The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on September 25, 1939 · Page 8
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 8

Blytheville, Arkansas
Issue Date:
Monday, September 25, 1939
Page 8
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PAGR EIGHT (ARK.)' COURIER NEWS IB 5f SELVES Declares Little Left Of 'International Law' Duving War Times 11V CHARLES X mMim Pivm'ous Historian (Written fur NE.V Service) NEW YORK, Se|)I, 23.--Among lli<? .slick rjlir.iscs of (lie day is "international law." The oilier day, President Roosevelt, in discussing repeal of the .embargo on sale of.munitions, declared that Ills' objective is "a return to the principles of international law." Now what does this wean? It is a veritable jumble of claims, assertions, treaties, pledges, and liot contentions. If it were definite, governments would not have to write endless notes about its meaning. International law is not law in tile sense in - which vrc use the term 'law" in our domestic affairs. Imenmtknnl law is not written' down In any law boots and no world court has the'power to enforce it. The powerful nations of the earth ore not agreed as to what I it provides. Many cf them break j their own interpretations of this] law and their pledges under it. Where do we Una this so-called international law? In big books written by specialists, in treaties made fay governments, in the judicial decisions ol various courts on specific pcinls, in Hip thousands of notes which Governments i have written to one another during a period of two or three hundred years, and in I lie records of acts done to one nncther by governments in peace and war. LITTLE TO HANK ON IN INTERNATIONAL CODE III this .nimble of theories and practices only n few things are certain. For example, belligerents do not hill and eat their prisoners of-war any longer. When a war brooks out, a belligerent does not short the ambassador of the enemy but provides sate conduct for him on his ; way back home. These are among the things regarded as well "fettled" under international law. On the eve of the last world war. many rules for. Hie conduct of international relations were regarded as .well esiablislied anil the United States operated on the theory that they would be obeyed by all belligerents, s Among those rules were the fol-. .lowing "principles" which have vital meaning today; !. A belligerent may lawfully blockade the ports of an enemy and stop all ships bound to or from those ports. To be lawful a blockade had to be "effective"—'that Is, enforced by belligerent warships stationed near the ports ol the enemy blockaded. 'The ships o{ neutrals that tried to. rim the blockndo and were caught could be seized without violating tiny neutral rights. 2. Neutral ships cany lug war goods (contraband) to any lielllg- cient could be seized without vlo-, lallng any neutral rights, 3. Neutral merchant ships carrying only (-cods of peace (non- conlraband) could be .searched but' (hey could not be seized, or attacked by any belligerent on the high seas unless they resisted. 4. No merchant ships of neutrals or brlHeeif-nts could be sunk for any reason without warning and without providing for the safety of crews and passengers. LAW IION'ORlvl) UNTIL WAR COMIIS neutrals had lo follow ••RESIDENT TO MA KB ALI, VITAL DIVISION'S? Now. President Roosevelt talks lightly about a return to Interna- th hfsi? were amcint; the ts which (lie tjsvornmiml or United Stales lnul often assert' tional law. What law? rules cd uijdi'r international law. Mast, other governments hnd recognize:! (hum as binding. But lifter tho last world war broke out. ilie wnrrlnu (lowers on boll) skies violated imm of !onsr iiccnpU'rl rules of 1»- irrimlioiiitl law. Owinj; to the submarine menace Great Britain cculd not, mnhc her blockade of Gorman ports "cffec- ilve' 'by slnllonliig wra'ships In nenrliy writers. So Groat, lirltnln declared n paper blockade, planted mines in the waters near the German porls, nnd seized neutral ships xmiul lo German ports. Claiming tvml conditions liad changed, Great Mritnln increased the list of war foods (contraband) K'hlch could be seized on the way to Germany, until it included wheat, c:rn and nearly every important article of commerce. Great Britain blocked American commerce with our neutral countries lo prevent goods from reaching Ucrmany Indirectly and iiractlciilly destroyed all American commerce with Oormnny, even in the goods ot peace. On her part, Cicrmany resorted to' measure. 1 ; equally contrary to old rules of international Inw. German submarines sunk the merchant ships of Ihe enemy and of neutrals, without- warning nnd without making any provisions for saving the lives of crews and passengers. Germany sent spies nnd wreckers into American factories to stir up trouble and destroy lives nnd property. WOUU) TK.MJfi ON RATION BASIS Against tliese violations of In- tlial were supposed (o be Rood before war broke out In 1914? The rules which the United States tried lo uphold before It entered the war? Whcse rules? British rules followed (luring the war? German rules? The rules followed by the United States after It entered the war? And who Is lo decide these vital <|iifsllons? Are the President and the State Department (o decide them as they please and to determine which rules arc to bo applied to Cicrmany or the opposing belligerents? Or should Congress take a IiancI in deciding these matters? Unless f>yerytl)]|) K ' under the fog of IntematlcMHl law Is Lo be turned aver to the President, then Congress tuxl the American people should have a .say. On tills liolm our fate will turn in prace HOLD EVERYTHING - By Clyde Lewis Indian Mound Yields Rare Copper Ornaments ALLIANCE. O. (UP) —Rare cloths and topper ornaments have linen uncovered in the grave ot a prehistoric Indian prince—buried in the ancient North Demon niouml near here. Two Alliance letter carriers started the excavation In their spare time. Far more rare than Indian arrowheads or (,:maha\vks were discoveries of finely worked cornier, I smoothed and shaped as it made in n modern press. The rarest discoveries were articles of t'lcthtng found under the couper pieces and protected by them from the decomposition of ninny centuries. The North nenfccii location is one of many "mounds" which tlot Ohio. They iormcd the burial grounds [or a people which preceded the later war-waging Indians which the early settlers found on this continent. ternallonal Taw, the protested vigorously United Slates to both belligerents. Finally President Wilson declared Hint German violation of American rights under the law was unendurable and asked Congress for (he power lo make war iu return. But after tiic United States entered the war, It nclcrt with the. Allies in clamping an Iron control on the trade cf all neutrals uml through Its iigent.s urged various neutrals lo join in the • war on Germany. Before the war Dad closed the United Stales and its associates hi the war on Germany- and Austria-Hungary had "rationed" the trade of nearly all neutrals throughout the world and laid down hard and fast rules whicn Alloy Shot to Save Ducks From Poisoning MINNEAPOLIS, Minn. (UP> — Wild [lucks now can swallow spent builds they root from Hie mild without dying from lend poisrnlug. Heretofore,' it bus been common knowledge, except among ducks, Hint crelinary lead shot can be fatal, even if It misses lt.s fen Hi - cretl target in flight. It can poison (he bird thai swallows It. But now two Minnesota professors, blokglst. Dr. n. G. Green and Metallurgist Dr. R. L. Dowdcll, reveal they have Invented and pat- ontncrt a magnesium alloy that clucks can swalloiv safely. Africa's ray parrot is probably the mast gifted of all speaking birds, but the Indian mynnli is much more proficient than many parrot species that are famous for (heir human-like speech. 1EETH , PAlMUESa. 1 /2W.1RACIED "I want the won! '|> inilrssh' l.iKui nil 1 nearly sprained my arm on a (Mlitnl Has morning!" • Down Memory Lane Ten Yearn Ago Miller Hugging, manager of the New York Yankees, died today :it St. Vincents hcspitnl in New York, lie was 49 years old. Wynne, Ark.—Governor Pnrnell iu nn address before' the Crowley Ridge fair here today, announced u reduction had been affected in the state mlllngc by .11 or a mill, resulting from collections under the Hit 11 income tax act and the malt tax act. Five, Years \ga Mrs. J. H. Shoemaker will leave Die last of Hie week for Little Rock, where she will make her home. Joining Mr. and Mrs. Chas. T. Kramer anrt daughter, Belly Lou, who urn residing In Pulnshi Heights. Aclilison Smith will be deputy clerk of Hie circuit court, In charge of the Blytlievillc oHicc, and his EXPERT ELECTRIC WIRING BEAUTIFUL LINK OF ELECTRIC FIXTURES Electric Ranges and Water 'Healers WALPOLE'S ELECTRIC SHOP no so. Phone ;',ll .suit coiilestlnff the nomination of Hugh Craig its Democratic- candidate for circuit court clerk will be dismissed. It was announced following a conference here last night in which ci-flis, Smith and their at- tcrneys parlici«alcil. One Year Ago A tola! of 50,6/4 bairn of cotton were ginned in Mississippi county lirior to September 1C. Adolf Hitler told the world tonight that, the annexation of the Smlotonland fs "the lust territorial demand I liavc to make in Europe" but it is a point en which I will not yield." MONDAY, -SEPTEMBER 25, 'COURTS Fifteen cases or public drunkenness came up in Municipal Court, today as Die Jail season for (his charge continued unnbalcd. Ifoors LoW, changed with reckless driving, paid a bond or 527.75 for his apjiciiranco in court. Cases of Olcan Wright and'Fletn- Inf Augustus, charged with driving while under the influence of liquor, were continued, Llndsey Wells, charged with reckless driving, wns fined $25 after lie entered a plea of guilty to a charge of reckless driving but the ftnn an:l costs were suspended. Clianutt! Flrld Expands RANTOUU III. (UP)—A squad of 250 mm K at work on [lie chamite nimy nir field transforming a cluster of (nrpappr covered huls into a modern aviation city, with plans REAL COFFEE — ALWAYS FRESH abandoned to transfer the training school lo Denver, congress appropriated more than $5,<WO,(J<X) to rebuild the air base. heard. The judge asked Die subject. She answered: "The handwriting on tho wall," case dismissed. was Sermon Tlicuglil Oood Alilii COLUMBUS, S. G. (UP)-A young woman, arrested lor driving past a red light, raid she had done so because .she was preoccupied -Kith an excellent sermon she'd just: Rend Ccnrlor News want nds. There are .10 miles of bicycle paths in Chicago. BUY A PKG. TODAY DOES YOUR CAR Shimmy, Wander, Weave WEAR AWAY YOUR TIRES? It's dangerous and expensive tn rlrlvc n-ilh fUcerin? fienr and Front Wheels out of adjustment. Keeping them in RIMM! order in so simple ain! inexpensive you should never injsi lo chances. ADJUST STEERING GEAR COMPLETE STEERING fiF.AH A1UPSTMKNT, in- ff eluding— adjustment J> of all Hall Socket joints — tightening front Spring Clips and Shackles. (Farts Extra). FREE FRONT END INSPECTION (The ubove includes a complete INSPECTION and REPORT on co.iiHtiim of Wheel Alignment and' factors affecting tire wear.) PHILLIPS MOTOR CO. ,g > f j I A .511) Walnut Phone 810 Feet hot; tired, irritated, itchy, perspiring 1 ? Annoying, isn't it? Do this: sprinkle on famous Mexican Heat POWL'CI-, tlieri sit back and "nil" your contentment. It "feels so good" and gives you medicated protection against chafe irritations. Mexican Heat Powder soothes— cools—relieves itching of minor nldn Irritations—hcnt rash. Be sure to nstc for famous Mexican Heat Powder— it's ''mtMlicaled." Bringing comfort lo thousands. Aslt your druggist for Mexican Heat Powder. MmCANHPOWDER lesterfiel RIGHT COMBINATION of the world's best cigarette tobaccos brings out the best features of each /\J1 the fine American and Turkish tobaccos in Chesterfield's famous blend are known for some particular smoking quality... and the way Chesterfield combines these fine tobaccos is why you get a milder, better-tasting smoke with a more pleasing aroma. That is why, when you try them we believe you'll say... 7^%S^w f **^ • •/ tff./ i ff TOT your pleasure... ^le tuafit :THE HOUSE OF MEAD: From corkscrew lapels Hart Schaf frier &Maxx deliver us Pity this poor fellow! He bought -1 chcnp.suit thai LOOKKI) okay when he tried if on. I5ut sec what turned up when he starlet! wearing it! " A lapel with a fried bacon roll like this is always the sipn of a ham suif—and you can't (ell if's going lo go cork-screwy on you until it's (no late. Things like rolj'-poly lapels can't happen in a Hnr^Schaffner & Marx tailored suit. Painstaking: skill goes into the operations necessary to assure lai-'cls that behave as good lapels should all (luring (he life of the suif. If you'd 'like to examine some of these lapels that will lake a month's punishment lying down come in this week and inspect, our new line of Hart Schaflfucr & Marx suils that hiivc arrived! The prices begin at Convenient Budget Service 315 MAIN 315 Copyright \'>y>, ,V Mms TUEIMXO Co. Wert Optometrist "HE MAKES 'EM SEE" Over Joe Isaacs' Store Phone 540 CITZ Everything for your entertainment and comfort. Watch Society P»f« Of Courier News F»r Free Show Gueib • Last Times Today THE PLAY THAT CAPTURED A NATION! A COLUMBIA PICTURE Also r.iramount News & Comedy TUESDAY PAL MATINEE & NIGHT Two Admitted for the Price, of 1 ' .1 rjuwin ( RO3£Sr KtUMD • tDDIE COIW1S A GOMBtU • Com 5u» CCAtlHS Also selected sliorfs Admission Matinee lOc & 2Cc Night IGc ,& 3Su 5 5 $ .5 S- S S. ? Friday, Sept. 29 125 Good Reasons Why You Should A 1.1. e n d Matinee or Night 5 $ S ? S § § $ tff Hallneei Frl.-Sat-Sun. Admission always 10o & 2S Last Times Today J Also Fox News & C'onirdy Tsse. - Wed, - Thur PAL NIGHTS 2 admitted for the price of 1 1AU6H WifH THE IOONC MOAN WITH THE MEUNCHOLr WITH THE JOVOIIS $ JAMES GlEASON LUCELE

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