Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas on April 26, 1976 · Page 4
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Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas · Page 4

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Fayetteville, Arkansas
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Monday, April 26, 1976
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Arkansas! tKttteS Governor Noel Lets His Tongue Slip ' * ' ' Editorial-Opinion Pag* · The Public Interest Is The First Concern Of This Newspaper AWen H. Spencer, Publisher and General Manager Floyd Carl Jr., Manairng Editor 4 · MONDAY, APRIL 26, 197* Quota Debate .Continues. Combatting discrimination based on race, sex, or some other criterion is akin lo fighting fire wilh fire. Some state and federal courts have upheld the use of quotas to assure that disadvantaged minorities: receive ' : fair treatment in hiring and in gaining admission to colleges and universities. Critics of such plans insist that quotas amount t o : ' "reverse discrimination" and that all persons should be judged solely o'n their personal qualifications.'. ': ' , ' · ' . · - ·'"· · For the past five and one-half years, Chicago has been a major, battleground- in- the war over quolas. Starting in September; -1970, a series of court suits (later consoli-' dated into a single suit) alleged that the : Chicago Police Department practiced job discrimination .against blacks, women; and per- · sons'of'Hispanic origin. The'plaintiffs ask'-' ed that federal revenue-sharing funds be : withheld from Chicago" until the abuses they enumerated were corrected. The case dragged on without : apparent progress until Dec. 16, 1974, when it was announced thai the .city, and U.S. District . Court Judge. Prentice H. "Marshall had agreed on a police-hiring plan involving racial and 1 sexual quotas. Even then, however, the city was slow to act. : Evidently angered by the delay. Marshall handed down a new order on Jan. 5, 1976. He denounced the city's refusal to implement the 1974 agreement as "arrogant" and . "contumacious" and enjoined the Treasury Department from sending $95-miJiion in rev- enue-sharing funds to the city until the police department obeyed his ruling. Reaffirming his ruling of 1974, (he judge gave the city 90 days lo hire 400 police officers from a 1971 eligibility list. Of. these, 200 were to be black and Spanish-named Helen Skaffer ' men ami 66 were to be women. The first group of 200 was hired in mid-March and' the second 200 are to join the'force shortly. But Chicago's revenue-sharing funds remain impounded, for the city is still not in .compliance'of the second part of Marshall's Jan. 5 order. II stipulated that, after Ihe interim agreement was implemented, the po- V.lice ; miist;'adbpt'hifing quolas of 42 per cent black and Spanish-named men, 42 per cent ' other.men, a n d , 16 per cent women. There would be 600 positions to be filled under that formula on a force budgeted at 13,987 per:;. sons. · -._ · -''.-', · The city has appealed Marshall's quota' order, and the case is now pending before the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit.''Arguments are scheduled for mid. ; June.' Whatever the outcome, it is possible that the case may be appealed all-the way to .the U.S..-Supreme Court. . A Supreme Court opinion .on the quota question would be -welcome guidance for : "lower courts, which have handed down contradictory rulings. A quota case involving admissions to the University of Washington Law School reached the Court two years ago. The white male plaintiff, Marco DeFunis Jr., ;·'. charged, that he had been turned down by the school 'while minority applicants with lower test scores were admitted. But since DeFunis himself, .was subsequently admitted to-the school,-the Supreme Court declined fo rule on the merits of the case. And-so the debate rages on. Perfect justice may be beyond the reach ;of law in this instance. With''too many people .chasing too few jobs, those .who. are. left'out can be excused for feeling discriminated against. The only'sure .cure.--easier said than done -- is full employment. Then there would ba little need for quotas. Economists Hedge Latest Predictions By J A C K . Wilh Lcs Whltlen WASHINGTON -- During the upror over ; Jiimiiy Carter's "ethnic purity" - r e m a r k , we.' have investigated a more serious racial slur .by the man , who will, actually preside over the racial · discussions ; at the . Democratic convention. He is Rhode Island's IrJggcr- longued Gov.. Philip Noel, who quickly admits that Lie is rough around the edges. He is .an appealing politician who worked his way up from a poor npigh- bprhood lo.become not only Itie governor of h i s slate bul the chairman o f - t h e . Democratic Governor's Conference. He has now been selcc^d Lo , head the Democratic National ' Plalfonn Committee, which .will f o r m u l a t e - t h e party's .position on such issues as busing and civil rights, Iti a taped ·interview, Noel not only mad.e -some strong statements against busing foul used language that is .offensive to hlacks. His most caustic cracks have" remained unpublished until now '"Take 'a kid - from a black ghetto, bus him across town to a · while school, he's there four hours under classroom instructions," said - the governor. ·"Then he's back in Ihe ghetto for the olher 19 hours or 18 hours "HE'S BACK in that sweat hole, or whatever he conies from, wilh a - drunken father and a mother that's out peddling ter --." Noel used an The Washington Merry-Go-Round WASHINGTON -- With the r economy, moving up from the, worst recession since 'the" '· Depression Thirties, economic forecasts are coming trora all directions, telling the nation how far the , upward currents are expected to go. The - bumper, crop, of predictions Jails ;'jpon the nation at the same time economists are being " chided -- , often from within thejr own- ranks -- for having failed to call the turns in the past. The recessional that began in late 1973 and reached its .bottom last spring proved to be both worse than its early signals indicated and not so deep as the most pessimistic: predicted .once it got under way. . Economists looking back it Iheir.track record (or She past two' or three years are now . ^ondering the reasons for the weakness of their foresight. And they are hedging their new predictions. These range in tone 'from foreboding to euphoria, in nearly every csse reflecting the individual forecaster's prescrip- - tion of what should be done -especially by the government -to keep the,"economy moving. If there is a consensus'it is that, yes, the 'recession is receding, but we are not out of the woods yet and things could get bad again, most .likely. next year. ECONOMIC forecasting takes on particular" interest during a presidential election year. Not since 1960 -- possibly not since the 1930s -- has the economy How Time Flies 10 YEARS AGO Governor Faubus s a i d Wednesday that his supporters and friends are free lo get behind another candidate for governor. But he said he would not issue any formal statement to this effect. ' Covered Wagon Days were held at Bentonville Wednesday. A t , « breakfast meeting Tuesday, ·'- the Chamber of Commerce 'membership drive was kicked off by its membership sales arm-the Contacl Club. 50 YEARS AGO A meeting of the realtors of Fa yettevil te was called for Monday night in the office of the Fayettevilte Realty Com-' pany. ' I n o b s e r v i n g National Forestry Week, the Democrat offers a prize of 52.50 cash for the b e s t " e t l i t o r i a 1 on forestry and tree preservation lo be written by a school child., Famous guests are arriving for the Womanless Wedding Tuesday night. See" them. 100 YEARS AGO The grand jury in Washington today indicated eight men for complicity in the safe-burglary conspiracy. Grant , has expressed his determination to veto -the bill reducing the President's salary. This, is evidence that Ulysses . has a lingering hope of another term. Mil, U5WI JUST PUT A CALL ohs^eiiity tbat alluded lo prosli- ,. tulton, ' ' - · . ' . · "You know/ 1 .he added, "with : , all Ihe problems you have in Ihe ghetto." ' · . ; . ' " Noel explained to our reporter. Julin Hose,-thai he didn't intend the remark as a racial .slur.'Calling tiis choice of words "unfortunate/" he insisted, he niecml only lo characterize tbe ·conditions iti'a po\ p erty environment. He promisetl .thai, as c h a i r m a n - "of the platform committee, ii£ would be impartial. Democratic '; National Chairman Robert Strauss came to Noel's defense. Noel Es Ihe kind, o f . man Ihe Democrats need, said. Straus's-to give America sonv straight lalk We checked to determine w h e t h e r Noel's, offensive remarks were straight talk or merely unintended slips of the tongue. We spoke to 'several black leaders in Rhode Island \\ho know the go\crnor Thej agieed bis statement \SRS not out of characlcr Although only two black leaders went so far as to call Noel "racist," the others said Ihcv felt he is "insensitive' 1 lo black people s problems MCOTiCS N E T H L R U O R I D NACOTICS Netherworld: In the course of our continuing drug investigation... we have c a u g h t - a glimpse into the strange, s t a r k world of narcotics, where pushers and purchasers alike .live on the edge of a nightmare New York City, with an estimated addict population of 200, 000, is still Lhe c c n ' l e r of Use d r u g subculture. The count i n c l u d e s heroin "abiisers" . who "skin lop" low'grad^ heroin but don't yet "mainline" hard, high quality slutf. But this does not include Ihe "service people", who feed off Ihe junkies -- loan sharks, pimps, fences and others M'ho opcral," on Hie fringes ot Ihe narcotics trade. We. were laid of a shooting giller in Har leni, Tor example, a place much like a bar where addicts RO'for heroin fixes THE ADDICTS a r e ushered into small, steamy stalls where Ihey can 'mainline Ihe heroin themselves or, [or an addilional $5 fee, obtain the sen ices of a spnW He searches for un collapsed \ ems Ihil are too awkward for the addict lo reach arid, therefore, haven't been ruined bj punctures Then Ihe spiker literally spikrs or injects junk in the out-of-reach vein The New York narcotics under v\ 01 Id stretches f r a n plush penthouses where In/ 1 big time dealers luc in luxury to the most squalid shabb, neighboihoocl where Ihc stench of poverty -- permanently clogged toilets, uncolleclcd garbage unwashed bodies and the deca\ ing rare-asses of dean rats, dogs, and cats -- is overpowering Lite m the narcotics jungle is vicious and violent. The hire of easy money makes Ihe drug trade highly competitive which, in this business, means com- been a bigger factor in an American presidential election. Polls indicate that inflation and unemployment ; are still -high .among the public's concerns. Some persons would go so far as to predict that Lhe way the na Itonal e conomy goes in the months ahead ; will determine President Ford's fate in November. The economic; forecaster figures in political combat because government policy is influenced by expectations of how Lhe economy will behave -- especially how it will .behave as a result of government actions or inaction. Since the 1930s, the government has intervened boldly in the economy to heat it -Jp in slack times and cool it down in inflationary times. And economic prophecy, no less than political reality, moves the wheels of government. · ·'. But what if the prophecy is , faulty? Unlike the biblical Joseph, whose forecast of seven fat and seven lean years had the benefit ot divine guidance, modern-day economists must rely on merely h u m a n -- _and hence fallible --.calculations'. "OUR ABILITY to forecast is at best imperfect, especially in an increasingly complex world/* the President's Council of Economic Advisers confessed in Ihe annual report it sent to Congress in January. Over the years, economists have developed a set of highly sophislica- led lools, involving mathemali- cal equations and the u s e of ' electronic compulers, lo help ' them d i a g n o s e - t h e presenl and forecast the future of economic " -'events, : '. The raw material of these studies is (he vast number of ' detailed, regularly obtained, KC ries of s t al islics on a wide . variety of activilies perlaining to [he economic equation, from these studies the' government has 'developed a series of what - is called "leading indicators" -- that is, factors in Ibe economy that .suggest a rise or decline is imminent. · Yet with all these technical sids. Ihe 'practiced economist still must rely on bunches, on a "subjective evaluation of the situation.-"! suspect...the hest . judgmental forecasts are still about as good or bad 35 Ihe b e s t computer forecasts," writes Paul A. Samuclson, the economist whose textbook. Economics, is now in its n i n t h edition. SAMUELSON'S notiot has received support from a study of forecasts made during the · first halt of this decade. As reported recently in the New · England Economic Review, forecasts based on "formal econometric models" had about as many errors' a.s Ihe others. . One reason Ihe mathematical models don't perform as well as one mignt hope is thai ton many unpredictable factors go into .the equation. Unexpected action ,by a govcrnrrtenl --.U.S. or foreign--can throw off I h e hcsl rna the mat Seal forecast. The mosl glaring example of this was the Arab.oil embargo imposed in the fall of 1373. (o|lowed hy a sharp rise ir price. Editorial Research Report* State Of Affairs By CLAYTON FRITCHEY BARBADOS -- While few Americans have encountered ' (he acronym -CARICOM. they wiil soon become more familiar with it. (or it represents a new and growing force in Ihe Caribbean and. lo some extent. Latin America as,well. CARICOM, or Caribbean Community, springs from these efforts of a dozen nations _ in this area lo organize something resembling Ihe European Ecoho- m i c Community (Common ,Market), 'a welcome ttvelop- rri'enl, especially if il succeeds where the aborted. Wesl Indies Federation failed. · Whal first strikes an American, however.' on a brief trip lo Ihe region, is how different Ihe hemisphere seems when viewed from here rather than from Washington. As of the momenl, this is acutely exemplified by Ihe apprehensions over U.S. policy on Cuba and Panama. AI-THOUGH the United Slates still enjoys a measure of goodwill in .Barbados and several olher CARfCOM counlrics. Ihe larger and more politically dynamic members, such as Jamaica, do not seem Eo lake very- seriously Secretary of Slale Henry" Kissinger's recent protestations of benign interest in Latin America, nor his.warn- ings thai Castro's Cuba is a 1 threat to the hemisphere. While louring Latin America earlier this year. Dr. Kissinger I c p e a t e d I y denounced Ihe presence of Cuban troops in Angola, hut the nomvhilcs of CARICOM and Latin America were not upset .by Castro's efforts'-'to help · liberate the blacks of Angola' from the colonial rule,of white Portugal. Ollilc the contrary. SECRETARY Kissinger- also fold the Latin leaders that "Ihe .Uniferl SMtes will not tolerate a challenge to the solemn treaty principle of nonintervenlionism in this hemisphere." Ho was ' referring to the 1047 Rio Trealy providing for colleclive security in the hemisphere. O n e ' very experienced CARICOM ambassador, who has. served in W.ishinglon and is comparatively friendly lo the United Slates, sardonically remarked to me,' "You know, 'Iherc Have been 14 violalions of the Rio Treaty -- all the most glaring by one country. And il-wasn't Cuba." II was. of course, the United Stales. , Today, American relations with Panama, even more than - with Cuba, are being watched for clues to future U.S. policy south of the Rio Grande. DCS- pile Kissinger's assurancas of co operation and friendship, the chauvinistic rlebale in Ihe Uniletl Stales over conlrol of the Panama Canal is ,-irousing fears that Washington might again resorl lo the Big Slick, as it has so many limes fa . the. past in the hemisphere. The question of who's going lo own, r:m and defend the canal is an explosive issue in Panama, hut beyond IhM it is seen by other Latins as a symbol of U.S. imperialism. Will Ihe Uniletl Slates, like.a good neighbor, ncgoliale a less' ones i d e d - - new Ireaty. granting Panama long, overdue, con-, cessions on control of the canal, or will it, as Ronald Reagan and other Flag-wavers in Congress demand, stand pat, regardless of ,lhe probable consequences? MR. FORD has denounced Reagan for saying the United Stales should "never" surrender eonlrol of the canal, but Ihe President recently came 'close to saying Ihe same thing h i m s e l f . Subsequently, b e hacked off from lhal lerminol- ogy, but the Latins can hardly be blamed if they are confused. Actually, the Administration's Power Forming In Caribbean position, as expounded by Ambassador Ellsworth Bunker, the chief U.S. treaty negotialor. is thai the United States neither owns the canal nor has sover- eignv over il. "Conlrary lo Ihe belief of many Americans," he says, "the Unilcd Stales did not purchase the Canal Zone in 1903. Rather, the money we gave Panama (hen was in return (or the rights which Panama granted us by the Ircaly." · ; NEVERTHELESS; Reagan keeps OH shouting thai "we buill it. we paid for il and they can't have it." He accuses the Administration of negotiating a "giveaway," whereas Bunker's objective appears to be a 30- lo 50-year Ircaty. wilh the United Stales yielding lo Pananvi only aflcr Ihe pact expires. Few in Soulh America and the Caribbean riueslion Mr. Ford's warning lhal breaking Ford's warning lhal breaking off Irealy negotiations would inspire violence in Hie Canal Zone and "would pul against the United Slalcs every Lalin American counlry, some 25, and 309 million Latin Americans." That's what happened in 11)61. when former President Lyndon ' Johnson, a year before his invasions of Ihe Dominican Republic and Vietnam, spurned .Panama's pleas for a new Irealy. Rclalions were broken o f f , followed by Canal Xone riols in which both Americans and Panamanians were killed. THE PANAMA lime bomb has been licking ever since Ihcn.' The ruler of lhat country, Gen. Omar Torrijos. says, "Patience has limits. We are now . following Ihe peaceful route of Gandhi. We arc also prepared 10 follow the Ilo Chi Minh route 11 necessary. That mcann Icrrorism, guerrilla operations and sabotage in a national liberation war to regain our terrilory." (C) I.os Angeles Time' balalive. .Disputes r « by the knife and th$ gun. · ·-.; : ; \ Kven the small-time pushers- j are often.held up, kidnaped and- s killed by hoodlums eager to *«t, i Iheir hands on a nights heroin^ haul. Sometimes pushers falli , prey to addicls desperate;,for.- i a fix. Most, addicts - commit; i crimes Lo pay for.Ihpir.habits; .-· [ CURIOUSLY, ; l h e ..average* ; age of Ihe" addict : has'gone up: i and the age of the street; push^ ers has gone down. M a n y - ' a . . ; teen-age racketeer is rakirigiin, ; fabulous heroin profits. In the; : New ^ ork area teenage push ers can. be seen 'cruising their; ; market .areas in Mercedes-Ben* , automobiles. t : One joung pusher recently, ' dropped - $5,000 betting . on .. a slreet-corner basketball game. The toss didn't faze him. Heroin is .now, being sold on [ the streets of N'ev. York in I t,redihl under as man\ as 100 J 'different -brand names,-. This, - praclice started in ,lhe 1960s. j \\ hnn a New York pusher a f- ] fixed a gold finger lo the plastic. i bags of heroin he sold. This' · was his guarantee of the quality ; of the contents.'-Quite naturally, = his heroin became known 'by ; Ihe" brand name of -Goldfinger i One of Ihfc. most, popular ; brands in .'Npw York' today is the ' Space Walk' brand Other ! popular brands include Blue Magic Whui and J a w s New York's major heroin'hot- spot is Harlem especially a r o u n d - l l 6 t h SI. arid'Uth Aye. But other New York neighborhoods, such as the South Bronx and Bedfprd-StuyvesHiit, . arp notorious for hcroiirabuses..Onft^ particular!} bad pocket a located m the East Village Some brands :of heroin . are more popular in one neighbor hood lhan in another The addicts in His East Village,; tor example, prefer Mexican brown varieties, while Harlem addicts prefer w h i t e Southeast Asian The purity of the street sold Nev. York heroin loda rum between T 5 and 6 0 per cent (C) United-Feature Syndicate, inc. ; Belt Foundry In Prague ; · Booming f ' PRAGUE, Czechoslovakia (AP) -- Business booms -at'the . 'only bell foundry in Communist Czechoslovakia,'" even - though hardly any churches are built here 1 nowadays. - . . · '. ' Rudolf and Kvela Manonsek, assisted by their 19-yearrpld son, Peter, work-all. day lo'r*- place some of the 12,000 Czech bells melled down for the Nan arms industry by the German* occupying'the'country in World War-H. ''· ·' The family studio-work shop, situated in a charming Baroti.de house opposite historic Zbfas* lav castle, has enough orders .to -r - keep them busy', until mid-1978;' : .-' B e c a u s e the Manousekj painstakingly · nandcfaft .thcjr products on tradilional lines; IKcy turn out only 25 to 30,bells a 'year. "/ ';,':,,; They also restore and clean hells from old Czech churches at the rate of about 10 a ye'af.'T* Their, biggest restoration.job lo date was. cleaning up Zikmund, an ornate 17-ton mcnstcr cast by * Czech master Tomas . . Jaroiin 154Q-for St. Vitus- Cathedral in Prague, '. .; ·' '· ·: Zikmund is loo hig to be Dandled in the workshop,- so the three Manouscks had to climb the 400 sleps of the cathedral, lower every day and work un- der constant pressure from the wind that giisLs .through Ihe open ' b e l f r y , even on calm days.; -Rudolf Manousek, 67, learned. his craft from · his father,-, the first Czech . bell founder..;/,tg break into a domain 'monoppr lized for 300 .years by Gennau firms, 1 -', / . The .elder ManousckV work"shop, esfablishcd in 1908 near Brno in Moravia.'at "one "lime employed mere than 50 workers; , The time : c'o'nsuming process of making a heir starls' whcrj designer. Manousek chooses ;lhfi "profile" or shape, which ^5- lermines (he future tone. ;..;;;;· There are len different ben t u n e . categories and endless combinations lo choose from._A bell nYusL be designed · so 1 'tKat its lone does not clash wilh'the 1 sound of bells from neighboring churches.'If a set of four^or five bells is t o . b e cast, they must he designed In harm.on.iza w i f h each oilier. · . ; IV" Once Ihe basic design is selected, a , mate mold is built over a cross-shaped iron basiej It' is,' then ' 1 e f t\ lo ' 'dry. s l o w l y for three weeks'Eo two months, depending orf'ilhfi size and wealher conditions.; 1 ' : Relief work and ornaments are added, dried again and Ihen covered with a mix lure, of fine clay, matted cow hairy graphite and beer known her* as "cirlem." · ··'.-*·' T h e , female mold must dry for several weeks before J!he' bell can be casl from a mollcn alloy of 78 per cent pure copper! and 22 per cent pure lin, healed lo 1.200 degrees centigrade.': ". The crucial cooling process lasts up to 50 hours. ' ;':" -Restoring old bells require.! expertise, too. -Corrosive -deposits must be removed mechanically and chemically before "lh'« surface can be conserved) with silicone wax, a mo-dern reptacGr menl for Ihe beeswax used'ln earlier times. - - . ;*· Another job that defies '.th'$ amateur is welding a cracked bell. It must be prehfialed; lo ·350 degrees cenligrade, Ihe ^vel-- ding material must be identical fo Ihe belt alloy and Ihe lech* ni]tie used is old-style flrime welding, as elcclric arc welrfinrf is unsellable. '. ·' E^eSls are usually melted down; for recasting if they are beyond repair, '·

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