I1UMHULUT STANIJAKL) Monday, April 16, 1962, P. 4 Editorials *** Features *** Comments Established 1U73 Published by THE EUHEKA NEWSPAPERS, INC. DON O'KANE, President and General Manager Second Class postage paid at Eureka. California. Yearly, $21 . . Monthly, $1.75 . . Mail rales, Zones 1 and 2, $1.75 per month Zones 3 and 4, $2.00 . . All other. J2.25 . . Daily, ten cents per cop FULL UNTI'ED PHESS 1NTEHNATIONAL WIKE SEHV1CE PU L I K I I K U niOM 328 E STREET. EUUEKA, CAUKUKNiA, EVEI EVENING EXCEPT SUNDAY, TELEPHUNE HII.I,S1UE 2-17 Tha Stuntlurd's Eililorial Policy: Unswerving support oj the principles of democracy, in jedeial, state, and community government; Preservation and advancement oj the oppoilunities for pursuit of private enterprise in California and the Redwuod Empire; Unbiased reporting of the news; Preservation oj the principles oj' free speech and a jrcc press; Support of ul[ movements /or the betterment, the / l e i i K l i f ' c n t i o n and the general development of Eureka and oilier cities and towns of Htt?iilo!dt county. Art Springs Eternal American moviemakers are regularly under fire for t h e present accent on "realism" (usually sexual) w h i c h they have adopted in answer to clipping re- cepits at the box office. Freedom to try to force others to abide by their personal standards of taste and morals is one of the rights enjoyed by Americans. The forming of pressure groups which rely on criticism and persuasion is also a legitimate activity. This kind of censorship is not on the \vhole a great danger to the motion picture field nor to fundamental liberties in this country. It would only be so were political organs to pass judgment on or attempt to suppress certain opinions. The latter case is the problem faced by film makers in Soviet Russia. There the state is quick to criticize any slackening of fervor for the ideology of comm u n i s m . When newspapers hop on a movie there, it is the government speaking indirectly, for nobody p r i n t s anything without a license. In recent years, Russian artists hvae swung away from the boy-girl-tractor triangle and produced some outstanding films. They have even gone so far as to allow characters playing Soviet citizens to voice disenchantment with their lives. This is all right in Russia, so long as such persons are shown the error of their ways, even as in America immorality is permissible if it is punished in some m a n n e r in the last two minutes of a picture. But what upset the official newspaper Pravda recently was that in one film the human expressed general disgust with the human race and all its uses w h i l e the other characters stood silently by without p u t t i n g in a good word for dialectical materialism. It ii this kind of official monitoring of the individual's l*nights which seems so alien to Western traditions. Yet the fact that Pravda was compelled to chastise is an encouraging sign. There IS dissent and i n d i v i d u a l thinking in'Russia, however seldom it appears, which decades of suppression and Communist -.: !:'ni: have not eradicated. \Vi;h the exception possibly of music, the arts languish in that land, frozen rigidly in a propaganda mold and communism's own version of bland bourgeois taste. But occasionally someone breaks out, like n Pasternak or a few of the younger poets or a film producer. The important thing is not the rarity of such events but that they occur at all.. They prove that an Iron Curtain around men's minds is not a durable t h i n g ; it requires constant rewelding. Thought in the West was once shackled. Who knows but that one day a new Galileo may arise in Russia and proclaim that history does not revolve around Marx? Proper Decision Our government was correct in refusing an export license for wheat and barley to Red China and North Korea. There is no evidence that official offers to buy grain have been made. The request for a license probably was intended to probe American sentiment. The basic conflict between the two systems of government should not be obscured by emotionalism or pleas for humanilarianism. There would be more food in China if vast quantities were not exported to Cuba and other countries for political purposes. Grain purchased from Canada has been diverted. There is no guarantee that cereal grains sent from the United States would be used to benefit slave workers. China's leaders created f o o d scarcity by their headlong determination to make a 50-year leap into t h e i n d u s t r i a l 20th century. This force labor from fields. It curtailed construction of flood control projects. 11 almost eliminated fertilizer production. Food shortages could all be alleviated in brief t i m e by the same forces which in large measure created t h e m . Why should the U.S. help hide failure of communism? If this was published it elude From a tv page: "Douglas Ed us: The scummunist doing an wards, replaced by Walter Cron Axis Sally for East Berliners calls kite on CBS' early evening news lersclf Trudy. Says she's an report, may be given a daily 5 American. Her tch-tchat includes minule news program. Plans are ntimale delails, boodwar stuff, ako bein g made to give him _ . ! _ : . 1 _ K-..1 . _ . : l . _ M - _ _ . : L-11 ,, D Â° vhich "out-winchells winchell,' hey say. . .Tip to talent-scouts ana Lund at Jerry Lewis' Sun et Strip joynt (Beverly Hills) One of the best of the new fern Tielcrlainers. Chirps like Dori WALTER WINCHELL ON BROADWAY chance at out - of - town assign merits." Translation: Siberia. From thw WVV col'm of Oct. Day. looks like MM and belts like 13 1961: " Tne shiek of Kuwait The Merm. . .Ike's become a has 15 million $ he'd like to loan rolific letter-sender. Penning his V0u at IK per cent interest. The hawts and opinions to VIPS and borrower must keep the loan for Icrnbers of Cong. . .Dick Bissel's at leas* 3 years." ut at CIA. He plotted the Cuban From the April 3, 19G2 papers: nvasion flop. Now on "Special "First Loan Made by Kuwait Vhite House assignment." Next Fund to Aid Sudan Railroad. TODAY'S BEST FROM EUROPE NATIONAL WHIRLIGIG * * * * * * * * * * News Behind the News By Ray Tucker WASHINGTON - The sucldei urrcncler lo the powerful farm oopcralivos' lobby by the Hous V.'iys and Means Committee on he 1962 Revenue Bill will penal e individual farmers by millions '. dollars annually. Unloading of taxes on them in ead of on the cooperatives \vil Iso subject many so-called rug ed individualists to the same ort of compulsion now applicable i factory workers, who cannot gel job in many states unless the; (in a union and pay heavy dues ir the privilege of membership The capitulation came in the :rm of a last-minute change in ie tax bill as reported by the 'ays and Means Committee anc assed by the House. Principa dvocate of the change favoring e co-ops was Chairman Wilbur ills of Arkansas, whose districl eludes influential rice and soy- ian collectivist organizations. * * * TAX ON UNRECEIVED PROFITS-As originally draft- thc measure gave farmer embers of co-ops a three-way oice on the disposition of the -ops' dividends or patronage rends. The co-ops themselves arc t taxed on their profits, which n into huge sums. In 1953, the st year for which official figures available, 25 regional co-ops d an annual business of $1.3 !Hon. The figure is probably ice that total today. Jnder the provisions of the! original draft, the farmer cou' (1) demand payment of divident in cash and pay the Federal ta himself, (2) ;igree in writing t let Ihe co-op keep his refunds a working capital for expnnsio while paying the tax himself (3 decline to accept any tax liabilit and force the co-op to pay the ta if it wanted to retain his mone; Now, under the Mills-cngineera revision . before persuading tl: House to send the bill to Senate Harry F. Byrd's Finance Com mittee for current hearings, th bill provides that the co-ops mr rolain dividends and patronag refunds, but the members mu; pay the tax, even though they n ceive no income from their ii vestment. The members may collect whe the co-op decides to distribut dividends. An official Departrnen of Agriculture study finds that th iverage period of withholding i nine years. Actually, the ne 1 egislation is so framed that th co-ops may keep the undistribule 'unds permanently. CLOSED SHOP FOR AGRI CULTURE-Since the hill wa submitted to the House under ; 'closed rule," meaning that ni amendments could be offered here was no opportunity for a sizable opposition to strike out thi Â·Â·ompulsory tax on individual co Â·p members. The similarity between thi Burden on individual farmers ant lie legislation requiring compute union membership is com Foreign News Cosumeniary By PHIL NEWSOM, UPI Foreign Editor "Well, the battle lino; iii;i;,s;i('rc w i l l sl.'irt . . Soon the ''or the bereaved families, who r the last year have lived on :: razor's edge of hope and dcs- [Kiir, there clearly was no othci course, than to attempt to dca' with Fidel Castro on his offer to barter live.; for money. Twenty-five thousand for one life. $"100,000 for another lo (Â·r;.nd total of $f2 million. F'"or the refugee families of the men taken prisoner in last year's Rriy of Pigs invasion, the figure obviously was an impossible one. It had almost tripled since Castro first offered lo exchange his prisoners for $2fi million worth of heavy tractors. Whether Castro would live up to a (leal once it was made mained to be seen. Communist barter in lives is mil a particularly new (aetie. The Communists attempted lo use il 10 years earlier in Korean innistio! negotiations at Pan- nunjon, In the .seemingly endless (nlks between the If. S. ;\ml Ked Chinese ambassadors in Wursnvv, the Reds attempted to use American [trisoni'i-.s as a bartering weapon in cxchwge for a .switch in the American altitude toward For- mosa and Red Chinese member ship in the United Nations. Castro's first offer of men for rotors aroused Latin Amcrieai indignation. Of the latest one, the Sao Paulo. Brazil, newspaper 0 Estado editorialized. "While there is, in accordance humanitarian and Christian standards, no material equivalent for the value of human life, Ridel Castro's new demand not :uily demonstrates his growing cynicism but also the total bank- Â·uplcy of the Cuban economy." Castro himself was acting peculiarly, lie still proclaimed him .self a Marxist-Leninist but he lenoiinced Cuba's old-line Com- nuni.sls and complained his own Â·evolutionists were being deprived of j..hs. There w;vs sperul.'ilion that per- ap.s Cast I'D was on the way to cromint* an American heniis- )here Tito. Meanwhile, he has lost none of is invective, abilities. Ousted 'resident Frotuli/.i nf Arjjenlinn vas ft coward, Anwemeiiii of ''rii.'ulnr a drunkard. ;iml Hetnn- Â·mirt of Vene/uHa n murderer, 'niiu'itienlally, all hmi broken cl.'tlions \vilh (V.stro. plete. If a farmer refuses to pay the tax imposed by the Mills provision, his only recourse is to resign from the co-op. But these collectivist organiza- ions enjoy a virtual monopoly ir the selling of farm products in many areas and in the purchase of agricultural supplies at cost because of large-scale orders. Thus, from a practical standpoint, this compulsory tax feature has all the aspects of a closed union shop for agriculture. Both factory workers and farmers must join up, pay up or engage in a losing struggle for economic survival. Private business interests suffer even more severely tha Jiey do now, if the measure be comes law. Co-ops will be in Kttcr position to build up tax-free and interest-free resources for ex pansion. Many have gone int manufacturing, processing an servicing to such an extent tha .hey have become big business ViLh so many Federal exemptions hey can undersell private com pe liters. Among the afflicted group may be the numerous oi! jobber Chairman Mills' Arkansas Moreover, his district has been enlarged to include Little Rock vhore the state's business inter ists center. He may find it diffi- g] :ult to please both the busines slement and the co-op managers The Mills provision seems t Â·iolate the basic philosophy which xempted co-ops from taxation Â·hereas private corporations mus ay up to 52 per cent. The origina Congressional theory was that the 'O-ops would distribute their earn igs so as to aid the farmers' de iresscd income. Ironically, Chairman Mills' state las a Right-to-Work law, which mllifies labor unions' rigid com mlsory requirements as to mem crship. So does Senator Byrd's tale of Virginia. Q's and A's Q- What favorile sport of icdicval knights is still popular i Maryland? A -- Jousting. "Knights" rid- ig horses a! full tilt and spear!,' tiny rings with lances has ct'n going on in Maryland since olonial days. Q -- What is the life span of og? A -- The average is 10 years. Q -- Ho\v did Ihe Gila monster ct ils name? A--The reptile was named after ic Oila Uivcr which flows through rizona, where Ihe nnimal was scovered. Q -- Where is the world's nortli- Â·nmost hind? A -- Tape Morris .Jcsup in the nrlheaslern extremity of Green- nd. M(I miles from U-5 North .le. ob: In Dept. of Defense. (Whon does he know???). . .In't'l Rev enue's "take" on delinquent tax es (so far this year) is over , billion bux. . .Pat Weaver's nam may be linked with ABC for , uture job, but what about hi talks with Herald-Trib landlorc ock Whitney and his empire?. . The Circus in N. Y. can't hold candle to the one in Rome. King Ibn Saud's favorite sor (Prince Mansur) is hooked or America's hottest strippa -- Blazf Starr. Gave her a necklace cost ing 12Gs. . ."No Strings" Mr Wonderful's dghtr Mary Rodger, and her mate (producer H. Guet tel) are 3'ing. . John Ireland', phone bill (to and from Daphne Cameron for the past year coast to-coast) cost each $18,000. . .J Paar and Gov. Faubus both qui the same day. Whatta week for Democracy!. . .The Queen of the Swishtikas wrote us complaining about being called "The Queen o " the Nazis." Two of his Chicagoafs were arrested last week -- one for toting a gun and both on complaint of a 16-year-old boy's moth er, who alleged they contributed to her son's delinquency, etc. . To the Chicago Trib's Herb Lyons thanks for the birthday col'm and to Chicago's American editor jy . . .All readers: Wanna help The 0 . Gospel Ass'n for the Blind at College Point, N. Y.? They were e " robbed of many musical instruments. . .Recommended: Eddie a- Fisher's new album: "Richard :n Burton's Favorite Love Songs" i n . . .H'wood Wives' Curse: "The Worst Thing. I can hope will happen to you is that your husband gets a role in a picture opposite j' Liz Taylor!". . .The name "Eliza' beth" means "consecrated to od." ? Chips On A Shoulder , Item: "A 19-year-old ballplayer named Ricky Graciano, was ordered by Judge Kaus to support an 11-month baby, the son of " Ricky's onetime finance, Connie n Viera. 20. Ricky was due for train- e " ing with the Chicago White Sox a as a right-handed pitcher." ^ It's the left hand you gotta x " watch! the loan calls for the first pa ment after three years." Starlet Christine Kaufman (1 from Germany in an intervie\ "Hollywood is a stupid town. N body's serious and it's not tl place to develop." Young lady, change your gho writer at once! Headline: " G e n e v a Anothe Deadlock!" Dudlock! From Home: "Elizabeth Taylo and Richard Burton did the nigh club bit. holding hands and kis ing on the dance floors." Isn't Mr. Burton the same fe ow who only 10 days ago saic le would like lo "throttle th damn b -- d who started this lie" Broadway Rainbow: As the "N Strings" cast were acknowledg ng scads of curtain-calls we has ened lo the stage door to catc eading lady Diahann Carroll be 'ore she climbed the golden stair to her undressingroom. . .Givin alented leading man Richan filey a large Brush (with a mere "Congratulations!") we embraced his co-star and breathlessly orated: "Oh, it is such a very goo( show! And I am so happy for you!". . ."I was wondering when 'ou'd finally come see us," she said, offering a tasty kiss. . ." ust wanted to tell you how muc loved the show, so long!". . . As she waved bye-bye -- we callec jack: "La Cienega!". . ."Huh?" mh'd Broadway's new darling. . . We kept on going -- knowing she thawt we were trying to be cute wilh a ta-ta in some foreign lingo . . ."La Cienega". . .The name of a Hollywood boulevard. . .The ocation of a bar grill callei "The Capri".,. . Where we first met her beauty and song-stylin; 7 years ago. . .When she was 1 . .After two Orchids here her next stop was Broadway (at The Alvin 'heater) where she confirmed our skewp opening night in "House of Flowers" by stopping the show colder than David Merrick's hear . . .And the star, Pearl Bailey, graciously refused to start the next number until newcomer Dia- lann Carroll had taken another half-dozen bows. 1 The Washington Window s, By Lyle C. Wilson W A S H I N G T O N (UPI) s President Kennedy's 10-year plan s to force-feed $20 billion into the s. economy of Latin American slates n is a sitting duck for any sharp- c shooter so inclined. r- This is the Alliance For Pro- i- gress (AFP) plan. It is under s aggressive Republican attack. 5 - Republican fire is centered on o Brazil where AFP is in enough i trouble to make it an especially , inviting target, t Trouble is that Brazil's Presi- 1 dent Joao Goulart is not a sturdy e ally of the West against the - Soviet Union but more a neutral- Â· ist. Further, by federal or in- ividual state action, foreign e properties in Brazil have been i seized and there may be more . of that. Adequate compensation - for these properties has not been s agreed upon. Brazil Is Key So, if you want to wound AFP, shoot at tile most inviting target in Latin America. Brazil probably qualifies. Moreover, Brazil is ic Latin American state be- r lievcd by President Kennedy to be the most important in the - AFP effort. One of those as- razil-goes - so- goes - all ol * La in America situations. White House visitors in recent months lave come away well aware thai Kennedy regards AFP success in Irazil as the keystone of U.S. orcign policy in the Western Hemisphere. AFP is about 1.1 months old. Kennedy originally proposed $20 billion in loans and grants over 10 years; long term loans up lo ' 50 years at low interest or no Interest at all. The AFP chnrlcr provided that: "Kor their part, the counlrii's of ,alin America agree to devote a rapidly increasing share of Ihcir own resources to economir and social development and lo make reforms necessary to assure that all share fully in the trails of the AFP." Latin America is dragging its heels on this promise lo reform its social and economic institutions. That is another inviting AFP target for the intereslec sharpshooter. The Administration has been indirectly conceding its disappointment in this respect. More recently, AFP spokesmen have been counselling patience, in effect urging that the sharpshooters lay off AFP, despite difficulties arising around the program. They would be more persuasive if he boldly told the American people that the plan is not perfect, that disappointments are inevitable but that the alternative to cataclysmic trouble in Latin America is for something like AFP to take hold and to funclion. The hard facl is that Ihe ill-housed, ill-fed, ill-clothed of Latin America are ripe and ready for Communism. Juan Pcron Droved that in Argentine wilh lis shirtless ones. The objectives of AFP are as vitally among Hie national dc- ense objectives of the United States as are the astronaulical efforts at Cape Canaveral. The only sound and sensible objection o AFP is that the politicians do not dare levy taxes to pay for 1. If Iliey did levy taxes the cnucklelieadcd voters would proli- ibly would roust them out of office. The knucklehcads would prefer more dollar rolling dcficils lo higher taxation. That is faint iraise, indeed, for democracy in vliioh the majority is assumed ilwiiys lo be right merely be- MUSO it is Ihe most numerous. 3f course, courageous politicians vould bike taxes despite Ihc nucklchcads. Fat chance! - ~ ' ---- *-- \-^i_ ^ ~ ^^" IREL/- - - W/Â£e. M. ' ii "Of all things, Father - - I was 20 minutes late for school today!" The Hollywood Scene By Vernon Scott HOLLYWOOD (UPI) -- David Janssen departed his "Richart )iamond, private detective" te] evision series Iwo years ago become a full fledged movie After six pictures Dave i something ess than fledged, ful or otherwise. Five of the six films wereout right brodies. Janssen, a man o! no little alent, admits none of them ap )roaches "Ben-Hur" or "Gone With The Wind," but he is giving movies his best shot in hopes o letter things to come. "My first picture, 'Hell to Eter nil) 1 ,' was a hit with the critics and it made money," he said, squeezing a slice of lemon into a glass of noonday tomato juice. After that came the disasters. "Remember 'Dondi'?" he asked. No? Well neither does anyone Ise. That picture brought back adio and home slides. It was ne of Ihe great bombs of our :me. "Then there was 'King of the Roaring 20's.' I played a gang- ter. The picture wasn't a catas- rophe, but it wasn't a threat to WestSide Story" either." His fourth epic was "Twenty 'lus Two," which Janssen de- cribes as a turkey. Not just e A l m a n a c By United Press International Today is Monday, April 16, the 06th day of the year with 259 o follow in 1962. The moon is approaching its 11 phase. The morning stars are Jupiter nd Saturn. The evening star is Venus. On this day in history: In 1862, Congress abolished avery in the District of Colum- a and appropriated $100,000 for aves wishing to emigrate to Li- jeria or Haiti. In 1817, Nikoali Lenin, his wife nd so me 30 Bolshevik leaders rland where they had been ex- ed. In 1047, one of the nation's orst disasters struck Texas City, ex., alter a nitrate-laden French reighter exploded at a dock, ore than 500 died and property image ran over ?50 million. A Ihought for the day: Soviet ader Nikolai Lenin said: ""It is ue that liberty is precious-- so Â·ecious lhat it must be rationed." odinary run of the mine variety, scribes as a turkey. Not just the ordinary run of the mine variety, this bird was turkey a a king. "After that I settled for an adventure drama, "R ng of Fire.' It was a qualified disappointment. "The sixth was 'Mantrap,' and it just sort of laid there. You might say it got less than critical acclaim. But it was Edmond O'Brien's first job as director of a major picture." Perhaps seven will p r o v e Dave's lucky number. He currently is costarring with Debbie Reynolds in "My Six Loves." It marks the first time the handsome actor has worked with a star of Debbie's magni- ludeand his initial appearance in a movie costing more Ulan a million dollars. To what docs Dave attribute his appalling celluloid record? "1 wish I knew," he said wistfully. "1 don't think I fit into the category of television personali- t es who have failed to make the grade in picturs. Most of thrn lave haij no prior experience as actors before becoming overnight sensations." Would Dave prefer to be a successful saar in a video series to starring in mediocre pictures? "If I can'l get the kind of pictures 1 want then I'U return xi a TV series. I've been out of TV for two years now and if I'm not satisfied with future movies I'd be inclined to return to television. "But at least I want the satis- action of knowing I got to bat n the major leagues." Quotes From The News SOUTHERN PINES, N. C.-The sister of U.N. Ambassador Adlai Stevenson, allacking the policies of the Daughters of the American Revolution (DAR) from which she Â·esigned: "They are wholly out of line vith the policies of the United States of America as formulated iy both the Republican and Democratic party, and as overwhelm- ngly endorsed by a majority of American voters." SENATOR CAUCUS, by Pete Wyma I \piii? 5 c Â©ftflfflK ^-pH i'y ^ ^ r^~ ir'vf ^A 3z SiLW ^/^a 'v* Copr. 42 Gon'l Featurol Corp, TM-W S'^tLjill^jg UN ^ 3 ^iWI^^ xld R*gM( Rtvd.. ' "Oh, to be the President's age again!"
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