The Daily Herald from Delphos, Ohio on December 7, 1898 · Page 7
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The Daily Herald from Delphos, Ohio · Page 7

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Wednesday, December 7, 1898
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THE DOCUMENT. President McKinley Advises Congress Fully ON THE AFFAIRS OF STATE Elaborate Treatment of the Spanish- 0<tWW tt. accordingly v °ted on 9K f Jo? $ a ? l ? e a & approved April 25, 1898, declaring the existence of such war from and including April 21 re-enacted the provision of the resolution of April 20, directing the president to use all the armed forces of the nation to carry it into effect. Our country thus, after an interval American War. ME HIOARAGUA OAKAL PBOJEOT, Chief Bxeeatlr* Show* the Impor- tone* of the Halted State* Controlling ThU Va§« Maritime enterprise and Vff»» BpMdr Action by tlte National I*(lilator* With ThU 2nd In TUw. The Narrative of the War !• Taken Cp Vrom the Time of the Precldeat'i Lait Washington, Dec. 6.— The annual message of President McKinley was submitted -when congress convened the essential , features of which are as follows : To th* Senate and House of Reprftientatives: Notwithstanding the added burdens rendered necessary by the war, our people rejoice in a very satisfactory and steadily Increasing degr-s of prosperity evidenced by the largest vol- um* of business ever recorded. peace wlth all na- rnnf,. ltfi » lf *»«aeed in deadly conflict with a foreign enemy. Every n « rve *pl» "trained to meet the emerg- S^v.rT?,!? r «?Ponse to this Initial call for 126 000 volunteers was instant and complete, as was also the result of the second call of May 26 tor 75.000 additional volunteers. Every precaution was taken to prevent If possible injury to our seacoast cities and towns. Submarine mines were planted and ah ef- defense* 6 mKAe to the navy for W»r Keren ue Provided'. This fuad being inadequate to the requirements of equipment and for the conduct of the war, the patriotism of the congress provided the means in the war revenue act of June 13, by authorizing a 3 per cent popular loan not to exceed f400,000,000, and by levyfng additional impost* and taxes. Of the authorized loan $200,000^00 ' ° of the United States to other powers, always appropriate, is this year of primary Importance In view of the momentous lasues which have arisen, demanding IB one instance the ultimate determination by arms and involving far-reacli- Ing consequences which will require tae earnest attention of the congress. . my Ia7t ann ual message very full consideration was given to the ques- *£?"# t* 2 d =M of tne Government of the United States toward Spain and the Cuban Insurrection as being by far Sh«n mort lm P°rtant problem with y hi , ch J? e were tben called upon to deal. The considerations then advanced, and the exposition of the views therein expressed, disclosed my sense of the extreme gravity of the situation. i«JX?uvT ar * C(>ntlllu l d °? th * ola footing without comprehensive plaa, developing only the same spasmodic en»£ u » n l er "' b *«*n P f strategic results, that had marked the course of the earlier ten years' rebellion, as well as the present Insurrection from the start No alternative, save physical exhaustion of either combatant and ther»- wlthal the practical ruin of the island lay In sight, but how far distant no one could venture to conjecture. The Maine Dlsasttr. At this Juncture, on Feb. 15 last, occurred the destruction of the battleship Maine, while rightfully lying in the harbor of Havana on a mission of International courtesy and good will a catastrophe the suspicious nature and horror of which stirred the nation's heart profoundly. Yet the Instinct of Justice prevailed, and the nation anxiously awaited the result of the searching investigation at once set on foot The finding of the naval board of Inquiry established that the origin of the explosion was external by a submarine mine, and only halted, through lack of positive testimony, to fix the responsibility of its authorship. It needed but a brief and immediate executive suggestion to the congress to receive immediate answer to the duty of making instant provision tor the possible and perhaps speedily probable emergency of war, and the remarkable, almost unique, spectacle was presented of a unanimous vote of both Chouses, on March 9, appropriating $50,000,000 "for the national de- Still animated by the hope of a peaceful solution and obeying the dic- tates_ofjiuty, no effort was relaxed to "" "" " ending of the were offered and promptly taken, 'the subscriptions so far exceeding the call as to cover it many times over, while, preference being given to the smaller $6 000 n ° BmSle allotment exceeded It is not within the province of this message to narrate the history of the extraordinary war that followed the Spanish declaration of April 21, but a brief recital of its more salient features is appropriate. • The ^first encounter of the war In point of date took place April 27, when a detachment of the blockading squadron made a reconnaissance in force at Matanzas shelled the harbor forts ard demolished several new works In construction. »~ T ™ e , next engagement was destined to mark a memorable epoch in mari- «me warfare. The Pacific fleet, under Commodore George Dewey, had lain for some weeks at Hongkong At daybreak on- May 1 the American force entered Manilla bay, and a hl * a » f , ew , hour s engagement effected the total destruction of the Spanish fleet, consisting of 10 warships and a transport, besides capturing the naval station am forts at Cavite, thus annihilating the Spanish naval power in the Pacific ocean and completely controlling thr bay of Manilla, with the ability to take the city at will. Not a life was lost on our ships, the wounded only numbering seven, while not a vessel was materially injured. Effect of Dewer'* Victory. For this, gallant achievement the congress, upon my recommendation fitly bestowed upon the actors prefer^ ment and substantial reward. The effect of this remarkable victory upon the spirit of our people and upon the fortune o f the war was instant £nJEMK °U*r. in f»y thereby •rimonB lot -Ine cap'.ur* w the .. With the exception of encounters with the enemy at Guayama, Hormi- gueroa, Coamo and Yauco, and an attack on a force landed at Cape San Juan, there was no serious resistance. The campaign was prosecuted with great vigor, and by Aug. 12 much of tne island was in our possession, and the acquisition of the remainder was only a matter of a short time. At most of the points in the island our troops were moat enthusiastically welcomed. Protestations of loyalty to the flag and gratitude of delivery from Spanish rule met our commanders it every stage As a potent Influence toward peace the outcome of the Porto Rican expedition was of great consequence, and generous commendation la due to thoE-! who participated in it The last scene ofthe war was enacted at Manilla, its staring place. Cn Aug. 15, after a brief assault upon the works by the land forces, in which the squadron assisted, the capital surrendered unconditionally. The casualties were comparatively few. By this the conquest of the Philippine islands, virtually accomplished when the Spanish capacity, for resistance was destroyed by Admiral Dewey s victory on May 1, was formally sealed. General Merri^t, his officers and men, for tl elr uncomplaining and de- Voted service and for their gallantry in action, the nation is sincerely grateful. Their long voyage was made with singular success, and the soldierly conduct of the men, most of whom were without previous experience in the military service, deserves unmeasured praise. In this connection It is a ,pleasure for me to mention in terms of cordial appreciation the timely and useful work of the American National Red Cross, both in relief measures preparatory to the campaigns, in sanitary assistance at several of the camps of assemblage, and later, under the able experienced leadership of the president oj the society, Miss Clara Barton, on tne fields of battle and in the hospitals at the front in Cuba. anon was pfei«rtecr*irn restusoc to tr»» diplomatic repPesenutlonbT thin government in Central America, creatld by the association of Nicaragua, Honduras and Salvador under the title of the Greater Republic of Central America, aijd tre relegation of their intcr- "TO??!?! 1 func "ons to the diet thereof. Within a few weeks thereafter, the plan was severely tested by revolutionary movements arising, with a consequent demand for unity of action on of alleiM&nce to the Unltott States, thu. providing for the uninterrupted co" tlnnance of all the administrative an municipal functions of the annex- territory, until congress shall other wise enact, Tlie Cmr's Fence The proposal of the czar for a gen era reduction of the vast military e$ tablishments that weigh so heavily upon many peoples in time of peac gSeJffteS-ft," 1111 '"* P ° wer °< » ; « ™ communed to th is govern'men thi« « rSft* f"hi°. SUpp T r T ea ? thcm ' Under wlth an eirne "t invitation to be^eo »£«hl?«™!il new Union seems to resented In the conference which it ' Sri™, n «.^f akened ^rousk the with- contemplated to assemble with a view drawal of Its more important mem- to discussing the means of accomplish^ #M. M ....« » in £ so durable a result. advised ^ hHn«t*i7 aa t? Dot , ^ clal L y! ^ &is m j^ s ty was at once informed o aovisea or a»e installation of the fed- the cordial sympathy of this eovern eration, and has maintained an atti- ment with the principle Involvefi«i no, wise from the outset that the responsibn- ties of the several states toward us re mained unaltered by their tentative re The HopeleM Effort. annihilation of Admiral Cer- Negotiations continued for some little time at Madrid, resulting in offeia oy the Spanish government which could not but be regarded as inadequate. A Barren Outcome. Grieved and disappointed at this barren outcome of my sincere endeavors to reach a practicable solution I felt it my duty to remit the whole question to congress. In the message of April.ll, 1898,1 announced that with this last overture in the direction ^ ? immediate peace in Cuba, and its disappointing reception by Spain, the ef- tort of the executive was brought to an end. The response of the congress, after nine days of earnest deliberation, during which the almost unanimous sentiment of your body was developed on every point save as to the expediency of coupling the proposed action with a formal recognition of the republic of Cuba as the true and lawful govern- m K D V • ., I 04 . 1 i8la nd—a proposition which failed of adoption—the congress after conference, on April 19, by a vote of 42 to 35 in the senate and 311 to »'n the house of representatives, passed the memorial Joint resolution. This resolution was aproved by the executive on the next day, April 20 A copy was at once communicated to the Spanish minister at this capital who forthwith announced that his continuance in Washington bad thereby become Impossible, and asked for his passports, which were given him. h *? «?" arma> whicn continued throughout the struggle. Reinforcements we-f hurried to Manilla under command of Major General Merritt and firmly established within sight of the capital, which lay helpless before our guns. Only reluctance to cause needless loss of life and property prevented the ear- i£/i 8 * 0 . rmin £J u l d ca Pture of the city, and therewith the absolute military occupancy of the whole group. The insurgents meanwhile had resumed the active hostilities suspended °y the uncompleted truce of Decem- OcTf Jla*/ it Their forces invested Manilla from the northern and eastern side, but were constrained by Admiral Dewey and Geneial Merritt from attempting an assault. On May 11 the cruiser Wilmington and torpedo boat Winslow were unsuccessful in an attempt to silence the bat- w r ™t s h a n Cardena 8. a gallant ensign. Worth Bagley, and four seamen fall- These grievous fatalities were strangely enough among the very few which occurred during our naval operations in this extraordinary conflict. Several demonstrations occurred on the coasta of Cuba and Porto Rico in preparation for the larger event On May 13 the North Atlantic squadroS shelled San Juan de Porto Rico. The next act in the war thrilled not alone the hearts of our countrymen, but the world, by its exceptional heroism. On tue night of June 3 Lieutenant Hobaon. aided by seven devoted volunteers, blockaded the narrow out«1 m Sa ^ tia ?° harbor by sinking the collier Mernmac in the channel under a fierce fire from the shore batteries, escaping with their lives as by a miracle, but falling into the hands of the Spaniards. They were subsequently exchanged July 7. On June 10, under a heavy protecting fire, a landing of 600 marines from the Oregon, Marblehead and Yankee was effected in Guantanamo bay, where it veras fleet, followed by the capitulation of Santiago, having brought to the Spanish government a realizing sense of the hopelessness of continuing a struggle now become wholly unequal, it made overtures of peare through the French ambassador, who, with the assent of his government, had acted as the friendly representative of Spanish interests during the war. On the 26th of July, M. Cambon presented a communication signed by the Duke of Almodovar, the Spanish minister of state, Inviting the United States to state the terms upon which it would be willing to make peace The vague and inexplicit suggestions of the Spanish note could not be accepted, the only reply being to present as a virtual ultimatum a draft of protocol embodying the precise terms tendered to Srain in our note of July 30 with added stipulations of detail as to the appointment of commissioners to arrange for the evacuation of the Spanish Antilles. On Aug. 12, M. Cambon annpu- ^ed his receipt of full powers to sign the protocol so submitted. Immediately upon the conclusion of the protocol, I issued a proclamation of August 12 suspending hostilities on the part of the United States. On Dec. 1, 101,165 officers and men nad been mustered out and discharged from the srvice, and 9,002 more will be mustered out by the 10th of the month. Also a corresponding number of generals and general staff officers have been honorably discharged from the service. Owing to the difficulties in the way of removing the large numbers of Spanish troops-still in Cuba, the evacuation cannot be completed before January 1 next Pursuant to the fifth article of the protocol, I appointed William R. Day lately secretary of state, Cushman K' Davis, WiWam P. Frye and George Gray, senators of the United States and Whitelaw Reid, to be the peace commissioners on the part of the United States. ' Proceeding In due season to Paris they there met on October 1 five commissioners, similarly appointed on the part of Spain. Their negotiations have made hopeful progress, so .that I trust lations among themselves. NICARAGUA!* CANAL* The President Urges Dnfinlte Act lorn b Cong-re** Regarding n. The Nicaragua canal commission under the chairmanship of Rear A^ miral John G. Walker, appointed Tn, 24 1897 under the authS?Jt? of a So Tlsi °n in the sundry civil act of Jun 4 or tnat .ear, has nearly completec results of its ex position held the United States to take part in the conference. The clai-ns of owners of Amerlcpn sealing vessels for seizure by Rusian i» i u Its labors and the haustive inquiry into the proper route the feasibility and the cost of con struction cf an interoceanic canal by a Nicaraguan route, will be laid befor you. In the performance of its task the commission received all possible cour tesy and assistance from the govern m v nt u S? Nicaragua and Costa Rica which thus testified their appreciation of the importance of giving a speeds and practical outcome to the great pro ject that has for so many years en grossed the attention of the respective countries. As the scope of the recent inquiry embraced the whole subject with the aim of making plans and surveys foi a canal by the most convenient route necessarily Included a review of the ie- suits of previous surveys and plans and In particular those adopted by the Maritime Canal company under its ex- itsing concessions from Nicaragua and Costa Rica, so that to this extent those grants necessarily hold an essentia. part in the deliberations and conclusions of the canal commission, as they have held and must 5 needs hold in the discussion of the matter by the congress. Under these circumstances and in view of overtures made to the governments of Nicaragua and Costa Rica by other parties for a new canal concession predicated on the assumed approaching Upae of the contracts of the Maritime Canal company with those states. I have not hesitated to express my conviction that considerations of „, . International policy • «. * j-v it- sev « r *l governments interested it the construction and control of an interoceanic canal by this route require the maintenance of the status quo, until the canal commission shall have reported and the United States congress shall have had tae opportunity to pass finally upon the whole matter during the present session, without prejudice, by reason of any change in the existing conditions. Nevertheless, it appears that the government of Nicaragua, as one of its last sovereign acts : before expediency and as between the soon to be a pr ble to lay a defensive treaty of peace before the senate, with a review of the steps leading to its signature. Foltajr Not Dlieaised. I do not discuss at this time the gov- Its powers in those of the newly formed United States of Central America has granted an optional concession to another association, to become effective on the expiration of the present grant It does not appear what surveys have been made or what route "ia proposed under this contingent grant, so that an examination of the feasibility of its plans is necessarily not embraced in the report of the canal commission All these circumstances suggest the urgency of some definite action by the congress at this session;, ii the labors of the past are to be utilized and tLa linking of the Atlantic and Pacific oceans by i practical, water way is to be realized. : C 5 1 ?* i ' That the construcUpnjpf^jjuch a mar- Indispensable to tn^injffiafif 6 and ready intercommunication between our eastern and western ; seaboards demanded by the annexation of the Hawaiian islands and the prospective expansion of our InflueSee' and commerce in a e Pacific, and; that our na- to establish a had been determined naval station. First Force on Cuban Soil. This important and essential port was taken from the enemy after severe fighting by the marines, who were the first organied force of the United States to land in Cuba. The position so won was held despite desperate attempts to dislodge our forces. By June 16 additional forces were landed and strongly in- trenched. On June 22 the advance of the army under Major General Shatter at Da- quiri, about 15 miles east of Santiago was accomplished under great difficulties, but with marvelous dispatch. On June 23 the movement against Santiago vas begun. On the 24th the first serious engagement took place In which the First and Tenth cavalry ttnH tl\A ITtlfot TT«:*~,i CTA-.L-- *»•«*•! 7 treaty of peace shall be ratified. In the meantime and until the congress has legislated otherwise It will - duty to continue the military nents which have existed sinca ocupation and give to the people security in life and property and encouragement under a just and beneficent rule. As soon as we are in possession of Cuba and have pacified the island it will be necessary to give aid and direction to its people to form a govern- mejit for taemselves. This should be undertaken at the earliest possible moment consistent with safety and assured success. FAMILY OF NATIONS. cruisers in Bering sea are being pressed to a settlement The equities of t' case justify the expectation that the measure of reparation will eventuahr be accorded in harmony with precedent and in the light of the proven fact To Settln Boundary Line. The arbitrary tribune appointed under the treaty of Feb. 2, 1897, between Great Britain and Venezuela, to determine the boundary line between the latter and the colony of British Guiana, IB to onvene at Paris during the present month. 8 It is a source of much gratification to this government to see the'friendly resort of arbitration applied to the settlement of this controversy, not alone because of the earnest part we have had m bringing about the result but aiso because the two members named on behalf of Venezuela Mr. Chief Justice Fuller and Mr. Justice Brewer chosen from pur highest court, appropriately testify the continuing interest we feel in the definite adjustment of the question according to the strictest rules of justice. The British members, Lord Herschell and Sir Richard Collins, are jurists of no less exalted repute, while the flf.n M 6 w ^ a £ d P reald ent of the tribunal, M. F. De Martens, has earned a worldwide reputation as an authority upon international law. THE KKVKNUE8. A D»aclecc T of Orer a Hntidred Million* Expected Next Year. The secretary of the treasury reports t.hat tbe receipts of the government from all sources during the fiscal year ended June 30, 1898, including $64.751,223 received from sale of Pacific railroads, amounted to $405,321,335 and its expenditures $443,368,582. * i collected from customs ue $170,900.-64 a i nd O^d^b^imS oMsTlstcIo ^e 2 r 4 '?f e ' 4p7 r 9 e C e a dlng C y e e a a S , e and importations free of duty amounted to $291,414,175, a decrease froTthe preceding year of $90,524,068. Internal revenue receipts exceeded those of the preceding year by $24.212.067. The provisions made for strengthening the resources of the treasury m connection with the war has given increased confidence in the purpose and power of the government to main? i L n .. tb ; eJpr3seilt standard, and has established nore firmly than ever the national credit at home and abroad A marked evidence of this is found in the inflow of gold to the treasury its next gold holdings on Nov 1 1898' were $239,885,162, as compared with $153,573,147 on Nov. 1, 1897, and an^increase of n«t cash of $207,756,100 Nov 1, 1897, to $300,238,275^, Nov. 1 1898 The present ratio of net treasury gold to outstanding government liabilities, including United States rmt« rwrma 01 action, atto" to carry most powerful ordnance suitable to lels of their class. Betlmated cost, exclusive of armament, $1,141,800 each: I Join with the secretary of the navy In recommending that the grades ot admiral and vice admiral be temporarily revived to be filled by officers who have specially distinguished themselves In the war with Spain. About the Twelfth Gonna*. I earnestly urge upon congress the importance of early legislation providing for the taking of the twelfth census. This is necessary in view of the large amount of work which must be perform"d in the preparation of the schedules preparatory to the enumeration of the population. T Th e were on the pension rolls on June 30 1898, 993,714 names, an increase of nearly 18,000 over the number on the rolls on the same day of the preceding year. The amount appropriated by the act of Dec. 22, 1896 for the payment of pensions for the fiscal year of 1898 was $140,000,000. By ac of March 31, 1898, $8,070,842.46 was appropriated, to cover deficiencies in army pensions, and repayments In tha sum of $12,020.33, making a total of $148,082.892.79 available for tha pay^ e i898 f pensiona durin C the fiscal year a/nount disbursed from that sum 144.651,879.80, leaving a balance or ?3,431,6l2.M unexpend6d on the iOth of June, 1898, which was covered into tb « treasury. There were 389 names added to the rolls during the year by special acts passed at the extra se- sion of theFiifty-fifth congress, making a total of 6,486 pensioners by congressional enactments since 1861. The total receipts of the patent office during the past year were $1,253,948.44. The expenditures were $1,081,633.79, leaving" a surplus of $172.314.66. The public lands disposed of by the "'" * during the year reached ON THEVIESSAC! Public Men and Newspapers Freely Comment. WIDE DIFFERENCE IM VIEWS Republicans See No tiling but Good, While Democrats Find Fault. BBITISHERS AEE DISAPPOINTED, 8,453,896.92 acres, an increase of 6141780.26 acres over the previous year The total receipts from public lands during the fiscal year amounted to $2 277,995.18, an increase of $190 063 90 over the preceding year. I cannot too strongly Indorse the recommendation of the commission and of the secretary of the interior for the necessity of providing for tha education of the 20,000 white children resident in the Indian territory. For the Farmur*. The department of agriculture has been active in the past y*ar. Explorers have been sent to many of the countries of tbe eastern and western hemispheres for seeds and plants that may be useful to the United States and with the further view of opening up markets for our surplus products The forestry division of the department is. giving special attention to too ;reeless regions of our country, and la ntroducing species specially adapted to semi-arid regions. Forest fires, which seriously interfere with production, especially in ir •igated regions, are being studied that osses from this cause may be avoided. The alien contract law is shown by experience to need some amendment •"S u 8 , e T5 ra ^ . departrc«ntal report* will be laid before you. They give In great detail the conduct of the affair! of the government during the past nd discuss many questions upoa the congress may feel called upon to act WILLIAM M'KINLET. Executive Mansion, Dec. S,,J1.8$I. DISAPPEARED After Braining His Aeed Father-In-Law With an Ax. Bellefontaine, O., Dec. 6. — William nderwood, a mulatto, probably fatally K.IV.B, luviuumg <jiui.ea states note 1 ? • j ,-,,_ ------ * treasury notes of 1890, silver certifl- lnjured Charles Jackson, Sr., his aged , cates, currency certificates, c N ovi 8 9 8 w a2 oce as compared with 16.09 per cent Nofll 1, 1897. ' standard , father-in-law, by beating him over the aatchet Jackson made . 'That when any of the United States notes are presented for in , with . Underwood. Trouble arose between the two, and Underwood ^ StrUCk his father ' OTer the nead several times,he at once came down and Some of the Editor* Claim the Dncnmont Is Noncommittal on Vital QueUion*, aucl They Mourn tbe Abunnce of Any Allusion to Free Trade, While Others Have a Good Word For the President and the Country. London, Dec. 6.—There is a certain tone of disappointment in the morn- Ing paper editorials on President Mo- Kinley's message. Its non-committal character is attributed to the fact that the negotiations of the peace commissioners at Paris are not yet finished. The Daily News complains of the "ambiguity of the message on commercial and currency matters" and "the conspicuous absence of any allusion *o free trade." The Times says: "It is creditable to both the dignity and good sense of the American people that a message announcing the victorious ending of the great war, the acquisition of territory and the initiation of an imperialist policy is sober in tone and moderate in recommendations. The war has finally healed the half closed wounds left after the Titanic conflicts of the secession, and we hope it has exercised a healing influence to be felt even more widely and deeply in another direction. Not since England recognized the United States government power has an American president alluded to the mother country in language so cordial and friendly as Mr. McKinley's." The Dailj Chronicle also pays a tribute to the "sober, sound common sense and straightforward" language of the message, pointing ont that President McKinley's reference to the military occupation of Cuba virtually outlines a policy "precisely the same as that of Great Britain in Egypt and likely to have the same effect." Commenting upon "the president's surprising language concerning the Nicaragua canal, which utterly ignores British treaty rights," The Daily Chronicle says that this matter will arise ere long in a more acute form. The editorial highly approves Mr. McKinley's references to China and Great Britain. tor goid. holder only paid ont la exchan T »Hl te ff lt ? 1 7 1 2 111 ' duty of the United States note prefers the Cold and gets It from the government he should not receive . back from the government a United States note without paying gold in exchange for it. Demand For Currency Leg-Illation. Appeared. Dellenbaueh Talks. Cleveland, Dec. 6. — Judge F. E. Dellenbaugh, against whom charges were made by the bar association on Saturday in connection with the disbarment obvious demand for it ciate and wisely act upon. Interested In China. i J- 1 * 8 Un . ited States ha«y not been an — ~o u , c ,,„ UUI 1U im-e a indifferent spectator of the extraordin- money standard related, as our money HTV •vpnta trancnti*ln« ilw - *u~ .-11-1 a+nn/3a*.'1 1« »~ *l-_i _.• L «»*VJ.HT-J T* j 4 j. T. , . •* n"ii**^^t,*t_rti vricix me ujauarmeni .fftSn^A^^c^^ite rr inEs a rt state senat ° r required; on the contrary there is an ijurke - was on the bench as usual in his court. Before opening court Judge United States HUB Moon Friendly With All Except Spain. With the one exception of the rupture with Spain, the intercourse of the ary events transpiring M the Chinese empire, wr sreby portTqni of its maritime provinces are passing under the control of various European powers; but the prospect that;tne vast commerce which the energy of our citizen* and the necessity of our irtaple productions for Chinese uses baa built up in those regions may not be prejudiced through any exclusive treatment by the new occupants has obviated the need of our country becoming an actor in the scene. Our position among, nations, having a large Pacific coast and a constancy expanding direct trade "with the farther Orient, gives us the equitab'a claim to consideration', and friendly treatment in this regard, and it will , P rove his inno- is, to that of our commercial cence before any tribunal, and that he demand an an Ington, leaving the protection of Span- Cavalry General Young's brigade of ish interests In the United States to G JP n f ra / W £ eel # 8 di ™n participat- the French ambassador and the Aus- edillo8i .ng heavily. A HA TT j _ t . . •»—»• *.M« ^%UO Wv r\t crh+ fn 11 Km»-,-..»_ i ... tro-Hungarian minister. Simultaneously with its communication to the Spanish minister here, Gene ? a i, Woodford, the American minister at Madrid, was telegraphed confirmation of the text of the Joint resolution and directed to communicate it to the government of Spain with the formal demand that it at once relinquish its authority and government in- the island of Cuba and withdraw its forces therefrom, coupling this demand with announcement of the intentions of this government as to the future of the island, in conformity with the fourth clause of the resolution, and giving Spain until noon of April 23 to reply. Dlploinatlu Relation* Severed. That demand, although, as above shown, officially made known to the Spanish envoy here, was not delivered at Madrid. After the instruction reached General Woodford on the morning of April 21, but before he could present it, the Spanish minister bf state notified him that upon the president's approval of the joint rest- lutlon the Madrid government, regard- Ing the act as "equivalent to an evident declaration of war," had ordered Its minister in Washington to withdraw, thereby breaking off diplomatic relations between the two countries and ceaaiuc all official communication between taelr respective representa- -——m —- -—i — «*»^«» 11 ^i v» £i T cu U1U1, ~ J 4-U iVi j. TT * ™— — v» VM v,o> ¥ AII j - - -— »•—w • «*w* He thereupon withdrew from Wash- and , e V, irst United States volunteer i »nd the people of Austria-Hungary by .r*™ i^«i,,_ *u 1...X,... .,.""" eavairv a»nBr«i v™, n ~' 0 *,„< — *- --i rea8On O f jj, e a fflj c tj on that has befallen them in the assassination of the empress-queen of that historic realm. The Lattlmer Tragedy. On the 10th of September, 1897, a conflict took place at Lattimer Pa between a body, of striking miners and the sheriff of Luzerne county and his deputies, in which 22 miners were killed and 44 wounded, of whom 10 of the killed and 12 of the wounded were Austrian and Hungarian subjects. This deplorable event naturally aroused the solicitude of .the Austro?,"i"l ar JfA Eovernment, which, on the vui u T» »t,«i KJ|/C4*U f LUC 111 LCI UUU1 OtJ OI IIIG : tV • ™*M * •v^MX Mj 0,14.Vt IL « 111 United States with the great family i Detmy aim to subserve bur large inter- of nations has been marked with cor- * '" •"">"*«>" K....II diality, and the close of the eventful year finds most of the issues that necessarily arise in the complex relations of states adjusted or nearly so. The sympathy of the American peo- Dle has justly been offered to the ruler tive*. General respective representa- Woodford thereupon de- and quitted manded his passport* Madrid the same day. Spain having thus denied the demand of the United States and initiated that complete form of rupture of relations which attends a state of war, the executive powers authorized by the resolution were at once used by me to meet the enlarged contingency of actual war between sovereign states. On April 22 I proclaimed a blockade of the north coast of Cuba, including ports on said coast between Cardeaas and Bahia Honda and the port of Cienfuegos oa the south coast of Cuba; ana on tbe April 23 I called for volunteers to execute the purpose of the resolution. By my message of April 26 the congress was informed of the situation, and I recommended formal rf u>a axlatence of a itat» By night fall, however, ground within five milea of Santiago was won The advantage was steadily increase'! On July 1 a severe battle took place' our forces gaining the outworks of Santiago; on the 2d El Caney and San Juan were taken after a desperate charge, and investment of the city was completed. Tne navy co-operated by shelling the town and the coast forts. On the day following this brilliant achievement of our land forces, July 8, occurred the decisive naval combat of the war. Tae Spanish fleet, attempting to leave the harbor, was met by the American squadron under command of Commodore Sampson. In less than three hours all the Spanish ships were destroyed, the two torpedo boats being .sunk, and the Maria Teresa, Almirante Oquendo, Vizcaya and Cristobal Colon driven ashore. The Spanish admiral and over 1,300 men were taken prisoners, while tha enemy's loss of life was deplorably large, some 600 perishing. The capitulation of Santiago followed. On the 17th, General Shatter occupied the city. The capitulation embraced the entire eastern end of Cuba. The number of Spanish soldiers surrendered was 22,000, all of whom we'-e subsequently conveyed to Spain at the charga of the United States. Occupation of Porto Kloo. With the fall of Santiago the occupation of Porto Rico became the next strategic necessity. General Miles had previously been assigned to organize an expedition for that, purpose. Fortunately he was already at Santiago, where he arrived on July 11 with reinforcements for General Shafter's army. With these troops, consisting of 3.413 Infantry and artillery, two companies of engineers, and one company of the signal corps. General Miles left Guantanamo on July 21, having nine trana- P°rt8 convoyed by the fleet under Captain Higgfiison, with the Massachusetts (flagship), Dixie, Gloucester, Columbia and Yale, the two latter carrying troops. On July 27 he entered Ponce, one of the most important ports in the isTand, from which, ha thereafter directed QU- assumption that the wounding involved the killing and unjustiflaible misuse of authority, claimed reparation for the sufferers. Apart from the searching investigation and peremptory action of the authorities of Pennsylvania, the federal executive took appropriate steps to learn the merits of the case, in order to De In a position to meet the ureent complaint of a friendly power >JIn e i S H? r , lff ,, and hls de P ut ies, having been indicted for murder, were tried and acquitted after protracted proceedings and the hearings of hundreds of witnesses on the ground that the k"l- tbe of thelr official t,,i , to uphold law and preserve public order in the state. A representative of the department of Justice attended the trial and reported its course fully. With all the facts in Its possession this government expects to reach a harmonious understanding on the subject with that of Austria-Hungary, notwithstanding the renewed claim of the latter after learning the result of the trial for indemnity for its injured subjects. Events In Central America, The year's events in Central America desrve more than passing mention. A menacing rupture between Costa Rica and Nicaragua was happily composed by the signature of a convention between the parties, with the concurrence of tb« Guatemalean representative as a mediator, the act being negotiated and signed on board the Uait- ed States steamer Alert, then lying ia Central American waters. It is believed that the good office* of °£L* n J° 3r , and o« tn « commander of atifyngoutcoe In ua last Annual mesaac* the situ- ests in that quarter by; all means „,. propriate to the constant policy of our government The Paris Exposition. There is now every proepect that the participation of the United States in the universal exposition to be held ; n Paris in 1900 will be on a scale com- m£nsurate with the advanced position held by our products and industries in the world's chief marts, Our relations with Great Britain have continued on the most friendly footing. Assenting to pur request, the protection of Americans and their interests in Spanish jurisdiction was assumed by the diplomatic and consular representatives of rGeat Britain, who fulfilled their delicate and arduous trust with tact and zeal, eliciting high commendation. I may be allowed to make fitting allusion to the instance of Mr. Ramsden, her majesty's consul at Santiaigo de Cuba, whose untimt.y death after distinguished service aud untiring eJort during the siege of that city was sincerely lamented. It will give me especial satisfaction ir I shall be authorized to commui - cate to you a favorable conclusioin -f the pending negotiations with Gre_o Britain in respect to the Dominion of Canada. It is the earnest wish of the government to remove all sources of discord and irritation in our relation with the neighboring dominion. TKa trade between the two countries is constantly increasing, and it is impoi i- ant to bpth countries that all reasonable facilities should be granted for its development. HAWAIIAN ISLANDS. CongreM Aaked to Knaot Legislature For tbe Annexed Territory. Pending the consideration by tha x. of cbe treaty signed June 16, by the P'eniPOtentiaries of the T , ., United States and of the republic of Hawaii, providing for the annexation of the islac is, a joint resolution to accomplish th« same purpose by accepting th« offeriHl cession and operating the ceded t^n.tory Into the Union waa adopted by the congress and approved July 7, 1858. . I thereupon directed the United States ship Philadelphia to convey Rear Admiral Miller to Honolulu and intrusted to his hands this important legislative act, to be delivered to the president of the republic of Hawaii, w jth whom the admiral and the Un't- ed States minister were authorized to make appropriate arrangements for transferring the sovereignty of the islands to the United States. The president, officers and troops of tne renubllc therctuooo took tUo oatt r %corSSaVrSti Z o e n d -that our """'" ^^ ™ '™«««ion. It Is domestic paper currency shall be kept Underat °od that charges against Judge safe, and y.H be so related to the needs Blandin will be filed with the bar asso- or our industries and internal com- sive to SUCT needs, is a proposition scarcely less important. The subject. . subject in all its parts, is commended to the wise consideration of the congress. THE ARMY. Volunteer* to Be Muitered Ont Reg alar* Are Increased. Whe congress approved Will Stand Trial. Cleveland, Dec. 6.—Attorney John- Bon of the f rm of Hackney & Johnson, the Cleveland attorneys for ex-Mayor Frank Magowan and wife, who were recently brought here to stand trial upon the charge of kidnaping, and who the chlld ation of war by congress, or a declara- ' day nl S at - stated that he was confident tion by congress that war exists," I that Mr. and Mrs. Magowan would be ta . TV o the thorized in said act. of 62,000, au. The importance of legislation for the permanent increase of the army is therefore manifest, and the recommendation of the secretary of war for that purpose has my unqualified approval. There can be no question that at this time and probably for some time in the future, 100,000 men will be none top many to meet the necessities of the situation. At all events, whether that number shall be required permanently or not the power should be given to the president to en. 1st that force if, in his discretion, it should be necessary; and the turther discretion should be given him » m f °4 r J- h u- army within tne limit of the inhabitants of the islands •with the government of which we are charged. back In Cleveland next Monday, the time set for the hearing on the plea to abate tte indictment against them on the charge of child-stealing. For Einbeczlement. Cleveland, Dec. 6.—J. W. Perkins, son of the late postmaster at Collins, Huron county, and recently a member of the Fifth Ohio infantry, was arrested for embezzlement. He obtained $125 by draft on a. New York bank which had money to the crew of the postoffice department and hid hia crime temporarily by destroying the stubs of the drafts. Run Down on the Rail. Marietta. O., Dec. 6.—R. H. Brod- It Is iny purpose to muster out the ' field of Wl - ow Island, a wealthy farm- entire volunteer army as soon as the er and °i ] man, met with a shocking """ Pf. 0 .^?^ 1 " ^ejncrease death near here. He was walking on ver railroad track when a fast passnrr train struck him, severing his head from his body. He was congress » v ~ , * •- — ~ *^.. v*»*i njvjidiaa ucai.ii iitjur of the regular establishment. This will fhf> nhl ^ r - bo only an act of justice and will be much appreciated by the brave men who left their homes and employments to help the country in its emergency. PRESIDENT'S APPROVAL mangled almost beyond recognition. Given to Secretary Long's Roqueit For Increasing Navy. The following recommendations of the secretary of the navy relative to Association the increase of the navy have my earn- Assocjatlon est approval: 1. Three seagoing sheathed aad coppered ^battleships of about 13, A Protest. Cincinnati, Dec. 6.—Mr. Thomas P. Egan of this city, who was president of the first convention of the National of Manufacturers, who now sees a tendency to change it into an exporters' association, has written toST'trial displac^ent. drying the an "° Pen " letter P r ^sting against the heaviest armor and most'powerfnl ord- innov ation. nance for vessels of their class, and to have the highest practicable speed and great radius of action. Estimated cost exclusive of armor and armament if- 600,000 each. ' 2. Three sheathed and coppered armored cruisers of about 12,000 tons trial displacement, carrying 'the heaviest armor and most powerful ordnance for vessels of their class, and to have the highest practicable speed and great radius of action. Estimated cost, ex- and armament $4,- clusive of armor 000,000 each. S. Three sheathed and coppered protected cruuere of about 6,000 tons trial displaceme: t; to have the highest practicable spctd and great radius of action, and t* carry the most powerful ordnance suitable for vessels of tfceir class. Estimated cost, exclusive of armor and armament, $2,160,000 each. 4. Six sheathed and coppered oruls- ers of about 2,500 tons trial dtsplace- ment; to hr-ve the highest speed Qom- - wLh. good eruialo*. auaJUiej Attitude or the Pope. London, Dec. 6.— Mr. William T. Stead, editor of the Review of Reviews, who has just returned from the Vatican, gives an unqualified denial of all stories representing that the pope is hostile to the American policy regarding the Philippines. On the contrary, his holiness is ready to cooperate with the United States In restoring order there. Blown Into the River. Newburg, N. Y., Dec. 6.— During the storm the flagman's shanty on the West Shore railroad near the Storai King was b'own down into the Hudson river, carrying Flagman George White With It He was drowned. VIEWS CONFLICT. How Representatives and Senator* Size Up the Meftgaye.' Washington, Dec. 6.—A majority of the Republican senators were willing to express themselves in a few words of commendation of the president's message. S'enator Platt of New York commended the expression of a determine- "8 tlon to Increase the standing'army af*"^ to maintain order in' Cuba until tL Cubans can take care of themselves^ Senator Wolcott said it was an admirable document Senator Lodge said it was "able and excellent." Senator Foraker: "A good representation of facts, generally, but a little indefinite on the question of Cuban independence." Senator Proctor: "A good American paper." Senator Perkins: "An able resume of the situation and of the facts leading up to the war." Senator Jones (Ark.) found in the message a number of points which did not accord with his views. One of these was to continue the volunteer army in existence until the standing army con be increased. "Some of us do not favor the increase of the stand-r ing army," he said, "and the president has no right to assume that a majority stand with him on that proposition." Senator Jones interpreted the president's expression upon the finances as a pronouncement for the gold standard and for the retirement of the greenbacks, and said that he did not believe that anything like a majority of the American people would indorse him in this respect. Senator Teller said there would bo disappointment over the failure of the president to outline a government for the Philippines, saying: "There will be some disappointment in this, for I think the understanding has been that the president would indicate what form of government should be provided for these new possessions. But it is wise for the president not to indicate his views on that subject, for that is purely and properly a legislative question, and one that should be left to congress.'" Of the recommendations in regard to currency, Senator Teller said: "The friends of bimetallism, either national or international, will find no encouragement from anything that the president says in his message. No reference is made to international bimetallism, but the president in the mo«t emphatic way indicates his intention to maintain the gold saudard." Weai-j- of Lifn. Lebanon, Pa., Dec. 6.—Harry 8. Irvine of Glcnrock, York county, Pa., a preparatory student at Albright college, this county, and a son of Rev. A. H. Irvine, providing older of tha Baltimore district of the United Kvan- gelical church, committed aulclde by taking strychnine. The cause of tha suicide is not knuwn. WATEK Fulnous One Huridrml Girl* In M Kentucky Orphunn' Hume. Versailles, Ky., Dec. 0. — One hundred girls, inmates of the Cleveland female orphann' homo, this city, together with the matron, Mm. Mary Bradford, and Mrs. Katd Vaniiei veer, music tencher, are in a urecarloua condition, having been poiaoued. PbyHl- clans have not yet yet decided bow they were poisoned, but think it wan from driiikiug water that bad been standing !». lead pipag. children may die. Some of tit*

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