PAGE 14 T U C S O N D A I L Y C I T I Z E N MONDAY, FEBRUARY 5, .1971 Doctor Dr. Walter C. Alvarez is emeritus consultant in medicine of Ihe Mayo Clinic and emeritus professor of medicine of the Mayo Foundation. Children's eye test The University of California in Los Angeles warns tyat mothers should not wait until children enter first grade to have their eyes tested. This should be done between ages 3 and 4. The eye condition that afflicts young children 'and re-. duces the vision of perhaps '3 per cent of the population when it is untreated'is disuse amblyopia, or lazy eye, as it is called. " 'Dr. Leonard Apt, pediatric ophthalmologist at UCLA, says human infants are not born with normal, or 20-20, .vision. Visual acuity of infants is extremely low, but Â· it increases to a high leyel during the first few years. By about age 6, full visual development has taken place. Little can be done after this age to improve poor vision. Apt explains' that good vision by age 6 depends upon ; whether the eye can focus a clear image at a specific point in the back of the eye, called the fovea. If a child's eye is even slightly misaligned,' so that it turns slightly in or out, or if he is significantly nearsighted or farsighted, the fovea will not be stimulated properly and he will not develop proper vision. Apt feels that preschool vision testing is very important to discover minor .vision defects in children. As he says, children with marked defects are treated right away, but minor deviations often are overlooked. In a study of preschool children at UCLA's Mai-ion Davies Children's Clinic, Apt found that 5 per cent of the youngsters had reduced vision, and most of the parents had been unaware of it. If reduced vision due to misaligned eyes, or to near-or farsightedness, is discovered between ages 3 and 4, it usually can be corrected fairly easily. A patch can be placed, over the good eye .for awhile, to force the lazy eye to develop more acuity, or the youngster can be fitted with glasses. Apt says it is important for the mother of a preschool child to ask a pediatrician to check the child's eye. Diaphramalic hernia Dr. Walter C. Bornemeier, past president of the American Medical Association, says Â·the most important item in the management of a patient with this type of hernia is a correct diagnosis. I have seen hundreds of cases in which there was a slight hiatus hernia, but. I didn't pay -any attention to it for two reasons: One, because the rupture was very small, and only a very small part of the stomach went up into the chest; and two (and this is most important), the patient either had no symptoms from it or the symptoms he had could not possibly be those of a diaphragmatic hernia. It would have been easy, on examining X-rays, to say that the abdominal troubles of the patient were due to the hiatus hernia, but I know that such an easy assumption may lead to an incorrect diagnosis. In that case, a dangerous and difficult operation to repair the hernia would not do the patient any good and might cause him trouble. Â· Few eyes are perfect, especially after age 45. Dr. Alvarez gives you information about common defects of the eyes -- astigmatism, squints, conjunctivitis, Â·:^taracts and others -- in his booklet, "How to Safeguard Your Vision." To obtain it, send 25 cents and a self-addressed, stamped envelope to Dr. Walter C. Alvarez, Tucson Daily Citizen, P.O. Box 5027, Tucson, Ariz. 85703. Coovriaht 1973 Read FOCUS (Tucson Da ^(Rlizm ./Reg $265, now $212 SEMI-ANNUAL FURNITURE SALE Reg. $385, now $308 Reg $290, now $232 FINE UPHOLSTERED SOFAS AND CHAIRS BY HERITAGE IN DECORATOR STYLES 20 OFF Reg. $329, now $263 For a limbed time . . . our most famous, prestige line ,bf upholstered furniture . now.at 20% off." And, special orders will also receive ' 20% discount during this event. - . . Choose any Heritage sofa, chair or loveseat: shown . . . ' . . . many more" : unillustratedÂ· : All superbly crafted by master artisans to assure you lasting beauty, comfort. Furniture, upper level Reg. S1239, now .$991 Reg. S939, now $751 levy's El Con: shop Monday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday 10-9; Tuesday Saturday 10-6; Sunday 12-5. Call Leiy's TOU-FIEE anywhere in Arizona; dial 1-808-362-1132. Tncson area dial 195-5000. YOOT IEW CHARGE CARD fefs you lay anytime... fifes yoa a choice Â«f ways to pay. Ant for larger purchases,is* m CPA (Conftnieflt Payment Account) with monthly payments to fit your fcndjet.
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