'JFc//, lie Said UK Wtis Sorry, Mom 1 EDITORIAL End of Bizarre Episode --Now Back to the Job STATE SENATE APPROVAL of the reappointment of Thomas W. Braden to the State Board of Education ends--we hope--one of the more bizarre episodes of California politics. Now perhaps the legislators can get back to legislating, the educators hack to educating, and the devoted adherents back to doing whatever they do when they aren't devotedly adhering. . * * * . THE CHALLENGE TO Braden's reappointment was not totally without merit He had joined with other members of the Board last year in an unprecedented and gratuitous endorsement of one of the candidates for State Superintendent of Public Instruction, He had published an editorial in his newspaper, the Oceanside Blade- Tribune, calling the other candidate, Dr. Max Rafferty, a John Bircher. And following Dr. Rafferty's election, he had uttered hostile remarks. This attitude naturally raised the question of Mr. Braden's fitness for further service on the State Board of Education, where he would be required to work with the new Superintendent - However, when Mr. Braden appeared before the Senate Rules Committee last month, he had an opportunity to explain his views in full, and he made an excellent impression, offsetting his one real mistake--that of the unwarranted endorsement The depth of his hostility apparently had been misrepresented by partisans. He, personally, had not written the offending editorial. He declared he was sure he could get along with Dr. Rafferty. At about the same time, Dr. Rafferty was saying that he could get along with Mr. Braden. It became clear that the respective cheering sections were keener about the fight than the two combatants were. * * * SEN. HUGH BURNS, a Democrat who backed Braden's appointment, underscored a point that had been submerged in the squabble between the hot liberals who gravitated to Braden and the right-wingers who associated themselves with Dr. Rafferty. Sen. Bums said it was "an entirely false premise that to be for Braden you had to be against Rafferty." Then the Senator revealed that he. himself, had supported and voted for Dr. Rafferty. But, he added, nothing had come to light in the hearings to cause him to believe that his support of Rafferty required opposition to Braden. * * * NO REALIST would suggest that Mr. Braden and Dr. Rafferty now see eye-to-eye on every subject of education. But the two men have declared themselves in agreement on basic goals of education in California. It is apparent that their conflict has been blown out of proportion and used as a football by extremists more interested in scoring ideological points than in educating California's children. Let's hope the action on Braden's reappointment signals the end of this particular game and that the Board and Dr. Rafferty can now get on with their important work. DREW PEARSON Little Old Lady Scrapping for Part of Crown Fortune Those Multiple TV Ads IF SOME EVENING you should sink into your easy chair, flip open the paper, start reading Hal Boyle or a news story, and suddenly discover an advertisement for beer or deodorant right in the middle of the item, you'd feel pretty sore, wouldn't you? And we wouldn't blame you. You've got a right to read that item through to its conclusion without having an ad thrust upon you. We run the ad in some other position on the page, and you can read it as you wish. Surveys have shown us that this system of advertising has served readers, advertiser, and newspapers very well, 'bringing satisfaction to alL DORIS FLEESON The reason we mention these things is because of the effort being exerted by the federal government to get television to use better judgment in the handling of its advertising. While we don't think the government should have dictatorial authority in such a matter, at least it does have a good point Occasional brief interruptions are expected, but the practice of stringing ad upon ad together in the middle of a program provides an irritation detrimental to the public comfort. TV should do something zbout it before the nuisance leads to federal restraints out of all proportion to the offense. Romney Made Real, but Limited, Gains in Stature FLEESON WASHINGTON -- Gov. George Romney's gains in the adoption of a new Michigan state constitution are real but limited. Romney helped write that constitution and vigorously c ampaigned for it Defeat w o u l d have e n t a i l e d a loss of mom e n t u m , a s e v e r e setback to his plan of operations a n d damage to his 1 e a d e r ship image. Nor did he achieve the big majority which would have raised his stature nationally. He still won in a state where Democrats are strong and were strongly opposed to his constitutional handiwork. He has survived to fight another day wtth improved weapons: Democrats point out that they elected the state superintendent of public instruction and filled the two State Supreme Court seats which were at stake. The governor"* own reserved comments on his constitution triumph--he called it a "citizens' victory"--suggest that he recognizes the limitations of his mandate. Analysis of the voting shows scan en both sides. It would appear that the Democrats have some fence- mending to do and that Romney has not been fuHy accepted by conservative elements of the State Republican Party. Pressures from such c o n s e r v a t i v e s had caused re apportionment compromises which led Democrats to attack the end result. Apparently the pressures wiH continue in the legislature. Â· Â· Â· Â· THE LESSON to the Democrats is plain. It is unnatural for them outside the South, and particularly in industrial states like Michigan, to oppose measures carrying the aura of progress and reform, even though it means compromise. Now they have lost on the issue and added to the stature of a Republican governor. They now offer the alibi that they really didn't try hard to win, apart from the question of whether their original decision was wise or unwise. Certainly present fending among party leaders damaged their case. Roreney can be expected now to carry on with renewed vigor his argument with the Kennedy administration over federal-state relations. The present issue there is narrow and is being debated on narrow legal grounds. letter of the federal law. The new secretary seems to have the best of it on welfare grounds. The champion of the compact car has managed to in-, vest the normally rather dry issue of federal-state relations with color and emotion. Michigan Democrats warn Washington that he won't be easy to cut down. The Romney presidential prospects remain about the same: he is a dark horse who probably has his eye on 1968 when he can offer his maturity in opposition to Attorney General Robert Kennedy. CHICAGO -- While the Senate is haggling over the question of whether General Dynamics should have received the $6 billion coo- tract for the TFX fighter plane, another argument has been dragging out in the Chicago courts as to whether Henry Crown owns as much of General Dynamics as generally believed. The two parties in this legal debate are in unique contrast: On one s i d e is Henry Crown, son of a Latvian immigrant, own- tr of the Em- " pire S t a t e Building, one of the largest owners of the Rock Island Railroad, second largest owner of the Hilton Hotel c h a i n , ard PEARSON largest stockholder of Material Sen-ices and General Dynamics. Crown is credited with being one of the wealthiest men in the United States. On the other side is Mrs. Dora Stem, a thin wispy woman in her seventies who looks as if she seldom had enough to eat. Also the offspring of Latvian parents. she teHs a convincing story of how h e r mother, who could scarcely speak English, put up one-third of the incorporation money, $4250, in 1919 on w h i c h Henry Crown built up this huge empire. Crown emphatically denies this to be true. He admits that Mrs. Stern's fatuity signed the incorporation papers, but only as commissioners for the incorporation. He denies that Mrs. Stem's mother put up any money. MRS. Stem, however, persists in her lawsuit and she tells a convincing story. There are also on record with the secretary of state of Illinois the original incorporation papers of the Material Sen-ice Corporation dated Jan. 16, 1919, just a few months after the end of World War I, which show S. R. Crown subscribing to 360 shares of stock for $9.000. H. Crown (Henry) s u b s c r i b i n g to 270, s h a r e s at $6,750 and B. Greiver subscribing to 170 shares at $4,250. B- G reiver is Mrs. Stem's mother, and since her mother c o u l d not write, Mrs. Stem signed for her. These original 170 shares today would be worth a fabulous amount of money. la 1959 when M a t e r i a l Service merged with General Dynamics, its stock was not available for sale but had b e e n expanded to 76343 shares, most of them owned by the Crown family. In 1958, the year before the merger, t h e company had sales of $114396.000 and a net income of $12537,000. Strictly Business Â£.- DEMOCRATS failed to ROMNEY accepted a cora- r-Â«ny two old strongholds-- p r o m i s e aid-to-depcndent- 5-3Vayne and Macotnb Coon- children measure from his !? 7Gei -- against the constita- legislature which Heahh. jj ''rion. Bat while thÂ« gover- Education and Welfare Sec- 5 -ior prevailed there, the fa- retary Anthony Celebrezz* ? Coring vote in upstate and contends does not meet f ed- Â£ 'Â·jjeninsnlar areas where Re- eral standards. Romney in- 3 -$ohlicans are strong was ex- iist$ H wai the best he could - Â«__ (jjjappoiotiBj. get and that it obeyi the "I want one that't ao order, not a wMi!" MUCH of the quiet story told by Mrs. Stern is spelled out in depositions taken in her court battle against the Crown empire. "We lived on Division Street near the Crown family," Mrs. Stern t o l d me. -Sol Crown went to school with my brother Si Grerver. The Crown family was very poor. There were seven in the family and one day Sol said his father owed three months rent on his little store, or $90. He asked if we could give him the $90. "My mother loaned him the money w h i c h he returned. SoTi mother said they Bved off one dollar a day -- and seven children. Three of the children died of TB. Â·I went to work when I was 14 and when I was IS or IS 1 became assistant buyer in the Boston store for which I made $15 i week. 1 also filled mail orders at $20 a week and sold ribbons in the afternoon, so sometimes I made $60 to $65 a week. I paid my mother an my salary instead of board. This is what went to Crown, together with a little insurance money my father left. * * * * -I REMEMBER Sol Crown came over to our home very enthusiastic about going into the building material business. He said Henry had 'connections' with the city and would get all the city (Chicago) contracts. *We are sending frank Ryan to Springfield to make connections with the state.' he said. 'So I worked for the la- linois Brick Company and knew the building supply business. "When we signed the papers. Set put his arm around me and said 'Dora, if-this goes through you'll never have to worry.* I signed for my mother because she couldn't write. My husband and my brother signed the incorporation papers. Sol told my husband he would be a commissioner in part of the business. This $4250 my mother put up was the only cash invested." Thus was incorporated the Material Sen-ice Corporation, which has now merged with General Dynamics, and helped Henry Crown acquire the Empire State Building, part of the Hilton Hotel chain and become one of the richest men in the U.S-A. Â« * * * CROWN admits that part of the story is true. "In January 1919 when Material Senice was incorporated," he explained, "my older brother and I had Si Greiver and his brother-in- law (Mrs. Stern's brother and husband) sign the incorporation papers. It was necessary to have someone do this. But this lady had nothing to do with it and put no money in it." The frail, white-haired lady, however, fights on. More about her battle in an early column. STICTLY PERSONAL _* Hugo's Future Didn't Arrive Â·. By SYDNEY J. HARRIS Exactly one hundred years ago. ia a burst d typical 19th century optimism. Victor Hugo wrote Â»a essay pa the "future of man" in which he predicted: , -In the 20th century, war win be dead, the scaffold will be dead, hatred win be dead, frontier boundaries will '. be dead, dogmas will be dead; man will live. He wfll , possess something higher than all these--a great country. the whole earth, and a great hope, the whole heaven.- These ringing words were inspired by the Industrial Revolution, by the discoveries of Damta and Huxley, by the advances in science, medicine and tech- r^ "" oology. In the Utter half of the 19th*- century, it seemed as if man might at last J conquer the 'conditions of his existence and i create a new Eden based on Rationalism, Progress and Humanism--the three reign- ine deities in the pantheon of that era. * * * BUT IT WAS NOT to be. Hardly more than a dozen years after the turn of the new century, the Western world was plunged into the fiercest and bloodiest of HARRIS* all wars. Twenty years after the end of that, another war engulfed half the world. And now, again 20 years later. we are poised on the brink of the most calamitous conflict that can be imagined--indeed, it cannot even be imagined. War is more virulently alive than ever, hatred is greater and deeper than ever, frontier boundaries are more sharply defined and more passionately defended, and the new dogmas of communism and fascism have become pandemic. The savagery, butchery and irrationality of the 20th century have outstripped anything known to man since the dawn of civilization. Never before has one age been so wrong about the next. Except for the rare dissonant voices of a Nietzsche or a Kierkegaard, all the sages of the 19th century failed to forsee the upsurging or our primitive drives, the i recrudescence of hatred, the bloody tides of racism and nationalism, the fears and anxieties that would plague modern man. . Â· . : -A- * * WHY DID THIS COME ABOUT? The reasons are various and complicated--but the main reason, in my opinion, is that men concentrated too much on control of their environment, and too little on control of themselves. Thus, every advance in our supremacy over nature only increased the distance between the perfection of our means and the confusion of our ends. Our capacity for doing evil outstripped our desire to do good. The central problem of our age is not political or economic or military. It is the problem of raising our humanhood to the level of our technology--or else having our technology obliterate our humanhood. Our failure to see this, and to act upon it. is the sin of our time. Town Meeting Economic Royalists Running Country EDITOR: What are the numerous socio-economic factors that play upon and make U.S. f o r e i g n policy? Why so many anti-American demonstrations and riots around the world? Is the tide turning against us? If so, why? In 1945 the British economist Harold Laski wrote that there is "... a world divided into - few masters and many servants, a few who rule and vast and inert multitude who have no function but labor and obey. The common man is e m e r g i n g everywhere from the twilight of history and he is demanding that status which in every community so far has been denied him . . . The world is going left and it is going left LANGUAGES in Â»he NEWS If Ctoiin F. lÂ«i*fl IF THE Russians really want to show good faith in their protestations of peace, they can accept the Kennedy proposal f o r a hot wire direct from the White House to the Kremlin in order to head off false alarms which might cause war. There have been at least two false alarms which could have sent a fleet of VS. bombers flying across the North Pole toward Russia if U-S. and Canadian air officers had not used their heads. Conceivably, a brush between trigger-happy Castro- ites and equally trigger- happy Cuban exiles could touch off a serious crisis and false alarms which could lead to war. President Kennedy has Jong been wining to have either a telephone or teletype running direct from Washington to Moscow, but, for reasons n o t explained, the Russians have been aloof. Note--The idea of a person - to - person telephone originally was suggested by Parade Magazine. Khrushchev mentioned it to me Â· when I saw him on the Â· shores of the Black Sea some time ago, and he seemed kindly disposed. Questions from readers: Can you ten me how to say t h e following in Hawaiian, Vietnamese. French. German, Russian and Spanish: "How are you? Thank you. Good night" -- R, A. Martin, Philadelphia. Here they are: Hawaiian: Pehea oe? -Mahalo.--Alcha. Vietnamese: Ong m a n h gioi khong?-- Cam on ong. -- Chao ong. French: Comment allez- vous? -- Merci -- Bonne nuit. German: Wie gehti? -Danke schon. -- Cute Nactt, Russian: Kak pojrrayct'ye? -- Spasiho. -- Spokoynoy nochi. Spanish: TComo esta? -- *Â·'Â·* Â·Â· Gracias. -- Buenas noches. ^ A copy of the Berlitz -Diner'* D i Dictionary" vrttl be mealed Â·Â·Srn. irresistibly. I am not concerned to deny the possibility of temporary halts on the march of revolution here. of counterrevolution there. But 4he conviction grows everywhere that the issues we confront are not capable of being met in terms of the traditional order." Now if we compare this with the recent observations of Arnold Toynbee, the British philosopher of history, we can understand some of the "whys" of the current American dilemma throughout the world. In his book "America and the World RevolutionTM Toynbee says America has now become an arch-conservative power instead of the arch-revolutionary one that she began to be after the Declaration of Independence. "America.*" he writes, "is today the leader of a world-wide defense of the vested interests." Toynbee further claims that the entire Western World has taken op the rich man's burden: -Rich people . . . everywhere . . . have ... taken Communism in a very personal way. They have seen in Communism a threat to their pocket-books . . . The only countries that have rallied to the United States have been the ... rich countries . . . and the rich are only a small minority of the human race." I believe U.N. Secretary U Thant summed it an up very tersely when he said: Â·Political and social changes e l s e w h e r e worry most Americans. The revolt of the colonial people, who are in fact the ultimate heirs of I t 16. and their desire to fashion their own life, seems to be frightening and incomprehensible to the descendants of those who started it all at Lexington and Concord." The question is: Are our grave world problems of 1963 being botched up by a few economic royalists who fear changa as much as the political royaEstj of 1776? JOHN D. COPPKG 502 Orange Ave. LNDEPENDEXt (ton used in 'Languagt* in tht Newt." ! * Â« n, " Â·Â«Â· Â·Â»Â«Â·.
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