Tucson Daily Citizen from Tucson, Arizona on February 12, 1976 · Page 27
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Tucson Daily Citizen from Tucson, Arizona · Page 27

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Tucson, Arizona
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Thursday, February 12, 1976
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THURSDAY, F E B R U A R Y 12, 1976 Perspective Investigative Reports - Analyses · Opinions Of Others TUCSON DAILY C1TIZKN PAGK 27 Not even a minimum wage Low pay harms legislatures Editorial Research ReporC A person can achieve a modest degree of fame as a state legislator, but he or she would be well advised to look elsewhere for fortune'. If computed on an hourly basis, the pay that some legislators receive is considerably less than the federal minimum wage. And yet voters generally are hostile to proposals to raise legislative salaries, especially in states where the salaries are lowest. Legislative salaries vary enormously. New York's lawmakers are the best paid at $23,500 a year, while New Hampshire's receive only $100. Annual pay exceeds $10,000 in only 12 states, and in 25 others it is $5,000 or less. Arizona's state legislators earn $6,000 annually. There have been informal discussions at .recently-opened session to raise lawmaker salaries, perhaps to $10,000, but the chances for any increase this year would not appear to be good. · "On a daily average, legislators are probably earning less than they did 10 years ago," according to Carl D. Tubbesing, a special assistant to the Nation^al Conference of State Legislatures. "In the past 10 years average session length has increased 34 per cent from 92 to 123 days. t Studies in several states reveal that while in session state legislators put in 50-70 hours a week. More than half spend 30 or more hours a week on legislative business out of session." Up to public According to Duane Lockard, a Princeton political science professor, "the raising of legislative salaries to a full-time professional level would not necessarily result in a full assembly of competent members. The drones and hacks like a good income as well as the competent. But at least the competent who would be able to earn a decent salary otherwise would not be so likely to forfeit a legislative career if a minimally adequate salary were provided." Alan Rosenthal, a Rutgers political science professor, believes that a proposal to raise legislative salaries must be presented in a certain way. "The public must be persuaded that (higher) salaries are merited because legislators are working longer, harder and more effectively. This means that other proposals should lead off or be featured in a program of legislative reform." Before Connecticut legislators voted themselves a salary in- Letters to the Editor Political pollution Editor, the Citizen: Before me I have a picture of the White House. If it had flesh and blood for an exterior, maybe it could blush. But since it doesn't, we have to rely on pollution to turn it colors. Without upkeep it would now be gray, indicating pollution. Without pure-hearted officials, also gray. When our system works for the people, maybe then it could be called the White House. Elections are coming up. Let's at least clean up this form of pollution as it not only kills us but also buries us. BRUCE D. JOHNSON 8911 Driftwood Trail Water rates f a farce' Editor, the Citizen: The Metropolitan Utilities Management Agency's proposed raise in water rates is another nail in the coffin of fixed-income living, those people who have saved and prepared for their retirement years. In every situation where the City of Tucson has acquired a private water company, the city has doubled or tripled the existing rates. I believe the water company should generate, at existing prices, enough profitable revenue to run nearly all departments of city government. However, with the lack of management and surplus of employes, it apparently runs at public expense. Government and labor must be controlled in their demands and we must come back to practicality in all things. Naturally, the people have to recognize their obligation to see government is , properly and practically run for those things government was intended to do. The people must also enforce reasonable controls on labor as well as m a n a g e m e n t . . . . The water situation is a farce. E.E. EVANS Rt. 5, Box 672 Bury the f brainstorm' Editor, the Citizen: I am writing in connection with the pr^nster- ous and, in my view, patently unconstitutional intention of the Metropolitan Utilities Management Agency (MUM) to extort from foothills residents up to triple the high amount they now pay for wafer (Citizen, Jan. 29). The proposal to base rates upon the elevation of the neighborhood opens a can of worms I am sure MUM does not intend to do. When the same base rate applied to the city, that was one thing even though it required some additional financial support to pump water to some locations. But to construct a stratified rate system based upon the average elevation of the community would seem to be legally dubious because it would result in depriving one of one's property without due process of law -- and by any reading of the Constitution that cannot legally be done . . . . There can only be a flat rate for the area served by the utility, or nothing. It cannot be fragmented. If fragmentation occurs, recourse can only be sought in the courts. The proposal to tap the Avra Valley is an example of the mistaken philosophy of MUM. The thing, to do is to wipe out the agriculture which uses prodigious amounts of water and benefits nobody when the dwindling water supplies are needed for the population which, rightly or wrongly, has been attracted to the area. This wil! have to be done sooner or later anyway and the Avra Valley water -- if any -- can only delay the painful decision. Some son of balance must be attained between population and water supply in this area, but it cannot be done properly through class legislation of the sort MUM proposes, MUM's brainstorm should be given a quick, dignified burial and MUM should come up with a better idea. DAN L. THRAPP 4970 N. Camino Antonio Binding arbitration Editor, the Citizen: It might have been enlightening to the writer of the Jan. 26 editorial entitled "Bill To Implement Forced Bargaining Threatens Schools" if he had attended the 12th annual labor-management conference recently concluded at the Braniff Place Hotel. He might have learned that: --Disagreements between public employes and governing bodies are going to continue to happen and that there must be a viable method of resolving those differences. --In the United States where binding arbitration is part of a contract there have been no strikes. --Arbitration is currently the most successful and most expeditious method of resolving differences for both parties. WILLIAM E. LAMSON, president Tucson Education Association 4625 E. 2nd St.' Stand behind governor Editor, the Citizen: We would like to compliment the Citizen for its Feb. 5 editorial in support of Gov. Raul Castro's appointments of Vernon Hoy for director of public safety and Dr. Suzanne Dandoy as chief of the Department of Health Services. In general, Raul Castro has done an outstanding job as governor. One of his strong points has always been his careful selection of the best people to fill state offices. Mr. Hoy, for example, ranked "among the nation's top five police executives." ft is a shame that a certain segment of the Democratic party is fighting Gov. Castro's two appointments instead of working with him. . Those of us in the Democratic party can do more for the people in Arizona and our community by uniting behind and supporting the governor. DAVID RODRIGUEZ KEN DeSAUTEL WALTER LES MEREDITH Pima County Democratic Alliance 8 W. Paseo Redondo Must solve crisis Editor, the Citizen: Many of our concerned citizens hope that the Citizen will support some sort of reasonable legislation to support our hard-pressed doctors to continue to take care of their patients without the fear of huge insurance fees and unreasonably high insurance settlements. If the law needs changing, change it and we will support that legislation. Meanwhile, we must support the efforts of our doctors 10 continue caring for their p a t i e n t s . . . . If this outrageous situation is not corrected, Arizona will lose many of its senior citizens and other people drawn here by our healthful climate, as well as the doctors who care for them. As for the premature babies who are so well cared for now, they wilt have lost their chance for life. The Citizen has been doing a fine job in informing us of this problem. Please keep up the good work. ALICE SCHWERIN 9)1 N. 6th Ave. It's an old trick Editor, the Citizen: 1 just figured out how you can get a giant rate increase on water. First, you have some outside consultants drop the bomb that your friendly neighborhood water bill could triple. Or quadruple. Let folks ponder in panic on that for a few days. "Should 1 give up bathing and drinking and plow my one mulberry tree under? Or should I just move to Seattle?" Then, have the Metropolitan Utilities Management Agency director ride in on a white stallion and announce that such figures are ludicrous, saying, "The most your water rates could rise this year is 30 per cent." t The reaction is immediate -- only 30 per cent? Give it to them, quick! It's an old trick. And unfortunately, it works. JAY TAYLOR 5102 E. Gleneagles Drive All letters bearing writer's Irue name and address will be considered for publication. The editors reserve the right to edit letters in the interest of clarity and brevity. Mailing address: Box 2S7S7, Tucson 85728 crease in 1969, Rosenthal observed, "members decided to go to annual sessions, overhaul their interim operations, modify their rules and procedures, and establish desperately needed research and fiscal staffs." Some legislators augment their income from legislative service in ways that are questionable if not patently illegal. "Although the open purchase of votes by lobbyists, as practiced in the late 19th century, is no longer common, the rough equivalent of the practice is not dead by any means," Lockard wrote in an anthology on State Legislatures in American Politics. " . . . 'Legal' payoffs through public relations fees or legal counsel fees are often reported to be involved in moving legislation forward in some states." Slate ranks low The Citizens Conference on State Legislatures in ]971 ranked the 50 legislatures on the basis of being functional, accountable, informed, independent and representative. It may or may not be significant that the three top-ranked legislatures -- those of California, New York and Illinois -- are the only ones whpse members now receive salaries of $20,000 or more a year. The legislatures that are the most poorly paid in 1976 ranked the lowest. ' In that report, admittedly now ' outdated, Arizona was ranked 49th in overall performance. More specifically, l!th in being functional, 47th in being accountable to constituents, 38th in being informed, 17th in being independent and 50th in the extent to which it was representative of the state's population up until 1971. Raising legislators' salaries may be an unwise move politically in a time of budget retrenchment at all levels of government. But if the effect is to reduce the high rate of turnover among legislators and thus provide a greater degree of professionalism, the additional cost may come to be seen as a bargain. Viewpoint on Latin America By R I C H A R D S A L V A T I E R I U Citizen Editorial Writer Peron's movement continues decline The Peronist movement in Argentina is in its worst shape ever. In retrospect, it began to disintegrate that 25th day of May, 1974, when the so-called Monto- neros -- spearhead of the Pero- nist left wing -- snubbed the late Gen. Juan Peron at a giant rally in downtown Buenos Aires. This was a turning point. A few months later, Peron was dead and the Montoneros had gone underground, joining the ERP {Peoples Revolutionary Army) in an all-out guerrilla war against the government. In the intervening months, President Isabel Peron, who succeeded her husband in office, has managed to face up to the bloody guerrilla fighting, has ignored orders and invitations to resign from the presidency, and otherwise has convinced almost everyone that she isn't just a timid ex-show girl who was going to be shoved around. One of the keys to Mrs. Peron's durability has been her , adroit handling of cabinet appointments. Although there are only eight members in the cabinet, she has gone through 32 ministers in the \y 2 years she has been in office, incessantly seeking to weave a web of alliances. The latest cabinet reshuffle took place a month ago when she dismissed four moderate ministers. The most recent direct threat to her staying in office came last December when some Argentine air force groups declared themselves in rebellion. They had hoped to obtain immediate support from the army and navy, but this never materialized. Obviously, the senior services still had no interest in taking over one of the worst political and economic messes in Argentine history. On the other hand, there was one development in December that President Peron hadn't expected and which has come to place her in an extremely vulnerable position. That month, 27 deputies from the Peronist-led coalition abandoned the government and, for the first time since coming to power, Mrs. Peron found herself face to face with a Chamber of Deputies controlled by the opposition. This kind of situation ordinarily might pose no particular problem to an executive branch that, essentially, is totalitarian. However, it lias become of considerable significance in view of Isabel Peron a problem that almost everyone is aware of in Argentina: Widespread governmental corruption. Up until ,now, Mrs. Peron herself has managed to escape impeachment proceedings following discovery that she had, through an admitted "careless mistake," signed a check transferring $700,000 from a government-sponsored charity to her personal checking account. Elsewhere, a former presidential confidant, Jose Lopez Rega, has been linked to a government-supported "death squad" -- the Argentine Anti-Communist Alliance -- t h a t is suspected of having executed more than 1,000 Communists or leftists since late 1973. Congress is reported investigating the matter, while Interpol searches for Lopez Rega. He abandoned Argentina last summer. In the face of growing pressures against her, and a swelling chorus demanding that she resign, President Peron has made two announcements: First, she will begin preparing the country for elections, these to take place sometime before March, 1977. (Originally she had set the date for Oct. 17 of this year.) Second, the government will do everything it can to root out corruption. About the only way the second point may be achieved is if Mrs. Peron quits right now, and there would seem to be little chance of that happening. Yet, March, 1977, is a near-eternity in the context of Argentine politics and it is very difficult to believe that the third ex-wife of the legendary Peron can hold out that long. With the announcement of future elections, already cadres of old and new presidential aspirants, of wasted politicians and ambitious palace guards, are counting their assets and their liabilities. The unfortunate aspect of the Argentine scene is that, even if elections were to be held tomorrow, this hardly would guarantee any change in the chaos that has characterized that country's politics for more than two decades. As for the Peronist movement, the divisions and factionalisms now would appear to be entirely too deep for any healing. There also are a couple of practical proWems: Without the real Peron, the cult of Peronism just isn't the same. And, with the economy unable to coddle workers as in the past, labor's enthusiasm for Peronism has waned considerably. But schools must bar religion 'About Sex' promotes promiscuity, not morals The following column is reprinted from the Phoenix Gazette. It was written by the editor of the Gazette, Loyal Meek, after the educational tnovie, "About Sex," was shown to members of the press in Phoenix by the Maricopa County Health Department. The s/towing of the movie in public schools by Planned Parenthood has aroused opposition both in Tucson and Phoenix. By LOYAL MEEK Why is religious teaching effectively barred from the public school classroom when permissive-oriented sex education is admitted? That is a basic question concerned parents might be left with after viewing the film "About Sex," shown here to a Phoenix Press Club Forum audience. The film became the center of controversy after it was revealed a Planned Parenthood copy had been shown to students at Coronado High School. Since then, Planned Parenthood has taken the film "off the market for a while" and has indicated it is editing out objectionable scenes, notably brief views of a nude dancer and of sexual intercourse. Naturally enough, these scenes have been the ones that have raised the loudest objections. While they would seem to earn the film an "X" rating and do not seem at all necessary to making whatever educational points "About Sex" is trying to score, it is not these explicit scenes that raise the question of how sex education can be admitted while religion is excluded from the public classroom. · Health department officials who introduced the film, which consists for the most part of a rap session among teenagers about various sex matters, said it seeks to treat the subject objectively and to avoid making moral judgments. It didn't appear so to this observer. On the contrary, "About Sex" comes off as a promotion for promiscuity. If it feels good, go ahead, man. It's all beautiful. Don't worry about masturbation or homosexuality or abortion or, if you are careful, venereal disease -which, if you are so unlucky as to get it, is still nothing too much to worry about if you seek medical help. There is very little, if anything, in the film on the other side of the issue: Nothing about marriage, nothing about the evils of abortion, nothing about immorality or sin. If the film did have someone representing the other side of the issue, a minister or priest, for example, we would probably be confronting the irony of seeing it banned from public schools because it violated the separation of church and slate, not be- cause it showed explicit sex scenes or boys and girls together discussing animalistic behavior in gutter terms. With nothing in "About Sex" in defense of moral s t a n d a r d s , t h e f i l m amounts to propaganda for a secular religion, to wit: Hedonism, the ethical doctrine that holds that pleasure is the sole purpose in life. Admittedly, there are many very serious sex problems among teenagers: Venereal disease, u n w a n t e d pregnancies, suicides, and so on. And no doubt there is something to be said for getting through the inhibitions, o v e r c o m i n g t h e myths and otherwise educating young people to what sex is about. But it does seem that at least some time, if not equal time, ought to be given to telling the other side of the story -- the moral or religious side, call it what you will, the side that is supposed to set man apart from the rest of the animal kingdom. To answer the concerned parents' question, it is hard to see how such sex education can be admitted to the public classroom when any religion that emphasizes strict moral standards is excluded. Beyond this, parents might also question the necessity for schools taking the time of students for sex education when, by most measurements, they are doing a worse and worse job of teaching them how to read, write and do math. In any event, films like "About Sex" are surely not an appropriate way to go about it. Take it from me, World War II training films showing the consequences of VD were far more effective. And that suggests what may be the main fault with "About Sex" -- that it fails to point out that sex can have physical, psychological and, some will insist, spiritual consequences far beyond personal gratifications of the moment. Ann Landers Salesmen have seen almost everything Dear Ann Landers: My husband is in the line of work that requires him to call on housewives during the day. 1 hope you will print this letter so the woman on the make will realize she didn't invent anything. Her tricks are as old as the hills. For example: Answering the door in a flimsy housecoat, clutching the top because a button is missing. When she leans over to sign something, one hand releases the top and everything falls out. Another one: Asking the salesman to assist her in getting a box down from a top shelf. The woman stands on a chair or stepladder, reaches up and she just happens to be wearing a rather short housedress. On a clear day he can see Pasadena. Trick Three: A sexy piece of lingerie is draped over the chair. If the man mentions it, Mrs. Housewife offers to "model it." Thank you for printing this letter, Ann. I hope it helps to wise up some of those bored housewives who are looking for excitement. -- WIFE OF AN INSURANCE SALESMAN Dear Wife: Never mind about them! Your letter was a revelation to me! Thanks for the short course. 0 Dear Ann Landers: A lot of people would appreciate the answer to this one. How do you invite another couple to dinner at a nice restaurant at their own expense? We enjoy certain cou- ples but can't afford to take them out. It seems that when you ask people to join you for dinner these days they assume they arc your guests. We don't like the expression "Dutch treat." Any other suggestions? -- SLIGHTLY BROKE Dear S.B.: If you "enjoy certain couples" but can't afford to take them out, entertain them in your home. You don't have to serve caviar and quail under glass. It's the company that counts. P.S; If you're "slightly broke" how can you afford to take yourselves out? 0 · Is alcoholism ruining your life? Know the danger signals ' and what to do. Read the book- · let, "Alcoholism -- Hope and Help," by Ann Landers. Enclose 50 cents in coin with your request and a long, stamped, self- addressed envelope to Ann Landers, Tucson Daily Citizen, P.O. Box 26767, Tucson, Ariz., 85726. (.Copyright 1976

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