THURSDAY. FEBRUARY 12, 1976 TUCSON DAILY CITIZEN FOOD FASHION FAMILY ENTERTAINMENT HOMES FOCUS P A G E 17 Citizen Entertainment Writer new role for blacks Though she hasn't been on stage for some time now, Etta Moten Bamett has been playing a road show most every day lately. The Chicagoan's recent performances are in a public relations and inspirational role to benefit blacks. Last week she was on the University of Arizona campus for a couple of days, telling audiences that the era of civil rights activism is largely over. "The romance of activism isn't needed anymore; now we need to deliver. Students should be preparing their talents, not thinking about more demonstrations," said Mrs. Barnett as we talked together in one of the UA administration building offices. "The doors of opportunity are opening now." H is a message she repeats in several ways while discussing her own life as a Texas minister's daughter who graduated from the University of Kansas in 1931 and landed a job in a Broadway musical a short time later. The debut quickly led to road show and movie roles that culminated in a three-year stint as Bess in the 1341 Broadway revival of "Porgy and Bess," She tells the story with such offhanded casualness, one must keep in mind the difficulties of trying to carve out a show business career as a black woman in the depression 1930s. "No, there weren't many roles around back then. Just the usual stereotypes that people like Haltie McDaniel played. And even though black people have been able to advance a little faster in the fields of entertainment and sports, there definitely was a very subtle discrimination that existed," Mrs. Barnett recalled. "Remember, too, that first you had to become famous before anybody wanted you. Getting that big break was very difficult. And even then, salaries weren't all that good. The big turning point came when the Sidney Poitiers, the Harry Bela- fontes, the Quincy Joneses began getting the kind of money that gave them economic power. And they began putting that power and money back into their own economies. "The civil rights activists definitely helped. A lot of good came from that, though there were a lot of people who made a lot of sacrifices before the 1960s," Mrs. Barnett said. "But now t just want people to know the opportunities are out there." A few minutes later Mrs. Barnett was in another office, making arrangements for a time when she could listen to a student sing, After that came dinner, and then another lecture of encouragement. AT LAST, MOSE SHOWS -- The big time returns to the Doubletree tomorrow and Saturday with the appearance of blues artist Mose Allison in the ballroom, doing shows at 8 and 10 p.m. The sales meeting style seating used in past shows has been abandoned in favor of tables and chairs, and an hors d'oeuvres cart making the rounds for those who skipped dinner so they could arrive early to secure good seats. FOR TUESDAY NIGHT LOVERS -- The belly dancers don't come around on Tuesdays, but a couple of weeks ago Vance Koeuig walked into El Jebala and played the most beautifully laid back classical guitar I've ever heard. Vance's dramatic style is now a part of every Tuesday evening there, making the place a likely spot for romantic interludes. FOGELBERG FANS MASSING -- The surge of singer Dan Fogelberg's fans toward the Community Center ticket office was so great, it is reported that 40 per cent of the tickets for his March 7 concert were sold out in two days. Nothing to do but add another show, a rare thing in conservative Tucson. Now Fogelberg is down for double duty the 7th, appearing at 7 and 10p.m. NIGHTS OF WINE AND ROSES -- Moki and Kitty are back at the Sheraton, a sure sign of approaching Spring. Moki sings and Kitty plays piano. An electric drummer is occasionally flipped into service. . . . Brile Image is unpacked and playing at the Golden Bee. The trio is tightly professional, doing a commercial gig that could probably cook pretty good if people made the right requests. . . . The Jester's Coun has reopened under a new name -- Jumpin' Jacks. These days the band plays where the leopards used to be and people dance where the band used to be. The band in tow for opening festivities is a rock group called Monterey. Association for the Blind helps the sightless regain hope By CHUCK GRAHAM Citizen Slalf Writer With unrelenting pressure, blindness stalks the elderly, destroying forever that lifetime of hopes for a golden retirement of rewarding leisure. First the sight wanes, then helplessness mounts until the totally blind person is reduced to absolute dependence and massive depression. "The newly blind feel so completely crushed, so certain that life is over for them. The onslaught of blindness is so heart rending," said Mrs. Helen Clegg, who has been blind for quite some time now. Mrs. Clegg is a chipper lady who was already boosting the morale of many persons and getting a lot of things done in helping found the Tucson Association for the Blind back in 1964. These days she is still pursuing many projects around the association's center at 3767 E. Grant Road. So do a lot of others. The center lists 45 different types of classes and programs, ranging from braille lessons to softball games. Some of the instructors are professionals; most are volunteers. Some, like Bill Miners, are blind volunteers. Miners teaches braille here, has for six years. He has also won country fair ribbons for his weaving and lives alone in his own place just a little more than a mile from the center. "I spend about four days a week here. Used to spend five, but I've got so much housework to do 1 had to cut down," Miners mused. Six-year vet That's brash talk for a man who was reluctantly hauled into the center by his wife six years ago. "I have to tell a little story about Bill," Mrs. Clegg confided over coffee in the center recently. "We were located in a building down on Speedway when Bill came in for the first time. We talked for a little bit, then he said, 'Can you make a phone call for me?' So 1 said, 'Here's the phone, make it yourself.' Bill got very indignant. 'Well,' he said, 'don't you know I'm blind?' So am I, I told him and Bill's been coming back here ever since." Miners is one of the list of about 100 volun- teers who help out weekly. According to the center's director, Ken Gavitt, everything runs on dollar contributions and volunteer help. "We aren't a member of the United Fund, we don't use professional fund raisers. We depend on independent contributions. There's also some income from our resale store at 324 N. 4th Ave. and the gift shop in front of our offices here," Gavitt explained, adding that the city does subsidize the white cane travel class everyone takes to learn how to gel from place to place. Rehabilitation funds Rehabilitation funds from the state are another source of some income, though Gavitt points out that most members of the center aren't eligible for vocational rehabilitation because of their age. "Over 65 per cent of the blind people in the United States are 65 or older," Gavilt said. "The state has the responsibility for providing vocational rehabilitation. Here we emphasize social-recreational activities. Once you are blind, you need to know so much more than just how to do a job." Getting to the job would be one thing to learn, getting breakfast would be another. Then there is getting dressed in clothes with harmonious colors, and setting the clock at the right time to get up to get dressed to gel breakfast to go to work -- the list of nonvoca- tional things a newly blind person must learn is lengthy. "It's such a sad thing to see a blind person become dependent on a sighted person," Miners explained. "But it happens all the time. Mainly because the sighted person is overly protective, won't encourage the blind person to do things." "Yes, a lot of people don't seem to know there aren't any entrance requirements or anything like that here at the center," Mrs. Clegg added. "Anyone who is certified legally blind can join for just SI yearly." There's a great sense of accomplishment among the blind at the center who have learned to "see" with their white canes, take a bus to the shopping mall, play poker or go bowling. Life has a new sense of challenge for them, a sense of challenge to expand their worlds back to the size they used to be. Learning lo 'see' Fingertips f r e q u e n t l y become the eyes of blind people for many tasks. At the Tucson Association for the Blind, Bill Miners (right) reads braille (below right) and teaches the skill to fellow member John Porter (left and below left). Miners has been a volunteer teacher at the association's center, 3767 E. Grant Road, for almost six years. The teacher says his favorite application of the braille skill is to play cards. ,V," Citizen Pholos by Bill HopWns (Action, Please! Krtited by K O B E K T t . M c C O R M I C K QUESTION -- Can you help hundreds of us working as waitresses in the Tucson area? We are not covered by the minimum wage laws, but each lime the minimum wage is raised we must report enough tips to cover our employer for minimum wages. This is often more than we make in tips some days. If we don't get help soon, we'll be paying our employers to work for them. We'll be watching the Citizen for your answer. ANSWER -- It sounds like either you or your employer is misinformed on minimum wage requirements, and we suggest you check them with the U.S. Department of Labor at 301 W. Congress St. Department officials tell us that Tucson has many problems regarding minimum wages because of the abundance of jobs in the hotel and restaurant fields here. High em- ploye turnover and low profit margins often result in owners trying to cut corners on the wage laws. Restaurants doing less than $250,000 in business annually are exempt from the federal minimum wage, which is now $2.20 to $2.30 an hour in various categories. Arizona has no state minimum wage. In restaurants covered by federal law, the minimum wage rate is based on a combination of salary and tips, a labor official said. QUESTION -- My daughter is the manager of a franchise outlet. She is single, has A-l credit, and just bought a home. But now a mistake made by her bank has her in trouble with the home office of the franchise in Phoenix. She deposited her paycheck in the bank's night depository and received it back in the mail in five days with no explanation as to why it was returned. The bank said it must have been misplaced in the outgoing mail. However, my daughter had written a check and cashed it at work and it bounced because her paycheck hadn't been deposited. My daughter has worked for this company for eight years and would like a letter from the bank slating it wasn't her fault that the check bounced. ANSWER -- The letter has been written by the bank and your daughter is now back in the good graces of her employer, a bank executive told Action, Please! QUESTION -- Last August I ordered a copper tea kettle from a Minnesota company and sent a $10 check to pay for it. Six months and three angry letters later, I still don't have my kettle. Can you throw a Boston Tea Parly in the frozen north and t h a w out these characters? ANSWER -- Action, Please! put a little heat on the company and now has been informed that you have your order. So, as the old saying goes, "Molly, put the kettle on and we'll all have a spot of tea." Sound off! DEAR ACTION: Motorists, if you have nothing much to do, please don't do it on our main arteries of traffic. This causes traffic problems and is hazardous to others who are trying to get to their jobs the same day they leave the house. If you have a problem to be salved, write to Action, Please!, care of the Tucson Daily Citizen, Box 267S7, Tucson, 85726. PRINT your name, address, telephone number. Listening while the blind describe their tricks for getting through the day is almost like eavesdropping on magicians making shop talk of their legerdemain. Once the secrets are revealed, impossible tasks seem logical, "I have special marks on my furnace thermostat, washer, dryer, oven and stove," Miners said. "And all my food is kept in containers marked by braille. Like when I make four days worth of stew in (he crockpot, I freeze it in specially marked plastic bowls. The canned goods are all marked soon as 1 get them home. "Clothes are bought in sets of shirts and pants, washed together, then hung together on the same hanger always in the same spot in the closet. Keep my money straight by folding the dollar bills one way, the fives another, the 10s another and the 20s another. Never have anything bigger than that," Miners continued, warming to his subject. "Whenever I'm typing a letter, like to my daughter, and the phone rings, 1 just get up, answer the phone, sit back down, type in parentheses 'interrupted by telephone' and go on with my letter," Miners said. "I don't try to remember exactly where I was before the phone rang." Guest artist Tom Sullivan, who sang the national anthem during Up With People's appearance in the National Football League's Superbowl championship game last Jan. 18, will also perform in the Up With People benefit show here Feb. 22 at McKale Center. Sullivan is a singer-song writer and Harvard graduate who is presently pursuing an entertainment career despite being blind. Up With People performance benefits Association for Blind A fund raising benefit for the Tucson Association for the Blind will be given by Up With People on Feb. 22 in McKale Center at the University of Arizona. The 7:30 p.m. , performance by the cast of 150 young singers, dancers and musicians is being cosponsored by the Tucson Daily Citizen and t h e V a l l e y N a t i o n a l Bank. Up With People specializes in enthusiastic shows of optimism and faith in the future. The college age group has carried its message throughout the United States and to many foreign countries. Tickets for the Feb. 22 appearance are $4 for adults and $2 for students under age 18, on sale at all Valley National Bank offices in Tucson and Green Valley as well as ticket booths in Dia- m o n d ' s D e p a r t m e n t Store and McKale Center. Don 9 t knock motherhood, feminist implores women By R I C H A R D S . VONIER Citizen Staff Wriler A Massachusetts sociologist and feminist who says she is out of her "honeymoon stage" advanced here that women should take pride and power from an innate mission to bear and care for children. Alice Rossi told conference on women and work, in effect, that overseeing the reproduction and survival of the human species is far more important than the contributions from an individual job. "I consider the other-child relationship the most fundamental of all human relationships," she said. "When it is claimed that the 'only' difference between males and females is that females bear young and lactate, the use of that 'only' qualifier . . . misses the point that human reproduction is a central fact in human species survival. "When and if any significant portion of women devalue this central function of their sex, they are in my view showing the profound degree to which they have been brainwashed by masculine technocratic thinking." Mrs. Rossi, a University of Massachusetts sociology professor known for her research on human development and acclaimed for her essays in "The Feminist Papers," acknowledged that her views might not be popular with feminists. But she was soundly applauded at the University of Arizona conference last weekend e n t i t l e d , "Will Women's Liberation be Men's Liberation?" She said her call 12 years ago for trained substitute mothers and a network of child care centers was based on the needs of working women, not the children. Now, she said, her concern had broadened to the place of children in women's Jives, whether or not they are employed. "Biologically men have only one innate orientation -- a sexual one that draws them to women -- while women have two innate orientations, sexual toward men and reproductive toward their young," she argued. A lice Rossi Concern for parenting "The attachment of the human female to her young is something we share with all mammalian primates, while fathering is a socially learned role, often nonexistent among other animals." In a thoughful paper, Prof. Rossi outlined cross-cultural similarities of mothers' interactions from automatic physical secretions to unlearned, common behavior with infants. "The issue here is not whether women should work," she said, "but where and at what they work. The simple fact is that all women work and always have, sometimes as direct producers of goods and services on the land and in the home, sometimes for wages in the modem marketplace. "We have been .so bu.sy trying to knock down the walls of prejudice and discrimination against women in our professions t h a t we lose sight of a fundamental fact: "Women are involved everywhere in critical sectors of society, providing the ballast and whatever shred of rooted- ness human beings feel in space or time. "Our rootedness in space radiates outward from the homes we establish, where women are central to their maintenance, style and grace. Our rootedness in time is largely through our personal biography as members of one family and creators of another, and here women are central in creating and passing on that life from generation to generation." Mrs. Rossi, lamenting that she was finding herself on the conservative side of issues, also questioned what effect trends done under the banner of "sexual liberation" would h a v e on p a r e n t i n g . She warned that women may be unthinkingly following questionable "male patterns." While rejecting a "double standard," she said an expanded freedom in the pursuit of private sexual pleasure i n v o l v i n g many partners, casual relationships and extramarital affairs seemed to be adopting a male script as the standard. She said she did not see what women would gain from this standard. "My second concern, and area of greatest ambivalence, is what this stress on ego indulgence and satisfaction- means when applied to parenting," she continued. "Can you be a parent only when you want to be?" She asked if the future vision was one in which adults could turn parenthood on and o f f , exchange children as casually as sexual partners, all in the name of human liberation? Here again she sees a male pattern, "in which men turn their fathering on and off to suit themselves or their appointment books. "The great common thread tying nations of women together is their shared commitment and concern for their homes, their children and their kin," Mrs. Rossi concluded. "If American women succeed in getting out from under the mentality that devalues these historic unchanged concerns of women, we might realize better than we do the enormous political strength that lies in precisely the distribution of women in society thai already exists."
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