3-, 1920 • VOLUME 17 Carb%dale— "Athens .--of Egypt." " " " ' CARBONDALE, ILLINOIS,', ^, 1920 ; FRIDAY, APRIL 9, 1320 NUMBER 149 NO-CONCRETE ROADSj GRADE WORIMO START State Department Announces High Prices Ta : boo For Putting I^ard Surfaces On Hard Roads .In Any Part Of The State -Entire Department and Fleet Entered System ' ' - lnto Prosecution ° f War with Admiral Wilson Testifies Ships • v ; Were Fit When"U.'S. ' : Joined Allies. PLANS FULL AD COMPLETE At a coni"ero:'ce held.in the governor's office between Governor Lo-wden, liirtctor Bennett' of the. Department of Public Works .£i;.'d Builrtiings, 'and. Messrs. JBr.ad,t and Older of tlie Division of Highways, it was decided thai .the Division of Highways would bc» g.in~at once and pr.oceed as.-raip.idly as .possible wath the heavy, grading' ar..d the construction of buidgcs and, .culvert's -on the'State bond issue system, ' ' Owing to the 1-aiek of tuan?,porta- tion, high construction costs, ' ar.d high pr.ice of jnoney, no'attempt will :he made at this time to "award new contracts "for puttkig; a hard surface on any part of this system. ..This is jn accordance with the decision reached at a conference held savea'al weeks ,a.go concerning which a statement was issued at the time. lii earry.ing on. the work of highway improvement even in a prairie' r .state" like Illinois many sectior..s of ',ro.a~d are found wjhere unusual fills 01- euts~are necessary. Wherever such' (places are encountered it is r..ot .deemed expedient to construct a hard surface until the fill has been allowed ito stand for at least a season, giving the earth" an opportunity to settle land thus furnishing a soJid grade ,ijpon- which .to place .the imtpro.v-e- aner.t. By doiijg this work now the entire iroad will be placed in seiTvice a year earlier than would be possible, if .it iis deilayed until the contracts' are .awarded for surfacing the level sec- itions on which there is but' littl-e grading. \ '., The only uncertain factor in carrying on this work; so far as can be seen at the present time, is the possibility that contractors will be un- •aibli to sacure steel for bridge construction, 'but it is hoped- that this can • 'be overcom-c. ' • • Tt is the determiratipn. of the governor and the de/par.tment to do everything possible and consistent with present conditions to bring aibout ,the earliest possible improvement of tho Bond Issue Syste'm. •''-' Contractors are ready to start on the Federal 'AM.System, and it'is expected that this system of aver 800 miles will be put into service by the close of the present seiason: unless the present shortage of oars prevents the regular^ prompt and steady delivery •of m'ateirials to .the contractors. j Greatest Eneray —- Mistakes Not Worth Considering. Washington, April fi.—Thy vessels on tlie .-ictivi" list of fln> navy were nuvi'r hi'tli'i 1 iiri.'jiriri'd I'or war Hum whim the . riilii'd .SI a ten .joined the (lilies and Hie navy departmi'iit had "l-ii 11 ami complete" plan* to combat ii GiM'inan offensive against the coa'sts of ili<> United Stafvi--, Admiral H. B Wilson told the senate committee investigating rlie navy dcpjii'tiiieiit'si conduct ol' tlie worhl.war. . Replying to criticisms in the lettei from Hear Admiral Sims to Swi-etury Daniels'that caused the Investigation Admirnl Wilson asserted Hint "from ithe 'moment war was declared the entire navy department as well us the fleet—entered into the'prosecution of the war with flu; greatest energy." Headed Patrol Force. Admirnl Wilson, now commander in BAIL STRIKERS . NEW CLASH ON DEFY THE U,&' Leader, Openly-Boasts oi Blowing Up Bridge at Minneapolis. Ebert Officer Wounded When Pa' trols Exchange-Shots North of Homburg. ,STRIKE SPREADS OVER U, 1 GERMANS USE GAS ON REDS I waters ad.iiiCi'iit to tbe Unitnl States nnd latf>r, based on Brest, France, cooperated. In prnlecting allied convoys In the war /.one. Within four days after this country entered tho war representatives of tlie allied admiralities were in conference with Secretary Daniels and naval officers in Washington outlining means by which tbe most effective assistance cnultl" be rendered, tbe witness de r clared. So far as lie knew. Admiral Wilson said, every suggestion or proposition put forward by the allied officials was promptly agreed to and' p/ticieatly carried out Tho : .fnct that -the greater part of the American army was transported over 3,000. miles nf water without a life being lost through efforts of tlie enemy.^testified to the success of this i co-operation, the admiral asserted. j Harmony From the First. I. "Our naval forces I-wii the sftart cooperated in a must successful inannor I'witli. tbe naval forces of our associates in many portions of tho? sens," i Admiral Wilson declared. ; .Mistakes tbe navy made during the war were so "relatively uniniporia'nr" that they..wore hardly worth considering-ill comparison wlfb/its fu-hieve- monf.s, tbe witness said. "No ..nation upon the approach of war .biis had a force nf battleships more,rtrtirly prepared I'm- buttle lliah the force, to which I was attached," Admiral Wilson'.testified. Oov. Frank O. Lowden of Illinois and'.Mrs. Lowden; top, the house "at Sunrise, Minn.,_in which the governor was rjorn; bottom, the schoolhouse where he learned. his A B C's. • [ ' TRAINMEN GET WAR SERVICE BRONZE MEDAL The grand lodge of the Brotherhood of Railway Trainmen has just made each local trainman a present .of a medal, awarded to those who were in the u'nii-form. ''in the world .war. The- medals sire given to each man- for loyally responding to their country's call. The medals ar-e beautiful bronze emblems. ' Those receiviBg the medals here aref Kay Thomas, \V. W. O-ow, Ed JDvans, Raymond Smith, F. E. Hagler, Jain'es Keelly, R. H. -Patterson. H. B. • .Omiiman, D. K. Copel^nd, Leonard Jackson, M. T. Croaich, A. A. Ford, Pred Dipped, H. A. Sfcautan:, Thos. Harland, J. F. Craig, W. J. Gruner, P. - J. Goalby, Wm. Gneigor.y, Wdlley House, M. F.'Williams, D. Williams, ,"W. JB. Davis, S. R. THE BRAT (A. ph.e3mm'eaal success and different f.ram an'yibHing Nazimova has «ver. played -before. Bjarth theatre, uesday, 'AjHal 12 and 13 SUMMARY OF RA!L STRIKE THROUGHOUT .U; 8, Chicago—8,000 men out; freight traffic 30 to 40 per cent normal; 40,000 packing plant workers idle, with complete suspension of stock yar.ds in prospect. . Buffalo—From 1,500 to 2,700 men idle; freight embargo. . Kansas City—200 to 500. men out; freight embargo. '-.' Los Angeles—1,200 men on transcontinental lines on strike. Toledo—600 man out; critical freight tieup in 24 hours predicted. Detroit—1,000 men out; 500 more expected to follow.. Ji,..-.' Gary—300 to 400 men idle; 350 B. of. R. T. vote to s,tay on-job.' East St. Louis—200 out; 5,000 in St. Louis vote to strike. Decatur—107 strike. • -' ' •" • Joliet—50 strike; Chicago, Joliet & Eastern men refuse to join walkout.^ Springfield, III.^Baltimore & Ohio men strike. , Coltorr, Cal.—50 Southern Pacific switchmen quit; freight'stalled;-' . Cleveland—1,500 switchmen take strike vote. Niagara Falls—Switchmen refuse to strike after listening to appeal from Buffalo radicals. . / - Elmtra—Yardmen of Delaware, Lackawanna & Western, the New York Central and Lehigh Valley ordered out. Pittsburgh—2,000 Pennsylvania lines switchmen vote to strike. Memphis—Yardmen on all but two roads-entering crty vote to strike unless demands-are. granted ' ' • • . • • Fort Wayne—Strike of 3,200 Pennsylvania lines shopmen believed settled! San Francisco—20 switchmen quit work, • . FOR U, S, RECOGNmON / MARSHAL FOCH IS OPTIMISTIC French Commander Sees No Real Danger in Present Events In ' , 1 : ' ' Germany. ' Paris, April 0.—The evening news- paperslfluote Marshal Foci) as making the following statement: "It is impossible _for Germany to start n'new war-now.' Though we cannot, of course, foresee how anything will end, I believe that present events in Germany present no real danger. "The unity of the allies is perfect. AH nations understand that France is not pursuing an imperialistic policy, but only intends to force Germany to fulfill the treaty. Personally, I nm an optimist."' \ ..' Wells Knocks Out McGoorty. London, .April 9.—Bombardier 'Wells knocked oat Eddie McGoorty in 16 rounds. Genenal Tieup in Florence. London, April 9.—A general strike has been declared in Florence, Italy, according to a Rome dispatch to the Exchange'Telegraph company. Hamilton Supply Now Is C'dale Grocery Company BT UNITED PRESS. ' SPRINGFIELD, ILL., April S— Xhc Hamilton Supply Co., of Carbondale, 111., today certified to a change in name to'the Carboridale Grocery Co. DU QUOIN PASSES 7000 MARK; TOWN'S GAIN NEARLY 2000 WASHINGTON, April 8.—The Census Bureau today announced the 1920 Bopul'a-'tion of CollinsviiHe as 9,763 and Du Quoin ia* 7,285, an increase siince 1910 for ICollinsville of 2;275 or .30.4 pet- cen!t, ; and for Du : Quom '1;831 or 33,6 per cwtr. : Red Trade Delegation Indicates . Political Objects Come First. Sweden Forced to Remove Ban on Litvihoff—Trotzky Lauds Compulsory Work. Copenhagen, Denmark, April 9.— Conversations with members of the Russian commercial delegation; which lias arrived, bore give tbe impression •in amliorarive circiles thap it Is seeking political 'objects primarily to se- .cure recognition of the soviet government by tlie United Stales and the allied powers?. Sweden recently placed a ban on Maxim Litvinoi't', soviet.assistant minister of foreign affairs, hut bag been obliged reluctantly to reverse its position after Al. Telitlclmriii,- soviet, minister of foreign al'i'airs, threatened to break 'off all toiniuerdal relations between the two countries. Moscow, Russia. April <J.-^lIilitari- zation. is tbe only means to utilize Russia's nmn power- fully,! sitid Luon Trotxlcy, bolshevist minister of \vaiv addressing the nlutli convention of tile, communist party. Tbe address was' ehielly directed to defining tbe relation of the mobilization of the Industries to tlie industrial rehabilitation o£ •Kussia. 1 "Mobilixation is_more necessary now than it 'was formerly," be • declared', "because we have to deal with tlie' peasant population and masses of unskilled labor, which cannot be utilized to. tbe fullest extent b.v nny other means tban military discipline. Trade unions are,capable oi organizing great masses of <iualltied workers, but 30 per ceut of .the people cannot be reached by tb is means." .* Commissar Trorxky declared thu working army, built on the principle of compulsory work, . was no lest productive tuaii was the old system of competition. The,general tenor of the speech was in support of centralization of power in the bands of a strong government. RIDE IN TAXIS Chicajo Street Cars Top Slow for Workmen Earning From $60 to . . . • $80 a Week. , - •Chicago, April D.—The. beastly street car service is such a bore, ol 1 chap, that really, you know 1 you can't Sipect an exclusive bricklayer or plumber to irido in one of the tilings. Sn they've taken to going t'o work. Ib taxicabs. 'S a fact. It can be verified nny .day on "Lake Shore drive, where the new Drake hotf-l-is hpin^ bvylt, .or at lann Xoi-th State street, 'wh'e're the Amliassadnv "lin'tel is tinder construction. .- ' ' . ' •T-get .from .ffid to ?SO a week, and 't costs'about six bits to fide'nvei- in a taxi, .so why. should r take chances •DH'a ciMwded si reet oirV ' Conrad Holsinanker'' .ol: 2322'Morris avenue..is' speaking, ar.d is voicing tbe sentimeiits of fellow workmen who nre on.1o.vii.ig .tlie (R: luxe iransportnti'on now in vogue among, the downtrodd'cn f:oiL^i' classes. Holsmacker is a brid;layer. He takes iv laxi to \vm-k when his snn-in- iaw fails to call fen him In the morning with his Pin-. 87 DEAD YANKS'" ARRIVE I Army Transport Nanse'mond Bring? Bodies of the American Heroes Home for Burial.-- ' NSNV York. April !i.—Bringing 1 .frririi Soiitlin.iiipLnn, : i England, hodies. of- S7 AmerU'.'in soltliei 1 .- 1 wiin died jn fii ( . service hf tlioir roimlr.v on fore,lgn soil, tlur ariny tnmsiiort Nansemond .Jlocked here, her lla.s at half-must: 1 ' The bodies were those of^ enlisted men, most -of-wlicm ilied during the -war at aviation.-and base-camps in" 1 Oront Britain. They were brought hmrie by "the governiucnt for. delivery : to "relatives and friends and Cor tina! interm'oht in co'tno.teries pt their native. . -land. | From' tliis port they will be shipped ' .within a -few days to virtually every state in the Union, Encli body, en-, • eased -in a m.etal-lined. flag-draped caftlcer, will be accnnipahled by a: soldier guard. ' ! . :• Insurgents Hoot Down Old Chiefs at Meeting Called by the Conserva- ' tive Leaders—I. W. W. Man / Takes Control of Hall. ' : Gh.lcago, • Anvil 11.—Willie . reports piled into djii.i-agn with details of the spread of ^ Hie switchmen's, strike, which originated here, a meeting supposedly, of loyal mil-oil switchmen' was taken over by radicals, \vlio at'/'gnu time cliornsed''tlieir "belief that they were "stronger • tJ.i.'in tlie United Slates." - - ••'- ••' .--.-•' Tlie, conservative rnilroa'd unions were being deserted li'y their erstwhile membership. "And. the newly Conned 'unions—nota'bly thf^ Yard-'men's .association am] the United En- ginemen's "association —-' have come forth with platforms' calculated 'to destroy . the. lalmir qrKii.ni7.ati.ons which have contracted "with the railroads. Loyalists Call Meeting. ( A study of news dispatches makes possible a background'.'for-a picture of general., conditions, striking -<1e- riiils of which were painted at tlie meeting. . . '_ . . Samuel I-?. Heberling, international president of rlie iSwilclimeirs Union of Xonh America, who came to Chicago to make a desperate effort to curb tlie disintegration ol: his .union and (he ofitliuv strike., with loyal union associates, culled- a meeting 1 ; of the union members.. This meeting supposedly wns. protected against "packing" by radicals. But when W. ,T.--'Trost arose to open the session lie''was hooted from- the platform. He is a conservative .and, like other officials "of the old union. Is opposed to tlie strike.. ,. • . ;. ...i. llr. Heherling talked for,a- time, interrupted by jeers and. hisses. "Bigger Than U. S." ' "This strike is illegal," the international, president- said. "Yon men. ran't get away with It. Do yon think you're higher than the United States?" ' ' At least r>00 voices screamed the unexpected answer. _"Yes!", . •' ;Vnd then, before a body of . newspaper men openly- admitting their identity,. and \vitlr-.n score-of-secret service men'.find' police detectives ill Hie audience, E. C. Estey, -leader of the Yfinl Jle'nV'association, mounted the platform,, .took coiii-rol of the' meeting away from Messrs. Hebor^. ling .and-Tro'st, and--shouted to loud- nppi'oval the.-radical" methods that must lie taken.to. win the "strike." fejls I.'W.-w! Methods.". : . 1 Estey is an.I.-W. -W. Here is what he boasted of-.before -tlie ejitiiusia.stic switchmen: . • ".Tust to show you.wh'o-I am—I was a.leader of tbe>"switchmen's strike in. Minneapolis in 1910 and ]9i:.'- I-found some ortthe switchmen a little timid about going .into, tlie strike whole- heVirtedly. So 1, went, to the I. W. "TO. l4 WIth a few loyal- Wbbblies T crawled through" n, militia -griarrt, and in. one night wrecked four passenger trains,and .seven, freights.,.'Vriie. iiext night I blew up.the. railroad roundhouse.- And on the. night following that I blew up a railroad bridge". '-I remember the date—April 11. WI.O. "The bridge, crossing the Mississippi to Minneapolis to this, day is supposed to..have gone down before ah. ice'jam;" Confession. It Cheered. * Tlie speaker's '"confidence" was .received with enthusiasm. ,. . '•:;... . "Do yon know, what we. did? Why. we won Hint strike,'' he .shouted. "It; was because we applied John Giinau tactics to the' strike work! Those -are tlie only tactics that can" wJn.and those we. must use now." ...... John Granau was tlie organizer of the outlaw switchmen's union In' Chicago—the Yardmen's,association, ,'rtc ;ame' immediately .president of the union and, wltlf~the overnight spread nf the orgnni:;ation'-to other, parts of the country, .now. lias become the international president of .n continental vardmen's association. . After he was practicnlly driven from tl\e meeting he. called, President Heberling : of. the .legitimate switcbmen's union a'clmitted. the. switcbmen's union was controlled by the "reds." "Our own union has lost some of. its men;." he said.' "The situation appears bad. We still believe,- however, that rational thinking will prevail." Police and Strikers in Collision at Bologna, According to Dispatch From .That City. . Home, April .9.—Seven .workers were rilled In a clash between police and strikers at Bologna,, according to B lispatch from that city. ' Bombard Ducceldorf " With, Poison Sbcllc—French • Troops Rastore •'•Lorder 'in Frankfort—Wilson Won't Oppooe French Action. • Paris-, April !>.—It: -\x reported from '. ('oblcii/, fbar Iliore b.-is I'-een a i-ollisinn ot French :in<l Cenijan patrols between Bad Nauhi'inv sn'.d Niftier \VoH- stailf; iiiirrh of l-kimbury. 'In tlie.cx- • diange of .shots a (iei'miin otlicei- was -wounded. Tin; report is not c.ontinii!".'. from ntl'ier sources. 1 Ueinnan regular troops .have bom- liarded IJnsseldoi-f witli gas'sbells, ac- c'ording'to 'a Mayem-o dispatcli to tlie IJatln. ,. . -.• A-" nsfe-. prepared by Prepiier Mil~ lei'nml \vas read to the ambassodnrs and ..tlieiii -delivered to -the (leniia.ii charge d'affaires, Willielin yon Mayer. in which"' Hie preniieif "declared tbiil Ifi'anve had taken great, care to inform and consult with the allies before occupying the Ivhine cities. Merciless repression by the lieicbs- tvelir forces in Hie .Kcibr basin is re- 'rioi-ted by fiisirives arriving ln'1-Yank- 't'ort. accon|iiig lo a Ma.vence dispatcl to Uie Journal des Debats. Tin 1 fiis^i tives allege they witnessed the slmoi i'ng of all Wusfpliiilians who jaid.dowi tbeir arms. Restore Order in Frankfort. Frankfort, April!).—Tlie cbisli in Uit Scbillerplarx between Krencb n-oop: and. the population, resulting in tin killing of six Germans and tbe wound iu'g of tbirty-h've> was followed by ;.- stroiiK display of Frencli military force, which brought: Hie . re*toratioi .of order by the time darkness had se. in.'. . ' ^. It lyas-a'-nimor-tbat Hve French hai been forced by tbe pressure of Hie al lies and the United States to withdraw frorii Hie city, flint' started (be trouble. The crowd jeered and tanntei 1 the troops,-yelling. "You've got to gei out!" at Hie Senegalese' who were pi; trolling in front of the gtiardslionse oi Hie square. A French oflicer ordered tbe crowi to.dispwse and .when . the .order vva ignored n macliine giiii" was bi-ougli into ' play, bistiirb.-inces also occurred In" .other parts of" the t-it'y. : ^'Germans Get Week's Grace. '•"London.. April !).—A. \,Tfek> addition al grace -lias been given- Germany fn. tlie: withdrawal-of lier troops from tin neutral /.one. ,tlie I-Jveiilng News sny it understHiids. Tills would exleni -file time to 'April 17." •.'' ' * In Aiigiist<)f lust year tbe suprenu coiiiicil coiisente'd l'o a p'rovisio'iiai in crease of Hie' (iermuii- gcndannej-ii troops in:tlie'neut'nil xone-beyonil tbi Rbiue for three months after the peact treaty'should go into effect.' -It wa,- recognized.v.at" tli(j time, ii was- said that the . /ores, provided ..for in ui.i treaty was, considered inudequ'ate tt inaintaln orde>\ The peace treatt 'became effecflve .January 10 and 5hi three''mpnths,: extension, granted ex •pi res Arjrii 10. . . * ' ' '• Wilson Won/t Oppose France. .: Washington, April 9.—The German government. wilU be .disappointed if ii expects President' "Wilson to oa!l France to -slmi-p. account for Hie ad- vflnce..of .French;.:troop's, iuto. Geniiany. While -fills govej'niuent does no.t up- .prove, the. entiire action ,of France ir, this matter^it i* disposet! trt-.wei^i the cii-cumsh'inc'es witli a sympathetic uii- rtei-stninling. .Otticials'Jiere do not-see aiiythiiig ^sinister in : tiie?" policy oi France and --are .disp6s?d"'to ncoept Premier''-Milleramrs. staleme'nt "as a rensonable indk'atioir of- :l-Jie French position. '"'..' '"•...-.-• Such- i-ecniilesence of militarisui as Hie French .march into Germany may suggest; does-.not niter--'the disposition bare to realize that the failure of til? United States to . ratify ': the pence treaty has encouraged, and, in -part, justified France in.'looking after her own interests until, such time as the liengue of Nations is firmly established.: The French action, -however, generally Iff regarded ns lucking in foresight. ...-.' . Says Situation Delicate. London, April 0.—After' a long conference the .French'• iimba.ssadoiC Paul Cambon,^ had with Premier Lloyd George-.aud> a; full -'discussion' ' : of the FrancofGerihan-incident'by the cabinet council, at which the Frencli view was fully., explained to. the British ministers,; all authoritative^ •statement was:issued-to the effect-.that France acted entirely,on her own initiative ia deciding .to- occupy" Germau towns; that.Great Britain; tlie United States, Etaly :and Belgium .were all opposed to the plan,, and tliat JTrari(ie.'s action has caused-a-de!'icate'.sltii'ation.' .- .'•'• '• •'• '/ • STATE TAXES 20 PER CENT tESStHAN1918 .SPKI^CFIELD, III., April _9.—Because- .ot numerous -inquiries he is fe- ceivr-g regarding- state tixis, l-'iank F. Noleman, chairman of the Jllir.ois T-;x Commission) -today gav-e..oufc--a statement exp!ainin-j;: fchalt although taxes m many communities are higher than they, wtrc- las: year, the ,st;te"tax rate, the only ra't= ; over. ,which the state has any jurisdiction, .is 20 per cent lower Vhan in 1918 and' 33 pur ccrit low-er than in. 1917. • "IT the tax p;yer -will Examine hi:tax receipts.'"' Mr, Nolenin 1 .. said, "he -will tir.-! t!ir-i 'v- totai tar: : ; made up from nio amour.t of state, county, .ro;<J and bridge,' township, schools .and whatever special tax may te- a<s- sess=d for other purposes. Taxes in. Illinois assessedjay the local tax offi^ ei.:-ls show -'a-, gftieral increase this y^ar. At the .same time the state rate was raduced. during the same. period 20 per cent from I he amount assessed in 1918. " : Notwithstanding this decrease in the .stote tax rate, the increase 1 fn the taxes assessed by the Icaal officials hi many cases was such" as to in- creaise -the total. '"i'le'Stite authorftus have noth- -n-g to -do with fixing the tax rates •'or county, r.old and bridijr^, towx- 5hip, schools, e'c cetera taxes. Inquiry of the local assessor or county ;reasurer .will give the taxpfyer de;ailed: information as to just how his taxes were made up. He ,wi!P find / ipon reference.to them that his taxes for state purposes were lower by 20 per cent in 1919 th^a. in th-e' preceding year. - . • "J:>ome months ago the State !Tax Coinmission suggested to local tax ^olkcting officials. the. adisisability ol uniform, itemized receipts "which •A-ould x mufce it plain to the .imliVMl- •ial tax payer just ihow his tax money was divided. Many loca-Iities " have adopted' this form, but "the law does ot give the .State Tax .Commission my authority to compel its use.'The reduction in stats taxes has »een made ^ssibl^ it fcT pointed •". by the incre-sed efficiency of tihe "ate government undor the admSai*- rativc c«d- e-.aated; under the at administration. : - v AM.'L§Si5ic-. JURE SHOW IS , POSTPONED The proposed ; motion- jxictui-e .show hich to be given by the An-r- STILL ON STRIKE It -wus .reported a few day Aattho. Piu-mbe,^ strike in "hat n ^ iA ' Jt Was ^om not s , y '4100 CARBONDAEE TWP. .
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