INDEPENDENT Herman H. RMir, Ml'aktr Vm'itl H. KMtr, Co-Puklhktr Stmvfl C. Ctmint, Gmti-il Hant(tt Bimtid J. RMir Jr., Bmintis Miiuftr Vjtitr It. foM. Aaiilaat to tin fublishcr Will an V", Bream, fjiinr Miles Â£ Siitci, Extetuirt Editor Maltolm Ipltf, Auociai Eiiior Sietlitf Btmil, Mousing fjiior Den Okl, Uitotiil fj[t EJiior L. A. Collins, Si., Uiior'ul Colnmiiit 604 Pint Anaui, 90601 ttlt^tiitt 4H.1161 1-2 LONG BEACH, CALIFORNIA, FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 28, 1969 Rigged games are proper probe target A FEDERAL Trade Commission hearing on giveaway games was sidetracked temporarily by a New York congressman who demanded regulation of trading stamps, which are entirely separate from the games. Rep. Lester L. Wolff, D.-N.Y. said the stamps add 2 per cent to the cost of food for the average family. He insisted on federal rules for the merchandising practice, in addition to any state regulation and the selectivity of the shoppers themselves. SINCE MOST of the food shopping is done by housewives, it seems to us this proposed overlay of government control is excess baggage. The housewives of our acquaintance spend considerable time reading the market advertisements. They know prices, quality, service and convenience of store location; they are well aware of which stores offer stamps and which do not. And they follow the arguments, mostly in advertising, for and against trading stamps. Being thus informed, they are 'able to plan their own shopping in a manner pleasing to themselves and at least tolerable to their families. And the FTC will set off a clamor of protest if it tries to restrict the ladies' freedom of choice. The commission would have been better advised to confine its attention entirely to the original subject, the games. These are promoted heavily by gasoline service stations, where a much larger share of the shopping is done by men. This means that the shoppers are vulnerable. It is our observation that the male of the species can be more easily gulled than the female. Since gasoline price competition is minimal, he is apt to indulge in impulse shopping touched off by a sign proclaiming big cash prizes. And unlike the housewife shopping for food, he has no way of checking whether the sign is honest. THE HOUSE Small Business Subcommittee, as well as the FTC, is concerned about the extent of deception in the giveaway games. This is a legitimate field of inquiry, regulation and even prosecution. The aim should be to deter false claims and rigging, not merchandising initiative by the seller or discretion of choice for the buyer. In a free system the federal government should not be expected or allowed to take us all by the hand every time we spend a dollar. AJI internal scrap hurts union cause THE AFL-CIO continues to Â£ show the effect of control by an aged bureaucracy. In announcing withdrawal of *" the American labor federation from the International Confedera- L,. tion of Free Trade Unions, -." George Meany accused the ; ICFTU of efforts at "rapproch- ; ; ment" with Moscow. f - IS THAT a mortal offense at a ;- time when President Richard ~: Nixon, once an implacable cru: sader against communism, is lay- Â·Â» ing the groundwork for a careful ; policy of conciliation with the \. Soviet Union? Â· The confederation, it is true, I was established to combat the C o m m u n i s t-dominated World ; Federation of Trade Unions. No one should quarrel with Meany's assertion that the so-called unions in Russia bear little resemblance to the democratic model. Nonetheless the American labor movement, which once was equated with political radicalism, must feel isolated in its position considerably to the right of a Republican national administration. The remarkable point about the confederation's alleged loss of anti-Communist zeal was that it was tolerated by Meany and his associates until the international body responded warmly to an application by Walter Reuther's United Auto Workers for membership. THERE IS a place for a central agency working for free unionism in whatever ways seem likely to moderate the hardships of workers oppressed by governments of the right or left. It could be a cause for regret if the one unofficial agency with the greatest potential in that respect should be scuttled, after 20 years, by the Meany-Reuther feud. TOWN MEETING Past-century ideas? EDITOR: One of the candidates for trustee of the Long Beach Unified School District Board of Education has .: emerged from his medieval cocoon, '* without realizing he is in the twen- Â· tieth century. He is said to advocate "sex education in the upper grades only." (He does not realize that pub- erty occurs about 11 to 13 years and not 17 or 18 years, as he would ' wish.) He is opposed to "sensitivity training." (Does he favor treating I children like animals rather than as Â· individuals?) Sex education should ; be from a "marriage-moral basis." Â·~; (Whose morals? His? Fundamentalists ; often seem to believe that only they Â« have a direct line to God.) He "is a \ strong advocate of released time j. program." What right does he have to take children out of school? Each family can do as it wishes in regard to teaching of religion, past history, morals, etc. This is a function of family and church and should be done outside of school hours. Children go to school about 180 days a year only, and every moment is precious. Far too much time is wasted now, and "released time" is mentioned only to be strongly condemned. Voters must see that anyone with Ihe above ideas is not elected and every effort should be made to allow him to return to his narrow-minded darkness of the past century. Long Beach FRANK JOHNSON Harsh muntiny sentences EDITOR: You had an article about the lengthy prison sentences given two soldiers convicted of mutiny. They were tried for the October 14 sit down work stoppage at the Presidio Stockade in San Francisco, protesting the fatal shooting of a fellow prisoner and alleged harsh conditions at the military jail. This court-martial, and especially the harsh sentences given the soldiers, appalled me. This trial is just another example of tha military "overkill" and the desire to "make an example." The Pueblo hearing is another. It is my opinion, as a former unwilling cog in the military machine, that, our whole system of military justice needs revamping. The military must be made to realize that the sentences given out at the Presidio in this case and similar proceedings will not be tolerated by a nation dedicated to individual freedom and protection against cruel and unusual punishments. Long Beach TERENCE E. ENRIGHT Soviets look at Mr. Nixon New York Times Service NEW YORK -- Soviet diplomacy during President Nixon's European trip has been very interesting. The Moscow officials have said scarcely a word about Nixon's proclamations of loyalty to the West Germans and the North Atlantic alliance. They seem to be viewing his tour as a kind of courtesy call on the neighbors before the really important U.S.-Soviet summit meeting later on. Much has been said on this trip that might have provoked howls of anger from Moscow at an earlier date. It would have been easy for the propagandists to ridicule Nixon's talk of Western unity in the face of such obvious disunity between London and Paris, but they have been remarkably quiet and even discreet. IN FACT, they seem to have gone to unusual lengths to try to minimize the latest dispute between East and West Germany over. Berlin -almost' to the point of telling the East Germans that Moscow would decide policy toward the West whenever it got in the way of the Soviet. Union's desire to avoid a crisis. Also, Soviet diplomats In Washington, at the United Nations, and in all- the Western and Middle Eastern capitals have been urging restraint and insisting that nothing in Berlin, Vietnam, or the other trouble spots should be allowed to interfere with the earliest possible talks between U.S. and Soviet officials on arms control and the Arab-Israeli controversy. It may be significant that the Soviet government has decided to keep Ambassador Dobrynin in Washington for a while, rather than bring him home this month, as was the original report. He has as much confidence among influential Republicans as well as Democrats in the capital as any Soviet ambassador has had there since the beginning of the cold war, and he has already opened a line of communication to President Nixon and his principal foreign policy advisers. THIS may help explain why Soviet officials, who were vicious in JAMES RESTON their criticism of Nixon before he was nominated for the presidency last year, have said so little against him since then, and have watched his tour through Europe, and even his amiable talk of German and Western "unity," with unnatural restraint. Nixon and his aides have appernt- ly recognized the signal. Wherever the President has gone, he has emphasized that he was faithful to the alliance, but intended to talk to the Soviets as soon as possible about the major questions of world policy that could not be resolved without accommodations between Washington and Moscow. This U.S.-Soviet talk is fundamental to both Nixon and the Soviet leaders. Europe cannot contribute much to the solution of Nixon's problems. He needs a compromise on Vietnam and the arms race in order to get the money to deal with his social, racial, economic, and political problems at home. THE Soviets have a comparable problem. They have to worry about. China and their own demands at home for a better standard of living. They are as worried about controlling the Arabs as Washington is about controlling the Israelis. Accordingly, they want time to talk to Nixon, and no unnecessary diversions about France, Britain or even Berlin in the meanwhile. Nixon, understanding all this, has prepared the European capitals for the Soviet talks to come, and in this sense, his trip has been a success. But while he has been away, the war in Vietnam has become more violent and keeps bringing him back to reality. THE casualty lists of Americans killed have been longer in this last week than in any other week since he went to the White House. Hie headlines at the moment are on the new President's visits with the great and his style, and this is interesting, particularly tor the society page editors, but the real problems are problems of policy and not of style, and these lie in Washington and in Moscow and not in Europe. Fortunately, both Nixon and the Soviet leaders seem to get the point. Nixon is wooing the European leaders and Moscow is ignoring them -both for the same reason: to get down later on to the major policy problems which Moscow is prepared to discuss and the new Nixon administration hasn't yet had time to review. Senator Soaper By BILL VAUGHAN EVEN the ancient movies on television can be hazardous, as in the case of the 13-year-old girl down the block who has fallen in love with Mickey Rooney. A TEAM of psychologists reports that most people are honest. If, that is, we can believe they did the research they say they did. THE empire is having its problems, but England can take some consolation in the fact that it has won three pancake-flipping derbies in a row. CONGRESSMAN Sludgepump says it gives him a real thrill of accomplishment to realize he is a 41 per cent better person than he was in the last session. mitHiHlniMiiiiiiiililmmiiimimiNiiiiiiHwimMiiNiiiiimHiiminMHiiiiiniminiMuimiiiiimiiimiiiiiiimNm SIDEWALK SENATE OTIS GOOCH, cleaning goods distributor, Long Beach: Nope. To some extent the jokes are exaggerated. I know quite a few mothers-in-law, and they're pretty decent people. When you come right down to it, the jokes are way out of line. JEAN NEWB1NS, cafeteria server, Long Beach: Not really. My mother- in-law was all right. Sh* didn't interfere with my life too much. I think the jokes are highly exaggerated -- although I might say this: one of my girlfriends had trouble with hers. DONALD YOEMANS, laborer, Long Beach: No. I used to have a mother-in-law, and she was pretty good. The jokes are funny, but I'm not so sure they're true. You can joke about anything, but it doesn't necessarily mean the jokes are true. SIDEWALK SENATE Are mothers-in-law as bad as they're painted in jokes? (Asked at Fifth Street and Pine Avenue) WARREN STUBER, former Army man, Long Beach: I don't get along too well with mine. She's got a good heart; but when she gets on a subject, she doesn't know when to quit. She doesn't interfere too much, though. I'll say that about her. Also, she helps us out once in a while. But I can lake only so much of her talking. GENEVA BATTLE, homemaker, Long Beach: My daughter-in-law says I'm the best mother-in-law she's ever seen. Matter of fact, I'm a dandy. We get along fine. They do for me. They're very nice people. ELLEN SCHROEDER, retired children's home supervisor, Long Beach: I do think the jokes are exaggerated, because mothers-in-law try to be nice. In fact, they are nice. They don't interfere as much as the jokes indicate. I have six sisters who are all mothers-in-law, and they're all excellent. De Gaulle was reason for Nixon trip WASHINGTON -- President Nixon had staked his whole European visit on the chance of successful talks with President de Gaulle, the head of state with whom he confers in detail this weekend. It was the chief reason for his making the unprecedented tour of Europe by a President only one month after assuming office, when DREW PEARSON domestic policies were not yiH firmed up. However, Nixon had some encouragement from the "great man" himself. On Jan. 11, even before he was inaugurated, Nixon sent a letter to De Gaulle declaring his willingness to consider the French position nn world problems. DR Gaulle replied on Jan. 17 that he would be happy to exchange views in depth; even before this, De Gaulle had expressed some pride in Nixon's comeback. More than a year ago he had predicted this and seemed In consider the fulfillment of his pro- diction a personal triumph. As a gesture to De Gaulle, the new President in his first White House reception junked the Johnson policy of using domestic champagne in favor of French champagne -- much to the disgust of California and New York State wine growers. IN ADDITION, Nixon had discreetly sidetracked Prime Minister Harold Wilson, who sent his ambassador to the White House immediately after the inauguration to say that the Prime Minister would like to fly to Washington. During the Johnson administration, Wilson was the first foreign caller at the White House, while under Kennedy the first caller was British Prime Minister Harold Macmillan. But not under Nixon. His great goal was to patch up relations with De Gaulle. And last week shortly before Nixon's takeoff for Europe, the State Department and CIA advisers gave him one hour's briefing on DR Gaulle's habits, eccentricities, health, political views, etc. It was the only extensive briefing Nixon received regarding any of the leaders he was to visit. Then, suddenly the British punctured Nixon's balloon. They leaked the story of how De Gaulle had approached them as late as Feb. 4 with a plan to dismantle NATO and reshuffle the economic and political power in Western Europe, dealing the United States completely out. THERE WAS no question but that De Gaulle deliberately made the overture to the British at a time when he knew Nixon was coming to Europe. Nixon had written him on Jan. 11, and by Jan. 31 the State Department had taken diplomatic soundings with the chanceries of Europe regarding Nixon's visit. Despite this, Dfi Gaulle called in the British ambassador, Christopher Soanies, for luncheon on Feb. 4, to propound the new power structure for Europe. De Gaulle does not lunch with many ambassadors. He's even seen very little of Sargenl. Shriver, prestigious American envoy in Paris. There is no question also that the British, with equal deliberation, leaked the De Gaulle story on the eve of President Nixon's departure. When the French denied it, the British even showed newspapermen a transcript of the luncheon conversation, dictated by Ambassador Soanies after his meeting with De Gaulle. What nil this means is that the President of France is extremely d i f f i c u l t to deal with and Nixon must adjust to this fact. Franklin .D. Roosevelt found this oul at Casablanca in 1943 and later described DC Gaulle as fancying himself a cross between Joan of Arc and Clemenceau. Winston Churchill, referring to the symbol of the Free French, remarked that "the Cross of Lorraine is the greatest cross I have to bear." THE FACT remains nonetheless that De Gaulle has done a lot of things for France. He brought an end to the war in Algeria which had been bleeding France white. He recognized that the cold war between West and East is over, which was one reason lie pulled French troops out. of NATO. NATO could .have been made an important instrument for European cooperation, but DR Gaulle pulled out the rug before this could happen. The French President was inexcusably rude in urging a free Quebec while a guest of the Canadian government. He has been overbearing and intolerant toward the United States, cut his own economic throat when he weakened the American dollar. In brief, DC Gaulle is De Gaulle, and the President of the United St'itas will have an interesting talk with him. But the chances are 100 to I he will not be able to do business with him. The No. I reason for Nixon's trip abroad has pretty much gone up in smoke.
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