A -INDEFÂ£NOENT EDITORIAL Â·Miss Tyler and the 5th L P. McLENDON, special counsel for the Senate Rules Committee in its investigation of the lives and times of Bobby Baker, this week touched on a fact which would seem to invalidate the use of the Fifth Amendment by witnesses in hearings of this kind. After hearing Baker's secretary. Nancy Carole Tyler, read a statement in which she invoked the protection of the Fifth, McLendon said: The committee joins you in your appeal that the public withhold judgment on you. You are not on trial, and never have been. There have been no criminal allegations against you." The committee, he explained has been assigned to see if new laws are needed to govern the activities of Senate employes: in carrying out its assignment, it is questioning former and present Senate employes, "and you are a former employe." Obviously McLendon was trying to put on the record the difference bc- Iwccn a congressional hearing of this lype and the criminal proceeding men- lioned in the Filth Amendment. The Constitution simply says that a man shall not be compelled to testify against himself in a criminal case. It doesn't say anything about congressional hearings, which are not, of course, criminal cases. However, defiant witnesses have thrown the Fifth Amendment into the face of elected American representatives for years and been supported by Supreme Court in- tcrpretations. The Fifth Amendment is just one instance in which the clear language of the Constitution has been twisted into meanings which probably were not intended. Obviously, the Constitution is no better than the thinking of a given Supreme Court on the subject in question at a particular time. As for Miss Tyler, she denies being guilty of any legal or moral wrongdoing. In that case, what is there to keep her from answering, in either a congressional hearing room or a court of law, questions about the dealings of Bobby Baker? A Good Public Servant SERVICE OF elected public officials is too often taken for granted. They get public attention during a policy controversy or an election campaign, but the steady day-by-day work of a good public sen-ant receives little ap- peciative interest. Long Beach friends and admirers cf County Supervisor Burton Chace are planning an exception to this rule. He is to be honored for 30 years of dedicated public service at a luncheon 31 the Elks Club next Tuesday. Chace's public service began at the school board level in Ihe early 'thirties. He later became a member of the City Council, served two terms as mayor, and was appointed supervisor of the Fourth District in 1932. He has twice been reflected to this important post and he is the only Long Beach man ever to serve as a county supervisor. As supervisor, Chace has made an enviable record. In the inevitable policy clashes on the board he has taken strong positions, still retaining the friendship and respect of those with whom he disagreed. His career on the board has been marked by both courage and fairness. Chace has performed many services of benefit to Long Beach, the largest city in his district. He led the long campaign that produced the County building in the municipality's civic center. Currently he is involved in a major issue over the form of health services here which may result in a saving of a million dollars annually for local taxpayers. All of these things call for a hearty showing of appreciation at the March 3 luncheon, a no-host public event for which tickets can be obtained at the Chamber of Commerce. Shades of Frank Sinatra A PRIM MOTHER was giving her daughter a scolding for Beatle- tnania when grandmother silenced her by saying: "I knew a girl once who went around wailing. 'Frankie, oh Krankie!'" There was no one present to reveal grandmother's passion for Rudolph Valentino. What causes Ihese waves of mass ccstacy to sweep through Ihe young female population from time to time? It represents a very deep need in human nature. It has taken many forms, depending on Ihe cultural values of the eras. The objects of adoration tend to symbolize the opposite of the accepted ideal of the day. The playful, mop- headed Beatles are Ihe antithesis of the serious, flat-topped junior execu- tive. Krank Sinatra, who was painfully slim, wistfully sad and 4-F during the war, was very unlike the muscular, swaggering troops who were the ideal young men of that day. And the Valentino with his slave bracelets and romantic stance was very unlike the brash young money-makers of the 1920s. Perhaps it is necessary for young girls to reveal with anguished squeals . that they know there are values beyond those which have received the official endorsement of their parents. A briefcase and an assured future, or in an earlier era, a rife and no future at all, are not absolute criteria of manhood. Fortunate is Ihe woman and wise the parent who never quite forgets this (ruth. TOWN MEETING .Sjiaralr M a n u a l for A*lrnnant*? EDITOR. One reads in the newspapers of astronauts buying an expensive motel and of one buying i n t o a bank. Some of these men are serv- K e m f n on active duty. When I was a young m j n in the service, one rjf the first things w e u r r e told was that we were rt al lowed to tnfjfe n any activities ih.it might prrfsiMy deprive ar.vnne r.M in the service of a j*Y A musicijn on his leisure time CfiulJ not pUy in any iivilun hand rr orchestra. JV-me union musician might be deprived nf a job. In Pearl Harbor we had a wrestler, but he was forbidden to wrestle in any of the civilian arenas unless it was * military event. We were also told thatÂ»e should never write to any Senators, Congressmen. Assemblymen and that if we did our record in Washing- ion would lie marked PI meaning Political Influence. I have teen r.n the retired list for five it six yeart. but I im rx.t sure that I triouM te wntirg this. When I w Â» i a First Sergeant stationed at the lljrine Corps Base in Sjn Diego, my wife and her sister bought a small cafe. My company commander called me in his office and read to me from the Marine Corps Manual the part about not engaging in competition w i t h civilians Mj)be the rules have hern rrUvcd since Ihen R W. WHKINS I .TOO K-.dfn Rjin Raid OliÂ»Â«r ArlirJr on JFK Miamrful EDITOR: The articie hy Prof. Kev ilo P. Oliver f the classics department at Ihe University cf Illinois about our late beloved President Kennedy was shameful. Up to this lime 1 thought the Juhn Birch Society had some real pood points, but this ankle finishes me forever w i t h any nf their views. Why pick on a dead man, who can't tilk back? Oliver Kid better lake i food Jook at himself and If I lii? conscience be his guide. M A R Y G N U r R 1315 Mira Mar Ave. HARRIS DREW I'KAUSON Alabama's White Minority j Improving Race Relations PEARSON AUBURN, Ala. -- When you get off the plane at Columbus. Ga, en route to Auburn University, the first thing you see is a large signboard which reads: "Impeach Chief Justice Earl Warren and save the repub- IicT " . . The sign is% p a i n t e d in* striking colors, obviously an expensive job and below in bold letters is the sponsor! n g sign a t u re: "The J o h n Birch Society." One of the next things you see on the streets of Columbus is a teenager in a Eeatle wig. The Beatles that very same day had finished their tour of the USA and arrived back in London. Fads travel fast. But at Auburn, things had changed. Not only is the Negro student, H a r o l d Franklin, going about his business without a bodyguard and without insult, but the student leaders of Auburn h a v e shown such courage in thumbing their noses at Gov. George Wallace's highhanded racial policies that he has put at least four of them on his black list. Sf n. (J .Man nf C EDITOR: II. Mircusscn's letter trÂ» the editor in the feb. 18 ivsue r.f the Press-Telegram was a personal attack upon Mr. Goldwater's courage. As a mjtttr cÂ»f fact. Goldwater is a crnirageous fighting man. Because tit a knee i n j u r y sustained playing foot rail, he had to arrange for the intervention of both An/no.1 Senators daring WrirM War II in order to g a i n assignment to active Â«'uty in the witU conflict. He is a Major General in the Air force and currently maintains his license to fly the fastest jets. Mr. Marcussen apparently fails (9 realize that honor means a lot to true Americans and that they m u l t stand for principle and for Ihe right, in order to main- lain that hwior; that if fne compromises one's p r i n- ciples. such compromise tn- evitaMy encourages Ihe forces of evil and creates a m o r e formidable day of rÂ«koning. (MRS) KOI IIS R SIROtn (fjV Long Beach Blvd. THE GOVERNOR, in addition lo taking time to speak all over the 49 states outside Alabama and running for president in some of them, also has time lo keep a list of so-called subversives. Their chief crime has been opposing his views of race relations, and the chief criminals at Auburn are Harry Wilkinson, editor fÂ»f the hard-hitting university paper. "The Plainsman"; Diane Snoddy of Huntsville. his associate editor, Bobby Boettcher who comes from Texas and is one of the Plainsman's columnists, and John Jeff en, son of the Baptist minister who fearlessly preaches betf.T racial relations and. wtio. despite a lot of criticism, preaches to the largest number f t people in Auburn every Sunday--wilh one possible exception. The one possible exception is Rev. Powers McLcod. a Methodist who h a s also bucked the policies of Governor Wallace and is high on his black list. Â· * * Â» ALL OF THIS prints lo the fact there is a courageous white minority in Alabama which dares buck Ihe Ku Klux Kin. t h e White Citizens Councils and ruthless segregationists led by Governor Wallace. To say that this minority is courageous ii an urderstate- nvr.t. It actually takes courage of a heroic brand to stand out against the majority. Rev. McLeod. for instance, was abused and excoriated when he had the firj,t Negro student in history. Harold Franklin, stop by his office en route to his first class at Auburn. Real purpose was to make sure no gun had been planted in Franklin's baggage--which would have given university authorities an excuse to throw him out. Franklin attended his first day of classes without mishap, partly because Bill Van Dyke, giant all-star guard on Auburn's football t e a m . came up to him. stuck out his hand and said: "I'm glad to have you here." For befriending Franklin. Rev. McLeod has had pressure from some members of his congregation to leave town. At one point opposition became so intense that he called his wife and children together for a family conference, fearing life had become too disagreeable for his children. The decision was summarized by his son Lewis. "Daddy." he said, "I want you to stay here until they run you away." McLeocTs brother Fletcher, also a Methodist minister, has received threats from the Klan. The first threat come when he w-as preaching at Brewton, Ala , and a warning voice came over the phone: "Preacher, you've been out mixing with the niggers. We're gonna burn a cross in front of your church," "I'll be glad to have the publicity," McLeod replied. The second warning came in the form of a threatened whipping party. "Be sure lo bring at least three men.TM said the Methodist preacher. "Why?" asked the Klansman. 'Because I've got t*o barrels on my shotgun and I'll take rare of the first two." T h e Central Methodist Church in Montgomery also showed courage when it in- vitrd Auburn's Negro student to speak. Two of Governor Wallace's p r i v a t e snoops were in the congregation with tape recorders to report to the governor what he said. Asked afterward w h a t Franklin had talked about. one of them replied in a tone of disgust: "Oh. he only talked about God ~ God is pretty hard even for Governor Wallace to fight in the Bible belt l Alabama. STRICTLY PERSONAL Sons pi Famous Perpetual-Juniors By SYDNEY J. HARRIS Â·" Purely Personal Â· Prejudices: Sons of, faaious or distinguished men generally tend to lock much younger thaa they are far into middle age; a father w1x is a celebrity fives a son aa expression of perpetual "juBJorship." ; The real trouble with success is that while it doesn't. necessarily sitisfy a man. it keeps him from being satisfied with anything less, it is no accident that so many women who think they yearn for a man to dominate them have married men they can twist around their fingers: for the fantasy of being dominated allows them to conceal from themselves their deep fear and resentment of being permanently subjected to such a relationship in real life. * * * WHEN AN APPLICANT for a housekeeping job describes herself as a "plain cook" one may be sure she is not exhibiting modesty, but exuding optimism. Speaking of cm'-tin?, I have always been fond of that essentially Gallic question put by Brillat-Savarin: "You first parents of the human race ... who ruined yourselves for in apple, what might you not have done for a truffled turkey?" The gift for teaching trust be accompanied by '-is passion for learning: the essential differcnre betweÂ«i a pood and bad teacher Itts not so much in their dispsrÂ»te intellectual qualities as in their "openness" or "closcdnes*" to further knowledge on their own parts. Both pride and shame of ancestry are merely opposite sides of Ihe same vice: the unwillingness to accept onÂ»self as an individual, and to draw out of the past only those things which serve uÂ« in becoming more of what we are. and not those which serve its only as a means o! Â«c!f- congratulation or self-contempt. * * * ANYONE CONCERNED--and all Americans should be--with the dwindling natural resources in our country, and the effoils of a small band of conservationists to combat the forces of \vaste and greed, should read "The Qaiet Crisis," a recent book by Secretary of the Interior Udall. which is "dedicated to the proposition that men crast grasp completely the relationship between hur.ian stewardship and the fullness of the American earth." j Of all crackpots, the "realist crackpot" is perhaps the most dingerous; all he can see is what is in front of his rose, wtcn our most pressing need happens to be a device for seeing arrun1 the sharp corners of tomorrow and tomorrow. YIIIG1MA KELLY Russia's Position Vital to Major Decision on Viet Nam C a r e f u l , unhurried reflection based on thousands of facts, factors and contingencies must be the plan of President Johnson, all of his sdvisers. the Congress and the citizens in consider- in; our course i n Vietnam and S o u t h east A s i a . The P r e s i d e n t , o f course, bears the great bur- KELLY den for he, and only he, makes foreign policy. With wisdom. President Johnson is well a\vzre of this and is moving methodically to evaluate the situation. Something is in the wind between Russia and Red China It will be advantage- fÂ«is to us to watch that development before we radically change our procedures in South Vietnam. Americans should remember, however, t h a t Red China and Red Russia have never differed on their dedication to world conquest but only in what way it can be achieved, and in how Jong it will lake. If South Vietnam is de- voured by the communists. all of Southeast Asia will follow. Then India will be the next to go. Americans must search their souls and we must ask. do we care and what are we prepared to do about it? Some of our best military strategists say the war in Vietnam can be won if Americans are realistic. The terrain Is difficult. It is cruel, hard, dirty war. It may take a generation or longer to win the war. It wilt take money. It will take careful planning, training and indoctrination cf South Vietnamese to fight village ly village. Over the years, it will cost may American lives. Discussing these factors, one of our country's top military men said. "Wars are won by a series of small actums--provided there is not an atomic halocaust."* -Some members of the Senate have t/d this reporter that they do not have a dear picture of what is happening in South Vietnam and they are concerned over rumors cf conflict between U-S. Ambassador Lodge and our military field commanders in South Vietnam. Strictly Business needs to know military.se- crets to realize t h a t the United States has contin- Â· gency plans for a U.5. Naval blockade; an air blockade; air strikes and other measures against North Vietnam. Red China's Air Force is said to be in great need of ' aviation gasoline and other war necessities. Nevertheless, some United States senators think that strikes against N o r t h Vietnam would b r i n g reprisals against South Vietnam by the Chinese Reds. The complexity of the situation calls for calm deliberation. Much may depend on Russia's stand. QUOTES Â· r UÂ«ktt Prtil HtÂ«rMÂ«iÂ«tjl MIAMI BEACH -- Barney Felix, referee cf the Sonny Listun-Cassius Cljy heavyweight title fight, disclosing he almost awarded the lout to Listnn a f t e r the fourth round: "1 jelled. 'Dammit Clay, get out here! If he hadn't moved in a second--and I m e a n one second--I had . made up my mind to stop the bout and a w a r d the fight to Liston on a TKO."* PRESIDENT de Gaulle's recognition of R e d China and his suggestion for neutralization of Vietnam has harmed our position there. Senator Mansfield's praise of General de Gaulle's suggestion of neutralization and Mansfield's recommendation of a similar condition for Cambodia and even Thailand hJ* deeply disturbed U. S. military leaders and has not helped morale of our troops in Vietnam. In fairness to Senator Mansfield, bis speech was complex. He did can for guarantees and for an international patrol force. His speech roust be sen-, T - Trvl , I1T , x?rir ,-_, ousry and carefully consid- INDEPENDENT ered by citizens for he is not only Senate Majority Leader; and an authority on the Foreign Relations Committee bul is a close friend of President Johnson. Americans shrink from the idea of neutralization ff ^^ ; inim. h.mt because ihry remember theÂ»Â«Â« *Â«. MUM.TM*. Â·Â»Â« n. WASHINGTON -- Nancy Carole Tyler, secretary n Bobby Baker, refusing to tell investigators her connections with him: "I deny I am guilty rt any legal or moral wrongdoing, but I am availms myself of ihis constitutional privilege in v i e w of ray reasonable apprehension rt even unwarranted prosecution,* . . *.taer . m m^\ .. Ce~*- Kiln C. Km ______ Â· Â·IN. tfynÂ»1HÂ«*l f**T tt.tr Â·Hour many times must I IM1 yoo--a verbal atretmenl iui'l worth the paper il'Â» written onT* the communist Laotians for the truce in Laos. No or.e Â·* Â«*Â«%Â« Â»ffÂ«n.
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