The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on June 22, 1944 · Page 8
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 8

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Blytheville, Arkansas
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Thursday, June 22, 1944
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Page 8
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^ i-AGE Ji.lGHI AHEAD OtOtOt I ttNSON ; • KING COTTON Sitting on a' throne, holding economic- sway over 13 million loyal subjects, King Cotton wa's a liberal and lovable old character. Playing the} part of a pensioner, however, he iJias not protected his future very well. Abnormal circumstances call' 1 -for emergency measures, of course, but King Cotton deserves lo rule' ; Instead of pass the hat and his .friends should work to promote him. • People who know even a litlle about cotton RS an industry want that crop to rule souhrrji agriculture for several years after the war, nt least,. They have a good reason that Is patriotic and unselfish: Cotton normally provides more jobs than any other industry and work Is (vssenttBl to national prosperity. A cotton depression could blast this whole nation's post-war hopes. •••• The "Parity" Plan "'How,' 1 you may ask, "can a single industry get in enough trouble; to" bring ..on a depression?" Answer: simply by losing its markets. Normally, be It remembered, half the cotton raised in America Is sold abroad' But Brazil, China, JJLYTJ1BVJUJS (AKK.) COUK1BU NBUS TARGETS FOR OUR B-29's Concentrated In 16 Cities In Six Major Areas Are Japan's Vitally Important War Industries where (he war now Is being fouuht I'VKVOKO rt.N't) I'AWATA I'hcse twin dlics, also on Die Is- aml of JCytishu, together constitute Japan's rorcmost Iron anil Mcel center. They rank close to Die (op also in chemicals. In iijttlitlon, they have Important, shipbuilding, light and heavy electrical equipment, automotive rubber, ordnance and light metals industries. Their Importance Is out of all proportion to their popiiln- tioius, which at last credible re- aboift ""P™ 1 "'*^ «"'» OSAKA—Japan's largest shipbuilding center, Is an Im-JUne largcl for our Supcr'-For'lrc.ssc.s," the IS-JJD's. isy s. mmroN HEATH JVivA Sl.iff Correspondent WASHINGTON. - Japanese In- dustr concentrated very largely in 1C cities that arc so Kroupcd •is lo constitute six mnjor fiidus- nroas. Four are located on the main Island of Honshu and two on (he southernmost large Island- Kyushu. Tokyo, Yokalwtna, Kawasaki and Tstirmul, on the eastern const of Honshu, make up the Number One India and Russia, coming cotton industrial center, which has pecul countries, arc laktng our foreign markets by selling for less. They plant their best, level lands lo cotton and produce it cheaply. The U. S. has plenty of rich, level land too but foreigners undersell us because our price is phony; pegged so n one-mule crop on a rutty hillside, worn out with 100 years of cotton, will pay. Government invented "parity price" trying to help the grower buy as much with a bale ol cotton now ns in the live years before World War I; then lo prop the slinm price, loaned 30 per cent on cotton security. ! Cotton's Arcli Kncmy The result Is well known. The government took America's cotton but the foreigners took America's customers and, unless we can get them lack after the war, we will never sell half as much cotton as we arc raising now. Even the home market is in danger. New fibres like rayon are cheaper already tbaii the' brat of cotton and scl'cntlsU are" Improving; them every clay. Nothing can save the U.S. cotton business after the war bill ability to-sell successfully in world markets. Frozen acreage already has run i(s course. Price subsidy will have served its purpose before (lie wails over. Dependence Is business suicide to any farmer' I nm convinced tha-t (he Southern planter's wisdom and Yankee Ingenuity can be relied upon to put King cotton tack in jjowcr where he cnn create wealth,, pay good wages and laugh at Asia and South America. Back In CoinpclUlon For more than n century It lias been an excellent thing lor this country to have cotton in the South, spread over U million acres of land, employing 13 million people, 'ihese people buy a lot of what other American farmers grow and sell half of their own production (o Europeans. Thinking ol post-war Jobs, the South and Its cotton is siill a. pleasant prospect. Three things need prompt government action: (1) Encourage planting cotton on land where a crop is possible, where It can be chopped (perhaps even picked) by machinery. (2) Del ready to meet iar psychological importance because Tokyo Is the capital and Yokohama the principal seaport. Their combined population probably approaches 9,000,000 persons. Osaka, Kobe, Kyoto and Ama- gusaki, In southern Honshu, rank next to the Tokyo-Yoknhama district In ixipulalion, with about 5,500,000, and arc very important, industrially, besides constituting, us n group, the nation's prime shipbuilding center. Hut the relatively little known Nagoya in eastern Honshu, with about, the population of Los Angeles, ranks ahead of these more publicized cities In war production. In fact, Nagoya probably turns out more military material than any other single city In Japan, A fourth Industrial center ranks first In the manufacture of electrical equipment, particularly of the light types; first In the making of airplane parts; second In machine tools. The city Is believed to have more than 100 plants making parts for planes, most of which arc assembled elsewhere; but the biggest aircraft plants arc In other cities. Beslde.s these, Tokyo Industry plays an Important part In the output ol chemicals, ordnance, non-ferrous metals, rubber processing, small iron and steel products. Her Industry Is predominantly light. She is believed to share with Nagoya and Kyoto leadership in the manufacture of bearings. . YOKAHAiMA Yokahama Is the "port for Tok- Honshu _ Nilgata, Nagnska and y0 ' , a , ml ( ^ ? fl ' 0m !iny s l> cclfi(; Aoml on the western coast-Is of " nVI " lns(iU " ul °'«. presumably still relatively minor Importance W | ls J ?, tKl "' s llllml)c , r oll <= seaport. Ac- gasaki, including smaller Sasebo !s col(1 "Bly -again excepting navy most" luipiirlunt because it Is presumably the port from which sails much of the military and imvnl traffic with which Allied forces in the Southwest Pacific have lo contend These cities also arc Important Industrially. The, generally unpubliclncd Fu- and YaVntft arc of almost as great Importance to Japan as I'Ht.s-bin-gh l s lo the United States of Birmingham to England. As nearly as can be determined, about a third of Japan's industry now is located In conquered territory—notably In Korea. Military Importance of largels in *•• J • > *•! \Jt* Lliill v iu UIU.UL i ., , , " any price named anywhere In world , ' i" 1 lnl } y 1>L ' J» (| B«t from the fol- Irade. (3) Sell (hat horded fibre. ,,°^"F <lnte concerning these six Uncle Sam would look pretty silly after the war holding a shirt-tail full of cotton in a rayon shirt. yank — Yokahama Is supposed Ho the top in shipbuilding, number one shipbuilding company was operating in Yoka- hama at last public reports. The Nissan automobile plant, Japan's biggest, at least up to Pearl Harbor, is here, and presumably, like American motor plant.?, Is making tanks, jeeps, tractors, mobile artillery mounts, truck nnrii pliine paris. Two of the nation's most import- nut, heavy electrical equipment plants probably make Yokiiliainii tops in the production of generators, transformers and similar war- essential machinery. machine tools. Osaka Is an extremely Important chemical center, produces much light electrical equipment, and is an important maker of aircraft parts, ordnance and bearings. Kobe is a major producer THURSDAY, JUNE 22, 1944 Kobe, center is an and important clicinlcal produces substantial quantities of Iron and steel and of electrical equipment. NAGOVA Nagoya, with a population ol approximately 1,350,000, probably is Japan's first, city In production of war goods, though she is topped by the Tokyo-Yokahama area as a areas: for Travelers in Wartime Tokyo, metropolis of Japan, has n population of mound 7,000,000, almost a s large as New York City. The growth ol about 1,000,000 during the five years from 1935 to 1940 suggests the pressure under which Japan was stepping up her 1 idiistrial activity during that per- od. As nearly as can bo told, Tokyo :. . for advance information aboul the best use of transportation today Take a minute lo call Greyhound for full information before you take a trip—you']] avoid possible disappoinlmcnt and help wartime transportation. It pays to find-out about schedules and fares in advance and 10 learn what deparlurc times are best for you —when the most seats arc available. Greyhound Bus Terminal 103 N. Fifth GREYHOUND FERTILIZER For Side Dressing. J. L TERRELL 111S - Bd *y- Phone 2631 E, Allen Biddie of Biddie Exterminators U now in town and wilt be here for the next week or 10 days. GUARANTEED PEST CONTROL. • -^—^^^"•^•^•^^^^•^ Buying Logs '" Of All Kinds. BARKSDALE MFG. CO. , ' BlytheviUe, Atk. ired Husbands! Rundown Wives! Vant New Pep, Vim, Energy? ma MwJ n UlilKI. Sll vit.filT- ,,l fitraptuli lla llnld ,k. run,l,>Y ,<ltu*l» aw ttitic ilosw mul'TrS?,'?.!! ,„ prt> ,«t m, r-h««- li»u>t«l, on-fool tonillUoiu Ih.l,,:,!.,i ,,)„ Mn,i~ Hrij- oiii oily StH°,°ro""','ffi' ™,M"-rof),V ! " »II elms tttfin IlK «t Xlrby ovorywlicie — In In addition, (he cily Is import-1 '" lo "snble weapons. The country's ant, in the chemical, machine tool,! se concl largest automotive plant, rubber industries, and has a fewjToyada, is located at Karomo, part relatively unimportant alrcr a f tj of tne Nagoy'n industrial area. With the Nissnn plant in Yokahama, this before the war accounted for an (parts) pliinfs. KAWASAKI Kawasaki's industries resemble those of Yoknhiuna — including heavy electrical equipment, chemicals, some aircraft and automotive plants. TSUKUMI Tsurumi has chemical, steel, automotive and synthetic oil plants. Th c laltcr arc presumed to he for insurance against the time when the Allies cut off Japan's n6w abundant supplies of pctroleinh products. OSAKA-KOHE Osaka, with about the population of Chicago (around 3,250,000) and Kobe, with about 1,006,000 persons, conslilute almost a single industrial center. Considered together, they probably top Yokahama in shipbuilding to take first • • - rank in Japan; sec-1 for much of the Empire's military ond in steel and iron; second in'and naval traffic Into the areas Oil for Biggest U.S. Airline LaGuarclia Field, N. Y.-SincIair's unique oil-jeep drains and fills giant American Airlines' Flagship with Sinclair Pennsylvania Motor Oil. American Airlines, Inc., biggest U, S. Airline, relies on Sinclair Pennsylvania Motor Oil exclusive!)' to save wear on its costly air- plnne engines. Now that your car needs all possible protection, give it the same protection given these planes. Buy Sinclair Pennsylvania Motor Oil from your Sinclair Dealer, .* SINCLAIR PENNSYLVANIA MOTOR OIL B. J. ALLEN Pk w 2115 -« At»t M llytk«TiIl«, Art NHOATA I he smaller cities of Niigata Aoml and Nagaoka have liiiuor- t!l'^ i 0 ,'" 1 " 1 ' 0 "' a " 1 ' liuchlnc tool SII1MONOSKKI AND aiOJI I'nor to the war, rnllroacl cars carrying mw mntrrlnls, parts ami finished product.'; between the two man Japanese Islands, Honshu ami Kyushu, liutl to be ferried across a narrow Mrail, which constituted .something of a bottleneck. A tunnel now has been built between *1 and Mojl. In this city tile plane parts made elsewhere are assembled into war planes, so that while Nngoyn ranks only third in the number of factories devoted to aircraft, her output of finished planes is believed to be first in tile nation. The same is true of other lines in which paris mnde in other cities iare routed to Nagoya for assembly ovci-whelming proportion of Japan's automotive production, and presumably now is very important in the manufacture of tanks, jeeps, trucks, mobile artillery mounts and planes Nagoya is Japan's first center of machine tool manufacture and has important light electrical goods and chemical industries NAGASAKI With Sasebo, Nagasaki ranks third in shipbuilding, behind Osaka-Kobe and Yokahama, and close to the top In electrical equipment, both light and heavy. She has also a significant aircraft parts industry. But Nagasaki may be even more important, because of her geographical location on Kyushu, southernmost of the important Japanese Islands, as the ports of departure Kahn Is Vice Chairman Of National War Fund LITTLE HOCK, June 21. <U1')- Presldcnt Alfred G. Kiihn of the Union Nutlontil Dunk In Liltle Hock has been named vice t'lmlriimii of the NuUoiml War Fund. The War Fund finances Ihc USD War Prisoners Aid, United Seaman's Service and 1C other war agencies C. Hamilton Moses, president of Artamsas Power nml Light Company, has been named slate chair 111:111, The Arkansas branch of the fund Is directed by pnilo C. Dlx. The gasoline required In the North African operations amounted to more than 4,000,000 gallons a week. MEMBER OF SERVING NATION-WIDE AMBULANCES Kijuljijied With Oxygen Units Tor Your Better Protection HOLT FUNERAL HOME Phone 571 for Detalla Commercial Classes In Shorihand-Bookkeepinq-Typinq MRS. L. M. BURNETT 1010 Jle;irn Degree From Accredited College Phone 3Z70 heavy electrical equipment and lias an important rubber industry. KYOTO Kyoto, with a million Inhabitants, Is closely affiliated with the O.sa-i lin-Kohc Industrial urea. | There Is Imporliil shipbuilding in the prefecture, outside (he city proper. Other major industries include aircraft parts, chemicals, light electrical equipment and some ord- nancc. AMAGASAKI This smaller city, adjacent to Just Received AVAILABLE TO FARMERS AND •OTHERS ENTITLED TO SIGN HARDWARE CO. SLACKS Recent shipments hpvc made our sfocks of odd frousers the most complete we've ever shown . . . And right at the time you need them most! Choose from all the new fabrics and colors . . . Yes, we have your size. We've also complete new stocks of sports and dress shirts, bright Summer'neckwear, and accessories of all kinds! Cleaner- Tailor-Clothier

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