The Galveston Daily News from Galveston, Texas on October 13, 1993 · Page 37
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The Galveston Daily News from Galveston, Texas · Page 37

Galveston, Texas
Issue Date:
Wednesday, October 13, 1993
Page 37
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6-C THE GALVESTON DAILY NEWS WEDNESDAY MORNING, OCTOBER 13,1993 Garden club offers pansies in annual sale GALVESTON — Cold weather is on its way meaning it's time to order pansies through the Galveston Garden Club. The deadline for ordering these winter-hardy bloomers by the Oat is Thursday, Oct. 21. The day of distribution, Nov. 4, will be celebrated with a Powhatan Pansy Potpourri Party on the grounds of the 1847 Powhatan House, headquarters of the organization at 3427 Ave. 0. Two varieties of pansies will be available in these advance sales only, with six colors in the Crown Series noted for "no faces" and six colors in the larger Majestic Giant Series, which have the old-fashioned outlined pansy face on each blossom. Order forms should be filled out with selection by the flat and returned by Thursday, Oct. 21, to the Powhatan House, 3427 Ave. 0, Galveston, Texas 77550. Each flat contains 18 4-inch pots of established blooming plants and sells for $18. Order forms may be picked up at American Hardware and Island Feed & Seed on Stewart Road, Quality Cleaners and Chalmers Hardware on Broadway, the Galveston County Courthouse, Galveston Wreath Company, and the 1847 Powhatan House, or by calling 763-0077. Blooming pansies are very hardy growers and will be ready to plant in garden beds just as soon as the temperatures drop and remain cool. Pansies, if properly planted with fertilizer such as blood meal or time-release high phosphorus fertilizer, will bloom persistently throughout the cold winter and spring, fading only when the summer heat arrives next spring, Pansies handle light freezes well and can be protected easily with doth covers if the temperature dips Time is right to plant mustard greens Colorful pansies add life to winter gardens too far below freezing. The new varieties love the sun, and traditionally they have been planted with a large amount of leaf mold in rich soil to hold moisture and to elude heat. Pansies hate the heat and should not be exposed to long periods of dry, hot weather, during such periods the soil should be kept moist. The Galveston Garden Club promotes this annual pansy sale each fall in a beautification effort to blanket the county with blooming color "beds of flowers during the mild months of winter and early spring. Proceeds from the sales will benefit the maintenance of the organization's landmark headquarters as well as the operations of the garden dub. The public is invited to the Powhatan Pansy Potpourri Party on Thursday, Nov. 4, from 1 to 6 p.m. The outdoor distribution day event is styled as a Greek Revival Garden Party for pansy pick-up, punch, and pleasure at the Powhatan House. Donna Teichman, Susanne Van- Leuzen, Becky Trout Walsdorf, Evangeline Whorton, and Richard Kirkpatrick have organized the pansy sale, and the Powhatan House Committee is planning the garden party. Planting instructions for the pansies will be available at the distribution, and time-released fertilizer prepackaged in the prescribed amount for 18 pots in a flat will be sold. Instructions advise waiting to plant for cold, or at least cooler, weather setting pansies into damp, rich soil, with full sun. Also for sale on the pansy distribution day will be Brenda Beust Smith's 1994 Lazy Gardener's Guide, a four-color calendar for the Gulf Coast filled with gardening advice and tips. No sales of pansies will be made at the distribution day on Nov. 4. Pre-paid orders must be received at the garden club center by Oct. 21, in order that number of flats, the selected colors and varieties can be filled by the grower, Turkey Creek Farms. For additional information, call the Galveston Garden Club 7630077 or 744-7431. Fail is best season to add nitrogen fertilizer Associated Press Fertilization in the fall, rather than in winter, spring or summer, promotes strong root systems in plants. The fertilizer nutrient that vlants need most is nitrogen. Unfortunately, nitrogen also is most easily lost from the soil, either leached by rainwater, or returned to the air as a gas. The goal is to apply nitrogen so that it can be be taken up by plants in the fall, with some left over to remain in the soil through winter and be in place for plants next spring. You can prevent nitrogen loss through winter by using an "organic" nitrogen fertilizer. Nitrogen in such fertilizers is initially insoluble, and as it becomes soluble, it is converted to ammonium nitrogen. Common sources of organic nitrogen include soybean meal, cottonseed meal, fish meal, manure, and compost. Hoof and horn meal', leather dust, feather dust, and hair are esoteric sources, but plants will use them just as if they were ordinary, organic fertilizers. The actual amount of fertilizer to apply depends on its concentration of nitrogen. Where lawn grows right up to the base of trees or shrubs (not a good practice with young trees and shrubs), add some fertilizer to support both plants together. BY DR. WILLIAM JOHNSON Spec/a/ Correspondent If there is such a thing as an "unappreciated vegetable" among Texas gardeners, it's just got to be mustard greens. True, mustard greens are grown to some extent in Texas gardens across the state, but this leafy vegetable is found mainly in the more "country" areas of our state. Mustard greens are far from being a common item in the typical backyard garden found in more urban areas. This tasty vegetable will do well anywhere in Texas, is quick and easy to grow, and can be enjoyed at the dinner table almost from the minute it comes up out of the ground. Tender young leaves of mustard greens can give a distinctive, peppery "nip" to garden salads and, when allowed to mature, they're simply delicious when prepared in any number of different ways. Connoisseurs of mustard greens swear that there's absolutely nothing better than hot, homemade combread and a pot of garden-fresh "greens" that has been flavored with just a little bacon dripping. (Please, no howls from the home economists — I did say just a "little"!) Mustard greens can be planted now through at least the end of November. The harvest cycle is relatively fast as mature mustard greens will be ready for your dinner table about 30 to 50 days after seeding. You can harvest your greens by pulling up the entire plant{s) or by the "cut and come again" technique which involves removing the outer, older leaves as needed. If you choose the leafharvest technique, apply a sidedress application of fertilizer after the first harvest to stimulate additional growth. Producing a bumper crop of mustard greens requires nothing more than normal soil preparation and a ^^^^s^s^sse^^sss^^^^^ JGourmet SnickerdoSdlei 3 Coffee S (,}> SsWoiUyat I L Unexpected Pleasures | ^2313 Strand • 762-5755 | r^fjC^it-V-y.^. J.-..L *4 light preplant application of fertilizer. About one pound (approximately 4 cups) of a complete commercial fertilizer worked into each 100 square feet of area to be planted is usually satisfactory. As a matter of fact, lots of "country" gardeners simply scatter the seed over "clean" ground, lightly rake the area to cover the seed, and stand back! Mustard greens will develop their full flavor and be of highest quality when planted at a time that allows them to mature during relatively cool temperatures. Given a very mild winter like that of 1993, mustard greens will often produce right through the winter season. Lightly cover the seed to a depth of about 1/4 inch. Depending upon your sowing skills and the temperature of the soil, germination and seedling emergence may occur within 3 to 5 days — sometimes even sooner. If you planted the seed a little thick, which is easy to do because of their size, thin the seedlings to a spacing of 3 to 4 inch in between plants. Use the thinning to add a little zest to fresh garden salads. After thinning, water lightly to settle the soil around the remaining plants. Mulching around the plants with a layer of organic matter will help stabilize the soil temperature, help control weeds and conserve soil moisture. Mustard greens are available in three distinct types: (1) smooth leaf — Florida Broad Leaf and Savannah; (2) curly leaf— Southern Giant Curled and Green Wage; and (3) Oriental — Purple Osaka and various other varieties. The Smooth or flat-leafed types are preferred for cooking, while the curly-leafed types are used to add flavor and "fluff' to garden salads. The broad-stemmed Oriental types are preferred in many stir-fry dishes. Mustard greens, like most vegetables, are occasionally troubled by insects pests. Therefore, gardeners need to inspect plants every few days for the presence of insects before populations levels become excessive. Flea beetles and aphids can be a problem but are easily controlled with a general purpose insecticide. Aphids are small soft-bodied critters and are usually found on the lower surface of leaves. The species found on mustards greens are usually light green and slow-moving. Flea beetles are black and can jump several inches when disturbed. Flea beetle damage is characterized by small holes in leaves. Fortunately, mustard greens are rarely plagued by disease problems. The primary disease threat that of downy mildew which is a fungal disease. The disease is most likely to be problem during cool, wet weather. Disease symptoms includes yellow spots developing on the upper surface of the leaves. On the corresponding lower leaf surface, a gray "mold" appears eventually causing the infected area to darken and die. Applying a general purpose fungicide (such as Daconil 2787) at 7 to 10 day intervals will usually result in good control of downy mildew. So, start planting now, get the pot boiling and prepare to chow down on some down home cooking! Dr. Johnson is a County Extension Agent with the Galueston County Extension Office of the Texas Agricultural Extension Service, Texas A&M University System. HOME FIRE SUFETY. nCT ON IT! tonjnii HOME FIRE SRFETV TIPS, tuniTE: ^Unlled Slales Fire Admlntslrallon ( P.O. Bo* 70274 Y/ashlngton, DC 2G024 °f Since BUSH'S B€ST COMPOST^ The Absolute BEST! 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