A-4--INDEPENDENT (AM) PRESS-TELESRAM (PMJ LÂ«Hi Met*. CelH., Frl., Nb. M, IS* BOMBING (Continued from Page A-l) Vietnam during the last few days. The Administration's hope now is that the diplomatic warning was sufficient and I hat military retaliation will be unnecessary. * * * * THE REVELANT part of the understanding, as stated by Johnson Administration officials at the time of the bombing halt, was this: "If there were abuses of the demilitarized zone, Viet Cong or North Vietnamese attacks on the cities or other populated areas in South Vietnam, a bombing cessation simply could not be maintained." The ambiguity that the Nixon Administration has had to untangle has been two-fold: what level of combat is to be considered an "attack" s e r i o u s enough to justify a resumption of the bombing? And what cities or populated areas are to be considered inviolate under this understanding? On the latter point, Nixon Administration officials were said to have discovered differences of opinion among Johnson's own advisors. The former White House national security aide, Walt W. Rostow, reportedly included any South Vietnamese towns of more than 15,000 population -- as many as five dozen -- as protected by the understanding. # * * * OTHERS, including .former Defense Secretary Clark M. Clifford, were said to have enumerated only three major cities -Saigon, Hue and Da Nang -- as targets that might require military retaliation. Nixon's top advisers have seemed to lean toward the Clifford interpretation in the review of the last four days. Though technically the understanding has been "violated," they concluded, the attacks so far were not serious enough to justify military action that could endanger the future of the Paris negotiations. This was the reasoning behind the warning to Hanoi: The understanding had not yet "expired," but it may well if the attacks continue. * . * * MILITARY reports from Saigon said that Thursday passed with no significant ground actions and an incident rate below the average level of the days last week, before the offensive began. A further ambiguity about the Oct. 31 understanding has erupted in public statements between Washington and Hanoi in recent days, though it is more ostensible than real. North V i e t n a m e s e spokesmen deny that the two sides agreed on any "tacit understanding." The American convention is that Hanoi "understands" the conditions under which the U.S. will maintain the bombing halt even though, for their own political reasons, the North Vietnamese refused to enter into any two-sided agreement on that basis. * * * * AS THE State Department spokesman, Carl Bartch, put it, "We are satisfied that the other side did then and does now understand our position, no matter how they choose to characterize it publicly, and we expect them to live up to the understanding." Bartch also confirmed that Hanoi representatives had asked the U.S. last fall to sign a document stating that the bombing halt was "unconditional." The U.S. refused, he said. The whole point of the Oct. 31 formula was its vagueness, enabling North Vietnam to assert that it had granted no conditions for the bombng halt, and allowing the U.S. to be confident that the enemy would not take military I advantage of the bombing I halt. POLICE DRAG OFF~demonstrator after clash with University of California student strikers and sympathizers. The action took place at Sather Gate, main entrance to the campus at Berkeley when police broke up a picket line. --AP Wirenholo 12 AJRRESTED IN MELEE UC Strikers Clash With Officers Again BERKELEY (UPI) -club-swinging p o l i c e charged repeatedly Thursday into student dissidents forming human chains at busy entrances of the Uni- versity of California campus. Twelve pesons were arrested, including strike leaders Manuel Delgado and Ysidro Macias of the OIL PERMITS (Continued from Page A-l) only the leak had "diminished considerably." -- The Coast Guard, after an aerial survey, said the slick six miles long on Wednesday appeared to be only 150 yards wide and a half-mile long. -- Other reports' said small patches of oil still spotted beaches from Santa Barbara south to Redondo. --The oil-smeared bodies of sea birds were being found on beaches. --The Department of Fish and Game held there was "no oil at all" anywhere in Santa Monica Bay on Thursday. DFG Inspector Robert Kaneen said Cliff Matthews, a department patrol captain, viewed the area from both air and sea and reported no signs of oil in the area. Kaneen said it was possible the oil which hit that area Wednesday was produced by runoff of water from oil-surfaced streets. --A New York firm revealed it has dispatched 8,000 gallons of a chemical used to break up oil slicks to the Santa Barbara area. Late Thursday Gov. Reagan endorsed a bill to allow use of the chemicals in California waters. The commission's revocation of the 15 permits halted a plan by Shell Oil Company to begin geological exploration of submerged lands, expected to start by mid March. Orange County supervisors charged the commission with "duplicity" as a result of Uie approval of the Shell permit. Supervisors -- and city officials for Newport Beach and other coastal areas -charged the commission failed to call attention lo the proposed permit either before or after it was issued. Affected local governments pledged a lawsuit to test the validity of the commission action but Thursday's cancellation made the legal actions unnecessary. * * * * THE COMMISSION also decided to delay "indefinitely" receiving bids on a lease for 5,000 acres of submerged oil land in the channel near Point Concepcion. The board was scheduled to open bids next Thursday. The commission said both orders -- cancellations and delay -- would remain in effect until its staff has been able to complete a review of existing safety and drilling rules governing the offshore wells under state control. Because the commission effected tha cancellation on its own, a scheduled appeal by the Orange County supervisors and officials of adjacent cities was not heard. * * * * SANTA MONICA Lifeguard Don Wolf said Thursday that oil reaching the beach in that city was "spotty, not saturated as it was on Wednesday." Still, he added, a visible oil mark at the waterline was apparent. "You'll get plenty of oil on your feet if you walk along the beach," he said. Wolf also said the loll in animal life had been unusually high for the two-clay period. "Aboul a dozen dead birds were found today," he said. "That makes around 20 for the two days. iimiiiiiiiiiiimiimiiimiiiiiiiliiiiiillllilillllilllllllllllllllllrllllMll 134 Flights Grounded by Strike LOS ANGELES 7P) -- A nationwide strike by Ihe Transport Workers Union grounded 134 American Airlines flighls lo and from Los Angeles Thursday. Of 3,592 American Arilincs employes here, 1,134 are members of the union. Tickel clerks, supervisors and others remained on the job, helping reservation-holders book flights on other airlines. Fifteen thousand union members in 52 U.S. cities -- ground crewmen, warehousemen, communications workers and inspectors -struck at midnight, seeking a 30 per cent pay raise and improved fringe benefits. The expired contracl provided pay ranging trom $3.30 to $4.16 an hour. miiiiiiiiliimmiiMiiiini Third World Liberation Front. About 150 protesters snake-danced through several buildings, breaking about 50 windows, both oulside and in classroom doors, and disrupting classes. They also knocked over a large bronze bust in the entrance of Wheeler Hall, splitting its marble pedestal. POLICE, WHO followed the dissidents through the buildings, made no arrests. But they did arrest 12 persons for obstructing campus entrances. They charged into crowds of pickets five limes--twice before the window-breaking spree and three times after. T h e m i d a f t e r n o o n charges by as many as 90 California Highway Patrolmen came after students blocked Sather Gate in the center of campus and the main Bancroft-Telegraph entrance. Troubles began two hours earlier. ABOUT 75 pickets linked arms to form a human chain at the Bancroft-Telegraph entrance to the campus about noon. When a squad of Alameda County sheriff's deputies approached, the protesters disbanded. They regrouped at Sather Gate and formed another chain. Deputies moved in again and tried lo arrest Delga- du. He resisted and was clubbed to the ground. Strikers began swinging and screaming at the officers, who retaliated with blows from their clubs. Macias briefly escaped officers pursuing him, but was cornered and knocked to the ground when he resisted. Both the strike leaders were carried into Sproul Hall, apparently unconscious. Four others were arrested in the scuffle. STRIKING sludents reformed at Uie Bancrofl- Telegraph enlrance and linked arms again. Aboul 30 California Highway Pa- Irolmen formed a wedge and charged into Ihe crowd, chasing the stu- denls down the Iwo streets. They made no ar- resls. The proleslers, their ranks swelled to aboul 300, llien regrouped al Sather Gate and formed a circular pickel line, allowing nonstrikers lo use Ihe bridge behind the gate. They laler formed Ihree serpenline lines for marches around the 28,000 stu- denl campus. The university Wednesday announced the banning of five students from campus pending disciplinary action. The school acted under tough rules laid down by the Board of Regents against five persons involved in rioting Feb. 20, NIXON (Continued from Page A-l) meeting with Italian President Saragat. Just two blocks away, thousands of students, s h o u t i n g "Nixon go home!" and "Mao. Mao. Mao Tse-tung!" hurled stones ' and firecrackers and jabbed police with pointed sticks. The students lambasted NATO, the U.S. presence in Vietnam, the Greek junta and "American imperialism." * * * # IN PARIS, the Viet Cong and Hanoi delegates made their attack on Nixon after U.S. chief negotiator Henry Cabot Lodge denounced the new Corn- In his arrival address in Italy, President Nixon declared: "We shall have discussions with the Soviet Union. But before this, we will have discussions with our Allies. This is the road that leads to Rome today." munist offensive in Vietnam and said it cast serious doubts on the Communists' professed good faith at the Vietnam conference table. The Communist tone was set by Xuan Thuy, Hanoi's chief bargainer. He charged the Nixon Administration with being more stubborn and perfidious than the one of Johnson. Tran Buu Kiem, the Viet Cong National Liberation Front (NLF) shadow "foreign minister", said "the Nixon government has not only followed the road charted by the Johnson Administration, but it has intensified the war of aggression against the South Vietnamese population, obstinately pursued a neo-colonialist p o l i c y , "and is harboring the illusion of winning a position of strength on the battlefield and at the conference table." Kiem, a former guerrilla fighter, said Nixon has hidden his policy behind kind words of peace,but that "the inauguration statement and press conferences of Mr. Nixon have clearly shown the dark and vile designs of his government." * * * * ITALIAN student-work- , ,,,,, , ,,,,,,,,,,,, ,,,,,.,,.Â«.,Â», mnn.iinimiiiil I miuni* ' Â»" 'Â»' 'Â»" 'Â»'Â» Â»"'Â»Â»Â»" " mm n.|iÂ» AFTER BERLIN, ROME CHEERS Nixon's Toughest Test Comes in Paris Today By WALTER R1DDER From Our National Bureau ROME -- President Richard M. Nixon brought his road show to Italy Thursday evening as he continued to try to fashion a new approach to European-American relations. His toughest test on this subject will come today when he moves his troupe from here to Paris where he will engage in some thirty-six hours of conversation with France's President, Charles De Gaulle. There was no great air of optimism among Nixon advisers that very much concrete would be forthcoming from the Nixon-De Galle talks. The Nixon people believe that De Galle is pretty well set in his positions and that it will be well- nigh impossible to budge him. What they are hopeful of doing, however, is to impress the general that a new personality is at the helm of the United States and that maybe new approaches by both countries ought to be tried. Nixon's test in France comes after a day of relative triumphs in both Germany and Italy. The President started his day in West Germany's capital Bonn, and went from there to West Berlin. The President was obviously and justifiably elated by his reception in Berlin. Hundreds upon hundreds of thousands of Berliners lined the route of his motorcade to give him a warm and cheerful welcome. It was a cold, damp, partly rainy day, but despite the inclement and inhospitable weather the crowds waited! In good humor for the American President. They waved at him enthusiastically and thronged about him on the frequent occasions when he left his car to shake hands with the onlookers. They sported all kinds of welcoming signs, the most popular of which were "Open the Wall. Richard" and a variation of a somewhat inexplicable Berlin soccer cheer "Ha, ho, hey, Richard Nixon in OK." The President made a 30-kilometer tour through the city, paid visits to such Berlin landmarks at the memorial to victims of the airlift and to the Berlin Wall and in general personified the identity of interest which links isolated West Berlin with the United States. The much advertised anti-American and anti-Nixon demonstrations failed to materialize it was said that a few demonstrators had made their appearance before Nixon arrived, but had been speedly and effectively quelled by the throng. A handful of protest signs were observed on the long motorcade and a few objects were thrown at the presidential car, but on the whole the visit passed without protest incident. In Rome after the Nixon motorcade passed, Communist-led mobs touched of rioting that injured 35 policemen and scores of students and resulted in 139 arrests after running battles through the heart of the city. The wail of sirens could be heard in the conference room of the Quirinale Palace where Nixon was meeting with President Saragat. Nixon had ended his long day with a dinner given him by the President of Italy and then had retired to bed, presumably lo wander among other things precisely what it is he is going to say to President De Gaulle when the two meet this evening. er demonstrations against Nixon also hit Milan and Naples and Communists claimed that anti-Nixon outbreaks occurred in Pisa, Foggia, Matera, Ravenna and Massa Lombarda. The student who died in Rome was Domenico Congelo, 24, an education major. He fell from an upper story window of the University of Rome Teachers College, which was occupied by leftists and besieged by rightists. Fellow students were soon talking of Congelo as a martyr for their cause. The scene was in stark contrast to one earlier in the day when a crowd of 3,000 cheering Romans surrounded Nixon after his jet landed at Ciampino Airport and hoisted the President to their shoulders. * * * * HUNDREDS OF thousands of citizens had cheered Nixon in Berlin where he reaffirmed the U.S. commitment to defend that isolated sector. Paraphrasing President John F. Kennedy's 1963 "I am a Berliner" speech, Nixon said: "In the sense that the people of Berlin stand for freedom and peace, all the people of the world who want freedom are truly Berliners." The Rome demonstration began in Piazza Esedra near the main train station. A hodgepodge of students, workers and organ- izers from the Comrminisl. party and its ally, the Proletarian Socialist party -about 5,000 in all -massed. There were anti-Nixon. demonstrations in Berlin also, but they drew scant support and consisted mostly of a couple of hundred shouting students and some snowballs, one of which hit the Nixon motorcade. In Paris, where Nixon was to begin a three-day visit today, observers saw little hope for a dramatic repair of long-strained American-French relations. They said the issues separating the two nations were too fundamental to be settled by the presidential visit. SHOP MON. THRU FBI. 'TIL 9-SAT. SUN. TIL 5 FEBRUARY SPECIALS! CARPET CLEARANCE! SAVE:: 50% AND MORE 2 99 SQ.YD. CONTINUOUS FILAMENT NYLON POPCORN Popcorn textured continuous fitamtnt nylon for lasting btauty and longer wear ... tight, | dent* construction. Nin* vibrant colors. Double jut* backs for better dimensional liability. Reg. 4.99. 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