Four THE LEAVENWORTH TIMES, Monday Evening, September 8,195& Editorial... Those Campaign Promises 'Isn't It Getting Sorta Frazzled, Buster?"" For another five or six weeks the American people will be listening to and reading campaign promises. Just how good will they be? The campaign promise falls into one of three categories. 1. The one that is made in good faith with every intention and prospect of carrying it out. 2. The one that is made if the proper support and cooperation can be secured. 3. The kind that is made for the benefit of pressure groups while knowing full well there is no chance of fulfillment. It is true that false or doubtful promises have been made by members of all political parties but a couple of the more recent ones are well remembered. Franklin Roosevelt campaigned in 1932 on the promises to reduce taxes by at least 25 per cent, cut the cost of government and r«luce the national debt by balancing the budget. Everyone is well aware of what really happened after he was once elected. , In 1948 President Truman promised lower living costs and repeal of the Taft-Hartley Law. The cost of living has risen and there has been no concerted or organized effort on his part to get repeal of the labor law. There is one big hope in the present campaign. Neither Governor Stevenson nor General Eisenhower are rightful members of that group known as professional politicians. It is quite possible that their promise* are made in good faith. It is up to the voters to decide how much either is subject to pressure by political bosses and machines and how capable they are of running their own jobs. Kansas Snapshots From Here and There Don't censure a man for flirting with the waitress, says the Chanute, Tribune, he may be playing for big steaks. Has it ever occurred to the rest of you that there is something funny about these coal workers memorial "holidays" ordered by John L. Lewis? They always seem to happen just when there 5s so much coal above the ground the mine owners don't seem to know what to do with it. We'll let the Augusta Gazette take full responsibility for the story that she was only a second hand dealer's daughter and that's why she wouldn't allow much on the old divan. Collected From Other Typewriters Other Notes Floating Around Frank Hayostak, who met his true love thru a message in a bottle tossed into the sea, has returned to the U. S. A., but still hopeful the tides may turn up a romance. The Johnstown, Pa., welder says he fell in love with Breda O'SuIlivan, the colleen who picked up his bottle message. However, it developed that Colleen O'SuIlivan preferred Ireland and her cows to America and her pen pal of six years. Hayostak, however, remains undaunted, having dismissed the incident wtih the remark that Miss O'Sullivan's message was not the only bottle he had tossed into the seas. In fact, he threw an even dozen, he says, all containing the same note. Two have been picked up. Miss O'SuIlivan got Travel on the Ridges Two considerations kept the old Santa Fe trail on high ground, preferably the height of land between two watersheds. That way there were fewer streams to ford, and from the high ground anything that was coming —hostile Indians, for instance—could be spotted a long way off. For different reasons, the Santa Fe railroad uses again *lhe principle of the trail for which it is named. The flood of 1951 necessitated studies of a new route which promised the minimum interruption of service by Kansas rivers in flood. A "high Time, The Great Healer Eighty-six years ago John D. Brown of Hanover County, Virginia, willed to his descendants "the bitter hatred and everlasting malignity of my heart and soul against the Yankees, including all peoples north of Mason and Dixon's line," observes Pathfinder. Last week one of those descendants, Pfc. Bill Campbell, answered the roll call at Camp Rucker, Ala., with the What They Are Saying There is a limit to what the housewife can take and she has reached that limit.— Mrs. Ivy Priest, assistant to the National GOP chairman, commenting on high prices. I think if there were less publicity given him (Dr. Hewlett Johnson. "Red" Dean of Canterbury) people would lose interest —Rt. Rev. Horace Donegan Episcopal bishop of New York. It won't do any good to win against ag- the biggest play in the press. A man in The Netherlands got one and wrote for cigarets; no romance in that exchange. The world watched with bated breath as the gallant American met his aspirin bottle buddy for the first time. People everywhere were sure the romance would be culminated, or at least mat the press would say so. But surprisingly enough, the story had no happy ending at all. The principal characters left the stage pretty much as they were when they entered upon it, altho the colleen no doubt got a line on things American and the American had less funds than when he started on his junket. Perhaps he never even asked her to marry him.—Kansas City Kansan. grade" route, just completed, provides an alternative route across the valleys of the Neosho and the Cottonwood. The intent was to make it "flood proof." The route is a branch line in ordinary times, during which the more direct main line will be used. But if serious floods come again it will be available when traffic along the main line is stopped. There are still times in Kansas when travel that intends to get anywhere must stick to the ridges.—Lawrence Journal- World. 47th Infantry Division's 135th Regiment— the unit that broke Confederate General Pickett's charge at Gettysburg. Said Campbell: "I don't mind serving with the Yankees—they're pretty good fellows." Time is the great healer, of course, but a tremendous lot of it seems to be necessary to break down the Solid South and make it a bit more fluid—at least, politically speaking.—El Dorado Times. gression if we go broke.—Sen. Edward Martin (R., Pa.). One man and a party that have not had a part in errors and the bungling of the past 20 years can clean out the cobwebs and rottenness in Washington.—Sen. Irving Ives (R., N. Y.). The controlled epileptic is as good a soldier as anone else.—Col. Donald B. Peterson Army neuro r Psychiatric consultant. THE DAILY TIMES By D. B, Arthony Entered as second-class matter at the post office at Leaver-worth Kansai under the act of Congress, March 3.' 187.9 THE TIMES TEL-S THE TRUTH Times Circulation of The Evening Standard an<l Phe Chronicle-Tribune consolidated with The >es in 1903. Circulation of The Leavenworth Post abscnbpd in 1823. THE DAILY TIMES is delivered b«- earner to any part of Leavenworth or suburbs for 850 * month. The paper may be ordered by mail or telephone or through our authorized local agents William A. Dresser and jfloyd Brakey. BY MAIL ^ In Leavenworth and adjoining counties per year |S.OO Beyond Leavenworth and adjoining counties, per year |9.00 MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS. The Associated Press Is entitled exclusively to the use for republieation of all tho local news printed in this newspaper, as well u AP new« dispatches. National Advertising Representative*: Arthur H. Hagg and Associated Inc., New York office. 885 Madison Avenue, Chicago office, 36t North Michigan Avenue. THE NATIONAL WHIRLIGIG by Ray Tucker WASHINGTON,— "You newspapermen give me a pain!" explodes Mrs. C.M. of Tulsa, Okla. "Ever since General Eisenhower was nominated almost two months ago, you have been writing that he was a 'flop' as a candidate, that he has not 'lived up to expectations,' and that he is a 'disappointment' to his admirers. "How can you make such sweeping statements, when he has not really started to campaign?" Answer: On behalf of newspapermen generally, may I say that they do not make the news; they simply report it. The impression they reflect in their articles derives from their daily association with General Eisenhower, the reaction o£ his audiences, and talks with such advisers of the nominee as Duff, Dewey, Lodge, Carlson, not to mention Ike himself. Almost everybody who promoted Eisenhower for the nomination has registered disappointment at his alow start, at his generalized observations on the most elementary issues, and on his failure to assail the recognized blunders and weaknesses of the Truman Administration. Among those criticizing his campaign behaviour are most of the newspapers, columists and political leaders who helped him to win at the Chicago convention. When they are not apologizing and making excuses, they are asking their readers, in effect, "to give the boy a chance." Eisenhower's own explanation may be valid. As an officer and as commander of our forces i n Europe, he has always been a slow starter, reserving his victorious blows for the strategic moment. There are many who agree that it is advisable for him to get in his heaviest licks in the last few weeks of the battle than in September. Let me cite one reason for the publication of the newspaper articles and editorials against which Mrs. C.M. protests. When Senator Duff of Pennsylvania, a wise old politician and an Eisenhower fan from the start, appeared on a radio quiz ten days ago, the questions thrown at him by the panelists were, in effect: (1) Are you satisfied with the kind of campaign Eisenhower is making? (2) Don't you think he has lost support since his nomination? (3) When is he going to begin to fight? JTow, those questions were not orginal with Duff's interrogators, nor were they meant to be hostile. They were born of the fact that Ike has not fulfilled expectations that he would be a glamorous and aggressive campaigner. In general Senator Duff conceded the truth of this indictment, adding that he had been assured by Ike that "things would be different soon." Frankly, in view of the fact that General Eisenhower was invading a field for which he had no preparation or experience, I think that his friends expected too much of him. Politics is not a game that can be learned overnight. ''Will you please discuss the three guards who attended Margaret Truman on her European trip:" asks Mrs. C.T.H. of Houston, Tex. "Is it necessary for a member of the President's family to be so guarded, and who bears the expense?" Answer: There is considerable misunderstanding on this subject. The law says that the Secret Service is "authorized," at the request of the President, to protect him, his family, the President-elect and the Vice President-elect. There is no requirement that the S.S. accompany members of the White House family. The President must request it. It seems quite proper that a t least one guardian should accompany Margaret, although every country she visited provided extraordinary protection. But the assignment of three is questionable. It is estimated that the cost for each S.S. man on her trip was about $2,000, which is paid from the public treasury. "If a presidential or vice-presidential nominee should die before the election," inquires B.M.W. of Hollidaysburg, Pa., "who would take their place, and how would the vacancy be filled?" Answer: Almost the last act of each nominating convention is to empower the national committee, in event of the death of either candidate to name a substitute. To my recollecion, it has never happened. "What was the national debt and how many were unemplos'ed when Franklin D. Roosevelt became President in 1933?" asks H.H.M. of Long Beach, Calif. "At the outbreak of the war in 1939, and now?" Answer: In 1933 the public debt was §22,538,673,164, and the unemployed numbered about 11,000, 000. The comparative figures for 1939 were ?40,431,532,411 and 6,000,000. Those for 1952 are approximately §266,000,000,000, and 2,000,000, which is the normal total of the out-of-work population. ACCORDING TO HAL BOYLE NEW YORK (ffi—In life there are some people like a bright star in a summer night. You don't have to meet them or know them. Merely to know you share the same world makes you feel better. Gertrude Lawrence was one of this shining company. Her magnificent gift of gaiety lifted the hearts of millions who learned to laugh at their troubles with "Gertie." Her steady rise from chorus girl to a reigning queen of the stage puzzled many a member of her own profession. "She isn't a great dancer, she isn't even a very good singer," they said, "and certainly she is no great shakes as an actress." Miss Lawrence cheerfully admitted most of her critics were quite right She was secure in the knowledge of what she really was —one of the great all-around performers in the history of the theater. Others had higher talents. Few in her own time, however, equalled her sheer genius in putting over a song or a role. Her art was the power of creating illusion, and sharing it with the people who came to see her. Personality is magnetism, and that she had. When she stepped on a stage it seemed brighter. Even before the first notes poured from that husky throat, the warmth of her spread through an audience like an invisible wave of heat from a hidden fire. Women envied her for this quality of ignition—men loved her for it. She was a hard worker all the way, and never was content to lean on her oars and believe her press notices. She always was ready to help young actors and actresses learn their craft, and she remained a perennial student herself. "An actress is like a piece of blotting paper," she said once. "You don't consciously learn the technique of acting, you absorb it." Gertie, like all champions, was a tremendous competitor. Broad- wayites still recall that famous opening night of "Lady in the Dark" in 1941. Danny Kaye, then a comparative unknown, stopped the show with his Tschaikowsky number, in which he rattled off the tongue-twisting names of 50 Russian composers. What would Gertie do? The critics wondered. And waiting in the wings for the applause to end, Gertie must have wondered, too. It is all-but-impossible to knock over a tough Broadway first-night audience with two songs in a row. Out glided Gertie. She twitched her hips, and began to sing a slow torch song called "Jenny." She never sang one better, and the house came down even harder and stopped the show again. Gertie was still the champ. She remained a champion until the end. Despite her illness she stubbornly stuck to her star role in "The King and I" until three weeks before her death. One who saw her recently said: "At the start of the show I felt embarrassed—her voice had gone down so far. But at the end I wanted to stand up and cheer her —so I did." The final footlights have blinked out for Gertie, one of the blithest spirits in a sorry time. All who ever saw her mourn her now. But all their memories of her are happy ones, and I think Gertie would be glad to have that as her epitaph. Barbs BY HAL COCHRAX The season for sport shirts with low, soft collars is with us Come winter, and back into the trenches we'll go. A mid-west bride asked for a divorce because her husband threw his dinner at her. Did she catch the can? Don't believe all the fish stories you hear this summer until you see our lakes and rivers drop about six feet.. The right people to yell foul at some of the prize fights should be the cash customers. A style expert is a person who gets women to pay more for less clothes. Dr. George W. Crane's WORRY CLINIC Have you ever seen an article like this one today in any other medium than your newspaper? Maybe 10 years hence the magazines will be intimating the progressiveness of your editor. Your newspaper is the leading disseminator of scientific facts for happier living. Case E-357: Nora B., 58, is a Wisconsin grandmother. After my address at Manitowoc recently, she asked me for one of the sex bulletins often mentioned herein. "Dr. Crane, I have some very dear friends who are about 32 years of age," she said. "They have been married for 10 years but have no children. "Both the husband and wife are very desirous of having a family. She has gone to her physician, who has told her that nothing is organically wrong. "One of my neighbors told nie of your bulletin entitled 'Facts About Pregnancy.' "She has become pregnant from following the advice contained therein, though she had been sterile for 18 years of marriage. "So I wonder if I could get a copy of that bulletin for this young couple I have in mind? "I don't want them to know I sent it, so I'll just give you their address." On hundreds of occasions I have noticed this same type of request. One individual will ask me to send a bulletin to some friend or relative, though the sender doesn't want to be-revealed. Sometimes a wife will ask me to mail a bulletin to her husband or vice versa. Parents or grandparents will do the same regarding their children or grandchildren in college or in the army. Since conception is a wonderful process but has not been well understood until recent years, I shall devote today's discussion to it. Some primitive tribes apparently never did understand that sex- ual relations were the precursor of pregnancy. In most animals .below man, th« conception takes place at the time of the oestrual'or "heat" period, which roughly corresponds to human menstruation. But in man and the apes, the most" likely day for fertilization to occur seems not to be at tha menstrual periods, but about midway between them. In this scientific column I hav» preiously mentioned Dr. J. H. Elder's experiments with chimpanzees. They conceived about 15 day« before the onset of the next menstrual flow, despite a menstrual cycle of 35 to 45 days. With monkeys and human females, the day of ovulation is now • deemed to be probably the 14th or loth before the next menstrual onset. Both human and monkey cy* cles average about 28 days. The ovum (egg) is thought to lose its capacity to be fertilized after 36 to 48 hours, while many investigators think 24 hours is th« outside limit. Similarly, the spermatozoa ar» thought to be potent for only 24 to 36 hours, with some scientists arguing that 12 hours is the .maximum period during which they can fertilize an ovum. Dr. Elder, for example, found no evidence of motile sperms after three hours when he performed routine vaginal smears, .and rarely did he see any sign of motaity after 60 minutes. The vaginal secretions in women are often much more acid than normally, which may account for many cases of sterility. An alkaline douche before marital relations can often offset thi» hazard to conception. Sometimes a woman's tubes ara 'closed. Sometimes, too, the male sperm is incapable of fertilizing the ovum, or may be absent altogether. For further "Facts About Pregnancy," send for the bulletin of this title, enclosing a dime and stamped return envelope. (Always write to Dr. Crane tn care of The Hopkins Syndicate. Box 3210. Mellott. Ind. Enclose • iong. three cents stamped, self-addressed envelope and a dune to cover typing and printing cost« when you send for one of hia psychological charts.) (Copyright by the Hopkins Syndicate. Inc.) REMINISCENCE 10 YEARS AGO Ted Schroeder, Jr., a big awkward looking youngster from Glendale, Calif., with a "plowboy" walk something like Bob Feller's is the country's first tennis champion of the present war era. The Fidelity Finance Company announced the purchase of the insurance agency from the Leavenworth Trust State Bank with the agency to remain under management of George F. Bernhardt. Contract between $100,000 and 5500,000 for extension of runways at Sherman Field, Fort Leavenworth, were let to a a St. Joseph, Mo. firm by the War Department. 25 YEARS AGO The recently completed concrete stadium at Abeles Athletic Field will be formally dedicated immediately preceding the first football game of the season, Friday, Sept. 23. A movement to have installed four way stop signals at the principal intersections surrounding Erskine Johnson's public and parochial schools as • means of protecting the children from .being struck by motor cars, was inaugurated today and is securing hearty endorsement from business men in the city. "Monster crowd in Black Hill» says farewell to President and Mrs. Calvin Coolidge as they prepare to leave after vacation" stated th« headlines on Sept. 9. 40 YEARS AGO President Taft today ordered two- full regiments of cavalry "to the border line of Mexico after Maj. Gen. Leonard Wood chief of staff of the army, had talked long distance with him. An announcement from Topeka says farm work is going undone in Western Kansas for lack at horses by the plague. In a special to the Times from Chicago: "This campaign is not to be of the milk and water var^ iety. Roosevelt cannot possibly win. At the same time every vot« cast for Roosevelt is a vote which helps Wilson to win." HOLLYWOOD By Joan Fontaine for Erskine Johnson who is on vacation. HOLLYWOOD —(NEA)— Let's nip it in the bud before the "King and I" story gets around in Hollywood. It happened in the dining room of the Palace Hotel in Madrid a few days after I had arrived in Spain to make "Decameron Nights,'' with Louis Jourdan, Binnie Barnes, Godfrey Tearle and Joan Collins, for Mike Frankovich. My daughter, Martita, ke^pt turning her head to look at an elderly gentleman a few tables away. He winked at Martita — once, twice, three times. She blushed and hid her face in her napkin. Finally the distinguished-looking man left, without so much as a wolfish leer my way, and I was told by a waiter that he was ex- King Umberto of Italy. This, then, is little Martita's "romance",,JMOT MINE. As for me, let me paraphrase Stevenson: The world is so full of a number of things, And I'm doing fine without princes or kings. On my last trip to Europe, I was linked with every title but Baron Leone and Duke Ellington. When next time I listen to an orchestra play "In a Little Spanish Town," I shall think of a rag- gle-taggle company of Americans and Britishers filming three of Boccacio's stories in a country where a movie star of Hollywood origin is regarded with the aw« that Americans would reserve for a Martian who has just stepped out of a space ship. And of the two days I spent ia a monastery at Guadalupe where the ancient building was used in A sequence. Fontaine in a monastery. That's a switch! And of our crazy caravan moving across the lazy land from location to location — a string of limousines, buses and trucks carrying the actors, crew member* and equipment. And of. Faith Domergue, who came along to be with her husband, director Hugo Fregonese, and volunteered to serve as an interpreter. Faith had great dificulty understanding the accent of a British electrician. Once he asked her to convey his request for what sounded to her like 250 ox. In frantic Spanish, Faith called for 250 animals and sent the Spanish company members into a jabbering, incredulous chorus of protest. Faith stuck to her point. She even made gestures to indicate that these creatures had long horns. Finally, she went back to the Englishman for further instructions. This time she understood that he wanted 250 arcs. As in arc lamps. And the night the manager of a theater in Sitges, a little coastal town about 30 miles south of Barcelona, ran a Spanish - dubbed print of "Jane Eyre'' for me.
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