Whites Leaving Cities, Negro Migration Slows By JOHN HERBERS N.Y. Tunes Service \ V A S H I N G T O N -Whites have sharply accelerated their movement from the central cities in the past year while Negroes have even more dramatically slowed migration into them. At the same time, the inner-city ghettos have spread in area and slums have begun to emerge in the suburbs. This " s i g n i f i c a n t change" in the pattern of urban growth was a major new finding of a special study of the country's social behavior since the National Advisory Commission on Civil Disorders reported last March 1 that the nation was moving toward "two societies, one black, one white -- separate and unequal." A 90-page report on the nation's responsa to the crisis was released Thursday by the two private groups which jointly sponsored it -- Urban America, Inc., and the Urban Coalition. * * * Â» TWO MEMBERS of the commission -- Mayor John V. Lindsay and Sen. Fred Harris, D-Okla. -and its staff director, David Ginsburg, a Washington lawyer, served on an advisory board for the study. The authors of the report concluded, as reported earlier, by the New York Times, that although some progress liad been made toward eliminating discrimination and poverty, the polarization found by the commission has increased in the past year and no "serious start" has been made toward the changes in national priori- lies that the panel recommended. Other findings of ilia study included ths following: --Although a number of c-ities have adopted some of the commission's recommendations, no major city has established an external police review board, which the commission said was needed to improve . c o m m u n i t y relations. "Thera were worrisome indications in the past year that the police were moving further toward an 'our side-their side' mentality," the report said. --Disorders on college campuses have taken on an increasingly racial character and are spilling over into high schools in both large and small cities and in some rural areas throughout the country. --Despite the rise in employment and income, welfare costs have continued to soar -- from $6.9 billion in 1967 to $8.8 billion in 1968 -- at least partly because the proportion of Negro families in central cities headed by females continued to rise, to 35 per cent last year. Of Negro families in the cities with incomes of $2,000 or less, more than half have no father in the home. The report said relations between ths police and slum d w e l l e r s had "changed for the worse, if at all," and that "communications between city hall and the slums increased, but did not necessarily improve." "We felt that they were broad conclusions that we did not have evidence to support," Donald Canty of the staff explained. John W. Gardner, former Secretary of Health, Education and Welfare and chairman of the Urban Coalition, said Thursday that the report "makes it clear that the nation's response to the crisis of the cities has been perilously inadequate." Â« t * * WHEN THE commission'* report was written a year ago, there had been for years a migration of Negroes from the South into the central cities of the North and West At the same time, there was a shorter range migration of whites from the central cities to the suburbs. Dr. Herman Miller, chief of the population division of the Bureau of the Census, said that "one of the things that has happened sines the riots is that the rate at which whites are leaving the city has accelerated sharply." Before 1966 they moved at an average rate of 140,000 a year. Between 1968 and 1968 the rate climbed to nearly a half-million a year. "The rate at which Negroes are moving into central cities decreased even more 'dramatically," he said. "From 1960 to 1966, Negro population in central cities grew an average of 370,000 per year. In the past two years, however, growth has dropped to only about 100,000 per year and can be attributed largely to natural increase." * * * * APPARENTLY both Negroes and whites are avoiding the inner cities because of crime and riots. Preliminary s u r v e y s show a rather sharp increase hi Negroes moving to the suburbs, but Miller said that even so "we're probably not getting much integration." This could be a factor in the emergence of suburban slums. "The suburban slum-ghetto is becoming a visible, although unmeasured phenomenon in many large metropolitan areas, particularly those around older cities," according to the report. Major efforts had been made toward recruiting Negro police in some cities. But even in the larger cities the number of Negro policemen was less than a third of the percentage of Negro residents. in the schools tho most notable change in the past year had been the extension of conflicts and the black protest movement from the college campuses to the high schools. The Federal Community Relations Service, originally set up in 1964 to mediate racial disputes in the South, has sent agents to schools in 19 cities in recent months. WHAT EVERY WOMAN SHOULD KNOW ABOUT MEN (AMJ . PRESS-TELESRAM Ann Landers tells it like it is to husbands and wives--and gives tips to help men and women in the battle of the sexes. Read Men vs. Women--and Vice Versa- one of 41 articles and features in the March Digest. Pick up your copy today. READER'S DIGEST CARPET TILE Delux* grade with Â«pongÂ» rubber tc;ting. Easy to in* stall.. In Garden Shop m 9"*9" In Beautiful Colors ea. On Prices , Request. DOOLEY'S Hardware Mart 5075 LONG BEACH BLVD -NORTH LONG BEACH Mon., Fri. 9-9;TuÂ«., Wed.,Thurs., Sat. 9-6; Sun..l0-5 GEORGE ROBESON TURNS ON DAILY. . Â· except for a brief 3-week paid annual vacation actually arranged as a vacation for our Managing Editor whose job it is to try and keep track of George daily. You never know where this IP-T columnist will go for the sake of a story. Neither do we. and GEORGE turn you on! TWA introduces daily non-stop service Los Angeles toLondon! Monday 4PM Tuesday 4PM Wednesday 4PM Thursday 4PM Friday 4PM Saturday 4PM Sunday 4PM Monday 4PM Etc. Starting April 27, we'll offer daily non-stop service from Los Angeles to London. Just remember we take off at tea-time every day, and arrive in London at 10:30 A M, a convenient time for obtaining porters, ground transportation and checking in at your hotel. And by the time summer travel reaches its peak, we'll be offering Los Angeles a total of 35 direct flights to Europe a week. That's more than twice as many as any other airline serving Los Angeles. And we fly direct to more cities in Europe than any other airline. No change of planes on the way. What else? Great food and drink, color movies, eight channels of stereo musicf everything you wish to make your trip a warm, relaxing one. Next trip to London, or Europe, see your travel agent or call TWA. Forget about the money; with TWA's Worldwide Jet Credit Card, you can charge it, take up to 24 months to pay. TWA The things we'll do to make you happy Â·Entertainment optional at nominal cost. Moviet by Inflight Motion Pictures, 1 nc.
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