Independent from Long Beach, California on March 23, 1976 · Page 12
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Independent from Long Beach, California · Page 12

Long Beach, California
Issue Date:
Tuesday, March 23, 1976
Page 12
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INDEPENDENT PRESS-TELEGRAM 604 Pine Avenue, 90844 Telephone 435-1 161 Herman H. Bidder -- 1952-1969 Daniel H. Bidder -- Editor and Publisher Samuel C. Cameron -- General Manager Miles E. Sines -- Executive Editor .Larry Allison -- Managing Editor Don Ohl -- Editor,Edilorial Page Bert Resnik--Assistant Managing Editor ; Don Nutter, Advertising Director E. H. Lowdermilk, Circublion Director Milton A. Lomas, Production Manager B-2 LONG BEACH, CALIFORNIA, TUESDAY, MARCH 23, 1976 Editorials The verdict on Patty Communism and NATO don't mix Let's make it perfectly clear Patricia Hearst was genuinely a kidnaping victim, but she also genuinely joined her kidnapers. Her defense in her San Francisco hank robbery trial was com- ,plex. Partly it was based on the "judgment of some distinguished 'psychiatrists that she was the victim of what they called "coercive .persuasion." Partly it was based ·on Miss Hearst's testimony t h a t she participated in the bank rob' bery under duress. Partly, too, jurors decided, it . w a s b a s e d on lies. . Jurors interviewed by the New - York Times spoke of two key elements in the prosecution case. ONE WAS A tape recording--.which t h e jury played several ..times--of a conversation in which .'Miss Hearst told a longtime friend ' : on the day of her arrest thai she was angry to have been captured. T h a i didn't m e s h w i t h M i s s Hearst's assertion that she would · have surrendered long before ex- Tcpl for fear of her associates. A jury of psychiatrists might have viewed t h i s as consistent with '·'coercive persuasion," but t h e ·discrepancy troubled jurors. The other key clement in the ·prosecution case was the monkey charm l h a t SLA member W i l l i e Wolfe gave Miss Hearst. In a tape recording made in her SLA days, Miss Hearst spoke of thai c h a r m and of her love for Wolfe. On the witness stand, she said she hated Wolfe. Bui the charm--along with a loaded revolver--was in her purse at the lime of her arrest A psychiatrist might be able to explain Miss Hearst's complex feelings about Wolfe, but the jury inevitably concluded that she was not telling the simple truth when she said she had always hated him. IF SHE WAS lying a b o u t one thing, the jurors felt, her entire testimony was to be viewed with suspicion. Most people who followed the trial through newspaper accounts will feel, we think, thai the verdict was a jusl one. They will share, too, the sympathy of Ihe jurors, who reached it reluctantly. Whatever crimes Patty Hearst has committed, she has also been the v i c t i m of a terrible psychological ordeal. She may feel its effects as long as she lives. All of us can s h a r e the h o p e of prosecutor James L. Browning Jr. lhal at the end of her current legal ordeal M i s s Hearsl w i l l be a b l e to straighten out her life. WASHINGTON--The Communist invasion of Europe is well under way and the United States is doing nothing to stop it. In Italy, it is only a matter of lime before the Communist Party is given a share in the power of government. In France, Communists have made left-wing alliance with Socialists and, once Italy topplcSj-could well go Communist, too. In Spain, the Communist Party is still outlawed, but comes the evolutfon in Italy and France, a powerful move by party associates in Spain would be expected. NATURALLY, the Communist parlies in each of these countries do not talk in Ihe h a r s h terms of takeover. Euphemisms such as "historical compromise" are used, and Communists encourage talk of "sharing in power" with other factions, as if the result would be an efficient form of socialism, with liberty and social Justice for all. To lull the local voters into thinking communism has developed a new, non- virulent strain, Communist leaders in Italy and France make angry (aces at Moscow and proclaim their "independence" from Soviet domination. Moscow plays along and waggles a finger now and then at "pluralism" by upstart comrades in Western Kurope. Presidential power » Richard Nixon has offered an ·juleresling interpretation of the ·^powers an American president !has. \ "There have been--and will be flu the future--circumstances in "which presidents may lawfully authorize actions in the interesl and ·.security of this country, which if nmdertaken by other persons, or 'even by the president under d i f - ferent circumstances, would be illegal," Nixon wrote. "II is quite ;obvious that there are certain '-inherently governmental actions iwhich if undertaken by the fcqver- leign in protection of Ihe interest of Mhe nation's security are l a w f u l jbul which if undertaken by pri- ·Tvate persons are not." ·"' THE NOTION of (he president -as sovereign will seem strange lo ?mosl Americans. It would nave /.seemed n o t o n l y strange b u t '.pernicious lo Die Framers of Ihc ·Constitution. They left a good deal '?of latitude in t h a t document, but .'their attitude on the subject of executive authority was perhaps -best expressed by Thomas J e f f e r -son in his "Draft of a Fundamental Constitution for the Commonwealth of Virginia," in 1783. " B y E x e c u t i v e p o w e r s , " leffcrson wrote, "we mean no By and large, this is a charade. Since Communists have learned that they cannot take power hi Western European countries by revolution, and since the U.S. nuclear umbrella over NATO blocks takeover by Russian arms, the Communists have seized upon a method not envisioned by Lenin: free elections. H Iff/ant Satire SINCE COMMUNISTS have adopted democratic means, some leftists wishfully think Communists have adopted democratic goals. This is a most dangerous delusion. Communism, no matter what the guise, is a disciplined ideology. Its leaders will "share" power only until they can seize complete power. Internally, each Communist party in the West maintains its iron discipline, even as their mimeo machines grind out the promise of compromise--but I _ - tv, , I : 7 promise to never lie or cheat...unless you want me j(o.' reference to those powers e x e r - cised under our former Government by the Crown as of its prerogative, nor t h a t these shall be the standard for what may or may not he deemed (he rightful powers of the Governor. We give them these powers only, which are necessary to execute the laws (and administer the government), and which arc not in their nature either l e g i s l a t i v e or judiciary. The appli-. cation of this idea m u s t be l e f t to reason." And when the Constitutional Convention came to consider the m a t t e r , James Wilson had similar thoughts. \Vilson was a lawyer, a leading citizen of Philadelphia, a signer of the Declaration of Independence, and a man George Washington called as "able, candid and honest a member" as any at the convention. And Wilson declared that he did not "consider t h e prerogatives of the British Monarch as a proper guide in d e f i n i n g the Executive power." W H E N T H E convention d i s cussed the duty imposed on the president to "take care t h a t the laws of the United States be duly and f a i t h f u l l y executed," that constitutional provision was accepted without dissent. Before his Watergate experience, Richard Nixon would not h a v e been a dissenter, either. At least, we trust he had no mental reservations when he took his oath of office. His theory of the president as sovereign is a bit of after- the-faet rationalization f o r t h e Plumbers and (or Watergate, undoubtedly. It is sad that Nixon m a y n e v e r realize t h a t , l i k e Thomas J e f f e r s o n and James Wilson, the American people do not look to the powers of sovereigns as the s t a n d a r d for the powers of presidents. Senator Soaper AN EXCITING MOMENT in the mod- cm home is when the mini.ituiv terrier fids lost in the shag carpet. THE THINKERS nrowmnce detente as dead liofcuv most of UN learned how to pronounce II , \ . a nontotalitarian form of communism is a contradiction in terms. All Communists arc quite serious about the "dictatorship of the proletariat"; personal freedom--the fruit of what we call democracy --docs not fil in their plans. Ah, but what about Yugoslavia? Doesn't the defiance of Tito prove that communism is no monolith, and aren't we smart to let a hundred flowers bloom? NO FREE MEN live anywhere in Eastern F.uropo, except in jail, and that 'goes for Yugoslavia's version of communism as well. After Tito, who is a wartime hero holding his country together by force of symbol and legend, Yugoslavia will either split up or otherwise reach an accommodation with Moscow. L e t ' s f a c e it: The export of | communism under the borders of Western j Europe is succeeding. Free Italians and i Frenchmen, once duped into trying the Communist path, would find the road back blocked; interviewer Oriana Fallaci would bo shocked to discover she would not be permitted to skewer the director of UK KdB in a Communist-controlled press. Because we worry about a forthright message feeding anti-American propaganda, the United States is wringing its hands and issuing mild statements. Says President Ford. "I don't think you can have a Communist government or Communist officials in a government and have that nation a viable partner in NATO." That's less than a clarion call. WE ML'ST MAKE clear that the purpose of the North Atlantic Treaty Alliance is to stop Communist expansion into Europe and that no Communist government can be a part of it. Ford should state candidly that if any NATO nation were to choose communism, it would also be choosing expulsion from NATO. If other NATO nations were to disagree with this position, then the United States would withdraw from NATO, third of a million troops and all. Such frankness would capture some attention in complacent Europe, which now assumes that the U.S. will remain, in its own anti-Soviet interest, no matter what the other industrial democracies do to themselves. But we all know that a Communist member of an anti-Communist alliance is an asp in the bosom. If Italy shares power with Communists, Italy must be cast out of . NATO. WE OWE IT to the Italians--and to the French and Spanish governments, and to tlie West German and British labor unions - to tell them this now, unequivocally, before it is too late. By continuing to murmur tut-tiiHings, worried about not wanting to appear loo domineering, we deny our allies timely information they need about our intentions. Let us, then, dispense with the vague hints from Koggy Bottom that Communist participation "will lead to a substantial change in the nature of allied relationships." Let's tell our NATO friends the truth in plain language: stick with democracy and the United Slates will stick with you: Go Communist, and you go it alone. Question Assuming our governor is elected president, would he handle a strike of U.S. Steel, the railroads or the United Mine Workers in the same fashion he handled-or didn't handle--the physicians' strike here in California? I hope not! MICK GAUGHENBAUGH Long Beach A third possibility Even though we seem to have a huge slate of candidates for president, it still looks to me like a choice between Tweedle- dee and Tweedledum. Some favor welfare for the rich, on the supposition that some of the crumbs will sift down to the laboring and purchasing public. Others favor welfare for the poor in hopes that Iheir purchases will help stimulate a lagging economy. They all hasten to avow their loyalty lo America by using the "Communist menace" as a whipping boy. ;ind lo have an excuse to waste more productive c a p a c i t y and irreplaceable energy and mineral resources on an ever- incresing war program. This war psychology has already caused the world expenditure of nearly V trillion since World War II--with no end in sighl unless a dramatic change in our national direction is initialed. Forty-two years ago I chanced upon a story by an American author relating to a millennial age for America. Ixxjki'm, 1 Backward by Edward Bellamy is the beautiful, future science fiction, love story lhat has intrigued me all Ihc years since I first read it nt nff 1-1. Suppose we had an independent presidential candidate wilh a platform centered around Shat ideal society. Then we could have 3 choice between Twecdledee. Twee- dledum and the millennium F.I.TON R MA AS Central Point, Ore. A toast When someone a little bit unusual dies, one who knew him feels a need lo get something more said about him than the obituary story. Such a person was Dr. Samuel Pollach, professor of education at Long Beach State University, His colleagues at the school are bolter able lo evaluate his contributions as an educator. What I can testily is lhat his passionate concern was always (or education's end product, the kids, rather than for Ihe institution. Sam was a man of boundless enthusiasms and talents, which he never hoarded. He was a significant and developing artist. On social occasions, he would pick up a guitar or banjo, roll back his head and sing up a storm. He was fascinated by Ihe stage, the printed word, mathematics, politics and baseball. A decorated Air Force man in World War II, he placed equal value on working for a peaceful world in later life. You would never kmiw it. but for iho past 11 years he often lived with acute pain localise of a cruelly damaged heart, lie went in for risky surgery last week in the hope that, as he told his 5-year-old son. one of four children, "when I come back home I can throw you up in the air." He didn't make it. In the tradition of the Irish wake, where friends instead of mourning the one who died celebrate his having been among them, those of us who came to appreciate Sam Poll.ich can most f i t t i n g l y w fa it- well hy raising a glass in the buoyant Hebrew "I/Chayini"--To life 1 I.ES RODNEY Torrnnce Bitter brew Reagan is crying in his beer Sad R u d w e u - c r S A M U E L W H I T M A N ( Lung Ri;adi Watergate revisited This is in defense of our President Nixon While he made some mistakes--and who doesn't' 1 --he is a man of character, with a most unusual family, as to morals. He lied about Watergate. He would not have hi-en a good leader if he hadn't had that investigated, as we know there were several .going oier to Ihe enemy. It was his obligation to know what was going on. Had he come out and admitted what he did. everyone would have hacked him. But when he had such a wonderful victory, the Democrats ;md the biased press decided to gi-l hiii). In so doing, they heartlessly nearly killed him because he was not liked; he was not :i drunken party man. In comparison lo Kennedy and some former occupants of Ihe White House, in my opinion he is a saint MRS. CYNTHIA B. SIMS Long Beach Museum defended While the Ixmg Beach Museum of Art appreciates any coverage it obtains from the I, P-T. we do feel that the article which appeared on March 12 docs not report sonic of the most significant discussions. In response lo the general questioning of the council, 1 pointed out that the new museum building has been designed specifically to take advantage of the potential sources of substantial revenue which are available to most museums, but have not been capitalized upon. I stated lhat the economic impact of the new "arts forum" in downtown Long Beach could contribute h e a v i y to the community's tourism income. Finally, ihe article did not indicate the f a c t t h a t only ball the council wa.- prcsenl J A N ERNST ADLMANN Director Museum of Arl Long^Beach

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