Pharos-Tribune, Logansport, Indiana, Wednesday, March 30, 1988 Page 7 Nicaraguan Cease-Fire Zones Arranged Ortega appeals to U.S. for normalization of relations with Nicaragua MANAGUA, Nicaragua (AP) — Contra and Sandinista negotiators agreed on the cease-fire areas where rebels will begin gathering Friday, and President Daniel Ortega urged the United States to discuss normalizing relations with Nicaragua. The negotiators identified the cease-fire zones Tuesday at the end of two days of talks in the southern outpost of Sapoa, but failed to resolve other crucial issues, including when the Contra rebels will lay down their arms. Citing the cease-fire accord signed last week by Sandinista and Contra rebel leaders, Ortega said in a speech Tuesday the United States should begin negotiating a return to normal relations with his leftist government. "We hope President Reagan keeps his word. He has repeatedly said that the day the Sandinistas sit down for direct negotiations with the Contras, then the United States government would sit down and negotiate with the Sandinistas. "We hope he is a man of his word and immediately fulfills his word to accept bilateral conversations to deal with security issues that concern the United States with respect to Nicaragua and with Nicaragua in respect to the United States," Ortega said. The discussions should focus on normalizing relations, not the internal policies of Nicaragua, Associated Press Members of the Contra delegation leave Nicaraguan peace talks Tuesday in Sapoa he said. Ortega also urged the U.S. Congress not to approve more Contra aid in violation of last week's cease-fire agreement, in which the rebels agreed to accept only humanitarian assistance from neutral organizations. House negotiators later reached agreement in principle on $50 million in non-military aid to the Contras and for children injured in the six-year war. U.S. aid to the rebels expired Feb. 29 and Contra leaders say Reagan's inability to secure them continued military aid was a factor in their decision to sign the accord. After three days of talks in Sapoa last week, the Contras and Sandinistas agreed to try to work out a lasting peace during a 60-day cease-fire that is to begin Friday. The Sandinistas also promised to restore democracy in Nicaragua. A communique released Tuesday night at the end of two days of talks in Sapoa aimed at hammering out details of the cease-fire said the two sides had Nicaraguan cease-fire key points Highlights of March 23 agreemf-i between Sandinista government and contra rebels: • Fighting halted: A 60-day cease- fire begins April 1, with a temporary truce until then. During the first hall of April, the contras are to move into certain areas of Nicaragua, to be specified by a special commission meeting in Sapoa. • Talks continued: Discussion of plans for a permanent truce are to begin in Managua on April 6. • Amnesty planned: Nicaragua will release imprisoned contras and allow all political exiles to return without persecution. The first 100 prisoners are to be freed on March 27. Half of the remaining 1,400 prisoners will be released when the contras move into the specified zones. After a final truce agreement is signed, the last of the imprisoned contras and 1,800 former National Guardsmen in prison since the 1979 revolution will be released. • Contra aid limited: The rebels will no longer be able to accept military aid from abroad, only humanitarian aid from neutral groups. • Freedom guaranteed: The Sandinistas will not restrict the £L HONDURAS \SALVADOR Pacific Ocean freedom of expression, in keeping with a Central American peace plan signed last August. • Representation guaranteed: The contras will participate in talks between the government and other nternal opposition groups and in the electoral process itself. • Verification planned: A cease-fire verification commission will be formed with the help of Cardinal Miguel Obando y Bravo, Nicaragua's Roman Catholic leader, and the secretary general ol the Organization of American States, Ambassador Joao Baena Scares. agreed on the size and location of zones where the rebels are to gather. The truce and zones — two in the north, two on the Caribbean coast and one in the south -were agreed to only in general terms. The exact locations of the areas were not immediately disclosed. Army Chief of Staff Maj. Gen. Joaquin Cuadra, the chief Sandinista negotiator, said that issues including what supplies the rebels may receive and whether they must lay down their weapons remain to be decided when the talks resume in Sapoa next week. U.S. Studying Options In Panama WASHINGTON (AP) - The Reagan administration is raising the prospect that the U.S. military may be used to protect the estimated 50,000 American citizens in Panama against possible harassment by that country's security forces. White House spokesman Marlin Fitzwater appeared to open the door to that possibility Tuesday after an incident the previous evening in which Panamanian troops confiscated the tapes of four U.S. television networks and briefly detained several American journalists. Discussing the harassment against Americans, Fitzwater said, "It has always been a principle that we will protect American citizens as best we can and, while we have said that we don't plan to go in militarily, it's also important to note that there are limits." But when President Reagan met with senior advisers Tuesday afternoon to discuss the Panama situation, use of military force was not discussed, according to an administration official who asked not to be identified. The Roman Catholic Church joined opposition leaders calling for the resignation of Gen. Associated Press Manuel Noriega said Tuesday he would not resign Manuel Antonio Noriega, but the strongman remained defiant, saying he will not yield to U.S. aggression. The church, which called for Noriega's resignation on Tuesday, also said it has made preliminary contacts with the strongman and his opposition in a mediation effort aimed at resolving Panama's crisis. The general, commander of the 15,000-strong Defense Forces and the power behind the civilian government, said in a speech Tuesday night to a Solidarity with Panama conference in Panama City that he has no intention of resigning. It was not clear whether Fitzwater's comments represented a genuine re-evaluation of U.S. policy or were part of the continuing war of nerves between the administration and Panama's military-dominated government. One major deterrent to military intervention is that any such move would generate a hostile reaction throughput Latin America. Most delegates attending a conference of Latin American representatives in Venezuela on Monday and Tuesday called for the U.S. to exercise restraint. In recent days, the administration has been weighing the possibility of imposing additional sanctions against Panama. U.S. officials, who asked not to be identified, said Reagan could invoke the International Emergency Economic Powers Act, which would give him broad discretionary authority to limit private U.S. transactions with Panama. One example would be the suspension of all air service between the two countries. Arab Woman Killed In Latest Violence RAMALLAH, Occupied West Bank (AP) — Israel today closed a key Arab information service and its soldiers shot and killed a Palestinian woman and wounded three family members in their home in the occupied West Bank. Hospital officials said three other Arabs were wounded in clashes today, an annual day of violent protest in the occupied territories. Israeli officials hoped their ability to control unrest today might signal the end of nearly four months of violent Arab protests. Eight police officers swept, into the Arab-owned Palestine Press Service in east Jerusalem and ordered it closed for six months under 1948 emergency regulations. The service is the only Arab information agency and has been a critical source for journalists since Israel ordered the occupied West Bank and Gaza Strip closed Monday. The move was one of several measures taken by Israel in an effort to block major rioting to mark Land Day, an annual day of demonstrations against Israeli land confiscation. Six Arabs were killed in a Land Day protest 12 years ago. An extra 4,000 police were stationed today in Israel's Arab sectors, including traffic police placed on riot duty. Telephone lines to Gaza remained severed, troops warned on loudspeakers that curfew violators would be shot and Gaza and the West Bank were closed to most outside traffic. Only the territories' 65,000 Jewish settlers were permitted to travel freely. The tight security failed to prevent a clash in Deir Abu Mashal, a West Bank village 20 miles northwest of Jerusalem, according to hospital officials and a report by the Palestine Press Service made moments before it was closed. Troops entered the home of Wajalah Rabir, 50, while she and her family were eating breakfast, and fatally shot her in the head, Ramallah Hospital officials told The Associated Press in a telephone interview. National Report Committee Expected To Approve INF Treaty WASHINGTON (AP) - The Senate Foreign Relations Committee headed toward approval today of the U.S.-Soviet treaty banning medium-range nuclear weapons, despite partisan bickering over presidential authority. The Democratic-controlled panel was scheduled to meet late this afternoon to vote on the pact signed Dec. 8 by President Reagan and Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev. Sen. Claiborne Pell, D-R.L, chairman of the committee, and Sen. Alan Cranston, D-Calif., both predicted approval. "It looks like we'll have a strong vote," Cranston said. They spoke in the wake of a political squabble which left some committee Republicans angry and threatening to oppose the treaty when it comes to the floor next month. "This has been made partisan, unnecessarily in my view," said Sen. Daniel Evans, R-Wash. "No one has worked harder for,this treaty than me, but I'm now going to seriously take a look at whether I can vote for it." Evans and other Republicans were unhappy about a Democratic-written provision which was added to the measure with the help of an unusual ally — conservative Sen. Jesse Helms,. R-N.C., a treaty opponent. The provision says no future president can change the U.S. interpretation of the treaty without the approval of Congrss, either through a new pact or through a separate law. Court Weighing Church-State Issue WASHINGTON (AP) - The Supreme Court is weighing church-state relations in considering whether a federal law designed to discourage sexual activity by teen-agers impermissibly promotes religion. The justices were to hear arguments today in a dispute pitting the Reagan administration, supported by numerous religious organizations, against the American Civil Liberties Union. At issue: whether the 1981 law is flawed because it allows religious organizations to obtain federal money used to promote various programs aimed at adolescents. The court's decision is expected by July. Urged on by conservative Republicans, Congress allowed religious groups to obtain money for programs designed to prevent adolescent pregnancy by promoting self-discipline and to mitigate problems caused by premarital sex and teen-age pregnancy. Justice Department Rocked By Resignations WASHINGTON (AP) - Attorney General Edwin Meese III faces an expanded criminal investigation and top Justice Department officials are resigning for fear of being tainted by his mounting legal problems, officials say. Independent counsel James McKay has widened his probe by subpoenaing payroll records and other documents of the Washington chapter of the Multiple Sclerosis Society in connection with a $40,000-a-year job Meese's wife, Ursula, got with the group in 1985. Washington attorney James Bierbower, legal counsel for the society and a board member, said the records were delivered to McKay's office on Monday. The independent counsel is trying to determine whether longtime Meese friend E. Robert Wallach used his influence to help get Mrs. Meese the job, said several sources familiar with Edwin Meese the probe, speaking on condition of anonymity. Meanwhile, Sens. Arlen Specter, R-Pa., and Carl Levin, D-Mich., demanded that Meese explain why Deputy Attorney General Arnold Burns, Assistant Attorney General William Weld and four of their aides abruptly quit on Tuesday. Specter, a member of the Judiciary Committee, said it may be necessary to convene hearings if an explanation is not forthcoming. "It's absolutely necessary that the American people be told why these six have resigned," Specter said. "It appears to be unprecedented in the history of the Justice Department. The department isn't operating when six resign together." Burns and Weld offered little in the way of public explanation, but they told associates they were concerned that the nearly year-long criminal probe of Meese is hurting the entire Justice Department, according to several department sources, speaking on condition of anonymity. Meese has said he won't step down and he repeated that assertion as he left the office Tuesday night. Weld, who as an assistant attorney general oversees all federal criminal investigations, told assistants at a final staff meeting that the continuing investigation of Meese and Wallach was casting a "cloud" on the Justice Department, according to several department sources. Another top Justice Department official, Solicitor General Charles Fried, said the resignations were leading him to reconsider his own future at the Justice Department. Weld quit as of the close of business Tuesday, telling his staff he didn't want to get in "50 fights" and have 'blood on the floor," said the sources. Burns will stay on until April 22. Reagan: North Should Be Presumed Innocent WASHINGTON (AP) - President Reagan says former national security aides Oliver North and John Poindexter are not being presumed innocent on conspiracy, theft and fraud charges in the Iran-Contra scandal. "Someplace along the line, many of us have forgotten that you are innocent until proven guilty beyond a reasonable doubt," Reagan told a group of regional reporters on Tuesday. "What has happened, I think, in the case is it's just everyone is accepting guilt on the basis of accusation.'' North, Poindexter and arms dealers Richard V. Secord and Albert A. Hakim pleaded innocent last week to charges that they defrauded the government of more than $17 million by diverting profits from the Iran arms sales to the Nicaraguan Contra rebels. Although he once again spoke out on behalf of his indicted former aides, Reagan backed away somewhat on Tuesday from his assertion last week that North is still an American hero. Reagan said he was refer- ring to the Marine's wartime record. "I think I was too short in my remark when I answered the question," Reagan said. "I should have augmented that and said why, and that is; Look at the record and at the honors and the medals that have been awarded him for bravery in combat," Reagan said. "And 1 have to say those were heroic actions and he is a valid hero."
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