Tucson Daily Citizen from Tucson, Arizona on March 8, 1968 · Page 30
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Tucson Daily Citizen from Tucson, Arizona · Page 30

Tucson, Arizona
Issue Date:
Friday, March 8, 1968
Page 30
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AS SEEN FROM CAN THO ESTABLISHED 1870 Published Every Afternoon Except Sunday MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS 1h« M is t ntilltd *xctujiytly to 111* use (or ttpublicotion of eK local n*v»s printed in this n«wipopef oj well 01 oil AP n*w» dispatcher. MEMBER OF UNITED PRESS INTERNATIONAL PUBLISHED BY THE CITIZEN PUBLISHING CO. Mail: Box 5027, Tucson, 8570J Telephone: 622-5855 Viet Cong Blow Halts Upbuilding FRIDAY, MARCH 8, 1968 PAGE 30 City Will Have Disaster Plan The City Council next week probably will approve a plan that details instructions for each city department and cooperating agency to follow in case of a disaster. Basic provisions of the 55-page plan were approved last week, six weeks after it had been submitted to the City Council. Final approval probably will come when the council determines who should have the authority to declare that a disaster has struck. The plan is limited to the city, but it can -- and should -- be adapted for county use, · The Tucson area has seen the need many times for a comprehensive disaster plan. It has taken too long to get one. The area has been struck by a wide variety of accidents and storms that, under the new plan, would have justified declaring either a red alert (a disaster or potential disaster) or a yellow alert (a crisis). The most recent example occurred last December when a military jet crashed into a supermarket, killing four persons. Certainly, the early minutes of the fire and explosions indicated an accident of disaster proportions. T.hings would have been worse had the store been crowded. Accidents involving highly toxic fuel in 1963, 1966 and 1967 showed that the city and county were totally unprepared for disaster. Thousand of persons were endangered by escaping toxic fumes in one instance. Had tanks ruptured, deadly gas would have threatened large areas in two other instances. The explosions that killed six persons at Supreme Cleaners in 1963 warranted the application of an emergency plan. ,,'' Disaster, whether caused by man or nature; can strike any time. The city and county have to be prepared to carry out prearranged plans when it does. *. t Like Lollypops ··'· In a column on this page today, John Riddick, Citizen -staff writer covering the war in Vietnam, analyzes some of the behind-the-news factors which have affected the military situation there. One of the factors he mentions is the AK-47 automatic rifle being used by the Reds. This weapon first hit the news last month, when a U.S. military spokesman described it as a "new" rifle and attributed recent Communist military successses to it. The AK-47 weighs only 10 pounds and can fire up to 100 rounds per minute. Acording to one American veteran of Vietnam: ·'i "When a soldier has the AK-47, he's not just a sniper -- he's- a machinegunner. He can tie up an entire Company." "... The gun, however, is not new. The AK-47 (Automat- i£ Kalashnikov) was introduced about 20 years ago and it has gradually become the basic infantry weapon of the Soviet Army. -· The AK-47s being used in Vietnam are believed to be manufactured in Red China, and some reports indicate the weapons are also being made in Bulgaria, Poland, North Korea and East Germany. The significance -- the dangerous significance -- of this is that Communist troops and Red guerillas all around the world now have one standard weapon and one standard cartridge. Despite America's vaunted technological and industrial superiority, the U.S. does not have a basic infantry weapon nearly so modern, dependable and effective as the AK-47. The M-16 was developed to fill the need but, according to American firearms experts, it performs poorly and is undependable. The defense department has plenty of super-weapons, such as H-bombs, which it dare not use. But it seems to be short of the kind of ordnance it needs in Vietnam. As a result, American soldiers with reportedly inferior rifles must face the devastating fire of the AK- 47. And, as Mr. Riddick points out in his column today: The Communists have "been handing out AK-47s to kids like lollypops." DENNIS THE MENACE Tucson Daily Citizen reporter John Riddick takes stock of the military situation and the pacification program from Can Tbo, the largest city of the Mekong Delta and one of the most battered cities during the Viet Cong's Tet offensive, By JOHN RIDDICK Citizen Staff Writer CAN THO -- The Vietnamese government and the American forces are struggling to recover here from a most stunning blow. Before the Tet offensive of the past month, there was a feeling hare that although it was painfully slow, there was some progress. "We were making headway," said one American leader. "The people were responding to our programs and many of them were beginning -to believe that the government, would be the winning side." And then with shocking impact, the Viet Cong rolled into the Delta cities, many of which were severely battered. Now, the allies have the cities and, in the main, the Viet Cong has the country. And the issue starkly faces the government and their American advisers of recovering their losses. Here at Can Tho, the central city of the Vietnamese Delta called the IV Corps militarily, Viet Cong battalions surround the city to bombard the airfield and the town at night and to move far more openly than before by day. The Vietnamese Delta, one of the great rice bowls of the world, is fed by the Mekong River which rolls '2,800 miles from Tibet to the South China Sea. Uninhibited by war, the Delta could feed bountifully all of Vietnam and have much left over to trade. More than a third of the Vietnamese people live here, their numbers variously estimated from 5.8 to 6.5 million.lt is a rural area predominantly and Can'Tho, the largest city, has only 100,000 people. The Delta is also the stronghold of the Viet Cong, the place where they recruit most of their soldiers and control most of their land. The U Minh Forest on the Delta's west coast is so much in Viet Cong hands that no one else dares to go there. Befor. Tet, the American government leaders conceded that one-third the country (people) was held-by the allies, one-third by the Viet Cong and perhaps another third or less was contested. The military force here is predominantly ARVN (Vietnamese Republic Army) and before Tet the government was estimated to have 170,000 ground troops, regular and militia and ithe VCs about 80,000. The Americans provide the riverine force of naval vessels and elements of the 9th U.S. Army division along with Army £·"' Air Force air power. And the Americans also act as advisers. The strategy was to move out gradually with a program called Revolutionary Development in which supported by ARVN troops, teams of 59 young Vietnamese men and women, go into the countryside offering security and the rudiment-; of modern technology and education. And then with great surprise, the Viet Cong attacked. The tuning was perfect. Perhaps half of the Vietnamese ar, y and government workers were away on a brief vacation, visiting families during the Tet holiday. , The bulk of the allied military force was. brought back to the cities for the anticipated second wave assault which fell on Feb. 1C, though somewhat weaker than the first. Now, the Viet Cong roam the countryside -- apparently intent on isolating the Delta cities from the rural areas. They continue to try to cut lines of communication and to rocket and mortar the airfields..' Particularly worrying the Americans and the government leaders is the Viet Cong supply of weapons, presumably infiltrated from Cambodia. It includes an abundance of highly regarded Russian AK 47 automatic rifles along with rockets. "They've been handing out AK 47s to kids like lollypops," said one American. , Most American technicians here -- the specialists in agriculture, public works and the rest -- feel there is little they can do now. And some think the w h o l e "upbuilding," program should be suspended until the military problem is solved. JOHN CHAMBERLAIN They Don't Wait For Washington LOS ANGELES -- If, in the middle of a war, slum dwellers are led to believe that a multibillion dollar federal crash program is about to endow them with instant jobs, homes and a §3,000-a-year basic family income, they are in for a disappointment -- and the nation is in for more rioting. The better way is already in the works in the Watts "curfew area" in Los Angeles, where the Negro, with the help of some truly enlightened businessmen, labor officials, community leaders, and an understanding City Hall, is busy trying to turn his environment into his capital resource. The Watts-Compton environment, of course, is infinitely more salvageable than the. congested brownstones of Harlem in New York or the urban warrens of Bedford-Stuyvesant in Brooklyn. To the visiting easterner, Watts is no ghetto; its wooden cottages stand amid lawns that are sometimes well-cared-for, there is new paint on some houses, the sun shines, and the smog is no worse than elsewhere in Los Angeles County. If it were only the physical environment in Watts, there would have been no riot's; the causes were surely economic and psychological, and had more to do with grievances dating back to the post-Civil -War period in the South than to anything else. Obviously it is recognition as human beings that Watts is asking for primarily; the physical surroundings can -- and will -be upgraded. Watts is producing its own DON MACLEAN leaders, who are not to be confused with the desperados that organized themselves for violence after the riots of two and a half years ago. One of these leaders, Ted Watkins, an old United Automobile Workers man, who wears diamond rings and likes bright green shirts, has a special way with kids, whether by twos and threes or by the hundreds. Watkins is a "motivated fellow," as Mayor Sam Yorty describes him -- and his greatest supporter outside of Watts is H.C. -or "Chad" -- McClellan, the former head of the National Association of Manufacturers who formed the Management Council for Merit Employment, Training, and Research after the riots, and proceeded to find jobs for 17,903 of the Watts unemployed. "When a NAM-er like me," says McClellan, "can join with a labor leader like Watkins, he's got to be good." Without losing any of his massive dignity, Watkins has a cajoling way with him. The other day his Watts Labor Community Action Committee took possession of a tractor, the gift of the Ford Motor Company. No less a person than Walter Reuther, boss of the United Automobile Workers, accepted the tractor for Watts, with an odd little speech about the "private sector" -- management, labor, and the local community -- solving problems that the government hasn't gotten around to. The tractor, however, was only the frosting on the cake. It is needed because Watkins had already cadged the use of 30 acres of unplowed land that happens to be the right-of-way in Watts of the Los Angeles Department of Water and Power. Ted Watkins intends to lure hundreds of those children who took part in the riots into farming the 30 acres for themselves at a profit. There will be a poultry business, too. If this seems like a strange adventure for a city slum, there are more orthodox projects in the works, as, for example, a shop where skilled unionists are training neighborhood youths in automobile repair work, and another center where kids are taught to make ceramics. And then there is the Watts tree planting that Watkins has started, using his boys and girls. Watkins induced Chad McClellan to cajole one thousand trees -- the Ficus Retusa, which can live in city air -from local nursery men at wholesale. The trees were paid for by five of McCIellan's business friends who put up the necessary $1,000. The plan is to make Watts a shaded area. This doesn't touch the hard core unemployed in Watts. But the solution of their problems is being pushed in skill centers, which have two thousand persons enrolled and ten thousand waiting to get in. Police records are forgotten when it comes to hard core job placements. The hard core has its built-in recalcitrance, but the fact that the incendiary Rap Brown managed to collect only 40 dollars at a recent meeting in Watts could indicate that violence is giving way to sanity even among those with the least to lose. Copyright 1M» Resnick's 'Inspection Tours' '03ULO 1 HAVE A I ear FOK SOME (SUM? KNOW'- As you read this, Rep. Joseph Y. Resnick (D, N.Y.) will have completed his "inspection tour" of villages in Sicily recently devastated by earthquakes. Fortunately, I did not accompany him. I say "fortunately" because, if his conduct in Sicily was anything like his behavior on a recent "inspection tour" of Vietnam, I'm not sure I could have taken it in good humor. Press clippings of Resnick's last visit to a land of disaster make for a pretty sorry chronicle. Accompanying Rep. Resnick on his combat zone trip were his son, 19, and his daughter, 17. Military officers, naturally concerned with the Resnick kids' safety, restricted their movements to the Saigon area, which itself is none too safe. This narrow-minded, military view infuriated Rep. Resnick, who complained that by not being allowed to see the troops in the field, his daughter would be unable to finish her article for "Teen-age America." Perhaps now he can give her some anecdotes on earthquakes in Sicily to flesh it out. Resnick, a millionaire who apparently is accustomed to service, found an ideal use for a Jewish chaplain who was in his Vietnam party. He got the rabbi to tote- a bag of knives, manufactured in Resnick's district, which the Congressman gave to servicemen. The rabbi was somewhat unhappy about performing this chore. Since Sicily is Catholic country, if Resnick gave away knives there, one wonders if he found a priest willing to lug them. Ah, well. If there is any conclusion to be drawn from all this, it is that whatever benefits there are in ResnickV "inspection tours," mosl of them accrue to the Congressman and not to those he inspects. This is, after all, an election year and Resnick hopes to take the seat of Sen. Jacob Javits (R., N.Y.) A. visit to Vietnam, therefore, is practically a required campaign tactic. And the fact that Resnick's state is not without voters of Sicilian extraction is not to be overlooked. The war and the. earthquake 1 provided the excuses for the trips, but, in my opinion, they were hardly the motivation. Certainly the good people o£ Sicily have no more idea of who Resnick is than did the troops , he visited in Vietnam. In both places, he was just another VIP to be guided and coddled. It. " Vietnam, Kesnick found troops to be reluctant to talk because they were "in awe" ui a congressman. I guess the Sicilians were "In awe" of him, too. I know I am. Copyrlaht \9t» NN HAN6 THE EXPENSE/ PUT IN A RACING EMSlNE." TOD ATS CITIZEN Spiritual Mentor Has Left Indelible Stamp On Scores By MARTIN HAYNES Citizen Staff W,riter She was a Tucson delegate at the National Baptist Convention in San Francisco. Between sessions, a young delegate, formerly of Tucson, greeted her: "I am the only one here from my church. -They sent me because they felt I could represent them better than anyone else -and I owe it all to the attention you gave me when I was growing up in Tucson," the girl said. Mrs. Ethel G. Barnes has been confidante, spiritual mentor and arbiter of many a childhood spat to two generations of Tucsonians. For more than 30 years she has ministered to hundreds of the young and not-so-young. She came to Tucson in 1921 from Houston and soon was knee-deep in (the work of Mt. Calvary Baptist Church. As the church grew to one of Tucson's largest, so did the activities of this devoted woman. She was a soloist, Sunday school teacher, vacation Bible school leader, program adviser and, eventually, director of the church's Christian education program. Under her leadership, the church Sunday school increased in attendance, setting the pace for other programs throughout the state. Always alert to changing trends, Mrs. Barnes introduced training policies learned at na' tional Baptist conventions and youth congresses. Her duties as president of, the women's division of the Para- dise Baptist Convention of Arizona have taken her to all parts of the state, where she has coordinated the work and . lis- sion of women's activities. The fall of each year has found her preparing for the Nat i o n a l Baptist Convention, where she has served as Arizona committeewoman on several national boards. Ethel G. Barnes A petite person whose fragile appearance belies her physical stamina, Mrs. Barnes long' ago discovered the secret of coordinating her duties as housewife with her full schedule of church and civic activities. Her husband, James C. Barnes, a retired Southern Pacific Railroad machinist, says, "I approve of her work outside the home because I know that she always keeps our own home in mind. In helping others, she rewards herself." Mrs. Barnes' interests cover a wide r^nge. For many years she has nourished an interest in writing, fostered by preparing her numerous speeches and committee reports. She was a patron of the Tucson Temple of Music and Art until its demise in 1963. Ten years ago she decided she would learn to use the typewriter. "I wanted to finish the draft of my speeches and reports myself -- to see them through from beginning, to end," she says. She has volunteered long hours to local heart and cancer , funds, and works regularly at her neighborhood polling station. She has assisted in the preparation of lunches at the 4th Avenue School for the Blind, and distributes church - donated clothing to the needy in the Rillito area. A friend has said sf her: "Ethel Barnes' idea of a purposeful life is one that is unyieldingly Christlike, not merely an existence that is Christ-oriented." Until last year, Mrs. Barnes' activities easily qualified her as the most traveled woman of her church, but recently her physician curtailed her activities. Regardless of her presently "suspended program," Ethel Barnes remains indelibly impressed in the memory of scores of Tucsonians whose lives she has enriched. \ A 1

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