Tucson Daily Citizen from Tucson, Arizona on March 11, 1966 · Page 25
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Tucson Daily Citizen from Tucson, Arizona · Page 25

Tucson, Arizona
Issue Date:
Friday, March 11, 1966
Page 25
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News iullllUI Sports TIM FRIDAY, MARCH I I , 1966 PAGE 25 GM ASKED TO EXPLAIN Girls And Gumshoes Out To Get Him, Says Nader WASHINGTON - (I) - Senators will try to determine just what the strawberry blonde was up to, standing there before the cracker counter in a supermarket and rolling her eyes at the young fellow. The young fellow is Ralph Nader, 32, tall,-dark-haired, intense, crusader for safer automobiles and author of the new book "Unsafe at Any Speed." According to Nader, a bachelor, he was minding his-own business one day last month, trying to pick out some biscuits for his larder when the blonde--name unknown to him-struck up a conversation. Would he mind awfully, she pleaded, coming up to her apartment and helping her move some furniture around? "Now ordinarily," Nader said last night, "I probably would have obliged, but maybe I was on guard because it was the second incident of that nature." A short time earlier a strange brunette had encountered him in a drug store and signified that she craved his company so they could discuss foreign affairs. Nader and his friends say these were only two of a string of peculiar events which began after his book was published and which continued after he appeared before a Senate subcommittee Feb. 10 to develop his thesis that American autos are 30 years behind the times in safety construction, and cost thousands of lives. Nader said gumshoes followed him, private eyes interviewed his acquaintances and his old professors and classmates at Harvard Law School, asking such questions as: Did he have, a normal sex life? Was he antisemitic? Did he belong to left-wing groups? Was he professionally competent? So yesterday Sen. Abraham A. Ribicoff, D-Cpnn., chairman of, the subcommittee on traffic, safety, announced that he was inviting the president of General Motors, James Roche, and heads of private detective agencies to appear March 22 and explain just what kind of investigation of Nader was conducted. General Motors said it would be glad to cooperate by sending representatives. It . acknowledged it had investigated Nader. But it said no intimidation or harassment was involved. "It is a well known and accepted practice in the legal profession," the giant corporation said, "to investigate claims and persons making claims in the product liability field, such as the pending C o r v a i r design cases." · The design of Corvairs 1960-63 is under attack from a safety viewpoint in pending lawsuits. Nader said he is not engaged in any such litigation. Ribicoff said: "The safety of the American driving public'is the basic issue before the committee. To this must now be added the additional issue of a witness 1 right to testify before a commiteee of the United States Congress without fear of character assassination." "Altogether too much respon- Somebody's watching him --AP Wirephoto sibility is put on the driver," he says. "It reminds me of the difference between razors. You can tell a man a thousand times to be careful of a straight razor but he'll still cut himself. Give him a safety razor and he's safe." It's altogether possible, he said, to perfect a folded plastic bag which, at the moment of crash, will jump off the dashboard and envelop the riders in a protective cushion of air. As for the industry's present safety measures, he says: "If we hadn't done more in our race for. the moon, we'd still be below the level of Mt. Everest." Sen. Jacob K. Javits, R-N.Y., said he approved an inquiry but "we should be very careful not to have an a priori judgment... We shouldn't use abrasive words like harassment and intimidation." Sen. Gaylord Nelson, D-Wis., told the Senate that Nader had been harassed by anonymous phone calls, mat his landlady, stockbroker, editor and business associates were quizzed and that "an attorney to whom he dedicated his book has been questioned at great length by a private detective, who was making lurid inquiries about his private life." Nader is the son of Lebanese parents who migrated to Winsted, Conn., and went into the restaurant business. He is a graduate of Princeton, 1955, and Harvard Law School, 1958. He told a reporter he virtually gave up his law business in Winsted two years ago to carry out a safer-autos campaign that began to take shape in his mind 10 years ago when he witnessed the results of a crash. "A little girl was virtually decapitated when she struck the open door of a glove compartment," he said. He began studying auto design by reading engineering reports, scientific treatises, court records. It is possible, he contends, to reduce crash deaths and injuries by 75 per cent, by better design, including flat instrument panels that yield on impact, highback setts to prevent-whiplash, gas tanks that won't rupture and turn people into "balls of fire" and, above all, body design that absorbs force before .it hits the passengers. Crackdown Set On Litterers By GORDON SLESSOR Citizen Staff Writer Police Monday will start a sweeping program to clean up litter on Tucson streets. Litterers will be ticketed on the spot -- and made to pick up the offending garbage. But, for now anyway, the luckless litterer won't have to pay cash for his crime --the tickets will be merely warnings. Police Chief Bernard L. Garmire said: "We hope they'll be taken in the spirit they a r e given -- to solicit cooperation from the public." Litterbugging -- and what to do about the problem--received new attention with the formation last year of the Governor's Committee on Arizona Beauty. A law levying a maximum penalty for littering at $100 and 30 days in jail has been, in existence in Tucson for years, al- though it seldom has been enforced. Garmire said the warning system is primarily designed to "get cooperation. . . .We have chosen this way to make the public more aware and to get better compliance." The chief added, however, that further action could be taken against those who get a large number of warnings. Another police official put it this way: "If we gave someone a warning for littering and he threw it on the street, we'd do something about it." Letters Say Assessors And Board Oppose Bill PHOENIX --(ft-- Letters have been sent to state senators informing them that the Arizona Tax Commission and all but one county assessor oppose a bill to strengthen the State Division of Appraisal and Assessment Standards. As proposed in the controversial Senate bill now in committee, the division would assume from the Tax Commission the job of keeping tax rolls up to date. The bill also would extend the life of the division and would authorize it to establish a data-processing program for assisting the county assessors' work. ;·*' ' The letters immediately were challenged by two assessors as being inaccurate and unauthorized. C. L. Sparks of Maricopa County and Joel Baldwin of Yavapai said they did not vote on the matter and that they did not oppose the bill as introduced in the Senate. LBJ To Get His Tax Program WASHINGTON --UP)-- President Johnson was assured of his $6 billion tax program today as House and Senate leaders moved to complete action quickly on a compromise version meeting administration specifications. -; Passage was assured. Senate and House conferees yesterday ditched most of the changes the Senate had made in the measure that would have reduced its net yield to the Treasury by $1 billion or more. HOWEVER, A limited program to blanket some 300,000 old persons into Social Security was included in the final version. Major provisions reinstate recently cut excise taxes on cars and phone calls, and speed up collection of personal and corporate income taxes. A revised withholding plan by which the amounts taken out of paychecks will more closely match tax bills remains in the bill with only minor modifications from the administration recommendation. It will become effective in May, bringing generally lower withholding for low- income taxpayers and somewhat higher withholding for those in middle and upper brack- "ets. BOTH BRANCHES of Con gress planned final votes by Tuesday, meeting the March 15 deadline requested by the President. The Senate may act Monday, Chairman Russell B. Long, D-La., of the Senate finance committee said. The $6 billion tax boost -$1.2 billion in this fiscal year and S4.8 billion in the year starting July 1--is designed to help finance the Viet Nam war and also dampen any inflationary tendencies. The Senate had voted to reduce sharply the tax rollback by limiting it to long - distance calls. But the conferees agreed to drop this amendment. The telephone excise tax, accordingly, will revert to 10 per cent from 3 per cent. THE INCREASED auto tax would be effective, the day after the bill is signed. It would not apply to autos in the hands of dealers. The other major revenue-affecting amendment was a Senate rider that would have given Social Security benefits to 1.8 million persons over 70 who had not contributed to the system. This would have cost the Treasury $790 million. The conference instead de- vised a plan for persons 72 and older. The number of beneficiaries was further reduced by eliminating those with federal, state or local government or railroad retirement pensions or receiving welfare payments. The benefit also was reduced from $44 a month and $66 for a couple to $35 for an individual and $52.50 for man and wife. The changes reduced the first- year cost of the program to $90 million. If is Best Friend Is His Dog? NOTTINGHAM, England --UPI-- Kim, a German shepherd, loves his master and is fiercely loyal. Sometimes he is too fierce. Alan Twigg, Kim's master, took Kim for a stroll last night and fell into a 10-foot deep hole, injuring his head. Kim took up his vigil at the top of the hole and kept would-be rescuers at bay. The would-be rescuers called police who sent a special dog handler to the scene. The policeman' was bitten three times. He changed tactics then and sweet talked Kim for 15 minutes. Kim relented and allowed his master to be taken to a hospital. Student Papers Honored Three Receive Top Awards School newspapers at Tucson, Catalina and Sunnyside High Schools here, plus the THS "Quarterly" magazine, have won top national awards from the Columbia Scholastic Press Association. Palo Verde High School's "Post" won first place, second highest award in the prep newspaper competition. IN THE competition among university newspapers, the University of Arizona "Daily Wildcat" and Arizona State University's "State Press" won first place honors. The THS "Cactus Chronicle" and "The Trumpeteer" from Catalina were among only 11 prep newspapers in the nation's biggest high schools to win med- alist honors. Both have won similar national honors in past years. · Sunnyside High's "Devilaire" won medalist honors in competition between newspapers from smaller high schools with 1,001 to 1,500 students. It is the second year in a row the Sunnyside paper has won top award in the competition. Editors of the THS newspaper this year have been Bob Kamman and Kathy Ferguson. Miss Harriette Martin is faculty adviser for the Chronicle staff. Editor-in-chief of the Trumpe- teer is Tony Sauro and John Carlton Jr. is faculty adviser. SUNNYSIDE "Devilaire" editor this year is Lee Lewis. Faculty adviser for the newspaper at the South Side school is Merlin Moore. The THS "Quarterly," a magazine with short stories and poetry published by students four times each year, was the only high school magazine in the nation to win medalist honors. Harvey Ferguson is faculty adviser and Danny Eisenberg is student editor. A total of 45,000 school newspapers and magazines were entered in this year's competition. The judging was at Columbia University. Exclusive Showing PHILADELPHIA -ffl- More than 120 paintings by Piet Mon- drain, the Dutch artist, will be shown April 2 through May 9 at the Philadelphia Museum of Art. The museum said the exhibition would be seen nowhere else in the United States. 59 Survivors From A Shau Are Rescued FACE LIFE TERM 3 Found Guilty Of Murdering Malcolm X NEW YORK -UPI-- Three young Negroes were found guilty of first degree murder early today for the assassination of Malcolm X, onetime Black Muslim leader who claimed his defection from the white-hating sect marked him for murder. Convicted of shooting down the black nationalist firebrand before a crowd of his followers were Thomas 15X Johnson, 30; Norman 3X Butler, 27, both of New York, and Talmadge Hayer, 24, of Paterson, N.J. Johnson and Butler acknowledged they were Muslims; Hayer denied he belonged to the sect. THE DEFENDANTS face a mandatory life sentence. New York state has abolished capital punishment except for killings of police in the line of duty or during prison breaks. Formal sentencing was set for April 14. Each member of the jury, which included three Negroes, replied "guilty" when polled individually on the verdict. Malcolm X, fiery preached of black supremacy and hatred of whites, was felled by volleys of gunfire at the rostrum of the Auduoon Ballroom in Manhattan Feb. 21,1965. upper Only a few days before he was slain, Malcolm X, 39, told a reporter: "I'm a marked m a n . . . I live like a man who's already dead." ASKED WHO HATED him enough to kill, the eloquent, bespectacled Malcolm replied, "They." Then he added, "That man in Chicago." Malcolm formerly was No. 2 man in the Muslim hierarchy behind aging Elijah Muhammad, whose headquarters is in Chicago. But Malcolm broke with the Muslims and formed his own black nationalist group, the Organization of Afro-American Unity. Bitterness, threats and violence ensued. Indonesian Students Bar Palace Cars SINGAPORE - UPI - Anti- Communist students rioting against President Sukarno's left- wing ministers blocked roads to his palace today and forced cabinet ministers to fly to their meeting by helicopter. Sukarno ringed the palace with troops and tanks. Jakarta radio said the angry Sukarno told this' cabinet ministers -- only half of them attended the meeting -- that they must follow his commands or »et out. He criticized the armed forces for refusing to obey his orders to put down the two-week student revolt. He described the student agi- [ation as a "counter revolution" launched by the "Neo- coloim" -- neo-colonialists, colonialists and the imperialists. ARMED WITH 'BLOOD AND FIRE' BANNER Salvation Army Lady Attacks, Foils Bandits By COLIN FROST LONDON --m-- The payroll robbers swooped for the swag, and Maj. Marion Dunn of the Salvation Army hiked into battle. "God is watching!" her war cry shrilled through Bow Street, in London's tough dock area. You will go to hell!" The three robbers heeded not. The 51-year-old major jumped from her bike and charged into action, armed only with her banner proclaiming "Blood and Fire." As the three crooks attacked two men who had just left a bank yesterday with a 1,500- pound ($4,200) payroll, the major mobilized a group of housewives to link arms road. across the One of the gang tried to break through the cordon. A truck- driver jumped from his cab and felled him. The p o l i c e arrived and grabbed another. The third man escaped in a car. The two payroll couriers, Samuel Peters, 57, and his son Andrew, 21, were hospitalized with head injuries. They had the money inside their shirts, and the robbers didn't get it. Said militant Maj. Marion: "I suppose I got a bit carried away. "The gang tried to get away along the pavement toward us but we quickly sealed it off. "I tried to kick one of them when he was on the ground but too many people got in my way and I couldn't get near him." Then she pedaled off to play 5 Downed Fliers Saved S A I G O N -- U P I -- U . S . Marine helicopters today rescued five downed Marine fliers and 54 Vietnamese tribesmen who had hidden from the Communist force that captured the A Shau Special Forces camp. Another 69 had been rescued before the camp was overrun Thursday. A spokesman disclosed the defenders of the camp on ;the Laotian border 375 miles northeast of Saigon killed an estimated 500 Communist troops before the two - day onslaught by 5,000 North Vietnamese regulars. But it appeared most of the 380 U.S. and Vietnamese defenders died. Only five of the 12 to 20 American Special Forces men in .the camp with Montapard mountain tribesmen-and Nung mote- taineers of Chinese descent were known to have been saved, and all were wounded. ; ? ' TODAY'S RESCUE was carried out by Marine search-and- rescue helicopters who brought out the five Marine belie crewmen shot down yesterday and 54 Mpntagnard and Nunfcs, including three women, who had hidden from the Communists^ .All f ive'Marines rescued ko- day had been reported killed .yesterday in the crash of two rescue helicopters. One of Jhe men was a gunner who was fist seen running for a bunker inside the camp after his three crew- mates were saved. The other four .were from a helicopter which crashed on its side inside Communist lines. ·* Where they had hidden was not immediately known but .the :amp astride a, CtoihmtHMt {infiltration, route from Laos was abandoned yesterday' in the face of Communists attacking 'Jin waves until their bodies were. piled up like cordwood outside barbed wire, de- the organ at a prayer meeting, warlord. :he camp's fenses. HELICOPTERS F L Y I N G ward the muzzles of the North Vietnamese guns picked up a total of 69 persons, mosily Vietnamese tribesmen, a n d some downed fliers. There was 10 accurate count of the number of defenders saved but! it appeared to be around 120. : · While the Americans and Vietnamese counted their losses South Viet Nam was faced with another political crisis. Soldiers and students in the city of l)a Nang 60 miles east of the overrun camp demonstrated against he firing of strongman Gen. Nguyen Chanh Thi, who ted run the First Corps area like, a U. S. MEDICINE: CRISIS AND PROMISE--4 Medical Care For The Poor--A Monumental Challenge U.S. medicine will have an exacting role to perform in the war on poverty. Vast needs are seen among the millions of poor and old in big city slums and many rural areas. This is the fourth of five articles on American medicine today. By ALTON BLAKESLEE Associated Press Science Writer "It's simply shocking," said a pediatrician in a large eastern city. "You wonder if some way can't be found to give these kids a better medical break." "These kids" w e r e 1,442 youngsters, mostly from poor families, enrolled in a Head Start program to prepare them better for entering school. One-third of them, medical exams found, had some major medical defect, or emotional problem -- or both. That is one measure of the health needs, mostly unmet, among millions of poor people in big cities and many rural areas; needs unmet despite hospital clinics and physicians' donated time. Various reasons are suggested for the neglect: That people don't know facilities exist . . . that there aren't enough facilities . . . that some people can't find baby-sitters or take time from their jobs . . . that clinics and services are too fragmented and patients are shunted from place to place . .. many have.no medical or hcs- pital insurance systems . . . tile charge is even made that "many poor people just don't care." But when, and if, the sluice gates open to meet their needs, the nation's medical system will be challenged more than ever. Medicare will bring part of this new testing, since many elderly persons living on limited incomes will be offered hospitalization under Social Secur- ity payments. They may also sign up, at low fees, for medical services. Looking to July 1, when Medicare begins, hospitals in some cities expect a heavy demand for beds and services. Others anticipate only a slight increase, mainly because many beds already are occupied by patients over 65. More demand for medical services will come. For title XIX of the Medicare law calls upon states vastly to expand their programs of health care for all the needy and medically needy in each state, by July, 1975 if they are to continue receiving federal money. Poor health is one root, one anchor, in a vicious cycle of poverty -- "without intervention the poor get sicker and the sick get poorer," says Dr. H. Jack Geiger of Tufts University Medical School in Boston. He and Dr. Count D. Gibson Jr., professor of preventive medicine at Tufts, are originators of a novel approach to improve the health of the poor--a program containing seeds for increasing health manpower jobs among the poor themselves. Sponsored by the medical school, with an initial grant of $1,168,000 in poverty program funds, the program is setting up two community health centers, one in Boston, another to come in a rural southern area. The Boston center, at the Columbia Point Housing Development, already is operating. In its first four weeks, 600 children and adults in the housing development came for diagnosis and treatment. "We hadn't expected that amount of demand until next June," Geiger said, showing a visitor through an area of the housing project converted into the health center. "That reflects the pent-up, need." Tufts supplies the small staff of physicians on duty at the health center. The doctors may refer some patients to city hospitals or to specialists, as needed. This health program is one pilot attempt -- aided by a computerized system of keeping records -- to determine the real need for health services, what they cost in time, services and money to meet them, Geiger explains. It may point the way to similar centers in other areas. There are 6,000 families in the housing project, and one- third of them enrolled in a voluntary health association which helped plan the health center itself. But anyone in the housing project can utilize the health center. No one is charged for visits. Prevention of illness is emphasized. "It is their health center," Geiger stressed. "We believe the people of Columbia Point would rather have things done with them, not 'for' them or 'to' them. We believe people have something important to contribute to this kind of idea and program." The health association members decided that f a m i l i e s should pay $3 a year in membership dues, partly to help equip the center. "We asked why S3 was decided upon and someone said: 'Because that's the cost of just one taxi - ride in the middle of the night to a hospital emergency room that we won't have to make when a health center is right here'." Poor people -- not unlike anyone else -- "find ways of beating the system. If they have to wait too long in a hospital clinic -- sometimes the wrong clinic, it turns out -- or return day after day, or answer the same questions again, or go to several clinics, they find they can get faster care by going to the hospital's emergency ward." Hospital emergency rooms in numerous cities report a large recent increase in patients -including middle-income persons who say they don't have, or can't find, or haven't tried to find, a private physician. "But here," Gibson and Geiger point out, "they don't have tc 'beat the system'--because it's their system. When problems arise, they help us solve them. "Poor people know their own problems. And they have ideas. When we suggested putting fold- down cots in the pediatric waiting room, several w o m e n scoffed. 'Put in rocking chairs instead,' they told us. 'Anyone knows a sick baby cries less if his mother is holding him.' " To augment medical manpower -- mostly womanpower-- the center provides some jobs for residents as health aides, as receptionists, as nurse aides, home aides who know the people and their problems, as medical stenographers. Other jobs may come along. "We hope some of these people will leave us to go on to similar jobs elsewhere, or for girls to become nurses, and then we can train more people," Geiger said. "We believe that health services should go to the community, because that's where the people and the needs and the problems are. The health services should be comprehensive and coordinated, not fragmented--because people are indivisible and health is indivisible." Whatever the outcome of this particular program, the future promises many other changes in medicine. Next: The Promise

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