Independent from Long Beach, California on February 28, 1969 · Page 23
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Independent from Long Beach, California · Page 23

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Long Beach, California
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Friday, February 28, 1969
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Page 23
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L. A. C. SAYS A free ballot, a free country By L. A. COLLINS Sr. THE DAILY news telling of the anarchy and violence on our campuses and streets is a warning that we may he in danger of losing our rights of free speech, assembly and voting. Far too many of us ignore the fact that we cannot continue as we are if this violence is allowed to continue. It is ignored that the only possible end to such turmoil will be government hy a military force that will control Ihe lives of everyone in the nalion. Such a force will he accepted by the people rather than the continuance of disregard of law and order. A young man in the advertising planning department of these two papers has rccenily boon awarded a $1(10 prize and George Washington Modal from the Freedom Foundation at Valley Forge for his essay on A Free Ballot and a Free Country. A corporal in the Marine Coqis Reserve, Anthony R. Korba's essay was as follows: THOMAS .1EKFERSON once said, ."How liltle do my countrymen know what precious blessings they are in possession of." In today's complex world we tend to forget that freedom is not a heritage and because we have been its beneficiary for almost two centuries does not mean we .can lake our freedoms for granted. The men whose blond was spilled at Ticonderoga and Valley Forge had a dream -- a dream devised hy brava men for brave men . . . they had little more than a name -- "The United States of America." They had faith in an ideal, a faith which warmed their bodies against the bitter cold, a f a i t h which buoyed the spirits of an army far outnumbered. They fought not for themselves alone but for generations yet unborn. They fought so the torch of freedom could pass unstained to our children and to our children's children. They fought from the wind swepl plains of Valley Forge to the rice paddies in Vietnam. They fought and dim! t o r those Americanisms which preserve our heritage of freedom. Today in America there must he a rebirth of the spirit of Valley Forge, we must possess the moral strength and courage of our forefathers. In recent years our patriotic symbols have been shunted aside and protest has become an everyday occurrence. Our national heroes have been defamed and our history distorted to various degrees . . . but, in a free-society loyally depends upon the toleration of disloyalty. This means that Ihe loyalty of free men must be given freely or ihat they must be truly free to withhold it. Nothing is more fundamental than that this choice be a real one! Freedom, loyalty, patriotism, liberty -- whatever terms used -- men and women are agreed that you make them love their countries and respect their governments by having or giving them the kind of country or government t h a t inspire respect and love. The only safety for our country, the only guarantee for our individual liberties lies in the constant conservative criticism of the institutions which we have inherited. I do not suggest here that free societies are stronger than totalitarian societies. My point is simply that freedom is a source of strength if it is used wisely - - it will not provide a guarantee against ruinous mistakes, hut it will provide a means of correcting mistakes. For our forefathers no sacrifice was too great in upholding the cause of freedom and the right to a free vote. They knew that a free ballot meant a free country. The American doctrine was created by hrave men for brave men . . . only if we are still brave is that dream good. "My fellow countrymen, how little do you know what precious blessings you are in possession of?" We have built monuments to Tom Jefferson -- but have neglected his advice! Your right to vote, to keep America free is a great privilege -lei's not forget our heritage . . . our forefathers didn't . . . VOTE! Today's students serve WHEN my generation left college, we were mainly interested in getting ahead for ourselves. The new generation leaving college is mainly interested in getting right with them- SYDNEY HARRIS selves and getting straight with themselves. That is the big, and important, and encouraging, difference. · - Y o u don't need to look hard to see- it. Flipping through the last "Stanford A l u m n i Almanac" which arrived at the house, 1 turned to my eldest daughter's Class of '66 Notes, which listed the activities of about 10 members of that class. One of them, a girl, had received her M.A. at Harvard last year, and was teaching biology. Last summer she was invited back to Harvard to be a master teacher in an i n t e r n training program -- the youngest teacher ever appointed by Harvard for such a program. Another 'RG graduate spent two years in Vietnam as director of the International Volunteer Service's ref- ugee agency, and plans to return to Vietnam "both for myself and for my country." He majored in Asian Studies at Stanford, and is putting it to work benevolently. A young lady received her M.A. in African history and left for Kenya last year as one of 50 new volunteers assigned to teach in secondary schools under the Kenya Ministry' of Education. A young man, after g e t t i n g his degree, took part in Operation Crossroads in Africa. The following summer, he served as a student minister in Arkansas. These are typical, rather than unusual, cases. College graduates today are, on the whole, service-oriented rather than profit-oriented. They want to find their identity, not in a narrow psychological sense, but in terms of their relations with other people, in terms of the full functions of their personalities wherever they can be of the most use in the world. And this is what the older genera- lion has to keep in mind when judging and evaluating the college scene today. The revolts and rebellions, while often obnoxious in themselves, are symptomatic of idealistic yearnings and strivings, and not merely negative attacks upon authority. MEDICINE AND YOU By BEN Z1NSER Medical-Science Editor A QUICK look at the world of medicine: Soaking donor organs in ribonu- cicic acid (RNA) may greatly improve the likelihood of a "take" when an organ is transplanted, Loma Linda researchers say . . . Medical investigators are t a k i n g a new look at a class of drugs known as monamine oxidase inhibitors: Ordinarily used for their antidcprcs- sant. effect, these compounds appear able to prevent formation of certain types of kidney stones . . . A new tissue-banking facility at. San Diego's Naval Hospital will be the Navy's second, U.S. Medicine reports; the new laboratory will augment the capabilities of the Tissue Bank of the Naval Medicine Research Institute, Bethesda, Md. . . . Children and adolescents with be- havior'problems have been found to have eye defects almost twice as frequently as normal youngsters . . . Use of cyclamates, artificial sweeteners, appears lo counteract the effects of Ihe antibiotic lincomycin, a University of Michigan study shows . . . Fat men lend to be more impul- sive than men of normal weight, a researcher has found; (.he fat man "expects easy answers." . . . New research shows that the new drug, rifampin, continues to show up well as a treatment agent against tuberculosis. . . . The most common cause of allergies in infants under one year old is food, says Dr. Doris .1. Rapp, a pediatric allergist of Buffalo, N.Y-, in a report in the journal Consultant. . . . Noise is joining smog as one of civilization's most, dangerous pollutants and, if not controlled, may reach lethal levels within 20 years, warns Dr. Vern 0. Knudsen, UCLA acoustical physicist. . . . A highly malleable plastic sheeting, called Plasterzote, can change its shape as needed for a variety of medical uses; within seconds after taking it from an oven, doctors can press it i n t o shape as a cast on fractured limbs without burning them. . . . A cream containing silver n i t r a t e is proving a simple effective way to treat small burns on an outpatient basis, reports the journal Arizona Medicine. . . . INDEPENDENT (AM) ' PRESS-TELEGRAM Lorn «t»Cn, C»lll., Fri, Feb. It. 1tt» GEORGE ROBESON One from Column A, two from Column B { 1961 fcr NtA. ! "So much (or Vietnam and tht pill-- iiovt you seen ony good movies /afe/y?" Man at Nixon's elbow is Dr. Henry Kissinger New York Times Service LONDON -- At one of the press briefings conducted here by Ron Ziegler, President Nixon's news secretary, and Trevor Lloyd-Hughes, Prime Minister Wilson's official spokesman, Lloyd-Hughes read a list if the British and American participants in one discussion. "All the others present," he said, with British regard for class distinctions, "were what I would call advisers." Ziegler spoke up immediately. "It should be noted," he said, "that Dr. Henry Kissinger participated in the meeting." ZIEGLF.R WAS only stating publicly what was quickly apparent to most of Nixon's London hosts and to London-based Americans getting their first personal look at the Nix- TOM WICKER on foreign policy team. They say right away that Kissinger, the President's special assistant for national security affairs, is much more than just an "adviser." Along with the heady impression Nixon created here of a President genuinely interested in the British view of things, he also left some lively speculation as to how things may u l t i m a t e l y sort themselves out between Kissinger and Secretary of State William P. Rogers. When N i x o n met with the Wilson cabinet at No. 10 Downing Street, for instance, the prime minister left all of what the British call "officials" in an upstairs room. That meant that only the President and Secretary Rogers, of the American party, were on or above the so- called "ministerial level" of the British participants. Nevertheless, within a few minutes, a summons arrived for Kissinger, who then joined the President and the m i n i s t e r s in the cabinet room. KISSINGER, after all, came into this new administration not only an acknowledged authority in international affairs but a familiar figure to many of those in the American and European governments with which the Nixon administration must work. He personally suggested some of the "private citizens" with whom Nixon met. here. Moreover, Kissinger is not only both a personal adviser to Nixon as well as the manager of the important apparatus of the National Security Council -- he also has direct and frequent access to the President -- and in Europe has been constantly at his elbow. Secretary Rogers, a newcomer to the State Department, its concerns and the foreign governments with which it deals, nevertheless lias a long and ciose personal relationship with Nixon, control of the necessary machinery of the State Department, and an insiders' knowledge of the government, bureaucracy, and how it works. These are solid assets for a long-distance runner, but for the moment, he appears clearly to he running behind Kissinger and his expertise and access. THIS DOES not necessarily portend some shattering showdown struggle -- it may only reflect the current state of development of the Nixon administration. Through the excellent impression the President created here with his attentiveness, his obvious interest in his hosts, his modesty, and the methodical way in which he sought amplification of any point new or unclear to h i m , and despite the technical knowledge of European and world affairs w i t h which he came armed, some of those watching Nixon closely thought they saw the understandable lack of self-confidence of one who, though long experienced in politics, had never before really exercised power or had to accept great responsibility. It would be remarkable if it were not so, presidents being as human as the rest of us -- and this analysis may largely account for the rather giddy feeling of the British government that an American president, for once, really had wanted to know what its ministers thought and might actually take their advice into account -- they thought John Kennedy's "consultation" seldom went beyond rhetoric, and Lyndon Johnson hardly even bothered with that. This impression of Nixon as "a guy looking for help," as one observer put it, also goes far to explain the President's current reliance on Kissinger. He is the most knowledgeable independent adviser now available to Nixon on a host of matters about which hard decisions may soon have to be made -- while Rogers, even more than the President himself, has still to master his office and its subject matter -- a situation which will not always be the case. 1 RAN OUT OF SI'ACK yesterday, so 1 want to continue today on the burning question, "What Are Minority Groups Called, and Why?" The problems of minority groups seem to be taking second-place on the agenda. The proper name for this group and the other comes first. I was criticized for calling Negro students Negroes. Well, it just so happens that the Long Beach U n i - fied School District is required lo classify them as Negroes if they are to be classified by race at all, and 1 was writing about students at the time. Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 19R4 requires school districts to complete a form and forward it to the U.S. Department of Health. Education and Welfare, showing in columns the number of miniority-group s t u d e n t s and teachers in each school as related to the t o t a l number of students and faculty. There are four minority-group classifications on t h e form: American I n d i a n , Negro. Oriental and Spanish Stirnamcd A m e r i can. IT WAS NOT always so. I recall the time in this district, about seven years ago, when t e a c h e r s and school administrators were expressly forbidden to classify s t u d e n t s by race, because t h a t smacked of bigotry. Then m i n o r i t y groups discovered t h a t they could mil discuss problems such as de facto .segregation if nobody could identify m i n o r i t y groups in the records. U n t i l I h a t lime, Ihe local school district had used a pretty sneaky method of counting such students. Principles were asked lo write down the number of minority students they t h o u g h t they had in their school, w i t h o u t asking anybody and without going into a classroom and counting. Now there is the federal form, and everybody can count. But things are still a little shaky. A directive from the district headquarters cautions school principles t h a t "as few people as possible should be involved in d e t e r m i n i n g t h n e t h n i c or racial categories of pupils or em- ployes. The count should he m a d e by the a d m i n i s t r a t i v e and counseling staff of the school." THE FEDERAL FORM does not take into consideration what minority groups call themselves. Most Indians I have met identify themselves by their tribe, and with noticeable pride in t h a t tribe. They are Creeks or Cherokees or Apaches or Sioux, but never just "Indians." Negroes are over 30. as a rule. Under that age they are blacks, or Afro-Americans. Orientals are defined hy (he federal government as anyone of Oriental origin, but the Japanese-American 1 ; often use sub-group names, such as first-generation Nisei, second-generation Sensei, and so forth. "Spanish Surnamed Americans," could he Mexican Americans who, if youthful, prefer to call themselves Chicanos. That, again, is a point of separatist pride and excludes Puerto Ricans, Cubans and Central and South Americans. It also excludes Filipinos, who often as not havp Spanish names hut do not fall within any federal classification. THEN WE HAVE the problem of what to do w i t h a surname like Gon/alps-Miirphy. I know a guy by t h a t name in Long Reach, and he has a friend w i t h a similarly hyphenated name. They are Jewish. They are Sephardic Jews, whose ancestors came from Upper Asia Minor to settle in Spain and Portugal, in some cases mixing with the Moors. In the case of Mr. Gonzales- Miirphy and his friend, whose name I have forgotten, an Irish ancestor was [licked up alons t h e way. The only possible classification for thorn on forms of Ihe school districl or i h e Department of Health, Education and Welfare would be "Jewish O r i e n t a l Afro-American S t u d e n t w i t h Spanish-Irish Surname." which would blow a fuse in the computers. Yel these two fellows (and they t e l l me there are many others with the same heritage) are members of every minority group you can think of except Zen Baptists, and surely deserve some sort of special consideration. Questions, Answers Q--Is there nny water on the monn. J A -- I t has no water and no food. 0--Which wns the last continent In he explored by man? A--Antarctica. A U.S. Navy expe- d i t i o n in IS'IO, led by LI. Charles Wilkes, proved Antarctica was a continent by sailing about 1,500 miles along the coast. Early explorers had found only islands. 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