Altoona Mirror from Altoona, Pennsylvania on November 12, 1929 · Page 28
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Altoona Mirror from Altoona, Pennsylvania · Page 28

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Tuesday, November 12, 1929
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7^ ' 4> > * 28 THE ALTOONA MIRROR— TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 12, ffpr^Tj'f/" 1 '^y*;?XW 7 tf PRESIDENT OFFERS WORLD NOVEL IDEA (Continued from Puge I.) f.Iip men who prny for ponce for thf'ir children. But (hoy rightly demand thnt 'peace bi> had without the .sacrifice of our Independence or of those principles of jiisilt-p without which clvllizntlon must fnil. "Such a sacrifice of freedom nnd justice la the one calamity greater than war. Thn tsslc of statesmen Is to build a road to peace which avoids both those calamities. This road requires preparedness for rtpfensp, It equally requires preparedness for peatie. "The world today la comparatively ftt peace. The outlook for a peaceable future Is more bright than for half a century past. Yet. after nil It Is an armed peace. The men under arms, Including active reserves, In the world ai*e almost 30,000,000 in number, or nearly 10,000,000 morn than before the Great war. Due to the Washington arms conference and the! destruction of the'Gorman navy, the combatant ships in the world show some decrease since th.e war. But aircraft and other in- stJMJments of destruction urn far morn potent than they were even In the Great war. There are fours, distrusts and. smouldering Injuries among nations which are. the tinder of war. Nor doefc a single quarter of n century dur- lijg all the ages of human experience warrant the assumption that war will not occur again. 1 'VGIoomy an tills picture may be, yet w'e.cnn say with truth that the world Iri becoming more genuinely Inclined t.(J peace; that, the forces of Imperial domination and aggression, of fear and suspicion are dying down ; that they ar"e* being replaced with the desire for sficUrlty and peaceful development. The' old objectives of tortuoua diplomacy are being replaced with frank afid. open relations directed to peace, There Is no more Hlgniflcant step In tft)s progreas tljan the aolemn cove- np.nt that civilized nations have now entered. to renounce war and to settle disputes by pacific means. It Is this realignment of the. mind of the world tjlat gives the hope of peace. "i'ijlut peace la not a static thing. To maintain peace Is as dynamic In Its requirement as Is the conduct of war. Vjfocan not say 'let there be peace' and gp iabout other business. Nor are the methods by which peace Is to ho maintained and war prevented to be established by slogans or by abstract jphrases or by academic theory. Pro- gtefl's toward peace can bo attained only as a result of realistic practical f lly conduct amongst nations. It can the result only of a frank rccognl- n of forces which may disturb peace. For Instance, wo must realize that our industrial life, our employment, our comfort and our culture depend greatly upon our interchange of goods and Ideas with other nations. We 'must realize that this Interchange r^ri'not be carried on unless our citl- zenai arc /lung Into every quarter of the, globe and the citizens of every ojhe'r nation aro represented In our cpuntry, "'We must realize that some of them w^HI'-get Into trouble somewhere. Certainly their troubles will multiply If olh'cr nations aro at war. We have an opljgatlon and every oilier nation has an .obligation to see to the protection of their lives, und that Justice is done t». them so long as they comply with the i laws of the countries in which they reside. From all these relatlon- nhipa frictions and controversies will arise dally. t-!')3y our undertaking under the Kel- iQgg pact, to use only pacific means , t<k, settle such controversies as these, Mf Jiave again' reaffirmed the doctrine , efliimclated by that far-sighted states- rrtari, Mr, Ellhu 'Root, In his fumous declaration at Rio do Janeiro In 1007. At that time ho announced that wo Would not uso war or warlike means tg Enforce or collect upon private busl- contracts. It is our settled pol- pence must be the result of unceasing endeavor. "t have sold that recently we have covenanted with other civilized nations not only to renounce wnr as an instrument of national policy but also we have agreed that wo shall settle nil controversies by pacific means. But the machinery for pacific settlement of disputes among nations is, as yet, Inadequate. We need to strengthen our own provisions for It. Our state department la thn first of these means. It must be strengthened and supported as the great, arm of our government, dedicated to the organization of peace. Wo need further to extend our treaties with other countries providing methods for reference of controverslea to conference, to Inquiry as to fact, or to arbitration, or to judicial determination. Wo have need to define the rules of conduct of nations and to formulate nn authoritative system of International law. We have need under proper reservations to support Ibe world court in order that we may secure judicial determination of certain types of controversies and build up precedents which add to the body of International I law. By these agencies we relegate I a thousand frictions to orderly pro- .:essos of settlement and by deliberation In action we prevent their development into national inflammation. "We are also Interested that other nations shall settle by pacific means the controversies arising between them. From every selfish point of view the preservation of peace among other nations Is of Interest to the United States. In such wnrs we are In constant danger of entanglement because of Interference with the wlde- jprend activities of our citizens. But .if far more Importance than this, our Ideals and our hopes are for the progress of justice through the entire world. We, desire to see n.ll humanity •elieved of the hideous blight of war md of the cruelties and Injustices that lead to war. We are Interested In all methods that can be devised to assure the settlement of all controversies between nations. i 'There are today two roads to that, end. The European nations have, by the covenant of the League of Nations, agreed that It nations fall to settle their differences peaceably then force should be applied by other nat- tlons to compel them to be reasonable, We have refused to travel this road. We lire confident that at least In the Wrstorn hemisphere public opinion will suffice to check violence. This Is the road we propose to travel. What wo urgently need In this direction IH a further development of methods for reference of unsettled controversies to joint Inquiry by the parties assisted by friendly nations, in order that action may be stayed and that the aggressor may be subjected to the searchlight of public opinion. 'And we have Another task equally great as the settlement of incidental controversies. We must, where opportunity offers, work steadfastly to remove the deeper causes and frictions which lead to disputes and 111 will. Ono of those causes is competition in armament. In order to stir a nation to the expenditures and burdens of Increased armament, some danger and some enemy must be envisaged. Fears and distrust must be used as n. goad to stir the nation forward to competitive effort. No one denies that the maintenance of great armament Is a burden upon the backs of all who toil. The expenditure for It curtails vast, projects of human betterment which governments might undertake. Every man under arms means that some other man must bear an extra burden somewhere. But a greater cost Is the ill will resulting from rivalry between nations in construction of armaments. "It Is first and foremost to rid ourselves of this danger that I have again Initiated naval negotiations. I have full confidence in the success of the conference which will assemble next January. In setting up this conference we have already agreed with Great Britain that there shall be a parity in naval strength between u». I am in hopes that there will be a serious reduction of navies as a relief to the io? 1 . ; A "But thre are other more deep-seated and 'more dangerous forces which pro- djide friction and controversy than tpc'se eruptions over the rights of clti- ss?n>'. We must realize that there are rnany unsolved problems of boundaries between nations. There aro peoplcH acplring to a greater measure of self- government. There are the, fears of invasion and domination bequeathed to all 'humanity from Its former wars. There are a host of age-old controversies, whose specters haunt the world, •vgbJch at any time, may touch the qprlngs of fear and 111 will. <'We must frankly accept the fact, therefore, that we and all the nations of 'the world will be. Involved, for all future time, in small or great contro- vSraies and frictions arising out of all oj j.fiene multiple, causes. In these con- tJ5&yorales lurk the subtle danger that national temper at any moment may bjecoma a heat und that emotion may rue to the (laming point. Therefore., Itching Ends when : Zemo Touches Skin *' * * -•"thousands say. It's wonderful tbe ifaj^ soothing, coollnff Zemo brings ijUef to sltln which Itches and burns. Bven in most severe cases, Itching djj^ppeara almost as soon an Zemo touches the tender and inflamed sur- f»c6. To draw out local infection and jJjBlp to clear away unsightly blem- lihBB, we know of nothing better than invisible Zemo. Always keep (Ills JpiqUy antiseptic on hand. Use it fre'ely. It's safj as can be. 35c, 60c OO. All dealers. economic burdens of all peoples. Am I believe that men nnd women throughout thn world demand such reduction We must reduce and limit warships by nKrecmcnt only. I have no faith in the reduction of armaments by example alone. "Until such time, as nations can build the agcncicfl of pacific settlement | on stronger foundations; until fear, the most dnngerous of all national emotions, hns •Jbeen proved groundless by long proof of International honesty, until the power of world public opinion as n, restraint of aggression has hnd many years of test, there will not have been established that confidence which warrants the abandonment of pre- pnredness for defense among nations. To do so may Invite,war. , "I am for adequate preparedness as a guaranty that no foreign soldier shall ever stop upon the soil of our country. "Our nation has said with millions of voices that wo desire only defense. That Is the effect of the covenant we have entered Into, not to use war as an Instrument of national policy. No American will arise today and say that we wish on« gun or one armed man beyond that necessary for the defense of our poplo. To do HO would create distrust In other nations, and also would be, an Invitation to war. Proper defense requires military strength relative to that of other nations. We will reduce our nnvrtl strength in proportion to any other. Having sold that it only remains for the others'to say how low they will go. It can not be too'low for us. "There Is another of these a.ge-old controversies which stir men's minds and their fears. That is the so-called freedom of the seas. In reality In our day It Is simply the rights of private citizens to trade in time of war, for there Is today complete freedom of the seas In times of peace. If the world succeeds In establishing peaceful methods of settlement of controversies, the whole question of trading rights in time of war becomes a purely'aca- demic discussion. Peace Is its final solution. "But I am going ,to have the temerity to put forward an Idea which might break through the Involved legal questions and age-old interpretations of right and., wrong by a practical step which would solve a large part of the Intrinsic problem. It would act as a preventive as well as a limitation of \vnr. 1 offer it only for the consideration of the world. I have not made It a governmental proposition to any nation and do not do so now. I Jcnow that any wide departure from* accepted Ideas requires long and searching examination. No Idea can be perfected except upon the anvil of debate. This Is not a proposition foy the forthcoming naval conference, ah that session is for definite purpose, and this proposal will not bo injected into it. "For many years, and born of a poignant personal experience, I have held that food ships should bo made free of any interference in times of war. I would place all vessels laden solely with food supplies on the same footing as hospital ships. The time has como when we should remove starvation of women and children from the weapons of warfare. "The rapid growth of industrial civilization during the past half century has created in many countries populations fai;, in excess of their domestic food supply and thus steadily weakened their national defenses. As a consequence, protection for overseas or imported supplies has been one of the most impelling causs of increasing naval armaments and military alliances. Again, In countries which produce surplus food, their economic atablllty is also to a considerable degree dependent upon keeping open the avenues of their trade in the export of ouch surplus, and this again stimulates armament on their part to protect BUch outlets. "Thus the fear of an interruption In sea-borne food supplies has powerfully tended toward naval development in both importing and exporting nations. In all important wars of recent years to cut off or to protect «uch supplies OAVM Wo Will Give A. Reduction Of 1 .OO On Kucli And Kvnry Electric Iron ' I'urultiiMGil Here Wednesday Our stock of irons include the following well known makes. YVestinghouse Automatic \Vestinghouse Non-Automatic Universal Wrinklcproof 3 and 6 Pound Hotpoint HKIISTED TO lilt ID MAMTJSK VICTORY MARION FREE! Oiui tixtrn, cord given free with each Iron imrelwHfid on Wednesday. Hart Electric Company 1109 Twelfth Ave. Dial 5360 "Where AU tint Hlrnnl OHI-H Stop" has formed a large element in the strategy of all combatants. .We can not condemn any one nation; almost all who have been engaged In war have participated in it. The world must sooner or later recognize this as one of the underlying causes of Its armed situation, but, far beyond this, starvation should be rejected among the weapons of warfare. "To those who doubt the practicability of the idea, and who insist that agreements are futile for the purpose of controlling conduct of war, I may point out that the Belgian relief commission delivered more than 2,000 shiploads of food through two rings of blockade and, did It under neutral guarantees continuously during the whole World war. The protection of food movements in time of war would constitute a most Important contribution to the rights of all parties, whether neutrals or belligerents, and would greatly tend toward lessening the pressure of naval strength. Foodstuffs comprise about 25 per cent of the commerce of the world but would constitute a much more Important portion of the trade likely to be Interfered with by a blockade. 'Men of good will throughout the world are working earnestly and honestly to perfect the equipment and preparedness for p«ace. But; there is something high above and infinitely more powerful than the work of all ambassadors and ministers, something far niore powerful" than treaties and the machinery of arbitration and conciliation and judicial decision, something more vital than even our covenants to abolish war, something more mighty than armies and navies in defense. "That Is to build the spirit of good will and friendliness, to create respect and confidence, to stimulate esteem between peoples—this is the far greatest guaranty of peace. In that atmosphere, all controversies become but jasslng incidents of the day. Nor does his friendliness, respect and esteem come to nations who behave weakly or supinely. It comes to those who are strong but who use their strength not n arrogance or injustice. It is through these means that we. establish the sincerity, the justice and the dignity of a great people. That is a new vision of diplomacy that is dawning in the vorld. "The colossal power of the United Hates overshadows scores of freedom- oving nations. Their Defense against us Is a moral defense. To give to t,hem confidence that with the high moral sense of the American people this defense Is more powerful than all armies or navies, is a sacred duty which lies upon us. "It has been my cherished hope to organize positively the foreign rela- lons of the United States on this high foundation and to do it in reality, not simply in diplomatic phrases. The establishment of that relationship is vastly more important than the mere settlement of the details of any of our chronic international problems. In' such pure air and in that alone can loth sides with frankness and candor iresent their points of view and either Ind just formulas for (settlement, or, alternatively, agree to disagree until time finds a solution. We have In re-' cent years heard a vast chatter of enmity and criticism both within and without our borders where there is no real enmity and no conflict oi! vital in, terest and no unsolvable controversy, "It is a homely parallel but equajly true that relations between nations are much like relations between individuals. Questions which arise be- :ween friends are settled as the pass- ng Incidents of a day. The very same questions between men who distrust and suspect each other may lead to enmity and conflict. "It was in this endeavor 'that I visited the presidents of the South American republics. That Is why I welcomed the visit of the prime minister of Great Britain to the United States. "All these men have talked of their problems In a spirit charged with the gravest responsibility, not only for our own relations but for the peace and safety of the world. We have thought out loud together as men can not think In diplomatic notes. We made no com 1 - mllmonts. We drove no discussion to final conclusion. We explored the areas of possible constructive action and possible controversy. We examined the pitfalls of International relations frankly and • openly. With this wider understanding of mutual difficulties and aspirations we can each in our own sphere better contribute to broaden good will, to assist those forces which make for peace In the world, to curb thOse forces which make for distrust. Thereby do we secure the Imponderable yet transcendent spiritual gains which come from successful organization of peace and confidence in peace. That is why I have endeavored to meet the leaders of their nations, for I have no fear that we are not able to Impress every country with the single-minded good will which lies in the American heart." TO AIR MILK DEALERS' DISPUTE 1 AT CONVENTION PITTSBURGH, Nov. , 12,—A delegation from the Dairymen's Cooperative Sales company of Pittsburgh, headed by P. S. Brenneman,' Jefferson, O.i and W. S. Wiae, Meadville, will present the policy of the organization before the Milk Producers' federation, In convention today in St. Paul, in an attempt to clear up recent disagreements between two factions of milk producers. During a disagreement between dealers and the Ohio Fanners' Cooperative Milk association recently the dealers'had obtained • their milk supply from 2,000 western Pennsylvania dairymen' and refused to buy milk from the Ohio producers. The dealers averred that the Ohio association had organized the Ohio Farmers' Milk Service company and sold milk to the consumers which resulted in competition with the dealers. The whole' matter was expected to be aired at the convention which opened yesterday. ' The for every occasion Franklin Cane Sugars Always full weight Franklin Sugar ^ Refining Company PRESIDENT URGES FREEDOM OF SEAS fcy JAWttBJiCE StltMVAN, Start Correspondent. WASHINGTON, D. c., NOV. 12.— America's traditional demand for freedom of the seas found new 'emphasis today in the capital's reverberations to President tioover's bold proposal th6,t fo6d ships be free from all interference by blockade in time of war. Linked with this far-reaChlnfe proposal in hia Armistice day address to the American Region last night in Washington auditorium, the chief executive! outlined tb;e administration's positive policy of "preparedness for peace." Such a policy, he declared, is as important to every nation as preparedness for defense. As to naval reduction, President Hoover declared it cannot go too low to please the United States. The address, delivered under the auspices of the American Legion, was broadcast over a nation-wide radio chain. "I would' place all vessels laden solely with food supplies on the same footing as hospital ships," President Hoover declared. "The time has come when we should remove starvation of women and children from the weapons of warfare."The suggestion strikes to the core of the age-old problem of the freedom of' the seas, for it would abrogate the right of any power to enforce a sea blockade against the civilian popula- tibn of an enemy nation. The blockade has been traditionally sustained by British foreign and naval policy since Drake carried the Union Jack to domination of the seas by his his victory over the Spanish Armada In 1588. i The president specifically disavowed any intention of injecting the question into the forthcoming London naval conference. This followed a like state- mentby Prime Minister Ramsay Mac- Donald In linden Saturday. However, diplomatic observers Inclined to the view tbday that the president's proposal . must lead soon to At least informal tifcchanges between the principal jtowera on the" whole subject of the waf-tJme law of the sea. - , Philadelphia Sunday,'November It SPiSClAt, THItOUGH *KAtN Lota* Saturday Might Prtc?ainir Excnrslon Lv. Aitoona .11.30 P. M. RETURNING IiVi Philadelphia (Broad Street Station) -,,... .8.00 P. M. , Alt, STfifct, «<H)IPMENT Pennsylvania Railroad Authorized Dealer for ' SCREEN GRID RADIO J. E. HEAPS ELECTRIC CO. 1004 Chestnut Ave. Phono 2-1022 AN EVIL TO BE DREADED Banish Constipation With Kellogg's ALL-BRAN Constipation is a widespread evi?. Many have it But do not realize it. In spite of pills and laxatives it does its deadly- work — sending poisons through the body—undermining health and happiness. The first signs' of constipation are headaches, tired feeling, spots before the eyes, sallow complexions. Pon't neglect these symptoms. Start eating Kellogg's ALL-BRAN. It brings sure relief and prevents constipation. Thousands have regained their health with Kellogg/a ALL-BRAN, Doctors recommend it. Because it is 100% bran it brings 100$. re-, suits.- Part-bran products are only "part" effective. Kellogg's ALL-BRAN la guaranteed. Just eat two tableapoon- fuls daily — chronic cases, with every meal. You'll like its crispness and flavor. Ready-to-eat with milk or cream. Delicious with fruits or honey added. Use it in cooking. Recipes are on the package for muffins and breads. Sold by all grocers. Served by hotels, restaurants and dining- cars. Made by Kellogg in Battle ALL-BRAN Aitoona Nationally 'ertised FOODS! November 12, 1929 \ Come to er man's Tomorrow Jewelry up to $10.00 Values Your Choice J.OO (See Our Windows) CASH or CREDIT Herman's 1311 Eleventh Avt. E«t. Since 1900 "THE MOST OUTSTANDING SALE WE EVER ATTENDED" SAID HUNDREDS OF CUSTOMERS THAT VISITED HARRY J. 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Monte L PEACHES^ i May we invite you. to watch this paper for our opening Ad. ,' t . ,-&,; , (,.,

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