Clarion-Ledger from Jackson, Mississippi on October 10, 1971 · Page 76
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Clarion-Ledger from Jackson, Mississippi · Page 76

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Jackson, Mississippi
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Sunday, October 10, 1971
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Page 76
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Parade Of Homes Continues Today With 3 8 Houses Open Breaking all records or attendance, the 1971 Parade of Homes has proved to be the best yet, with the 38 new homes still on display today. Home Builders Association of Jackson invites everyone to tour the distinctive homes which features each builder's connotation of the ideal home. Every modern convenience, best materials and equipment have been incorporated into the homes' designs by the local builders. Style range from contemporary, Farlv American, French Prov-lacial. and ranch to the flavor of "Merry Ole England." Four tours, Red, Blue, Green and Gold, feature the homes being shown. Each of the homes will be open from 2 p. m. until dusk, and builders will be happy for people to see their presentations. A delightful afternoon can be spent by those who visit on this last day of the parade. The homes have been designated to tours according to their geographic locations. Handy guides to the tours were published in a special Parade of Homes edition in last Sunday's Clariod Ledger Jackson Daily News. The 38 homes featured, their addresses and builders are listed according to groups: RED TOUR (North Jackson) Bailey & Bailey, 4668 Norway Drive; Brewer Construction Company, 4663 Norway Drive; Bill Lawrence, Inc., 4668 Norway Drive; G. T. Himes, 4665 Norway Drive; Day Builders, Inc., 4670 Norway Drive; Thomas M. Harkins, Builder, 4667 Norway Drive; Bob Scroggins, Builder, 4672 Norway Drive; Elton Chalk, Inc., 4669 Norway Drive; Pepper & Williams, Inc. 4674 Norway Drive; W. E. Perry Home Builders, Inc., 4671 Norwy Drive; Charles A. Scott, van.' r -3 S 5 IT A a fan - at"- lif t T J , . V UP AND OVER There are more the age of six. Hazards like this bring ways to get over a fence than going children to the clinic where environ-through a gate. Some, though are not mental experts worry about correct-safe for tiny children four under ing causes as well as treating effects. WAR FOR GOOD HEALTH Environmental Health Center Seeks To Eliminate The Cause Jr., 4676 Norway Drive; Homes by Underwood, 4673 Norway Drive; Le Matheney, Builder, 5159 Watkins Drive. GOLD TOUR (Northeast Jackson) Williamsburg Homes, Inc., 1415 Roxbury Place; E. J. Williams, 4084 Eastwood Drive; Bourne-McGehee, Realtors, 4666 Hazlewood Drive; Scott Builders. Inc., 5420 Runnymede; Kirkland Homes, 143 Yucca Drive; Schppard and Company, 2052 Planation Blvd.; Bourne-McGehee, Realtors, 1160 Wood-fMd Drive; Kimbrough Investment Company, 1240 Woodfield Drive. GREEN TOUR (Southwest Jackson) Crisler Homes, Inc., 5001 Wes- tland Way; Sheppard and Company, 1249 Dardanelle Drive; Virden Homes. Inc., 175 Monaco Court; Lloyd Burton, Inc., 2501 Cresleigh Manor; Douglas McCurley-Newlin Spencer, 3417 Shannon Dale Drive; J. E. Carter and Company, Inc., 620 Stryfield. BLUE TOUR (Rankin County) Roy C. Perdue, Builder, 202 Cloverdale Place; Albert D. Moore, Builder, 3-122 Beaumont Drive; Herrington Homes, 186 Van Dorn Court; Herrington Homes, 190 Van Dora Court; Joe Hammons Builders, Inc., Forty One Stonegate Drive; Homes by Underwood, Thirty-Three Crossgates Drive; White Builders, Fifty Five Crossgates Drive; Bob Scroggins, Builder, Fifty Seven Crossgates Drive; Joe Hammons Builders, Inc., Fifty Nine Crossgates Drive; Thomas M. Harkins, Builder, Sixty One Crossgates Drive; Newlin Spencer, Inc., Fifty Eight Crossgates Drive. Cbc Clatiou'Lcdgcr jackson daily news i Sunday, Oct. ID, 1971 Section G By JEAN CULBERTSON Clarion-Ledger Staff Writer A few people have offered assistance to the environmental health work which the Jackson-Hinds Comprehensive Health Center has begun, described in a story in this paper last week. And one of their own staffers has volunteered to put herself into the environment she hopes to change. A woman of culture, she will live with a poor family, to elevate its standards She will show, not just tell, the mother how to give her children a better life, she promises. '"A mother must make things better for her children," the worker urges. "I must make her see that she must do better for their sakes." Environmental health is the newest phase of the health clinic set up to serve the poor who can't afford medical care. It is funded by an Office of Economic Opportunity grant. The money goes to help the poor a visit to the facilites makes that clear. The administrative offices are located on 830 North Farish. The office space is so jammed and so unprententious that staffers have only enough floor space for a desk and chair. Two people can not pass in the "halls" which are temporary removeable particitions stuck between desks in one big space. If you go there on business, plan to stand there's no place to sit. As for the clinic itself, medical treatment is still dispensed from a crowded, make-shift, donated church school wing. Doctors treat patients by ibe hundreds every weekday at Cade Chapel in the 1000 block of Ridgeway, After treating thousands of the effects of poor living conditions, the staff decided to get to the source, the causes of the illnesses they were seeing. Environmental health, they call it, and it involves everything that affects the human body, from nutrition to rickety stairs, from head lice to houseful of smoke from an unsafe chimney. Eventually, environmental health may correct causes in stead of treating symptoms and effect a more permanent solu tion. It's a big job which needs doing and the more push behind it, the faster and further it can go- SI I i v Ir !Qr ti tSNsH''! u ft A--lf CRAMPED QUARTERS Barely room for the children, much less the flies which have free access to the bedrooms because there are no screens. All the rooms are bedrooms in this two-room shack in rural Hinds County which houses a family of six little children. Environmental health workers from the Jackson-Hinds Comprehensive Health Center have taken this and cases like it, to deal with the source of illness as well as symptoms. sew5kV'- 'xi-vJ ! H .., lS Uv- V 1 a. -- w fs-L. IN HIS FIELD TESTS, Dr .Edgar E. Hartwig of the USD. begins to see the actual results of his cross-pollination efforts. DR. BILL MAN'NJN'G of Stoneville Pedigreed Seed Company (right) is assisted in the demonstration of an actual cross pollination by Wilker Guerry, Executive Secretary of the Mississippi Seed Improvement Association. Basic Research In Cotton, Soybeans IS Done In State Nature's busy pollinator, the bee, is no longer solely relied upon to develop new crop varie ties through cross-pollination. Now both public and private researchers devote countless years to developing new varieties and strains for higher yields and optimum growing and har vesting characteristics. Two men representative of many in their profession are Dr. Edgar E. Hartwig, USDA research agronomist cooper ating with Mississippi's Delta Branch Experiment Station and Dr. Bill Manning, research agronomist of the Stoneville Pedigreed Seed Company. The scientists work principally in soybeans and cotton respectively. Basically both researchers work with the same teclwques, which require at least 10 years to develop a new variety and get it into the hands oi the farmers. Dr. Hartwig's work has been instrumental in changing soy beans from a hay crop to one of the primary cash crops in the South. Winner of the U. S. Department of Agriculture's Distinguished Service Awa.d, Dr. Hartwig says "we have a considerable range of soybean types from which to build." Included in his developing are the variety Lee which he developed and Semmes which is a more specialized variety. ,Dr. Hartwig explained that the researcher must consider the human element in his work. A case in point is the use of Semmes beans. Planted on wet land the plant produces well, but planted on really good land the plant does not produce as well as other varieties He added that he must consider who will be planting such a variety, and through the Extension Service reach the planters whose yield can be imnroved. MORE EXPERIMENTS Other experimentation he is conducting presently includes efforts to produce soybeans with more protein and less oil, and others with more oil and less protein. He feels that continuing research in varying areas will be advantageous to have been started if the need for such a product becomes more apparent. Dr. Hartwig explained that he begins with varieties about' life ?1 SMOOTH VERSUS HAIRY STEMS on varying varieties of soybeans can make a difference. Dr. Hartwig in his tests has revealed that the leaf hopper apparently can do more damage to smooth stemmed plants than hairy stemmed varieties. which he knows and under stands the characteristics and faults to see whether he can obtain favorable traits in a recombination. He added that the more characteristics a researcher attempts to combine info one strain the more difficult it becomes. The three basic characteristics Dr. Hartwig says that are sought in all crosses are higher yield, more harveslable form and resistance to diseases. A new variety or strain Is begun with a simple cross pollination from which Dr. Hartwig gets two seeds, "if lucky" he adds. These two seeds are normally planted in the green house the first winter, and from these two plants 500-600 seeds are harvested from each. The second generation is grown in the field by Dr. Hartwig, with 1,000 to 3,000 plants, each thrashed individually. From each plant that shows the proper characteristics, 10 seeds are then planted in the third generation, and after hey emerge the seeds are subjected to Phytophthora rot, for example, and classed as uniformily resistant or susceptible. CHECK RESISTANCE All susceptible plants are discarded, but of those which show resistance 60-75 seeds are planted in 9 foot rows by D Hartwig, and observed in ths field for further selection. This is the fourth generation. Dr. Hartwig explained that since soybeans are self-pollinatlng that he must at this stage get the new strain geneti-1 caW uniform. He said then can see reactions to disease, seed holding, plant types, etc., and putting together all those items which are good, he can then go into yield evaluation. Dr. Hartwig reaches the sixt'i generation before yield evaluations begin and only if basic desirable characteristics have been shown. In the seventh generation the new strain is tried at six or seven various locations to see results under varying conditions, and in the eighth, 30-35 locations are tested. If, after the eighth generation proves desirable, two to three additional years are needed to get enough seed stock built up. Dr. Hartwig turns over his seed to the foundation seed manager of the Mississippi Agricultural Experiment Station, and the manager's job is to increase and distribute the seed to certified seed growers. But still Dr. Hartwig follows closely the fruit of his efforts. Keeping close watch on the further development of the seed, he is responsible for the maintenance of the pure strain (breeders seed). Stoneville Pedigreed Seed Company's Dr. Manning discusses his research role in cotton in terms of goals. CONSIDER GOAL Using the same basic techniques of cross-pollination, Dr. Manning says he must consider his basic goals developing a variety suitable to the area and acceptable to the trade, both grower and spinner. In his field phase of research three of the basic combpnatk-ns for which he looks are diseasa resistance, lodging characteristics and storm resistance, all of which influence yield. But -in-like most crops, Dr. Manning says in cotton there are more characteristics with which a breeder must be concerned namely seed, lint and linters. He added that lint must not only be judged in the field for yield and quality, but also in the laboratory. After deciding what characteristics are needed by his market, Dr. Manning works with breeding materials from genetics gardens, other species and varieties of cotton now on the market for his selection material. His basic aim in making crosses is to obtain what he calls genetic diversity, or as he puts it "you need variation without which there would be little if any opportunity to develop something better." Dr. Manning, as Dr. Hartwig, points out that "the more unrelated the potential material with which a breeder begins his program the longer it takes to put it together in good combination." "Once a variety has been developed," Dr.. Manning 'said, "the seed supply is then increased. However, the responsibility of the originator loes not stop here. He must continue to improve and maintain the variety for after establishing a variety, it is very necessary that the farmer is assured of getting the same high quality of performance from one year to the next." YIELD HARD TO TEST Dr. Manning explained that yield is difficult to test,, and often varies considerably by year and area. He pointed out that "since we are in a rain grown area the climate, soil an dfarming practices vary a good bit, eso any new variety of cotton must be able to survive and prosper in a changeable environment." He said it is difficult for many farmers to maintain seed in a reasonably pure state, particularly because of mechanical mixture from modern farm machinery. Dr. Manning pointed out that companies such as his spend a lot of time making sure See BASIC, Page 5G ft $LJbk p X ' ' , . .kil?. o ' ill 1 t " Az MimA IA iii niiniiiiM.Oir " n'"" i'ii , T)r-n, tmmim-m t ,,i ' ff .mX M iuti $iMft 4 I ' ' 'ft I 1 1 I 'vi It 1 1 - J 4 It I 1 1 WiwWii , II I Hi U-M: I I . FOOD SUPPLY This is the food storage area for a family of six children. WHERE TO START An environmental health worker looks over the sit- And the food supply, too, for that matter. Environmental health specialists nation and wonders where to begin to provide a wholesome environment for from Jackson-Hinds Comprehensive Health Center have taken the case, heriJ" , , , iU .. . . .. , have no water supply except that which collects off the rotten roof into a but it will be a long slow process to get the living quarters sanitary and mty) abandoned deep freeze The youngest child, a five-months-old girl, the family re-educated. suffers from dysentery. She was brought to the Jackson-Hinds Comprehensive Health Clinic which sent sanitarians out to check the source. WATER SUPPLY When it rains, a little water drains off from the roof into the piece of tin and on down into the rusty deepfreeze converted into a cistern. That's the water supply for a family of six children the youngest a five-month-old baby with dysentery.

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