Independent from Long Beach, California on January 24, 1975 · Page 1
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Independent from Long Beach, California · Page 1

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Long Beach, California
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Friday, January 24, 1975
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Ford challenges Congress, oil nations ByALEISELE Our National Bureau WASHINGTON-President Ford threw down the energy gauntlet to the Democratic-controlled Mth Congress Thursday by signing an order imposing higher tariffs on imported oil and challenging the lawmakers to pror duce a better energy program. ' "We've- diddled and dawdled long enough," Ford said outside the west wing of the White House a f t e r he signed a presi- Signs order for tariffs d e n t i a l proclamation increasing oil import fees by $3 a barrel by April 1. Ford said the tariff increase, which is expected to drive up the price of gasoline by at least three cents a gallon, was "the first step down the long and difficult road toward regaining our energy freedom." But House and Senate Democrats quickly moved to block the-increase and impose mandatory gasoline rationing i n s t e a d , which t h e y said would prevent higher prices for g a s o l i n e and other petroleum products. In the Senate, Democrats Henry Jackson' of. Washington and Edward Kennedy of Massachusetts introduced a resolution that would delay the tariff increase for 60 days and allow either the House or Senate to kill the increase within another 30 days. At the same time, Senate Majority Leader Mike Mansfield, D-Mont., j o i n - ' ed with Lowell Weicker, R-Conn., in introducing legislation that would re- q u i r e Ford to impose gasoline rationing within\ 60 days after Congress approved the b i l l , even- though Ford has an(Turn to Back Pg!, Col. 3) By GAYLORD SHAW WASHINGTON (AP) President Ford assured the nation Thursday night "we are not going to permit America to be strangled to death" by foreign oil producers. Ford refused to "talk about any particular military contingency plans" in the event of another oil embargo. He underlined again that "there is a serious danger of war in the Middle East" but reported there also is "a unique Mideast warning on TV opportunity" for Secretary of State Henry A. Kissinger to work out another interim Arab- Israeli settlement.- In a wide-ranging, sometimes philosophical interview with two NBC correspondents, Ford defended his imposition of tariffs on foreign oil imports, repeated his opposition to gasoline rationing and again urged rapid congressional action on his economic proposals. The hour-long, nationally .televised interview conducted in the White House living quarters produced the stiffe.st warning. yet from Ford against any at- t e m p t to strangle the United States economically. "...In the case of econ o m i c strangulation," Ford said, the nation has "to be prepared ... to take the necessary action for our self-preservation." ( '' · "When you are being strangled it is a case of either dying or living," he said, adding that he her lieved the "public has to have the reassurance that we are not going to permit America to be strangled to death..." One of Ford's interviewers, NBC anchorman John Chancellor, (Turn to Back Pg. Col. IX L.B. shoreline plan approved -Story on Page B-l, 56 Pages . -HE.5-!161-ClassifidNo. HE 2-5959 INDEPENDENT WEATHER Citeg c i ass standing Fair today with some coastal fog tonight. High near G7, low near 50. Complete weather on Page C- 8. LONG BEACH, CALIFORNIA, FRIDAY, JANUARY 24, 1975 Volume 36-No. 60 e Home Delivered Doily and Sunday--$4.00 Per Month Assembly votes out depletion Our State Bureau SACRAMENTO - The Assembly Thursday voted overwhelmingly to end the 22 per cent depletion allowance given oil companies by California. Repeal of the allowance, which permits oil companies to report only .78 per cent of their gross income for tax purposes, would increase state revenues by $45 m i l l i o n , Assemblyman Bill Lockyer, D-San Leandro, told the Assembly. The bill received a 57-17 vote and was sent to the Senate for consideration. Lockyer, the bill's author, said that because of the allowance taxes take 5 per cent of oil firms' income. For other corporations, he said, the tax bite is 40 per cent. Assemblyman Robert Beverly", R-Manhattan Beach, said Gov. Brown and other Democrats had urged support for California business when the new administration took office Jan. 6. The measure, he said, instead removes an incentive for a particular industry to do business in · the state. "The oil industry is everybody's w h i p p i n g boy," Beverly said, "but removal of the depletion allowance in- California alone will obviously put this state in a less-favored status with regards to future ,pil exploration investments. "Oil companies will spend their money in Texas, Louisiana and other states where exploration is encouraged. This bill will hurt the economy in California. It will re- duce jobs and increase unemployment." Assemblyman Daniel Boatwright, D-Concord, said elimination of the allowance "will have a total impact on each $100 of oil income of only $3.33. That is not enough to drive businesses out of California." Assemblyman Mike Cul- Icn. D-Long Beach, did not vote on the bill. The only Democrat present to abstain a l t h o u g h the m a j o r i t y c a u c u s h a d agreed to cast a unanimous "yes" vote, Cullen said, "In my district, the oil industry equates to people and jobs. . "In my opinion, passage of this bill will result in a loss of thousands of jobs and will ultimately cause consumers to pay more because of the oil companies' increased taxes." Magee gets life, spews tirade against Angela SAN JOSE (AP) - As officers arrested dozens of his supporters, convict. Ru. chell Magee was sentenced Thursday to life imprisonment in connection with the 1970 Marin County Courthouse escape attempt which left four men dead. Once sentenced, Magee shook his shackled arms and cried, "Angela Davis is a pig, a rat, a_ snitch, a dirty, snitching rat." He did not explain his outburst. But Miss Davis, a black Communist militant who was originally slated to be Magee's codefendant, had her case severed and was acquitted'of murder, .kidnap and conspiracy in a 1972 trial here. Twenty-nine protesters picketed the Santa Clara County Courthouse shouting, "Free Ruchell. It's right to rebel." Twice sheriff's deputies requested the generally peaceful gathering to disperse, then about 40 club-carrying officers arrested them on misdemeanor charges of demonstrating within sight or sound of a courthouse. Santa Clara County Superior Court Judge William A. Ingrain imposed a life sentence on the 35-year-old black convict · for the aggravated kidnaping charge which Magee pleaded guilty to last May. Magee -- already serving a life sentence at San Quentin Prison for a $10 Los Angeles kidnap-robbery at age 16 -had tried unsucessfully to withdraw his guilty plea. "He will be in prison forever, unless the prison system changes," Deputy Public Defender Richard Such told reporters after the sentencing. He said Magee would be eligible for parole in seven years. · Magee's freedom had become a celebrated cause of lefists and prison reformers who had supported Miss Davis and the so-called "Soledad Brothers" -three black prisoners accused of killing a Soledad Prison guard in 1970. On Aug. 7,1970, Magee and two other San Quentin convicts were in the courtroom of Marin County Superior Court Judge Harold Haley when Jonathan Jackson, the 17-year-old b r o t h e r of "Soledad Brother" George Jackson, pulled four guns from an airline bag. The state had contended the guns -purportedly provided to Jackson by Miss Davis -- were tossed to Magee and fel- · l o w convicts William Christmas and James McClain. The judge, .a prosecutor and two women jurors were taken hostage. News photos showed the judge with a shotgun taped to his neck and McClain holding it, and Magee holding five sheriff's deputies at bay with a pistol. In the courthouse parking lot, gunfire broke out and the judge, McClain, Christmas and Jackson were killed in the escape van; Prosecutor Gary Thomas, paralyzed from the waist down by a bullet wound, later testified that he saw Magee holding the shotgun as it blasted away the judge's face. The state contended the others,were killed by shots from prison guards and sheriff's deputies. Ford smart enough --'A lot are dumber* WASHINGTON (AP) - President Ford said Thursday night he is not bothered by contentions he . is not smart enough for the presidency, declaring that his marks in school indicate "there must be an awful lot of people much dumber than I." The President also said that although he never anticipated his rapid rise from House Republican leader to the White House, "I feel very-secure in the capability that I have to do the job. "My feeling of security, my feeling of certainty grows every day," Ford said during an hour-long televised interview with two NBC correspondents. Ford was asked if he is bothered by statements that he is not intellectually up to the presidency. "It really doesn't ... if grades one gets in school are a criteria," he was always in the upper one-third of his class at Yale Law School and the upper 20 per cent at the University of Michigan, Ford said. "If I don't have the academic capability," he continued, "there must be an awful lot of people much dumber than I." Ford said he believes "judgment is a pretty_ important factor" and declared he believes "I have . the capability of doing the job." But he conceded: "You can't help but wonder, how did it all happen?" Simon asks 17% debt-ceiling rise RUCHELL MAGEE ENTERS COURTROOM THURSDAY --AP Wireptiolo Auto sales up by 41% with rebates DETROIT (UPI) -- The four major U.S. automakers, locked in their deepest postwar slump, Thursday provided the first evidence of the success of newly installed rebate programs with figures that showed mid-January sales up more than 41 per cent from early January. Sales for the industry totaled 131,132 cars, off just 15.4 per cent from last year's energy crisis- depressed levels. It was the closest automakers have come to matching a year-ago level since the 1975 models were put on sale Oct. 1. The 131,132 cars delivered in mid-January were the lowest sales for the period since 1961, but still a better mark than the first 10 days of the month, when sales totaled 93,235 cars, the lowest since the automakers began reporting 10-day figures in 1952. Chrysler Corp., originator of the rebate game and the only company whose program was in effect for the full Jan. 11 to 20 period, reported deliveries up 89 per cent from the first 10 days of the month. General Motors saw sales climb 54 per cent, American Motors sales were up nearly 35 per cent and the Ford Motor Co. showed a 12 per cent increase. Even before the exact figures were available, dealers around the country were reporting strong sales, a sharp change from the gloomy November, December and early January comments. While applauding the rebates of $200 to $600, some said they wished the payouts from the companies would cover all cars. Chrysler sales in the period totaled 23,608 cars, off 8 per cent from last year but a sharp reversal of the slow sales by the No. 3 auto firm in recent months. Its compact car sales, objects of a $200 rebate Jast week, were up 13 per cent from last year to set a new record. R. K. Brown, Chrysler vice president for sales,- credited the company's turnaround to its "car c l e a r a n c e c a r n i v a l , " which features different specials each week. O t h e r a u t o m o t i v e e x e c u t i v e s said t h e i r companies' results from the rebate war won't really begin showing up until final January figures are released. GM sales of 65,456 cars in the period were off 7.3 per cent from the year- ago period and marked t h e best 10-day performance for the No. 1 auto company since last September. Ford sales totaled 36,612 cars and were off 24.7 per cent from last year. In related action, the Internal Revenue Service said Thursday that car buyers won't have to pay federal tax on the rebates. Meanwhile, American Motors said Thursday it is laying off 450 workers in the firm's first indefinite furloughs since the auto sales s l u m p began 16 months ago. Rape victim begs for life, freed after beating An all-points bulletin was issued Thursday for two young men who raped a 15-year-old Temple City girl, broke her leg and jaw and then watched her as she pleaded for her life as they decided whether ,td kill her. i: Sheriff's deputies said Uie girl was kidnaped Sp'dncsrisy afternoon ns Wialkcd back to school for a late class. She was driven to the mountains-, raped, beaten and then threatened. The unidentified teenager begged the suspects not to kill her, deputies said, and she finally was driven back and released near her home. She was listed in f a i r condition Thursday at San Gabriel Community HospU.nl. StarKist shutdown The Star Kist Foods Inc. Terminal Island fish cannery will bo shut down for three weeks starting Monday, according to Stclg Osman, vice president of operations. Approximately 1,700 workers will bo fur- toughed d u r i n g the shutdown. On Southland visit Kissinger to visit Nixon WASHINGTON (AP) Secretary of State Henry A. Kissinger w i l l sec Richard M. Nixon t h i s weekend for their first meeting .since the former president resigned last August. Kissinger will visit ·Nixon at the former president's home in Sin Clc- mentc. The secretary flew to California Thursday night to deliver a speech to- the. World Affairs Council in Los Angeles and to visit friends in Palm Springs. Kissinger, who has spoken with Nixon occasionally by telephone, asked to see the former president. When asked why, a State Department spokesman responded, "It is normal and natural in · WASHINGTON (UPI)-The administration'asked Congress Thursday to app r o v e a $109 billion inc r e a s e in the national debt ceiling -- a 17 per cent hike -- by June 30, 1976, four days before the c o u n t r y celebrates its 200th birthday. Treasury Secretary William E. Simon asked the House Ways and Means Committee to increase the present $495 billion ceiling to $531 billion through June 30 of this year and to $604 billion through the end of fiscal 1976. The debt ceiling was $362 billion on Jan. 1, 1969, and did not pass the $400 billion mark until 1972. COMMITTEE members expressed shock at the size of the proposed increase, and Chairman Al U l l m a n , D - O r e . , told Simon it was unlikely the committee would extend the limit beyond the end of the current fiscal year. As soon as the hearing e n d e d , committee members began a move to attach a bill suspending the oil import tariff to the debt-ceiling bill, thus forcing Ford to veto his requested debt increase if he wants to go ahead with the planned import fee. "This is a rather sorry r e c o r d of b u d g e t i n g , w o u l d n ' t you agree?" a s k e d Ullman. "Yes, I would," Simon replied, adding that the country was paying the price of view of their long relationship" and the friendship t h a t developed between the two men. The spokesman was reluctant to say who else Kissinger would be visit- i n g . Anderson said it would be a private weekend and he did not know who would be Kissinger's hosts at Palm Springs. years of excessive spending. "That's a g r e a t bicentennial present we're giving to the people of the United States," said ranking committee Republican Herman Schneebeli, Pa. · S i m o n , calling it an' "especially sad duty" to bring the request to Congress, said the economic sins of the past coupled with a worsening economic situation which forced President Ford to seek a tax cut had caused him to make the request. HE SAID the estimated budget deficit for fiscal 1975 was $35 billion, and a peacetime record $50 billion for fiscal 1976. "Some members of the committee may think that the new ceiling is too high and the deficits too big," Simon s a i d . "Let me emphasize that there is no one in Washington today who feels more strongly than either the President or I that deficits of the magnitude we are now facing are horrendous." Simon said the debt : ceiling request assumes that Congress will pass Ford's tax cuts for individuals and business, but it also assumes that Congress will agree to all $17 billion of Ford's proposed budget recisions. The request also assumes that Congress follows Ford's demand that it pass no now federal spending programs this year, he said. INDEPENDENT · SECRETARY SCHLESINGER says U.S. can provide the resources to sustain Israel in new war. Page A-6. · HEART ATTACK RATE among American males declining. Page A-ll. · ONASSIS LOSING his Midas touch to fuel crisis, new Greek regime. Page A- 1 7 . · ; . SOUTHLAND EVENTS. Page A-20. . · SUPERVISORS ORDER probe of illegal detention of alcoholics in nursing homes. Page B-l. Action Line A-3 Amusements .. A-25 Classified C-8 Comics C-7 Editorial B-2, Financial... A-26,27 Life/Style . . . . B-«,7 Obituaries C-8 Shipping C-8 Sports Cl-6 TftddThnmey AZL24 Television B-8

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