The Minneapolis Star from Minneapolis, Minnesota on August 19, 1920 · Page 4
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The Minneapolis Star from Minneapolis, Minnesota · Page 4

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MINNESOTA DAILY STAR THURSDAY, AUGUST 19, 1920 EDITORS' AND CONTRIBUTORS' PAGE OF, THE DAILY STAR FOR YOUR VIEWS AND OURS PAGE FOUR Minnesota Daily Star An independent daily newspaper, owned and controlled by twenty thousand stockholders. Established and maintained to defend and cherish the freedom of the press and liberty of public opinion. Yith no interest to serre bid the public good. The oninions cxinrsscri in the editorial columns of the Daily Star are those of invites the expression of opinion of others. It aims to girt (ill sides to important public questions a fair hearing. xouniwKvr pi ri.isiiim; company PlllliIltT HERBERT K. GASTON, THOMAS VAX l.EAR, President und Editor. Vkc Pres. THOMAS V. SlLUVAX, , Secretary. Subscription Rates By mail in first postal zone. $7.00 per year: elsewhere in Minnesota. North and South Dakota. Wisconsin, Iowa and northern Michigan, $7.50 per year; other states, $0.00 per year. By carrier in Minneapolis, 15 cents per week. Street sale prve in Minneapolis and tt. Paul, three cents. Advertising rates on application. Forei.cn advertising representatives: The S. C Beck with Special V coney. New York, Chicago. Detroit, St. Louis, Kansas City and Atlanta. Ga. Application pending for entry as second-class mail matter at tin' jw-t-office at Minneapolis, .Minn. ..C-?"i.. The Star Why, What and How Brought into being: in an unusual way; its appearance awaited with unusual hopes and possibly in some quarters with unnecessary fears the Minnesota Daily Star, more than the ordinary newspaper at its beginning, owes to its readers the duty of explaining its reasons for being, its objects, and the methods it will pursue. The Star has been founded as the. result of the voluntary act of a large number of persons, most of them residents of Ihe state of Minnesota and more than halt of them of the cities of St. Paul and Minneapolis, whose dissatisfaction with existing daily publications had deepened into the conviction that no true and fair representation of public sentiment is possible in newspapers owned, controlled and conducted as are the ordinary American newspapers today. That dissatisfaction and that conviction are widespread in the nation today. This fact has made simple and comparatively easy the promotion of the Daily Star, upon no platform and with no promises but of a conscientious effort to conduct ii newspaper which shall speak honest opinion and which shall handle the news fairlv. As to "'Class" Misrepresentation by the where it touched the interests working classes in the community, the most numerous groups of the real producers of the wealth that all enjoy. This mis representation has been directed those industrial exploiters who take untair advantage of the workers and of the consuming public, who together make their wealth possible. It has been directed also toward maintaining in power the political organizations which guard and protect exploitation and steal from all the people privileges to be con ferred on those who have not Those who are most conscious of these wrongs are those who have suffered the most keenlv from them. And it is from these groups that the Star's Their investment necessarily has been small in individual amount, but many together have achieved what a few could not have done. This character of support imposes upon the Daily Star unusual obligations; the obligation primarily to protect and to serve their interests so far as they can be served by truthful reporting of the news and by vigilant effort to seek out and to assist by publicity in the correction of political, industrial and social abuses. The knowledge of what groups principally were contribut ing toward the creation of the Daily Star has led to the criticism by some that the Star was to be a "political" and a "class" newspaper. Such criticism, more plainly than any statement could, reveals the evils of the sedulous cultivation of an unhealthy public sentiment by existing publications. It shows that many persons are unconscious of the fact that almost without exception the existing lications of an extraordinarily and that all of them are political in their nature and effect Political policy, industrial policy, social policy shape their editorial expression and tinge and corrupt their news columns. If the Star were to be in fact a class publication, it would at least have the surpassing merit that it would represent a class numerically larger, and a class whose interests stand in greater need of protection from nent public good than the numerically small, but financially powerful, class whose interests it is the chief care of the exist ing city press to conserve and advance: The control over the commercialized city press is a financial control, and financial control is riously irreconcilable with the broad public interest. But the Star is not to be a class publication, nor are its interests primarily political. They will extend .to every phase of human life and will be directed toward bettering conditions social, economic and moral where its influence can be used effectively as well as in the channels of political issues. But the Star WILL BE "political" in this sense that it does not despair of the improvement of political conditions and political institutions. It will stand for the improvement of political conditions and political institutions by political means. It will set itself steadily against violence. It will seek to promote those reforms most likely to avert the dangers of destructive revolution. It will set itself to the task off combatting repression, persecution and exploitation, ichich in all history without exception have been the unfailing causes of destructive revolution and its ensuing chaos. It will not seek by lies to allay discontent where discontent is real and well founded; nor to gloss over and deny evils where genuine eils exist. Primarily a Newspaper These are considerations which fundamentally will shape the direction of editorial policy. But this does not mean that the Daily Star is going on a lone crusade against whatever exists that appears wrong. Its editors have no such magnified c idea of their own mission and importance. Primarily the Star is going to be a newspaper, a newspaper which endeavors to report the news accurately and to give those who have an interesting, pertinent and sincere opinion to express, a chance to express it. In doing that it will want especially to open its columns to those whose point of view and whose argument or defense never has been presented fairly hitherto. It will have a consistent policy toward those with opinions which differ from its own. This policy will be to give those opinions respecuui neanng, 10 open us columns to a reasonable expression of those contrary opinions, and to meet them with fair argument if that seems necessary or advisable. What We Ask of You The Star will continue to ask from those who have aided in bringing it into existence their further co-operation and support. To others, it appeals only for a fair judgment. - This judgment, it seems to us, ought to be based, not upon the consideration of whether you agree with the opinions of the Star or not, but on the question of whether a paper so established and existing for these purposes has or has not a legitimate field to fill and Yvhether its continued existence ought or ought not to be en. uraged. We sincerely believe that your judgment on this ' matter will, to a very great degree, be a test of what sort of citizer sow are. its editors. This newspaper' Publications city press has been most flagrant and the activities of the hardest toward maintaining in power earned them. support most readily has come dailies are themselves class pub dangerous and insidious kind, the standpoint of the perma notoriously concentrated, noto Isn't It Time to Lighten By M. H. HEDGES is an" axiom that the street car system of a city exists largely for the wage-earner. The salaried man rides in an automobile. The man who could best stand a car fare increase docs not need to pay. The man who can least stand a car fare increase must pay it. Granting that the recent increase of car fares in Minneapolis may return benefits to the public; granting that the railway employees may be lifted farther away from the line of econ omic dependent y. which is a good thing for a city as a whole; granting that the street car company is honest in its declarations for improved service; still an increase in car fare is a serious fact to the great mass of the car riders. These are the ones for whom the press forget to speak. According to the best government statistics the average wage to clerks in department stores was from $S to $18; of waitresses in restaurants from $10 to $15; of stenographers from $11 to $:o. System Fleeces Farmers of Nine Billions Yearly MR. ROYLANCE'S CONCLUSIONS Nine billions yearly which should be pouring into the pockets of the farmers of the country isn't getting, there because of the lack of an adequate system of storage, manufacturing and marketing. This sum repreents 36 per cent of the flnaj value of the country's crops. Divided amonj; the farms, it would allow $1,200 a year to every farm in the t'nited States. It would pay eff all farm mortgages and leave a balance of four billions. The amount is sufficient to liquidate the entire indebtedness of the United States in three years time. By . G. KOYLANCE Department of Statistics and Publicity, Bank of North Dakota A recent series of investigations conducted by the department of agriculture has aroused the ire of some of the trade and financial publications, because part of the information it is uncovering seems likely to disturb some of the bloated interests. One publication representing deal ers in farm products is especially bitter, saying that "the department of agriculture ought to b in more pi of-itable business than contributing in this way to the egregious fallacy which a certain type of itinerant, ignorant farmer parasite agitators sre at this time propagating, that the cost of production has, per se, a relation to the price that can be or should be placed on farm products." It is a safe guess that the writer of this outrageous paragraph meant by "ignorant farmer parasite agita tors," leaders and organizers or me Nonpartisan League and like organi zations. But the terms, lr tney appiy at all, would equally fit any person who believes that the cos, of production should be regarded as a material element in the fixing of prices on farm nroduuts. It is. of course, wholly in consistent to brand as ignorant agitators all persons who Insist upon this principle, when it Is well Known mai in evorv business other than farming which is carried on honestly and effi-ciently, cost of production is the chief element in , the fixing of the prices that the producer will demand or endeavor to obtain for his products. Justified Investigation So far as the Department of Agri culture is concerned, it has carried on perfectly honest and legitimate series of investigations, disclosing important facts that may be used in a hundred different ways for the purpose of securing greater economy In farm production, and in the conduct of all business related thereto. The wide difference between wnax the farmer gets and the consumer pays, furnishes prima facie evidence that responsibility for high prices to consumers cannot be thrown upon the farmer. In fact there exists a situation with regard to the production and handling of farm products, the evils of which are so obvious to the average man, that facts such as those disclosed by the Department of Agriculture receive a ready interpretation, and an interpretation opposite to the Interests of those who are now criticising the department. Nine Billions a Year Dr. E. F. Ladd, president of the Agricultural College of North Dakota estimates that $134,659,421 could have heen saved to North Dakota farmers "in their 1319 wheat crop by the addi-ion of a proper system of storage. Manufacturing and marketing. What would this mean to the farm-rs of the United States, if such a sys A 111 Ji According to government statistics ' f0 cmia from $3.25 to $7 per week; clothes from $1.44 to $2; and car fare from 70 to 80 cents a week, at the 5-ceht fares obtain. Car Eare Big Item The third largest item in the weekly budget of the wage earner is car fare. It costs more than laundry. It costs more than dentist or doctor or vacation. In fact, the allotment set aside for vacations by women wage earners in the foregoing occupations is only Id to 40 cents a week. ' It is plain to be seen that when an increase of car fares 01 from 24 to 40 per cent is granted to the streetcar company, the girls in the lowest paid occupations must, when they hand the additional sum over to the streetcar company, wipe out their vacation fund. In short, the working girl and working man must pay a great part of their wages for transportation. They must pay into the pockets of a streetcar company more than they pay in tem could be organized and put into operation for the entire country? The total value of all agricultural products for 1919 is approximately $25,000,000,000. The net saving on North Dakota crops, after making liberal allowance for manufacturing and selling costs, estimated by Dr. Ladd is about 36 per cent of the net value of the crops, at the prices for which they were sold. 36 Per Cent Saving Thirty-six per cent of $25,000,000,000 is $9,000,000,000. This would be more than $1,200 for every farm in the United States or more than $700 for every person working on a farm. It divided among all the workers of the entire country It would add $200 each to their salaries. It would pay 6,000,000 farmhands $5 a day for 300 days in the year; and would be enough to pay one-half of the entire labor cost of producing all crops. Including the labor of the farmers and their families. It would pay the entire debt of the United States in less than three years. If used for educational purposes, it would endow 1,800 colleges and universities with $5,000,000 a year each. It would buy and equip 200,000 farms, at a valuation of $45,000 each, or 400,000 farms at $22,500 each; or it would reclaim 150,000,000 acres of cul-tivatable land not now in use enough to make 1,000,000 farms of 150 acres each, furnishing homes for 5,000,000 people. -. Break Financial Combine It would pay off all farm mortgages, and leave more than $4,000,000,000 to be invested in farm equipment and conveniences. If deposited in a national farmers' bank and allowed to accumulate for five years, it would make such a bank the most powerful financial institution in the world, giving it resources greater than those of all the national and state banks combined, thus rendering the farmers forever independent the money power. The establishment ofsuch a system would break the combination of financial and industrial corporations that so long has dominated the industries of the country and is now reaching out to obtain control of the production and distribution of commodities throughout the world. And this does not mean that the farmers will merely seize the power now exercised by the great corporations, and themselves exploit consumers and oppress all other industrial classes. Thanks to the sound Intelligence and innate fairness of the farmers themselves, the new industrial order is being planned upon a basis of mutual benefit and equal justice. That is manifested in the rapid coming together of the farmers' organizations with those of other workers. Farmers do not want, nor are the services they are organizing and putting Into operation calculated to secure for them anything beyond a fair return for the capital they invest and the work they actually do. And the farmers' capital, unlike the bulk of the Load? taxes to the nation, the state and the city. They must pay to a corporation for transportation more than they pay for water, police and tire protection; more than they pay for schools.. They must pay to a private corporation more than they pay for all the public returns society accords them. Keflects on Self Kcspert. In view of these facts, no city can long retain its self respect as a functioning commonwealth, and allow car cares to climb. If a city exists to protect its citizens, it must see that transportation rates steadily descend. And no city can -do this and guarantee to a streetcar company a high rate of return upon capital that does not exist. So long us the Raryd Transit company can protect its twice watered stock, car fares will climb. Experts can be brought to the city at the city's expense. Arbitration boards can go on sitting. Council meetings can become heated, but streetcar fare will climb, and the wage earner will pay the bill. that which the corporation monopolies create and control, represents the accumulated savings out of their own labor. The farmers know that economic justice and industrial efficiency all along the line are all that Is necessary to assure them prosperity. And they know equally well that economic justice and general efficiency will bring prosperity to all honest workers. The North Dakota Idea All things considered, it is not to be wondered that the supporters of privilege in this country lose their patience. They have had their own way for a long time long enough to grow lazy and to accumulate a good deal of fatty tissue, which very evidently is not confined to the region below the neck. Interests Eeel Shak Plutocracy shows signs of going completely off its head. Far from us to say that its alarm is groundless. On the contrary, there is ample occasion for even more misgiving than has been expressed of late in these vitriolic and ridiculous statements. The days of privilege in this country are numbered. The erstwhile despised "hick" of the rural districts is coming into his own and that means that he is going to be of considerable 'importance in the determination of industrial affairs in this country in the very near future. It means that there is going to be an economic adjustment which will very materially increase the earnings of those who work the farms, and that that increase will come largely from the cutting out of excess profits and the elimination of inefficiency in the handling and selling of what the farm workers produce. There is nothing in the least vague about what the farmers are proposing to do. They have got over being alarmed by big figures. They are no longer overawed by the magnitude of big business operations, because they have learned that they are themselves engaged in the biggest industry 'in this country the industry upon which all others depend. This movement has acquired more deflniteness in North Dakota than in any other state but it is bound to spread rapidly into all the states, as soon as the farmers elsewhere come to understand the facts of the North Dakota movement and the far-reaching benefits that will result from its adoption throughout the country. MIRROR EDITOR SOUGHT Efforts are being made by friends of the late William Marion Reedy, editor and owner of Reedy's Mirror, to continue the publication of his periodical after its wonted fashion despite the death of its founder. The columns of The Mirror were read almost universally by writers everywhere. Reedy's mind was of that catholic type to whom "nothing human was foreign." The work of many of those in the foreground in. the world of letters first appeared in the St. Louis publication. If another writer of Reedys intellectual dimensions can be found to edit the paper, no doubt The Mirror can be continued. WILL COOLIDGE BE THERE? There are searcntngs of heart in Boston. The Central Labor Union invited Governor Coolidge to review the Labor day parade. But the 900 policemen who went on a strike are to be in line and the members of the Telephone Operators' Union have given notice that they won't parade if his excellency is in the stand. The dispatch says that a way will be found out of the difficulty: probably the governor will have un important engagement elsewhere. He has plenty of time between now and Labor day to have one, certainly. We should be delighted to have him down to go swimming with us, if he needs an alibi as the time approaches. The AMERICANISM "W1'' llrtkl ,lieMe ,ru,hs ,obo self-evident, that till men are created equal, that they are endowed by their creator with certain inalienable rights, that anion.? these uro life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness; that to secure these rights governments are instituted among men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed; that whenever any form of government becomes destructive of these ends, It is the right of the people to niter or abolish it, and to institute new government, laying Its foundations on such principles and organizing its pow-era in such form us to them shull seem most likely to effect their safety and happiness." Declaration of independence. Among the Books "Liberty and the Nov." Bv Walter Lippman. ilarvourt. Brace and Howe. 1920. The. straight line argument of this essay is as follows: Liberty is not an absolute idea operating in a vacuum. In the world of actual human relation what we mean by liberty is really what we are willing to permit others to do. Now this line of Indifference is marked off by our opinion and these opinions, in tho long run, are determined by the facts news which are furnished us. So the governing idea of liberty which rules in any community is created by news. Actual corruption of news, according to Mr. Lippoian, is more rare and less dangerous than the mlsinforma tion wtMcn tlows into our press through ignorance and bias. But he keenly analyzes the baneful Influence of propaganda which grew up so strongly during the war nnd which continues to grow like a bad weed. The remedies touched upon by Mr. Lippman in the final section of the essay are designed to make the mech anism of news more certuin. They in clue: (1) a plain labeling of the source of all news; (2) means of increasing the accountability of publishers; (3) training of reporters in the Value of evidence and the mechanics of accurate reporting; (4) the establishment of a central interntional news agency. E. A. C. Bolshevism at Work, hy Wlllinni "r. Gootle. Harcourt, Brace & Howe. 1920 A competent and intelligent observer, Wm. L. Goode, acting ns special correspondent for the Manchester Guardian, spent July and August in 1919 in European Russia. His book, "Bolshevism at Work," is valuable to those who wish to examine testimony about present day Russia, rather than to swaljow propaganda. Mr. Goode had interviews with all the heads of departments of the soviet government. He visited schools, bureaus, hospitals, experimental farms, factories, theaters and homes. He tells briefly what he heard and saw. Anyone who is seeking to whip up his emotions by rending' hectic stories of red revolution will be disappointed by this book. But if one wants to get a straight forward view of official life in European Russia and an idea of why the soviet government, has been able to maintain itself through three terrific years, he can get ligl:t from Mr. Goode' s volume. Russia, according to this observer, is neither as good or as had as extreme tales on either side would have us be- Ileye. The most hopeful sign for the future is that the officials are willing to admit blunders and are, therefore, ready to correct mistaken policies. Indeed the impression which remains most strongly with one is that the men at the head of the soviet republic are scientific opportunists, who face facts. This is miles from the stories with which the western world is fed as to the wild theorists who are seeking to impose their fanciful theories upon an unwilling and incapable mass of ignorant peasants. E. A. C. Start Co-Op Dairies to Beat Milk Trust Some time ago Labor reported the story of how the milk trust in New York had refused to permit milk to be brought to the city because it would tend to reduce prices. The trust said it would cause a glut on the market. Therefore they refused to buy the farmers' milk or permit it to be distributed in the city. The farmers of New York, like the farmers of the west, are mobilizing their power to beat the milk trust. A fund of. nearly $4,000,000 Is being raised by which the Dairymen's League Co-operative association will build co-operative dairies in 13 widely separate sections of farming territory. Already the league operates in 12 farmer owned milk plants. The farmers say that once they control "the dairies they will be able to convert their own milk Into butter and cheese and also control their own distribution. It means better prices to the farmer and fairer prices to the consumer. They will also be able to maintain the quality of their products, improve the butter and cheese, and gradually take over the production of these staple commodities. The next move is for the consumers within the cities to organize their own distribution system. This can be done where co-operation societies exist. It should be done by the city itself. For the city can divide the territory into districts. It can end the wasteful competition of a dozen milk carts supplying the same territory. It can inspect the milk. It can create centers in drug stores, schools and elsewhere, for distribution. If cities would co-operate with the co-operative dairies, they could cut the price of milk to 10 or 12 cents a quart, and still pay the farmers much more than they now receive. Labor. Opinion and Forecast "Men do not like to exploit their fellowmen, but generally they have hated work more than they have hated the exploitation of others . . The exploitation which most calls for examination is not that which exists despite the law, but that which, being established in custom and law has become Institutionalized. It may be defined as any profiting as any one element in society at the expense of the other element, which would disappear if the elements came to equal power." Professor E. A. Ross, University of Wisconsin, HEALTH ASSURANCE Tlain Talks on Sanitary and Medical Topics By William E. Leonard, A.B., M.D. (The Star here presents the first of lb series of practical, cheerful mill instructive health talk ly one of the hest-knotm physlciati in Minneapolis. Ir. 1.toiinr ha prat-tired medicine In MlitneiiMliN for 41 years. He Is a graduate of the I'nltersitv of Minnesota recrlted III meilU-nl trnlitlng In eastern medical collcire ami In Kuropfnn hospitals nnd clinics, unU for 19 years an instructor in the ineillral school of the stntr unit emit; , lie was for I years an inferior of the Minneapolis' -lty health department, where he rume In contact with tho general lienltb prohlems of the community in a lironiler nay than Ik possible to the ordinary practitioner, and where, he (lathered iliiuiy ideas for the . health instruction of the puhlic which the War expects to give him an op-IMtrtiinlty to pass on to the people of Minneapolis and the Northwest. I)r. Leonard, In this first article, defines hi scope of Ilia department. Other nrlicles will follow.) g An old t Spanish proverb tuns, in Longfellow's liberal translation: "Joy, Tempera- und Repose Slam the door on the Doctor's nose." A little old-fashioned, to be sure, but still quite in line with common sense. Good health is not an intricate and subtle affair, Involving special knowledge and many abstract and difficult terms, but rather the result of knowing and understanding a few simple laws of well-being and living up to them. These laws and rules, as applied to the various conditions and accidents of every day life, will be told in these columns, in as brief and as plain a manner a9 possible. Our aim will be to say more nbout health than disease, the latter being described only to be recognized when present, not anticipated when not present., To be constantly looking for trouble generaly results in finding it, but that does not mean never to see or to deny the presence of disease.-Holy Writ declares: "As a man think-eth, so is he." Tutting and keeping before his mind pictures of disease is the regular and proper business of the physician, whose duty It is to recognize all deviations from health as the possible beginnings of trouble. Because of this usual habit of mind of the doctor, the average medical col. umns of the newspapers are too much given over the medical propaganda. We believe that details of sickness In the public print, with minute accounts of various symptoms present or possible in a given disease, except when an epidemic threatens and reasonable warning is necessary, are decidedly out of place, belong rather BRAHMA By Ralph Waldo Emerson If the red slayer thinks he slays, Or if the slain thinks he is slain, They know not well the subtle ways I keep, and pass, and turn again. Far or forgot to me Is near; Shadow and sunlight are the same; The vanish'd gods to mo appear; And one to mc are shame and fame. They reckon ill who leave me out; When mC they fly, I am the wings; I am the doubter and the doubt. And I the hymn the Brahmin sings. The strong gods pine for my abode. And pine in vain the sacred Seven; But thou, meek lover of the good! Find me, and turn thy back on heaven. Democracy: Its Task A large part of mankind still regard governments as something quite apart from the main business of life, something which is undoubtedly necessary to enable them to attend to their business, but only incidental or accessory to it.. They plow and sow and harvest; they manufacture and buy and sell; they practice the professions and the arts; they write and preach; they work and they play under a subconscious impression that government is something outside all this real business, a function to be performed by some one else with whom they have little or no concern, as the janitor or an apartment house whom somebody or other had hired to keep out thieves and keep the furnace running. The essential feature of the present condition is that the burden and the duty of government rest on all men; and no man can retire to his business or his pleasures and ignore his right to share in government without shirking a duty. The selfish men who have selfish interests to subserve are going to take part; the corrupt men who want to make something out of government are going to take part, the demagogues who wish to attain place arid power through pandering to prejudices of their fellows are going to take part. The scheme of popular government upon which so much depends cannot be worked successfully unless the great body of such men as are now in this room do their share; and no one of us can fail to do his share without forfeiting something of his title to self-respect. Elihu Root. The Beautiful The beautiful cannot have its origin in tumult, in the simultaneous reverberation of a. crowd of sounds in which the ear' can distinguish no measure or harmony, nor can the plastic arts discover it in the mere wanton medley of colors and of lines. The ideas which these arts endeavor to express can only be made clear when they are translated into an intelligible language, of which monuments and forms and' -figures, lights, shades and masses are, as it were, the characters. If the eye is offended; if it is asked to regard spectacles violating the laws of Its sensibility, if the intelligence can find no common measure for the masses, if the contacts are not skilfully managed, if the minute and the vast, shadow and color, simplicity and richness jostle against each other and are mingled without Judgment or rule, then the. mind finds no longer its pleasure, in the sensation, it no longer apprehends an idea and a design under the material envelope; the bronze is then only a metal, the marble but a piece of stone, the color only a more or less brilliant dash of pigment. Works of art must have a rule of life, and he who speaks of life understands by it harmony, order, the correlation of all the parts Into a single whole. Auguste Laugel. I Vl only to the student and practitioner of medicine, und tend to promote a morbid und unhealthy state of mind In the avenigc Individual. The Diseases of Jerome Jerome K. Jerome, the noted humorist, tells that when he began to read medicine as a student he had in its order every disease he read ubout, except "housomaids knee," und finally concluded that he was too susceptible to ever learn to be a doctor, and gave up in disgust. The human Imagination loves to play around tho possible chunges Involved In disease und should not be encouraged therein, except to the extent, of being sensible and intelligent. We believe that the constant parade of strange and tin-usunl 'medical facts and cases in the pulifta press serves no pthjic good, but rather, puts twisted antfwrongr ideas into the people's heads and fear Into their Ivarts. Many persons think that the constant exploitation of disease and surgicul proceedings in the public press is rarefully planned advertising by the profession, with tho avowed purpose of frightening tho people into consulting them. Be that as it may, we believe that in the long run this writing up of professional doings and theories only tends to drive the people to "the drugless healers" and cults outside the orthodox medical fold. It Is quite sensible and proper for every person to learn, his or her physical condition, at least once a year in adult life, by a full examination by a competent physician, but the rest of the time his thoughts should be fixed upon living, It you please, the careless healthy life of a child, without regard to either doctors or disease. There are more guide posts to health than to disease in this germridden world. Many of -these signs we hope to point out in their relation to everyday living. Will Answer Questions This department also will answer any questions ubout ailments or conditions which seem to us to be of general Interest or importance but will not attempt to suggest or prescribe medicines, or anything but dietary and commonsense means of keeping well. In no way will we Infringe upon the province of the physician or lessen his usefulness for those who need him. Finally, at the risk of repetition, we state that this department exists, not to describe disease and furnish morbid pictures for the unthinking to read and gloat over,' but rather to encourage health. In fulfilling this somewhat large order we ask the hearty and earnest co-opeiation of all interested readers of the Star. Wages and Justice For my part, I confess that I have long since given up the attempt to establish an equation between the just deserts of the worker,' the head-worker or the hand-worker on the one hand, and wages, salary or incotfce on the other. No such equation Is possible. Every endeavor to construct one is unsound. The proportion between work done and lncgme received will have to be based on a totally different principle. The word "reward" will have to be entirely expunged from the vocabulary of economic justice. The principle I mean is sustentition and not remuneration. The just principle is that which sustains the worker at the highest possible pitch of efficiency in doing his work, not that which rewards or remunerates him for doing it. The reward of the work, so far as there is any, is or must be in the work itself. But if this be so, how strikingly In excess of right and justice are the multiplying incomes of the wealthy at the present time. How far beyond what they can possibly require to sustain them at the highest mark of efficiency! Felix Adler. Moderate Leaders Meet to Defend Position Following the recent organization of a left wing within the Czech Social- Democratic party, the moderate leaders of the party, to the number of 248, met in Smichof, says a Federated Press dispatch, and formed a group for the purpose of defending the present position of the party, of which Premier Vlastimil Tusar is a member, and opposing the drift toward the left. Among the prominent deputies attending the meeting were Dr.. Francis Soukup, Gustav Habrman, Dr. Leo Winter, Dr. Alfred Moissnor, Franz Tomasek, Anton Hampl, Wenzel Johanls and Rudolf Bechyne. At a big meeting in the Alstedter Ring, addressed by Alois Muna, the communist leader, and Dr. Gottfried Smeral, a Czech Social Democratic deputy, thousands of Prague workers cheered for the soviet regime, and there was a great display of banners with inscriptions exalting the Third International and calling for the setting up of a government of Workers' Councils. A resolution was adopted calling for the immediate establishment of friendly relations with the soviet government of Russia and criticizing the Czecho-Slovak government for its delay in this matter. Canadian Railway Men to Get Wage Increase Canadian railway workers will receive the same increase in pay which the United States railwaymen will receive as a result of the award of the United States railway labor board, if J. D. Reid, Canadian minister of rail-1 ways, keeps the promise he made at a banquet in Vancouver last February, says a Federated Press dispatch. At that time Mr. Reid stated that the deficit on the national system would rise from $47,000 per annum to somewhere near $70,000,000 next year and that it must be met by increasing passenger and freight rates. It is expected that the new schedule will come into effect in August. AUTHOR SHUNS BOOKS Booth Tarkington's statement that he reads no American works of fiction in order that he may keep clear of possible influences on his writing has provoked the wrath of The Free man, which opines that fear of influ ences is a weakness. Probably it is " an intellectual sort of weakness, but it has no bad effects on the bank book. as Tarkington can easily demonstrate.

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