Northwest Arkansas'TIMES, Sunday, April 25, 1976 Â· 7A rATETTCVILr.E, ARKASMS Â· _Â·_Â·Â·_ '. Colonial Papers Daring Revolution Often Manufactured News .By DENNIS MONTGOMERY. Associated Press Writer Rebel propagandists scored a ; direct hit on London with their very first broadside in the American Revolution. Tlrcy ; aimed to have Ihe Minutemen's ' side of Ihe Lexington anil Concord story published in England before the King's and their efforts were successful. : Almost word for word I hi. London press echoed the initial American newspaper report o) Iho "shot- heard round the world."." From .the sound of il Â· [here: was no doubt who triggered the clash.; "Last Wednesday, the 19th of April," .'^shocked Londonders read, -"the (roops of his Brit- laniek Ma^sly commences Hostilities upon the People o: this Province. ,'attended- with Circumstances of Cruelty less brutal than what our ven efable ancestors received from the. vilest Savages ot Ihe Wil derness." : Well invented it not enlirel' rulhful. the account came rorn Ihe Essex Gazette in Sa- 1 em, through Ihe courtesy and onniving of the Massachusetts irovincial congress. II had lired a light, last, packet boat o sail copies ot the, newspaper o England before. British army iccounls could cross. For 11 Promoted SAULT STB. MARIE, Mich -- Jimmy D. Willis, son of Mr and Mrs. Alex E Willis o Route 6. Fflyellevillb. has been promoted to sergeant in Ihi U.S. Air Force. Willis is a medical service specialist at Kincheloe AFD Mich., with a unit of the Slra legic Air Command. The sergeant is a 197 graduate o[ Springdale Hie' School. days the story: some stood 'alone; -quarters J- diS' hough in counted. MEWS EXCHANGE Newspapers of the era, on ef thcr side of the Atlantic Ocean depended for news on ex changes with other newspapers, on : ; letters, government . dis patches and word 'from - trav alers. London publication* 'regu larly reprinted Ihe ' dispatches if cnlonial . newspapers, : thougl they were known for. : lheir anli British bias since .Stamp Ac ' Â· ' Â· Â· " days, That would have been 111 news in London. Seeking li calm, the public two days afte the : first report "of Lexingto and .Concord was published o May 30, 1775'--,six weeks ade the fighting -- the , London Ga retler;asked readers: "Will an man ... with common sense believe that 150 New England m litia defeated eight; or- nin thousand regular troops an dwe them like .sheep throug the country for six miles ... Th brutal violence, Ihe savage bar barity . . . are all words de signed to exasperate more In people of New England agains the King's troops ..." It appears that lor the rest o the Revolution the Englis ere generally tetter Informed campaigns in New York and its progress than the Ameri- ans. There was no organized overage of battles by cither .mcrican or British papers, "lul London printers were able o tli - a\v on official and more or ess reliable/reports to the King rom the : army. SLANTED TALKS Patriot printers' often relied I'slanted, and'sometimes fab- icalcd, tales from \arious par icipanls in Ihe battles They were not^above printing rumors nor were th'ey beyond adding 'facts" favorable to thb'cause. New York, after its occupa ion.by. the British, became the center of the Tory press. James' Rivington's New-Yor] . lazetlecr. was :the i King's , foremost exponent.. It had been one of .r the b e s t newspapers in America . r until ( ' Hivington : forced to - flee to England 1775. Returning in 1777, changed the masthead to Roya Gazette and soon earned for i the title applied by the rebels "Rivington's Lying Gazette." ] was"free with its battle stories carried bogus reports ot quar rels in the rebel command an generally-was unreliable.. It may be said for Rivihgton however, that he turned spy fo the patriots and .contributed in ielligence on British codes tha was instrumental in the defea ot His Majesty's fleet at Yor! town. COMPLETE PARTISAN Another notable New . Â· Yor Tory was Hugh Gainei editor the Mercury. Until the autum cighhoring New Jersey in 1776 e wore the mask of neutrality. ut in December he became is comnlcal partisan, publish I this report: "The shattered Remains of he Rebel Army, 'tis said, are got over into the Jersics. Humanity cannot but Pity a Set of [Â»or misguided Men who are bus led oh to Destruction, by despicable and desparate Leaders, against every Idea of Rea son'and Duty, and without the east Prospect of Success." The war was tough on newspapers. On April 19, 1T75, the day the shooting began, (here were 37 in publication. Eight ;en more, were started during the war. Just 20 survived to ttrint. In 1781: ''Glorious'intelligence: New port, Oct. 25. Yesterday .after noon arrived in. : this harbour Capt. Loyat of the schooner Ac venturre,'. from York-River i Chesapeake-Bay" and brought u the glorious news of the surrei der of Lord Cornwallis ... . A cessation of arms took place o the 18th Inst. in consequence o proposals from Lord Cornwall! for a ; capitulation It'was nearly two years be fore the; news everyone was waiting for arrived. FINALLY PEACE - "A GENERAL PEACE. Ne York, March '25, 1783.: LAT last Night, an EXPRESS from New-Jersey brought tbe folio; ing Account. That on Sunda last, the Twenty-Third Instan a Vessel arrived al Phil dolphin, in Thirty-five Days! the Twentieth Day of January, from Cadiz, with Dispatches to the PRELIMINARIES, to A the Continental Congress. GENERAL P E A C E between forming them, that on Monday.i Great-Britain, France, Spain. Holland, and tho United Stales of America WERE SIGNED at Paris by all the Commissioners . .. in consequence of which, Hostilities, by Sea and Land, were to cease ... in America oa Thursday the -Twentieth Day ot March . .." Dedicated to qualjtyDevoted to you. from bur Jantzen Collection "The Tropicals" in colors of sea and sky Head toward Jhe sun in color-drenched'knit separates ...perfect holiday dressing for sunny summer days. Coordinate nature-inspired prints and textured solids in cool sea green and sky blue hues, made of satiny smooth 100% polyester. Sizes 8 to 16. 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