Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas on April 24, 1976 · Page 4
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Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas · Page 4

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Saturday, April 24, 1976
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titimsat EimtS Terror Grips CambocKa North ' ' Editorial-Opinion Pag* Tkt. Public Merest H Tfce First Concert Of This Newspaper Alden H. Spencer, Publisher and General. Manager Floyd Carl Jr., Manaffiog Editor 4 · SATURDAY, APRIl 44, 1974 Trouble In France Labor disputes and government interference have aggravated the long-standing financial crisis of the French press. The situation is so serious as to cast doubt on the future diversity of France's dwindling daily ration of printed news and opinion. Printers at Parisien Libere, the nations second-largest daily, went on strike in May of 1975 to protest economy measures that included culs in jobs and circulation. Moreover, the powerful Syndical du Livre has called seven unannounced strikes at all Parisian papers in recent months. But the management of Parisien Libere refuses to negotiate with the syndicate and continues, to publish without interruption from plants beyond the union's reach. To make matters worse, the government has proposed a value-added tax for news. papers on top of the steep postal-rate increases imposed in 1974. The tax measure is criticized on the ground that it will cause more weak papers to fold and thus lead to . g r e a t e r press concentration. . . For French newspapers, the postwar era has been one of steady and alarming decline. ' There are only 93 papers in the country today, as against 205 .in 1946. Little wonder, . then, that the number of newspaper readers - declined over that period despite a 29 per cent increase in the national population. French newspapers, like those in other countries, find it difficult to compete with television. Many advertisers have switched to the electronic media or lo giveaway shopping guides. Circulation revenue is insufficient to make up for the loss of ads. The newsstand price of Le Monde has risen by 1 BO per cent in the past six years but still .covers only one-third of publishing costs. State Of Affairs Three-fourths of all national newspaper advertising revenue flows into the coffers of four dailies -- France-Soir, Le Figaro, Parisien Libere, and Le Monde -- the first three of which are the flagship papers of France's three most powerful press chains. Le Monde is an independent publication. According to Jacques Sauvageol,. Le . Monde's administrative director, "the interests at: stake are only peripherally economic." The'central issue, he says, is that lie public needs to show concern aboiit the - influence of t h e ' newspapers' financial crisis on "the quality and quantity of information, on the possibilities of access to multiple sources of knowledge. -- in short, on the pluralism of French life." The government has a great, deal of influence on the'fortunes of France's newspapers. For one thing, it provides the industry with about $260 million a year in direct and indirect assistance. French law also imposes certain restraints on the editorial and business activities of the press. An expensive, complicated system of newspaper distribution is required, while restrictions on monopoly control of the press go unen- forced. The government reportedly influenced the recent sale of Le Figaro to the Hersant chain, and it has lent a helping h a n d . t o Parisien Libere's management by refusing - to intervene in that paper's. labor dispute. In sum, France still enjoys a free press, but one .that cannot be described as independent. As long as French papers depend on government subsidies for their survival, tliey are not likely to bile the hand that feeds them. Kissinger Gets A Fresh Chance. By J A C K ANDERSON wllh Lcs Whillcn WASHINGTON -- The worlri"» two most brutal dictatorships, ' Recording lo the evidence in intelligence files arc Cambodia and North Korea. . Cambodia's Communist firebrands have, turned their cp'.ni- Irv into a nation of cattle. Cities have been emptied ami Ihe population has been herded into Hie h i n t e r l a n d . ' w i t h no thought (or [heir welfare. Hundreds of thousands have fallen by the wayside. . ' In North Korea. UIB populace · has .been terrorized by the government for two genera- lions. Hundreds of thousands have been imprisoned or banished to remote mountainous areas for no other reason_Lhart thai some anonymous bn'rean- crat decided they were "unreliable." At least half of the population is kept under. · varying surveillance. These are human sagas, epic events. Yet the world press has paid scant attention, devoting its energies instead to exposing corruption across the Cambodian border in Thailand and excoriating President Clr.ing Hee Park on (lie other s i d e ' o f ' . the 38th parallel in South Korea. IN BOTH Communist dictatorships, the rulers have pulled down the blinds, and · they carefully control the light that leaks through. Yet the. . harsh facts are available from eye witnesses -- not political opponents whose reports might 1 be suspect but refugees who have escaped from the horrors.. Their stories have been checked and verified by intelligence analysts a hundred times over. The Khmer Rouge regime, after seizing power in Cam- The Washington Merry-Go-Round By CLAYTON FRITCHEY .WASHINGTON.-- It's not too late for the Umted States to recoup ; its _ Josses in ..Africa (especially Angola), n o r . i s it too fanciful to think lhat Russia can'still be outmaneuvered on that huae, but largely undeve- ioped continent. Both these 'possibilities are within reach' if,' as there i* some reason to believe, Secretary, of Stele Henry Kissinger's African trip is meant to be more than a ceremonial four d'horlzon. Dr. Kissinger, at his best, has more than once outflanked the^ Russians. : Only several years ago, the 1 Soviets were as firmly entrenched in Egypt as the United States was (irmly excluded. Today, however, President Anwar Sadat, .with Kissinger at his side, is playing ball to the hilt with Washington, after having kicked the Russians bodily out of his country. - I F ' l T CAN happen in. Egypt, it'can also happen -- even more readily -- ' i n Angola; which is why our European allies. In contrast to the United States, have promptly recognized the MPLA liberation force as the official government ol Attgola ·and have started o f f e r i n g eco- nomic aid. Their objective, of course, is lo free the MPLA as fast as · possible from total reliance on the Soviets. Experience has convinced them l h a t . n e w African governments invariably turn out to be nationalistic and eager to run their own shows independent of Moscow. ;It's nol going lo be easy for Dr. Kissinger and President Ford to come around to Ihis How Time Flies · ,6 YEARS AGO The City of Fayelteville will continue to operate its own ; svninm'ing pool this summer. ^--TKe^Hogsrs Zoning Board of Variances denied a petition by - Donrey Outdoor Advertising. Media for variations on outdoor billboards Monday.' Gene Fry. a Fayetteville High School student, an Ted B. Frizzell, an FHS science in- structor. were among 75 outstanding science students and teachers in (he U.S. selected for an expense-paid, two-day lour of the Bell Telephone Laboratories at Murray Hi!l, N.J. 50 YEARS AGO Art operatte "On 9 May Morning Early" will be given DOONESBURY .at ,a Levcrett School benefit Saturday afternoon.. . A -dozen or more Arkansas cities will hold merchants 1 short courses under auspices oE tte UUniversity - of Arkansas. , On Saturday, the University of Arkansas' department of home economics entertained the home economics teachers of this district. 100 YEARS AGO New books, fresh con- tectionaries and f i n e cigars arrived at the bookstore Ibis week. .Col Cravens and .Tudge Summers were around here last Wednesday t a k i n g up a collection lor a sick and destitute family living a short distance frcml the Square on Block Street. gjfesf (notu oo i Feetf! §Vy lueu.,, ' '" .]! ' UflKRSTAHP HlHt'IVe {UTf£AlEtSO SHAWM!) · fi DUNHO.. lie's SHOVUHA'/£ /I mi. lf'Wf WlfHOH. HA?J ut:e.,) ' '(VTAI.I- lUMiireo KA^HWKIP COM/116 MA1K KMii.iMS msniu- wexr- THAT SO Cil. ret.60., WKOHGT!) I ' \ bodia, drove Ihe people out ot : the cities, cu masse. They were routed out of their homes. turned out of hospitals, prodded out of sick beds. The mass exodus devcloicd into a .death march, williout parallel in modern times. Countless. Cambodians were herded . like h u m a n cattle to unknown destinations, clutching a few bundled belongings. carrying llieir ' invalids un stretchers, a few hobbling oil : crutches. The scenes riescribea by the escapees were horrendous. , The exodus routes .were littered · with the corpses of Ihe old, Ihe sick and the weak who couldn't keep up. The Khmer guerrillas who policed these h u m a n highways provided almost no food, water or mcdi- s THE CROWNING cruelty, the men and women were deliberately separated to break up · families. --Subscucnlly. the Khmer Kougc ordered the people to take new names to make it mora difficult tor loved oiies lo find one another. The s'urvivars were r distributed throughout the countryside in groups, with instructions lo build luits and plant rice. Until the lirsl harvest came in. the displaced city people subsisted on frogs, insects and wild roots. Why did · the Khmer Rouge unroot the populace? The story has been -put out that the new Filers are agrarian fundamentalists. who wauled to get the people .back- to the son and make Cambodia self-sufficient. But intelligence analysts have concluded, based upon the jig- saw pieces they have been abli lo put together.- that the real reason lor scattering the people was lo keep them under control. A the time of the takeover, the Khmer llougc had only an estimated '10,000 Iroops lo con- ·· Irol a population ot over seven million The cities were populated with the more sophisticated people, suujeci to foreign .influence. The Mmer leaders, therefore, feared me cities .would become centers o[ -lUjiiiiiUCG. THIS WAS A1.SO the reason that families were broken up. leaving individuals wilh no lies that could be used to organize opposition. The Kilmers were suspicious ot anyone with an- ed-jcalion, anyone who might be susceptible lo alien ideas. -In some areas, anyone who could read and write was killed. All schools have also been closed down, presumably until the Khmer Rouge can tram enough trusted teachers lo" re- · educate Ihe nalion. The only education now permitted is political indoctrination, a . fanatic form of foreign-haling, chauvinistic Marxism. The.harsh dogmatic men who now rule Cambodia understand, above all, that Hie best w a y to control the masses is, first lo cow them and. then, to indoctrinate them. The Khmers moved swiftly, therefore, lo .stamp' out the slightest resistance, real or .imagined. The former Cambodian army was quickly disbanded and it s officers "largely eliminated. Some soldiers were roped toge- · ther and clubbed to death. The " few who escaped to tell about by Garry Trudeau view (publicly at least) alter having warned that'the outcome in Angola was a disasler for . - that country end a tbreat to the whole continent. At the United Nations, it will be recalled, the then-American ambassador, Daniel P. Moyni- h a n , went so far as lo see Moscow "recolonizing" Ihe con- tineul. IN T H E ' L I G H T of subsequent developments; all this alarm now seems excessive. Nevertheless, Dr. Kissinger htts made no move to recognize the MPLA as have virtually all the nations of black Africa nor to join our allies in providing the n e w Angolan government with an alternative lo exclusive Russian support. It can only be hoped that Dr. · Kissinger's present African trip will pave the way for a more : enlightened and more realistic stand, for there are going to be fresh opportunities for the United States on that continent once Washington clearly abandons its old, discredited policy · of indifference and. ne-glect. Former Ambassador .\Ioyni- han recently said lo Richard Kershaw, The New Statesman writer, "I know your view . . . that the Soviets have never been successful in establishing regimes in Third World countries, and so tar they haven't. But -- they never had the Gurk, has alongside. The Cubans are the Burknas of this new empire ' M O Y N I H A N would have us believe that where Soviet. Russia, with an army of more than million soldiers of its own, failed before, it will now succeed because it has the aid of 10.000 Cubans. Another American cjhilom'af. Stale Department counselor Helmut Sonnenfeldt. was much closer to t h e mark when, in a candid moment, he privately remarked, "The Russians arc lousy imperialists." As indeed they are. Wherever they go. they soon wear out their welcome, and this has been particularly true of A f r i c a , both above and below the Sahara. Africa, in fact, has consistently resisted becoming a sphere of influence for cither Communist Russia or Communist China. The Communist superpowers have lost, ground Irom Egypt to Algcrivi, Irom Ghana lo Guinea, from Zaire lo Mali, from Tanzania lo Mozambique. T H E R E IS NO longer any secret about our [allure in A f r i c a . It was no accident. Disclosure of secret Kissinger- Nixon memorandum, dated .Ian. 2, 1970. shows that the Administration deliberately adopted a policy of straddling and double- dealing on the black-svhite issue and on lh« Angola liberation movement. The New York Times quotes one 1 U.S. official as saying of Nixon and Kissinger, "They believe the blacks could he ignored wilhout any trouble." Sen. Dick Clark (D-Iowa), an authority on African affairs, says,.'.'.The Afrioms turned lo Moscow and Havana for help in moving lowa'rd majority rule only after we turned Ihcm down," Like many others, the scnalor believes the way to deal with Ihe Soviel t h r e a t iu : A f r i c a is to remove Ihe biuscs and tx- cuses for the presence of the Russians a n d Cubans. Jt surely is worth a try (C) Los Angeles Times Vaugkan At Large The Livable City Really Isn't Much By BII.1, VAUGHAN I have bwn pondering a national magazine issue which h a i l s Portland, Seattle and Vancouver as "livable" cities, while K a n s a s City uses as its slogan, "One of the last livable cities left" or something like that. Th«se are all swell towns and undoubtedly livable. But is this what we have c o m e In after 200 years of struggling ad astra per aspera, as somebody in Kansas once remarked? f mean livable is nice, b u t it's not exactly enthusiastic. It's like, in Ihis I3i(v?ntennial year, when superlatives are called (or. saying Ibat George Washington wasn't a had Joe. "It's livable" is not something to shout from the housetops or even chisel in marble. "It's livable" is lily; "It's a living." In both cases you say it with a shrug of the shoulders. I'M, TBM. you wnnl it's like. It's like pecking into a per- a m b u l a t o r : anrt saying. "It's a baby," or telling, a woman who is proud of her new sable coat, "It's wearable." Let us recall our old frienrl Keats. When lirsl looking into Chapman's Ilonv?r he did not say, "It's legible." He wrolc a sonnet about it. comparing the experience lo that of stout Cortcz (he hail the wrong guy. we know) when he f i r s t stared with caglfi eyes upon the Paci-. fie. ' , · He doesn't have Corfcz saving, "It's snilahle." I am t h i n k i n g of an entrepreneur who carefully plans a new restaurant; lift finds a skyscraper to put it on top of, lay* on lots of rlecor/Tiffany lamps shnets and En; " h u n t i n g prints and old show and fishnets and English ', prints and old showbills and a few hand-hewn plaslic Polynesian statues. The menu measures one yard by two. and there are no prices listed. You get the picture. I trust. Everything very first class and uptown. T U R N HB NKEDS a calchy slogan for the placfi, and what he comes up with, across the lop of the menu and in his adverlising is: "The home of Kdihfe Food." Let's a d m i t that we have been in fancy eating places where Ihe fowl was not edible, but is the mere fact Iliat all Ificse costly viands can be consumed, something lo build a reputation around? Perhaps, but it seems a little Hat; I could be wrong. Pon'l laugh. It's happened, as many a faithless wader has let me know, but I sense a dull lack of spirit in all these phrases. Suppose a friend invites yon over to see his new home. He and his wife want to show you what wonders they have worked with the wallpaper and the , and the hanging ferns and the now carpeting. They want lo tell you lhal you won'l believe the hargain price at which they stole the place. ' You look nround a n d ' give your opinion, "it's livable." Yon are paying a compliment. Any dictionary will back yon up. But somehow, al least. to my ear, it doesn't come across t h a t way. It's nice for a house lo be livable. In f a c t Ihal's kind of the minimum remiironv?nl. A P10 P R N is livable, so ii a chicken coop anrl, if necessary, the back seat of a ID26 Etupmobile. A person who . has $50,000 lied up in brick and mortgage wants more from you than livable. He wants great or wow. Livable he can fifil from his mother. Suppose. Mom. your daughter comes home alter the senior prom. She has stars in her eyes. She has met this hoy. How can she phrase it? How -can she make it clear just how wonderful lie is? If she is in the modern mold she'll say, "He's bearable." I,ifc .in a livable home wilh a bearable family and spme- Ihing edible on Ihe lable is cert a i n l y better than nothing, hill somehow it doesn't stir the blood. There will be Ihose who will say that ,Iohn Lindsay-should have called New York the Livable City instead of Fun City. · It would h a v e been equally wrong, but he wouldn't have ended up looking quite so silly. 1UJT l.-ADMinK h i m f o r passing up livable in favor of ..- f u n . If you're going to be wrong, at least be wrong wilh a ffair. It deems life lo set its high-, est goal at being livable. It is meant In he winfi, nol soda pop, and what expert would roll a great vintage around on "h i s palate, savor the'bouquet and fin.illy pronounce, as Ihe ulti- . m a l e compliment, "It's drinkable"? ; Livable seems lo me lo h* where cities should begin, not the goal toward which Ihey -aspire, · (C) UnHri «Fafnre Synd. Inc. Inc. . . . · '··· it showed rope Sums an .tKr arms. ; · · ' · ; · · ' . : , '· OTHERS WERE comled.in' work camps, where they wer«. worked mercilessly lor ,lont- hours and subjected lo nddi-: lional hours of hysterical indoc-,- triiialion. Discipline in thes* camps is exlremely harsh, with; beatings and killings for, · th«- slighiest misdeeds. ·"."·, · The slory Is largely the 5*VnV in Norlh Korea, with less killing hut mure coercion: Tiicra wori widespread executions m , lh« 1040s, but oppression has ;no« become more systematized. .,...', - r or example, the populScif has been classified into 51 cat*-, gorics to d e f i n e the degree', of. reliability of each .individual? An astonishing 40 pe'r/wnl of the people belong to the un-'; trustworthy categories. ' · - . . ' . A Slate Political Security; rjepadmenl was formed in 197S and a more elite State Inspection O f f i c e ' . w a s established- in 1975 lo step up the campaign, a g a i n s t ."dangerous" uniJ "reliable" elements. Tho*l who are singled .mil are often impriv · - soned or isolated, at the whim of the authorities. . . , It is time the world r««ujK nized and condemned the UsrrK ble tyranny practiced in Cam-, bodia and North Korea. ..(C) United Feature Syndic*!*, Inc. ' ·-.-' Sisters Speak Out On Issues r By ALFRED ARAU.IO ;-J : . NAIROBI, Kenya CAP) --"'M it has been a common v complaint in'lire past that Ihe.^Ro; man Catholic Church h a s . b e e n slow to involve itself in African politics and aspirations, lew could find fault with the Maryknoll Sisters on this score. .; For this small Catholic mis, sionary community -- there ari 77 Maryknoll sisters working " i n East Africa -- has become, well known in the past few month.! [or its outspoken views on; issues ranging from the civil war in Angola to United States gov; eminent appointments rclattd ' lo Africa. ' · .4" But then the Maryknoll Sis : ters are basically · nonconformists; unlike other Catholic nuns, they do not wear the while or grey habit, do'not cover Iheir heads arid do not live'in seclu- ' Trie Maryknoll Sisters of St. Dominic were founded in. 1513 in America by a woman called · Mary Josephine Roger, who later became Mother Mary :Jo- scph. Today there are · mbr« than 1.000 Maryknoll sisters working in Latin America, ' A f - rica and Asia' --· and in th« United Slates as' well. They are engaged primarily in religious education and service i n . the medical, social and educational fields. The Maryknoll Sisters first came to Tanzania in 1948. They moved into Kenya bl 1969 and the Sudan only Ihis year. While working wilh (he local comniti; nities, they see their evangelical role in the light of the. values and culture in which'they live. In . Tanzania the sisters helped to start the -first' two senior secondary schools ^ fpr girls. They also founded an.Or- der of Tanzania^ sisters. Their main priority in Tanzania.,; a.t the present is developing Christian communities, and helping to implement the' governments socialjst policy of "Ujarhaa 1 ^ (villagization). There are six sisters living/and working }'ii(h people in "Ujamaa" villages; -· In Kenya, the', sisters are" engaged in projects' in lhree ri "dif- lercnl towns. They are run'ruh'g a health clinic, working in administrative jobs with Catholic Relief Services and .the Catholic Secretarial, both with "Headquarters here, and are also 'engaged in a home industry project in a slum area of the capital. They also work as teacher! and supervise youth projects.'; Irrespeclive of the type of joh (hey do. each sister gels'* Hying allowance of 670 Kenya shillings (S»f) a month. They commute by public transport and live in low-cost flats, usual, ly three or four sisters Eo a flat'. S a i d S i s t e r J a n i ' c * McLauglin: "We do not really own anything of our owrT but share together and pool all'flur resources." ,"'''!' Sister Janice, as she is poou- larly known, is perhaps,: th# best known of the Maryknc-U Sisters working in this country. She came lo Kenya from th$ United States in 1970 and worked in the communication department, of the Kenya ; Cath; olic Secretariat. -~ ·· D e f e n d i n g the Sisters' [refluent comments on political issues, Sister Janice said:""As Christians we feel lhat it is'one of our goats lo bring juslice and human rights to the whol» world." "' , Bible Verse { ' - "Therefore if Ihoil brinj( thy 'gift lo the altar, and Inert remcmberest that thy brother h n l h ought against t h e e : l.cav* there thy gift before Die altar; aiid go thy way; lirsl be reconciled t o o t h y brother, a n d - t h e n come and offer thy gilt.- 11 Matthew 5:2.1. 24 .;...'.Could it he (hat we can't get anything out of our worship because we refuse to gel things out of our system. Every man. on his return lo God, must Iravel Ihe road lo repentance which includes getting r 1 1 h t \vilh · his brother, ."...forgive us...as we forgive." f:

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