Independent from Long Beach, California on January 24, 1975 · Page 8
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Independent from Long Beach, California · Page 8

Long Beach, California
Issue Date:
Friday, January 24, 1975
Page 8
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^-INDEPENDENT JAM) PRESS-TELEGRAM (PM) LWJ BUCK, am., Fri., j«. », i w AFL-CIO urges ban on Arab oil New York Timi»s Service WASHINGTON--Leaders of the AFL-CiO caiied Thursday for an outright ban on oil imported from the Arab nations that took part in the 1973-197-1 boycott and for rationing at home. They also proposed that importation of oil be taken out of private hands and handled by the government as part of a six-point program for curing the nation's "economic emergency." The general board of the AFL-CIO, meeting in an emergency session, rejected President Ford's economic program. AFL-CIO President George Meany called the program "the weirdest one I have ever seen." Meany also rejected proposals made by congre- sional Democrats as "press statements" with no substance. Secretary-treasurer Lane Kirkland said that the President's program "would mean more inflation, more recession and more unemployment." WITH LITTLE debate, the federation's leadership endorsed its own six-point program that included the Arab oil ban, a $20 billion tax cut, public works programs and improved benefits for the unemployed They promised to lobby hard for the program, and at least four leaders talked of demonstrations in Washington. OIL WARNING (Continued from Page A-1V On energy and econom- mentioned reports t h a t three U.S. divisions were ready for possible action in the Middle East. Ford responded he didn't think he should "talk about any particular military contingency p l a n s , " and minutes later, a Pentagon spokesman declared: "We have no plan to send any divisions to the Middle East." Ford said a new oil embargo would produce a very serious situation because the oil cartel might present a more solid front than d u r i n g the 1973 embargo when the United States continued to receive shipments from non- Arab oil producers. A tougher embargo, he said, would require "more drastic action." But he said gasoline rationing would be a last resort in such a case. The questioning ranged from the domestic economy to foreign policy. In discussing the Middle East, Ford said he was hopeful t h a t Kissinger's step-by-step a p p r o a c h would reach a negotiated settlement. "If we don't try to move in this direction at this time," he said, "I think we might lose a unique opportunity." SHOULD the Kissinger e f f o r t f a l t e r . Ford acknowledged t h a t "we would probably have to go to Geneva" for A r a b Israeli talks. The Soviet Union has pressed for Geneva negotiations while the United States has opposed such a conference for now. The President said the administration was in contact with the Kremlin and "the Soviet Union is playing a part even at the p r e s e n t t i m e " in the search for Middle East peace. Ford also plumped hard for his SSOO-million military aid request for South Vietnam. He said Ambassador Graham Martin had assured him that Saigon "would be over the hump militarily and economically" if adequate aid is made available in two or three years. Bui the President, re- c a l l i n g past optimistic prophecies, commented: "We've been told that before." HE CHARGED Hanoi with "total disregard" of the 1973 peace accords and said the South Vietnamese "deserve some help." ic issues, Ford defended his imposition of tariffs on f o r e i g n oil imports, declaring that failure to act "would have been a sign of weakness around the world." IN WHAT the network billed as "A Conversation w i t h President Ford," C h a n c e l l o r and Tom Brokaw questioned Ford about his energy and economic proposals. The President again declared his opposition to g a s o l i n e rationing and said he preferred a fuel a l l o c a t i o n s y s t e m to mandatory rationing. He indicated a willingness to compromise on some of his economic recommendations, saying, "I d o n ' t C o n t e n d my proposal is 100 per cent right." In other a r e a s , the President said: · · · · -- " U n d e r no circumstances," should the FBI spy on members of.Con- gress or on American citizens. But he said there, were proper areas..for. FBI investigation, a n d . w hen these generated. information in a peripheral way a b o u t congress- m e n , t h a t information should be given to the legislators involved. --He felt it would be premature for him to judge the charges of CIA domestic s p y i n g . "Mistakes were made, going back to 1964 or 1965; it has stopped now." he. said. "For me to say on this program that Mr. A did something that was illegal or that the group did something that was totally wrong" would be premature for him before he gets the report of a blue-ribbon citizens commission headed by Vice P r e s i d e n t Nelson A. R o c k e f e l l e r . ( R e l a t e d story on Page A-51 --Asked about Watergate figures who have received big advances from publishers for their books, Ford said. "I think it will bother a good m a n y Americans young and old. 1 wouldn't buy the book." --He suggested he might not be a candidate for the presidency in 1976 if e c o n o m i c conditions then were so grim that he would have little chance of winning. But he said he - w a s confident the economy will be a lot better next year than it is now and "people will have a fresher, more optimistic point of view." Major Democratic reform rolled back WASHINGTON (AP) The Democratic Party's Compliance Review Commission rolled back a m a j o r p a r t y r e f o r m Thursday, reopening fact i o n a l d i v i s i o n s w i t h threats of lawsuits and hints of a black walkout. The renewal of fighting came as the commission placed a narrow definition on p a r t y law which requires reform rules to be carried to "all p a r t y levels." The definition, adopted as part of implementing regulations for the Iffifi delegate selection niles, limits "all parly affairs" striciiy in !·"« delegate selection and to s t a t e level officials. Thursday's a c t i o n extends the reform rules and national party control beyond where they had been in past presidential election years, but draws them back considerably f r o m where the Democrats' reform commission and Kansas City minicon- vention has l e f t t h e m previously. Mayor Richard HutelKT of Gary, Ind., charged in an impromptu press conference outside the meet- i n g room that t h e comm i s s i o n h a d " e m a s c u l a t e d " I h e reform rules. TARIFF (Continued from Page A-l) nounced he would veto any bill calling for rationing. In the House, the Ways omi M£;}«5 Committee in an effort to force Ford's hand, moved to attach a bill suspending the oil tariff increase to a pending vital debt ceiling bill. Committee Chairman Al Ullman, D-Ore., said he expects the committee to complete action on the bill today and predicted the two bills would be combined. Later, appearing in a t e l e v i s i o n i n t e r v i e w Thursday night, Ford said that if his plan for imposing energy taxes were rejected he would accept arbitrary allocation of petroleum products instead. A move to arbitrary allocations, he said, would have the desired effect of cutting back on importation of foreign oil but would require less of a bureaucracy to impose than rationing, which he described as a "last resort." A r b i t r a r y allocations would amount to the cutting back on oil imports and the government's deciding how a limited amount of gasoline, heating oil and other petroleum products would be dist r i b u t e d to regions, to industry and other segments of the population. Ford said any embargo by all major oil-exporting nations would force the nation into more drastic e n e r g y - c o n s e r v a t i o n measures, including gas rationing. FORD SAID rationing Would mean a limit of 9 gallons of gasoline per week for each driver in America. He contrasted the 36 gallons'that would be provided each month to current consumption of 50 gallons per month. He said rationing also would mean establishing ·a 15,000 to 20,000-perspn bureaucracy to administer it for "a minimum of f i v e years, probably 10 years." And he noted a probability that it would bring black, marketeering. "I' just don't think it would work," he said. The new- confrontation between Ford and the Congress was only one of ' s e v e r a l developments' here Thursday: --A group of 10 north- .e a s t e r n governors met- with Ford to discuss his e n e r g y p r o g r a m , and most of them echoed Gov. Hugh Carey of New _York, who said the tariff increases "would not effectively encourage energy conservation" but only worsen the recession. --Three top economists told the Joint Economic Committee t h a t Ford's energy program would, if implemented, nullify the stimulative effect of his . proposal to return some 51 6 billion to individual and corporate taxpayers tliis year and probably lead to another year of double-digit inflation. --The Federal Energy Administration (FE.-U, briefing members of Congress on the administration's energy proposals, said its studies show that they would cost the average American household an extra $275 to $345 a year and that almost half the average hike would come in higher prices for p e t r o l e u m by-products such as plastics and chemicals. --Treasury Secretary William Simon defended the oil import tariff as vital to the national security, telling the House Ways and Means Committee t h a t "anyone who lived through the 1973-74 oil embargo and watched the severe effect it had on our economy, and anyone PRESIDENT FORD finishes signing proclamation that boosts tariffs on imported oil Thursday at the White House. Looking on are Frank Zarb, left, Federal Energy administrator, and Alan Greenspan, chairman of the Council of Economic Advisers. who reads in the papers that $2 billion are leaving this country every month to pay for petroleum imports, could hardly con- elude that oil imports do not pose a threat to our national security." After signing the tariff proclamation, which he is authorized to do by the 1962 Trade Expansion act, Ford told reporters in an impromptu press conference that he did so "so we don't find ourselves being held hostage" by the m a j o r oil producing nations. "I HAVE just signed a proclamation w h i c h , in .my honest judgement, was necessary," he said, "not for the purpose of penalizing any state or any section, but for the purpose of solving our very critical energy problems." Declaring that the U.S. 'is very vulnerable to foreign oil producers," Ford said, "The American people want action...We have been on dead center for two years." I n f o r m e d t h a t Gov. M i c h a e l D u k a k i s of M a s s a c h u s e t t s had accused him of holding Congress "hostage" for his programs, Ford said that · w a s n ' t ' a " f a i r accusation...The total country w i l l be treated equally, including 'New England." Under his plan. Ford said, the states "will get a refund for any increased energy costs and individuals and businesses will get refunds. I think my plan is, equitable and comprehensive." FORD SAID his action --which would put a $1 tax on each barrel of imported crude oil beginning Feb. 1; $2 on March 1, and S3 on April 1--would give the nation a long- range energy program "that increases domestic energy supplies and encourages lasting conservation." However, three prominent economists warned the Joint Committee on Economics t h a t Ford's energy program would only trigger more inflation by increasing the price of gasoline, fuel oil and other petroleum products and prolong the recession by nullifying Ford's proposed tax rebate. Paul McCracken. chairman of the Council of Economic Advisers (CEA) in the Nixon administra- t i o n : G a r d n e r Aekley, CEA chairman in the Johnson administration; and C h a r l e s Schultze, budget director in the J o h n s o n administration, -AP Wlrephoto Rocky urges passage CHICAGO (UPI) - Vice President Nelson A. R o c k e f e l l e r Thursday night challenged Congress to either pass President Ford's economy and energy program or come up with one of its own to meet the country's most serious challenge "at any time short of war." Rockefeller, in his first speech since b e i n g confirmed as vice president, said Ford's plan was "a comprehensive program and a tough but good program." Rockefeller's a'ppcar- hefore a National Business Leadership Conference d i n n e r in a rked the first time an administration leader has taken the Ford program to the nation since Ford's State of the Union address. "Congress has the responsibility to respond positively by adopting the President's program or to come up with a program of its own which recognizes the critical nature of this situation and which is comprehensive and bold enough to deal with the crisis that confronts us," Rockefeller said. all urged that Ford withhold the tariff increase until Congress has had a chance to analyze its impact on the economy. Sen. Hubert Humphrey, D-Minn., presiding for the first time as chairman of the committee, agreed with the three witnesses. "Once you jack up the price of crude oil, you open a Pandora's box," he said. AT THE same time, Frank Zarb, director of the FEA, told the congressional briefing that the more the administration's programs and its alternatives are "exposed to public debate, 'the more we will get agreement that this is the general kind of approach that will work best." Zarb said his agency's studies show that under the Ford .plan the average U.S. household .would pay an extra $171 per year for all energy purposes and another $104 to $174 for petroleum products and other indirect increases caused, .by. .the tariff increase. Morioii for off shore oil drilling United Press International I n t e r i o r Secretary Rogers C. B. Morton defended offshore oil drilling practices Thursday. Morton said it would be a "criminal omission".if such drilling were ruled put as a moans of replenishing diminishing domes- tie oil supplies. He said that most ocean pollution by oil was due to spillage from tankers and not from wells. Morton spoke at a Los. Angeles news conference and at a Chamber of Commerce luncheon on the need for additional oil supplies. He said the Interior Dep a r t m e n t will not go ahead with offshore leases until "all the facts are in" and until an environmental impact report is filed. "I THINK if no area is leased and, we decide not to expand pur production of oil that in four or five years this country would be in very, very serious trouble," he said. "Certainly, t h e n , you can almost look back on this as almost a criminal omission because we're depleting our oil reserves today, at approximately 8 per cent a year. · "That means that at the end of 10 . years, you've depleted your oil production by 80 per cent. If you put an 80 per cent reduction in production of . domestic oil on to our economy the result would be catastrophic." MEANWHILE; in a tough new effort to make sure oil firms do not hold back potential offshore gas production, the Interior Department demanded that 10 companies explain why they have turned off wells drilled in the Outer Continental Shelf. . . Morton said any company failing to adequately justify closing, its wells must either put the wells back into production or risk losing its" offshore lease "for failure'to produce." Court removes hurdle $ to youth's graduation^ 17-year-old youth SANTA ROSA (AP) - A judge has ruled that^ who refused to run a HP ·;»{,,; volleyball game may not b« · »^ ^J^«^ P,»fg^| Sonoma County ruled Wednesday against Cover-.^ dale.Unified School District which refused to let-· Robert Coats graduate because he wouldn t run a ,, ?P 'Coats was to have been graduated last June. ' - . , The Youth Law Center of San Francisco wh ch filed suit on Coats' behalf said he had met all fte^ requirements for graduation but refused to run the^ laP 'The center said that the physical education,;-: teacher ordered Coats to run the lap after his team . lost a volleyball game and that it was punishment commonly imposed on less skillful athletes. I! Teacher in 'morals case' to be rehired FRESNQ (UPI) - The case of Linda Cairns, a Bakersfield schoolteacher fired in 1970 because she and a daughter lived with a man not her lawful husband, is over. Mrs. Cairns won. · . · . . A ruling by. the 5th Dist r i c t Court of Appeals W e d n e s d a y upheld a lower court ruling in favor. The school district said it would not appeal its contention that she was properly -fired .for "immoral conduct, dishonesty and evident unfitness lor service." The court ruled Mrs.' Cairns must be reinstated, in her position as. music teacher with full back pay from March 13, 1970, the day she was suspended. The ruling and the high school district's decision not to appeal the matter further was followed im: mediately by the resignation of the school's principal, Edwin J. Demello, who first suspended Mrs. Cairns. The court's opinion said in part, "A teacher's conduct cannot be used against her if it occurs outside the school and does not affect her ability to teach or the relationship with her students." The court said that in the case of Mrs. Cairns there was "a total absence of proof of any rela- tionship between her conduct and her ability to teach." - A spokesman for the district .said Mrs. Cairns-. would resume- her post as music teacher at the high . school on Monday. Mrs. Cairns was fired after she was arrested iij, November of 1969 on a, : . charge of contributing to" : the delinquency of her 12- year-old daughter by living with a man to whom she was not married.. The ,, charges later were dismissed. . Officials said the back; p a y due Mrs. Cairns ~ would amount to about $50,000. 2-year tab for Reagan's state ·jet $334,764 |i; SACRAMENTO (UPI) -J"; Former Gov. Ronald Rea»·'. gan's travels in/the state- leased executive jet cost C a l i f o r n i a taxpayer^, i 1 $334,764 during Reagan's last two years in office. In addition to hiS:Offi-". cial state flights, Reagan . ran up a $49,396' bill using;' the red, white and blue jet. for political activities.'. That tab was paid by ; Republican organizations'. CAWS FINAL DATS SALE ENDS SUNDAY, FEB. 2 reductions to

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