?\0 Daily Times Herald Vol. 81—No. 279 Carroll, Iowa, Wednesday, November 29, 1950 —Eight Pages Delivered by carrier Boy to the Horn* Each Evening to* 28 OenW Pit Wefh Red Scythe Cuts to Rear of U. N. Lines in Korea Two U. S. Divisions Escape, Trap Threatens Big Allied Force X Cost Of Living Index Reaches All-Time High Workers With Special Wage Contracts To Receive Increases WASHINGTON, D. C. (/P) — The government's cost of living index today rose to a new all-time high. Nearly a million workers whose wage contracts are tied to the ri.se and falLof the index will receive a pay hike of two to three cents an hour. , The new index, covering - price." a.s of Oct. 15, was 171.8 per cent of the 1935-1939 base period, an increase of 0.6 per cent since Sept. 15. It was 0.2 per cent higher than the previous peak of 17-1.5 in August and September, 1948. General Motors corp., first of the major auto manufacturers to adopt the cost of living formula for its workers, announced Immediately 357,000 hourly-rated worker* will receive an additional three cent* an hour. The boost will IK- effective with the first pay period beginning after Dec. I. Approximately 80,000 GM salaried workers will receive an ad ditional $15 aa their allowance for the period between Dec. 1 and next March 1, to be paid at the close of the quarter next March. General Motors is granting its workers the maximum allowance based on the rise in the cost of living between July 15 and Oct 15, having agreed with the CIO Auto Workers union to incorporate a new rental adjustment ;td vocated by the Bureau of Labor statistics in .compiling the index. The case may be different for other workers whose contracts also contain the coat of living formula. In the event their employers do not agree to the rental allow ance—amounting to 1.3 per cent- age points in the index—they will receive only two cents an hour increase. That wauld be based on the actual rise in the index between July 15 and Oct. 15. The figure on July 15 was 172.5 per cent of the 1935-1939 period. BLS reported that the main groups of commodities going into the family budget of moderate in- Come families were higher on the average during October. The largest increases were reported for house furnishings, which rose 2,3 per cent and apparel which rose 1.5 per cent. The increase of 0.2 per cent in food prices was restrained, the BLS said, by a seasonal decline in the average prices of meats. No, Thank You, We Don't Need RFC Cash Now WASHINGTON, D. C. (/Pi —The Oklahoma Turnpike authority let the Reconstruction Finance corporation know today that it holds no grudge because it failed to get an RFC loan. . The authority was set up to build an Oklahoma City-to- Tulsa road. It tried, for months to borrow more than $30,000,000 from RFC at four per cent interest. Falling in that, it got the money from private sources at 3.6 per cent. Today Elmer Harbor, chairman of the multi-billion dollar federal lending agency and an Oklahoman himself, gol this telegram from the turnpike authority: "Do you need any money? We have plenty. Cordially yours." McCains Are Moving To Jefferson Today Mr. and Mrs. O. H. McCain are moving thi3 afternoon from Carroll to Jefferson. They will live in their new home which is nearing completion at 610 South Locust street. The McCains ,resided in Jefferson before coming to Carroll six and one-half years ago. The duplex at 616 North Court street which they are vacating will be occupied by Mr. and Mrs. Robert Andrews. The Weather CARROLL FORECAST Partly cloudy and warmer this afternoon, tonight and Thursday forenoon. Cooler Thursday afternoon and night. 'High today 40-45; low tonight near 20. High Thursday 38-40. IOWA FORECAST Increasing cloudiness this afternoon with high 3S to 45. Cloudy and somewhat warmer tonight and Thursday. Low tonight 18 to 24. High Thursday 34 northeast, 38 to 45 south and west. Further Outlook: Cloudy Friday with rain south and enow north portion. Turning colder by'Friday night in entire state. Shipper*: North half 18, south 25. - ; f The Weather In Carroll Yesterday's high ~.. At 7 a. m. today,. At 10:30 a. m. today . . 37 . 14 . 32 Weather A Year Ago Skies continued clear a year ago 'today. Low temperature was 2u end high, 47, 'Messiah 7 to Be Presented Here Dec. 17 Under auspices of the Carroll Junior Chamber of Corrfmerce, the Choraliers of Omaha will sing Handel's "Messiah" here Sunday, Dec. 17. The 34-voice choir from Dr. Noel J. Logan's School of Music will present the famous oratorio at 8:15 p. m., In the high school auditorium. Tickets are on sale now by all members of the Jayce* organization, Thriftway store, Ellerbroek's, Kelly's Shoe '"Store; - Coa*t-to-Ooa*t »tore, and Steak House. One thousand tickets are available at $1.20 each. No seats are being reserved. Tickets also will be sold at Manning, Glidden. Breda and Coon Rapids. Ticket chairmen are to be appointed in those towns. Proceeds of the programs will go into the Jaycee treasury and any profit realized will be used for local youth work, Dr. J. M. Phelan, Jaycee president, said. Recorder, 80, May Be Oldest Iowa Official DBS MOINES, IA. (/P)—County Recorder A.' S. Dukes of Centerville told the secretary of state's office today he believes he is the oldest county official in the state. He's 80. He related also that the day after his recent reelection he and Mrs. Dukes celebrated their 57th wedding anniversary. MANSLAUGHTER CHARGE COUNCIL BLUFFS, IA. (JP)~ Thomas Parham, 46, of Carson, la., charged with manslaughter in connection with a fatal automobile accident here Thanksgiving night, waived to the grand jury Tuesday. He Is under $2,500 bond. Adam Blake Dunlap, 65, a Carson farm hand, who was riding in Parham's car, was killed in a car- truck collision. FORFEIT BONDS COUNCIL BLUFFS. IA. (IP)— Two men arrested in separate gambling raids) here Monday night forfeited $100) bonds each when they failed to appear in Municipal court Tuesday. H. H. Slade, 58, was charged wjth being keeper of a disorderly chouse, and Keith Pierce, 35, bartender, was charged with illegal possession of gambling equipment. Only One Voter Mandate-to Do Better Job: Hill Assuming Them Dangerous, F.B. President Warns in Talk DES MOINES, IA. (/I')— Assuming "mandates" from election returns is dangerous, Howard Hill, president of the Iowa Farm bureau, said today. In his address to the state Farm bureau convention, Hill said: "This election was not a mandate for the return of isolationism or reactionaryism any more than the primary last spring was a mandate from any particular party for any particular farm program." (In the June primary in Iowa, A. J. Loveland who had campaigned in support of the Brannan farm plan was chosen as democratic nominee for the U. S. senate. He was defeated in the general election by the G.O.P. incumbent, B. B. Hickenlooper.) "I believe," Hill continued, "that the, only mandate that the citizens of America give any time in any election is a warning to do a better job of making democracy work and assuming our position of leadership for the good of all mankind." Hill also told the convention he is "amazed at the number of people who are willing to copy the experiments of Russia, Germany, Italy, France and England when not one of these governments has been as successful a.s ours." Hill said some people have been misled into believing that communism is a guarantee of equality. He listed "three fundamental errors" of communism as follows: "They believe there is no God, they place the state over the Individual, and they believe in materialism over spiritualism." He said Farm bureau members are dedicated to the opposition of communism which he called a "mental disease" that fastens itself on the minds of people in all walks of life, but particularly on those without hope." Last night Democratic Senator- elect Mike Monroney of Oklahoma told' Farm bureau members that "there is no such thing as a pushbutton war." "We have been shocked out of the belief that air power will let us sit back and knock out the enemy by remote control," he asserted. He said we also have learned from the war "first hand the secret of Russian war tacticV' and that "Russia has proven that she is not stopping, that she Is willing to use force as well as infiltration and intrigue to dominate the world." 'Died 7 13 Days Ago; Just Finds Out About It OAKLAND, CALIF. (/P) — Burdett Gary, 51, learned only today that he "died" 13 days ago. Dr. C. C. Cutting said he was operating to remove a neck tumor when Gary's heart stopped. He loosened Gary's heart from the chest cavity and massaged it until it started beating again. "This is sure news to me," Gary said. "The whole operation seemed just like a pleasant sleep." Prizes for Floats in Yule Parade Dec. 2 The Carroll high school band will lead nine floats in the Christmas parade at 2 o'clock Saturday afternoon, Bob Matt, parade chairman, announced today. In addition, local car dealers will provide transportation in the parade for the "Little Miss Merry Christmas" candidates. Three prizes for floats will be awarded by the Chamber of Commerce. First prize, will be $25; second, $15, and third, $10. Floats being constructed by Carroll high school students will be sponsored by the Carroll Bakery, Ellerbroek's ladies ready-to- wear, Matt Furniture company, Fareway store, Carroll Kaiser-Frazer Motor Sales and Kelly's Shoe store. E. A. Kliewer, Herman Boardman and Paul Mahan are constructing the Santa Claus float which will carry Santa Claus, "Little Miss Merry Christmas" and her two attendants. Nu Phi Mu sorority also will sponsor a float, and the Junior Chamber of Commerce will have its car, "Old Faithful," in the parade. Seven Daughters, Then a Son Arrives OXFORD, I A. i/P) — The seven daughters of Mr. and Mrs. Carl Eckrlch, who live near Oxford, won't have to ask Santa for a brother this Christmas. The Eck- richs became parents of a son, Jerome Edward, last Sunday. IOWAN PRESUMED KILLED HONOLULU, T. H. (/Pi— Frank Zitkovitch, husband of Mrs. Dorothy E. Zitkovitch, Burlington, la., was one of five men presumed killed In a navy patrol bomber crash off Oahu Island Monday, the navy announced Tuesday^ Gillette Fears Combines to Get Control of Food Markets WASHINGTON, D. C. (JV) — Senator Gillette (D-Ia) says there is a danger of "gigantic aggregations of corporate power" gaining "absolute control" of the market for food. "The Big Threes, the Big Fours and Big Fives in soap, baking, dairy products and so on, seem to have reached such dominant positions in their industry as to allow them to set prices without too much regard to competition," he said. Gillette' told a reporter: "Unless was have hard-hitting prosecution under existing: antitrust laws and unless present loopholes in those laws are plugged, the trend toward gigantic aggre gations of corporate power will surely lead to absoluto control by thom of the market for food and, thus, control of the prices consumers have to pay for foods." Tho Iowa senator said there wore farm leaders today who "have reached tho point of opposing further subsidies or price supports on perishable food products." "These loaders," ho added, "hope to reach some sort of equilibrium in tho d*mand-prlce-supply relationship that will assure a fair price to the producer, a fair profit to the processor and a fair cost to the ultimate consumer. This is he basic thought and goal of the much-maligned 'Brannan plan.'" Scholarship Is Awarded to Glen Schmidt AMES, IA. —Glen H. Schmidt, son of Mrs. Mamie Schmidt, Man-, ning, has been awarded the first scholarship from the recently-established Paul P. Stewart Memorial Scholarship fund at Iowa State college. Announcement of the award of $800 was made today by Dr. Floyd Andre, dean and director of agriculture. Glen was raised on the farm of his grandparents, Mr. and Mrs. William Opperman, who kept a herd of grade dairy cows. He attended Manning high school where he was a member of the FFA chapter, played in the band and. took part in the senior class play. He was also a 4-H club member. From his junior projects he saved enough to start his studies at Iowa State. Although he works at the college dairy farm, Glen has found time to participate in many campus activities. He is president of the Dairy Husbandry club, vice-president of the Wesley foundation, men's activity chairman for the Campus 4-H club, and a member of the Rural Young People's club and the Block and Bridle club. Meanwhile, he has maintained a high scholastic average of 2 .78 (1.0 Is perfect) as he enters his junior year of study In dairy husbandry. During the summer of 1949 he gained experience for the dairy farming career he hopes to follow by working at the Curtiss Candy company dairy farm in Illinois. Last year he was employed by the Dunwalk dairy farm in Now Jersey. Glen has a brother, Harold, who is a graduate of Iowa State and is now with the Soil Conservation service In Jefferson. His sister, Ruth, Is a high school student and president of tho Manning Cadets 4 -H club. The scholarship fund was established last year at Iowa State in memory of an Iowa farmer who started from scratch and built 6ne of the finest Holstein herds in the nation. at his farm near Maynard. Seek To Record Conscience Of World's People In U.N. Showdown on U.S. Charges of Chinese Aggression LAKE SUCCESS, N. Y. (/Pi~ The United Nations wants the U. N security council to put on record the "conscience of the people of the world" in a showdown today on American charges of Chinese communist aggression in i Korea. ' Making »uch a record is • about all a majority of the council can hope to accomplish i in view of the expressed attl- ! tudes of the Soviet and Chinese Red representatives. The | Chinese communists made it plain they had no Intention of j withdrawing from Korea. ! Chief U. S. Delegate Warren R. j Austin, in his speech before the council yesterday, foresaw a probable Soviet veto of a six-power resolution demanding that the Red soldiers of Mao Tze-tung get out of Korea. Despite the prospect of such a negative result, Austin emphasized the need for speedy council action at a time when U. N. forces are being pushed back by heavy Chinese attacks on the blazing Korean I warfront. | A Soviet veto would clear the ! way for general assembly consid- j eration of the grave Korean prob- j Stock Market- In a New Decline NEW YORK CITY,' N. T. t*) —A war-jittery stock market dropped sharply again today. Leading issues lost as much as $3 a share or so before buyers could be tempted into the market on any scale. Trading hit a fast pace with blocks of 1,000 or more shares peppering the ticker tape. lem. The veto does not apply in that 60-nation body, which recently armed itself with broad powers to discover and combat aggression when the security council is paralyzed. Austin first suggested that the council meet through the night in an effort to reach a vote. He did not press the point and, the council adjourned until 2 p. m. (CST) today. Informing the council that he had been told Russia' would vote against the six-power resolution, Austin said: "If so, we understand that means a veto of the resolution. But, nevertheless, it represents the conscience of the people of the world." Then he asked the Chinese communist representative, Wu Hsui- chuan, whether the Peiping regime recognizes "the conscience of the people of the world as something that it ought to give weight to." Wu, seated a few places away from Austin at the horseshoe- shaped table, answered American charges that the Chinese commu- U. N. See Page 2 200,000 Chinese With Tanks Pour Through Gap One Column Near North Korean Capital, Allies Fight Desperately By The Associated Press SEOUL, KOREA—Two American divisions escaped south across the icy Chongchon river in northwest Korea today. But Chinese Reds swarming through a wide gap threatened to trap a big Allied force. The Chinese offensive mass of more than 200,000 men was reported using tanks for the first time. A spokesman at advanced U. S. Eighth army headquarters said one Communist column had cut within 30 miles of the former Red Korean capital of Pyongyang. He said the Red force was near Sinchang northeast of the old capital but did not disclose its size. At least three other Red Chinese columns were reported rolling down through the Tokchon gap in wide sweeps against the Allies' exposed right flank. This was where communist attacks earlier had crumpled three south Korean divisions, Another Chinese force was reported attacking for the tirst time on the extreme left flank, but the spokesman did not give the location. A Chinese breakthrough in force to the Yellow sea would seal off large elements of the 110,000-maa force fighting for its life in the northwest. The Chinese Red attack was mounted by 200,000 or more the Allies "end-the-war" offensive, launched Friday, "probably saved our forces from a trap which might well have destroyed them." He said that if the Allies had waited, the Chinese Reds might have had 400,000 troops to throw against the Eighth army. The retreat across the Chong chon at Kunu was made under massive Red attacks. Dr. McCarl of Sac City Is Dead SAC CITY, IA. UP) — Dr. Jay McCarl, 70, one of Sac county's oldest practicing physicians until three months ago, died at his home here Tuesday. Born in Illinois, he had practiced medicine in Oklahoma and Nebraska before coming to Sac City 31 years ago. $500, 30 Days for Collection of 114 Parking Tickets SAN FRANCISCO, CALIF. </P)—William L. Goodwin, roal estate operator was quite a collector: 114 assorted parking tickets in eight months. And, police said, Goodwin successfully had evaded 60 warrants for his arrest, until last week, that is. ' Yesterday, Municipal Judge Edward F. O'Day officially recognized Goodwin's super- collecting record with this citation: "?500 fine . . . and 30 days in jail." AP Correspondent Tom Lam- troops with more pouring in; Dertp with tne Eighth army, re- ateadily from Manchuria. | ported at 6:43 p. m. C3.-43 a. m., The spokesman said six Chi- |C STt that the river-crossing nese armies now have been iden-; withdrawal in the eastern sector tified in Korea. Elements of one Chinese army known to have been in central China a week ago, he said, were attacking the Eighth army's northern front. The first observed Chinese Red tanks were reported across the Chongchon, rumbling from the west on Kunu, eastern anchor of the shrunken Allied line. Kunu was the escape gate through which U. S. 25th and Acheson Speaks Tonight on Crisis WASHINGTON, D. C. (IP)— Secretary of State Acheson will speak to the nation at 8 p.m. tonight (CST) on the crisis in Korea. .. The State department an- Second division troops poured nounced ^ secretary's 30- after crossing the « lon &f on -1 minute address wiU be broadcast The Reds were attacking from three sides. Kunu 's fate was in doubt. The U. S. 24th division last was reported in the Pakchon area north of the Chongchon, guarding an escape route .over the Anju river bridge on the far west or left side of the Allied line. But the Eighth army spokesman said no enemy contact was made Wednesday in the 24th division sector. This seemed to indicate that the "large enemy forces" reported hitting the extreme left flank might already be across the Chongchon somewhere near the Yellow sea. The spokesman described the situation along the Chongchon line as "extremely fluid" and "very obscure." He said the Allies were trying to stabilize their lines against a concerted enemy attack. Allied warp lanes, grounded Wednesday morning by bad weather, roared over the front throughout the afternoon in close support'of desperate ground troops. But a heavy smoke haze over the eastern flank hampered air activity. The spokesman said the Chinese may have set fires to conceal their movements. Roads leading south from the shrunken front were jammed with refugees. Allied convoys rolled down clogged highways. Trucks, jeeps and heavy weapons inched along bumper to bumper. Lt. Qfin. VTalton H. Walker, Eighth army commander, said • • • • • • * • by the Mutual, ABC and CBS networks. Acheson will speak from his office in the state department was all but complete. But a south Korean diivsion to the west was still north of the river at latest reports, along with the U. S. 24th. Death Summons Mrs. Worthington Mrs. E. A. Worthington, 83, mother of C. A, Worthington, died of a heart attack this morning at St. Anthony hospital, where she was taken last night She had been making her home with Mrs. J. N. Traner, 608 North East street. Funeral arrangements await the arrival today of her son, Chet G. Worthington, of Minneapolis, formerly of Carroll. The body is at the Huffman Funeral home. Mrs. Worthington, whose home originally was at Cumberland, had lived in Carroll seven years. Her husband is buried at Cumberland. Besides her sons, C. A. and Chet G., she leaves four grandchildren and four great-grandchildren. PNEUMONIA PATIENT Rayoma Truhe, seven-year-old daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Raymond Truhe of Coon Rapids, is receiving treatment for pneumonia at St. Anthony hospital where she has been a patient since Sunday noon. She will probably be released in a few days. Settlement On Political Lines' Hope of Britain Key to War Crisis in Korea, Bevin Tells House of Commons LONDON, ENGLAND (£»)— Foreign Secretary Ernest Bevin said today Britain still hopes a settlement on "political lines" will end the threat of a third World war over Korea. "If the Chinese want to avoid general war and if they show the slightest signs of willingness to cooperate in exploring a solution by peaceful means," the foreign secretary said, "I am satisfied a solution can be found." Bevin told the house of eoija- mons at the beginning of a two- day debate on foreign affairs that the recent surge of Red Chinese forces into the Korean fighting "has not altered my opinion one bit." "It is on political lines that;;; In the end we must seek thi§ solution," he declared. "I have been in touch with the U. S. government in the last 24 hours and the U. S. government has reaffirmed that their purpose in Korea remains the same as Otic own: Namely to resist aggression, to localize hostilities and to settle the Korean problem on a bists satisfactory to the United Nations." ; Bevin said he did not pretend to know the communist Chir/ese motive in Korea—whether to safeguard their own interests or from some "imaginary fear," or for purposes "of a grand strategy for a bigger purpose." "Is there a Russian-Chinese conspiracy on a world-wide scale? he asked. Red Offensive Confronts U.S. With Grave Decisions By John M. Hightower WASHINGTON, D. C. (JP)~The Chinese communist offensive in Korea has confronted the United States with the gravest decisions since the start of World war ll, administration officials said .today. The government's present intention, they said, is to deal with the situation in the United Nations and through intensive consultation with Britain, France and other U. N.-momber allies in the struggle against spreading Red power In Asia. These consultations are already Under way. Some authorities said they may involve proposals for the use of political and economic sanctions against communist China by the U. N. Sanctions could mean cutting off all trade with China by noncommunist countries and curtailing or'withdrawing diplomatic recognition accorded the Peiping regime by some countries. , Diplomats reported President Truman, Secretary of State Acheson and other government leaders are determined on full consultations with Allied nations to avoid a split in the U.N. anticommunist coalition which might result if the U. S. acted alone. The National Security council, with Mr, Truman presiding, talked Decisions. . . . .. See Page 2 Truman Names Riley to Replace Switzer as Judge WASHINGTON, D. C. (&)— President Truman today nominated William F. Riley to be U. S. district judge for southern Iowa. Riley would succeed Charles A. Dewey, retired. Riley was recommended by Sen-." ator Gillette (D-Ia), who 18 months ago suggested President Truman give the judgeship to either Riley or Ed Halbach of Clinton, la. ^. rSm , Instead, Mr. Truman nominated Carroll O. Switzer of £ Des Moines, who was the win.''* successful democratic nominee for governor of Iowa In 194*. The senate adjourned in 194» without taking action on the Switzer nomination. Mr. Truman** sent it to the senate again last" January and it was overwhelmlngr„ ly rejected by the senate last August. Switzer has been serving on Jhe bench without pay since the senate rejected him. There were reports last week that Switzer probably would resign and would be* nominated for some other federal position. These reports circulated after Gillette was visited by Jake More of Harlan, Iowa democratic chairman. Gillette expressed pleasure pri hearing the president's nomination of Riley. The senator said -he is confident Riley will be confirmed by the senate. "He will make a superb district judge. His high character, legal attainments and long experiencq, are a guarantee of this type of service" Gillette said in a statement. The good that is is better thou the good that was. It's good right now to get shopping dona.
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