executive secretary of the Chicago Urban league, and Dr. Alison Uavis, professor of education in Chicago U. Courses in "Social Pathology," which already have covered a wide background of poverty, crime, in adequate housing, and other social ills, are now stressing solutions to these problems. Other summer classes are cover ing such subjects as "Principles of Peace," "The Language or the Mass," "Pan Americanism," and "Interpreting the News." Scottish Cripple Goes To Mass 5 Times Daily London. A crippled member of the Catholic Young Men's society in Bathgate, West Lothian, Scot land, attends Mass five times every morning. Holy Father to Make Jubilee Speech July 4 London. Radio Vichy reported June 25 from Vatican City that Pope Pius XII will speak on July 4 on the occasion of his episcopal ubilee. (He was consecrated May 13. 1917. Hence the jubilee con nection is not clear.) mittee of the Propagation of the Faith society. A telegram from the New York Archbishop said: "In the last fort night I have visited missions in Ethiopia, Sudan, including Khar toum, and the Malakal regions. I was the guest in Uganda of Bishop Edward Michaud, Vicar Apostolic of Uganda, and of Bishop John Ressinck, Vicar Apostolic of the Upper Nile; visited missions, sem inaries, schools, and hospitals; and administered Confirmation. Masses were offered in the Cathedrals and in the chapel of the Uganda mar- trys." 10,000 Communions On First Fridays Monsignor McDonnell pointed out that the prelate passed from the north of the continent, where Catholicity flourished gloriously m the early days of the Church, to the heart of the district that cradled the rebirth of the faith in Africa. From Uganda came the 22 mar- trys whose sacrifice bore fruit in phenomenal growth of Catholi city. In this section may be found the largest ciborium in the world, for it is not uncommon to distribute 10,000 Communions there in first Friday Masses tsays NCWCl. The visit of Archbishop Spell man and his interviews with American missionaries in Africa form a new link in the chain "that has been forged during the past 121 years by the Society for the Propagation of the Faith to aid the missions of the entire world. In addition it indicates the impor tance of America's role in the mis sion program of the Church. Cath olics of the United States have a rare privilege and a grave respon sibility to aid in this apostolate and to prepare for the dawn of peace, when they will supply the man power and the means to con tinue Christ s work of redemption." Since leaving Cairo Archbishop Spellman has traveled through Asmara, Addis Ababa, Khartoum, Uganda, Nairobi, Mombassa, and Tanganyika. Next on his itinerary were Madagascar, Mozambique, Johannesburg, Durban, Pretoria Capetown, Elizabethville, Leopold- ville, and Lagos on the African Gold coast. SEES AMERICAN JESUITS IN BAGDAD New York. (Special) American Jesuits in Bagdad, Iraq, rejoiced over a visit paid to them by Archbishop Spellman, believed to be the first mission he visited on bis tour of Africa and the Middle East. The prelate stayed in the American legation while in Bagdad. Accompanied by Father Francis B. Sarjeant, S.J., rector of Bagdad college, he went out with the Polish Bishop Gawlina, who had just returned from the United States, and said Mass for some 3,000 Polish troops. Then he visited with several officials, saw the I ruins tf Babylon, and met the Catholic Bishops in the Apostolic Delegation. The next day he said Mass in Bagdad college and spoke briefly to the Catholic boys present. The Polish troops. gave him a chalice, made in Bagdad by native silversmiths, that he used for their Mass and also in the college. The Archbishop took particular pains to get the names of parents of the American Jesuits in the college. When he took off by plane for Basrah, he waved a treasured American flag given to him by school chil dren in Malta. - Head of School For Chaplains Made Monsignor New York. Col. William D. Clearv. Catholic priest who heads the army chaplain school, at Harvard university, has been raised by Pius XII to the rank of a Domestic Prelate says NCWCl. Monsignor Cleary, who has served as army chaplain since August, 1918, was made commandant of the school when it was established in January, 1942, at Fort Benjamin Harrison. The school was transferred to Harvard last August. There chap lains and chaplain candidates of all faiths represented in our armed forces take a six-week course of study before being assigned to active service with troops. Born July 11, 1882, in Toome- vara. Nenagh. County Tipperary Ireland, Monsignor Cleary, after attending Irish schools, completed his theological studies in the Irish college in Pans, where he was ordained June 14. 1908. He be longs to the Brooklyn diocese. Two-Thirds of World's Seamen Are Catholics London. One-third of British seamen and two-thirds 01 tne world's seamen are ' Catholics Archbishop Richard Downey of Liverpool declared. Turks More Tolerant Towards Christianity Stockholm. A marked increase in understanding and tolerance towards Christianity is being shown in Turkey. One reason for this, it is believed, is the wide-spread sale, during the past year and a half, of a new Turkish translation of the Bible the first complete edition in the1 Roman script. With the growing freedom allowed to individuals under the present Turkish regime, more and more Mohammedans are becoming acquainted with Christian ideas. . 1IJJJ!.U.IJ.!IJ.PWWM For v God and Country ft a V m mJ 6 1 o '- fJ TY A 7 K S. II I ?r III jTii . I f m .y I emhership Up 25 Time In 25 Ycaro r j fa o Work Li Orient Goes Ahead Despite Great War Rome and Vatican City News 8,000,000 Youngsters in Mission Work As Holy Childhood Observes Centenary Mother in More Ways Than One 'Mumsy' Visiting Children At Convent in New Orleans New Orleans. Mother Theresa of Cementville, Tex., who is called "Mother" by eight other members of her community, the Missionary Servants of Christ the Master and St. Anthony, and Mamaeita by the hundreds of Mexicans among whom she works, is visiting five of her children, to whom she is mumsy," and some of her 20 grandchildren, to whom she is plain grandma. She has also three great-grandchildren says NCWCl. Two of the daughters she is vis iting are Sister TeresiU and Sister de Lourdes, both members of School Sisters of Notre Dame. This is the first visit made by Mother Theresa, 73, to her native After Pilgrimage to Novena Shrine AGED WOMAN IS CONFIDENT SIGHT WILL BE RESTORED THROUGH POWER OF PRAYER Chicago. (Special) "My sight has not. been restored yet, but I have faith that God will answer our oravers. That was the declar ation of Mrs. Margaret Moylan, 77, of Bayard, la., after she and her husband had made a pngrim-ce to the Shrine of Our Sorrowful Mother here. Six years ago Mrs. Moylan s sieht began fsdirg. Now she can detect only the chsnge from light to dark. She has undergone three operations in an attempt to regain her vision. All hsvs been unsuccessful, Mrs. Moylan and her husband. John, 81, a retired farmer, heard of the many favors granted through the perpetual novens to Our Sorrowful Mother. They journeyed to Chicago on a pilgrimage to the Novena Mother shrine, 3121 W. Jackson boulevard. Between 6 a.m. and 10 p.m., the couple attended 18 novena services, each of which lasts nearly an hour. They prayed fervently for the restoration of Mrs. Moylan's sight At eery service, the congregation was asked by the Ser-vita Fathers, founders oX the novena, to join with the Moylans in prayer for their intention. "We shall never' forget the beauty and consolation we got from the devotion and hearing the prayers of all those thousands of people," Mrs. Moylan told the novena's national director, the Rev. Terance A. Seery, O.S.M. Until his retirement, Mr. Moylan owned and operated a 380-scse fsrm in Guthrie county, Iowa. Two of the coupls's six children are the Rev. Joseph Moylan, SJ of Omaha and Sister Mary Can-isia of Chicago. New Orleans since 1930, Mien because of ill health, she went to San Antonio. The next year, at the age of 61, she was invested as a member of the new community founded by the Rev. Peter M. A Baque, a Catalonian. As young Miss Eugenie Olivier of New Orleans she had wanted to become a nun, but she was con sidered too delicate in health, and her father persuaded her not to enter the convent. At 21 she was married to Daniel Edwards, and in 15 years she had 11 children. She was left a widow at the age of 59 and soon after was in such poor health .hat doctors gave her only a short time to live. With one of her daughters, she went to San Antonio and there learned of the work .Father Baque was doing among the pour Mexicans of that city. A year later, her health restored, she was received into the community. Just before Father Baque died in 1938, he called her to his bedside and left the administration of the society to her. Mother Theresa and three other members of the community are stationed in the mother-house in Cementville neat San Antonio. The 390 Mexicans whom they serve include 92 children of St Anthony's Shrine school. Two members of the community have charge of St. An thony's home for Mexicsn working girls and three others are in charge of St Anthony's day nursery Sever doctors give their services fo the care of the sick who are under the sisters' supervision. Vatican City. Eight million children are enrolled in the Association of the Holy Childhood, reveals Fides service in an article commemorating the organization's certenary. The association, found ed for the benefit of foreign mis sions, seeks to draw young chil dren near the Infant Jesus that they may practice Christian charity and contribute to the salvation of pagan children: procure Bap tism for these infidels; and edu cate them to spread Christianity among their countrymen. Its founder, Bishop Charles de Forbin-Janson of Nancy, France, consecrated in 1824, had to leave France when he refused to sign the Galliran declaration of 1862 says NCWCl. At the request of Bishops Flaget and Purcell, Pope Gregory XVl sent him on a successful missionary tour of the United States and Canada from 1839 to 1841. After a year in Home, where he was made a Papal Count and an Assistant at the Pontifical Throne, he returned to France and founded the Associa tion of the Holy Childhood, June 21. 1843. In 1890 Pittsburgh be came the central bureau in Amer ica and in 1893 the entire U. S work was entrusted to the Holy Ghost Fathers. British Minister Returns Vatican City. Sir D'Arcy Os borne, British minister to the Holy See, returned to Vatican City from a trip to England, where he was knighted by King George VI. Beatification of Boxer Martyrs Expected Soon Vatican City. July 8 is the 43rd anniversary of the martyrdom of 29 missionaries in the Boxer uprising of China. The beatification of these religious is expected soon. The 29 included two Bishops, two priests, and a brother, all Fran ciscans; seven Chinese semina rians; and seven Franciscan Missionaries of Mary. When Bishop Grassi, one of -the martyrs, urged the nuns to flee, the superior said: "We are not afraid of death or of tortures; we came here to shed blood if necessary. . . Do not rob us of the palm that the divine mercy is already holding out to us from heaven." Mother Cabrini Miracles Approved A resolution for the beatification of the martyrs was read in the presence of the Holy Father. Another approved the miracles proposed for the canonization of Blessed Frances Xaviet Cabrini, who died in 1917 in Chicago, and third approved the beatification of Ven. Alix Le Clerc, foundress of the Augustinian Canonesses Regular of the Congregation of Our Lady. Po?o Will Stay in Vatican Rome. Pius XII is remaining in Vatican City for the summer in stead of going to Castelgandolfo. Record Prints Pop s Talk Washington. The text of His Holiness' remarks to 20,000 Ital ian workers was printed in the Congressional Record at the re quest of Senator James E. Murray of Montana. Vatican Radio Warns Against. Hating Jews New York (INS) The Vatican radio was quoted by the British Broadcasting Co. as declar ing that "he who makes a distinction between Jews and other men is unfaithful to God and is in conflict with God's commsnds." The BBC broadcast said the Vatican directed its message to France. Committee Headed by Bishop Says: Facts on Zoot Suit Riots In Los Angeles Distorted Los Angeles. "Failure to pre sent the facts properly" was one of the causes of the "zoot suit" riots here, says the citizens' com mittee named by Gov. Warren and headed by Auxiliary Bishop Joseph T. McGucken of Los Angeles. In making clear-cut recom mendations to prevent a recur rence of the clashes between youths and service men, the com mittee urged immediate steps to curb juvenile delinquency and said the problem is one of American youth, not confined to any one racial group. "The wearers of 'zoot suits'," the committee asserted, "are not necessarily persons of Mexican descent, criminals, or juvenile delinquents; many young people today wear 'zoot suits'. The committee found that all juvenile delinquency has increased recently in Los Angeles says NCWCl. The study included in vestigation of crimes committed by youths of Mexican origin, the committee said, and added: "The fact is, however, that the increase of delinquency in the case of youths of Mexican descent has been less than in the case of other national or racial groups and less than the average increase for the community." McWilliams Says Press Erred on 'Zoot' Riots Carey McWilliams, former Cali fornia Commissioner of lmmigra tion and Housing, an acknowledged After Offering Mass for War Prisoners SHADES OF ALCATRAZ, SAYS ARMY CHAPLAIN IN AFRICA New York. Offering Mass at an open-air altar with a hall dozen tommy-guns and barbed-wire bar ricades for a background raised up shades of Alcatras for Father Joseph M. Clark, SJ., U. S. army chaplain in North Africa. The scene was a camp for prisoners of . 1 1 .1 1 . . 1 war capiurea oy ine lanicg in me ATrica -.theater. Celebrating Mass for prisoners is nothing new for Chaplain Clark; he used to be chaplain of the federal peniten tiary nn Alcatras island. Before Chaplsin Clark left the U. S., he obtained a book to guide him in hearing Confessions in 16 languages, fat says in a letter to the Military Ordinariate. On one day, he absolved Italian, German, and Croatian penitents, and the little book came in handy. But, says he, it would go "a little quicker if I had the gift of tongues; that is one faculty ws weren't given as chsplains. Every Italian prisoner the priest met is a practical Catholic, armed with rosary and holy pictures. About a fourth of the Germans are Catholics openlv professing their faith Isays NCWCl. The Italians, ssys Chsplain Clark, all seem very happy even if they are prisoners, and perhaps btcaust they art prisoners, authority on racial problems in the United States, declares that the zoot suit riots in Los Angeles were misrepresented in the press. The public Was left with the impression that the soldiers and sailors who were involved acted in self-defense. McWilliams say that the police and the Los Angeles daily press must be charged with the major blame. Anti-Mexican sentiment has been built up by the press for more thsn a year. Every case in which a Mexican has been involved has been featured and finally the OWI sent a representa tive to Los Angeles to reason with the publishers. The press oblig ingly dropped the word Mexican and began to use zoot suit, but the public had already been given the connection. June 7, when the chief noting occurred, zoot suiters were attacked in streets, theaters, and bars, and even street cars were stopped and searched. Perhaps not more than half the victims were wearing zoot suits; Mexican boys as young as 12 and 13 were beat en. In some cases, youngsters were stripped and left lying naked. front page pictures of them were published. McWilliams says that there were no zoot suit gangs in Los Angeles m the criminal sense of the word gang; that juvenile delinquency has increased in war-times, but though it has grown among Mexi cans the increase with them has not been so large as with other ethnic groups; that, though individual Mexicans may, in some cases, have attacked soldiers and sailors (incidentally, he says, the reverse is also true), it is nonsense to suggest that the soldiers and sailors acted in self-defense; that about 98 per cent of Mexican youth in Los Angeles is American- born, American-reared, American educated. (McWilliams writes in the Nets Republic, June 21.) St. Columbans, Nebr. (Exclusive) Launched in the fourth year of World war I and now celebrating its silver jubilee in the fourth year of World war II, St. Colum-ban's Foreign Mission society finds itself, after 25 years, with a 25-fold increase : of membership from 21 on June 29, 1918, to more than.50C today. Its priests are members of the secular clergy who have bound themselves by oath to serve the missions and are directly subject to the Pope. Through the years, St Colura-ban's has established six seminaries for the missionary priesthood in English-speaking countries three in the United States, one in Ireland, one in Australia, and one in New Zealand. Among its priest and students, the society has American, Canadian. Irish, English, Scottish, Australian, and New Zealand members. In addition to it own membership of more than 500, tne society enjoys the assistance of a society of sisters, founded in 1922 as Missionary Sisters of St. Co-lumban and numbering 110. Thesa nuns work with the society! priests in China and the Philippines. The scope of its missionary activities has grown to include two vicariates in China Hanyang and Nancheng; two prefectures in Korea Kwoshu and Shunsen; one prefecture in Burma Bhamo; and 19 parishes in the Archdiocese of Manila and the Dioceses of Linga-yen and Cagayan, Philippine islands. St. Columban's maintains a hoiisa of post-graduate studies in Roma and a language school in Shanghai. World war II has affected ita work less than was expected. On of its missions is entirely in fre territory; parts of others are out of the war zone. Although other missions are in Japanese-occupied territories, only seven of its missionaries have been-forced to accept repatriation. Mission work continues, though under restrictions, in all the society's territories. In the home countries almost 309 seminarians are being prepared for future work in the Orient Founder Will Get No Felicitations aw; - Ivr p. , u" V " " ? 7' 'pi- fV iV '' T n I o " "i r - v -v f 1 V-'" Ml.1' I 6 si- I ' f : S'.a The man to whom St. Colon-ban's owes its foundation will not be reached by any messages of congratulation on the 25th birth-dav of his nnriptv R. in pied territory, deep in the heart of ' , vniiio win iuo5i jvev. riawara j, s: Galvin, Vicar Apostolic of Han- yang. As Father Galvin, 29 years of t " age, hs was assistant pastor of J1 r J Holy Rosary church, Brooklyn, N. t ' Y in February. 1912. when ha t first resolved to go to China. Ha left for the Far East shortly afterwards and labored in Chekians province. China, until 1916. Mean. while the first World war broke out and he witnessed the departure of vounc Fronrh nrioctc than tk. chief personnel of the missions tv for the military service to which - their government obliged them. . Daily faced with the need for" more English-speaking priest to keep pace with the lavishly ff. r' nanced workers of English and 3 " American non-Catholic sects and i f appalled by the government recall "' of the young French priests foir army duty, Father Galvin eon- I r t ceived the idea of gathering to- t J gether some young priests of his Kr" ' acquaintance to form the nucleus of a mission society that would - r have its roots in the fertile Catholic life he knew best that of the United States and Ireland, (Turn to Paget Column t) Vicar Apostolic Consecrated 1 Nazis Rationing Mass VYine Used by Priests Lisbon. S t r I e t rationing of Mass wine used by Catholic priests has been introduced by the Nasi authorities in Germany. The regulations provide that supplies must bs delivered by the rationing authorities to parishes.: monasteries, and other religious institutions rather than to individual priests. Priest transferring from ona parish to another may Dot take any Mass win with them.1 1 . . . - v-.-. ' - ; I . f I "C- 2- The Most Rev. Matthew AIotsIiis Niedhammer, O.F.M.Cap. (above), was consecrated Titular BUhop of Caloe to serve as Vicar Apoatoiie of Bluelieldt, ntraraana, IikmIit, . June 29. in St. Patrick's Cathedral, e'-jpV - 'w. i -V r- ; .' aSlv :-: ew York citv. The Moat Rev. James E. Walah, M.M.. Tttolar Bishop of 5a la and Superior Gen eral of Maryknoll, was the erm terra tor, and was aaaiated by Aux iliary Bwhop Stephen J. Donahue) of New York and Bitbnp John F. O'Hara. CS C, Military Delegate. Bishop IVedhammer was bora in New York Sept. 11, 1901. N -

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