Star Tribune from Minneapolis, Minnesota on July 13, 1947 · Page 1
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Star Tribune from Minneapolis, Minnesota · Page 1

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Minneapolis, Minnesota
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Sunday, July 13, 1947
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YOU'LL' FIND RADIO LOG Page II, Women Section. EDITORIAL race 18, General News Section. MINNESOTA POLL. Pare lt General News Section. BUSINESS Upper Midwest Section. THE WEATHER BUYNESOTA: Fair and Cooler. IOWA: Clearing: and Cooler. WISCONSIN': Cooler. NORTH AND SOUTH DAKOTA: Fair. WEATHER MAP Page Seven, PncH Section inneap o yt r ft -thy rtoune MINNEAPOLIS, MINN., SUNDAY, JULY 13, 1947 Price 10c in Twin Cities area; 15c elsewhere Vol. LXXXlNo. 50 nn M way ra Secrecy Keeps U. S. Confused on Atom f OFFICIALS PUT FAITH IN OPPENHEIMER Communist Charge Protested; Morrill Cites Atom Record University of Minnesota officials replied Saturday to Communist party membership; charges levelled at Dr. Frank! Oppenheimer, nuclear physicist,; by pointing to the fact that Op- penheimer had been cleared by the federal government as a wartime atomic bomb worker. Dr. J. L. Morrill, president, said that the university "has no reason to question his loyalty to the United States." CHARGED TRUMPED LT" Morrill referred to the "intensej and scrupulous Investigation made of all personnel in any way con nected with the atomic bomb project" and said "it would seem J n c o n c e i vable that Dr. Oppenheimer or any other s c 1 enlists I so close to the heart of that se-tret project could be even Oppenheimer suspected of disloyalty." Oppenheimer younger brother of Dr. J. Robert Oppenheimer, wartime chief of the Los Alamos A-bomb laboratories denied yesterday charges printed by the Washington Times-Herald that he was a member In 1937, 1033 and 1339 of the Communist party. He called trie charge "completely crazy," "trumped up" and ''a complete fabrication." "I am not and never have been a member of the Communist party," he asserted at a resort near Nisswa, Minn., where he is spending the week-end. WORKED 80 HOURS A WEEK "The allegation made by the Washington Times-Herald that I have been a member of the Communist party is a complete fabrication. "During the war I worked on the development of the atomic bomb at Berkeley, Oak Ridge and Ixs Alamos." "I spent an average of SO hours! a week in the laboratory. I end! my colleagues worked so fever- ishly. first because we were scared j for the life of our nation and! wanted to create a winning! weapon. j "Toward the latter ears of the: war we worked in the hope lhatj each week gained by our effort i would shorten the war by thatj week and save American lives in' the Pacific. "After the war I took every opportunity to acquaint the puh-llo with the implication of the Oppenheimer Continued on Page Four 11 SAVED AS FIRE SWEEPS YACHT Passengers Leap; Craft Blows Up SEATTLE, WASH. .T Eleven persons leaped into Fuget sound Saturday night when the yacht .TavTee exploded and burned just south of the city limits. All escaped i pan j e g u with nothing more serious hanhere.s the WRy sugni ourrui. The 40-foot craft was owned by Mrs. Ruth Young. Seattle, and was homeward bound from a cruise to nearby Yashon island at the time of the mishap. Other vessels In the area picked up the swimmers. Donald Young, a son of the owner, said his brother, Richard, had lifted a hatch to look at an engine and a violent explosion hurled him against the cabin ceiling. Flames engulfed the vessel almost at cone. All aboard managed to leap into the water. Richard Young and his wife were rescued by the sailing yacht Man-zanita, once owned by author Jack Londan. The JayTee sank about an hour and a half after the explosion. rt tinm Miertfam t ptaBaads ud wit in here this morningl the r&r-con.---0 HeBB- ATfc ',Bukender asked Williams as the pair By RICHARD WILSON Oil.f nt Mlnnpalw Triban Wihlnft Bar-aa WASHINGTON Theft of atomic energy documents by soldier souvenir hunters has brought into sharp focus the problem of security and secrecy which has risen once again to plague, and some say i to hamper, the atomic energy program. ! An agency with appropria- tions of more than $500,000,000 .is operating behind an iron cur tain. Within four years this expenditure will equal the gigantic $2,000,000,000 war-time effort which was compressed into two years. And yet, the public, and even congre.ss, has no way of looking at the program from time to time to tell where it I going. Though atomic energy development is an unavoidably important, perhaps controlling, element in our foreign policy, everything Is going on in the dark. FACTS KNOWN ABROAD Tho fact that the government intends to guard the secret of making the atomic bomb is not in doubt. But along with hiding this secret the atomic energy commission, whether by its own choice or not, is telling virtually ! ihJs log surrounds the atomic energy program even though many important facts are known I to the world at large, but not in '. the United States. For example, newspapers in Brussels. Belguim, printed accounts lately that the Belgian government will continue to permit shipments of uranium oro from its African possessions to the United States. The average person in the United States thought the ore was all on this continent, with the main deposits in Canada. Such does not seem to be the case. The Belgians know this, but the average American has not been given the faintest inkling of it by any public official. And there is no doubt the Russians also know It. LURID, INACCURATE STORT Part of the cause is certainly traceable to the hysteria in con gress over secrecy which was 11 lustrated last week when a New York newspaper published a lurid and inaccurate account of the dls appearance of the secret files. This newspaper laid all the blame on the atomic energy commission. Its security system was so bad, according to the newspaper, that someone got away with the secret. The farts were, two soldiers made away with the documents as souvenirs of their war experience before the atomic energy commission even existed. The excitement in congress is Atomic Secrecy Continued on Pane Four Crash Kills Doctor Dr. J. L. Bryan, 67, Xenia, 111., a surgeon for the Baltimore and Ohio railroad, was killed Saturday night when struck by an automobile on a St. rau street. COURT ACTION THREATENED Bar Charges Negro $10 a Drink An incident in a Minneapolis tavern Saturday in which a bartender allegedly first refused to serve a Negro, then charged $5 and $10 for two drinks of whiskey, brought threats of court action Saturday night. There also were charges that the bartender spit in the whiskey glasses when he served them. According to James Wardlaw, president of the Minneapolis Ur- the trouble started: Yesterday morning John Williams, editor of the Milwaukee, Wis., Globe, went into Dougherty's bar, 232 Hennepin avenue, and was ' refused service. Williams, a graduate of Milwaukee Teachers college, then called Wardlaw. RETORTER GOES TOO Wardlaw called the Minneapolis Tribune and said he and Williams were going back to the bar. A Tribune reporter was present In the bar when they arrived. "Aren't you the guy that was Williams HOME RUN! GOP WINS BY WASHOUT PICTURE Page Eight W ASHINGTO N (U.D Freshman Rep. Glenn R. Davis, (R., Wis.) knocked out a home run in the fifth inning today to bring victory to the GOP congressional team and a washing machine to the wife and kiddies. The Republicans defeated the Democrats 16 to 13 in the first (and probably the last) 1947 game of the congressional league. Play was called off in the first half of the seventh inning because of rain. A local merchant offered a washing machine for the first " home run. GREEKS BUY GUNS, STARVE Official Tells Grim It's 'Only Choice' GREEK COMMUSISTS Call for Own Rule Page 13, this section. By C FORCE C.RIM Minnnnolit Tribsn staff Correipanilnit ATHENS, GREECE When you clear away the explanations, you discover that a considerable part of that $300,- 000,000 United States loan to Greece will be buying British arms for one Greek to shoot at another, will be buying Greek ar my food, and will be paying for "organization of that army. In a nation where -470.000 out of 7,500,000 are tubercular where 18 per cent of the popula-tion is still homeless (that's the dismaying total of 1,200.-00 0 dispossessed), where there are only 5 2 locomotives running, where poor crops may drag the coun try down into another starvation winter, the money still goes to war. "We have no other choice," said a government official to me. "We cannot rebuild, we cannot restart our economy until we defeat the rebels, until the Greek people can feel secure and can get to work rebuilding their land without having to look back over their shoulder to see if the rebels are coming with loaded guns." The Communist-directed rebels are going to tie up 100,000 Greek Greek War Continued on Page Four stood at the bar. Williams admitted he was and asked for two drinks. First the bartender declined to serve the two men. After the pair insisted on serv Ice, the bartender agreed, but "at Jo a shot' drinks. Then he poured two!nad refused to give their names ' TRICE RAISED Wardlaw said he wanted Scotch whiskey, instead of the bourbon Williams received. That will be $10 a shot," the bartender said. "I have a right to charge what I wanL" When Wardlaw asked for a receipt, the bartender refused. He said he didn't give receipts for drinks. Wardlaw and Williams then called police. ASKS PATROLMAN The two patrolmen sent to the, bar questioned the bartender, after which the bartender agreed to serve Wardlaw and Williams; AID PARLEY KEEPS DOOR OPEN TO RUSS Bevin Pledges Full Backing of British in Rehabilitation OTHER STOR1 Eft-Pages Four and H, this section. FARIS CT Britain, France and Italy told the opening ses sion of the Marshall plan conference that Russia and the absent eastern European nations still would be welcome to help in a continent-wide effort to rebuild a war-shattered economy. Moreover, British Foreign Sec retary Ernest Bevin declared, the conference was not intended to set up a permanent organization rivaling the United Nations. He said the conference members re mained loyal to the U.N. and wanted to work in the fullest cooperation with U.N. agencies. Bevin also pledged the resources of the British commonwealth, insofar as the British government ran influence them, to the task of European rehabilitation. Statesmen from 16 European nations met for an hour in the gilded grand banquet hall of the French foreign ministry. They elected Bevin presiding officer and named a working committee which immediately began a study of the British-French draft for European recovery with American aid. COMPROMISE LUG ED The committee met for four and a half hours without achieving agreement on the organiza tion of the conference. At its second meeting today at noon, it js to consider a com promise proposal designed to meet demands of smaller nations that all Ifi rations at the conference be represented on the projected international co-operation commit tee. Britain and France originally proposed that this committee, have only five or six members. Sept. 1 was fixed as the target date for a complete report on the development of essential production, on indispensible European trade and on deficit needs which the United States would be asked to fill. The conference was called by Britain and France after Russia declined to have anything to do with the Marshall plan. The plan was outlined by George C Mar shall, United States secretary of state, at Harvard university June INTERFERENCE CHARGED Briefly, it envisions American aid to Europe after the nations of Europe have decided how far they can help themselves and Just what help they will need from the Unit ed States. Soviet Russia charged that this would mean Interference in the independence of the European countries. She held aloof from the meeting, along with eight neighbors. However, the red hammer and' sickle flag of the Soviet and the banners of the absent countries flew in the conference hall with those of the delegates present. two drinks of Scotch, at $10 a drink. Before the bartender poured Wardlaw's drink, he spit in the glass, and Wardlaw refused to Ulillli. UBIUIBW vKea one of the patrolmen. Robert Bullock, if he had seen the bartender spit in the glass. f.Ln ( k. I'..J1 , ,1 Bullock said, spit on the har. BuIlocXkand the other officer in me iiiuunc irporirr, iney were identified by their badge numbers No. 421 as Buiioek and No. 4S8 as James Wallace, After Wardlaw and Williams (walked out; the patrolmen were asked about the bartender al legedly spitting in the drink. They said it wasn't their business to see that. They said the Incident was a civil matter. They said ahta that there was "no sense, In trying to plant someone there (In tha bar). Wardlaw said he will ask M. J. Dillon, Hennepin county attorney, to bring court action against the owner and operator of the bar for alleged violation of a state 1 a w prohibiting discrimination against Negroes in public places. r v M . I i inn, i mi. i inn i S Irin i I SUSrECT AWAITS QUESTIONING IN SHOOTING William L. Kaiser, loft, former Capitol policeman, was held in the office of the senate sergeant - at - arms pending questioning; Saturday after his arrest on charges of firing two pistol shots at Sen. John W. Bricker (R., Ohio) in the senate subway. At right, police lieutenant Robert Murray shows the pistol and shells used by Kaiser to a group of reporters. AP Wirephotos. CIO TO TEST LABOR LAW Murray and Reuther Defy Election Ban By WILLIAM H. MYLANDER Mlnnripolia Triknn Slff Corrrpa4cat WASHINGTON The CIOP has invited a supreme courtr test of the constitutionality of the Taft-Hartley labor act. ; CIO Tresident Fhilip Murray and Walter T. Reuther, head of the CIO's biggest union. Saturday night deliberately violated the act to provoke court tests of its ban on union political expenditures. Murray violated the ban by publishing an editorial statement taking sides in a Maryland congressional campaign. Reuther. chief of the United Auto Workers union, took similar action in Detroit. In the July issue of "The United Automobile Work er." Reuther also took sides in the Mary land campaign and in ad dition urged voters in a Pennsylvania district to elect the Demo cratic candidate for congress. Reuther said he doubted Sen Robert A. Tart, (k., Ohio) or other backers of the new labor law "will have the courage to demand prosecution for this violation." He said he hoped someone would prosecute, however, "he-cause the law needs to he tested." Both he and Murray said a test would establish the "unconstitu-tlIonality, of the political ban. This section w-as attacked in congress Friday nighL Senators Labor Law Test Continued on Page JK GOPACCEPTSTAX VOTE ON MONDAY Barkley Assures Senate of Quick Truman Veto WASHINGTON CD Repub- lies a sponsors failed in an effort to ram the $4,000,000,000 income tax cut bill through at a senate session Saturday night. Final ac- J tion was put off until Monday. A vote then with passage a-j sured was arranged In an infor - mal agreement between leaders of Democratic and Republican par - M The GOP leadership once turned down such an agreement, but accepted Jt later after Democratic leader Barkley of Kentucky told them he believed President Truman w-ill veto the measure promptly without waiting the usual ten days. Barkley said he was "astonished that some Republicans apparently feared that either senate Democrats or Mr. Truman "would indulge In some kind of chicanery" to delay adjournment of congress July 2. That adjournment goal is bound up in the action on the tax measure. Mr. Chm. L tor. s a U worid't f?V-V- ':'',-''' -x ----- - - ' ' "' - -I f J SHOT rntED AT BRICKER LF.WTS 3HRK Jerry Albright, uhrfty ear operator, aotrs Joseph R. McCarthy (R, tri.;, left, vhere bullet imbedded itttff BRICKER FIRED ON; MAN SEIZED raoM tun fwr.TCHLs WASHINGTON An cx-rapitol policeman with a 15-year grudge against Sen. John W. Bricker Saturday fired two bullets at the Ohio Republican but missed. The assailant, William L. Kaiser, Columbia. Ohio, told reporters after he was captured that he shot at Bricker "to re fresh his memory. The shooting occurred in the j block-long underground subway linking the United States capitol and the senate office building. Kaiser fled, but was captured by Washington police in the lob by of a downtown apartment houce. The gun was tucked in a leather holster Inside his shirt. REFTSES TO TALK Last night Bricker said that Kaiser refused to talk with him after Kaiser, was brought back to the senate for identification. T examined the gun." Bricker isaid - "It was a .22 caliber target ; pistol, single shot. That explains ; the delay between the two shot. The ammunition was live u2 longs." Bricker said polire told him that Kaiser was arrested at the home of "his estranged sife here." Bricker Mid that the former policeman "certainly must have been a poor shot." He said that he asked office assistance to telephone his srife and assure her he w as not hurt and then later talked to her when Kaiser was arrested. "I knew that she would feel better when the fellow was under arrest." Bricker said. A LITTLE OFF Bncker, who described tlx a. tailant as "a little off," said im- ! -l the senator was going to return me money you sto:e xrom ine Columbia Building and Loan as- mediately after the shooting that he thought that Kaiser had used blanks. He said be did not hear any bullets whistle past-Later police located two marks in the subway which they believe might have been caused by the bullets fired at Bricker. On mas a chipped rnmer on Bricker Crmtinved on Pag Eight " : U. S. SAILORS TO SPLIT PRIZE FOR SALVAGE OF GERMAN SHIP NEW YORK CNS The navy indicated Saturday night that a "pot of goVT mny be forthcoming to 880 officers and men of the U-S.S. Omaha and the UJ5S. Somers wh participated in the apprehension and salvage of the camouflaged German freighter Odenwald in November, 134L The admiralty taction of the judge advocate general's office disclosed that the United States district court for Puerto Rico . has awarded each f the 66 officers and men who formed the boarding and salvage party $3,000. All other members f the two ships were awarded two . months' pay and allowances. The Odenwald Interests and the Swiss mortgagees of the German vessel have appealed from the decision. The filing of the libel for salvage end the inclusion of naval personnel in the salvage libel were at the express direction of the navy secretary after the Odenwald was towed to San Juan. The navy cited the 66 officer and men for comandeering the Odenwald after the German crew sought to sink the ship when It was sighted by the neutrality patrol halfway between the hump of Brazil and the bulge of Africa, EX-SERGEANTS CHARGED IN SECRECY LEAK U, S. Agents Recover Top Secret Files, Films on Bomb Work roM trt wsriTcms WASHINGTON YEl agents late Saturday arrested two for- !merarmy sergeants accused cf ; taking atomic bomb documenta 1 1 some of them said to be "top I 'secret from the Los Alamos, ;N. M, testing station. ir.e tbi, ma king tne announce j 'ment, told or recovering the docu ments and photographs cf "the various phases' of the A-bomb from a variety cf places a student's room at Trinreton university, a wa'l safe in Penr.sylvar.ia and a photograrhy studio in Chicago. r.IR IDENTIFIED The tw men were Identified officially as: Earnest D. Wall is. 34. who was arrested at his Paul Stone-Ray-mor photography studio in Chicago. Alexai.der ton der Luft, 25, arrested at his home ct Jit. Lebanon. r. His father. Oscar Wilhelm von der Luft. graduated from the University of Minnesota in 1917. Informed government officials said no evidence was uncovered that any of the documents were seen by anyone besides the two ex-sergeants. The FBI said ihat the two mm did rot know each ether, and that the thefts from the Los Alamos atomic bomb plant were net connected. NO ESriONAGE Lou Nichols. FBI public relations officer, told reporters that " information uncovered by investi gators "indicated no connection, between these bos end foreign agents or foreign espionage." If fh VRt rpp1i atrofw 1 tained this in a preliminary In- quiry, before the two former army men were interviewed directly. After it was established to th satisfaction of the agents that there were no "foreign connections,' Nichols said, the men were questioned directly and the searches disclosing the notes, file Jl and photographs were made. COMPLAINTS FILED The FBI said Jn a statement that complaints are being filed before the United States commissioner at Santa Fe, N. M. charging Von der Luft and Wallis with wilfully and unlawfully removing and concealing records and documents in violation of section 234. title IS, United States criminal code. This section covers removal and concealment of classified documents. The offence, upon conviction, carries a penalty cf a fine cf not more than $2,000 or not more than three years Imprisonment, or both. Von der Luft wj'l be arraigned before the Untied States commissioner at Pittsburgh, Ta.. the FBI said, while Wallis will be ar-rs'gned before the United States commissioner at Chicago. The FBI etplained that it charge could h- Filed under the atomic energy met inr "the el Atom Thefts Continued on Page Etght Wallis Von der Luft is. J M Hi 1

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