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ALL THAT LIES BETWEEN US AND VICTORY IN 1944 I MORE OR LESS MoxniriQ tribune FRIDAY, J.UTART 7, 1944 RUKEYSER SAYS: Prewar Sales Methods Will Spur Recovery By MEKKYLE STANLEY RUKEYSER PERSONAL 4 h7om r-J. McVat Published Daily Except Sunday at 427 Sixth Avenue S. (15) by tha Minneapolis Star Journal and Tribune Company. Ueiepnone ATiantlc 3111. JOHN COWLES.
President. JOHN THOMPSON, Vire President and Publlsner. GARDNER COWLES. Vice President. WILLIAM J.
McNALLY, Vf President. GIDEON SEYMOUR, Vice President. BASIL WALTERS. Vice President and Executive Editor, THOMAS J. DILLON, Editor-in-Chief.
UTHEN THE SPIRIT of dilettanteism is applied to business it frequently produces mutually contradictory proposals. For example, the debonair apostles of a "brave new world" are Entered as Second Clasa Matter at the Postoffice at demanding a regimen of "full employment and full capacity opera' tion of industry." Overlooking, for the time being, the academic question of whether it would be feasible or desirable always to run at full Minneapolis, under the Act of March 3, 1879 SUBSCRIPTION RATES, BY MAIL MINNESOTA. NORTH DAKOTA. SOUTH DAKOTA, IOWA, WISCONSIN 1 Year 6 Mos. 3 Mos.
Morning Tribune J4.40 $2.20 Evening Star Journal n.00 4.40 2.20 Sunday Tribune 6 00 3.50 1.73 ALL. OTHER STATES Morning Tribune 9.00 B.00 2. SO Evening Star Journal 9 00 6.00 2.M Sunday Tribune 7.00 4.00 2.00 VOLUME LXXVTI NUMBER 228 capacity, I think that the so-called economic "liberals" are unaware of the factors that contribute to a high lsflel of activity. Inconsistently or muddlehead- Th, Press 'a exclusively entitled to the use for iwuuuoiuua vi au news dispatches credited to it or not OTr 89 to this paper, and also the local news published herein. All rights of republication of special ucieiu bib reservea.
Camouflage From the New York Herald Tribune A flier crossing the Atlantic saw an iceberg in the convoy lane and dropped down to investigate, thinking to report it. The iceberg fired at the plane, whose pilot escaped in report a new kind of enemy camouflage. In a lagoon at Venice fliers spotted a new island complete with a villa, a garden and three cows. Escaping Italians told them that underneath this painted canvas island was the liner Conte di Savoia. status comes from a balanced national economy, in which the producing groups in agriculture, industry, trade and the service occupations are in sufficiently balanced income relationships to edly, they even oppose some of the means which have proved successful in the past in expanding the gross volume of sales.
Booming Production Large scale production can be carried on only if validated by large scale consumption. Yet the visionaries who purport to want the result are critical of the means. They are, for example, organized to discourage and disparage advertising and merchandising, which are the tools by which businessmen induce fellow citizens in time of peace to clamor for more and better things. As consumption rises above the mere subsistence level, the cost of distribution inevitably tends to rise. A high level of consumption represents a demand for items beyond mere essentials.
Thus, if we are to make any measurable progress after the war to heightening the level of economic activity, it will be necessary for the economy to be lavish, rather than penurious, with sales-stimulating campaigns. In the circumstances, theoretical obstructionists who inveigh against the "economic waste" of advertising and the high cost of distribution will be out of step. The economy can afford the cost of amassing sufficient orders to permit producers "to work at a high level of activity. 'Prosperity Soup Advertising promotes the desire to buy, but in addition to desire there must also be the effective means of payment. This enable them to employ one an other through interchanging among themselves the products LETTER TO HENRY (Having to do with tonight's symphony concert W.
J. McN.J J-NEAR HENRY: AFTER A COUPLE OF all-or-chestra recitals, you're going to hrar or.a tonight which calls for a soloist the 35-year-old Zino Francescatti. that delightful French fiddler whom you heard last year in the Paganinl concerto. He'll be doing the Tsehaikowsky concerto this time. The purely orchestral number? will be Weber's Overture to "Euryanthe," Prok fieff's "Classical Symphony," and Max Reecr's "Variations and Fuge on a Beethoven Theme." THE PROKOFIEFF "Classical Symphony" a favorite with Mr.
Mltropolous. In a sense, it's a contradiction in terms. It's the twentieth century aping the eighteenth, the heretic denying his heresies, the "enfant terrible" confessing his sins ar.d returning to the fold. At leasfTthat's the superficial impression it gives. For here that rough, uncouth, and sarcastic hurler of dissonance, Proko-fieff, becomes a meek little lamb and writes a symphony in the manner of Mozart or Haydn.
It's as tf Walt Whitman had written a poem in the manner of Wordsworth, or James Joyce a novel in the manner of Walter Scott. Every thing about it suggests that the author has either lost his mind or repudiated his principles, since it embodies the exact opposite of everything his art and life have stood for. BUT ALAS, THE IMPLICATIONS aren't at all that they seem to be. The real story, I understand, is that Prokofieff, who had always been a "piano-composer" that is, he composed at tht piano and with the help of the piano wanted to free himself of his dependence on the piano. (Most symphonic composers, you know, have no more to do with the piano when they compose than a business man has when he dictates a speech for the Kiwanis club to his secretary.) For that reason Prokofieff chose to compose symphony containing but the simplest harmonies: he wanted to be dead sure lie could hear thonvao curately in his mind's ear.
And that's how it happened that he reverted to the of Mozart. All this took place about 27 year nun. uhn Prokofieff was 26 (he's now 53 and in Since then he's continued to write characteristic 20th century music, so his "conversion" to cism amounted to nothing. Yet this little classical symphony, which he did as a practice exercise, enjoys greater popularity with audiences than almost anything else he ever wrote. NOW CONCERNING THE MAX REGER varia.
tions on a Beethoven theme: Who, you may ask, was Reger? Well, Reger was a German who was once regarded as a rival to Richard Strauss. He died back in 1916, at the age of 43. He wnt to school to Bnch and the polyphonic masters, and became wonderfully and fearfully adopt at carom, fugues and double fugues and all the intricate things that awe the professors. He could keep six themes going at one and the same time and perform every traditional trick of which the technician, or super-technician, was capable. But somehow he remained the technician to the end.
He could achieve everything except beauty, passion, originality, and power. His works have shown little survival capacity, and it is only rarely that you hear a Max Reger composition any rr.oro. What he fines with this Beethoven theme will en you some idea of his ingenuity, and tt'i dount-ful if you can see In any of the variations any resemblance to each other or to the original them. I can't guarantee that you'll either like or understand Reger and I don't know that it make much difference whether you do or not but you're certain to enjoy Francescatti, so you'll have that to look forward to even if the mathematical convolutions of Reger are too much for you. And the Prokofieff composition i3 quits likely to convince you, for once, that you're all for modern music.
Sincerely. W. J. McN. THE WORLD OF ART of their year's labor.
Sentimental economists are forecasting a prosperous postwar period on the strange ground that the federal debt will be large and can best be serviced when the so-called national income is high. This is equivalent to predicting that the man with ten children will be a successful earner because he has so many mouths to feed. Perhaps the magnitude of the load will be a spur to activity, but In order to be effective it will be necessary to include in the national broth the ingredients which in the past have produced the soup of prosperity. Faithful Supporters MOW THAT the New Dealers have fallen out over the question as to which of the justices of the supreme court has "most faithfully supported the New Deal in his decisions' the actuality of the President's purpose to pack the court becomes tangibly apparent. Repentance for this may well have been the motivating cause for his desire to wrap the New Deal in its cerements and lay it hastily in its grave.
It would be idle to deny that the court now stands in the public eye as a political rather than a judicial agency, and that while justice may still wear the bandage over her eyes, as she holds the scales, her ears are sharply attuned to the rustle of the ballot box. So well is this recognized that congress is anticipating decisions of that once august body and is attempting to forestall them by specific legislation. Congress has before it now a bill making it plain by legislative enactment, beyond any judicial casuistry that ideological loyalty may invent, that the business of fire insurance Is not commerce and that its regulation is the function of the state and not of the federal government. It is not our intention to discuss the merits of state versus federal regulation of insurance, but only the reasons that bring up this issue in congress at this time. The facts are that the New Deal has been anxious to get control of the fire insurance buj-ness as part of the general strategy to center as much regulatory power as possible in Washington.
Action was brought in a federal district court in Georgia against a number of fire insurance companies under the commerce clause. The court ruled against the government agents pointing out that the Supreme Court of the United States had for 75 years held that insurance was not commerce, and that its regulation belonged to the states. Nothing daunted by this long standing and presumably constitutionally sound decision, the zealous New Dealers announced their intention of appealing to the supreme court. The fire insurance companies, state governors and insurance commissioners, fearful of the fact that a New Deal supreme court "will support the New Deal in its decision," are seeking affirmative legislation that will make the court's position for three quarters of a century permament, or until such time as congress itself sees fit to change it. We repeat that we hold no brief for the fire insurance companies, and are not concerned with the state's rights phase of the matter, but only with the fact that the highest court in the land is suspected of an ideological bias and a subserviency to executive will, that makes its decisions predictable.
As evidence of this we submit the rival claims of the protagonists of Justice Black and Justice Frankfurter as to who has been the more faithful supporter of the New Deal in his decisions. Minneapolis' Artist Cameron Booth Paints the Real West With Integrity Editors Note: Cameron Booth, noted Minneapolis artist and di-rector-on-leave of St. Paul Gallery School of Art, gets a full' page article in the current issue Letters to the Trib une of Art Neics, bi-monthly art publication. Booth had a one-man show at the Mortimer Brandt galleries in New York in Decem ber, and one of the canvases ex and now we are lamenting the greatly increased juvenile delinquency. C.
L. STEVENS, Minneapolis. hibited, "Sheep Herder," icas sold to the Detroit Museum. Recent recipient of a Guggenheim fel lowship, he spent his Icarc from the St. Paul school in Wyoming, painting the West.
His wife is a Minneapolis school The following article, titled "Cameron Booth: Home on the Range," is by Art News' managing editor. By ROSAMUND FROST OOKING back over the record or tne regional painting school in America, from the "dis An Answer to Critic of Prohibition Days To the Editor: How the dealers in alcoholic poisons do love to snipe at the days of prohibition! A writer in the Dec. 27 Tribune gives out the impression that juvenile delinquency dates from the prohibition era and is chargeable to it. Maybe that writer is not old enough to remember the old "wine rooms" attached to most of the saloons, places to which minors of both sexes were freely admitted and where drunkenness and debauchery ran riot. Perhaps, too, he is too young to know that the Red Wing state school was often filled to capacity 50 years ago.
At that time, I frequently saw 16 and 18 year-old youths staggering on the streets, and seldom was the money they laid on the saloon bar refused, whatever their age or condition, obedience' to law never having been a virtue of the liquor traffic. Your correspondent should know that during the first five years of constitutional prohibition, the United States was the on a Minnesota Indian reservation from which he has drawn some of his best material. Works of this period, like "Early Mass" belonging to the Newark museum, have a crispness of design later dropped in favor of more plastic effects. He remembers well how he took this picture across the ice on a sled at 40 below zero in order to send it in to the Carnegie. Abroad Again The year 1927' saw another trip abroad, study under Hot-mann in Munich and Lhote in Paris.
It was when he got back from it that the ideal job materialized, that of instructor at, and finally director of, the St. Paul School of Art. If Minneapolis had thought him too wild, here was the experimental milieu of which teachers dream. Here in '29 Booth staged what was perhaps the first show of industrial art in America. Over the years he has sent in to all the big jury shows of the Midwest, by 1942 rating a whole room at Chicago's watercolor international.
Priced in the middle hundreds of dollars, his pictures have been quietly but steadily passing to local collectors between Pennsylvania and Wisconsin. Although Booth was planning to settle down in New York for a while and, in the past week, accepted a tempting teaching job in Texas, he still loves the frontier aspect of Minnesota. Overnight from here he can run up for a Canadian canoe trip, two days take him out to the Big Horns. Camping trips in which he travels light always include sketching material. covery or wood, curry, ana Benton to the quiet eclipse of the did nothing but hunt, trap, and ride his pony.
If he has become one of our premier horse painters today, it goes back to these years and to a following one on a South Dakota ranch. He had drawn the things around him since childhood so it was natural that by 20 he would take off for the Chicago Art Institute with the intent of becoming a caricaturist. In those days the school of the place and opportunities to eke out tuition fees with odd jobs. Booth swept floors, taught Saturday classes, but his last two years was on an entirely non-paying basis. In 1917 a scholarship sent him on a tour of the East and (before he lost the balance in an army crap game) permitted him to spend some eight months back in Youngstown 'working independently while he waited for his induction.
It was at this time that he heeded a French artist called Gaspard who had recommended quick sketches in oil "at least a thousand of them" as a simple means of gathering information. Booth has well exceeded that number by now and is adding to them still. In camp and later in France they took up every moment of his spare time. Thanks to this method he can paint his best outdoor picture in his studio, sorting and composing, organizing color and composition, plane and place to his satisfaction. Cameron Booth stayed on in Paris for a time after the Armistice.
Once back in the U. the living problem raised itself. After subsisting hazardously on the Atlantic coast on an average of $6 a month, he painted signs in Youngstown before landing a teaching job with the Minneapolis School of Art in 1921. In 1923 two things happened. He married and he spent a year local WPA fine arts projects, one is often tempted to ask: How VOICE OF BROADWAY much of all this was thought up, how much of it was inborn in the people and in the place? It takes a man like Cameron Soldier's Letter By Dorothy Kilgallen A Salute to Mothers of Our Fighting Men To the Editor: Much has been written in praise of the men in our armed forces and that is very proper; for surely there are few Americans who do not thrill with pride when they read about the President pinning a badge of honor on the breast of a hero.
Little has been said about the mothers of these brave men, who gave them life and being. Perhaps the reason may be found in the difficulty of summoning words to properly describe the unselfish love of offspring that dwells deep in almost every mother's heart. What mere man can understand the apprehension that must overwhelm these women as they see their sons join. that great cavalcade of youth, going forth to deeds of high emprise? It is hoped that the names of these mothers be inscribed on a vast celestial scroll, and before each name there be a shining emerald star of purest ray serene. A salute and accolade to the mothers of our fighting men, upon whose capable shoulders rest the destiny of this nation and the hope of a troubled world ARCHIE McDOUGALL, Grand Rapids, Minn.
Booth to make you realize that the moment did have integrity and roots. For Booth was doing it long before Thomas Craven dreamed of the American Scene and doing it for the people at pEAR Miss Every time this season rolls around I'm reminded that the column has another anniversary; and each anniversary of Th home those true "regionals" w-ho never think of themselves as such and who would never buy art if they knew that to another section of the country it soberest nation on earth, which, seemed characteristic or Perhaps the healthiest thing probably, was why it enjoyed such remarkable prosperity during that period. The corrupt, non-enforcing public officials, their political associates and the liquor interests generally leagued Voice brings back a nice collection of memories. This make it five years since you left the city side to wander off into the Broadway realm. Five of ttm best years Broadway has known and five years certainly are worth a bit of a review.
Two Real Guys When you started writing the column there were two givi around town who were w'1 about him is the fact that he is as honored in his own land as he is little known here. He has painted this land (as the Hudson River School once did their sec themselves together, repealed prohibition, gave us female bartenders and freely admitted the riff-raff into the booze joints tion) because he knew and loved it, not out of any band-wagon urge. The current show at the Kilgallen known because their dad happened to be Presi Mortimer Brandt Galleries (his first in New York) brings back a The Brighter Side By Damon Runyon freshness and naturalness to dent of the United States. This fact assured them good tables at any night club in town, and plenty of attention. But today they'd command respect and attention if their father was a diteh-d gr American subject matter which a monumental regional propa unyon Recovers--? from Peoria.
Lt. Col. Elliot Roosevelt campn gn ganda had actually made us forget existed. ribnons and decorations stand on their own merit. Corrcction: Minneapolis has never thought Booth "too Booth has never been an exponent of extreme tendencies in painting.
The statement is probably a barbed reference to the Minneapolis School of Art which, in comparison with the St. Paul school, follows more orthodox precepts. ATo longer true. Booth turned down a guest teaching assignment at University of Texas, Austin, in favor of staying longer in New York. He is one of a number of prominent American artists chosen by Coca Cola to paint a scries of magazine ads.
Paul Bunyan Needs Help PAUL ANDERSON, an editor at International Falls, and Mel Johnson and Nils Envall, operating farms near that city, found themselves and their efforts to beat the pulpwood deficit the subject of national acclaim in the January Reader's Digest. Although thousands of cords of timber are being cut by Minnesota farmers a problem of economic importance to Minnesota is in danger of not being met today. Normally Minnesota produces about 200 million board feet of lumber. In 1943 our production of 1S5 million feet was 21 per cent under the 234 million board feet cut in the previous year. Unless more men are found to work cutting wood now Minnesota's production in 1944 may decline even further.
Unless this shortage is made up our war effort will be handicapped through lack of material for munitions and an important local industry will, suffer. January is usually the busiest month in this peak season for harvesting Minnesota timber but It does not look that way today. The timber industry in this state is short 2,500 workers right now. In normal times about 6,000 men are employed in the Minnesota woods but only 3,500 men are now working there. The efforts of the war manpower commission to recruit these needed men now is vitally important in meeting desperate wartime needs of paper required for making bombs, parachutes, insulation, surgical dressings and containers.
Although 216 men were recruited by the United States employment service in Minnesota from Dec 21 to 26 for work in the woods this rate of enlistment in the forest army must be stepped up. Labor shortage and inadequate equipment, particularly trucks and tractors, are principal factors in cutting national lumber production by 10 per cent in 1943. The effect of a drop of 25 per cent In workers nationally and of insufficient equipment is shown in a 31 per cent smaller production by Minnesota's large mills in 1943 compared with" a 15 per cent decline in output by smaller, usually portable, mills. Here is an opportunity for a single individual on the smallest woodlot readily accessible to a mill, as well as the larger operators, in Minnesota to make a vital contribution to victory. Orders From the Ottawa Journal You can believe it or not, but the story is going around that a detail of eight enlisted men was assigned to move the post library at Camp Davis, N.
C. The men carried out the assignment, but left one book. Its title was: "You Can't Take It With You." and it took Axis steel, not blood lines, to get Lt. Franklin D. Roosevelt, USN'.
the Purple Heart he's sporting on his chest. First a Caricaturist HAVE devised a game of gin rummy solitaire to while away the tedium of my illness. It is a trifle imperfect, as yet, but is most interesting. I think it is far better than Canfield. If you are not a gin rummy player you may discard this treatise now.
I find only one drawback to my invention. That is the tempta Cameron Booth was the son of It's been a big five years, complete with aftr hour night clubs, now passed from the scene; a a minister, bis made ior a Jot of moving around Pennsylvania, Ohio, Minnesota, even New York State. He remembers six happy years in Glidden, Iowa, when he World's fair with Albert Johnson's exciting Aui-cade sets; the rise of the decade's most written-about glamour girls, Brenda Frazier on the GALLUP POLL tion to indulge in sharp practices on the imaginary opponent such as throwing a badly beaten hand of my own into the discards and hastily scrambling them and saying, "32," when the real count may be a couple of face cards more. It troubled me for a time to learn I could stoop to such artful dodges but I have finally hit on an expedient that takes the sting out of conscience to some extent. I pretend the other player is some gin opponent I loathe and despise.
For instance one of those smug players who is stuck on his own game and thinks he is unbeatable and who sits puffing a big cigar and saying airily as he goes gin, "that's the name of the WiSikie Trails Dewey in Indiana Runyon Blood side and Lois Andrew as the Broadway entry; run'ins with mobsters remember the hood-lum who scared heck out of your secretary when he waltzed into your office after you ran a lire about too much gambling at a lower Eat Sid political club and remember how he ran like mad when Detective Barney Ruditsky came down to find out whether he really wanted some trouble? Youngsters Fight Battles It's been five years in which the night club owners changed their cry from no business to not enough scotch or space or entertainment available. Those five years have covered the run of With Father" and have seen Phil Baker, one of Broadway's grandest guys, come back from a few bad radio breaks to the top flight of radio comici with his "Take It or Leave It" show. They were a swell five years, Dorothy hop the next 50 are as good. Regards, CPL. CURT WEINBERG, Cornell Universif.
Ithaca, New York- Each voter was given a list of leaders who have been most often discussed' throughout the country as possible nominees in voters were asked to name their choice as of today. The results, based on these who named a Republican, and a comparison with last September, follow: Today September lights Governor Bricker's problem as a candidate. Although he is the governor of Indiana's neighboring state, Ohio, Bricker's 'standing among Hoosier Republicans is comparatively low. The following table shows how the four most popular Republican candidates, Dewey, Willkie, General MacArthur and Bricker, stand today in the East Central section as a whole (Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan) EAST CENTRAL STATES DEWEY 37 BRICKER 21 MacARTHUR 15 WILLKIE 13 By GEORGE GALLUP Director, American Institute of Public Opinion Princeton', N. J.
THAT one of Wendell Willkie's biggest problems as a presidential candidate lies in building strength throughout the Mid-West is emphasized by the fact that he actually runs behind Thomas E. Dewey among Republican voters in his home state of Indiana. Republican sentiment on candidates was sounded in Indiana by interviewers for the Institute who covered a cross-section of the state's large cities, small towns, and rural areas. game," or "big casino," or "move over," or some other smart-alecky crack that is a dagger in my back. Just Pretend Or I pretend the opponent Is the bloke who says, innocent-like, "Is four good?" as he goes down on the second draw when he knows' damn well it is good or he would not be knocking.
Or the one who has you on three blitzes aid keeps saying, "You better get on, Chester," and when you do get oil after a life and death struggle says, "I'm glad, because I didn't want to blitz you anyway," when as a matter of fact he would give a quart of plasma to do that very thing. 'I hold it is no crime to take a slight edge on an opponent of that type, even an imaginary one, and a person should even be rewarded for clipping the kind that undercuts your knock saying, with a superior air, "Why, I've been sitting here for an hour with two." As dawns, says Mrs. Malaprop cheer' fully, we can see the news tightening around Hitler's and To jo's necks. DEWEY 35 30 WILLKIE 22 30 MacARTHUR ..13 13 BRICKER .13 12 TAFT 11 11 STASSEN 4 4 It might help the food situation in Germany if they could eat that Russian nightmare. The vote in Indiana also high.
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