Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas on August 16, 1972 · Page 10
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Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas · Page 10

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Fayetteville, Arkansas
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Wednesday, August 16, 1972
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Page 10
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to ·i Northvmt Arkantot 1IMES, W*d., Aug. 16, 1972 iFAVtTTtVILLI, ARKANIA* Drive Under Way To Make Puerto Rico Trie 51st State T .'·. By HAROLD J. UI)1N - J.SAN JUAN, P.R. (AP) - An . ) election "year drive to ' turn ivr'Puerto Rlco.lnto a U.S. stale is *·!..'fathering momentum on this TslaniJ * where 600,000 persons '."get federal surplus food and 12 -'} per cent of the workers are job- · '"less. , V ,M" j" · T, Advocates 1 of Joining'the Union contend II would bring more -·-"·Id and economic progress to ·^Hhe Island's population of al- · ''·'most three million U.S. citl- · ···1 Sens. " ' ' · I f a'solid majority of island voters elect Gov, Luis A: Ferre · ' to s second four-year term, it ~ seems lik^'y that the governor will ask for a referendum to · ' s h o w which way Puerto Rico. ··· should go. His New Progressive ' jParty Is for statehood. ,Tne referendum might offer "^voters the choice of statehood, independence, or an expanded version of the island's present semi-autonomous status. This is, called commonwealth, and lies somewhere between statehood and the territorial position the island occupied before 1952. Helping to build statehood sentiment Is a mix of fear. gen-, uine pride in U.S. citizenship, and the Ferre-fostered belief, that statehood will mean an upsurge in federal aid. FEAR SOUNDS LOUD ~~ : rhe fear sounds loud among men of property. It takes voice i n two words--"Republical Socialista." Persons who get: upset when they hear the! phrase turn to statehood as, the only reliable guarantee against what they believe would be an independence similar to nearby Communist .Cuba's. ,Mosl college youth Is committed to independence, with many students favoring a Socialist republic. ' Proud American citizens like Gilberto Portalatm, a dental, technician, probably have been through the years the backbone of the statehood movement "I'm one of seven brothers-every one of us volunteered for the U S Army," Porlalatin says "I think the United Sates] is the greatest country in the world" The vot« of men like Poi talatm are safe for statehood-but they are not enough Ferre needs the poor to get his state I hood consensus, and he reaches for them with food in hand i Free federal food, duly idenli | fled as U S. largess The first four days of every .* month, trucks with the Spanish! ,,,words for federal surplus foodj -program painted on their doors j J-'ioll into a housing project in Bravos de Boston area of Juan The lettering on the truck oors is blue and white, the col »rs of Ferre's New Progressive arty People pour from the housing than the U.S. minimum wage, by virtue ot a wage committee system that supposedly fixes minimum* according to the ability to pay. - . ·· . . : Labor leader Peter Huegcl contends this system is largely to blame for the island's low Income, 60 per cent of Mississippi's on a per capita basis. The average- wage in Puerto Rico Is $1.95 'hourly/ ccinpared to $3.67 on the U.S. mainland. Huegcl claims Llic cost of living Is 13 per cent above that ot New York City. Iluegel, whose Amalgamated Meat Cutters Union is lending the fight to have the U.S. minimum wage eventually include Puerto Hico, says Ferre Is contradicting his own stance for statehood. PSYCHOLOGICAL "Tills campaign [or statehood has created the impression among many workers they should, be gelling stateside wages,"··Huegcl says. "It's a psychological thing, but a real lliing." For all the fuming over status--and sporadic bombings Hint slem from the Independence vs. statehood,;dispute--the Novcn.it ber balloting for governor will turn largely 1 on economics! Between elections, Puerto Klciui pollllcmis often dwell ou status, but when they grub for voles, most candidates talk about bread nnd butter Issues. Even the Independence parly, which has never come close to winning power, now talks about economics. Most of Its leaders preach socialism, with thq thought the electorate will eventually prefer It lo capitnl- isin. Becnuse the old money In Puorio Rico--persons whose wealth rested largely on the ; sugar Industry and land hold- ings-- traditionally has supported slatchoorl, .many laborers came lo Identity statehood with llielr "exploiters." ' Bill Mayor Carlos Romero Bnrcclo ot San Juan,.widely regarded i ns the No. 2 man in Ferre's New Progressive piirty, preaches-"statehood Is (or poor people." · He Is among those vlotments are heavy on nee, and ;' include such other staples as | j 5\jjork, peaches, oatmeal and the j fjinpopular powdered eggs \£ The men, women and chil- ! ^aren who stand in the food lines » ^ivear neatly pressed and wells S-3aundered slacks, sport shirts, SStJiot pants--not expensive but J J -jiot rags ; \y Young boys, pushing carts Jt^like those in supermarkets, \ s"'yheel the food boxes home £* If a family misses the food i'lrucks. members can go to the "Jfiearest distribution center to fc-bick up their quota Besides the t stacks of bagged and canned] Edibles, they also will see al photograph of their governor on the wall of the warehouse Federal surplus food goes to one fourth the population Plans approved by the U S Department of Agriculture will increase the'flow of free food by, raid 1973 to the point where one) out of every three Puerto Ri ' cans will be getting it SOME FIND SHAME Some Puerto Bicans find In these statistics more shame than satisfaction. A ; claim by Ferre to have upped the! amount of federal aid contrasts i ·trangely--by their reasoning--, with Puerto Rico's 10 per cent annual economic growth. ; Ferre, before his selection, was one of the island's major! philanthropists. He appears to| take pride in his new role as a; federal fund-raiser. In a recent: speech he boasted that under his administration federal] grants-in-aid have reached |1.27] billion, over $600 million more, than the last governor got out) of Washington. j In the same address, Ferre' chicled his predecessors because "they insisted oh solving' Puerto Rico's /.problems with their own, limited resources, without · going- to the federal sources to demand our adequate participation in federal social programs, a right ( we have as American citizens/' Ferre's fortune is b'ased on such - industries as cement, paperboard, and an iron foundry. He used to jibe at the gov-j erriment-sponsored "Bootstrap , Industrialization program as overloaded with lightweight in-| vestors. But in power, Ferre 'has squelched his skepticism, and| his former emphasis on bringing heavy industry 'to the| Island. ' Now he hustles for ev- j ery new factory that, can he: found, Including a high per-, centage of what one garment: Industry labor organizer here! .terms "the scum of Seventh Avenue," the New York garment district. , . ! In the battle to promote fac-.' lories and dent the island's ,12 per cent jobless rate, Ferre has 1 lined up behind the loca! manufacturers' association in its campaign to prevent full.exten- llon of the U.S. minimum wage to the island, ' ' · Almost half of Ihe 200 in- 1 dustry groupings here pay less. .. you believe so many thir you need at such big savings? BelieveThey're at Penneys now. who coiileml that statehood would greatly Increilse. fln»n- clnl uld for Ihe island, especially Iti the welfare and housing prornms. - . ' ' , V !·', While slnlelioocl would lie an eventual decision for the U,S. Congress, any Itlert that it ·j would reject Puerto Rico seems i l t o be ii losing argument here. Back-to-school starts best at our Girls' Dress Carnival. The vested look for little gi rls. Cotton ski rt and vest, polyester/cotton bodice. Red pu rpJo, or navy/rod. 4 to 6x $ Polyester/cotton knit patterned bodice teamed with a button-trimmed cotton skirt; purple or red/blue, royal/red. 4 to 6x. A 50 AcryHc plaid pantsult with chain trim. Green/red or red/navy. 7 to 14. $g Acrylic plaid dress with ribbed turtleneck bodice. Black/red, red/gold, or Cold/black, 7 to 16. $G You add tops and skirts. Let Penneys subtract 15%. Sale 305 \^til V \J) Reg. 3.59. Lacy and ruffled blouses with long sleeves. Of Penn-Prest polyester/cotton. White, sizes 7-14. Sizes 4 to 6x. reg. 2.50, Now 2.20 Reg. $5. Plaid pleated flip skirls; Of unbonded acrylic with elasticized waist. Sizes? to'14. Sale2 20 VJVilW fm Reg. 2.59. Long sleeve, button cuff shirt. Of Pen.n-Prest polyester/cotton. White, red, navy, gold. 3-6x. Cola 440 \J%iK?- .W Reg. $4. Soft cotton :corduroy flip skirts, Machine washable in navy, brown, red: Sizes 3 lo 6x. Sizes 7-14, reg. 5.50, Now/ 4.67 SaleS 40 , Sleeve knit shirt of Penn-Prest polyester/cptlon. With pointed collar, coat' front styling. Lots of colors, S,M,L. · Sale! 15% off ladies' casuals. Step on it Sale 11" Alined broTn ,ea, he , s Sale ft 49 % ** 1 * IVr ** Re 9. 9.99. Hiking shoe of oiled' fUbber S0le Sm ° 0lil brown or Sale 8 49 "^ ** · P « e B- 9.99. Suede tie in black or brown 10AA, Sale ft 49 , a ^^^^ -10AA, 5-tOB. Shop 9-9 Mon., Thurs., Fri, JCPenney We know what you're looking for. Use Your Penney Charge

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