PAGE 24 -- EDITORIAL PAGE Tes' vote needed on bond issue Tucsonians will go to the polls tomorrow to decide whether the city should spend $54 million for a 10-year program of badly needed capital, improvements. From a strictly economic point of view, the well- conceived plan represents quite a bargain for Tucso- nians. There will be no increase in the city property tax rate of $1.75 per $100 valuation. Instead, two principal sources of revenue would be used to pay off the bonds: additional tax..-revenues from new residents, and funds now being spent to retire ..earlier bonds when those bonds are paid off. The bonds would be sold as the ability to repay them increases. Only $16.5 million would be sold this year and hi 1975. In 1979, when the city's population has grown and more money is available from retired bond' issues, the final $21 million would be sold. . There will be 10 propositions on tomorrow's $54 million ballot. But the total cost of all those would amount to about $87 million, including the probable increase in labor and construction costs over the next 10 years. 'The $33 million difference between the $54 million and the total cost would be ; provided mainly from matching federal funds for streets, street lighting, sanitation and storm sewers, parks and recreational facilities. ' . City officials are not asking Tucsonians to authorize a blank check for $54 million. Instead they have taken the more responsible route and broken the ballot into 10 separate propositions. Voters will be given an opportunity to vote yes or no on each proposal, and thus determine generally how the money would be spent. By dividing the ballot into 10' propositions, voters are assured that money authorized for parks and recreation, for example, would be spent for parks and recreation and not for any other proposition/ Even with financing problems resolved and voter control assured, why decide now on projects that maybe as much as 10 years in the future? The answer, of course, is to prevent insofar as possible crisis situations arising in essential public services. With voter approval of the bond program, city officials will be able to guide city development in a reasonable fashion. They will not be forced to come up Â·with hasty, patch-up solutions in response to the problems inevitably associated with growth. The bond election tomorrow offers Tucson an opportunity to chart a sensible course toward meeting the essentials necessary to keep Tucson a good place in which to live and to work. Good idea., but... Students from the University of Arizona and two other state universities are organizing a consumer protection and public problem-solving agency. It is being called the Arizona Public Interest Research Group. Financing for its activities will come from a $2-per- semester voluntary contribution from students at the three schools. Also, the organizing students are seeking to have the Arizona Board of Regents authorize the collections, to be handled by each university at registration times. The motives and general objectives of this Ralph Nader-type research group cannot be faulted. But what can be questioned is the experience, the background and the professional knowledge that students, especially undergraduate students, might bring to a specific problem. However well-intentioned the students, their credentials would be susceptible to challenge. The Board of Regents should take the position that students may well, and should, take an interest in community problems. But regents cannot allow any state university to involve itself, even indirectly as a dues collection agency, in a project such as the one being proposed. If the students in this case wish to go ahead on their own, obviously this is their prerogative. 'Light u P r-No! It is almost nine years now since an advisory committee to the U.S. Surgeon General issued its report on the health hazards of smoking., But people still are lighting up. In fact, cigarette production rose by 4 per cent to a new record last year, and a 2 to 4 per cent rise is seen for this year. This report was issued by the Agriculture Department and confirmed a few days ago by Dr. Luther Terry, who was surgeon general when the initial warning was issued in 1964 and who is now consultant to the American Cancer Society, It would seem that many people still do not believe smoking endangers health, or if they do, they don't care. Young people, according to an American Cancer Society spokesman, "still think smoking is sophisticated." If any consolation at all can be drawn from this situation it is that anti-smoking pressures remain steady and that, increasingly, .nonsmokers are losing their fear of being labeled "cranks" or "neurotics." And that once-perfunctory question, "Do you mind if I smoke?" is more and more risking a firm "yes" in reply. I i William A. Small Jr., Publisher Paul A. McKalip, Editor Tony Tselentis, Associate Editor Dale Walton/ Managing Editor George C. McLeod, Editorial Page Editor Â· Â· Â· MONDAY, FEBRUARY 5, 1973 Monitoring bills GOP lets down its guard By THEODORE RUSHTON Citlun Photnix kurtau One of the most welcome features of this session of the Arizona Legislature is the '.'sunshine . policy" being implemented by the Republican ma-' jority in the House. Simply stated, it means that newsmen and.the public can attend the hitherto "secret" meetings of the House Rules Committee, which consists of committee chairmen; as well as majority caucuses. In the past newsmen could watch the progress of a bill from the time it was introduced and through most of the committees. Then it disappeared into the mysterious proceedings of the Rules Committee. Many bills went into this committee) but not all came out. It was an often quick, and silent;. means of burying an unwanted bill. Only rumors were left, floating through the halls as ghosts of the vanished bills. The majority caucus was equally mysterious -- and rumor prone. The result was a gap in the public's view of legislative procedures. Sometimes poor legislation slipped through, not out of malice but because of the ba- sic faults of a secretive system. Legislators often have, questions about particular bills. In the past they : could, ask these questions in caucus, without exposing their 'ignorance to the public through reports by newsmen. Â·.Â·'Â·Â·'' It's a natural tendency. No one wants'to foe laughed at'for asking stupid questions. Thus the tendency for secrecy. In fact, the Democrats have refused to open their caucuses to the press because of'this very fear. They're going to wait- to see how the Republicans fare. If the Republicans don't - get "burned" by their "sunshine policy" the Democrats may follow along. _ , , There's a very valuable reason for these meetings to be open. Sometimes a seemingly "stupid" question uncovers a flaw in a bill. Some things the experts.take for granted aren't always so good, and it takes a question by a non-expert to show up the obvious flaws. In opening their caucuses, Republicans have said that persons cannot be quoted unless they give permission. But the comments aired in such a "Town Hall" type of meeting often can be used by newsmen to explain support for or opposition^ to a particular bill. . It means more information for the public. The public is better served. : The Democrats are the "loyal opposition" and are supposed to have a different viewpoint than the Republicans. For this reason alone, it would be equally healthy, if the Democrats adopted the same "sunshine policy " caucus rule. The creation of good legislation is not a solo effort It depends on the efforts, the abilities, and the philosophies of both political parties. One party proposes, the other party examines and tests these proposed laws before they become the new laws of the Â·state.. ' ; r : The public is entitled to observe both sides of the process. The House Republicans have made a major step forward. Their "sunshine policy" in Arizona is all the more dramatic when it is realized that 40 per cent of the committee meetings in the U.S. Congress are secret.. The "sunshine policy" in the legislature is as welcome as the "sunshine policy" in Arizona's weather. Democrats, please copy. Place in history Nixon ' By PAUL HARVEY President Nixon's popularity is as great as it is going to be for a while. Daring diplomacy, perfect political strategy and the tides of history earned Richard Nixon to such heights that from up there all directions are down. What is likely to be this Presidents place in history? President Nixon says, "Sen. McGovern was defeated the day he was nominated." Listen to the President's reasoning; it explains him: "When any candidate takes basically an extreme, position on issues, inevitably he splits his own party and assures his own defeat." And this replies to the President's critics, left and right, \vlio have complained that he deserted them. Now, with a luxurious mandate representing the widest possible spectrum of political opinion, President Nixon -- during what must be his last four years -- can dare to be more narrowly definitive in his policies and pronouncements. President Nixon has watched our nation, since F.D.R., concentrate more and more power ; in Washington, More and more, our states and our citizens have yielded prerogatives to "big government." v He believes if the republic is to remain a'republic that power must again be diffused. In his own words, we will stop trying "to hide our problems un- Doing good job is bad? Milwaukee Journal Editorial While the US Postal Service stays in the red and service complaints never cease, the head of the Letter. Carrier's Union takes,the curious stance that union members should frown on those who try to do a better and quicker job. James Rademacher tells his 200,000 members that working faster could endanger the jobs of other workers. It is in the common interest that people hired for public jobs do them to the best of their ability. Less than that would harm not only the public service but the cause of unionism itself. der piles of money" and seek, instead, to solve those problems. Where his previous cabinet was comprised of reorganizers, his hew cabinet appointees are trouble shooters, problem solvers. ;That much I know; this much I believe. President Nixon would like future historians, looking back on his 26 years in public life, to note, his capacity for "growth" and I expect they will. President Nixon is not lovable; he is admirable. He will not be revered; he will be respected. I recall no man ever elected to Â·the presidency of the .United States whose "understanding" was immediately capable of filling those huge shoes. In an era of vastly accelerated evolution, this President's greatest challenge is to manipulate our own sails so that the winds which could blow us backward or onto the rocks will propel us, instead, ahead. If he can, though historians may blow him no kisses, they will stand in salute. Copyright 1Â»73 'WHEN Kit* DO If, ITS CALLED tRll3 On equal rights Women taking another look By JENKIN LLOYD JONES The Equal Rights Amendment to'the U.S. Constitution, which looked last spring as though it would sweep through trie required 38 state legislatures like a prairie fire, appears to have hit damp grass. The. amendment, submitted with only nine senators dissenting, was ratified by 20 legislatures in the first 90 days. But in the following six months only two more followed. Now, according to Newsweek, the amendment pushers can't even count oh 10 additional "sure" states^ They need 16. What does the amendment say? It is one of the shortest and simplest ever submitted. "Equality of rights under the law shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of sex. Sounds mighty nice. But what may have caught up with the amendment is second thoughts. Not by men, but by women. Is the amendment really going to produce a happier day for American females? Or does it demand a sort of unisex under which long- struggled-for women's rights such as limitation on working hours, freedom from hazardous occupation and, of course, pro- woman bias by the courts in granting alimony and child custody will foe swept away? It has been ipointed out that selective service would have to apply equally to women. But that's not "all. So would combat duty. . An aggrieved male would have an open-and-shut constitutional case if he could point out that a disproportionate number of men were being sent into the hazards of battle. A balanced coed Army, Navy, Air Force and Marine Corps might be an exciting place on garrison duty, but it certainly wouldn't win any battles. The. Greeks marveled at the mythical Amazons because they were so unwomanly. And what happens to all these nonsupport cases? Will it be held, under the new amendment, that the man has no more obligation to go out and get a job than the wife? After all, if she has a right to sit around home looking at soap operas, why shouldn't he? If he is willing to wash while she wipes, why should he, alone, have to head for the mill or the office? Will seduction and statutory rape laws be outlawed on the ground that courts direct them only against men? How could prostitution statutes or the Mann Act survive, since they specifically involve women? Under Social Security, women can retire at 62, men at 65. Should women work three years longer or men three years less? And if the women's prison is t pleasanter place than the men's prison, why wouldn't it be constitutional for men cons to move in, even if that meant that some women prisoners would have to be shifted over to the Big House! Remember, the amendment says "Equal rights shall not be denied on account of sex." Here seems to be a case where a small group of noisy militants have convinced. Congress and 22 state legislatures that they speak for the majority of women. Yet the Elmo Roper poll found that 83 per cent of the women sampled voted "no" when asked if they thought that women should in all ways be treated on equal terms with men. That's why opposition, led by the redoubtable Phyllis Schafly of Alton, HI., is rising. Perhaps the. amendment must win quickly if it is to win at all. The average legislator, caught In the middle of a hair-pulling match, will just crawl under the rug. Copyright 1*73 Mark My Words It's an old Arizona custom By JIM FIEBIG PHOENIX, Arizona -- So you think those uninhibited humans in Southern California have wild parties? "I'm throwing a 'head party* this Sunday," my rancher friend said. "It's an old Arizona custom." We showed up for the old Arizona custom at 2 p.m. Sunday. At 3 p.m., after several beers, my rancher friend picked up a shovel and announced, "It's time to dig up the meat!" After five minutes of digging, he uncovered a mysterious packae wrapped in burlap and aluminum foil. It had been cook- in for 24 hours on a bed of preheated rocks. He placed the package In a wheelbarrow, transported It through the crowd to the back of a pickup truck and started peeling away the foil. Several women began drifting away, clutching at their throats. , "Why are they clutching at their throats?" I asked my Â» rancher friend. Moments later, a steaming nose and mouth appeared --Â· complete with protruding tongue. Then the rest of the head was 1 visible. But the Black Angus steer was well beyond help. At least its head -- still with original fur attached -- was beyond help. "We'll get about lO.pounds of good beef from this," said my rancher friend, reaching for a platter. Some old Arizona customs are hard to swallow.
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