Independent from Long Beach, California on January 24, 1975 · Page 31
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Independent from Long Beach, California · Page 31

Long Beach, California
Issue Date:
Friday, January 24, 1975
Page 31
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When farms ran on mttscle power ' ' · . · . , · · ' . · - . .· " . . , - . . · · . ' . ' - ' . . ' , rj . ^^P, .. . . './, Ridder News Service - DUIAJTH, Minn. - It is possible to live, with only a minimal amount of machine-produced energy, but it isn't'very much fun. Back in the 1930s and earlier, a lot of people did, and it's a safe bet- no surviving participants would want to do it again. Certainly, there were compensations,-but for the .thousands living on farms in the wooded part of the Upper Midwest, life was something straight out of the 19th century. A TYPICAL Northern Minnesota farm might be populated with one or more people, a dog or dogs, a cat or cats, some horses, and in most cases; a herd of cows. The most important cash crop was usually cream/with potatoes and sometimes oats in the picture. And almost everything that moved was moved either by people or horses. The only exceptions were that most had a caf, and almost everyone hired the services of a buzz-saw owner to cut up the firewood that previously had been cut by hand and hauled in with horses. Consider a typical day -- about this time of the year: The first person up hi the morning, usually the woman of the house, threw chunks of wood on the coals hi the heating stove -- if there were any coals -- or built a new fire from scratch. Then a fire was built in the cook stove in the kitchen, with coffee the next order of business. ABOUT Tins TIME, the rest of the household Started crawling out from under a layer of about four heavy quilts. Sometimes the smart ones put on their underwear -- the long, usually woolen variety -- and their,socks, of the same general description, while still in bed. The ones that didn't had mighty cold feet ··· · ,·;·· :' · - ^····v-.-^ Then a minor sort of parade started tb a little house that looked something like a telephone booth, located a substantial distance from t h e house. : ' , ' · ; . By this time, the water, in the reservoir of the cook stove had warmed up enough to wash in, and that duty was performed. Most stoves had a reservoir on the opposite end from the fire box, and. most had a warming oven -- above the cooking surface a couple of feet -- warmed by heat from the chimney. THEN, DEPENDING on the philosophy of the head of the house, either breakfast was eaten or the cows milked. Usually it was most convenient to eat first, so breakfast dishes could be washed while the cream was being separated. A dozen or so cows can produce quite a volume of milk, and with ' transportation the way it was, most creameries wanted the product in the form of cream, used mostly for butter. The heat ,used by most small, country creameries came mostly from popple wood, which, when dry, burns mighty quick and hot. There probably aren't many cream separators left in this part of the world, but in the 30s they were a very important adjunct to any dairy farm. The most popular seems to have been the DeLavals. These were cranked by hand and if memory serves, were a miserable thing to clean. The internal mechanism consisted of a stack of discs which had to be washed like dishes. Medicine and you By BEJV KINSER Medical-Science Editor If one of your teeth hurts while chewing or grinding, it may be fractured, an Air Force dentist says. "A common but frequently frustrating problem of dental practice is the diagnosis and treatment of cracked teeth or the incomplete tooth fracture," says Col. David J. Bales of Davis-Monthan Air Force Base hi Arizona. Fractured teeth are a common problem often caused by excessive stress placed on teeth during chewing, he says. The problem also occurs with sudden biting pressures exerted on a small hard object such as a bit of bone or hard candy, he adds. ' Incomplete fractures can also be caused by bruxism -- grinding of the teeth. The incomplete fracture differs considerably from the normal fracture where usually the entire cusp of a tooth is broken off and the injury can be readily identified by the dentist. In an incomplete fracture, fine cracks develop in the enamal (outer layer of tooth structure) or through the dentin (second layer) alone, or in combination. Incomplete fractures may occur in decayed as well as in restored · teeth. These cracks may extend further and endanger'the tooth pulp or nerve and can even affect the surrounding gum tissues. Symptoms of an incomplete fracture range from vague discomfort to piercing pain in the affected tooth. A patient's complaint of pain when chewing or clenching his teeth is a chief indication. Treatment can involve splinting together of the remaining tooth structure or in more severe cracks the placement of full or partial crowns over the injured tooth, Dr. Bales says. · · · A noted medical authority says that some doctors seem to have forgotten t h a t sodium salicylate can be used to treat inflammatory arthritis. Sodium salicylate appears to' have about the same anti-inflammatory action as aspirin, says Dr. Armand J. Quick of Medical College of Wisconsin in Milwaukee. But aspirin is more likely to cause internal bleeding than is sodium salicylate. Consequently, arthritis patients who can't tolerate aspirin should be given a trial on sodium salicylate, says Dr. Quick in the Journal of the American Medical Association. . ' , · · ·" A new study of families with natural and adopted children shows that the risk of high blood pressure and obesity is influenced by heredity rather than environmental factors in the home. A researcher with the University of Montreal says the finding is based on a study of 274 families in the 'Montreal area. Each family had at least one adopted child. All, told, the study group included 129 natural and 379 adopted children. Only the natural children tended to resemble their parents in blood pressure and weight, according to a report in Medical World News. - · · · The drug cephalexin is effective in preventing recurrences of infection of the urinary tract if taken each night over a period of.time, a doctor reports. Success with the compound, also known as Reflex, is reported by Dr. K. F. Fairley of the Royal Melbourne Hospital in Melbourne, Australia. THIS DUTY was usually left to the distaff side while the remaining members were either cleaning the barn or pumping water or feeding the cows. ' Almost every worker has had a boss at some time that he particularly disliked. Cows can be a worse boss than any human short of Simon Legree. No matter how hot or cold the weather, no matter what the celebration the night before, no matter what -- the cows had to be milked and taken care of twice a day, seven days a week. The Organic fertilizer. deposed by the cows in a sort of trough or gutter molded into the concrete barn floor.was shoveled by hand -with the use of a manure fork, of course -- into a carrier, a kind of trolley arrangement that took the stuff out to the manure pile back of the barn. AS TIME AND circumstances permitted, the manure was loaded onto a wagon or a spreader and moved to the fields. The wagon involved was usually one with loose boards on the bottom so that when the wagon was nearly empty, the boards could be stood on edge and the wagon cleaned rather effectively. But most manure got out of the wagon the same way it got in --. via a fork. Some of the more affluent used manure spreaders, mechanically arranged to spread the stuff by a kind of reel with forks on it which, when engaged, would turn as the horses walked forward. COWS HAVE A definite preference for certain kinds of hay. As one colleague put it, "wild hay they go for like I go for outmeal for breakfast. But clover and alfalfa must taste to them like pancakes and maple syrup do to me." Making hay was no bargain ei-. ther. "Tame" hay, like .timothy, redtop and clover, was grown on land that had been plowed at one time or another and was reasonably fla ! .. That wasn't so bad. But wild hay usually was harvested from land that was swampy, rocky, and full of stumps. Some grew in places so rough it had to be cut by hand, with a scythe, rather than w i t h a horse-drawn mowing machine. Once the hay was cut, by whatever method, and dried sufficiently, it was imperative that it be brought in, either to the barn or to stacks, before it rained. On some of those long, hot summer days eight hours was just a start, particularly if it looked like rain. But back to wintertime. The diet was reasonably good, though sometimes a little monotonous. MANY FARMERS kept a couple of pigs, fed mostly with skim milk and slaughtered late in the fall. Some of this pork was smoked in a smoke-house and some was kept in a cellar -- the kind with the slanting doors you opened from outside the house and were good for kids to slide down -- so meat was not a problem. Big, meaty chickens also figured prominently in the diet. On a cow farm, gravy for potatoes was often dispensed with. Cream and salt and pepper tasted better anyhow. In between taking care of the livestock, whiter was the time when wood, either firewood or for saw logs, was cut and hauled. Entertainment was scarce. After the evening chores were done, people read a little while or played cards but went to bed rather early. Very little in the way of petroleum products was used -- enough gas for the car, which traveled maybe 30 or 40 miles a week -- arid a little bit of gas for the Coleman lanterns, and small amounts of kerosene for lamps. Economically, this was a good thing. Cream in those days sold by its butterfat content. The value of the cream in a cream can was determined by how many, pounds of It's inner-man that counts One reason that so-called "political" issues don't resolve themselves so easily is that many of them are not basically political at all, but psychological. And there is no accurate, objective, scientific way to measure and evaluate psychological factors in political life. Like the nomination of Nelson Rockefeller for vice president. Is the man "qualified"? Assuredly he is, on the practical level; he may even be over-qualified for the nothing job that consists mainly in sitting around waiting for reports from the President's physician. PERSONALLY, I can't-stand the man (hiyuh, fella!), and it has nothing to do with his politics, whatever they may be from year to year. The Old Right oppose him because he is "liberal," and the New Left oppose him because of Attica. I think these oppositions cancel each other out; he has been whatever he has found it expedient to be at any given moment. It is considered somehow "unfair" to attack a public man on the personal level - but the personal level is precisely what is decisive t . in the way an office-holder approaches his job. Nixon was technically qualified to be president, in a professional sense; personally and morally he wasn't qualified to run a shelter for stray animals. It is impossible to separate the character and temperament of a Sydney Harris man from the competence he brings to his task; competence is most dangerous in a bad man. I am not suggesting, or insinuating, that Rockefeller is a "bad" man in the sense that Nixon assuredly is one. But, in my view, he is a dangerous man in a different way - headstrong, stubborn, ambitious, imperious, militaristic, and dumber than anyone with his background and education has a right to be. Most people who approve or disapprove of him do so because of their political perception of his position, but I'don't happen to think that is nearly as important ( as his psychological makeup. His 'Attica blunder was less a political judgment than a shocking display of insensitivity and ignorance -- and as oblivious to morality as his testimony before the House committee, admitting that he hadn't realized n u w giving such large sums of money to his subordinates might unduly influence their behavior. I THINK the American people are finally fed up with the political professionals -- proficient as they might be -- and are desperately looking for the old-fashioned thing called "character," regardless of which party it manifests itself in. (In the recent election, the decisive winners were mostly ofl-beat and independent candidates, not parly hacks.) There really was no objective reason to refuse Rockefeller the confirmation as vice president; a deficient moral sense is not something you can calibrate on a chart. But it is what counts most in the end. b'utterfat it contained. The value of butter in a grocery store and the value' of butterfat was about the same, perhaps 30 cents a pound in the early 30s. A gallon of gasoline cost about the same, so there wasn't much percentage in burning a lot of it. ELECTRICITY -- via the REA -- didn't come in until the middle 30s; before that it was strictly for city folks. Radios were few and far between and inconvenient, as well as expensive. They ran off a storage battery that continually kept needing charging, and rather expensive "b" batteries. But, come spring, the fishing was good if there was time for it. Many a ton of suckers was speared and fed to the pigs at that time of year. \ For better or for worse, the world has changed incredibly since then. There was not a great deal of difference in life on a cow farm in 1930 than the same existence in 1900, except that the automobile had taken over the function of the horse and buggy. But in the 30 or 40 years that followed, more changes took place than in the preceding century, which is why we are so dependent on petroleum products. But even with gas at 50 cents a gallon, a gasoline-powered front- end loader is a lot easier to run than a manure fork. George Robeson In the council race, he jogs Will Rogers Says . .'. "Did you see where Congress already has over 1,000 bills introduced in there? They got 'em in there for everything from birth control to mass production. "One fellow from Indiana contributed a bill to do away with 'slugs' in beating vending machines. Another fellow, from New York, introduced a bill to stop war. Now that's an original idea! Another representative wants a bill to stabilize money. Bills to build over 300 bridges are in there. Nothing beats a bunch of bridges as a national graft. '"And then they ask me: 'Will, where do you get y o u r jokes from?'" April 28,1929 THERE IS A POLITICIAN in (he latest and biggest race for the Long Beach C i t y Council who wants to "give you a run for your money." Many politicians have done just that, -but we citizens never quite caught up with them. , This one is .Dale Dykema, 44, running in the Fifth District. The only reason I mention hitn^is because of his gimmickry. In an election that would easily have reached 100 candidates if (he filing date had been extended a couple of weeks, it is no surprise to come up with a few gimmicky runners. R u n n i n g is Dykema's bag. He jogs. And so he intends to jog 100 or 150 miles between now and the middle-of-March primary election to raise campaign funds. I talked to his 21-year-old son, Rick, who said that the whle idea , of the jogging was "to get little amounts pledged, per mile by a lot of average people, rather than get a few big contributions from a few rich people." Which, he added, was "a very unusual campaign policy for a Republican." GOP will get you for that, Rick. It reminded me of a guy who walked for city office, instead of running. It was Harold E. Perkins, now 60, who is competing for the third time in about 15 years for the Seventh District council chair. In his first bid for the City Council, Perkins complained about the bus service in Long Beach, and claimed he could Walk from a West Side intersection to the Douglas Aircraft plant and beat the bus. HE WALKED FROM Santa Fe Avenue and Wardlow Road to what is now the McDonnell-Douglas Corp. front gate at Lakcwood and Carson in 41 minutes. · "I beat the bus," he said. He won't walk this year. His only g i m m i c k is driving around in an "ancient Oldsmobile. But his theory on holding d o w n a City Council position is worth noting. "I'm in the construction business, and I still swing a 28-ounce hammer," he said. "I guess I can manage a swivel-chair." A friend of mine is running in the Fifth District. His name is Dale, too, but he is not the one who is jogging. He climbed firefighters' ladders in his city career. Two friends are running in the Seventh District, but they do not walk to beat the bus. I trust that these friends of mine will not consider this column an endorsement of their opponents. The only reason my friends are not mentioned in the column is because they don't do anything funny. THE WORLD keeps changing,, traditions topple, and I feel older. Another tradition toppled recently, and I'm just sick about it. The n e x t ' issue of Family Circle Magazine . will tell you that the Royal Canadian Mounted Police has inducted its first group of women constables. When I was a little kid, the first costume I got as a Christmas gift was not a cowboy suit. It was a full Mountie uniform, Sam Browne pis- 'tol belt and all. The red tunic. A . . Smokey the Bear hat. Black puttees. A good friend of my father's was a Mountie. He came home to Nova Scotia from the northwest for a short period of lighter duty after he had been hit in the arm with an ax by a lumberman he had been' sent to arrest. He found the lum- ' berman in the bar and told the man he was under arrest and the guy sunk the ax into the Mountie's arm. "What did you do then?" my father asked. "Took him i n t o custody, of course" the Mountie said, "in accordance with my written orders." Of Course. What's a little old ax in ,' the arm, anyway? According to the u p c o m i n g ; magazine article, the new Mama- Mounties are to be provided with "slacks and other snug attire, on . parity with men." Depending on how "snug" the." slacks are, the ladies may well live up to the Mounties' famous motto:' "We Always Get Our Man." Best of press LIFE IS REALLY more what you make it than what you make.-Courier, Waterloo, la. ANYONE who thinks he knows ; all the answers isn't up tp date on . the questions.--Tribune, Chicago. SWEET YOUNG THING: I like men with blue eyes and green ,.· backs.--Spotlight, San Diego. THE TROUBLE with being a'"' leader today is that you can't be sure whether people are following:, or chasing you.--News, Savannah. · . GET TO KNOW. AND YOU WILL PROBABLY FIND HE I S A LOT LIKE YOU. He's a husband, father, taxpayer . . . and above all a fellow human being who shares most of your concerns, dreams and ambitions. Sure. . . He's a COP! But. . . remember, He's working for all of us. Protecting our loved ones. He is also protecting our property and enforcing our laws to assure us our safety. 10 be rruiy eneciive . . . neneeab^ui ici^ . . . He neeas our co-operation. mottell's MORTUARY 909 EAST THIRD STREET AT ALAMITOS LONG BEACH TELEPHONE 436-2284

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