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PAGE 18 SANDUSKY REGISTER SAT., NOV. 4, 1967 Erie County Ag Society To Meet And Eat By AUDREY MACKIEWICZ Come on out. you Erie County residents, and help make next summer's fair even better than this year's event. The Erie County Agricultural Society will hold its annual meeting Thursday, at 7 p.m., at the fairgrounds, and anyone Interested is asiied to attend. The affair will begin with a fresh pork and sauerkraut supper, served by members of the Erie County Grange. Ruby Harrison, former IFYE student to India, will provide the entertainment for the evening. If you have any questions or suggestions relative to improving the Erie County Fair, please come and have your say. Tickets for the event are on sale at the Erie County Extension office or from fair board members of 4-H club advisors. * * * AREA COUNTY extension agents have been listening instead of teaching this week. They've been at a meeting of the Extension Agents Association, in Columbus. The featured speaker was Miss Marianne Campbell, director of community affairs for the AVCO Broadcasting Corp., Cincinnati. She is the first and only woman director of the National Association of Broadcasters' Board and in 1965 became the first woman appomted to the Radio Code Board. She's been telling our county agents about the value of news media in providmg Ohio people with educational information from Ohio State University and the Ohio Experiemnt Stations. * * * THE WAKEMAN GRANGE will start its meeting Tuesday with a "Dues Dinner," with the main course furnished by the Grange, prepared by the Home Economics Committee, headed by Mrs. Theodore Timbs. The year's dues are payable at the meeting. Booster Night will be observed Nov. 21, with a small fair, open to the public. Grain, fruits and vegetables will be judged and ribbons presented to the winners. A state grange speaker is expected to attend. On Dec. 5 a potluck supper will precede the meeting and a special program is being planned lo celebrate the 100th anniversary of Grange. •c * * THE ANNUAL KIWANIS Farmers Night will be held Wednesday at the North Fairfield Methodist Church, at 7 p.m. Dana Call and Harold Collier will have tickets this week and the deadline for purchasing a ticket is Monday. This is the yearly Kiwanis meeting to host farmers in one of the three rural areas the Kiwanisans have been entertaining for many years. Fred Grimm, extension marketing agent in Northern Ohio, will be the principal speaker. George Manyak and Mike Sumser will be in charge of door prizes. * * * THE MARGARETTA Subordinate Grange is planning an "old-fashioned Christmas tree trimming party" for its December meeting. There will also be a gift exchange at. the party, with men bringing men's gifts and women bringing women's gifts. Hearings On Milk Prices? WASHINGTON - Agriculture Secretary Orville L. Freeman's announcement that he does not al present intend to call hearings on proposals to boost bottling milk prices is getting a chilly reaction from spokesmen for the nation's da'iry industry. DAIRYMEN want the agriculture secretary to call hearings on their proposals for a 50 cents per hundred weight acr- 0 s s-the-board increases in fluid milk prices in milksheds regulated by federal market- ins orders. They also want price supports on manufacturing milk to aim al 90 per cent of parity. I'reeman said at a news conference recently he is still getting some — but "not too many" — letters from dairymen urging that he take sction to boost prices. HE SAID FARMERS are concerned about the fact that commercial milk sales are down five per cent from a year ago, but added that this sales decline, does not give the Agriculture Department a "good frame of reference" for setting up the requested hearings. Department economists will continue to study the milk sit u a t i 0 n to determine the causes of the drop in sales. Freeman sa'id, and he will delay a decision on hearings until the results of those studies ai-e in. DEPARTMENT .sources say they don't expect Freeman to make the decision right away and possibly not before the first of the year. That word is viewed as bad news for hard-pressed dairymen, according to officials of the National Milk Producers Federation. They say that unless prices are upped and foreign competition is limited, dairy farmers will continue to leave the business "in droves." PAT HEALY, assistant secretary of the federation, said today that he hopes Freeman will change his mind. "It is still our hope that the secretary certainly would at least call the hearings," Healy said. "We think if he did call the hearings, producer groups could build a good record showing the need for the increases." The requested price increase, which would amount to about a penny a quart, is "completely warranted," Healy said, and Freeman should give dairy producers a chance lo prove it. MOUNTAINS OF SUGAR BEETS GET HIGHER AND HIGHER .. . behind Gordon Rudolph, manager. (Register Photos—Audrey Macklewicx) Meetings Set To Start Fall Season By FLOREN JAMES Erie County Ag Agent Farm people from Erie County and all other counties of Ohio will convene in Columbus Nov. 8, 9, 10 to participate in the 49th annual meeting of the Ohio Farm Bureau Federation. THE MEETING will be held at the Neil House Hotel. The program Nov. 8 will be devoted to meetings of the policy development, code of regulations, credentials and program committees, in the morning, followed in the afternoon by the delegate business session. The first general session will be held in the President's Ball Room starting at 7:30 p.m. On Nov. 9, the entire day will be devoted to a general business session which will include annual reports, program recognition awards, district meetings and a number of outstanding speakers. The final session, Nov. 10, will include the final consideration of Farm Bureau policies, the delegate's luncheon and the conclusion of the business session. ITie Farm Bui-eau youth session will be held Nov. 8 at the Beasley-Deshler Hotel, starting at 9:15 a.m. ^1. Adv. Experience is Necessary for Planned Progress RETAIN ZEIHER for Perkins Township Trustee KELLEY ISLANDERS will have to leave the island if they are going to attend the annual meeting of their Electric Cooperative this year. The Lake Erie Electric Cooperative, Inc., that has been serving the island in the past, has joined the Hancock-Wood Electric Cooperative at North Baltimore. The 1967 annual meeting of the Hancock-Wood Electric Cooperative Inc., will be held at 8 p.m. Monday, Nov. 13, at the North Baltimore High School auditorium. Aside from the regular business session, Countess Maria Pulaski will address the members on "My Life As a Spy." As a result of the merger of the two electric cooperatives, Kelley Islanders now belong to a much larger cooperative capable of expanding and improving service on the island. Plans are already under way to install a new, more sophisticated, feeder cable from Marblehead to the Island. ERIE COUNTY POULTRY producers are invited to attend the first in a series of meetings for surrounding counties. The meeting on the subject of "contracts and Contracting" will be held at Serwin's Restaurant, 740 N. Fifth St. Fremont, at 7 p.m. Wednesday. You will need to make dinner reservations for this meeting, no later than Monday, with the Ottawa County Extension Service. Phone 8983631, Oak Harbor. SUPPORT FOR shade trees — shade trees frequently need the support and strength that can be provided by guy wires, cables, and braces. In transplanting, young trees are guyed to prevent withthrow until the roots become established; in older trees, cables and braces are used to prevent or reduce storm damage. Methods used to guy young trees vary. A relatively small tree may be adequately supported by one or more short sections of rubber hose looped around the trunk and attached to a single upright stake driven firmly into the ground. For larger trees, two or more stakes may be used, or guy wires may be fastened to ground anchors and attached to the trunk with lag screw hooks. Valuable shade trees should be inspected each autumn for weaknesses that make them especially susceptible to damage in winter storms. These storms often are a composite of strong wind and heavy snow or rain that freezes as it falls, thus subjecting the entire tree structure to abnormal strain and stresses. Structurally weak trees may be severely damaged. Bill Means $1 Million COLUMBUS - Ohio, Agriculture Director John Stackhouse Thursday said a House- passed federal meat inspection bill would pj-ovide matching funds that would enable states to push their own programs. "We have counted upon this bill to help us finance our new compulsory meat inspection law that becomes effective next month,' Stackhouse said. The bill still has to pass the Senate. The group has been making improvements to their building and voted to continue their fund-raising events. They have a card party the first and third Sundays of each montii and will continue their rug projects lo raise additional funds. Mrs. Mildrd Cast said the Grange is in need of card tables for the Sunday parties. If anyone has one to donate please contact her or Mrs. Ralph Ransom. * * « WOOL GROWERS, attention! II you haven't filled your application for incentive payment under the 1967 wool program, do so witin the next 60 days — that's the deadline. Patrick J. Nolan, chairman of the Huron County ASC County Committee, has announced shorn wool marketed during the 1967 calendar year will be supported at 66 cents per pound, an increase of one cent nvor the 1965 support levil. Huron County wool growers receive about .1180,000 annually from the .sale of shorn wool alone, according to Nolan. -i-. SPECIAL MEETINGS of interest to all swine producer* were planned at a committee meeting of the Erie-Huron County Swine Producer's recently in Sandusky. Meetings set include one Jan, 1 a) Ole Zim's Wagon Shed Fremont, starting at 9:30 a.m. "Open and Confinement Housing" will be the topic and there will be exhibits and displays by various manufacturers. On Jan. 12, 23, and 30 there will be a school devoted to the concentrated study of wine nutrition. More information will bB given later on the time and place of the .school. Stackhouse said Ohio would receive about $1 million a year if the bill survives the Senate. Stackhouse pointed out Ohio has never had any compulsory meat inspection program. He said this has allowed about half of tihe slaughterhouses in Ohio to operate without any inspection of the animals or meat they sell. The only inspection they receive is for sanitary conditions of the slaughterh6use but nothing of the product they sell, he said. By AUDREY MACKIEWICZ FREMONT - Trucks loaded to the brim with sugar beets are a common sight on the highways now. THEY COME from every direction — their destination: the Northern Ohio Sugar Co., 1101 N. Front St. Farmers from seven counties travel the route here .with, their crop. In all there are 580 farmers coming fi'om Erie, Huron, Ottawa, Sandusky, Seneca, Lucas and Wood Counties — in trucks of every description. Some are driven by the men themselves — others have female operators who drive to give the husband at home a chance to get the next load ready. The farmers grow the sugar beets under contr&'ct, with the growers sharing in the sale of sugar, dried pulp and molasses. The company advances the seed and herbicide for weed control in the Spring and also maintains a staff of agriculturalists who assist the growers with the best methods of planting the crop and securing the necessary workers that adjust plant populaton and remove weeds. THE BEETS sfre planted in the Spring "as soon as the weather and soil conditions permit," according to Gordon Rudolph, manager of the plant. "We recommend early planting because the longer the growing season, the more pounds of sugar per acre. "This year's hEffvest," Rudolph explained, "on 11,677 acres averaged about 17 tons per acre — that means we should have about 200,000 tons of beets to process." Oct. 4 was the day harvest began this year. "The farmers use mechanical sugar beet harvestors to cut the tops off the root and the root is then elevated into the storage tank, then into the truck to be hauled to the factory," Rudolph continued. On Oct. 25, 1,155 truck loads dumped 11,000 tons Off beets on the plant site. THERE ARE SEVEN different places for the trucks to dump — making the grounds appear to be part of a mountain range. Rudolph expected the record to be exceeded this week, saying "it is possible for 1,500 truck loads to be unloaded in one day." Workers work around the clock, seven days a week, "until all the stock pile beets have been made into -sugar," Rudolph stated. The beets are washed thoroughly first, then razor- sharp knives slice the beets into thin strips called cos- settes. (The sugar beet industry was started in France in the time of Napoleon, according to Rudolph, and Cos- settes is a French word.) The Beware Of All Acid Poisoning COLUMBUS - Fatal prussic acid poisoning may result from grazing livestock on frost or drought-damaged Sudan grass and sorghum-Sudan crosses, cautions Williams County Cooperative Extension agent Gerald Stanley. Damaged plants should be allowed a minimum of three days to resume normal growth, says Stanley. Re- growth should reach a height of between 15 and 18 inches before use. Labored breathing, staggered walking, and spasms are early signs of prussic acid poisoning. Often dead animals are found without any toxic symptoms being observed. If symptoms are noticed, remove the animal from the pasture or green chop; then call a veterinarian immediately. Frosted Sudan grass or sorghum-Sudan crosses can be safely fed after the stubble is dead and thoroughly dried. Plants preserved as hay or silage are safe to feed after the ensiling process is complete, Stanley adds. TRUCKS 'BEEF A PATH TO FREMONT Ifs 'Sugar Time cossettes roscmbie FreniJ^- fried potato strips. THE STRIPS are then soaked in hot w^ter (a process called diffusion) and the sugar is removed in liquid form called raw juice.. After the sugar is removed the cossettes are called beet pulp. This may be fed to livestock while wet, or moisture m;iy be removed by pressure and heat. Often sugar beet molasses, from a later stage in the sugar processing, is added to the pump before drying. In dried form, sugar beet pulp is also highly desirable as livestock feed. The vaw juice leaves the diffuser and goes through various purifying processes. Milk of lime and carbon dioxide gas solidify the non-sugar substances in the juice. Filtering then removes the solidified particles and thus removes non-sugars and carbonating and filtering are repeated. The purified juicv; is thickened by evaporating excess moisture and more filtering takes place. CRYSTALS ARE formed in the thick juice by boiling in huge vacuum "pans" and seeding with pulverized sugar. Crystals are (hen removed from the remaining liquid by whirling in high-speed centri- guges. The liquid is then a by- prwiuct, molasses. Crystals are dried and sorted according to size and the pure sugar is packaged or stored in large bins to be used by those with "a sweet tooth" throughout the year. New things have been added this year at both the Findlay and Fremont factories of the company, which offer real dol- lar.s-and-cents values to growers. At Fremont, a new circle piler has been constructed across the road from the factory yard. Installed in the plant is a large diffuser to extract the juices. THE NEW FILER, with new 60-foot scales and a new 60- foot hydraulic dump platform, will be able to handle 3,600 tons of beets per day atvd when built to capacity the pile will contain 50,000 tons of sugar beets, the largest in America handled by a single pioce of equipment. By comparison, the old circle piler at F'remont handles only 30.000 tons. Scales and platform capacity will be above 50 tons. The platform can be lifted to 45 degrees in less than 50 seconds; conveying belts are 36 inches wide: and a 20-lon load can be handled in less than five minutes. The new diffuser is expected to increa.se daily beet slicing by about 25 per cent. THE FINISHED PRODUCT — bags of sugar — is sold through wholesale firms in the area and offered "only in northwest Ohio," Rudolph stressed. "The average consumption of sugar is 100 pounds per person per year," he continued, "and we bag about ."iDO.noo pounds pur year here." The grower receives an initial payment for his crop Dec. 15, Rudolph said, "then as the company sells the .sugar, pulp and molasses he receives additional paynient.s. with the final money coming Oct. 2S, the year after production. "the amount is figured on the basis of quality test on sugar beets produced and delivered." he explained. "When the trucks come in a sample Is taken and analyzed for sugar content. The higher the quality, the more monev the farmer gets," he added. "It doesn't matter whether he produces 16 or 30 tons of beets per acre — we'll take all he produces — (here are no quota.s or restrictions." THE FREMONT PLANT was constructed in 1900 and "has been open every year except two since then." Rudolnh said. "At the beginning the design was to process 300 tons of beets per day. now it's 2.000. so you can see how the business has grown," the manage added. And the company is always searching — always experimenting to find different seeds for better yeilds. Last year the average was 6,500 pounds per acre. "Some day we're going to find a way to grow 10.000 pounds per acre." Rudolph concluded. TRUCK UNLOADS SUGAR BEETS ON THEIR WAY ... to becoming a bag of sugar. Freeman Announces 1968 Feed Grain Program Action WASHINGTON - The voluntary feed grain program foi- 1968 was announced Wednesday by Secretary of Agriculture Orville L. Freeman, taking vigorous action to reduce total supplies in order to strengthen prices. KEY PROVISIONS of the 1968 feed grain program are: — Required acreage diversion to conserving use to qualify pi-ice support loans smd payments is continued at 20 percent o.f a farmer's base acreage of corn and soghum. No diversion payment will be made for this minimum diversion, except for small farm acreaiges — the same as in 1966 and 1967. — Additional acreage diversion will be possible up to a total of 50 percent of the base or 25 acres, whichever is larger, the samp as in 1966. The acreage diversion payment rate will be at 45 percent of the total price support times the projected yield. Average projected yields for 1968 in most major producing areas generally are higher than in 1966. On a national basis, the projected corn yield is up 6 bushels and grain sorghum up 4 bushels per acre. — Exceptions were made for small farm, diversion' payments, both in 1967 and 1966, and the similar exception will be continued in 1968. A farm with a base of 25 acres or less will get payment on the first 20 percent acreage diversion at 20 percent of the total support rate times yield, and at the regular 45 percent payment rate on the remauiing acreage diverted to a conserving use. As in 1967, producers with corn-sorghum base acreages up to 125 acres will have the option of temporarily reducing this base down to 25 acres and still be eligible for the small farm provision on condition that no corn or grain sorghum will be planted for h&Tvest on the farm and the 25 acres are diverted to con serving use. WHETHER SOYBEAN plantings can be made on corn-sorghum acreage as in 1967 without loss of the feed grain price support payments, will be announced after the domestic export situations for ' this crop are more fully developed. Conserving base features will continue in 1968 the same as in 1967 and 1966. As announced July 24, 1967, barley is not included in the 1968 feed grain program. AH barley producers will be eligible for barley price support loans regardless of acreage planted. Also, wheat producers desiring to substitute acreage in order to produce wheat on bariey or oats-rye acreage base can do so for the 1968 crop. Signup for participation In the 1968 feed grain and wheat programs are to take place concurrently during February and March, 1968.